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CALENDARS. 



Instpuotlons to Bditopa. 



The Master of the Bolls desires to call the atieation of the Editors of C&lendars 

to the foUowiug ooDsiderations, with a view to secure imiformity of plan in the 
important works on which they are engaged : — 

He U anxious to extend, as far as is consistent with proper economy and 
despatch, the utility of the Calendars of State Papers now pubhshing under his 
control : 1st. As the most efficient means of making the national archives 
accessible to all who are interested in historical inquiries ; 2nd. As the best 
justification of the liberality and munificence of the OoTemment in throwing 
open these papers to the public, and providing proper catalogues of their 
contents at the national expense. 

The greater number of the readers who will consult and value these works 
can have little or no opportunity of visiting the Public Record Office, in which 
these papers are deposited. The means for consulting the originals must 
necessarily be limited when readers live at a distance from the metropolis ; 
still more if they are residents of Scotland, Ireland, distant colonies, or foreign 
states. Even when such an opportunity does exist, the difficulty of mastering 
the original hands in which these papers are written will deter many readers 
from consulting them. Above all, their great variety and number must 
present formidable obstacles to literary inquirers, however able, sanguine, and 
energetic, when the information contained in them is not made accessible by 
satisfactory Calendars. 

The Master of the Rolls considers that, without superseding the nec^sity 
of consulting the originals, every Editor ought to frame his Calendar in such 
a manner that it shall present, in as condeneed a form aa possible, a correct 
index of the contents of the papers described in it. He considera that the 
entries should be so minute as to enable the reader to discover not only the 
general contents of the originals, but also what thty do not contain. If 
the information be not sufficiently precise, if facts and names be omitted or 
concealed under a vague and general description, the reader will be often 
misled, he will assume that where the abstracts are silent as to information 
to be found In the documents, such information does not exist ; or be will 
have to examine every original in detail, and thus one great purpose will 
have been lost for which these Calendars have been compiled. 

A. 8760. Wt. 12402. * 



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As tbe documents are various, the Master of the Rolls considers that thej 
will demand a corresponding mode ot treatment. The following rules are 
to be observed : — 

let. All formal and official documents, such as lettera of credence, warrants, 
grants, and the like, should be described as briefly as possible. 

2nd. Letters and documents referring to one subject only should be cata- 
logued as briefly as is consistent with correctness. But when they contain 
miscellaneous news, such a description should be given as will enable a 
reader to form an adequate notion of the variety of their contents. 

8rd. Wherever a letter or paper is especially difficult to decipher, or the 
allusions more than ordinarily obscure, it will be advisable for the Editor to 
adhere, as closely as is consistent with brevity, to the text of the document. 
He is to do the same when it contains secret or very rare information. 

4th. Where the Editor has deciphered letters in cipher, the decipher may 
be printed at full length. But when a contemporary or authorised decipher 
exists it will be sufficient to treat the cipher as on ordinary document. 

6th. Striking peculiarities of expression, proverbs, manners, &c., are to be 
noticed. 

6th. Original dates are to be given at the close of each entry, that the 
reader may know the ezact evidence by which the marginal dates are 
determined. 

7th. Where letters are endorsed by the receivers and the date of their 
delivery specified, these endorsements are to be recorded. 

8th. The number of written pages of each docoment is to be specified, as 
a security for its integrity, and that readers may know what proportion the 
abstract bears to the original. 

9th. The language of every document is to be specified. If, however, the 
greater part of the collection be in English, it will be sufficient to denote 
those only which are in a difi'erent tongue. 

10th. Where documents have been printed, a reference should be given to 
the publication. 

11th. Each series is to be chronological. 

12tb. The Prefaces of Editors, in explanation of documents in the volume, 
are not to exceed fifty pages, unless the written permission of the Master of 
the Rolls to the contrary be obtained. 



^J* Editors employed in foreign archives are to transcribe at full length 
important and secret papers. 



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CALENDAR 

OF 

STATE PAPERS 

DOMESTIC SERIES, 

MABCH 1st, 1675, TO FEBRUARY 39th, 1676. 

PREBGRTBD IN THB 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. 

EDITED m 

F. H. BLACKBUENE J5ANIELL, M.A., 
Late Frffoir of Trinity ColUge, Cambridge. 

TIOH or THE MUTIB 07 THB BOLLS, AMD WITH THE 
B saCBBTUtt OF STITK TOB TBE BOtIB DttlBTMBNT. 



LONDON : 

PRINTED FOE HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE, 

BY MACKIE AND CO., LD., 2, Wine Oftioe Court, Fleet Street, B.C. 



And to be porobased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 

WYMAN AMD SONS, LD., Pbtter Lanr, E.G. ; or 

OLIVER AND BOYD, Edinburob ; or 

E. PONBONBY, 116, Graftos Street, Dublin. 

1907. 



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CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUME. 

Paob. 

Preface -.--... v 

Errata -...-. xlvi 

Calendar .-....- 1 

Addenda ------- 587 

General Index . . - - - - 593 



161782 

Digitized syGoC^le 



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PREFACE. 



In the present Tolume are calendared the documents of the 
twelve months from 1 March, 1675, to 29 February, 1676. 

The King went to Newmarket on 10 March and stayed 
there till the 27th, when he returned to London (p. 472). 
Though the weather was very disagreeable. March dust and 
December ice (p. 21), he and the Duke of York were described 
as having never been in better health or humour (p. 34). 
At one race a Fellow of Jesua College crossed the course and 
threw down a Scotch horse which had otherwise beaten 
Diamond, the favourite (p. 19). Another favourite, Lusty, 
was beaten by Nutmeg (pp. 24, 26, 28). Two or three 
thousand pounds were betted on that match (p. 24), and one 
gentleman, of 120^ a year rent, was engaged 900^. deep (p. 25). 
The King himself rode three heats and a course and won 
the plate by good horsemanship (p. 35). 

On 26 June (p. 183) the King sailed irom Gravesend for 
Portsmouth, accompanied by the Dukes of York and 
Monmouth and several lords and gentlemen, to see the 
launch of the Royal James, built by Mr. Deane and acknow- 
ledged to be the most complete piece in the Navy (p, 191), 
The weather however being bad, the voyage proved very 
tedious, and the King did not arrive till 2 July at one in the 
morning, too late for the launch, which took place on Tuesday 
the 29th (p. 194). 

Detailed accounts of the voyage will be found in various 
letters calendared from p. 183 to p. 196, among them being 
two from Pepys, who had gone to Portsmouth. It was feared 
that the Katkerine yacht had been lost (p. 195), but this was 
not the case. At Portsmouth the King was much pleased at 
viewing the Royal James and also at seeing one of the yachts 
built by Mr. Deane for the flench King at Versailles drawn 



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on a cradle at least 200 yards to the seaside, whsre it was 
lifted out with tackle and other engines, though it weighed 
at least 42 tons, and let down gently on the ooze, where it lay 
till the tide came in and set it afloat (p. 195). 

The yachts in question sailed the end of the month for 
Havre, convoyed by the Cleveland and Merlin yachts (p. 234), 
the captains of which were each presented with a gold chain 
and medal by the French King for their services (p. 268). 
Their builder followed them to Havre early in August 
(p. 252). After dinner the King saw the garrison exercise 
(p. 195) and knighted Sir John Tippetts, Sir Bichard Haddock 
and Sir Anthony Deane, Commissioners of the Navy, and Sir 
Roger Manley, Deputy Governor of Portsmouth (p. 197), and 
at night was entertained with fireworks (p. 195). He dined 
the next day at Titchfield with Mr. Noel and that evening 
embarked in the Sarmch for London (p. 197), which he 
reached on the 5th (p. 199), and went to Windsor the next 
day or the day after (p. 203) and stayed there or at Hampton 
Court till early in September (p. 289), when he returned to 
Whitehall, where he seems to have remained till March, with 
the exception of a visit of a day or two in February to 
Windsor (p. 559). 

A Mr. Stisted or Stysted was sent to the Gatehouse in 
December for false and seditious speeches (p. 451). He 
was charged with saying there were reports about that Tangier 
was to be sold to the French, that the King had again shut up 
the Exchequer, that he was going to France to live with the 
Duchess of Portsmouth and that she had sent a great sum 
out of Kngland. He had been told that the Duchess had 
said to the Queen or to some of her servants that she was 
as much the King's wife as the Queen, only she had not been 
married by a bishop (pp. 432, 434, 437, 440, 441). 

Two of the King's natural children by the Duchess of 
Cleveland, the Earl of Southampton and the Earl of Euston, 
were created Duke of Southampton (p. 241) and Duke of 
Grafton (p. 221), and his son by the Duchess of Portsmouth 



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was created Duke of Richmond in England (p. 224) and 
Duke of Lenox in Scotland (pp. 265, 289) and granted arms, 
&c. (p. 326). A similar grant was made to the Earl of 
Plymouth, another of the King's natural sons (p. 356). In 
January, 1676, the Duchess of Cleveland went to France with 
her two sons, the Duke of Grafton and the Earl of 
Northumberland, for their better education (p. 532). The 
spelling of a letter from the Duchess of Portsmouth from 
Wilton, where she was visiting her sister, the Countess of 
Pembroke, seemed sufficiently remarkable to warrant its being 
given verbatim et literatim {p. 33). 

From the petition of Richard Yates it appears that his 
father, who had conducted the King from Worcester to 
Whiteladies, was hanged because he would not discover where 
he had seen him last (p. 7). 

Mr. Whitgrave, to whose house the Kiug had gone from 
Boscobel, and the Pendrells were prosecuted for being 
Papists (p. 87). 

On pp. 177, 178 will be found lists of articles to be 
supplied by the Great Wardrobe for the King's Closet and the 
Chapel Royal. Among the latter are mentioned one gross of 
points of silk for the copes and three gispins, which were 
leather pots. 

In February orders were issued for regulating the public 
healings by the King to prevent the disorders that had 
happened from disagreements between the Serjeant chirurgeon, 
the chirurgeon to the person and the chirurgeon to the 
Household. All public healings were appointed to take place 
from Ash Wednesday to the end of May and from 1 September 
to 30 November (p. 539). 

The Duke of York accompanied the King to Newmarket 
(p. 19) and Portsmouth. In December there was a wild 
rumour in Kent that he had quarrelled with the King and had 
wounded him mortally and had fled to France (p. 466). A 
caveat was entered in September that nothing pa.ss in favour 
of the patentees of Connecticut to the prejudice of the Duke's 



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interest in New York without notice (p. 290). In November 
and December the Duke's claims for deficiencies due to him 
under the Acts of Settlement and Explanation were referred 
to the Lord Lieutenant aud the Lord Privy Seal (pp. 378, 
442). 

Parliament met on 13 April after a prorogation of more 
than 13 months {p. 63) and sat till 9 June, when it was 
prorogued on account of the quarrel between the two Houses 
about the right of the House of Lords to hear appeals in suits 
to which a member of the House of Commons was a party. 
It sat again from 13 October till 22 November, when it was 
again prorogued till February, 1676-7, for the same reason, 
'lliere are numerous accounts of the proceedings of bt)th 
Houses, but with very few exceptions they contain nothing of 
interest which is not recorded In the Joiirnals. Before the 
meeting in October the two Secretaries of State wrote to 
several members desiring their attendance (pp. 302, 304). 

On pp. 69 and '95 and 98 will be found papers about 
disputed returns for Aldborough and Thirsk in Yorkshire, the 
paint at issue being as to the qualifications of the voters. One 
of the parties concerned in the former return was the well 
known Sir John Iteresby. On p. liJ2 is a case relating to the 
York election, and on p. 124 one relating to the Chester 
election between Col. Werdeu and Mr. Williams, in which 
the latter was charged with having many freemen illegally made 
after the poll had actually been opened, and with other 
illegal practices. Mr. Williams asserted that the right of 
election was in the freemen only, whereas in all elections 
within the memory of man the inhabitants paying scot and 
lot had voted as well as the freemen. 

On the meeting of Parliament in April a paper purporting 
to be the King's speech was circulated satirising the King, 
the Lord Treasurer and Lord Lauderdale, and concluding by 
promising that whatever should be given him should be 
managed with the same conduct, thriftiness, sincerity and 
prudence that he had ever practised since his restoration 
(p. 64). 



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A printed paper addressed to Parliament while thanking 
them for their zeal to establish the Protestant religion exhorted 
them to stop the growing disease of atheism and blasphemy, 
adding it was impossible this transgression should be healed 
while the theatres were suffered to be the schools of blasphemy, 
debauchery and buffoonery. On the back is a letter com- 
plaining of the band of pensioners, who were selling God, their 
souls and their country for private and filthy lucre, and whose 
names, if manifestly guilty, should be recorded, and also of 
those who voted that cottagers, who had no voice in elections, 
should pay 2s. yearly for a stone not worth 2d. when the 
chimney villains call it a hearth (p. 88). 

A letter (p. 369) contains similar complaints of the iu- 
cqualily of the hearth money, for an estate of 40«. per annum 
was charged as much as one of 40/. or 100/., and on p. 338 
will be found verses satirising the Long ur Chimney Parliament. 

Two papers were presented to Parliament on behalf of the 
.prisoners for debt, setting forth their grievances from the 
merciless tyranny of many of their creditors and the barbarous 
deportment of the gaolers and the great increase in their 
numbers, and praying for inquiry and that a clause should be 
added to the Bill before the House for the dischai^e of such 
prisoners as would part with their whole estate for the benefit 
of their creditors (pp. 144, 380). 

On pp. 88 and 369-373 are papers presented to Parliament 
containing arguments for and against allowing the exportation 
of unmanufactured leather, and on pp. 873-376 for and 
against allowing the exportation of English and Irish wool. 
These papers iUusirate the notions then prevalent about 
commerce and also give a good deal of iuformation about the 
trade in those commodities. 

Jn particular the paper calendared on p. 374 abounds in 
details and technical terms relating to the woollen manufacture. 

Complaints were made to Parliament by drapers, mercers, 
grocers and other traders of the injury to their trades from 
pedlars and hawkers (p. 145). The company of glass-sellers 



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in particular complained of the injury they sustained, as from 
the nature of their goods they were obh'ged to keep large 
houses and pay heavy rents, and asserted that pedlars were 
sturdy incorrigible persons, who generally cheated people mth 
bad wares, and often corrupted servants to steal their masters' 
provisions to truck with them (p. 399). On behalf of the 
pedlars it was answered that, though many of (hem were of 
the other nation of Scotland, it ought not to be complained 
of, they being also the King's subjects, and that statutes 
against pedlars were meant to apply only to those that 
misdemeaned themselves by be^ng, idleness, &c, (p. 146). 

Complaints were made of the intolerable taxes laid by the 
French King on EngUsh manufactures (p. 374), and of the 
adverse balance of trade with France. The silks, Unens and 
stuffs imported from France exceeded the whole of the 
English exports thither (p. 876). Ihe ^^ilue of the linen 
imported yearly amounted to 1,000,000/. (p. 574). To 
remedy these evils it was desired that the King and the 
Parliament should discountenance wearing foreign manufac- 
tures both by their own examples and by either prohibiting 
them altogether or by laying a heavy duty on them (p. 374). 

The King declared in Council that he would not wear any 
foreign points or laces after he returned to Whitehall from 
Windsor, and forbade the wearing of such articles, and 
ordered the Lord Chamberlaiu not to permit any persons 
wearing them to appear in his presence (p. 211). 

In October the creditors of the Goldsmiths concerned in 
the Exchequer petitioned the House of Commons for relief, 
as since the stop they had failed to receive not only their 
interest, but their principal, and some had been cast into 
debtors' prisons, while others had become distracted by misery 
and others had broken their hearts and died (p. 379). 

On 19 May a proclamation was issued in consequence of an 
address of the Parliament commanding the immediate return of 
all who had gone into the French service since the peace with 
the States General and forbidding persons from going into that 



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service (p. 127). Notwithstanding the proclamation, an 
attempt was made to carry 0ver recruits for the Dnke of 
Monmouth's regiments in France (p. 520). 

Don Pedro de Ronquillo, the Spanish Ambassador, and the 
Dntch Ambassador who visited him wished that the House of 
Commons would outlaw all who disobeyed the proclamation, 
and make another address recalling the forces who were in the 
French service before the peace. This was overheard by one 
Pardini, who appears to have been one of the ambassador's 
suite, and acted as a spy for the English Government (p. 292). 
Pardini alleged that Ronquillo had brought over no money for 
purposes of corruption and that he had declined offers of 
introductions to various M.P.'s, alleging that "he must look 
about him first (p. 143). Later, however, it seems that 
presents were made out of borrowed money, including 100/. 
to a Parliament man (p. 476). 

On Saturday, 20 November, in consequence of the quarrel 
between the two Houses about appeals to the House of Lords, 
Lord Mohun moved and Lord Shaftesbury seconded an 
address for a dissolution. The House was equally divided, 
but the Earl of Ailesbury, coming in late and being ignorant 
of the debate, voted in the negative for himself and a proxy 
he had, so the motion was lost by two votes. On Monday 
the Parliament was prorogued till 16 January, 1676-7 
{pp. 413, 414). Among the papers calendared are "Two 
Seasonable Discourses concerning this present Parliament, " one 
of which gives the ailments in the debate on the address for 
a dissolution (p. 425). The only public Act passed during this 
session was one for the rebuilding of Northampton (p. 411). 

It was particularly noticed that Lord Lauderd^lle carried 
the sword before the King at the prorogation, though the 
House of Commons had presented an address praying that he 
might not be so near the King's person (p. 4H). 

'J'he prorogation was followed by reports of an intended 
dissolution (pp. 445, 457). In anticipation of it candidates 
were getting ready in Kent and the Cinque Ports (p. 457), 



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and the opposition party in Herefordshire held a meeting to 
select candidates for the county and boroughs (p. 460). 

Sir Thomas Overbury issued an address to the corporation 
of Tewkesbury (p. 498). Coming from a moderate man it 
shows the general discontent at the state of affairs. It appears 
from papers calendared in the next volume that this letter 
was sent up by Col. Sandys to Secretary Williamson. 

. 1'he goTemment was vigilant in suppressing writings and 
conversations against themselves. In November orders were 
given for seizing all copies of the famous Letter from a 
Person of Quality (p. 393). On pp. 510, 511 are examina- 
tions concerning writers of seditious libels. On 29 December a 
proclamation was issued for the suppression of all coffee-houses 
after 10 January. The time was subsequently extended to 
24 June, on the keepers entering into recognizances not to 
allow any scandalous papers, books or libels to be brought 
into or read in their houses and to prevent persons there from 
declaring any false and scandalous reports against the 
government or its ministers (p. 503 . Notes of a debate in 
the Privy Council about licences and the judges' opinions 
thereon are calendared on pp. 496, 500. 

A real or imaginary specimen of a coffee-house conversa- 
tion relates to the arrival of the Duchess of Mazarin in 
London "booted and spurred, wearing a great coat and 
covered with mnd." One speaker suggested that the King 
of France finding Carwel too weak to support the French 
interest had sent the King over a new mistress who should 
do it to the purpose. Another thought that Kalph Montagu, 
who had made a great acquaintance with her at Chambery,had 
in concert with Arlington persuaded her to come over, hoping 
that the King would fall in love with her and that she would 
be a means of ruining the Lord 'I'reasurer, who was supported 
by the Duchess of Portsmouth. To this it was answered that 
a niece and heiress of Cardinal Mazarin, having claims to 
money at Court, could not be engaged to take part against 
the Minister who was in favour and held the purse, A third 



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speaker conjectured that the Duke of York had undertaken to 
reconcile her to her husband on account of her near relationship 
to his Duchess, while others thought that he was enamoured 
of her himself, and, though devotion had given him a new turn, 
the bowls would still to their bias (p. 473). 

In Fobruary Secretary Williamson was sent by the King to 
Lord Shaftesbury to tell him he was informed that he was 
very busy in town in matters that he ought not and that he 
tiiought it were much better he were at home in the country, 
now that term was over, and that the Kiog knew more than 
perhaps he thought he did of his Lordship's being up and down 
in the town and therefore had thought fit to give him this 
warning. The Earl replied he had nothing to do in town 
relating to the government, nor had he in any company 
meddled vrith anything relating to the King or the public, 
but he declined to leave on account of his disposing of Exeter 
House, and his interests in the African Company and Carolina. 
A full EWM»unt of the interview is given on pp. 559-561. 

Williamson was afterwards told by Lord O'Brien that this 
message had been expected for some time, but from Coventry, 
the other secretary. The Earl talked after his usual fashion 
without aoy apparent change at all (p. 562). 

Williamson was told a few days later by the same lord that 
John's coffee-house was the one where Lord Shaftesbury vented 
out all his thoughts and designs, and that there had been a 
great meeting the night before at tbe Fiarl'a and that he made 
merry with the message. Mr. Chiffinch was of opinion it had 
been better not to have sent the message. The Attorney- 
General was said to be much mixed up with Sir T. Player, 
Thompson and others of that party. Flayer and his friends 
still sometimes came and diank with Ihe King at Will. 
Chiffinch's, but lately seemed not so well satisfied with their 
reception by him (p. 562). 

In June the first election for the County of Durham was 
held under the Act enfranchising the county and city. Col. 
Tempest headed the poll with 1,034 or 1,046 votes, Thomas 



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Vane, son of the late Sir Henry, was second with 857 or 854 
and Sir James Clavering third with 756, 737 or 735 (pp. 179, 
184). Mr. Vane was the candidate supported by the 
Dissenters. The election was finished on Wednesday, 
23 June, and two days afterwards Mr. Vane died of smallpox 
(pp. 184, 187). It was sug^sted that under these circum- 
stances Sir James Clavering might be returned as elected 
(p. 340), but on 25 Oct. Christopher, the brother of the 
deceased member, who had managed the June election on his 
behalf, was returned unopposed (p. 362). 

The vacancy caused in Dorsetshire by the death of Col. 
Strangewayes was filled by the return of Lord Digby, the 
Earl of Bristol's eldest son, by upwards of 1,700 votes against 
520 for Mr. Moore or More of Haychurch, the candidate 
supported by Lord Shaftesbury and the Nonconformists 
(pp. 232, 245, 263, 331. 353, 355). 

At Lynn, Mr. Coke of Holkham was elected against Alder- 
man Taylor by 291 votes to 205 (pp. 42, 61, 73). 

In the city a party in the Common Council headed by Sir 
T. Player, Thompson, Nelthorpe and Jefireys, the Common 
Serjeant, asserted that a meeting of the Common Council 
was not dissolved by the I/)rd Mayor's rising. The said 
persons on Saturday, 13 March, came to the Lord Keeper 
and acknowledged their error and admitted that the Lord 
Mayor had the sole right of calling Common Councils 
and dissolving them. On Tuesday, however, the Common 
Seijeant, when summoned before a Court of Aldermen, 
refused to make such a submission as he had previously made, 
and justified what he had done. The Court of Aldermen 
thereupon suspended him from his office. On the following 
Saturday, however, the Common Council men, and particularly 
the Common Serjeant, when summonetl before the Lord 
Keeper, the Lord Treasurer and Secretary "Williamson, not- 
withstanding what the Common Serjeant had said before the 
Court of Aldermen, declared that all that had been done after 
the sword was taken up was irregular and not to be justified, 



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PREFACE. XV 

and acknowledged their error and the Lord Mayor's right to 
call and dissolve Common Councils. 'ITie three ministers 
recommended this to the Lord Mayor and the Aldermen 
present as a great degree of satisfaction, and having obtained 
from the Common Seijeant a promise that he would make the 
same acknowledgement to the Court of Aldermen, recom- ■ 
mended them to accept it and restore him, which they did 
not seem unwilling to do, and from the subsequent history of 
his life it is known that he was restored. Jjetters and papers 
relating to this affair are calendared on pp. 21, 25, 26, 31 and 
47J. 

Another question was whether the appointment of the 
Judge of the Sheriffs' Court was vested in the Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen or in them jointly with the Common Council 
(p. tt2). It appears that it was finally decided that the choice 
lay with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council, 
and at an election in January a Afr. Richardson was chosen 
by a majority of 40 over the Common Serjeant, who had been 
nominated by the Lord Mayor (p. 637). 

On the petition of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen an 
arrear of 1,063^. 16*. ll^d. on the 18 months' assessment, 
in addition to 800Z. per mensem already remitted, making 
together 15,463^. IGa. lljrf., was remitted in regard of the 
many empty houses and tofts unbuilt in the city (pp. 167, 
504, 625). 

On 14 May the Commissioners for rebuilding St. Paul's, 
as the portion of the coal duty set apart for rebuilding 
amounted to a considerable sum, were ordered to proceed with 
the work according to a "very artificial, proper and useful " 
design chosen by the King, and to begin with the East end or . 
choir (p. 118). In December the Commissioners, after stating 
that in laying the foundations they had hitherto used only old 
stone, petitioned for liberty to raise stone in the Isle of 
Portland and to repair the piers, &c, there for bringing it 
away and to charge a rent for the use of the same {p. 467). 
A grant as prayed was with the Commissioners' assent made 
to the Dean and Chapter (p. 634). 

am b 



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In June a petition of several gentlemen and citizeM who 
practised archery about the city and the suburbs, complaining 
of the enclosure of sundry fields wherein they had had always 
right to shoot, was referred to the Attomey-Gfeneral (p. 165). 

In accordance with proposals submitted by the governors of 
Christ's Hospital to the King for rendering the Mathematical 
School more useful (p. 291) letters were sent to the East India, 
the Muscovy, the Eastland, the Royal African aud the Levant 
Companies requesting them to use their influence with masters 
of ships to take each a boy from that school as an apprentice for 
7 years, each master to receive for each boy the usual pay of 
an ordinary seaman in the King's service, viz., I9a. each lunar 
month (p. 502). In February the governors of Christ's 
Hospital petitioned that the surplus of Henry Fryer's estate, 
which was to be given to the poor, should be settled on the 
poor children tramed in the Hospital in mathematics and 
navigation (p. 581). 

Riots, that lasted three days, began on 9 August with an 
attack on French weavers by weavers who burnt several 
engine looms called broad looms. The civil authorities and 
even the militia were so remiss that the riots spread from 
Westminster to Southwark, the Tower Hamlets and else- 
where. Quiet was restored by the measures taken by the 
Privy CouncU (pp 250, 252-356, 265, 476). 

In October there was a similar riot of weavers at Colchester, 
who assembled by the blowing of a horn and marched into 
St. Mary's Churchyard and thence into St. John's Fields to 
the number of 400 aud came shouting through the 
streets threatening to plunder one Furley and pull down his 
house. Six of the ringleaders were convicted at the sessions 
in January (pp. 352, 513). 

The Exeter weavers, understanding that some weavers were 
transporting themselves to Ireland, broke into the King's ware- 
house at Topsham and took away or destroyed the instruments 
they were taking with them to Ireland (p. 329). 



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In tbe Church the vacancy at Chichester caused by the 
translation of Dr. Gunning to Ely was filled by the appoint- 
ment of Dr. Brideoke, Dean of Salisbury (pp. 16, 24). To 
fjlandaff Dr. William Lloyd was appointed (p. 60). Secretary 
Williamson had been too late in his application in favour of 
Dr. Barlow, Provost of Queen's, his own College, and besides 
the King was resolved to have a Welshman appointed 
(p. 472). Dr. Barlow was, however, soon afterwards consoled 
by obtaining the much more important and valuable bishopric of 
Lincoln (p. 76). Early in July Dr. Blandford, Bishop of 
Worcester, died. An account of his death, with particqlars-of 
his ivUI, by which he disposed of all his property to pious 
uses, is given on p. 209, The vacant bishopric was filled by 
Dr. Fleetwood, Provost of King's (p. 211). Early in 
December Dr. Compton, Bishop of Oxford, was translated to 
London (p. 428) and was succeeded by Dr. Fell, Dean of 
Christ Church, who was allowed to continue to hold the 
deanery in commendam (pp. 501, 514). 

The question about the method of appointment to the 
Deanery of Ripon had been settled in 1674 in the case of 
Dr. Neile, who died in April, 1675 (p. 71). Dr. Tullie was 
appointed in his place (p. 71), but died in the following 
January and was succeeded by Dr. Thomas Cartwright 
(pp. 511, 518). 

The preachers in Lancashire petitioned for payment of 
a pension of 200^. per annum and the arrears thereof formerly 
allowed to preachers appointed by the Bishop of Chester to 
officiate in an itinerant way In the many chapels otherwise 
insufficiently provided for (p. 176). 

Papers relating to the case of John Tilsley or Tildfesley, 
formerly vicar of Deane, Lancashire, who was prosecuted 
under the Act restraining Nonconformists from inhabiting 
corporation, will be found on pp. ?01, 209, 618, 519. He 
alleged that he had conformed in 1670 and received a licence 
from the late Bishop of Chester and a nolle prosequi was 
entered on the information. Attempte were made to have the 



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xviii PREFACE. 

ttolle prosequi withdrawn od the grounds that Tilsley had not 
lead the bishop's licence or his certificate of conformity in his 
church within the period limited by the Act, and also that the 
licence had been determined by the Bishop's death. It was 
also alleged that he did not wear the surplice or use the cross 
in baptism and omitted the rites, ceremonies, forms and orders 
in the Book of Common Prayer, and to avoid performing these 
things had procured a man of straw to be appointed to the 
Ticarage, who read the prayers, while Tilsley himself preached 
every Sunday and managed all the concerns of the church and 
parish. 

The Bishop of Bristol was very vigorous in his proceedings 
against the Nonconformists there, the principals of the 
Independents, Presbyterians and Anabaptists being convicted 
and sent to prison. One of them, Mr. Thompson, a very 
eminent Independent, fell sick of a fever and died in prison on 
6 March, which made the Dissenters complain of the severity 
of the civil and tyranny of the ecclesiastical laws. The day 
after Thompson's burial a Ubel was found in the Lord Mayor's 
house threatening that, if they must be subject to these perse- 
cutions, there were many eminent and sufficient men and 
numbers of apprentices and people of inferior rank that would 
venture their lives and fortunes for their freedom (pp. 9, 10). 
In May a narrative by Thomas Hobson, the gaoler, was 
published to contradict the false reports about Thompson's 
imprisonment and death, namely, that he and the other persons 
committed had been thrown into a filthy dungeon and that he 
had been half poisoned, half starved to death (p. 94). 

At Lynn, since the Indulgence had been recalled, there had 
been no public meetings, bat the Nonconformists were said 
to meet in private, and several in the neighbourhood 
were being prosecuted (p. 23). On 11 April a private 
meeting of Presbyterians was discovered by the curate and 
officers of St. Margaret's. Some escaped, but those identified 
weie to be prosecuted according to law (p. 61). 



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PBEPACE. six 

From Bridlington frequent meetings in large numbers of 
Nonconformists, among whom the Quakers were particularly 
mentioned, were reported (pp. 54, 73, 163, 185, 234, 427). 

The fullest accounts of the Nonconformists come from Great 
Yarmouth. The bailiffs on Saturday, 27 Feb., 1675, desired 
thar chief men to forbear meeting at their public place, and 
they promised not to do so, and, though some hundreds of them 
who had no notice of this promise came to the meeting place 
next day, when they saw an informer, who had posted him- 
self at the door, they passed by (p. 1). For some time they 
kept their promise (pp. 18, 54), but later in the year they 
resumed their meetings in as great numbers as before 
(pp. 234, 275, 388, 490), some asserting that the King did 
not intend his Protestant subjects to be disturbed (p. 234). 
The constables, who had not executed distress warrants on 
Nonconformists long ago convicted, pretending they could 
not get into their houses, on Mr. Bower threatening to 
prosecute them for neglecting their duty, went to Mr. 
Sheldrick's, a Nonconformist minister, who had been fined 
20/., and, when he denied them entrtmce, broke in and took a 
distress, after which he paid the 20^. (p. 18). In Februflry the 
Bishop of Norwich ordered an inquiry of the numbers in the 
town qualified to receive Holy Gimmunion, of the nximbers 
of resident Popish Recusants and of the numbers of other 
Dissenters. To the first two the inquirers agreed, but as to 
the last they feared, if they made the Dissenters as great as 
they were, they might discourage his Majesty from attempting 
to reform them. Bower was of opinion that the number of 
communicants did not exceed 600, and was certain there 
were not a hundred Dissenters in what they termed church 
fellowship, so that the grand number were the profane and 
unstable who were ready to side with anything tending to an 
unsettlement in Church or State. Those faithful at Yar- 
mouth to Church and King were pleased at the report of the 
intended removal of Irf)rd Townshend from the Lord 
Lieutenancy of Norfolk, as they considered he had always 
discouraged them and encouraged the Nonconformists (pp. 
668, 668). 



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xs PREFACE. 

The Quakers petitioned the Kii^ and Parliament that no 
penalty should be inflicted for religion and conscience, showing 
that the Acts of Allegiance and Supremacy were made against 
popish Recusants and others who could swear, which Quakers 
beiug unable to do, many of them had been cast into prison 
and kept there 10 or 12 years, and some had even died there 
(p. 90). 

At Rochester and Deal " the heathen-like Quakers " 
insisted on opening their shops on 31 Jan., on which the 
martyrdom of Charles I. was observed, the 30th being a Sunday, 
but they were closed by the anthorities (p. 530). 

Six days before the prorogation in November leave was 
given to the Duke of Buckingham to bring in a bill for the 
ejise of Protestant Dissenters {p. 404). 

In January Col. Danvers, who had been preaching about 
the country (p. 419), was committed to the Tower for treason- 
able practices (p. 516). 

In consequence of the King's recent orders the Judges had 
not, Lord Aston believed, left one Roman CathoUc unindicted 
in Staffordshire ; nay, the grand jury had presented persons 
who were absent from England as suspected Papists and even 
Lord Aston himself had been indicted (p. 87). In view of 
the expected dissolution, efforts were made to persuade the 
Roman Catholics that it was not the Protestant party but the 
Episcopal Prelaticai party in the House of Commons that was 
the cause of the rigorous enforcement of the laws against 
them, and others suggested that they should petition the House 
of Commons for rehef (p. 87). There was an idle report of a 
plot by the Roman Catholics against the Parliament sliortly 
before their meeting in April {pp. 54, 55, 61). 

In November M. de Lnzancy, a converted sub-deacon, 
told a strange story, how St. Germain, a Jesuit, a French 
priest who was preacher to the Duchess of York, with 
another man had entered his lodgings and forced him by 
threats of instant death to promise to leave England. He 
delayed complaining of this outrage in hopes of recovering a 



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PBEFACE. xxi 

paper he had copied and signed, and given to St. Germain, as 
he alleged under compulsion, containing a recantation of ail he 
had said or done, since he came to England and professing his 
desire to return to the Boman Catholic religion (pp. 389-393). 
On 5 November a warrant was issued for St. Germain's arrest, 
and, when he could not be found, circular letters were sent to 
all ontports, ordering search to be made for him among 
the passengers going abroeid and that he should be committed, 
if found, to safe custody (p. 393), but he appears to have 
escaped abroad. St. Grennain in one of his conversations with 
de Luzancy declared (truly) that the King was a Roman 
Catholic at heart, that they were working to re-establish 
liberty of conscience, and, were that done, England would 
recognize the Pope in two years. Though Parliament made 
a noise, it was a wave that piust be let go by. He added there 
were Jesuits in England who did not appear, but carried on 
important business (p. 391). 

Five letters from Dr. Wallis at Oxford (pp. 67, 148, 
150, 152, 205) relate to the power of the University to 
license taverns, which appears to have been contested by the 
Duke of York's commissioners. A letter from Dr. Ffil 
(p. 149) describes the reception by the University of the Duke 
of Neuburg's son, on whom the degree of D.C.L was con- 
ferred. Permission to exercise the Royal Oak lottery during 
the Act was requested and supported by the Chancellor and 
Sir J. Williamson (p. 194). 

Dr. Hyde, the Librarian, mentioned that after nine years' 
hard labour he had finished and published the catalogue of 
the printed books in the University Library, and in reply to 
Williamson's suggestion that he should make a catalogue of 
the MSS. appealed to him whether he could not spend the 
time better in doing some things in his Eastern way of 
learning. His projects were to translate the History of 
Timur or Tamerlane, to make a more exact Persian grammar 
and dictionary, to give a good history of the Persian kings 
out of their own authors, to translate from the Arabic the 
Geography of Abulpheda and to illostrate certain passages 



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Xxii PREFACE. 

of Scripture. He enclosed as specimens two pages of an 
Arabic and of a Persian History of Timour with a Latin 
translation and of the first ode of Hafiz with a Latin transla- 
tion (p. 294). 

A father wrote that at an election at All Souls' his son had 
12 votes, the number of Fellows being 27, and a kinsman 
of the warden's wife three, which was more than anyone else 
had. The next day the writer's sou had 16, so that the other 
could have had no more than 12, yet the latter had the 
Fellowship given bim by the Warden (p. 419). 

Nothing of interest about the University of Cambridge 
occurs in this volume, except the election in obedience to a 
King's letter of Sir Thomas Page to be Provost of King's in 
place of Dr. Fleetwood (p. 244). 

Though England was at peace, the seas swarmed with 
French and Spanish privateers, who continually plundered 
English ships and maltreated their crews. Such outrages 
were too numerous to be noticed in detail, but a few 
will be mentioned as specimens. A small Ostend man-of-war 
hoarded a vessel of l/x>e from Morlaix, stripped the crew and 
passengers stark naked ajid took from them all their money 
and articles to the value of 100/. in all (p. 4).^ An Ostend 
caper off Rye poured a volley of small shot into a fishing boat 
of the town, and broke the arm of one of the crew so that his 
recovery was in doubt (p. 77). A Biscay caper tortured the 
master and meu of a Falmouth ship by putting burning 
matohes between their fingers anil gave the master several 
hundred blows to make them confess they belonged to the 
French and took what small things they had on board and all 
their clothes and some of their provisions {p. 166). 

French men-of-war had the audacity to capture and carry oft' 
a Dutch ship moored in Torbay within musket shot of the 
shore (pp. 45, 60, 117) and she was condemned as prize in 
France (p. 400). 

Later in the year another ship said to be of London, bound 
from Ostend to Bilbao, was cairied out of Torbay by a French 



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privateer ; on board her was the widow of the late Governor of 
Ostend with all her jewels and wealth (p. 400). 

Several passages relate to the English demand that foreign 
ships should strike their flag. Six French ships refusal to 
strike to the Cambridge, and when shot at returned the fire. 
They outsailed the Cartridge, which was no match for 
them (pp. 133, 134). Ronquillo, the Spanish ambassador, 
was congratulated by many on this occurrence (p. 143). A 
Whitby ship was shot at by a Dutch caper for not striking, 
and in addition the master was compelled to pay for every shot 
fired, and was beaten and abused for saying he ought not to 
strike lo any but the King's own frigates (p. 135). A French 
privateer refused to strike to the Garland (p. 151), but being 
forced to run into Dover ^vas stayed there for his contempt 
{p. 154). 'ihe most serious case was that of Capt. Harris, 
commander of the Quaker ketch, who was convicted by a 
court martial of having lowered his topsail to a Spanish man- 
of-war in the Bay of Biscay, and was sentenced to be shot for 
striking to a foreigner in the King's seas (p. 546) but he was 
reprieved {p. 656) and ultimately pardoned (p. 578). 

The Algerines were willing to keep the peace with England 
but were unable to prevent Sallee men of-war coming into 
Algerine ports with their prizes (p. 13). An instance of this 
is mentioned on p. 407. The only English ships molested 
by them were either bound for a Dutch port (p. 291) or 
suspected to have Dutch goods on board (p. 450). A procla- 
mation was issued in December forbidding Enghshmen to 
serve on vessels of foreigners at war with Algiers, and declaring 
that, if any such were taken, the King would not require their 
release (p. 468). There was a report that the Dutch were 
trying to make peace with the Algerines and to induce them 
to break with England, but to this they were not incUned 
(p. 463). Sir John Narbrough who had been empowered in 
October, 1674, to treat with Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli, 
procured the release of all the English slaves at Algiers, 
except reuegadoes, to the number of 450, 150 of whom 
returned home in March (p. 12). On p. 424 will be found 



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xxiv PREFACE. 

a narrative of the adYentures of John Hart, a Dorsetshire 
man. who had been taken and enslaved at Algiers in 1667, 
who had aftenvards been taken to Candia and Smyrna, where 
he was ransomed, and had visited among other places 
Constantiue, Biskra and Constantinople. From Algiers 
Narbrough proceeded to Tunis to negotiate (p. 13). As 
Tripoli resisted (p. 122), reinforcements were sent to Nar- 
brough (p. 216), who early in September burnt seven of their 
ships in harbour (pp. 319, 439) and the terms of peace then 
offered by Tripoli were accepted by England (p. 615). 

Two patents were granted for raising or pumping water 
(pp 16, 408, 412), and the first instrument included also a 
patent for a new art of tingeing stuffs by way of iminression. 
Patents were granted both in England and Ireland for im- 
provements in beehives which, it was alleged, would free the 
bees from the inconveoiencies of swarming (pp. 57, 60, 322). 
Patents vrere granted for watches invented by Christian 
Huygens (p. 88), for crystalline glasses (p. 139), for an 
in\-ention for buoying up ships and the easier landing and 
lading of goods (p. 203), for turning corrupted or salt water 
into fresh (p. 314) and for diffusing light by foiled glass 
poUshed (p. 635). 

Patents were requested for a new invention of coaches, 
with two wheels, which, it was claimed, could not overturn. 
Some, it was said, could be made with one wheel, which 
would pass where a horse could (pp, 93, 321). 

Amongst miscellaneous notices the following appear of 
interest. 

In March the officers of the Ordnance were ordered to pay 
a salary of 100/. per annum to John Flamsted, the King's 
Astronomical Observator, who was to apply liimself to the 
rectifying of the tables of the motions of the heavens and the 
places of the fixed stars so as to find out the so much desired 
longitude of places for perfecting the art of navigation (p. 7). 
and in June a warrant was issued to Sir T. Chicheley, Master 
General of the Ordnance, for building a small observatory on 



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PREFACE. sxv 

the highest groimd in Oreenwich Park near where the Castle 
stood with lodging rooms for the observator and assistant 
according to the plan to be given him by Sir Christopher 
Wren, the expense to be paid out of the moneys received 
for old and decayed powder ordered to be sold, with a proviso 
that the whole expense should not exceed bOQl. (p. 173). 

At St. Columb in Cornwall early in March the church was 
blown up, only the tower being left standing. The pulpit, 
however, was uninjured and the King's arms fell flat on the 
church Bible, so both were preserved. The damage was 
estimated at over 2,000/. The cause of the accident was that 
some cbildreu got access to three barrels of powder that were 
kei)t in the church for the jiarish store, while the church was 
being rei)aired and the masons were at their dinner, and 
amused themselves with making poppers with the powder. 
At last three small boys set the whole on fire and blew up 
themselves and the church (pp. 12, 13, 19). 

In the same neighbourhood at a great meeting of Quakers 
the floor gave way, but, though many were much bruised, no 
one was seriously hnrt (p. 23). 

[n March the Exeter carrier on his return from London 
was robbed of 770/. near Milbume between Dorchester and 
Blandford (p. 20). A coachman, supposed to be one of the 
robbers, was tried at the summer assizes, but was acquitted 
(p. 219). 

Daniel Elzevir, the printer and publisher, had bought the 
manuscript of Grotius De Veritate Heligionis VhristiaiKB and 
bad been publishing the work for 20 years. The book was 
pirated by one Webb, a bookseller at Oxford, whose widow 
sold any right she might have to the Curators of the Press for 
6i. The Curafors in contemplation of a new edition caused a 
bale coDtaiuing 2,000 copies sent over by Elzevir to a book* 
seller in London to be stopped at the Custom house, but on 
Elzevir's application to Dr. Fell and to Williamson they were 
released (pp. 22, 36, 37). 



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A letter irom Northumberland complained of the distress in 
that county caused by the action of forestallers and regraters in 
buying up com either for exportation or for keeping till 
there was a scarcity and then retaiUng it at high prices 
(p. 25). From parts of the country as far apart as Cornwall 
and Yorkshire there were complaints that in consequence of 
the bounty of 5^. a quarter on corn exported great quantities 
were bought up for exportation and that the price had risen 
considerably in consequence, which, though good for farmers, 
was very hard on the townspeople and the poor, besides the 
cost to the revenue (pp. 377, 379, 403, 433). 

At Weymouth a boy of 1 5, the son of a Nonconformist, 
was baptized in church, and given the name of Mice, as he 
was baptized on the day appointed for an annual sermon by 
Sir Samuel Mico, a benefactor to the town (p. 40). 

Dr. Grew was recommended for a professorship at Gresham 
College, on account of his services to the Royal Society, 
besides hia other qualifications (p. 40). A defence of the 
Eoyal Society "against a hectoring writer" is mentioned on 
p. 21. 

Dr. Cudworth, Master of Christ's College, the well-known 
philosopher, applied to Williamson for his interest in procur- 
ing him the rectory of Northchurch in Hertfordshire, stating 
that he held no church dignity and no living except the 
vicarage of Ashwell, which was of small value and which he 
would willingly resign (p. 42). 

On Thursday, 25 March, about 2 in the morning the Mary 
yacht, which had lef^ Dublin the day before, struck on a rock 
near the Skerries, a small island eastward of Holyhead Bay. 
The rock was so near the shore that the mast touched tfae 
land, by means of which those who were saved escaped. The 
Earl ot Meath was drowned and also about 34 more, among 
them the captain, boatswain and two sailors. The master and 
23 seamen and 15 passengers escaped to the isle. Among 
them were Lord Ardglass and Lord Ardee, the Earl of 
Meath's heir. Those saved were on the island till Saturday 



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afternoon, when they were taken off by a Wicklow veBsel and 
bronght to Beaumaris. By a flask of gunpowder they struck 
fire with a steel and roasted some mutton, but they had 
nothing else to eat and nothing to drink but seawater till a 
runlet of usquebaugh came ashore (pp. 43, 46). 

At Hastings Titus Oates (spelt Otes) made his first 
appearance, characteristically as an informer (p. 68) 

On p. 72 is mentioned a maker of Caudebecs, which were 
a sort of French hat. 

Anthony Wood, the antiquary, was recommended by. Dr. 
Fell for the place of nnder-keeper of the records, which was 
expected to become vacant (p. 121), hut did not obtain it. 

Payne Fisher sent Williamson a copy of a poem from the 
Fleet, where he had been confined for debt since July, 1673. 
In consequence of his poverty and frequent sickness he had 
paid neither Ms commitment fee nor his chamber rent since 
his commitment (pp. 142, 143). 

Thomas Smith, Fellow of Magdalen, presented a small 
discourse to Williamson, to whom he intended to dedicate 
the Account of the present state of ike Oreek Church, on 
which he was engaged (p. 187). 

The foundation of the nortli pier at Dover being under- 
mined an old vessel filled with beach was to be placed to fill 
up the breach, but was sunk so unskilfully as to lie athwart 
the channel, preventing any ship from entering or leaving the 
harbour (p. 188). 

An idiot hoy of Falmouth escaped from his mother's 
house at night, got into a boat and was driven out to sea. He 
was miraculously picked up five days afterwards off the 
Ham Head (p. 209). 

The loyal and indigent officers claimed the right to the 
Indian Qame and Twirling Board as a lottery granted them 
by their patents against the Groom Porter and the Master of 
Kevels, who asserted it was a game. The dispute was decided 
in fiivonr of the officers (pp. 211, 314). 



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xxTiii MtEFAOB. 

The Trini^ Htiiise of Deptfonl and those of IJover, Bull 
and Newcastle expressed their opinion that the Ughthouses 
proposed by Sir John Cla;toQ on Flamborough Head, 
Cromer, FoiUness, St. Nicholas Gatt and Fern Island 
would foe not only useless but prejudicial to navigation 
(p. 261). 

In August the Bishop of Durham as Lord Lieutenant of the 
county palatine had a general muster of all the train band 
forces of the county where there was a very great appearance of 
all the gentry of the county. He caused all the forces to 
march orderly into the city, riding himself at the head of 
them accompanied by his deputy lieutenants (p. 266). 

An engine brought down from London to deepen the 
harbour at Yarmouth was almost finished, but some of the 
partners refused to stand by their contract with the town, 
alleging they must be losers by it and insisted on a new 
contract being made before beginning the work (p. 275). 
The reception of Lord Yarmouth on Michaelmas Day at 
Yarmouth, of which he had been chosen High Steward, is 
described on p. 323. 

At Plymouth a father, mother and daughter were poisoned 
by a servant woman and a girl. The women died and the 
man was not expected to recover (p. 283). The next volume 
contains an account of the execution of the two criminals. 
The woman was hung and the girl was burnt alive. 

On pp. 300, 361 are warrants for making various alterations 
at Windsor Castle. The sum of 20,000/. reserved out of 
the new farm of the Irish revenue was to be employed on the 
buildings there (p. 515). Stone for the new buildings was to 
be procured from Frimley (p. 542). 

On Monday, 20 September, almost the whole of North- 
Euupton, including All Hallows Church, was burnt Of 840 
honses, it was thought not 140 were left standing. The loss 
wasestunated to exceed 200,000;. (pp. 302, 305, 310). On 
Saturday a great meeting of the nobility and gentry of the 
county was held in the Town Hall, at which subscriptions were 



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opened for the relief of the poor and for rebuilding the town, 
and certain proposals were agreed on (p. 318). The quarter 
sessions petitioned the King for his charity towards the restora- 
tion of the town (p. 327) and the one public Act passed in the 
autumn session was "for the better and more easy rebuilding 
of the town" {p. 411). The Mayor, Aldenneu and inhabitants 
petitioned the King in February for a gift of 2,000 tons of 
timber from Salcey and Whittlewood Forests towards re- 
building, and for so much of the month's tax in that county as 
was not yet returned and also for the excise and hearth money 
arising out of the town for a short term {p. 569). The Lord 
Treasurer reported that not so much timber as 2,000 tons 
could be spared out of the forests, but recommended a gift of 
300 to begin with, that the Lord Lieutenant and the gentlemen 
of the county be recommended to dispose of the balance of 
the militia money towards rebuilding, that as to the hearth 
money he conceived them to be in the same necessity 
of his Majesty's grace as the City of I»ndon, where it 
was remitted for 7 years, hut that pardoning the excise 
would be of little advantage to the town, and might create a 
great inconvenience in respect of the contract with the 
farmers of the revenue {p. 682). 

In September a vessel from Havre to St. Sebastian put 
into Falmouth laden with 32 couple of dogs, beagles and 
lurchers, a present for the King of Spain, with 5 men 
attending on them (pp. 293, 320). In December the Marff 
Rose brought over seven horses, one of which died on the 
voyage, as a present to the King from the King of Spain. 
They were disembarked at Deal (pp. 446, 449, 453,. 

On p. 324 is given nn estimate of the annual expense. 
The total amounted to 1,362,770^. The heaviest items were 
for the Navy 340,000f., and for forces and castles 212,000^. 
Ordnance attributable to both these heads was 60,000/. 
'Ilie Household, Privy Purse and other expenses of the King 
and Court came to 242,500^. 

On 20 September works were begun for making the Avon 
navigable from Ohristchurch to Salisbury. The Bishop with 



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the Mayor and divers persons of quality were present and the 
first spit was dug by the Bishop. 'I'he work had been under- 
taken by Samuel Fertre, one of the King's servants (p. 331). 

It wa? proposed to make the Derwent navigable from 
Derby to the Trent. Reasons for and against the design 
will be found on p. 389. 

The murderers of Sir Richard Sandford were to be executed 
in Fleet Street over against Whitefriars, where the murder 
was committed, and to be hung up in chains there (p. 362). 

In October, in lieu of the pension of 100/. a year granted 
in 1672 to Capt. John Cassells and Rose, his wife, for their 
lives and the life of the survivor, a pension of 200/. a year 
was granted to Rose Cassells, her husband having been slain 
at sea. From an entry iu the Calendar of S.P. Dom., 
1694-5, p. 14.4, it appears ihat this Hose Cassells was 
Nell Gwynn's sister, and that she afterwards married a 
Mr. Forster. 

On 23 October there was a great storm accompanied by a 
very high tide at Harwich and Deal, streets being flooded in 
both places (p. 362). 'ITie same storm caused most destruc- 
tive inundations in Holland. Much of North Holland, it 
was said, was under water, and from the suddenness of the 
storm many people were drowned (pp. 367, 377, 379). A 
month later there was a still higher tide at Harwich (p. 42S). 

'I'homas Burnett, a Fellow of Christ's, afterwards author of 
the Theory of the Earth, was granted a dispensation for non- 
residence for two years, as he was going abroad as governor 
to the Earl of Wiltshire (p. 368). 

Dr. Isaac A'^ossius requested permission to remove his 
library furniture to a smaller vessel that it might be conveyed 
to Windsor (p. 384). 

In November three women of Newcastle who had gone to 
Londou with their children to be touched for the evil were 
shipwrecked. They were put into a boat with an old man 
and a boy and were four days at sea before they got to land 
near Harlingen in Holland. One of them had a young 



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child that died when they came in sight of land, and they 
were forced to leave two children on board, of whom one was 
alive. The rest of the company got ou board a caper. The 
old man and boy were left in Holland, as they were not in a 
condition to come away, for the boy's toes were so perished 
that they had to be cut off (p. 410). 

On 17-27 November parhelia and haloes were seen at 
Bordeaux from 10 to 2. Among the papers are diagrams of 
this phenomenon (pp. 405, 423, 433). 

A warrant was issued probably in November for the 
incorporation of the Walloon weavers in and about Canter- 
bury with the powers tisual in sncb grants on their petition 
which stated that there were nearly 2,500 of them, and that 
they used divers orders and ordinances approved by the 
justices of Kent and Canterbury, but that of late many 
refractory persons had refused to conform to the same to the 
utter ruin of their manufactures (p. 426). 

On p. 456 is given an accoimt of the value of all the gold 
and silver coined at the Mint from 20 December, 1648, 
to 21 December, 1675. 

Warrants were issued for seizing a book which maintained 
the lawfulness of polygamy (pp. 502, 516). 

In January a Court of Loadsmanage was held in St. 
James' Church, Dover, before the Governor of the Castle. 
The Court was held for choosing pilots and for taking 
cognizance of offences committed by or against them (p. 523). 

A fine was returned to an inhabitant of Canterbury who 
had been convicted for taking part in " a riding, commonly 
called Skimingtou " there (p. 531). 

Copyright was granted for 20 years to Robert Scott, book- 
seller, in a complete Latin edition of the works of Selden, 
which he was intending to publish, for which the worlw 
written in ICnglish were to be translated (p. 542). 

A father who had obtained a letter in favour of hia son for 
a scholarship at Westminster School complained it had not 

13403 C 



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taken the desired effect being "to such a morose person as 
Dr. Busby was ever known to be " (p. 670). 

Onaccountofthescarcity of booksinthe British (i.«. Welsh) 
language Thomas Dawkes was appointed King's printer for 
that language (p. 575). 

James Percy, claimant of the title and estates of the late 
Earl of Northumberland, complained to the House of 
Commons that the proceedings in ejectment he had brought 
against the trustee of Lady Clifford had been stayed by an 
order of the House of Lords during the privilege of Parlia- 
ment (p. 587). 

The present volume includes fewer notices of Irish affairs 
than usual. In April directions were sent to the Lord 
Lieutenant that on account of the unwillingness of corporations 
to surrender their charters, if he and the Council found any 
existing privileges unfit to be continued, he was to oblige such 
corporations by an instrument to surrender such privileges 
only, which surrender was to be noticed in the confirmation 
of their other privileges. It' was left to the discretion of 
himself and the Council whether the benefit of fines, &c., was 
to be reassumed by the Crown, as by such reassumption Cork 
and some other towns would lose their whole income, and he 
and the Council were authorized to grant the corporations 
whose trade has considerably increased, such as Belfast, such 
additional privileges as they should judge most advantageous to 
their trade (p. 50). 

On pp. 101-106 will be found papers setting forth at great 
length the claim of William Eyre to the estate of Shillelagh 
which formerly belonged to Calcot Chambre. The interest 
of this case hes in the allegations against the Earl of 
Straffiird, who was charged with getting the estate into the 
hands of himself and his agents by various acts of chicanery 
and oppression. 

In June a proclamation was issued withdrawing all protec- 
tions from Tories aod ordering proceedings to be taken 
a^inst all reliei-ers and harbourers of them (p. 160) and 



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another in July charging all good subjects to assist in- taking 
and killing all notorious thieves found robbing or breaking 
houses and ordering the sheriffs to leyy money for rewards to 
those who should take or kill such thieves (p. 204). 

In October new trustees were appointed for managii^ the 
security of the '49 officers (p. 364), who commenced their 
sittings in February (p. 449). The security in question 
consisted of all the forfeited lands undisposed of in Wicklow, 
Longford, Leitrim and Donegal, the forfeited honses in towns 
and corporations and lands belonging thereto, the beneiit 
from the redemption of mortgages, &c., and one year's rent 
payable by the officers and soldiers put in the Act. The 
£rst two branches consisting of the lands and houses had 
already been disposed of (p. 182), and only is. Id. in the 
pound of the officers' arrears had hitherto been received 
(p. 170), 

The Lord Lieutenant came over early in July (p. 207) and 
remained in England durii^ the rest of the period included 
in this volume. The object of his visit was to give advice 
about Irish affiiirs and especially about holding a parhament, 
which the King was then intending to do {p. 180). The 
Archbishop of DubUn and Sir Arthur Forbes were appointed 
Lords Justices (p. 180). The latter was created Viscount 
Q-ranard in August (p. 280). Each of the Lords Justices 
received 100?. a month {p. 530). 

In July a grant was issued of markets and fairs at New 
Stapleton alias Skibbereen (p. 227). The old name has since 
completely superseded the new one notwithstanding the 
provisions of the last clause of the Act of Explanation, which 
was that " His Majesty taking notice of the barbarous and 
uncouth names by which most of the towns and places in 

. . . Ireland are called, which hath occasioned much 
damage to divers of his good subjects and are very troublesome 
in the use diereof and much retards the reformation of 
that kingdom ... is pleased that it be enacted . . . 
tlmt the lord lieutenant and council shall and may advise of. 



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settle and direct in the passing of all letters patent . . . 
for the future, how new and proper names more suitable to the 
English tongue may be inserted with an alias for all towns, 
lands and places . . . that shall be granted by letters 
patents, which new names shall henceforth be the only names 
to be used." 

To remedy the scarcity of coin complained of in previous 
volumes a proclamation was issued forbidding the exportation 
of coin or bullion without hcence (p. 231). 

In September rules and instructions were issued that no 
grants of lands or money and no abatements of rents or other 
sums due to the Crown were to be made without the concur- 
rence of the Lord Lieutenant and the Lord Treasurer of 
Ei^tand, and, if the revenue should be insufficient, no 
pensions were to be paid till the Civil and Military Lists were 
paid (p. 307). 

A commission was ordered to be issued to determine the 
claims of all transplanted persons in Connaught and Clare 
touching the decrees they had or the lands set out to them in 
lieu of their former estates and to inquire of all lands forfeited 
to the Crown in the said province and county and to dispose 
of such forfeited lands as should be in the King's disposal 
towards the satisfaction and reprizal of such transplanted 
interests as remained unsatisfied. Provisions were added in 
favour of transplanted persons, who had been too late in 
claiming to have their innocence estabhshed, whereby they 
might have been restored to their ancient estates (p. 307). 

The case of the 54 persons commonly called Nominees was 
considered before the Committee for Irish Afiairs in July, and 
there are notes by Williamson of the proceedings there 
(pp. 228, 241). They complained that though they were by 
the Acts of Settlement and Explanation to be restored to their 
ancient estates, they had received no benefit, except that they 
had been lately preferred to the tenancy of the lands held by 
cimtodium, the greatest part of which was mountainous and 
barren, and yet they were chai^fed at so great a rent, that they 



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would receive but little relief thereby. 'ITiey petitioned that 
they might be restored to the 2,000 acres each intended to be 
restored to them, and now in possession of Adventurers, 
Soldiers and others, who should be reprized out of the said 
lands in custodium and all other lands in the King's disposal 
under the said Acts, and that for their present relief the rent 
of the said custodium lands in excess of the yearly quit-rents 
m^ht be remitted. I'he committee advised that the rents 
should be abated as prayed and the custodium and other 
undisposed of lands should be granted to the Nominees towards 
reprizing the persons in possession of the estates to which they 
were to be restored, if that could be legally done, and, if it 
could not, that the said undisposed of lands should be 
proportionably divided among the Nominees in satisfaction of 
the lands and principal houses to which they were to have been 
restored and that inquiry should first be made as to what each 
Nominee had been actually restored to. The King agreed 
with the above report and ordered the Lord Lieutenant to 
execute the same, in such manner as the thing would bear 
(p. 385). 

The obstacle to restoring the Nominees to the lands that 
formerly belonged to each was that, though the lands were 
decreed to Adventurers with a reserve of the Nominees* right, 
yet such right was to be asserted within a certain time, which 
had now elapsed, whereby in the Lord Keeper's opinion the 
decrees had become absolute. 'Ihe Lord Lieutenant recom- 
mended that a test case should be tried agjiinst an Adventurer 
possessed of such lands. On the whole there was a deficiency 
of 42,000 acres due to the Nominees, while some had more 
than the Act allotted to them, yet might not have the very 
houses and lands assigned them by the Act (p. 228). 

A commission was ordered to be issued to the Lord 
Lieutenant and four of the Privy Council to examine the 
values of all lands on which the quit-rents fixed by the rules 
of the Act of Explanation exceeded or nearly equalled the values 
thereof and to cause such abatements of ihe said quit-rents 
and of the arrears thereof to be made as they should think fit. 



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Xxxvi PREFACE. 

provided that their powers should not extend to the abatement 
of quit-rents due out of lands of the yearly value per Irish 
acres of 12d. ia Leinster, 9d. in Muuster, 8(2. in Ulster or 6(2. 
in Connaught, nor to the abatement of more than 4,0001. per 
annum on the whole of the quit-rents (p. 429). 

Alderman Patience Ward suggested a restraint on the 
manufacture of wool in Ireland for exportation, as England 
produced double as much as would supply the whole world 
they traded with, and the present attempts of Ireland on 
manufactures belonging by prescription and possession to 
English counties would ruin the manufactures in both 
countries and breed animosities between them. As a com* 
pensation he recommended that the manufacture of hemp and 
flax in Ireland should be en(X)uraged and sug^sted that a con- 
siderable duty should be laid on alt sorts of maniifactures of 
hemp and flax, capable of being manufactured in Ireland, with 
on allowance out of it to everyone that sowed hemp or flax or 
manufactured it in Ireland (p. 276). 

A correspondent from Chester mentioned that the prohibi- 
tion of the exportation of cattle to England was putting people 
in Ireland on inquiries to supply that defect by commerce with 
other coimtries (p. 397). 

The contract with Lord Ranelagh and his partners for the 
management of the Irish flnances expired at Christmas, 1675. 
On 8 December they obtained a warrant allowing them a 
further 12 months from 25 December, 1675, for dischai:^;ing 
so much of the arrears on the establishment unpaid on 
25 December, 1670, which they were to have dischai^ed 
before Christmas 1675, and which remained unpaid. This 
was granted them on the ground of the great remittals and 
abatements out of the funds assigned them by their contract 
(p. 436). 

In January they petitioned alleging that in consequence of 
the funds assigned to them being lessened, extinguished or 
diverted by bis Majesty's acts, they were entitled to tm 
abatement of over 100,000/., and praying that on their 



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releasing their demands on that account to ttie amomrt of 
90,000;. they should be released from payment of 80,00(tf. to 
the King, of 6,000/. to Col. Lane's daughters, and of 4,000Z. 
for the purchase of the customs of Londonderry, which three 
sums they were obliged by their contract to pay (p. 501). 

A new farm of the revenue was made for seven years from 
Christmas, 1675, to Sir James Shaen, Sir William Petty and 
ten others {pp. 442, 454). On p, 480 will be found notes by 
Williamson on the terms of the contract agreed on with ihe 
new formers and also on the amoimt of various items of the 
revenue. The following notes by him are of probably a 
somewhat later date, as they refer to the Military, Civil and 
Pension lists to commence from 25 March, 1675-6, which are 
calendared in the next volume. 

The Duke of Monmouth petitioned for a grant of the 
reversions on certain leases in Ireland which were held from 
the Crown, and the Lord Lieutenant and the Lord Treasurer 
reported in fevoiu-xif granting his request (pp. 497, 498). 

In Scotland many of the advocates who had been debarred 
were re-admitted on their submission, and the others were 
to be re-admitted if they submitted before 10 Jan., 1676. 
Letters referring to this business will be found on pp. 45, 
49, 86, 188, 443. 

The Acts against conventicles which bad been passed in 
1670 for three years, and had been continued in 1673 for 
three years more, were continued for a fiuiiier period of three 
years (p. 233). 

In July instructions were sent to the Archbishop of St. 
Andrews to be commxmicated to the Archbishop of Glasgow 
and the other bishops, who were commanded to use their 
utmost endeavours for suppressing Popery and Separation, and 
to take care that none be permitted to teach or to be chaplains 
in families but such as they shall find cause to be licentiate 
according to the Acts of Parliament and the Council. The 
bishops were to reside in their dioceses and those presbyters, 
who at the late Synod of Edinbui^h dissented from the 



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Bishop's censuring some factious ministers, were to be sus- 
pended and, if necessary, deposed from the ministry (pp. 236- 
238). 

The case of the Bishop of Dunblane was referred to the 
Archbishops and certain of the Bishops (p. 239) and on their 
reporting his declarations about his former behaviour and 
bis engagement that his future deportment should be with all 
becoming duty find faithfulness to the King, the orders given 
in ] 674 for his translation to the Bishopric of the Isles were 
recalled and he was restored to his former see (p. 488). At 
the same time the restraints put on the ministers Turner, 
Robertson, Cant and Hamilton were removed on their dutiful 
and submissive address for their restoration (p. 488). 

In June the King wrote to the Privy Council that he was 
informed that more effects of the seditious spirit in Scotland 
were breaking out afresh, that particularly a party of the 
forces had been deforced by a riotous assembly near the house 
of Cardross and a servant of Lord Cardros^ had been rescued, 
and that in other places, especially in Teviotdale and East 
Lothian, many numerous and disorderly communions bad been 
kept by indulged ministers, and that in Ayr there had lately 
been a meeting of indulged and outed ministers, who had 
issued orders for keeping fasts and other illegal injunctions. 
He exhorted the Council to examine thoroughly those and all 
similar disorders and to apply fitting remedies. They were 
also to enquire after the spreaders of false news (p. 161). 

Lord Cardross was set at liberty in February on condition 
of giving security for his good behaviour and paying the fine 
of 1,000^. imposed on him by the Privy Council (p. 576), 
which had been granted to the Earls of Moray and Kinghom 
(p. 265). At the same time Sur Patrick Home of Polwarth, 
who had been committed in September to Stirling Castle for 
his insolent carriage in affronting the Privy Council {p. 327), 
was released, but was declared incapable of all public trust, 
and Lieutenant-Gencral William Dmmmond was also 
released. 



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PREFACE. sxxix 

The King's satisfaction was expressed at the disclaimer by 
St. Andrews of the concurrence of their Commissioner to the 
Convention of Burrowes at Edinburgh in the insolent letter to 
his Majesty (p. 59). 

In August the stop on the election of magistrates at Edin- 
burgh was remoTed and an election was ordered to be held 
immediately, the persons elected to hold office till the next 
election at the ordinary time, viz., the Tuesday after Michael- 
mas (p. 247). As, however, this concession failed to appease 
a party in the town Council, a drastic purge was ordered by 
the removal of the Defui of Guild, the Treasurer and eight 
other members, and the remaining thirteen were to co-opt 
members in their place {p. 272). 

The Michaelmas elections were held according to the 
rules, at which the King expressed his satisfaction (p. 364). 

A defalcation of 7,000/. sterling was allowed to (he tacks- 
men of the customs for the first two years of their tack and 
they were allowed to surrender the remaining three years of 
it (p. 224). 

In December on account of the state of the revenue it was 
found necessary to disband the three troops of horse and 
Major-General Monro's regiment, which had been added to 
the establishment in September, 1674 (p. 459). 

In .May permission was given to the Duke and Duchess of 
Buccleugh and Monmouth on account of the destruction of 
their tenants' cattle in the extraordinary storm of the previous 
year to import from Ireland not exceeding 200 horses and 
4,800 cattle to restock the lands (p. 116). 

In the same month a tack was granted at the rent of 
36,000 marks per annum to Capt. Andrew Dick of the rents 
of Orkney and Zetland, which were mostly paid in kind, 
consisting of victual, butter and oil, and he was appointed 
steward and justiciar, while be should be tacksman (pp. 130, 
131). 

Several orders were issued for carrying on the repairs of 
Holyrood House (pp. 224, 297, 459). In February the 



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xl PREFACE. 

Treasury Commissioners were authorized to advance 
4,374^. 3j. 4(?. sterling, the snm estimated by them as required 
for finishing the works, levelling the gardens, gravel and grass 
works, and bringing in water. They were to cause the part of 
the west quarter built by the usurpers to be taken down in 
order that the inside of that quarter might be finished in pillar 
work agreeable with the other three quarters, and were to 
consider if it was not fit that the gate be passable for a coach, 
and that the great iron windows in the front be taken away 
and made handsome (p. 569). 

In September a commission was issued to 49 Scots and 54 
English lords and gentlemen to pursue and arrest all 
murderers, robbers, &c., in the Border Counties, as the 
ofienders privately conveyed themselves from one kingdom to 
another, and none was appointed to follow and arrest them 
(p. 325). 

Of the King's gift of 100^. per annum for churches and 
schools in the Isle of Man 18^ was allotted to six schools, 
giving 3/. to each and the balance was applied to raise the 
stipends of eleven parishes to 17?. each, the stipend enjoyed by 
three of the other seventeen parishes of the island, only three, 
namely the archdeaconry and two parishes, having a 
competence (pp. 233, 558). 

The islands of Guernsey and Jersey were in a good con- 
dition (pp. 94, 170, 232, 482). At the latter island incredible 
progress was made with the pier being erected by Sir Thomas 
Morgan at St. Aubin's fort (p. 431). 

Early in March came news of an Indian rising about the 
head of the Potomac (p. 5) and nine months afterwards 
there was another rising {p. 490). In the autumn a much 
more formidable Indian war, headed by King Philip, broke 
out in New England. Many of the chiefs who had formerly 
been at war among themselves united against the English. It 
was said they were assisted by the French with powder an'd 
other supplies. They burnt many villages and towns and 
killed many of the settlers. In particular almost the entice 



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PREFACE. xU 

coiipany of Capt. Lathrop was destroyed io an ambuscade 
(pp. 388, 405, 435, 458, 490). Such Indians as were taken 
were sold as slaves in the West Indies and New Spain 
(p. 405). There was also a great scarcity of provisions in 
Virginia, the crops being destroyed by drought and by 
squirrels that came down from the woods, and most of their 
cattle having died from the severity of the last winter (pp. 81, 
85, 98, 134, 154, 342, 360, 490). The New Englanders took 
admntage of the scarcity to raise the prices of the provisions 
they sent thither (p. 342). 

Jamaica and Barbados were reported to be in a good 
condition (pp. 67, 74, 256, 274), but later in the year a hurri- 
cane in the latter island destroyed many ships, killed many 
people, and blew do^vn many houses, so that a!i sorts of 
provisions became very dear there (pp. 440, 493, 527). 

A. plot for a rising of the slaves iu Barbados was dis- 
covered by a negro woman, who vrds fond of her master and 
mistress. All the ringleaders were hanged, burnt or beheaded, 
and the people there were very vigilant iu finding out the 
negroes concerned and securing themselves for the future 
(pp. 254, 266, 285. 305, 381). Early in July in the same 
island a passenger and two seamen were hung for the murder 
of Capt. Swanley of the Advice. He was a cruel commander, 
much given to drink and in the habit of starving his men, 
who mutinied in consequence (pp. 256, 266, 274). 

In May a commission was issued for the trial of Col. 
Philip Warner, accused of the murder of Thomas Warner, 
deputy governor of Dominica (p. Ill), and in September a 
warrant for his arrest (p. 300). Full particulars of this affair 
will be fonod in the preface to S.P. Col., America, Sec, 
1675-6. 

Vessels from Surinam reported that the place was in a very 
peaceable and thriving condition, that the English and Dutch 
there agreed very well and that there was a very large sngar 
crop (p. 186). 



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xlii PREFACE. 

In November a proclamation was issued prohibiting the 
importation into any of the plantations of any European 
commodities not shipped from England or Wales, as notwith- 
standing the Act for the Encouragement of Trade great 
quantities thereof were imported though not shipped as 
aforesaid, and also putting in execution the Navigation Act, 
the Act for regulating the Plantation Trade and all other laws 
relating to the trade of the plantations (p. 416). 

The Committee for Foreign Plantations in January ordered 
that inquiry should be made at the offices of the two Secre- 
taries for any acts transmitted from the plantations and there 
awaiting his Majesty's pleasure and whether the governors 
had taken the oaths they should have done, viz., the oaths of 
Allegiance and Supremacy, an oath for the execution of their 
office, and the oalh for executing the Navigation Act by 
which they were to return twice a year copies of the bonds 
taken by them, some having sent only a few copies of these 
bonds and many none at all (p. 505). 

In September two vessels from Hudson's Bay arrived at 
Deal. They had been forced to winter there and use up the 
provisions that should have been left there with the new 
governor and the men that were to stay with him, so they 
were obliged to bring them home and leave only four men 
there to keep possession. They found there a French Jesuit, 
a little old man, that endeavoured to convert the Indians and 
to persuade them not to trade with the English, for which 
reason they brought him away to England. They also 
brought two Indians, one of whom died on the passage. The 
other, a very lusty man, was to be presented to Prince Rupert 
(pp. 313, 316, 319). 

A letter from a Robert Wescomb describes the islands of 
Chiloe on the west coast of South America (p. 348), 

In October a proclamation waa issued setting a price on 
the head of Don Philip Hellen alias Fit2gerald. He had 
taken a English ship, the Humility, withm musket shot of the 
Castle of Havana, and had tortured and murdered Timothy 



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PREFACE. xliii 

Stampe, the master, and most of his men, and he and his 
company had afterwards shared the ship and goods between 
them. He had since practised the like barbarous cruelty on 
others of the King's subjects (p. 329). 

It remains to notice briefly the most important pieces of 
foreign news in this volume. 

In March the Prince of Orange fell ill of the smallpox 
(pp. 44, 46, 47). It was said that he was attended only by 
■Sir W. Temple and his wife and sister and by the Duchess of 
Simmem (p. BO). The illness was at first attributed to poison 
(pp. 40, 68) and some persons were said to have been executed 
on suspicion of plotting against him. The Duke of York sent 
over a special messenger with a letter of sympathy {p. 47). 
He was well enough to set out for the Dutch army early in May 
(p. 116). Having joined the Liinenburg forces and the Duke 
of Lorraine he offered battle to the French, which was declined 
(pp. 172, 202). In July the Lord Treasurer wrote to the 
Prince assuring him that he should esteem it his greatest 
happiness if he could do anything worthy of his consideration 
and also not only how earnestly but how affectionately the King 
desired a perfect kindness and confidence between his Highness 
and himself (p. 217). 

Intelligence of the death of Turenne reached England before 
the end of July (pp. 229, 243, 244, 272). It was reported 
that this event had made the French King almost out of his 
wits, that he had thrown himself on bis bed and was in great 
astonishment (p. 263). 

Early in August Marechal de Cr^jui in endeavouring to 
raise the siege of Treves was defeated with great loss (p. 252) 
and the city itself was taken soon afterwards (pp. 282, 287). 

In March the Elector of Brandenburg declared war against 
Sweden (p. 42), which had now been acknowledged by the 
French King as his open and formal ally in the war (p. 29). 
Brandenburg commissions were immediately issued to Zealand 
privateers which preyed on Swedish commerce (pp. 30, 33, 
42, 59, 69, 81). The Elector himself was at the Hague in 



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xliv PREFACE. 

April with a small retinue (p. 85), but left early in May (p. 115), 
Early in July a confused account reached London of the defeat 
of the Swedes at Fehcbellin by the Elector (p. 196), which the 
Swedish Resident tried to minimize (p. 208). War was 
declared also by Holland (pp. 158, 159) and Denmark (p. 163) 
against Sweden. 

Early in March Nimeguen had been accepted by France 
as the place of treaty (p. 29), but it was not till December 
that Sir Leoline Jenkins, one of the plenipotentiaries of 
England as the mediating power, set out from England. 
Interminable delays ensued about passports, the titles to be 
given to the Duke of Lorraine, &c., and the sittings of the 
plenipotentiaries did not begin till much later than the end of 
the period included in this volume. Most of the information 
on this subject is contained in Williamson's notes, which 
are written in a hand even more illegible than ordinary. 
After this volume had gone to press, fair copies of these notes 
were discovered in Foreign Entry Book, No, 179, from which 
numerous corrections have been made in the Errata. 

In the summer risings took place on an extensive scale in 
Brittany, occasioned by the increase of taxes on tobacco and 
other articles (pp. 94, 107, 170, 185). The Due de Chauhies, 
the Governor of the province, endeavouring to appease the 
malcontents was wounded slightly and his Lieut. -Governor 
mortally (pp. 170, 199) and was obliged to take refuge in 
■ Port Ujuis (pp. 226, 232, 252, 253, 270). At Morlaix one of 
the maltotiers or tax gatherers was demanded if he would be of 
the people's side. On his answering No, one knocked out his 
brains with the butt end of a musket, saying Then thou shalt 
be of no side (p. 191). All over the province the tax 
gatherers were killed and many of the gentry (p. 206). 

The numbers of rebels were variously reported to be 10,000 
(pp. 216, 220), 20,000 (p. 191), 30,000 (p. 252), and 40,000 
(pp. 226, 282). Their leaders were masked (pp. 220, 226). 
A reinforcement of 6,000 men was sent to the assistance of 
the Due de Chaulnes (p. 256) on which the mutineers began 



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PREFACE. xlv 

to disperse (pp. 278, 320), and several of their leaders were 
executed by him at Morlaix (p. 320). The Parliament of 
Brittany voted new taxes on tobacco and tin (p. 432), and 
13,000 troops were quartered for the winter in the province, 
which snfferetl much in consequence, no places being exempted 
but St. Malo and Morlaix, which feared their exemption would 
not continue (pp. 432, 486). 

Similar resistance was offered at Bordeaux to the new and 
heavy taxes imposed on them in violation of their privileges 
(pp. 80, l22). In November the town was occupied by 
troops that entered by surprise and suffered great hardships 
from the quartering of the soldiers (pp. 411, 438, 420,422, 
423, 433, 438, 447, 462. 486). The walU were demolished 
and the inhabitantB fined 3,000,000 Ijvres {]>, 431) and the 
Parliament was removed from the town (p. 423). 

English trade with Russia had greatly decayed because the 
Czar had taken away the English privileges and banished the 
English from Moscow, confining them to the non-habitable 
port of Archangel. Two London merchants petitioned, as a 
means of reviving English trade there, that the King should 
write to the Czar requesting they might have the refusal of 
the new farm of caviare, the old one being about to expire 
(p. 241). 

TTie following peculiar words occur in this volume : — 
Loonedrogers or lorendrogers (the word is spelt in boA ways) 
are defined (p. 135) to be Dutch ships consigned to Dutch 
merchants and Dutchmen part of the crew, the master and 
two or three more only English (the word is derived from 
the Dutch lorrendraier, a smu^ler). Ckeanes (chains) or warps 
is what is wound about the beams of the looms, which goes 
through the slea and the ohhs (webbs) is what is wound about 
^ quill and put into the shuttle and shut through the cheane 
and so beaten up in it (p. 375). The Lord Mayor complwned 
that he waa forbidden to grant passes for ships, though every 
little mayor in every cagmag port might (p. S13). Gisptn has 
already been noticed. 

F. H, Blacebobnb Daniell. 

Digitized oyGoOt^Ie 



(llTi) 



EEEATA AND COERIGENDA. 



Page 4, line 14,/or " Middiebnrg " rtad " Middelburg." 
„ 9,2 lines from bottom,/or "Cole" read "Cftle." 
,, 22, 2(X lines from bottom, Jor "Marshall" read " Maek&ll." 
„ 28, 10 lines from bottom,/oi- "J. B." read " T. B[arnefl]." 
„ 30, 10 lines from bottom,/or " Middleburg " read "Middel- 
burg." 
„ 34, 23 lines from bottom, /or " T. B." read "1. B[arnefl]." 
„ 71, line 9,Jor"p," read "/-" 
„ 78, line9,/or"T. B."r*'ad"T. BLames]." 
„ 96, line 22,/ot- " T. B." read " T. B[ame8]." 
„ 110, 15 lines from bottom, /or "p." read "/." 
„ 113, line 5, for " T. B." read " T. B[arne8]." 
„ 121, line 6,/or "J. B." read " T. B[amea]." 
„ 140, line I, for '• T. B." read " T. B[arne8]." 
„ 143, 26 lines from bottom, /or "D. P." read "D. P[ardini]." 
„ 172, line 20,/or " Maskll " read " Maskall." 
„ 195, 6 lines from bottom,/oi- " T. B." read " T. B[ame8]." 
,, 198, margin, /or "July 3 " read " July 5." 
„ 211, line 11, /or "eltri " read "elii-e." 
„ 218, line 4,/or " A. Goodyeare " read " Philip Lanyon." 
„ 239, iine 25, add "and Glasgow " after " St. Andrews." 
,. 244, 18 lines from bottom, /or " 196 " read " 146." 
„ 245, margin, jar the lecond " Deal " read " Dover." 
„ 247, 4 lines from bottom, for " Archbishop " read " Arch- 
bishops." 
„ 249, iine 11, before " Francis " ingert " Sir." 
„ 253, line 28,/or "bridegoom " read " bridegroom." 
„ 268, line l,for "D. P." read " D. P[ardini]." 

„ 274, 15 lines from bottom,/or " " read " [? Baron de 

Vic]." 
„ 278, 6 hues from bottom, dele " Sir." 
„ 291, 4 lines from bottom, /or "Burnesse" read "Burneffe 

(Bomrgnenf)." 
„ 292, line 6,/or " Pardens (?) " read " Pardini." 
„ 304, line 23, /or "SCO" read "802." 
„ 807, line 6,/or " reiaaiog " read " releasing." 
„ 826, line 4,/or "John " read " Sir John." 



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EBRATA AND CORRIGENDA. xlvii 

; 330, 11 lines from holiom, for " John " read " Sir John.'' 

, 333, line li,for " 259 " re<ul " 269." 

, 337, 12 lines from bottom,_/b)- " (? Pornic) " read " (Binic)." 

, 350, 7 lines from lx>ttom, f'lr " petittUon " read " petition." 

,, 360, line iH,/or " Queen's " read " Queens'." 

,. 370, line iS./or " Queen's " read " Queens'." 

,, 399, 24 lines from bottom, for " Pedlers " read " Pedlars.'' 

,, 4.'>1, mM-ffm. fur Unit " Whitehall " read " Pl>-mouth," 

„ 4.59. line '.i.f"r "last, calendared ante, p. 272" read " 1674, 

calendared in the last volume, p. 341." 
., 466. dele lines 19-21. 
., „ line 32,./(»f " 85 " read "84." 
., „ line 89, ./"I- "86" read "85." 
.. 467, line7,./i>J-"87"»cad"86." 
„ 468, line 22, ./or "87a" read "87." 
„ 476, 11 lines from bottom, /or " 149 " read " 143." 
., 478, 20 lines from bottom, a/fer "daughters " imert " to the 

King." 
„ 479, line 27, ./Ih- " 14 " read " 19." 
„ 494. line 12, dele " (?)." 
,, ,, line ii./or "mode" read "model." 
„ ,, line 33,_/(>c " Dares" read " Does." 
,, ,, line ii, for " packets and " read " merchants'." 
,, ,, line 48,_/or " Pomeland " read " Pomerland." 
„ ,, line 49, ajier " letters " insert " are " and dele " (?)." 
,, ,, line 50, ^br " Sehwerins " read " Schwerin." 
,, 498, 4 lines from iwttom, ,;b>- "Thomas Overbury to — " 
read " Sir Thomas Overbury to [the Corporation of 
Tewkesbury] ." 
„ 503, 7 lines from bottom, /ui- "received even then" read 

"visited even them." 
„ ,, 3 lines from bottom,/"*- " granting " read " practise." 
,. ,, last line, dele " all." 
,, 504, line 14, /!)»■" their's " jtW "theirs." 
.. „ line 17, for " Examine (?) " rea<l " Apprehend." 
., 522, line 4,/wr "d' Ruvigny " reail " de Ruvigny." 
,, ,, line '21, /or "Campricht's" reatl " Crampricht's." 
„ „ line 22, ybr "from" read "for." 
„ .. luie 23,^r "see " read " send." 
,. „ line 25, for " serve (?) Mona. de Deshout (?) " read 

" sortir hors de districte, Ac." 
„ „ line 28,/or "others" read " oars." 

„ ,, line 31,, /«(■" proceeded (?)" and "where" read "pro- 
vided " and " in case." 



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xlTiii ERRATA AND CORRIGENDA. 

page 522, line 36, for "the" rco(/"their." 
„ 526, line 22, ^"r " titles " read " styles." 
,, „ line 24, Jar " orders " read " order." 
,, ,, line 86, Jur " such answer " rea^l " further order " attd 

for " have " read " know." 
,, 527, line l.!i,for " Middleburg " read " Middelburg." 
,, 530, line 11, for " Bean " read " Duke." 
„ 636, last line, (le/e "(?)." 

,, 586, line 5, fir " furnishing" read " furtherinf^." 
,, ,, line 16, /or " answer " read " succours," 
„ „ line 'Zl, dele "{?)." 
„ 544, line 9, for " horses " read " houses." 
„ ,, line 11, for " effect " read " affront." 
,, ,, line 15,^01- "and couriers" read "&e. Couriers." 
,, ,, line 28, before "it " insert " and countenance." 
„ 563, margin, against line 1 put date " Feh. 12." 
„ 555, hne 16, /oc " Till then " read " With them." 
,, 557, 5 lines from bottom,/(ir " Juy " read " Ivy." 
„ 566, 15 lines from bottom, for "disputed points" I'^W 

" point of Lorraine." 
,, ,, 6 lines from bottom, after " is " iii$ert " fit." 
,, 567, line 6,Jor " Skelton's " reail " Shafto's." 
,, ,, line 10, add " All one." 
,, ,, for line 14 read " posts. — It was to be in favour of all 

those parts as well. — Our." 
,, ,, line 18, yo)' " revising " read " revisions." 
,, ,, line 20, /or "letter" reail " letters." 
„ „ line 21, /or " 811 " read " 111." 



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CALENDAR 

OF 

DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

CHARLES II, 



1675. 

March 1. 



March 1. 

Flymonth. 



Requesting him to present the 
S.P. Dom.. Car. II. 868, No. 183.] 



Lord Robartes to Williamson, 
enclosed letter to hie Majesty. 

Richard Bower to Williamson. Our baiUffs last Saturday after- 
noon, as I had desired, sent for the chief members of our great 
conventicle and desired them to forbear meeting at their public 
place, using my name as a bugbear. They then promised they 
would not meet, but, lest tbey should not be bo good as their words, 
I went yesterday morning to their meeting-place and stood in a 
porch against their door. Some hundreds of them, having no notice 
of what their leaders had promised, came there, and, as they saw 
me, passed by. This work may with ease be done in the country, 
where the gentry live and the people have a dependence on them, 
and not they upon the people, but in corporations it will never be 
carried through by the magistrates or inhabitants, their livelihood 
consisting altogether in trade, and this depending one upon another, 
so that, when any of these shall appear to act in the least measure, 
their trade shall decline, and not this alone, but their credit with it, 
by representing them low in estate and deeply engaged to others, and, 
if they are indebted as few men in trade but are, they are industrious 
to learn to whom, and, if it be possible, to bring their creditors upon 
them. This has been their practice in these parts, and doubtless 
the like is done elsewhere, but I never was engaged to any of them, 
but have suited myself according to my cloth, and have made shift 
by that little employ I have had in public affairs to stand upon my 
own legs and to help them, which I have several times done without 
respect to their principles. I have lived about 20 years here, and 
there is not a man that ever I had a controversy with but on the 
store of the pubhc, and I challenge all the fanatics to lay a just 
accusation upon me. [^Ibid. No. 184.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
To-day was in sight of this harbour Sir John Narbrough with the 
Straits fleet homeward bound. The wind being bare for them, the 
Bristol, which had many redeemed captives on board, anchored, but 
the wind proving presently more favourable set sail. Postscript. — 
The fleet seen off this are merchantmen and not Sir John 
Narbrough. {Ibid. No. 185.] Enclosed, 
The said list. [Ibid. No. 186 1.] 
* 9760, Wl. t340-i. ^,—16/8/1904. M, \ 



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2 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. 
March 1. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Since m; last about 60 sail have 
Pendennii. entered here, many from several parts of France with salt, wine, 
fruit and brandy, mast bound for London. The Dutch frigates and 
merchantmen are still here. Thursday came in a man-of-war of 
Ostend of S6 guns, with two other vessels, as they pretend, of 
London, laden with Count Monterey's servants, goods, horses, 
dogs, iic, bound for Santander. Last Friday came in an Ostend 
privateer of 4 guns, and went out to-day. There is a report that 
three French men-of-war have taken four Oatenders, one of 24 
gunB, one of 20, one of 16, and one of 10, and carried them into 
Brest. Last Thursday went out, the wind being N. and N.W., 
several sail from here for London and France. The wind next 
morning being E. brought in several vessels. Just now the Ostend 
man-of war is going out. Wind at present N.W. Other shipping 
news. [S.P. Dora., Car. 12. 368, No. 186.] 

March 1, Thomas Holden to Williamson. The wind coming about at N.W. 

BWmooth. the 25th, the ships bound homeward and for France put to sea, 
but the next day, the wind coming about to S-E., as many as could 
fetch the harbour put in again. The 26th came in the Tried of 
London from Barbados with sugars for London. She came alone 
from thence eight weeks since. She has many passengers on board, 
some that came from Guinea and were landed there. They report 
there is great like of good crops of all sorts there next season. 
The Peter of Dieppe came in, bound for the Bank. She came out 
with 17 more, but lost them in foul weather. They had no convoy, 
but were ships of good force from 20 guns and under. Having lost 
her company she will not proceed on her voyage. I am advised 
from the west that the 20th a French vessel of 100 tons laden with 
wines and brandy was taken by a Dutch caper of 12 guns off the 
Land's End. The wind is now N.W., so, if it holds, most of these 
ships will put to sea. Other shipping news. [Ibid. No. 187.] 

March 1. Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the same news as the 
Falmouth, laat. {Ibid. No. 188.] 

March 1. John Man to Williamson. By a passenger arriving here I am 
Swnnseii. informed, that about 10 Feb. the Jokanak and Sarah of Boston in 
New England of about 120 tons and 4 guns laden with tobacco for 
London was cast away on the Deadman near Foy, but all the men, 
being eleven, were saved, he being one of them. Last Saturday 
arrived in this road the Mary of North Yarmouth laden with wines 
and brandy from Bordeaux bound for London, being put out of her 
course. She had certainly perished on the Welsh shore, if a small 
vessel of this town laiden with salt from Croisic had not 
providentially sailed near her, and perceiving them to be strangers 
by their puttmg out a whiff made towards them and brought them 
safe into this road, where she only waits for a fair wind to proceed 
on her voyage. [Ibid. No. 189.] 

March 1. Commission to John Baron to be ensign to Sir Francis Leeke's 
Whitehall, company in garrison at the forts near Gravesend. [S.P, Bom., 
Entry Book 44, p. 10.] 



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CHABLES n. 8 

1675. 
March 1. Froclamation by the Lord Lieutenant and Council, pnbliahing 
The Connoil the King's letter of 10 Feb., calendared in the last volume, p. 679, 

DobHn'' concerning the abolition ol the Bheriffe entertaining the judgea, &c. 
[4 pages. S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 309, p. 407.] 

March 2. Bequest b; the Earl of Suffolk for a caveat that no grant pass 
concerning the reversion of the place of Underhousekeeper of 
Audley End, without his being acquainted with it, it being in his 
right to dispose of it. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 190.] 



Bichard Potts to Williamson. 
No. 191.] 



No news. Wind N.W. llbid. 



March 2. X. Aslaby to Wilhamson. Here are 20 light colliers at anchor 
Bridlington, expecting a fair wind to the North. The wind is now N. With 

postscript to Mr. Ball, inquiring how he should direct a letter to 

Cspt. Thomas Thornton. [Ibid. No. 192.] 

March 2. Bilas Taylor to WilliamBon. Mine of Sunday last did not, as I 
Harwioh. intended, go by the Holland mail, because that was too quick for 
me, but yesterday by the every day's post settled at Colchester. In 
the last packet-boat came over but two soldiers and several seamen, 
to whom I had Utile to say, observing the letter of your orders. By 
it came no news that I could hear of. A friend in Holland writes to 
me thus " 'Tis with us as if no war. No preparations by sea or 
land appear, it's as tho' a sudden peace or cessation of arms were at 
hand." All Sunday the wind was southerly and continued so till 
noon yesterday, but at present it is westerly. [Ibid. No. 193.] 

March 2. Hugh Saiesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. Yesterday mom- 
PonatnoaUi. jng sailed hence the Merlin yacht and Weveno {Wivenhoe) to 

Southainpton Biver to convoy some horses for Cherbourg. \_Ibid. 

No. 194.J 

March 2. Warrant to William Bamsden, Lord Mayor, and the Justices of 
York, to forbear the prosecution of William Maskall, of York, 
goldsmith, till the Midsummer Assizes, and to take no advantage 
of the security whereby ho is bound to answer at the next assizes 
the charge against him of clipping, he being able and willing to 
moke considerable discoveries against other clippers and coiners. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 28,/. 125.] 

March 2. The King to Lord Bobartes. A petition has been lately presented 
WhitehftU. to me by one Cressett, setting forth that your son and his wife 
take sanctuary in the Court, to secure them from executing a decree 
and seaUng a cooveyauce appointed by It, with an argument that 
they ought to do so, because you and their other trustees had 
already done it. However, I have given them till the end of 
Easter Term to accommodate the matter with Cressett, expecting 
to hear from you in the meantime, if there is any reason for their 
refusing to follow your example. I have heard nothing of the 
merits of the cause, the complaint being only as to the taw not 
having its course against them, by reason of their residence in 
Whitehall. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 42, p. 12.] 

Draft thereof. IS.P Dom., Car. II. 368, No, 196.] 



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1675. 
March 2. 

Wbitehnll. 



Mftrch S. 
Bjdal. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



PasB (or Richard Balkeley, son of Robert, Lord Balkeley, with 
two servants, 20/. in money and their apparel and other necessaries, 
to travel beyond the seas, provided that he do not reside in any 
Popish college or seminary or use the company of any Jesuit, 
Bomish priest, or other evil affected person, and that he return 
immediately if recalled. {Precedents 1,/. 54.] 

Warrant to the Lord Chamberlain for swearing Sir John Pettas 
of Rackheath, Norfolk, as one of the cupbearers in ordinary in place 
of Sir C. Lyttleton. [ibUI. f. 56.] 

Order in Council on the petition of Abraham Stock of Dover, 
merchant, and others concerned in the Elizabeth and Mary of Bright* 
hemstesd, showing that she was about August last taken by Zealand 
privateers on her voyage from Bordeaux to Newhaven (Havre) in 
France, and carried into Middleburg, where last January hy a 
sentence of that Admiralty all her lading, which all belonged to 
his Majesty's subjects, was condemned for prize, and accordingly 
disposed of, but the ship was released and the freight due to the 
master paid, which proceedings being contrary to the Treaty 
Marine between his Majesty and the States General and the 
articles giving leave to hi» Majesty's subjects to trade from one of 
the enemy's ports to another in the same enemy's country, the 
petitioners prayed for relief :— that Secretary Williamson prepare a 
letter for the King's signature representing the petitioners' case to 
Sir W. Temple, Ambassador at the Hague, and requiring him 
effectually to mterpose with the States General that the goods taken 
as aforesaid be restored forthwith to the petitioners, or satisfaction 
given them for the same, and further that Secretani Williamson 
effectually recommend this case to the Ambassador Extraordinary 
of the States General, that he may transmit it to them as a matter, 
in which his Majesty particularly desires the petitioners may be 
righted. iS.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 196.] 

Daniel Fleming to Williamson. Thanking him tor his last and 
for his continuing daily his great kindness to him, and sending a 
char tin pie. [/i«rf. No. 197.] 

Thomas Woollhouse to Williamson. As it is your favour to 
receive my son into your service we are ready to receive your 
commands for his coming to give himself wholly to yoor pleasure. 
Though be has not that complaisant humour the City brings forth, 
being always bred near Colchester till these two years, I hope you 
will find more genius in him to receive your commands than it is 
expedient to express, he being my sod. He has had the experience 
of the want of learning. How unhappy I have been tor want of it. 
My father, being the first minister in Essex that was sequestered 
and the first that was plundered of any person whatsoever in Essex 
for his loyalty, was made incapable of giving me anyother learning 
than reading the Bible for this little writing obtained from many 
hoys the experiences of misfortunes I have endeavoured to make 
him sensible thereby to quicken up his genius not to lose any 
opportunity, \_ihid. No. 198.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Giving an account of the arrivals 
and departures of the packet-boata. About 11 last night the 



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Clereland y^ht went to Dieppe with Lord Hamilton, Count 
Gramoa[t] and others with them, the wind being then W.N.W. 
IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 199.] 

March 3. Nathaniel Osborne toWiUiamson. Last Monday night arrived the 
WttTinouth. Dolphin ol this port, which came from Patopon river in Maryland 
five weeks ago last Sunday. She brings news of the scarcity of 
tobacco there, worth Sd. a pound in the country by reason of the 
great drought last year there. They also bring news that the 
Patopon Indians, having plundered several hogs and other things 
from the planters in the head of Patopon and destroyed four or five 
families of them, though they would make the English there believe 
it was done by the Senecae, their enemies, yet the English by the 
Governor's order were raising a company to go against them, and 
intended to go against a town of theirs, but what was the name of 
it I cannot team, so that there is a war beginning between the 
English in Maryland and the Patopon Indians. [Ibid. No. 
200.] 

March S. Caveat that nothing pass concerning the reversion of the place of 
Underhousekeeper of Audley End till notice first given to the Earl 
of Suffolk. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 7.] 

March 3. Caveat on behalf on Lord Newport, that no patent pass concern- 
ing the Knight Harbinger's place till notice given to the Greencloth. 
llhid.l 

March 3. Grant of the office of Master of the Buckhounds to John Nevill, 
in reversion after John Cary and Thomas Eliott. Minute. \Ilome 
Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 49.] 

March 3. Warrant to the Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland for 
Whitehall, payment to James Mowbray of 100/. sterling, the arrears of his 
pension for Whitsunday and Martinmas, 1678. \S.P. Scotland, 
Warrant Book 3, p. 217.] 

March 3. After reciting that Sir John Home of Bentown, late Justice Clerk, 
Whitehiii. agt a tack of his estate to his second son, Patrick Home, for payment 
of his debts, and that, though his eldest son, Sir Alexander Home 
of Rentown, is endeavouring to bring the said Patrick to an account 
for the satisfaction of his father's creditors, yet the said Sir 
Alexander is being rigorously prosecuted by some of them for 
several sums that ought to have been paid by the said Patrick, and 
that the freedom of the said Sir Alexander for some time will tend 
to the greater benefit of such creditors than his imprisonment can 

Eroduce ; grant to the said Sir Alexander of protection for — years 
'om Uie date thereof. [Ibid.] 

March 4. Silaa Taylor to Williamson. Several passengers went for 
HMwioh. Holland last night in one of our packet-boats. Wind N.W., very 
fresh. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 201.] 

March 4. A[nthony] T[horold] to Williamson. Mr. Throwgood, a mer- 
LTnu. chant of London, came here yesterday from Morlaix, who says that, 
coming thence in a vessel of Looe, be met a small Ostend man-of- 
war of three guns, who boarding them stripped them stark naked 



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6 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1676. 

and took 402, in money from them and all their linen and woollen 
to the value of 1001. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 202.] 

March 4. Thomas Holden to WilliamBon. The two Dutch men-of-war that 
Falmouth, lay 6 or 7 days here to convoy the two St. Tubus men here have 
received orders overland to go for the Straits, and yesterday they 
put to sea, the wind N., so that these two ships may lie here a long 
time for want of convoy, one being not able to go without, having 
spent all her masts and not able to fit herself here. The 8rd came 
in here the Siucegs of Falmouth, from Swansea, which reports that 
six weeks ago a great vessel of Stockholm of 16 guns and 40 men 
laden with salt and sugar from Lisbon was in foul weather driven 
up the North Channel and there struck upon a rock at sea. All the 
men, ship, and goods were lost except one man that saved himself 
on part of the forecastle, and was a day and night upon it, and was 
cast on the Welsh shore and so preserved. The man is now in this 
vessel looking for a passage home. Last Friday, coming to the pier 
of Penzance was cast away an Irish vessel of about 60 tons laden 
with tallow, beef and hides for Ostend. All the men were saved 
and most of the ship and goods but much damnified. The Mayor 
of this town has received your letter concerning Newfoundland, and 
will give you an account by the next. [Ibid. No. 203.] 

March 4. Restitution of temporalities to the fiishop of Ely. Minute. 
Whifeih*L. IS.P. Dom., Entry Book 27,/. 64.J 

March 4. The Duke of Monmouth to M. de Louvois. I have received your 
Whitehall, letter of the 4th. I will not fail to obey his Majesty's orders con- 
cerning M. Staniers, and will send you as soon as I can the names 
of those I should like to be at the head of the regiment. M. de 
Ruvigny has spoken to me about the half pay, and told me you ■ 
would have it placed in the hands of M. Lockhart to be disposed of 
by my order. I thank you for having given this satisfaction to our 
officers, and I have written to M. Lockhart to receive that money, 
and to forbid those who are in Paris for that purpose to trouble you 
further on this subject. [^French. S.P. Doni., Entry Book 41, p. 24.] 

March 4- The Duke of Monmouth to Sir W. Lockhart. I am very sensible 
Whitehall, of your care and success in soliciting the business of the half pay. 
I am now informed it is resolved that the total sum shall be put 
into your hands to be issued to the regiment by my directions, they 
being desirous to avoid the importunities of the officers. I desire you 
therefore to give yourself the trouble of the receipt of it, and to keep 
it till I have seen the accoimts of the regiment, which I write to the 
Major to make up forthwith and send me a copy, if he be not 
coming over himself. In the meantime you will order the officers 
that may be at Paris on this account to forbear troubling M. de 
Louvois any longer, but to espect their satisfaction from me, for 
that I understand to be the King's pleasure. 

If M. de Louvois mentions anything to you concerning the recruits, 
you will take the occasion to let him know I have t^en the best 
order I could, by appointing every officer to make his own recruits, 
which is the only way left me in the nicety of these times. 
llbU. p. 25.] 



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CHABLE8 II. 



1676. 
March 4> 
WhitebftU. 



Warrant to Sir T. Cbieheley and the Lieut-General and other 
Officers of the Ordnance to pay a galary of 1001. per annum, to be 
charged on the quarter -books of the Ordnance Office, and to be 
paid quarterly, the first quarter to begin from Michaelmas last, to 
John Flamsted, M.A., who has been appointed the King's Astrono- 
mical Observator forthwith to apply himself with the most exact 
care and diligence to the rectifying the tables of the motions of the 
heavens and the places of the fixed stars, so as to find out the so 
mach desired longitude of places, for the perfecting the art of 
navigation. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 44, p. 10.] 

Draft thereof. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 868, No. 204.] 

March 4. Memorandum that the Duke of Monmoath signified the King's 
pleasure to Mr. Bosse, that George Bawleigh, now capt. -lieutenant 
of the Governor's company in Jersey, should be captain of the first 
company that shall be void in the island, or shall be raised for the 
service of that island. {S.P. Dom., Entiy Book 45, p. 7.] 

Mu-ch 4. On the petition of Richard Yatea, whose father having conducted 
WhitahaU. j[jg jjjjjg j|,QQj Worcester to Whiteladies was afterwards hanged 
because he would not discover where he last saw him, praying a 
sum of money, recommendation thereof to the Lord Treasurer, 
to provide in some measure for the petitioner in snch manner as has 
been done for other persons that were instrumental in his Majesty's 
happy escape. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 17.] 

March 4. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of John Hall, 

Whitaluli, praying a lease for 99 years from Lady Day, 1675, of certain acres 

of common in the Hundred of High Peak, Derbyshire, answering 

to her Majesty during her interest the present rent, and afterwards 

E>. per annum. [^Ibid. p. 16.] 

March 4. Pass for transporting 14 horses and geldings into France for Sir 
W. Lockhart's use. {Precedentt 1,/. 56.] 

Maroh 4. The King to Henry Wilkie, Conservator of the Scots privileges 
Whiuh»U. in the Netherlands. After reciting that on occasion of the unsettled 
condition of the Scots staple in the United Provinces (partly 
occasioned by the removal thereof from Campveer to Dort, and 
partly by the late wars between the King and the States General) 
the merchants of Scotland have sufEereij great prejudice in their 
trading to the Netherlands, empowering him to treat with the 
magistrates of any town in Holland or Zealand, where he shall find 
it most convenient and advantageous for the merchants and trade of 
that kingdom to have the staple settled, and desiring him to report 
the best terms and conditions that can be espeeted for that effect, 
before he concludes or signs the articles of agreement. [S.P. 
Scotland, Warrant Book 9, p. 219.] 

March 4. Memorials of protection in the ordinary form to John Morison, 

Whitehall, yonnger, of Dairsie, for three years, and Lindsey, younger, 

of Paystowne, for six months. [^Ibid. p. 220.] 

March 5 Anthony Isaacson to Williamson. I have so little at any time 
HewoMti*. worth your notice that I forbear giving yon needless advices. We 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEBS. 



March 5. 
Plymouth. 



March 5. 
March 5. 



have abont 60 loaden colliers for the coast, but the wind is N.E., 
which makes our bar up, and keeps them from sailing. The 3rd we 
had a high spring tide, and the wind being then northerly brought in 
the sea with such violence that it has much damnified the stone 
work of Clifford's Port. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 205.] 

Thomas Farr, Mayor, to Wilhamson. Requesting him to 
' acquaint his Majesty and the Privy Conncil that not long since 
have been exported from that port several Btone-horees and mares 
of considerable value contrary to the laws, and that now about 32 
more are there ready for exportation, some being stone-horses and 
mares valued at 70^ or 60{. apiece, and that he is informed more are 
providing for the same purpose. {Ibid. No. 206.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. 207.] Enclosed, 

The taid litt. [Ibid. No- 207 r.] 

The King to the Principal Commissioners of Prizes. Captain 
George Canning of the Portland seized in the West Indies a Dutch 
privateer, the Vrede, of Amsterdam, laden only with the plunder of 
nine English ships taken by her. She was adjudged prize in the 
Jamaica Admiralty Court, sold, and the proceeds given as the King's 
bounty to Canning and his crew as her captors. Since his return the 
vessel, by a new process in the English Court of Admiralty, has been 
condemned to the King's use ; but on the petition of the said captain, 
they are to remit to hmi and his company the proceeds of the said 
prize and goods, as the King's free gift. IS.P. Dom., Entry 
Book m,/. 191.'} 

Commission to William, Earl of Inchiquin, captain-general and 
commander-in-chief of Tangier, to be colonel of the foot regiment 
raised or to be raised in Tangier and captain of a company in 
the said regiment. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 29, p. 126.] 

Commission to Basil Fielding to be lieutenant to Major Walters in 
the King's regiment. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 44,p. 11.] 

Caveat that no grant of the estate or pardon pass to Aston, 

linen draper in Covent garden (brother to John Aston appre- 
hended for clipping), who is supposed to be confederate with his 
brother, till notice given to Mr. Wyndham or Mr. Howard. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 7.] 

Memorandum that Alexander Frazer signified to Mr. Secretary 
that the King had promised to Mr. William Naylor, chaplain to the 
Countess of Devonshire, a prebend of Worcester or some other 
which might fall vacant [Dnd. j>. 8,] 

Recommendation to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of 
Rowland Laughame, praying payment of arrears on two letters 
patent, one for 3,000/. to be paid him, and another for 500/. per 
annum to him, amounting to about 4,0001., that he may find out 
some way for the efFectuat putting in execution of the within 
mentioned order in Council in l^e petitioner's behalf. [8.P. Dom.t 
Entry Book 46, p. 18.] 



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1675. 
March 5. 



March 6. 

Harwiob. 



March 6. 
BrutoL 



Warrant to the Clerk of the Signet to prepare a bill to pass the 
Oreat Seal requiring the Chapter and Prebendaries of Salisbury to 
institute and invest Thomas Pierce, D.D., who has been appointed to 
the Deanery, in the same dignity with all the rights and privileges 
belonging thereto, and to admit him to his voice in Chapter and to 
assign him his seat and stall. [iS.P. Dom., EiiUy Book 47, p. 4.] 

Warrant for a grant to George Gosselin of all the King's title to 
the real and personal estate of his brother James in Jamaica which 
might accrue to the King by reason of the said James being an 
alien. [Prvcedenta 1,/. 57.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting that Alexander 
Cosby has by his petition stated a grant by King James to Richard 
Cosby, his ancestor, in tail male of the lands of Tymachoe (Timahoe) 
and other lands in the barony of Cullenagh, Queen's County, with a 
restriction not to ahen or let the same for life or for any term 
exceeding three years, and that, the said lands having descended to 
the petitioner, he is thereby disabled from making such an estate 
to a tenant as might encourage him to improve, they having been 
wholly laid waste during the troubles in Ireland and all buildings 
thereon having been ruined and burnt, and praying a licence to let 
them for a greater term, and a reference thereof to the Solicitor- 
General with his report thereon, requiring him to cause letters 
patent to be passed granting licence to the said Alexander (Josby 
and his heirs male to make leases of any of the said lands for three 
lives or 21 vears, in such manner as a tenant in tail may grant. 
[5.P. Dom.," Signet Office, Vol. 9, p. 295.] 

Sir R. Carr to Williamson, Though I did not meet you before I 
left town, that shall not excuse your sending me your commands 
whilst the King is here, where I resolve to attend constantly. Lord 
Arlmgton is your servant. [_S.P. Dnm., Car. II. 868, No. 208.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. One of our packet-boats came out of 
the Brill yesterday morning and arrived here about 9 that evening. 
The master was ready ever since Wednesday, but the weather was 
too hard for him. He brought over one that is reported to be an 
envoy, and he believes be is a Swede. He says Vice-Admiral 
Tromp arrived in Holland last week. He assures me there was no 
work of any sort doing about their ships at Helvoetsluys, and he 
heard not of any yet intended. The KitoSien yacht came into the 
Rolling Grounds last Thursday afternoon, not liking the weather, 
which growing worse yesterday caused him to weigh and come into 
the port. It is reported he has a prisoner on board with whom he is 
bound for Leith. The wind is easterly, but subject to many gusts. 
It is foul weather. I have had some frivolous accounts of Prince 
TafTaletta's deportment since he went hence, being, as we are 
informed, entertained by the Jews, hut they are not worth your 
knowledge. I humbly request your commands concerning these 
letters that with so much earnestness Mr. Hutchinson of Rotterdam 
presses in covers on me, and writes that it is your pleasure and 
order they should be thus sent. [Ibid. No. 209.] 

Thomas Cole to Williamsoo. Our Bishop has been very vigorous 
in his proceedings against the conventiclers and with a probable 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



March 6. 
WhiteluJl. 



[1675.] 
March 7. 



good success, the principals of the Independent, PFesbytenan and 
Anabaptist factions being legally convicted and committed to 
custody, but not without some riotous and insolent carriages even 
in the Council House and at the Tolzey. But within these two 
days Thompson, a very eminent Independent, fell sick of a fever 
and died in prison, which has opened the mouths of all the 
dissenting party bo wide, that they complain of the severity of the 
civil and tyranny of the ecclesiastical laws in so much that 
yesterday night, shortly after Thompson's burial, a libel was found 
in the Mayor's house with these threatening expressions or to this 
purpose, that, if they must be subject to these persecutions, as they 
term it, there were many eminent and sufficient men, and numbers 
of apprentices and inferior rank would venture their lives and 
fortunes for their freedom, and 'tis probable that of this city two 
parts of three may be that wav inclined. Such is the constitution 
of this place, and now, what the consequences of this may be I leave 
to your wisdom to judge. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 210.] 

Commission to Palmes Fairborae to be major in a regiment of 
foot raised or to be raised in the garrison of Tangier, and captain 
of a company of foot in the same regiment. Minute. [S.P. Vom., 
Entry Book 29, p. 125.] 

Commissions for Timothy Mahan to be quarter-master and 
provost marshal to Lord Inchiquiu's regiment at Tangier. Minute, 
with note that the Major's commission was of the same date. 
llbid. p. 127.] 

Sir J. Williamson to the Mayor of Southampton. Having 
communicated his letter to his Majesty, he is graciously pleased to 
commend his care in not suffering any stone-horses or mares to be 
transported beyond the seas without his pass. As to those now 
passing, his Majesty supposes he will find they are of those for 
which his Majesty gave ms pass of 81 January, being most of them 
for the immediate use of the King of France, and the rest for 
Marshal de Bellefonds. [S.P. Dom., Enti-y Book 43, p. 18.] 

The King to the Warden and other electors of New College, 
Oxford, and of Winchester College. After reciting that at the last 
election he had recommended Samuel Palmer, a scholar of 
Winchester College, on account of the loyalty and good services of 
his father, John Palmer, to be preferred to New College, and that 
by reason of former letters in favour of some other person he was 
not so preferred, renewing the former recommendation in Palmer's 
favour, and requiring them to choose him at the next election 
to New College. [S.P Dom., Entry Book 47, p. 4.] 

J. A. to . As to what occurs in these parts 'tis little 

but what I suppose you may hear of by one friend or other. I 
suppose you have heard the whole story of Mr. Jaques and the 
Bishop of Bristol about persecution and other things. This is 
much discoursed at present in these parts and how notably the 
young conforming pnest preached and discoursed the old angir 
bb(?theBishopofBriBtol) as also the young man's father. There is 
much ont which, if you desire it, by the next I may let you know 
more, but in short I hear 'tis all, and the sermon also, very like to be 



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March 7. 

Dmrtniouth, 



March 7. 
Pljmoath. 



March 7. 
WUtobaU. 



printed. There are many fears, jealotiBiee aud complaints amongst 
friends about persecution and eome of a strange high nature, if true, 
of which more if I see you. Many officers that went with soldiePB 
into Holland are returned, as 'tis like you know, but some of them 
complain much of their usage there ^d of Odjjke] that sent them. 
Many are indifferently pleased to hear the P [arliamen]t are like to 
Bit. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 368, No. 211.] 

Hugh Saleebury to "Williamson. Wind N.E. The Adventure is 
to he fitted to go to sea out of hand, and she's accordingly preparing 
for it. [Ibid. No. 212.} 

William Hurt to WilHamson. Repeating the request in his letter 
of 12 Feb. calendared in the last volume, p. 562, that the John may 
be made a free ship. [Ibid. No. 213.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. I have no list of ships and no 
news. [Ibid. No. 214.] 

Copy of the preamble of the patent to Comelis Martinus Tromp 
calendared in the last volume, p. 619. [Latin. Ibid. No. 216.] 

Sir J. Williamson to Lord Gulpeper. His Majesty having con- 
sidered the enclosed draft of an article for the amicable decision of 
all controversies and disputes which may hereafter arise between 
the two East India Companies of England and Holland, as it stands 
amended by the Dutch Ambassador and the Bewihthebbers (Bewind- 
hebbers, i.e. Directors), allows of it, and directs you and the rest of the 
Commissioners (his Majesty having had the liking of the English 
East India Company to it) forthwith to conclude and sign it with 
the Dutch. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 18.] 

Commissions to Piercy Eirke to be captain-lieutenant to the Earl of 
Oxford's troop in the King's regiment commanded by the said Earl 
and to Harry Bridges to be heatenant to Capt. Edwin Bandys in the 
same regiment. Minutes. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 44, pp. 11, 12.] 

Duplicate of the commission to Bridges, but dated 13 Sept. , 1676. 
Minute. [Ibid. p. 16.] 

The Sing to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting letters patent 
of 1661, which directed the Lords Justices to grant to Capt. Charles 
Twigge the command of the first foot company that should be 
vacant, from which he hitherto received no benefit, directing that 
he should be preferred to the first foot company that shall be void 
in the Irish army immediately after such persons as have any 
precedmg grant. [S.P. Dom., Signet Office, Vol. 9, p. 285.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Authorizing him, if on a 
writ of ad quod damnum such a grant should not appear to be to the 
prejudice of the Crown or of any others or of the neighbouring fairs 
or markete, to canse letters patent to be passed containing a grant 
of a weekly market and two yearly fairs on 25 July and 6 Dec. at 
Freshford, oo. Kilkenny, to Robert Maude, who has purchased that 
town, and several lands and tenements in and near the same, and 
has since procured many English famihes to inhabit that part of 
the connt^, which before, ever since the troubles, was almost 
deetifcate of inhabitants. [Ibid. p. 292.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEBS. 



1676. 
March 8. 

EaatOD Hall. 



Lord Arlington to WilliamsoD. I give you many thanks for 
yours of the 6th with the enclosed news. I am glad the affair of 
the East Indies is now near an end. Nobody must flatter himself 
with a belief that Mr. Van Benaing will oversee the making it final 
by the declaratory act of his Majesty, or suffer any ambiguous terms 
in the preamble that ma; give a construction of its being other- 
wise. A rumour goes about that his Majesty has put off his journey 
to Newmarket for some days, but, your letter giving no countenance 
to it, I will not fail to render myself there on Wednesday to do 
my duty. [S-P. Doin., Car. II. 868, No. 216.] 

Sir R. Carr to Williamson. From Newmarket I gave you assurance 
of my resolutions to attend diligently and so I will, and that I may 
perform the better I have taken your lodgings, but I doubt the 
woman of the honse has no such hopes, for she told me she hoped 
the Secretary would come, and then I promised to resign. By 10 
on Wednesday I resolve to be at Newmarket, where your commands 
shall be exactly observed. [IbUI. No. 217.] 

T. Aslaby to Williamson. To-day 50 light colliers loosed out of 
this Bay and are plying northwards, the wmd being much easterly. 
llbid. No. 218.] 

Bichard Watts to Williamson. In the Bristol and other vessels 
were brought home 150 men, late slaves in Algiers, who were landed 
here (Saturday and yesterday. They say they were in all 450 
redeemed, and that no English slaves are now left there but 
runagodoes. They make haste to London and altogether intend to 
pay their obedience to his Majesty. They give Sir John Narbrough 
great commendations for bis care, and are stout and lusty. Our 
people well received them, and everybody gave them money. Last 
week I told you of a French sloop of about 8 tons which pretended a 
commission from that King, whose master was an Englishman and all 
the rest except one Frenchman, which ran aground, and our Deputy 
with the Lieutenant of Deal Castle seized her and put the master 
and one man in Deal Castle under suspicion of piracy, having no 
commission, and brought the ship upon Deal Beach. Last night 
bis Majesty sent order to clear the vessel and Frenchman, and to 
let him go on board and dispose of her. The English are also clear 
but not admitted to go in the Frenchman. It blows fresh at N.E. 
These four days past there have been great gnats and storms. 
lllnd. No. 219.] 

John Beading to Williamson. Giving an account of the arrivals 
and departures of the packet-boats. This morning at 2 was trans- 
ported to Calais Mr. Alexander Burnett. [Z&irf. No. 220.] 

Hugh Acland to James Hickea. Last Thursday there happened 
a very sad accident at St. Colomb, aboat 10 miles from here, where 
some masons were mending the church, in which they had three 
barrels of powder for their parish store, of which one of the heads 
being loose and the doors open, several of the children got in and 
were making poppers with some of the powder. At length three 
lesser ones, observing the actions of the bigger boys, got fire and set 
the whole on fire, which blew up themeelves and a great part of the 



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CHARLES II. 



18 



chnrch, bat did little other hart, the maeons being at dinner and 
jast on their return to their work. Wind N.E. {S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 868, No. 221.] 

March 8. Hugh Acland to Williameon. Giving the same news as the last. 
Tn>w- [Ibid. No. 222.1 

March 8. Francis Bellott to Williameon. LastMonday, the wind being E., 
Pendennii. came in several Small vesseU, mostly outward bound. That day 
the two Dutch men-of-war by order went a cruising about the Bay 
of Biscay, and left three Dutch merchant-men here till their return, 
who are to convoy them to Holland. Tuesday and Wednesday 
the wind being N'. and N.W. made a clean harbour, only those three 
Dutchmen. Thursday the wind blew all E. and so continues, which 
has brought in at least 60 small vessels, many from Milford laden 
with culm for Dartmouth and other ports, and several for France, 
and several from and to Ireland. Other shipping news and news 
of the explosion as in Acland's letter, llbid. No. 228.] 

March 6. Thomas Holden to Williamson. Giving an account of the explosion 
FfUmoath. ^g in Acland's letter, saying all the church was blown up, the tower 
only standing. The 6th came in the Thoviaa and John of London, 
with rice from St. Bemo, and the Dispatch of Dover from Genoa 
with oils, and the Morning Star from Leghorn with oils. They 
report there came out with them from the Straits about 14 sail, four 
being merchant ships richly laden from Turkey, and that there are 
in the Straits three or four Bailee men-of-war and that they had 
taken an Englishman lately. Sir John Narbrough has been at 
Argier, where they tell him the Sallee men-of-war shall not victual 
in their harbours, but that they cannot hinder their coming in and 
their prizes, but say they will do all they can to keep peace with 
England. He is gone to Tunis to negotiate with them also. [Ibid. 
No. 224.] 

March 6. Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the same, news as 
Paimouth. the last. [Ibid. No. 225.] 

March 8. Certificate by John Bromstone, deputy searcher, that John Wick- 
ham, messenger, that day shipped Alexander Burnett on the 
Postilion of Dover, bound for Calais. [Ibid. No. 226.] 

March 8. Warrant to Sir Thomas Chicheley, Master General of the 
Whit«iuii. Ordnance, to dispose of the moneys arising from the sale of gun- 
powder by virtue of the warrant of 1 Feb. last towards payment to 
the many great and pressing debts owing to the creditors of the 
Ordnance Office which cannot be satisfied out of the moneys hitherto 
assigned to the office. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 29, p. 188.] 

March 8. Reference and recommendation to the Lord Treasurer of the 

whitebftU. petition of Mary Ray, praying a grant of his Majesty's title to her 

father's forfeited estate, that he may give order for a grant to her 

of his Majesty's right and title to the within mentioned inn and 

closes. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 19.j 

March 8. "^^^ ^Jng to the Lord Lieutenant. Being informed that the King 

WhiiehiUi. has a legal title to the lands oE Killien and other lands in the barony 

of Eglish, King's County, and to other lands in the same county, 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



which have been hitherto unjustly detained by Nicholafl Herbert, 
late of Eillien, who forfeited the same for being active in the late 
rebellion, and never claimed the same or came on any trial of 
ionocency before the late CommiBBioners for executing the Acts of 
Settlement and Explanation, requiring him to issue comtDissions 
of inquiry into the King's title to the said lands, and, on the return 
thereof, to cause letters patents to be passed of all or such part thereof 
as he shall appear to be bo entitled to unto Visconnt Grandisoa 
and Edward VUliers in fee-aimpla, they placing Bnch deficiencies 
thereon, as by the rules of the Acts of Settlement and Explanation 
the eaid lands are sufficient to satisfy, and paying such quit-rents 
as by the said Acts would have been payable had tbey been set out 
to adventurers or soldiers. [2 pages. S.P. Dom., Signet Ofice, 
Vol. 9, p. 286.] 

March 8. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting letters of 19 Jan., 
Whitstuil. 1663 [-4] for a grant to Sir John Temple, Solicitor-General of 
Ireland, of lands amounting to the clear value of 8002. per annum, 
and that he had not yet received any benefit thereby, and that the 
present Lord Lieutenant is not empowered to^s any lands to him 
in pursuance thereof as they were not directed to the Lord 
Lieutenant for the time being, authorizing and requiring hini to 
cause letters patent to be passed to the said Sir John or to such 
persons as he shall appoint in fee-simple of lands amounting to the 
clear value of 6001. per annum above all rents and other charges 
payable thereout, under such yearly rents as are payable t>y 
adventurers or soldiers by the Acts of Settlement and Explana- 
tion in the provinces wherein the said lands shall lie, and further 
authorizing him to admit the said Sir John and his heirB, if they 
shall desire it, to place deficiencies of any interests satiBfiable by 
the said Acts on any lands or hereditaments forfeited to or vested 
in the Grown by the said Acts that shall be presented to him to be 
passed, pursuant to these letters. [2 pages. Ibid. p. 29S.] 

March 9. Charles Bertie to William Bridgeman. Informinghim that the Lord 
Treasurer desires that Mr. Deerham's bill be amended by inserting 
Essex, andthetownsof Colchester, Maldon, Harwich and the liberty 
of Havering, the city and county of Gloucester and the liberW of 
the Duchy of Lancaster. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 868, No. 227.J 

March 9. Richard Potts to WiUiamson. The continuance of northerly 
StooktoD. winds keeps here several vessels fitted for the East to load with rye 
and fiai. [Ibid. No. 228.] 

March 9. Silas Taylor to WiUiamson. The easterly wind which stQI 
Huvioh. continues mndered one of our packet-boats from sailing on Saturday 
night, but they sailed about 8 Sunday afternoon with severd 
passengers, though tbey left some that would not venture. We 
have DO news by the last packet-boat, which arrived Sunday 
morning. Several of the English Company of Dort came over in 
it. 'Tis generally received in Holland that a peace will ensue this 
very agreement of the place of treaty, which is there also said to 
be Nimwegen. [Ibid. No. 229.] 

March 9. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N. The Quemaey is come 
ftwUBonth'. in here to be new fitted to go with the Advmtwre, which is likewise 



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CHARLES n. 



March 9. 
PlTinoDth. 



March 9. 

Whiteh&U. 



March 9. 

Whit«haU. 



fitting here, to Tangier, with Lord Inchiquin, the new Governor. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 868, No. 280.] 

Philip Lanjon to WilliamBon. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[iSid. No. 231.1 Encloied, 

The said Ust. [Ibid. No. 281 1.] 

Commission to Capt. Whaley for Cole's corapany. Minate. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 20.] 

The King to the Lieuteoaocy of London. Ae he understande 
that the militia of the City is become indebted and Ibbb able to serve 
in the necessary duties to which they are obliged for the safety of 
the King's person and the preserving the peace and quiet of the 
government, authorizing and reqniring them in pursuance of 14 
Car. U. c. 8 to levy for one whole year from Christmas last ao 
mach money as they shall find needful for defraying the necessary 
charges of such extraordinary duties of those forces, according to 
the authority and rule prescribed by the said Act, not exceeding the 
proportion of one month's tax which the City paid towards the tax 
of 70,00W. per mensem. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 12.] 

Sir J. Williamson to the Mayor of Southampton, With reference 
to his former letter of the 6th, calendared ante, p. 10, about the 
horses, enclosing the original pass from M. de Bavigny, the French 
Minister in England, to be delivered to the person who has charge 
of them. [5.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 19.J 

Commission to Col. John Bassell to command in chief during the 
King's absence at Newmarket all the forces left behind for the 
safety and peace of the government, as are or shall be quartered in 
and about the cities of London and Westminster. [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Book a, p. 11.] 

Commission to Major John White to be captain of the company 
whereof Major Palmes Fairbome was captain in the Governor's 
regiment in garrison at Tangier. Minute. [Ibid. p. 12.] 

Reference to the Lord Keeper of the petition of FoUiott, Viscount 
Powerscourt, praying further letters patent to be passed of the 
lands in Ireland enjoyed by his ancestors before the late rebellion. 
IS.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 19.] 

Dispensation to Ralph, Bishop of Chichester, to hold in com- 
mendam a prebend and canonry of Windsor, and the rectory of 
Standiah, Lancashire. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 47, p. 6.] 

Warnmt to the Commissioners appointed to treat with the Com- 
missioners from the States General about the settlement of trade 
and navigation, directing them, since that negotiation has been put 
an end to, to give order for the payment of the expenses of the 
said commission, including the remuneration of the secretary, 
elerks, and messenger, out of the 2,000f. ordered 80 Sept. last, to be 
paid to Thomas Bedford, then: secretary, for that purpose, and to 
divide equally among themselves any balance remaining, to be 
bestowed by each of mem in a piece of plate for their own use, as 
a mark of the King's gracious acceptance of their service. [Home 
Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 49.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1676. 
March 9. 

Whitehall. 



March 9. 

The Chapter 



March 9. 

Whitehall. 



Patent for 14 years to Thomas Ti^ood of an engine with pipes 

and bags for raising water, all friction taken away, and also of a 
new art for tingeing silks and other stuffs by way of impreeBion and 
otherwise to the Uveliness of painting in all kinds of figures and 
landscape for the use of hangings and other furniture of the like 
nature. Minute. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 50.] 

Pass to Ignatius White, Baron de Vique, to transport himself to 
any part beyond the seas. [Ibid. p. 51.] 

Certificate by the Dean and Chapter of Chichester of the election 
• by them of Dr. Balph Brideoke to be bishop of that see, void by the 
translation of Dr. Peter Gunning to Ely. [Latin. On Parchment. 
S.P. Dom., Car. II., Casf F. No. 66.] 

Warrant for letters patent creating Lord George Douglas, colonel 
of the Scots regiment in the French service, Earl of Dunbarton and 
Lord Douglas of Etrick in Scotland, with remainder to the heirs 
male of his body. [S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 8, p. 220.] 

The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland. 
Warrant, after reciting that he had thought fit that Lord Halton, 
Treasurer Depute, be lodged in Holyrood House for his better 
accommodation in his constant attendance on the King's service, 
and the warrant next calendared to the Duke of Hamilton, requiring 
them lo give orders forthwith that these lodgings be put in sufficient 
repair as to all things necessary for his convenient accommodation. 
[Ibitl. p. 223.] 

The King to the Duke of Hamilton, Keeper of Holyrood House. 
Warrant to take care forthwith that the said Lord Halton be settled 
in the lodgings appointed him there, viz., the north quarter in all 
the stories thereof, which has been lately built and repaired from 
the ground, with two liedchambers and two closets in the ground 
story of the east quarter adjacent thereto, and two little rooms 
beneath the back staircase of that east quarter, and also that he 
be provided in stables and coach house of those that were last built 
and repaired. [Ibid. p. 224.] 

Memorial of protection in the ordinary form to George Dickson 
of Hedderwiek for two years. [Ibid. p. 225.] 

Sir G. Talbot to Williamson. I never thought my business in 
any safety, till I understood from Mr. Grenville that his Majesty 
had referred it to your determination, for, since you have already 
condemned the illegality of Col. Dillon's grant, I cannot donbt 
of your justice to relieve us against him and the undertakers with 
him. This Lord Chancellor has quitted the partnership, and Lord 
Conway being made acquainted by what steps Col. Dillon obtained 
his grant has persuaded the rest of the partners here to let me 
quietly go on upon money and mortgages, lest, by their pretension 
to all, they lose all, and I am told he has written the same advice 
to Lord Ranelagh. If so, we shall meet with no further opposition 
to have our letter signed in the same form I sent it penned by 
advice from hence. But, whereas Mr. Dillon's grant entitles him 
to mortgages (which are money security), I must beg that in the 



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CHARLES II. 17 



1676. 

instructions to the Lord Lieutenant, Mr. Dillon may be particularly 
debarred from proceeding on mortgagea, otherwise those, who have 
brought discoveries to me, will carry them to the partners who 
will give more for them out of their unlimited grant than the 
Exchequer will permit me to allow them. Wlien our letter shall 
be thus obtained, I beseech you send it away with the first under 
your cover that I may have time to fttna & new patent before the 
term. 

I hope you will have the same kindness and procure a non obstante 
for Sir E. Sutton. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 335, A'o. 149.] 

March 9, Lord Aungier to Williamson. Expressing his gratitude for his 
liODgford. great goodness and generosity in thinking of so inconsiderable a 
. person, out of all business, and almost out of the world. [Ibid. 
No. 150.] 

March 9. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting the petition of 
wuiebaii. Marj', roUct of Edward Adderly, in behalf of her son, Thomas, a 
minor, which stated that Thomas Adderly of Downderow, the 
said minor's great grandfather, many years before the late 
rebellion paid to Florence McCorty More and Charles, his son, 
(neither of whom or their heirs have been declared innocent) 900?. 
sterling by way of mortgage for the three plowlands and a half of 
Dromkeene, Currine (Curraheen), Classifre (Clashafree) and 
Ballylangley in the cantride of Kilbrittain, co. Cork, and also 50/. 
by way of mortgage for the half plowland of Lasterinfreneen 
(? Laherfineen) in the barony of Kmalea, eo. Cork, which was 
before incumbered, so that 6/. jicr annum has ever since been paid 
by the mortgagees for the same, but the said lands amounting to 
near 2,000 English acres have ever since been in the mortgagees' 
possession and so continue, only during the late rebellion they 
yielded them little or no profit, that the said Mary does not 
certainly know whether the said mortgagors ever released their 
equity of redemption therein, but such a release was so far believed 
in that on the distribution of the '49 interest no notice was taken 
of these laitds, it being supposed they were held in fee, though 
the benefit of redeeming such mortgages as on 23 Oct., 1641, 
belonged to Papists is by the Acts of Settlement and Explanation 
vested in the Crown towards the satisfaction of the arrears of the 
'49 officers, that Capt, Thomas Adderly, the minor's grandfather, 
served with great fidelity in Ireland before 5 June, 1649, and that 
his arrears have been stated at 1,000/. whereof only 150/. have 
been received, and the petitioner therefore prayed that the King, 
towards the satisfaction of the remainder of the said arrears, 
would release to the said minor the right and benefit of redeeming 
the said lands and pass to him the estate and inheritance thereof, 
authorizing and requiring him, in case he finds the said allegations 
to be true, to cause letters patent to be passed containing a grant 
of the absolute estate and inheritance of the lands above mentioned, 
and a release of the right of redemption to the said minor in fee 
simple in full satisfaction of the '49 arrears yet unsatisfied of the 
said Capt. Adderly, at the rent of 5/. per anmim in addition to all 
the old Grown rents payable thereout, with a proviso that all estates 
made or granted by the father, grandfather, or great grandfather 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



March 10. 
lannonth. 



Msrch 11. 

Enririah. 



of the said minor relating to any of these lands shall continue 
in full force. [Nearly 8 jxMes. S.P. Doni., Signet O^ce., Vol. 9, 
p. 288.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Recommending Capt. 
Gustavaa Hamilton to bo captain of the first foot company that 
shall fall void in the Irish army, with regard to former letters of 
recommendation, \lhid. jt. 291, and S.P. ]>om., Entry Book 21, 
p. 169.] 

The King to the Lord Lientenant. Warrant for swearing Sir 
Richard Gethin of Ballyfimiter (Ballyviniter) , co. Cork, of the Irish 
Privy Council. [_S.P. Dom., Signet Ofire, Vol. 9, p. 291.] 

Richard Bower to Williamson. Our Nonconformists as yet keep 
their promise to our bailiffs, having foreborne meeting hitherto. 
Our constables having had warrants to take distresses on some that 
were long since convicted would not do their office, pretending they 
could not get into their houses. Our sessions being at hand I 
threatened to prosecute them for the neglect of their dut}', on which 
they met yesterday at my house and went to Mr. Sheldrick's, one 
of their teachers, who was convicted for 20/,, and on his denying 
them entrance broke open his hatch, and took a distress, on which 
he paid them the 20/. There are different opinions about it, some 
alleging that they have done more than they can answer, others 
justify the act, so that there is like to arise some trouble about it. 
The house I live in is already bought over my head, my dwelling 
being, as they judge, too near their meeting-bouse, where they cannot 
preach bat I must hear them. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, Xo. 232.] 

Commissions to Capt. Clifford for Sandys' company and to Lieut. 
Edmond Burke for Aid ifajor. Minutes. [S.P. Dom., Enlry 
BooA 41, p. 20.] 

Sir R. Carr to Williamson. Just as the King was Bitting down 
to dinner I received yours, and gave him the news, which he 
told me he would read as soon as he had dined. The post being now 
going, I asked if he had any commands for you ? He said, none at 
present. If he gives me any, I will send them to-night, if another 
post goes. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 968, Xo. 233.] 

Dr. Timothy Halton to Williamson. Mr. Provost and the Company 
have considered how to dispose of Oakley, and, though several of 
the society had a very great kindness for Mr. Brathwaite, yet it 
seemed somewhat hard to pass by one of the present Fellows, who 
desu-ed it. But, after I had acquainted them that you had a respect 
for Mr. Brathwaite, and that you would take it kindly if that place 
were conferred on him, those who formerly opposed it readily sub- 
mitted, and we have found another expedient for his competitor. 
To-morrow Mr. Brathwaite will have the grant of the place, and I 
hope it will pass item. con. [Ibid. Xo. 234/] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson, Yesterday evening one of our 
packet-boats sailed with few passengers. The wind continues 
easterly, so we hourly expect the return of one of our packet- 
boats. [Ibid. No. 235.] 



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1676. 

March 11. 

Portomoutb. 

March 11. 

SouthnmptoD. 



Hngh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.E. No news. [S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 368, Xo. 286.] 

Thomas Farr, Mayor, to Williamson. Before your letter came, 
the men and horses were all Bhipped and gone, so I have returned 
the enclosed. The vessel went on the 5th. [ibid. No. 237.] 

March 11. Hugh Acland to AVilUamson. No news. Wind N.E, [Ihid. 

Truro. jY,,. U38.] 

March 11. Thomas Holden to Williamson. A French merchantman of 80 
FslnioDth- tons, the Leander, of Bordeaux, bound for Dublin with wine and 
brandy, was lately taken off Scilly by two Dutch capers of 14 and 
10 guns. There are some things observable in the blowing up of 
the Church at St. Colomb, first that the pulpit was never started 
out of its place, nor in the least defaced, secondly, that the King's 
arms being blown away from where they stood fell flat on the 
Church Bible, so that both were preserved. It is believed that 
2,000/. will not repair that church. The wind remains N.E., so 
that about 80 merchantmen are now in this port bound for several 
places in France, expecting a fair wind. \^lhid. No. 289.] 

Warrant to the Sheriflf of Hertfordshire to reprieve Judith Ansell, 
condemned at the Hertford assizes for the murder of her child, divers 
circumstances having appeared which made it probable that the child 
was stillborn. Minute. [_S.V. Dom., Enti-y Book 28, f. 126.] 

Lord Arlington to Williamson. I am somewhat late in acknow- 
ledging yours of the 9th with the enclosed news, because I have 
been expecting something to accompany my humble thanks to 
justify the trouble they may give you, but nothing has happened, 
or is like to do so, but the successes of the races, which I take but 
little pleasure in seeing, and you would take as little in reading, 
but I am abundantly comforted by the good air, of which I have 
my share, which I hope will prove as beneficial to his Majesty's 
heath as it is to mine. \S.P. Dom., Car. II. 368, No. 240.] 

Sir B. Carr to Williamson. I asked the King and Duke what 
commands they had for you. Both answered, none at present. 
They both read your letters yesterday, and I afterwards showed 
them to the Lord Chamberlain. The post will not come in to-day 
till four and resolves to go out by one, and so constantly every day, 
BO that you must not expect an account of the receipt of letters till 
the day following. Mr. WicUfe cannot live, and a Fellow' of Jesus 
College crossed the way, and flung Mr. Felton and the Scotch 
horse down, who bad otherwise beaten Diamond, on whose side 
great odds were laid. By this accident Mr. May suffered some 
100/., many others, and myself to the value of 110 guineas. [Ibid. 
No. 241.] 

William Hinton to Williamson. Requesting him when writing to 
Sir W. Temple to desire him to be concerned for Mr. James Boeve's 
business and to move both the Prince and the States for a dispatch 
thereof before the Prince goes into the field, and also requesting him 
to take notice, if be thinks it convenient, of the King's letter to the 
Prince and of the Prince's thereupon to the States, llbiil. No. 242.] 



March 11 



March 12. 

Newiuu-kct. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
March 12. 

March 12. 
Whiteball. 



Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[S.P. ])om.. Car. 11. 368, Nn. 243.1 Enclosed, 
The mid lixl. [/tirf. No. 243 ij 
The Duke of Monmouth to M. de Louvois, In recruiting my regi- 
ment two gentlemen have offered to engage themselves each to raise 
800 men and to transport them to France on condition that I give 
them aeompany of only 100 men, and that the other 200 bedistrihuted 
among the other companies. I have believed it tobe for his Majesty's 
service to employ them, hut, fts the proposal will augment the regiment 
by two companies, pray procure the King's approval thereof, and send 
me his orders about it. [Fivnch. S.I'. Dmit., Entry Bool- il, p. 2i.] 
March 13?) Sir R. Can* to Williamson. I received yours yesterday and in 
12o'o1ook- less than a quarter of an hour after the post came delivered the 
enclosed to his Majesty and acquainted him and the Duke no foreign 
letters were come in. The King has commanded Secretary Coventrj' 
to write about the yate (yacht). He and the Duke have no other 
commands. Johnny Wiclife died yesterday. The Lord Chamberlain 
went early this morning to Eust^n to return to-night. Pray pardon 
the great packets being directed to you. It is the King's business 
and I feared would not go so safe with any other direction. [S.P. 
Dom.. Car. 11. 868, So. 244.] 
March 18. William Parrey, clerk of the Hospital, to Williamson. Informing 
Christ'i him of the resolution of the Court, that he may present a child dulj- 
HogpitKl. qualified, either male or female, to be educated in the Hospital. 
[7fciW.A'rt.245.] 
March 13. Secretary Coventry to Williamson. I immediately acquainted his 
Newmarket. Majesty with yours of the 11th, who very readily agioed to it, and 
commanded me to write his order to Mr. Pepys about it, which I 
have done. We have no news here, hut March dust in abundance 
and December ice. I am in great haste with coming from hunting 
and going to dinner. [IhUl. Xn. 246.] 
March 18. Silas Taylor to Williamson. It has of late blown such storms 
Harwich, and gusts of wind from the E. that we believe the packet-boat, that 
sailed hence on the 7th, hardly got by the 10th or 11th to the Brill, 
whence none of onr packet-boats are as yet returned hither. The 
Kitchen yacht with her prisoner saiied yesterday morning, wind 
N.W. This morning it blows briskly again atE. llbUI. Xo. 247.] 

March 13. James Houseman to Williamson. Last night after the French 
DoTcr. iQ^] ^as gone came a small box from Mr. Delaberbre, of Calais, 
directed to me with order to dispatch it to you. I have sent it this 
morning by the post with the Flanders mail. [Ibid. Xo. 248.] 

March 13. Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. Last Wednesday afternoon 
Wejmoutb. near Milburne l>etween Dorchester and Blandford, John Mathew, 
the Exeter carrier, coming from London, was robbed of above 8001. 
by four persons, the judges having passed along not above half an 
hour before. Mr. Mathew dogging them, one of them told him he 
should leave them unless he would lose his life before his time. 
I hear of none of the robbers taken. The assizes at Dorchester are 
not yet ended. A full grand jury not appearing there, three justices 
of the peace were returned and served. [Ibid. No. 249.] 



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1675. 
March 13. The Lord Keeper, the Earl of Danby and Sir J. Williamson to 
Whiiehkil. Secretary Coventry. This morning the Lord Mayor and Aldeimen 
have been with us to inform us of the late passages in the Common 
Council, which by their representation not only appear to have 
been very tumultuous, but au if they were designed to give a trouble 
in the Parliament as they have Already done in the City. They left 
the enclosed papers, as some short account of what they then 
discoursed more at large, and upon the whole we find it of that 
infinite importance to have this settled by his Majesty before the 
meeting of PaiHaraent that we humbly request his Majesty to 
return hither by Thursday the 25th at farthest, and, if it were 
possible, by Tuesday the 23rd, because the week following is Passion 
week, and the week after is Easter week, when most of the good 
members of the Common Council will be absent, and we think it 
necessary that time should be given for a Common Council to be 
called after his Majesty's resolution in Council taken, and before 
those weeks come on, wherein no business will be done, which con- 
sequently will drive the meeting of that first Common Council to 
the time of the Parhament's sitting, which will probably he highly 
inconvenient. Therefore we cannot but again repeat that his Majesty 
would seriously consider this, so as to enable us to assure the Mayor 
and Aldermen that he will hear this matter time enough to give 
effectual orders in it. In the meantime the Lord Mayor means not 
to call any Common Council till he have better assurance of their 
temper, wliich resolution may be worthy of his Majesty's appro- 
bation. The Mayor and Aldermen told us that some of the Common 
Council, or some employed by them, are already sent to give some 
representation of this matter on their part, but, since no application 
has been made to us by them, we desire his Majesty will suspend 
his belief of anything of that sort, which may be brought him, till 
his return to hear both parties. [H.P. Dom,, Entry Book 48, 
p. 19.] 

March 14. Sir J. Robinson to Wilhamson. The Lord Mayor yesterday kept 
The Ttnrer. us till four. You might perceive I had a very great distemper on me 
last night. I came home mightily out of order, slept ill and thia 
morning am rather worse than hotter, else I was resolved to have 
waited on you, but I dare not stir abroad. [ii.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 369, No. 1.] 

March 14. H. Oldenburg to Williamson. This is the small collection of 
PkiiMaii. philosophical fragments I lately mentioned, and have taken the 
confidence of addressing to you. being fully persuaded of your 
goodness in accepting this mite. I enclose a paper formerly printed 
in vindication of the Royal Society against a hectoring writer, 
which I believe you have not seen, and will not be displeased with. 
{Ihid. No. 2.] 

March 14. Bir B. Carr to Williamson. I am very glad you now and then 

NewnmrkBt. keep SO good company as honest Sir John Daunie and Sir Kit 

[Musgrave]. I received the minutes of Council and showed them 

both to the King and Duke and acquainted them no foreign letter 

was aa yet come in. \_Ibid. Xo. 3.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
March 14. Dr. John Pell to Williamaon. I hope I have concluded Mr. 
Elzevii-'s affair concerning GrotiuB to his satisfaction. At his return 
to London he will wait on you for your order for the dismission of 
those copies he imported. I enclose a rude draft of an inscription 
for Dr. Beeby, which, I shall either shorten or lengthen or other- 
mse amend as you direct. Xoted on the back, that the epitaph 
was delivered to Dr. Halton, 8 Oct. 1675, to be engraved, and not 
returned. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 4.] 

March 14. Dr. Richard AUestree to Williamson. At present, that I know 
ChnatCburrh. ^f^ there is no place in our chapel void. 'Tie probable I shall make 
half one void as I come up to London, but whether Mr. Westcomb's 
part be that which will be void or whether half a place wilt gratify 
him I know not as yet. I go by Eton up to London, and shall 
inform myself of the whole state, and mc^e myself as able as I 
can to gi'atify him in this. [^Ibid. No. 5.] 

March 14, John Reading to Williamson. Giving an account of the arrivals 
DoTer. and departures of the packet-boats. About seven on Friday night 
Lord Douglas with Mons. Bevenette and some others went for 
Calais in a yacht. [Jfcirf. No. 6.] 

March 14. Bill for thread, tape, &c. bought that day from Robert Sopton, 
amounting to 1/. 4«. l^d. [Ibid- No. 7.] 

March 14, Secretary Coventry to William Ramsden, Lord Mayor of York. I 
Newnuu-ket, have received your account of your re-imprisoning Maskall, as some 
letters say in the common gaol, and that he has been threatened 
with irons, in order to make him incapable of giving evidence 
according to the King's intentions ; also of your releasing on bail 
those (except one) whom you had the King's order to commit, so 
that in both respects you have diBobeyed his commands. Besides, 
you are alleged to have yourself taken away the King's warrant 
for not prosecuting Marshall. The King will not patiently 
endure his orders to be slighted and the country deprived of 
evidence against such notorious miscreants as clippers. Maskall 
will not be pardoned unless he reveal all he knows ; he is not 
to be prosecuted this sessions, but left in the condition of being a 
witness ; for the King will not have you indict the men accused 
and then clap up their accuser. He ie bo sensible of the prejudice 
to trade and to the whole kingdom by these clippers, that he will 
allow no officer to divert the sentence of law from any of them, 
on peril of his utmost displeasure. Should Maskall be thus 
disabled from giving evidence, and bo the accused be cleared, or 
if they make their escape by your connivance, his Majesty will be 
highly offended. I hope these things have been misrepresented, 
for forcing away the King's warrant in a ease of life and death, 
is no petty affront to him. [S.P. Dom., Entnj Book 28, 
/. 128.] 

March 15. Sir E. Carr to Williamson. I am very sorry for what you 

Netrmarkct. mention in yours. I am sure it is a very ill juncture of lime, and, 

as you think I lean too much one way, I wish all you three, that 

are to set things straight, lean not too much the other. I obeyed your 



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commaiids iu the postscript;, and said not one x?ord. I find it 
wondered at none of you three made any mention of it. Last night 
many letters came to several, one, as I hear, from Sir J. Robinson 
to Secretary Coventry, one from Sir J. Sheldon to Sir Allen 
Apsley, one from Sir T. Player to the Lord Chamberlain. I had 
likewise an account at large, which is so particular that I cannot 
biit believe it true, and then I know who are in the wrong. When 
I heard things maintained out of letters, I likewise produced my 
City letter, but not one word of anything else. I delivered the 
enclosed to the King and Duke within half a quarter of an hour 
after the post came, and will not 80 much as dine out of town 
because your letters shall be first. The Lord Chamberlain is gone 
to dinner at Saxham. {S.P. pom., Car. II. S69, No. 8.] 

March 15. Richard Gleadow to Williamson. We have had very little to 
Hull. itdvertise for a long time, only of late several quantities of rye have 
lieen imported, notwithstanding which the price keeps up abofe 
40s. a quarter, and now that the spring puts in, trade begins to 
flourish, several ships being now here outward bound, viz., two for 
Hamburg, and several for Eastland and some for Rochelle and 
thence to the East. Yesterday came in the Mei-ckants' Desire of 
Hull from Cadiz with sherries, oils, fruits, &c., who came with the 
Bristol. She brings very little news, only while she rode in the 
Bay there they saw two Argier men-of-war, which came into the 
Bay with English colours, but about two hours after set sail and 
then put out their own, but did no harm. This is the first ship 
that is gone from here to that place these several years. \Ibid. 
Xo. 9.] 

March 15. Edward Bodham to [Williamson] . A Danish ship arrived on Satur- 
Lynn. day from (irimstat in Norway tells ua there wintered at Mardo and 
Ferkevy 300 Hollanders, "20 whereof were lost on that coast. They 
caused victuals to rise to an excessive rate, so that a bar of lish was 
sold for 10 rUdoUais and a firkin of butter for 12. Since his 
Majesty recalled hie Indulgence to the Nonconformists there have 
been no i)ublic meetings, but I am informed they meet in private. 
As to Roman Catholics there are none in this town. Several 
Nonconformists in the country hereabouts are prosecuted in the 
Exchequer. [Ibid. Xo. 10.] 

March 16. Hugh Salesbury to WilUamson. Wind E.N.E. We ai-e fitting 
ForUmontb. out only the Adtenture and Onemsei/ for Tangier. Yesterday came 
■ ' ' ilbid. No. 11.] 



March 15. 
Truto. 



two quarters' pay for the dock and ordinary. 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. There was a great meeting of 
Quakers in a pansh adjoining this town about seven last Friday even- 
ing, where there were a great many others of young people that were 
not of their opinion, but went out of curiosity. The room being 
full one of the most eminent among them began to speak and told 
them that God's childlren were quiet and peaceable and advised 
all to walk in the ways of God, for they should all come to 
judgment before Him, and, as soon as he had spoken these words, . 
before he could proceed any further, the planchion fell under them, 
and they all fell one on another, only some few, who were by the 
windows, escaped the fall. In this fall divers children and others 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



March 16. 

Plymouth. 



were much bruised but no other hurt. It is reported they are to 
meet again to-morrow to coDuecrate a meetiog house they have 
erected about a mushet shot from this town, if his Majesty's 
proclamatioQ, which was proclaimed here last Saturday, do not 
prevent them. Wind N.N.E. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 369, No. 12.] 

Francis Bellott to 'Williamson. Since my last 40 or 50 sail are 
come in here, mostly outward bound. There are at present near 
100 sail in all. Yesterday come in a Dutchman from France with 
French goods, who some leagues to the East of this met three 
French men-of-war, a rear -admiral of 60 guns and two of 40, who 
came on board him and, understanding he had French goods and 
was bound for Amsterdam, charged no man should take a farthing 
from him. The other day an Ostender, meeting an English vessel 
from Bouen, plmidered him sevetely. Other shipping news. 
Wind N.E. [I6td. No. 18.] 

Royal assent and confirmation of the election of Dr. Ralph 
Brideoke to be Bishop of Chichester. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Euti-y 
Book 47, 2>- 5.] 

Sir R. Carr to Williamson. As you desired, I delivered the letters 
to the King, and after to the Duke, and then to the Lord Chamber- 
lain. I likewise spoke to Secretary Coventry about the Dutch 
East India deputies. He tells me he has already sent you the 
King's pleasure in that. We have no news, no horse match 
yesterday or to-day. To-morrow Lusty runs. Two or three 
thousand pounds are betted on that match. Ned Rower, Walden 
and your humble servant now and then diink your health. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 369, No. 14.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. Since my last the weather has been 
and continues very stormy, the wind betwixt N. and E. Sunday fore- 
noon in a very short time one of our packet-boats arrived from the 
Brill. I had by letter from Holland this account. A Holland man-of- 
war going homewards from the Thames took a small Dunkirk caper 
of ei^ht guns and brought her to the Brill on the 10th. Sunday 
sennight the soldiers who were quurterad in the Brill marched 
thence, being the regiment of Grave Jan '\'an Home, formerly 
Col. Palmes', who marched with five more regiments for Antwerp, 
where they are to join five other Holland regiments, to stretigthen, 
as he writes, the Spanish forces, to attend the motion of the 
Prince of Cond6 in Brabant and Flanders. An East Indiaman of 
40 guns, not far from Helvoetsluys, is making ready, and will 
suddenly be laden for the Indies. [Ihul. No. 157] 

PhUip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. 16.] Enclosed, 

The gaid tUt. [Ibid. No. 16 1. ] 

Secretary Coventry to Williamson. I received yours of the 15th, 
and showod the King the enclosed papers, which ai*e still in the 
hands of his Royal Highness. His Majesty conceives nothing more 
to be sent to Sir W. Temple at present, it being conceived he has 
already orders to procui-e the States to persuade what they can with 



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CHABLES II. 25 

1675. ■ 

the Emperor to adjust the matter with Prince William. Monsr. 
Ruvigny declares the Most Christian King will accept of hie being 
put into a third band. We are here hot in our wagers, but cold in 
our carcasses. I have felt since my being here aa much cold in an 
English spring as an Italian \vinter. Sure Monsr. VanBeuninghen is 
in the right ; the States either do not think of peace, or not of those 
terms. I find by Mr. Bulstrode Don P. de Bonquillo has no order 
as yet to come over, the Count de Monterey having assured them 
that the Parliament will not sit, so it seems the Spanish Ambassador 
IB to come to wait on the Parhament, not the King. I will not 
delay you longer, being to see the issue of the great affair betwixt 
Lusty and Nutmeg, wherein Mr. Frampton, a gentleman of some 
120/. rent, is engaged 9001. deep. I hope the world will see we 
have men dare venture as well as Monsr. de Turenne. 

We have had no particulars here of the affair of the City, at least 
the King told me so yesterday. Sir T. Player and that party have 
sent their case and their reason, but none come from the Lord Mayor 
and Aldermen. One I had from Sir J. Robinson, but no state of 
the business, only words in general. [S.P. Dam., Car. II. 369, 
A'o. 17.] 

March 17- Sir E. Carr to Williamson. I received yours yesterday. We 
Newmarket, have not at present so much as news of horsematches but this 
afternoon there is to be a famous one, and I have made two, and am 
about another against the next meeting, and then 1 hope we may 
have your company, for I think, without overvaluing ourselves, we 
may say here, we are as good as those you were left with. \jhiA. 
-Yo. 18.J 

March 17. Thomas Corr to Williamson. I have made Irald to give you 
w'it'n'ii "0*"^^ *^f ^^ 8ad and deplorable condition of mostof the poorer sort 
* of the inhabitants of this country, who now through want, though 

formerly householders and farmers, are constrained to go abrotuj, 
and beg for a livelihood for themselves and their famines, which 
proceeds not so much from a scarcity or want of corn as from the 
cunning and uncharitable practices of a sort of people both in 
several comers of the country and also in the best of our towns, 
who at the most advantageous seasons for themselves buy up 
all the corn in gross, the one sort to transport it by shipping to 
other places, the other to lay it up till scarcer times, and then to 
retail it at intolerable rates for the poorer sort, to the utter 
depression and decay, it not timely prevented, of the yeomanry of 
these northern parts, which, with the rest of the yeomanry of 
England, have always been accounted the host seminary for 
soldiers in the whole world, and whereof his Majesty might have 
been well served on all emergencies, the consideration whereof 
may be more nearly pressed by this, that these people, having once 
got a habit of going idle and begging, will hardly, even in more 
plentiful times, be reduced from those lazy and vagrant courses, 
and BO the nation shall more and more swarm with them, as they 
now do in most places. Therefore I have made this known to you, 
that some remedy by the Privy Council may be put to this growing 
inconvenience, which perh^s is not unfitting to be represented to 
you before the next meeting of Parliament, wherein if any restraint 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



be put to such undue practices, though it may be diBgusted by 
those that uae them, yet particulars are to yield to generals, 
according to that of Seneca, nulla res satis ciniimoda eat omnibus, 
id iii»do qiiferiliir, si iitajori parti i-t in sniiuno prodest. It only 
remainu that I crave your pardon for this and the trouble of 
another paper I gave you formerly on another subject, and I would 
take it as a favour to know by a line from you, whether J do not 
offend in giving you these diversions from your other more public 
cares. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 19.] 

March 17. T. Aslaby to Williamson. The light fleet that were at anchor in 
Bridlington, t^ig b^y, are, WO judge, got down to their loading ports, the wind 
being fair when they loosed. We expect the laden fleet from New- 
castle the morning tide, the wind being W. Pray give me a line, 
when you hear anything concerning the farm of the Customs. 
llbUl. So. 20.] 

March 17. Richard Watts to Williamson. These 15 days past the winds 
Oe*l- have blown very violently, so that boats scarce came on shore or went 
off without sinking. Notwithstanding, no harm was done to any 
ship in the Downs. The East India ships have rid the whole time 
between Gravesend and this, expecting westerly or N.W. winds to 
bring them into the Downs, being outward bound. Now only a 
topsail gale, and pleasant weather at S.E. [Ibid. No. 21.] 

March 17. Francis Bastinck to Williamson. About noon to-day the packet- 
DoTsr, boats for Calais and Nieuport went to sea with the mails that came 
from London last night, the wind fresh at E. Several passengers 
went over, but none of any quality, [Ibid. No. 22.] 

March 17. The Mayor and Jurats of Dover to Williamson. According to 
his Majesty's command the bonds taken of aliens that came to 
inhabit here were sent up last December, and delivered to Sir 
Philip Lloyd, then clerk of the Council. The conditions of them 
were that they should pay scot and lot and discharge the parish, 
and, when they left their habitations, deliver up their certificates of 
habitation, and many were obliged to deliver up their certificates 
when required. Since then several of them are removed, others 
cast away and some of the families Ukely to be chargeable to the 

tiarish, and others have not paid the poor and Church cesses. We 
inmbly detiire yuu to move his Majesty to let us have the bonds to 
compel all the parties bound to deliver up the certificates, which 
if hia Majesty thinks fit, we shall use our utmost endeavour to call 
them in. We have granted no certificates to strangers since the 
Mayor's appearance before his Majesty in Council. [Ibid. No. 23.] 

March 17. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind E.N.E. No news. [Ibid. 
rorUmontb. \o. 24.] 

March 17. The Lord Keeper, the Earl of Danhy, and Sir J. Williamson to 
Whiteh»ll. Secretary Coventry. You will see by the date of the other letter it 
was intended to be sent by the ordinary of Saturday night. The 
reason it was not was, because, after it was prepared, four principal 
members of the Common Council, viz., Sir T. Player, Mr. 
Thompson, Mr. Nelthrop, and the Common Serjeant, Mr. Jeffreys, 



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came late that afternoon to me, the Lord Keeper, where they found 
me, the Lord Treasurer, and there acknowledged their error, that 
they had put any question after the Lord Mayor was risen, and 
excused it upon the heats and passions raised by the debates, and 
further acknowledged that the sole power of calling Common 
Councils and dissolving them rested in the Lord Mayor, and 
renounced all pretences to precedents in the late ill times, desiring 
only to try their rights by the law and the precedents of the best 
times, whereby the main things in controversy seemed to us to be 
in a fair way of accommodation by this kind of submission. Which 
being done, I, the Lord Keeper, sent for some of the Aldermen to 
come to ma on Tuesday morning, but, their number not being so 
full as they wished, they desired to come again this afternoon, when 
we were all three present, and are now informed that yesterday 
they held a Court of Aldermen, where they questioned the Common 
Serjeant for his misdemeanour in the last Common Council. The 
Lord Mayor expected such a kind of submission from him, as had 
been made before, and would have gladly received it. But on the 
contrary the Common Serjeant justi£ed what he hod done, as being 
his duty, and, being ordered to withdraw and afterwards called in 
again, refused to give any other satisfaction. Whereupon the Court 
of Aldermen have suspended him from his office, sequestering in the 
meantime the profits thereof and depositing them in safe hands, till 
a further proceeding be had. This very much surprised us to see 
the matter break out afresh, which being the case, we desired the 
Lord Mayor and Aldermen to come and speak with us at 10 on 
Saturday morning, and to bring their counsel with them, to prevent 
all heats of discourse, and we likewise desired the four gentlemen 
above-named with some others of the Common Council men to be 
here at the same time, and to bring counsel with them, intending 
to interfere as fai' as we possibly can to accommodate the matter, 
without offering in the least degree to determine anything judicially. 
But, lest our endeavours should not succeed, we could wish for the 
reasons mentioned in the former letter, his Majesty would shorten 
his stay there, for, if there should be no agreement, it seems to us 
ot abijolute necessity there should be one Council day, and time for 
one Common Council after that day, before the middle of the 
Passion Week. Our great care has been to presei-ve ourselves 
indifferent in the matter, being of so great importance, and we hope 
his Majesty will do the same, in case any representations be made 
on either side, till he ahall have heard both parties. [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Book 43, p. 23.J 

J. Lord Arlington to Williamson. I acknowledge two ot yours ot 
■ the 13th and 16th, In the former was an account of your having 
signed with the Dutch Commissioners, in the latter the discourse 
Monsr. de Euvigny had held with you touching the article of 
Prince William of Fur3t[enberg], wherein you had anticipated his 
Majesty's commands by writing the first post to Sir W. Temple 
about it, for which you craved his Majesty's allowance, which I 
asked pro forma for, though 1 could have told you the King had 
some days before directed me to write to Sir W. Temple in that 
point. At noon to-day I expect my wife here, and have his 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



March 18. 



Majesty's leave to accompany her to EuBton, whence I will return 
Sunday morning, and wait out the rest of my time here. [&'.P. 
Dom., Car. JL 869, No. 26.] 

Sir E. Carr to Williamson. I received two of yours of the 16th 
yesterday with two enclosed to the Duke, but have not had any 
news from you these two posts. I delivered Lord Robartes' letter 
to his Majesty who showed it to the Lord Chamberlain. I will not 
fail to remind him of keeping it. I thought fit to let you know the 
expectations that was of the Cucumber, knowing what leger -de-main 
you may come to meet with. My intimation of partiality was not 
80 much to you as your comrade. As I hear the matter it sounds 
oddly. We were all undone yesterday, Lusty, Lord Montacute's 
horse, being sadly beaten, but the King has no thoughts of stirring 
till Saturday sennight. [Ibid. No. 26.] 

Jo. Field to W. Bridgeman. Requesting that the caveat con- 
eeruing a share in the New River, calendared post, p. 87, be entered. 

[IbUl. No. 27.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. The packet-boat which sailed on 
Sunday was driven back, and came in Tuesday afternoon. Yester- 
day she sailed again about 2 p.m., and another this morning betwixt 
2 and 3, but the weather continues stormy and the wind blows hard 
easterly. [Ibid. No. 28.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.E. No news. [Ibid. 
No. 29.] 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind S.E. [Ibid. 
No. 90.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The wind continuing for at 
least 20 days together at E, and S.E., there are now here above 60 
English merchantmen, most from France, Bilboa, Lisbon, &c., home- 
ward bound the next fair winds. Yesterday came in the Bitcay Mer- 
chant and the Boiiarentitre from Bilboa, and the Ann of Ely from 
Bordeaux with wines homeward bound, which say that the report 
there was that the French King would begin his progreea for the 
army in the Low Countries on the '28th and that they are making 
great preparations both by sea and land for the next summer's 



.rations both by 
[Ibid. No. 31.] 



expedition. 

Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the same news as the 
last. [Ibiil. No. 32.] 



March 18. J. B. to 



March 19, 

Whitehall, 



— . I was to have spoken with you last night, but 
bad not the opportunity, wherefore I come again this morning, 
having, as I sujjpose, some things of consequence in that affair to 
discourse. If you will let the bearer know when and where, he 
may call me presently to you, unless you will meet me at your old 
lodgings from which I shall not be far. [Ibid- No. 38.] 

Minutes of the proceedings of the Privy Council. Affidavits o! 
three of Lady Portland's servants of their being beaten in Charter- 
house Lane read. Ordered that the pai-ties complained of be 
summoned to attend the Board next Friday. The business of 



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arrestmg Michael Hale and Thomas Flood of the Queen's Troop 
heard and dismissed. Petition of the owners of two ships built 
with two decks for abatement of CuatoniB read and respited till his 
Majesty's return. Petition of Nathaniel Tilly, &c. against building 
in Spitalfields by the trustees of Mr. Wheeler's children read and 
respited till his Majesty's return. Petition of Peter Gale about 
cordage seized by him and rescued from him. The parties com- 
plained of to be summoned to attend. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, 
No. 34.] 

March 19. Sir R. Carr to Williamson. I enclose a letter from his Majesty 
and also Lord Robartes' letter, which the King was very glad to part 
with, it being a very dry one. I every post ask the King and Duke 
what commands they have for you. The weather is not so season- 
able as we could wish, but matches are so ordered that there is now 
no thoughts of the King's stirring till to-morrow sennight. No one 
wishes an end of the unlucky difference more than myself, but I find 
such violence used that I fear it will not be ended so soon as it 
were convenient, [itirf. No. 85.] 

March 19. Request for a careat for Mr. Maximilian de I'Angle for the pre- 
Newuuket. boudary's place first vacant at Canterbury, the King having promised 
it to him, [Ibid. No. 96.] 

March 19. Anthony Isaacson to James Hickes. We have upwards of 
Ncwoiitle. 200 colliers now in this port, some of them la^en, but the wind is 
out of the way. {Ibid. No. 37.] 

March 19. Philip Lanyon to Williamson, Enclosing list of ships arrived, 
Plymoath. ^jbid. No. 88.] Enclosed, 

The said lisii. [Ibid. No. 88 i.] 

March 19. Sir J. Williamson to Secretary Coventry, I received this 
Whitehall, afternoon yours of yesterday with the enclosed for my Lord Keeper, 
my Lord Treasurer and myself in answer to ours about the business 
o£ the City. To-morrow morning my Lord Keeper means to try 
what can be done as a private friend for accommodating the matter 
between them, I would willingly hope well of it, but, I confess, 
I dare not presume so far, knowing well bow deep that humour 
lies with some, how long it has been breeding, and what far views 
and designs there may be reason to suspect they have framed to 
themselves as to the future. My Lord Keeper means to handle it 
with all possible gentleness, far from the least partiality or 
inclining to either side, whatever appear upon the enquiry into it, 
aiming only at the allaying of heats, softening the minds one 
towards another, and, if it cannot be brought to a friendly end of 
themselves, then to leave it fair for his Majesty to bear at his 
return. 

I have been told by M. de Ruvignjr the declaration of the Most 
Christian King of his accepting of Nimeguen, and have taken leave, 
thongh I could not have a particular express order for it from his 
Majesty, to signify it by the last ordinary to Sir W, Temple, 
One thing, methinks, was very remarkable in it, that absolutely 
that King from henceforth owns and declares the Grown of Sweden 
for his open and formal ally in the war, in that be declares he 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



cannot do this or anything else in this whole work sans son s^en et 
eoiwntement, and in another place that he ie ready to send his 
plenipotentiaries, &c,, to treat at Nimeguen, Ac, coiijointement avee 
cntx de la Coiirmmr de .SuMf, which, methinks, has thrown the 
Swedes as formal parties into this war, whether they will or not, 
and 80 Holland will certainly from henceforth take the case for 
judged even out of their own mouths, that is out of the mouth of 
their ally, the Most Christian King, and, this being so, it is plain 
how slow every step is like to be made in this work of the treaty, 
when the consent of Sweden must at every time be sent for to 
Stockholm, &c. [.S.P. Dom., Entry Hook 48, p. 21.] 

Caveat that no grant pass of a prebendary's place in Canterbury, 
the King having promised the same to Mr. Maximilian de I'Angle. 
IS.V. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 9.] 

Sir R, Carr to Williamson. I delivered the papers to the King 
and Duke who has them still. I intend to-day to »end them to the 
Lord Chamberlain, and have desired Mr. Richards to keep them 
together, that at our return thoy may he delivered to you. I 
should be heartily glad an expedient were found for the ending the 
unhappy difference. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 39.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. About noon the 14th one of our 
packet-boats sailed and was forced back again the 16th, yet 
ventured out the 17th. Early on the 18th another sailed, but 
yesterday both together were forced hack and put in again about 
5 in the afternoon. The wind continues a very fret from the E. 
so that no vessels venture so much as to cross within our harbour. 
However yesterday afternoon arrived a small boy from the 
Brill in a very short time, but with very great hazard. She 
brought over several passengers (the women especially have 
scarce yet quitted their affrights), no packet-boat being there to 
receive them. I spoke with one of them last night, who told me 
he was at the Hague on Tuesday, and the Prince of Orange, as he 
was informed, returned two or three days before, [/tirf. No. 40.] ■ 

Francis Baatinck to Williamson. Last night arrived here from 
London the French mails, but the wind blowing hard at N.E. the 
packet-boat remains here still. Lord Howard, the Queen's 
almoner, came here last night with several other gentlemen, who 
remain here, expecting a yacht to carry them over. Last night 
arrived the French mail from Calais. The packet-boat brought 
over several English soldiers that came out of the French service, 
with whom came a person from Zealand. He reports that several 
privateers of that place have brought and daily bring into 
Middleburg and Flushing several ships of subjects of the King of 
Sweden, already to the number of above 20, by virtue ol com- 
missions from the Elector of Brandenburg, which vessels with 
their ladings are condemned at Trevere (Terveer). Last Thursday 
a Zealand caper with a Brandenburg commission took two Swedes 
' vessels laden with deals bound for France. The wind blowing 
hard they were dispersed and one of the Swedes came into and 
remains in this harbour in (he possession of the Zealander, who 
put his own men on board and took the Swedes out. We expect 
the Flanders mail every hour. [Ihid. No. 41.] 



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1675. 
March 20. 

WhitehaU. 



CHARLES n. 



Sir J. Williamson to Secretary Coventry. The enclosed will give 
you an account of our meeting this morning with the Lord Mayor 
and Aldermen and some of the Coramon Council. The matter 
itself is plain and very easily accommodated, hut I douht whether 
the humours that set it on foot are so. It was evident, by this 
moming's work, there are great heats breaking out, if not speedily 
and warily prevented. It is very judicious what is observed there, 
that it is not fit to appear too much moved or concerned at such 
incidents, and yet at the same time this is one of that nature that 
seems to require and deser\'e a very serious care should be had of 
it. I hope his Majesty's own hand may in a great measure heal all, 
but truly I doubt less than that will not do it. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 43, p. 29.] Enclosed, 

The Lord Keeper, the Earl of Danhy and Sir J, Williajason 
to Secretan/ Corentn/. To-day we hatl a meeting with the 
Lord Mayor and Aldermen and gome of the principal members 
of the Common Conncil, the former four and direra others, 
which icag the Arst time that ever we »aic them both together. 
The gentlemen that appeared of the Common Cmincil were 
withont any laicyern, as we had appointed at our last meeting 
to prerenr heats, deelarint/ they had no aitthority to retain 
counsel for the body of the Commons, for they appeared only 
in their private capacity. When ne saiv that, we would not 
suffer the counsel for the Mayor and Aldermen to speak, thai 
so they viight be upon equal terms. Our first care was to 
declare, that we entered not upon the matter as judges 
but as mediators, and then to let them see that we desired 
to enter upon no questions, hit sneh as were the questions 
when they first fell out. We began with the part of the 
tumult which happened after the Lord Mayor was risen, 
and the sword taken up, and therein tlie gentlemen of the 
Common Coancil, and particxdarly Mr. Jeffreys, notwUhstand- 
ing what had been said by him before in the Court of AhJennen, 
unanimously declared that all that was done <^fter the sword teas 
taken up, was irregular and not to he justified, and acknowledged 
their error in it, and the right of the iMrd Mayor to call and 
dissolre Common Councils, withal declaring they should nerer 
desire to insist on any rights, but such as are warranted lyy 
precedents of the best times. This we recommended to the 
Mayor and Aldermen present, as a great degree of satisfaction, 
and baring obtained of Mr. Jeffreys that he would inake the 
tame acknowledgement in the Court of Aldermen, recommended 
them to accept of it, and to restore him vpon it. This they did 
not seem unwilling to do, l»it thought this was not all, for the 
negatire roice of the Lord Mayor, his lordship said, had been 
questioned. We avoided that question and the debate of it, hit 
with a reason enough for the advantage of tlie Court of Alder- 
men, for the Ijord Keeper said that, as this was not the question 
vow, so there was reason to believe that it would nerer be 
questioned hereafter, the rather, became till Feb., 1648r-9], at 
which time the Usurpers passed an Act to take array the Lord 
Mayor's negative roice, it was never doubted, and these gentle- 
men had declared they would follow the precedents of the best 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



times. So we declined the debate, though the Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen had hroiight eoimtel and the City books to enter upon 
it. Thence we entered upon the ritfht of choomig the Judge oj 
the Skerijfs' Court. We shorted them tliere weir htt two ways 
of delermining it, by course of law or by reference. If by 
course, then either another judge mu*t lie admitted by tJie Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council to enabh kini to bring 
an action against him that was admitted by the Lord Mayor 
and Aldermen alone, or else there must be a way to try it by a 
fictitious and feigned action, neither of which we thought so 
proper as the way of reference, which we commended to them 
either to he by a committee to be chosen amongst themselres, or 
to tinree or four of the judges, whom they could agree upon. 
Sir T. Player and the rest said, that they could not in this case 
answer for the Common Council, hit beliered they would tniitt 
upon having a man admitted in Common Council that might be 
equal with the other. We showed them that would be unequal 
to qtuUify a man with two rights to bring an action against him 
that had but one, and that a nwre equal way would be, that the 
present man should- surrender, for that it would most naturally 
tend to a reference of one kind or other. I'kis the gentlemen 
of the Common Council seemed to like well enough, hut the 
Ijord Mayor and Aldermen desired time till Tuesday next to 
deternnne of it in a Court of Aldermen, in the meantime not 
showing much aversion to the proposition. Thus we restrained 
the debates for a time to the matter, till at last some reflecting 
speeches on each side broke out, which we presently allayed, 
and both sides disapproved the speakers. So upon the whole 
matter we hope there are good dispositions to an accommodation, 
the assembly being very numerous, and the whole company 
seeming to part uith some satisfaction. [S\ pages. S.P.Dom., 
Entry' Book AS, p. 25.] 



Sir R. Carr to [WilliamBon] ■ I received yoars yesterday. The 
Duke was gone to Gulford. laent bis letter after him, and wrote 
(Wi excuse to Sir J. Worden for not Bending the newB, for the King 
was at a play and had not read it ; be returns to-day. \S.P. Dom., 
Car. n. 369, No. 42.] 

Francis Baatinck to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
departures of packet-boats and mails. Lord Howard remains here 
still, and as yet has no news of the yacht appointed to carry him 
over. [IMd. No. 48.] 

Grant to Dr. Thomas Sberley of the place of physician to the 
King in ordinary. Minute. iHome Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 64.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting the petition of 
Sir George Gilbert, Alderman of Dublin, which set forth the great 
want in Ireland of the Great Beam or Common Balance for weighing 
all goods in seaports, cities and towns, and prayed a grant to him 
and bis assigns of setting up the said Great Beam or Common 
Balance in the seaports, cities and towns of Ireland for 61 years, 
the reference thereof to the Lord Lieutenant and his report thereon 
dated 19 Dec. last, that setting up the Great Beam or Common 



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CHARLES II. 38 

Balance in Ireland might be useful, so as none be oompelled to 
weigh any goods by it and that no fees be exacted except from such 
as desire to make use of it, authorizing and requiring him to cause 
letters patent to be passed containing a grant to the said Sir George 
Gilbert and assigns as prayed in the petition, subject to the condi- 
tions mentioned in the report. [Nearhj 2 foges. S.P. Dom., Signet 
Office, Vol. 9, p. 296.] 

The Duchess of Portsmouth to Williamson. "Vous maves antes 
(otez) da la plus grande penne du monde anmanvoyant (en m'en- 
Toyant) la lettre du roy. Sy vous annaves plus pas une pour 
moy, je vous conjure, monsieur, de les vouloyr garder, car je 
seres sans doute vanderdis (Vendredi) a Londre, ou jes pere que 
je voufl vaires pour vous remersyer de tons vauaoin, et vous asurer 
que personne net (n'est) plus vautre tres umbie servante que La 
Duchesse de Portsmouth. 

PoatBcript. — Jes pere que vous vouderes bien prandre la penne 
d'anvoyer toute ses (ces) lettre a leur adresse. Je vous an conjure, 
monsieur. Anvoy, je vous snpliB, selle de Madame gcroup aussy 
a Madame Bauclay." [S.P. Dom., Car II. 869, No. 44.] 

James Hickes to Williamson. Explaining at great length how 
Williamson's letter to himself, saying he intended writing late on 
Friday night, had never reached him, so that Col. Whitley after 
sitting up till 2 o'clock had gone to bed. 

On Saturday night in obedience to yonr commands I enclosed 
yours to the Duchess of Portsmouth at Wilton, and required Mr. 
Bedbury, the postmaster, to carry it or send it by a safe hand to her 
Grace, and desired an answer by return of post after doing so. I 
also let him know it was your particular command he took all care 
in the safe delivery of what letters came to or from her during her 
stay in those parts. I acquainted the colonel with your directions 
concerning your officers' letters, all which he strictly charged me to 
observe, and I desire and hope they will so merit your favour that 
they may have them free as Lord Arlington's servants had and 
Secretary Coventry's have, for they are not many. [Ihid. No. 45.] 

Richard Potts to Williamson. Here has been for several days 
violent stormy weather, and last Friday was lost a small vessel 
laden with coals, which drove forth of Hartlepool pier. Two fisher- 
men of the place were lost in her and one of the ship's company. 
Wind N.N.E. [Ibid. No. 46.] 

Francis Bastinck to Williamson. Lord Almoner Howard remains 
here still, expecting the yacht to carry him over, which we have no 
news of yet, hut expect this wind hinders it from coming down the 
river. The packet-boats are also still in harbour, which might 
have landed their mails on the other side and been here again, if 
they would have gone to sea, and the Calais packet-boat might 
have gone to sea and landed their mail at Calais this noon 
tide. It cannot be above 4 or fi hours run, the wind continuing 
N.E. 

To-day came in here a Swedes vessel laden with deals, bound 

for France, and sent up by a Zealand caper that sails with a 

12402 Q 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



firandeaborg oommisBion. The privateer's men report there will 
suddenly be at sea 40 capers from Zealand with the same com- 
misaions. [S.P. Horn., Car. II. 369, No. 47-] 

March 22. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Since m; last, at least 56 sail 
Pendennis. are come in here from several parts of France, mostly for Loudon, 
but some for Holland, and two or three from Bilboa, and four or 
five from Stockholm or Norway. The wind continued E. and N.£. 
all last week, and is at present at North, so that the ships are 
endeavouring to go ont to-day. Here ia likewise a Flushing 
privateer of 4 guns bound for se&. There are in all, gone and 
going out, about 150 aail. \^lUd. No. 46.} 

March 22. Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 20th came in here the Mai-y 
Falmoqth. of Dovor with wine nnd brandy from Nantes, homeward bound. 
Two days before they met a Flushing caper, which took from them 
brandy and other goods. The said caper is now alao come in, and 
the master has demanded aatiafaction, and, if the captain will not 
give it, he will compel it by law. The wind to-day is come into 
the N.W., BO the fleet of merchantmen for France are putting to 
sea, and, if it holds, those homeward-bound will put to sea also. 
The Flushing caper now come in has been 5 weeks at sea and met 
with no purchase. She saw several fleets of Frenchmen but with 
convoy, and keeping so close to the shore that she could do no 
good on them, \lbid. No, 49.] 

March 22. Thomas Holden to James Hickes. News the same as in the 
Fftlmoath, last. [Ihid. No. 50.] 

March 22. T. B. to . The time and night you desired, and I thought 

to have spoken with you, I could not. One reason was, because I 
intended to have bad a fuller account of that concern I last 
hinted to you, and have now, wherefore I desire again to speak 
with you about that and several other things that, for augnt I 
know, may be of consequence for the present and future in the 
concerns you know. This bearer will inform you where I am, and 
will give me notice to come to you, when you appoint the time and 
place, \lbul. No. 61.] 

March 28. Sir R. Carr to Williamson. I delivered the Duke his letter, and 
the news both to the King and Duke, and afterwards to the 
Lord Chamberlain. Yesterday the King had dined before the Duke 
came from hunting, hut the Lord Chamberlain coming late to town 
had not dined, and his Highness was pleased to dine there, and was 
very merry. I never knew King and Duke in better health or 
better humour. [Ibid. No. 52.] 

March 23. Roger Bedbury to James Hickes. Stating how he bad delivered 
8»™™- the Duchess of Portsmouth the letter enclosed by Hickes, and 
forwarding her answer to it. [Ibid. No. 53.] 

March 23. Silas Taylor to Williamson. About evenmg last Sunday, the 

Harwioh. wind moving more towards the North, was much duller than before. 

Yesterday it was most northerly, and to-day is much westerly. 

Yesterday morning one of the packet-boats sailed and another IQ 



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the afternoon, being the two put back two or three days before. 
Most of the ships put iu here by the last tedious easterly storm are 
saUed. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 969, No. 54.] 

&[arch 23. Morgan Lodge to Williamson. At 8 this morning a great ship 
DeaJ- coming into the Downs outward bound run aground on the Brake 
Head where she sits dry for this tide, the wind being N.W. and 
fair weather. It ia hoped she will get off again ; many of our boats 
being gone to her assistance, by whose help she is got off, and is 
gone for Dover harbour, being very leaky. She was bound for 
Tangier and Malaga ; her name is the Chicheley frigate. [Ihid. 
No. 55.] 

March 28. Richard Watts to WilHamBon. Towards night yesterday the 
I***!- wind veered from N.N.E. to S.W. and ao continues. We have had 
very foul weather about 26 days past, not two days' pleasant 
weather all that time. Divers homeward-bound ships, we hear, are 
forced to Ireland or the West of England. In all these storms we 
have had about 40 ships in the Downs, yet no harm done. A topsail 
gale, llbid. No. 56.] 

March 23. Francis Bastinck to Williamson. About 4 this morning the 
Dov«r. packet-boats for Nieuport and Calais went to sea, and about the 
same time the Mary yacht came into the road, and about 8 Lord 
Almoner Howard went on board and sailed with a very fair wind at 
N.W. The Calais packet-boat is expected back to-night if they do 
not go into the harbour to land their goods, for a N.W. wind keeps 
them there, and being out, is fair to come over, but the weather 
being smooth and daylight, 'tis not doubted they will land what 
they have in the road. 

Yesterday were posted up in several parts of the town papers by 
the Mayor and his brethren's directions to call in all seabriefs 
forthwith. He tells me several have already tendered their briefs 
and demanded their bonds, which, he says, are at London, but he 
expects them to be suddenly sent down. [Ibid. No, 67.] 

March 23. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. The Adrenttire and Guemsetf 
Portamonth. ^^6 now ready, only wanting seamen to the first, the other being 
well manned. [Ibid. No. 58.] 

Mar. [23.] George Dyer to Williamson. In his master Captain Lonyon's 
absence enclosing list of ships arrived. Wind S.E. [Ibid. No. 59.] 
Enclosed, 

The saUl list. [Ibid. No. 59 1.] 

March 24. gir R. Carr to Williamson. Yesterday his Majesty rode himself 
three beats and a course, and won the plate. AH four were hard 
and near ridden. The King won by good horsemanship. Last 
night a match was made between Btuecap and a consealed horse of 
Mr. Maye's called Thumper, to run the six mile course, 12 stone 
weight, on Tuesday in Easter week for 1,000 guineas, and this is all 
oar Newmarket news. 

I delivered your packet yesterday to bis Majesty, who told me he 
will write, but it growing late I write first and then intend to go to 
him again for his letter, if it is to be had. I constantly show the 
Lord Chamberlain your news. [Ibid. No. 60.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



[1675.] 

[MnrchT] [Daniel Elzevir] to [Williamaon ?] . In 1640 Jean Maire printed 
at Leyden Grotius' De Veritatt Religionig CkriatiaiKe, of which the 
manuscript was given him by the author himself. About 20 years 
ago I bought it of him, which was pirated at Oxford by a bookseller 
named Webb about 18 years ago. Notwithstanding, I have never 
stopped sending my edition of the said book to England, nor has 
the said Webb ever attempted to hinder my doing so. His widow 
endeavoured to sell any right she might have to the London book- 
Bellers, but, as they saw they could not prevent my edition being 
sold, they would not give her anything. She applied since to the 
Curators of the Sheldonian Press, who bought it from her for &l. 
as I am informed. Last March one of the chief London booksellers 
wrote to me that it was intended to print the book at Oxford, and 
he advised me to send a good number of copies to London to 
anticipate this, and offered me his assistance, but, as I had only 
about 800 copies, I had 2,000 printed, all of which I sold to John 
Dunsmore, merchant bookseller in London, and sent him them 
about six months ago. On their arrival here, the bookseller who 
had written to me, seeing I had sold them to Dunsmore, and besides 
being annoyed at my having sent some books to the Oxford book- 
sellers, who had asked me for them, wrote to some one belonging to 
the Sheldonian Press, that 2,000 copies of Grotius had arrived at 
London, and that they had the right to have them seized at the 
Custom house. They consented to do so, and by this intrigue the 
books are still at the Custom house. 

By the above one may see clearly that it is out of mere jealousy 
that the books have been seized and that a right is desired to be 
established here, which no one ever had, and which is in direct 
conflict with the law of nations, and the custom established all over 
Europe among booksellers, among whom it is considered a sort of 
theft for one to reprint another's books, though this happens oftener 
than it should, but no one ever yet had the impudence to hinder 
him who had first acquired the copyright from selling his edition. 
I know of only one instance that happened in Germany, where a 
certain bookseller pirated my Quinbta Ciirtius tiuin notig VarioTiim, 
and obtained a privilege from the Emperor, by virtue whereof he 
wished to stop the eale of my book in Germany. I was obliged to 
apply to the Imperial Court and remonstrated on the unfairness of 
a man who had stolen my copyright having the boldness to demand 
a privilege, and, though we were not then on good terms with the 
Emperor, the said bookseller was fined, and I was allowed to sell 
my book as before. 

As it is very just and equitable that the right of those who have 
invented any manufactures should be maintained here, and in eveir 
other trade those that have been invented elsewhere are allowed, 
although they have been counterfeited here, it would be unjust to 
wish to hinder others from transporting what they have acquired by 
their industry, and it would finally oblige the other statos to employ 
the same methods, which would at last ruin all correspondence and 
commerce. 

I know that the trade in books is not so important for the 
kingdom as that in cloth and other stuffs, but it is no less 
important for the republic of letters that the trade in books, nhicl) 



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CHARLES II. 



March 24. 
Doctors' 
Commoas. 



are not forbidden by the laws of the kingdom, should be free, as it is 
to others that the traffic in other goods be promoted and not 
thwarted. 

I hope not only that the reasons above given may be sufficient to 
cause the bale in question to be given up to John Dunsmore, but 
that it may be provided that envious people may not do similar 
wrongs without being punished for them. [French. 2^ pages. 
S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 61.] 

Sir L. Jenkins. Discharge of the bale of Grotiiia De Veritate 
stopped at the Customhouse at the request of the persons to whom 
the affair of printing in the University of Oxford is committed, with 
the consent of the said persons, and request to the Commissioners 
of the Customs that the said bale he delivered to Daniel Elzevir or 
his order, the customs being first paid. On the back is a note of a 
letter from the King to the Lord Lieutenant for a grant of the 
bishopric of Rillaloe to Patrick Sheridan, B.D., Dean of Connor. 
[Ibid. No. 62.] 

Wednesday B[aron] de Viques to [Williamson.] The wind suddenly turning 
a a.m. favourable, the ships set sail at 6 p.m., bo I am like to be 

[March 24.] disappointed of my man I sent to London to your Honour. I left 
**Bow order he should follow me into Zealand through Flanders, and, 
should he bring any box of yours, leave it with the postmaster at 
Gravesend. [Ibid. No. 63.] 

March 24. Morgan Lodge to Williamson. The Chicheley frigate, of which 
De«l. I gave you an account yesterday, went for Dover, but there was not 
water enough there for her, so this morning she is returned and 
goes back for London, and 30 of our Deal men go up in her for 
help, for they are forced to keep the pumps going and bale also, and 
all little enough to keep her free. The wind has come about to the 
South-west. Postscript. — The said vessel is gone for the Swale. 
[Ibid. No. 64.] 
March 24. Richard Watts to Williamson. News of the ChicheUy as in 
De»i- Lodge's last two letters. Several Deal men are gone with her in a 
hooker to save the shipmen's lives, if she founder. Wind S.W., a 
topsail gale. [Ibid. No. 65.] 
March 24. Francis Bastinck to Williamson. About the receipt and dispatch 
Dover. of the mails and about the packet-boats. [Ibid. No. 66.] 

March 24. Caveat that Secretary Coventry desires that no grant pass of any 
reversion of a share in the New Biver, at present in Mr. Buck- 
worth's possession, without notice to him. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 
45, p. 8.] 

March 25. Dr. T. Stephens to Williamson. Thanking him for his ready 
Cambiiage. compliance (of which he had heard from his friend Dr. Knights) 
with a request made to him in the writer's behalf by Lord Chief 
Justice North, and for promising to acquaint his Majesty with the 
Lord Chief Justice's desires, and to act accordingly, either by moving 
the Lord Keeper for a prebend at Norwich or the Bishop of Ely for 
something in his donation, adding that he has formerly suffered for 
the King both sequestration and imprisonment. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 869, No. 67.] 



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1675. 
Mftrch 25 



March 25. 
Pljtnouth. 



March 26. 
March 26. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Roger Bedbury to James Kickes. Yours with the eDclosed for 
the Duchess was delivered last night into her own hands. She 
conies away to-morrow, Friday, for London, and intends to ride it 
in one day. Horses are laid along the road. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 
369, No. 68.] 

Silas Taylor to WiUiainson. A little before noon yesterday came 
in here the Ilichmoiul yacht, wind S.W. They expected to meet 
Count Coningsmarck here from Newmarket who is not come yet ; 
several of his attendants are bore. To-day ,the wind holds the 
same place, but blows somewhat fresher. None of the packet-boats 
are yet arrived from Holland. llbUl. No. 69.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. The five East Indiamen and 
Virginia, Straits, i^c, outward bound, are fallen down and to-day 
anchored in the Downs. Wind S.W., not a topsail gale. [Iltid. 
No. 70.] 

Francis BasUnck to WilUamson. About S this morning the 
Calais packet-boat lauded the mail and came into the harbour the 
same tide. They brought over about 20 Frenchmen, most of them 
tailors. [/Wd. No. 71.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W.S.W. Col. George 
Legg, Governor of this place, came yesterday to town. No ships 
are stirring either in or out. [Ibid.. No. 72.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. 78.] Enclosed, 

The said list. {Ibid. No. 78 1.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The liecoveiif of Fowey, a small 
vessel, came in here, which about a month ago took in at 
Plymouth goods for Topsham, and the day after they put to sea a 
violent storm blew them over to the French coast, and going into 
a port near the Green Island an Ostend caper boarded them, and 
took from them two hogsheads of sugar, two half hogsheads of 
spirits and broke open 7 or 8 seamen's chests wherein were several 
runlets of Canary and clothes which they carried away, also they 
beat the master and men very much, so that one of the men died 
three days after they came in. They say a French man-of-war 
had lately taken 9 capers. {^Ibid. No. 74.] 

Certificate by Sir William Peake that John Vaen on that day took 
the oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him. [Ibid. No. 75.] 

James Hiekes to Williamson. No letter came to hand last 
night for Mr. John Hoi ford in Taunton. When you send 
anything for the Colonel, please let it be directed to him, which 
that was not, only to be delivered to him by me. [iWrf. No. 76.] 

Sir John Fowell to Williamson. I acknowledge the honour of 
yours, which I had done sooner, had these parts afforded anything 
worth your reading. I was last week at our assizes at Exeter, 
when our judges gave great satisfaction to all. especially Lord 
Chief Justice North. We had there, by our Lord Lieutenant's 



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CHARLES II. 



1675. 

directions, a meeting for the better settling of our militia, which 
baa of late been Bomething neglected with us, as I doubt it haa 
been also in some other of our neighbouring counties. But. now 
that we have authority, I hope we shall discharge our trusts in 
that. 

We have already sent away to the Newfoundland from our poor 
town of Dartmouth near 40 ships, all according to the late regula- 
tion confirmed by His Majesty in Council. 

A French man-of-war, being informed of a small Dutch 
merchantman that was run into a little cove aground near the 
Start point for security, sent in her boats very insolently and 
carried her away about a fortnight since. 

Sir W. Fortman being lately here with me, I perceived he was a 
little troubled that, after his Majesty had signed a warrant in 
answer to bis desires for settling a regulated corporation again in 
Taunton, a stop was put to it, which truly I am sorry for, for besides 
that I should have been glad to have Sir William Ratified, 
I conceive, that, if the government of that town were put mto the 
hands of such loyal and well affected persons as I perceive is 
intended, it would have been much for his Majesty's service, and 
to the aatiafaction of all the neighbourhood to that populous poor 
place, wherefore, if you think fit, pray enquire a little after it. I 
anderstand it was stopped in Secretary Coventry's hands, after his 
Majesty signed the warrant. I suppose you find by this time 
how apt those are to give others trouble that have little to do 
themselves, wherefore, craving your pardon, I rest. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 369, No. 77.] 

March 26. William Wakeman to Williameon. Last Tuesday night was cast 
BaniBtapie. away near Ilfordcombe the Arms of Biistol bound from Bristol for 
the Barbados. Sixteen persons were drowned, but the rest, about 
40, got to land, some in the ship's boats, and some driven in on 
the wreck. She was a very fine ship of about 350 tons and 
with 26 guns. Very little of her cargo is yet saved, and there is 
very little likelihood of saving much more. [Ibid. No. 78.] 

March 27. Anthony Isaacson to Williamson. Near 200 loaden colliers 
NewoMtie. sailed hence within these last three days. Several of the loaden 
colhera which sailed the beginning of last week were forced by the 
then easterly storms to ma^e Leith Itoad, but some light colliers 
that came in to-day report meeting them with a fair wind, bound 
southward. This day sennight, as I am informed, twenty armed 
men forced out of a house near White Shanck on the Borders 
betwixt Carlisle and Berwick six packs of wool, seized formerly by 
one of the Custom House officers for those Borders, and carried it 
away by force for Scotland. I need not tell your Honour of what 
bad consequence it is. {^Ibid. No. 79.] 

March 27. Samuel Hodgkin to Williamson. Colliers both light and laden 

SnnderisDd. daily pass by and come in here. One that broke Bichmond Gaol 

and came here to be transported was apprehended, and yesterday 

sent back to where be escaped from. He is said to be a person of 

estate, living in that part of the country. \_Ihid, No. 80.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
March 27. 

Harwich. 



Silas Tayior to Williamson. One of our packet-boats arrived 
\v'ith two mails last iiight, and another with one this morning. The 
passetigers in the last informed the master that several were 
imprisoned in Holland for attempting to poison the Prince of 
Orange, among whom was a cook, and that some had already died 
for it, and others had been put to the torture, hut the certainty of it 
I know not. 

Last night Count Coningsmarck, it is said, went on board the 
liichinond yacht, and sailed about 6 this morning for Hamburg, 
wind S.W. IS.P. Dom., Car. 11. 369, A'o. 81.] 

March 27. Francis Bastinck to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
Do'e"-- departures of the packet-boats, [ibid. -Yo. 82.] 

March 27. Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. A small vessel of this town ■ 
w«yinooai. ftn-ived here two days since from Croisic, and one from the Straits 
came into our road yesterday, bound for some place in France. 
Neither brought any news, but a small vessel from St. Malo, which 
was a fortnight at Guernsey on his passage home, says that at his 
coming from St. Malo there were about 90 sail bound for fishing 
near Canada, many of whom were afraid that the King of France 
would make them yearly pay the 60 $oh per ton he made them pay 
this year for going out. 

Yesterday Mr. John Harrington, whose father was sometime one 
of the serjeants-at-arms, had his boy, one Prince, baptized in our 
church, he being about 16, and not baptized before, and the son of 
a Nonconformist, to see which the church was fuller than it useth 
to be, he having godfathers and godmothers according to the 
ceremony of the Church. He was named Mico, in regard that 
yesterday was the anniversary day hereof, and a sermon preached 
by order of Sir Samuel Mico, deceased, who had given 500i. to our 
town, and ordered the yearly income thereof to be given to ten 
poor seamen here, except 20s. for the sermon, [^[bid. No. 83.] 

March 27. Anthony Thorold to Williamson. The 25th arrived the Haaitiel 
Lyme. of this place from the Tesel but 10 days since. The master says 
the States had not then begun to fit any of their men-of-war there. 
Some hours after his coming oat, he met three, pretending to be 
Ostend privateers, of 10 guns a piece, but he rather thinks them 
Dunkirkers. Certainly many Englishmen were on hoard them. 
They took some of the merchants' goods out of the hold, but very 
mnch plundered the master and seamen, notwithstanding they had 
a Beabrief. The same day arrived the Mary Anne of this port 
from Morlaix. The master says be did not hear of any fleet fitting 
at Brest. A ship or two of force had gone for Ireland, as was said, 
to fetch soldiers from thence, and make as great preparation for 
the field as they can. [Ibid. No. 84.] 

March 27. Sir J. Williamson to Sir Richard Ford. Pequesting his support 
Whitehsll. ^t a meeting of the Mercers' Company to be held that morning 
for ttie choice of a professor at Gresham College in the place of 
Dr. Goddard, deceased, in favour of Dr. Grew, a person of very 
eminent parts and worth in his way, whom very able and ingenuous 
men judge to be every way fully qualified for this chair, and in 



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CHARLES II. 



March 27. 

. Dublin, 



March 28. 

Wbitrball. 



March 28. 

Whitelull. 



whose favour all that wish well to the King's foundation of the 
Philosophical Society in that house ought to be zealous, for the 
great use he is to that body, [S.P. Diim., Entry Book 48, p. 32.J 

Robert Lei^h to Williamson. Mr. Graham not being returned 
Bince my last is the reason you have not heard further from me on 
that business ; but Lord Aungier, who is well acquainted with that 
affair and first sent Mr. Graham to me, is himself now goingwith 
the Duke of Ormonde to England, and undertakes both to settle 
the matter between you and Mr. Graham, and to convince you that 
this cause is proper enough for you to protect and can no way reflect 
on you, BO that I have no more to do till you and my lord have 
conferred and I receive your further commands. As for forfeited 
concealed lands and the like I have several discoveries by me, but 
I see so many others concerned in the like, and the Lord Lieutenant 
so averse to them all, that I judge it not seaeonahle as yet to put 
you on the like. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 336, No. 151.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. The Guernsey, 
that carries Lord Inchiquin, is gone to Spithead, and is there ready 
to receive him. {S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 85.] 

Bestitution of the temporalities of the bishopric of Chichester to 
Ralph Brideoke, D.D., to commence from the death of the last 
Bishop of Ely and the promotion of the late Bishop of Chichester 
to Ely. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry Bmk 47, p. 6.] 

Warrant to the Attorney-General to enter a nolh prosequi on an 
information exhibited in the Court of Exchequer by John Fell, D.D., 
and Thomas Yates, D.D., touching the seizure of a certain bale 
of books entitled, Grotius, De Veritate Religionis Chnstiana, printed 
beyond seas. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 51.] 

Licence to John Tregonnell, his heirs and assigns, for changing 
the fair day from the eve, the day, and the day after the Feast of 
Sampson, the bishop, to 6, 7 and 8 June, and, if any of them hap- 
pen to be a Sunday, then on the day after, and for changing the 
market day from Monday to Tuesday, and for holding the same in 
his manor of Milton, Dorset. Minute. [Ibid. p. 52] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant for letters patent 
granting to John Roane, D.D., Dean of Clogher, the bishopric of 
Killaloe, void by the death of Daniel, late Bishop thereof. [S.P. 
Dom., Signet Office, Vol. 9, p. 298, aitd S.P. Dom., EnUy Book 21, 
p. 169.] 

Dr. Brune Ryves to Williamson. I was not a little surprised 
with yours of the 25th, not knowing which to account the greater, 
my gratitude or my wonder that, in the midst of your weighty 
eng^ements, you should fasten on any opportunity to cast a 
thought towards so decayed, so worthless a person, as I am. I 
have now almost served my generation, and I cannot but account 
this voachsafement of yours as no small part of the temporal 
reward of it. I look on it aa a precious ointment to embalm 
me to my hnrial to he thus valued by Sir Joseph Williamson, 
and let it be the epitaph on my grave. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, 
No. 86.] 



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42 

1675. 
March 29. 

Chrisfs 

Collie, 

CambridgB. 



March 29. 

Bridlington. 



March 29. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Dr. Ralph Cudworth to Williamson. I bad long since have 
congratulated your being bo deservedly preferred, had I not been 
about that time seized with a violent sickness, and afterward 
detained under long weakness. Your former great civilitieB 
encourage me to make this humble request, that, as I am certainly 
informed the rectory of Nor[th]church in Hertfordshire is newly 
become void by the death of the late incumbent. Dr. Wiltord, the 
presentation whereof belongs to bis Majesty, you would present to 
him the enclosed petition, and yourself further and promote the 
same, I being otherwise unknown to him, though I once preached 
before him at Lord Crofts' in Suffolk. I have no church dignity, 
nor other living than the vicarage of Ashwell, which my Lord of 
Canterbury, then of London, presented me to, but it is of small 
advantage, so that I should easily quit it. {_S.P. Doin., Car. II. 
369, No. 87.] 

T. Aslaby to Williamson. We see daily ships both light and 
loaden pass to and again. Wind much westerly. [^Ibid. No. 88.] 

Edward Bodham to Williamson. To-day Lord Townshend and 
Sir R. Carr are here. The greatest affair here is about electing a 
burgess. About 8 or 10 days ago it was thought Alderman Taylor 
would carry it, but since it is at most hands thought Mr. Coke will 
do so. llbid. No. 89.] 



March 2 
Truro. 



No news. Wind W.S.W. [IbUl. 



I. Hugh Acland to Williamson. 
No. 90.] 

I. Francis Bellott to Williamson. This last week 14 or 15 sail 
came in here, mostly small vessels from London for France, three 
of them Dutchmen pretending to belong to Dover bound for France. 
We have now a clean harbour, only two or three Dutchmen expect- 
ing convoy. Wind these five days N.W.,now S.W. [Ibid. No. 91.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. By a small vessel from Scilly I 
hear that last Wednesday there came out with him from there above 
100 English merchantmen, some bound home and some for France. 
Wind N.W. The 26th the Bell of London came in here from 
Rotterdam, which says that the Brandenburg has declared war 
against the Swede, and that several capers are fitting out at Flush- 
ing with Brandenburg's commission to take the Swedes. The 27th 
the Joseph of London put to sea for Bilboa, with several other 
vessels for France. The masters of the right English vessels say 
that the English merchants and seamen would have a brave trade 
if there were not so many alien ships made tree, which much abates 
the freight and seamen's wages, and it is the country's counsel that 
it is better for our trade that the war continues, than that we should 
mediate for a peace, except feignedly. 

The 26th a ^reat Dutch vessel put to sea, which came from Cadis, 
loaden with wines. It is supposed she is Insured, or else she would 
not have run the hazard wiUiout convoy. [^Ibid. No. 92.] 



March 29. Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the s 
Fftlmouih. last. [Ibid. No. 98.] 



a news as the 



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CHARLES II. 



1076. 

March 2S 

Cbut«r. 



Matthew Anderton to Williamson. Last Wednesday the Mary 
yacht left Dublin for this port with a fair wind, having the Earls of 
Meath and ArdglasB and many others of good note on board, but, 
by what unhappy ^cident we know not, she sank. Hhe was about 
. 2 last Thursday morning on the north side of the Bkerries, that lie 
eastward of Holyhead bay. A Weleh vessel saw her under water, 
but about 40 persons on the Skerries which is an island about a 
league from shore, some part of which is never overflowed. 
[Original and Copy. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 869, Xot. 94, 95.] 

March 29. Inland advices received that day, being extracts from letters all ' 
previously calendared, [/fcid. No. 96.] 

March 29. List of the printing-houses taken that day. J. Bill and C. Barker, 
his Majesty's printers in English, Roger Norton, his printer in 
Latin, Greek and Hebrew, Thomas Roycroft, his printer in the 
Oriental tongues. Richard Hodgkinson, Robert White, Evan Tyler, 
John Maycock, Thomas Newcomb, William Godbid, Andrew Clark, 
Thomas RatcliEF, James Cotterell, Thomas Milboume, Henry 
Bridges, Edward Crouch, John Redmayne, John Streater, Henry 
Lloyd. Widows, Fleshier, Griffin, Symons, Maxwell, Porslow, in all 
28 bouses. 

Printing-houses bought in by the Stationers' Company since 
1672 :~Eaward Oakes, John Winter, Peter Lillicrap, all deceased. 

Printers set up since the Act was in force : — John Darby, William 
Rawlina, William Downing, Francis Eirkman, — Dawks, Matthew 
Drew, Josias Bennet, John Richardson, — Bowtell, Andrew Sole, a 
Quaker. [Ibid. No. 97.] 

March 29. Passport for Sir Thomas Longueville of Wolverton, Buckingham- 
WbitebaU. shire, to travel beyond the seas with his wife, Mary, and his daughter, 
Margaret, for recovery of his bealtb, provided that he do not frequent 
the company of any Jesuit, seminary priest or other disaffected 
person, and that he return on summons. [S.P. Dom., EnU-y Book 
14,/. 184.] 

March 29. On the petition of Andrew King praying a lease for 81 years after 
WbjtehaU. iija lease in being of the office of clerk of the bills of the Customs, 
recommendation to the Lord Treasurer to give order for passing 
such a grant as is desired, and that he take care at the same 
time for the acquitting of the within mentioned debt due to the 
petitioner from his Majesty. [S.P. I'ont., Entry Book 46, p- 20.] 

March 29. Presentation of Joseph Savers to the rectory of St. Mary's aliag 
Northchm'ch, Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, void by the death of 
Dr. Wilford. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 47, p. 6.] 

lilarcb 29. Warrant to the Lord Keeper to constitute Edward Peck one of the 
Whitehftll. King's Serjeants -at-law. Minute. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, 
p. 51.] 

March 29. Warrant to the Duke of Ormonde, Lord Steward, and the rest of 
the officers of the Board of Greencloth from 1 Oct. lost, out of the 



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DOMEHTIC STATE PAPERS. 



present assignment for the Houaehold, to pass, allow and pay all 
such Bums as shall grow due to the several persons and purposes 
specified in a certain paper they will receive from the Master of 
the Horse, which has been signed aM sent by the King, containing 
certain additions to the establishment for the stables. iHome Office, 
Warrant Book 1, p. 62.] 

March 29. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting letters patent 
vvhiuh.!!. of 2 Feb., 1065-6, directing that 3,155/. 2s. 6d., which the King was 
informed was due to Bir Paul Davys, deceased, late Principal 
• Secretary of State, or so much thereof as should be found due, 

should be paid him out of the remaiQing 27,000Z. of the 30,00(X. 
which was by the Act of Explanation to be paid to the Crown in 
lieu of the lapsed money, or out of the moneys payable on account 
of the year's value, ecceptiug the 60,000i. payable to the King 
thereout, and that an account should be stated of what remained 
due as aforesaid to the said Sir Paul, that on such account being 
stated it appeared that the whole of the eaid sum was due to him, and 
that the Duke of Ormonde, then Lord Lieutenant, issued his warrant 
dated 4 May, 1666, for payment thereof, but that notwithstanding 
he had received no part thereof, by reason that all the said moneys 
raised on account of the year's value bad been otherwise disposed 
of, and the said sum of 80,000^ had not yet been assessed, and 
that by letters of 1 Feb. last (calendared in the last volume, 
p. 567) the King had directed the Lord Lieutenant to give order for 
assessing and levying the said 80,0001., ordering him thereout to 
cause to be issued and paid to the executors, administrators or assigns 
of the said Sir Paul the said sum of 8,155^ 2«. 6d., care being taken 
that on their receiving the same such concordatums or other warrants 
as they have for the same or any part thereof be given up. [2^page». 
S.P. Dom., Signet Office, Vol. 9, p. 299.] 

March 29. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Similar letter to the last, 
Whitehall, directing payment of 5001. out of the same fund to Garoll Bolton, 
he having received no benefit from letters of 19 July, 1663, which 
directed payment of that sum out of that fund, immediately after 
9,0001. should have been satisfied to the Earl of Orrery out of that 
fund. {Ibid. p. 301.'] 



Richard Potts to Williamson. 
S.W. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 369 



'■] 



Fair weather. Wind 



March 80. 

UMd. 



Silas Taylor to Williamson. Betwixt 3 and 4 yesterday afternoon 
arrived one of our packet-boats from the Brill. The master says 
that Mr. Paine of thtit place told him that the Prince of Orange 
was taken sick with the smallpox, that he had been let blood, and 
that they were come out very full. 

About 11 last Sunday forenoon the Pearl came to anchor outside 
Landguard Fort. Wind southerly and weather fair. \Ibid. 
No. 99.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. Yesterday evening arrived in the 
Downs the Eagle from Bantam. Pleasant weather, wind S. and 
by E. ilbid. No. 100.] 



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CHARLES II. 45 

1676. "~ 

March SO. Francis Bastinek to Williamson. Laet night arrived the packet- 
Daver. boat from Calais with the mail and several English gentlemen, 
but they report no news. Abont 3 this afternoon arrived the 
packet-boat from Nieuport with the mail. The master reports that 
they talk of great preparations making to reinforce their garrisons, 
and that they fear the French will attack that place this summer. 
[.S'.R Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 101.] 

March 30. Hugh Sale'sbury to Williamson. Wind S.W. The Merlin yacht 
POTUmoath. and the Wirenhoe are both returned from convoying a ketch which 
carried over horses to France, llbid. No. 102.] 

March 30. William Hurt to Williamson. Yesterday a Dntch merchant* 
DftTtmonth. nian of Horn, of about 800 tons, which came from Cadiz with salt 
and 164 butts of wine, ice, being pursued by 4 French men-of-war 
made for the pier at Torbay to run his ship in there, but for want 
of water, it not being then half flood, she came aground within half 
a small pistol shot of the pier, and sent an end of a hawser ashore 
to fasten her. But the Frenchmen pursuing her, and one of the 
smallest getting somewhat near her, fired several guns at her, and 
the Dutchmen one at them, and, as soon as they had fired that one 
gnn, they all left their ship, and the Frenchmen with their boats 
entered her and brought her off, and have her in possession. 
[Ibid. No. 103.] 

March 30. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
PljmoQih. [Ibid. No. 104.] Ettchted, 

The said list. [Ibid. No. 104 1.] 

March 30. Receipt by Sir Robert Southwell for papers received from 
Secretary Williamson's office relating to the dispatch for Surinam, 
being some of those mentioned in S.P. Col., America, tie, 1676- 
1676, j>. 199, No. 501. [IbUl. No. 105.] 

March 30. Warrant appointing William Eillegrew for his life surveyor- 

Whiiehaii, general of Jamaica, void by the forfeiture of Burford. 

(Calendared in S.P. Col, America, dc, 1674-76, p. 197.) [S.P. 
Dom., Entry Book 14, /. 134.] 

March 30. Caveat that no grant pass of the Rectory of Tempsford, co. 

Whitehall. Bedford, diocese of Lincoln, the King having promised uie same a 

year ago to the Bishop of Lincoln. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 6.] 

March 30. Reference to the Attorney-General of the petition of Sir Strafford 
Whitchatl. Braitbwait for a patent to keep a market every Thursday, and a 
fair every 15 April, 15 August and 15 December at Catterick, 
Yorkshire. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 20.] 

March 80. The Duke of Lauderdale to the Earl of Rothes, Lord Chancellor 

Whitebsil. of Scotland. Whilst the King was at Newmarket I received the 

, Coancil's letter signed by you with one enclosed for his Majesty and 

with the petition of 18 of the outed Advocates, who submitted at the 

Council's bar, with some single petitions, all which I immediately 

dispatched to the King. Now upon his return I am commanded 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



b^ him to Bignify his pleasure that you call an eitraordinary Oous- 
cil against Thursday, 8 April, against which time he will declare his 
pleasure concerning that petition and another he has received here 
to-day from Sir George Lockhart, Sir John Cunningham and others. 
I shall receive his Majesty's particular directions, and not fail to 
dispatch them hence next Thursday. You need not call any of the 
Lords of the Council that are far from Edinburgh, for you can find 
enough near the town to make a sufficient quorum and the business 
will not be very extraordinary. [S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 3, 
p. 225.] 

March 30. Robert Leigh to Williamson. Recommending the hearer, Mrs. 

Dublin. FranceaLambert,formerlyMrB.SanderBOfBristoI,where her services 

to the King in the usurpers' time are well known, who is now on her 

Journey to Court to petition his Majesty once more. [S.P. Irelawl, 

Car. U. 386, .Y«. 152.] 

March 31. Order in Council. On the petition of the Undertakers for erect- 
Whiteball. ing a fishery at Holy Island, showing that they have bonght 
4 doggers in Holland for carrying on the fishing trade, and have 
procured sufficient seamen for managing them, and praying that 
the said vessels may be made free, that Secretary Williamson 
prepare a warrant for the King's signature for naturalizing the 
same for the fishing trade, but for no other purpose whatsoever. 
IS.P. Dom., Car. 11. 869, No. 106.] 

March 81. The Earl of Arlington to Williamson. I acknowledge two of yours 

turton Hall, gf the 27th and 30th, with the accounts and extracts of all your 
news. This last of the Prince of Orange's sickness afflicts me 
much, and makes me remember with apprehension how fatal the 
same disease was to his father and the interests of his family. God 
protect and keep him. Wednesday night I shall be at Whitehall 
to receive your commands, [/fcirf. A'o. 107.] 

March 31. Anthony Xhorold to Williamson. The 29th arrived the Arms of 
*j"«- this place from St. Malo. The master says no fleet of war is fitting 
out for the season, other than some to guard the coast and for the 
security of their traders, that a great fleet is already gone for 
Newfoundland and the Bank on the fishery, and many more are 
making from that place and thereabouts, in all supposed to be 150 
sail, many of them of 20 guns. They have their King's leave, but 
pay 60 sob per ton to htm, and have measurers and receivers 
appointed for that purpose. Those merchants and people look on it 
as a hard imposition on them and grumble much. The Merer/ 
of Bantry also arrived from Ireland. The master says the forces 
were drawn northward on some occasion, and that the Governor 
was well. [Ibid. No. 108.] 

March 31. Matthew Anderton to Williamson. That the Marp yacht is 
ChMtor. certainly ship-wrecked I have from the mouths of two gentlemen 
that escaped, who relate thus. About 2 last Thursday morning, 
toggy weather, the ship touched on a rock N.W. of the Skerries 
that lie to the eastward of Holyhead Bay. The seamen and passen- 
gers were for the most part snug nnder decks. The first touch 
roused the seamen, who cried, all was well, bat immediately the 
ship struck on another rock and stuck there. The Skerries is a 



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CHARLES ri. 47 

1676. ^ — — ^— 

small isle, aa appendage to Anglesea, about a leagne from Bhore. 
The rock on which the ship struck was bo near land that, when the 
Bea made her roll, the mast touched land, by which only means 
those whose lives were preserved escaped. The Earl of Meath and 
about 3-1 more perished, whereof were Gapt. Burstow, the boatswain, 
and two more sailors. The master and 23 mariners and 15 passen- 
gers got on the isle and so were preserved. Among the 15 were 
the Earl of Ardglass, and Lord Ardee, son and heir to the Earl of 
Meath, and now his father's successor. It was noon ou Thursday 
before the mast gave way. The captain to save the Earl of Meath 
and the rest lost himself. The preserved were on the isle from 
Thursday morning till Saturday afternoon, and had relief by a 
flask of gunpowder by which they struck fire with a steel and of 
the wrecked boards of the ship made a tire, where they roasted 
some mutton, but had no bread nor any liquor but salt water, till 
a runlet of usquebaugh wae cast ashore, which they divided pro- 
portionably among them. A Wicklow vessel from Beaumaris went 
ae near the isle as she durst, and took in the 15 passengerB and 24 
seamen and landed them last Sunday at Beaumaris. 

Sir Gilbert Talbot went hence yesterday towards London. This 
day sennight Sir G. Shakerley and Mr. Cholmondeley purpose to 
go hence to be in London the Saturday following. [Original and 
copy. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, Nos. 109, 110.] 

[arch 31. Warrant to the Principal CommisBioners of Prizes to put in 
execution the privy seal of 27 Feb. last, to Richard Mountenay, 
receiver-general of prize-money, authorizing him to pay to James 
Bridgeman 6\\l. 6s. Qd., the proceeds of the ship lately adjudged 
prize by the Commissioners of Appeals, as Mountenay cannot 
dispose of prize-money without their order. [8.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 26, f. 192.] 

[arch 31. The Duke of York to the Prince of Orange. I was so much 
abJunea'. troubled by the news that came yesterday from the Hague of your 
having the smallpox, that, though it gave an account of their 
coming out well and of your being in as good a condition as could 
be expected, yet I could not hinder myself from sending the bearer, 
Ashton, to assure you of it and to know how you do, and I shall be 
in very great pain, till I hear of your being quite out of danger. 
Holograph. (S.P. Dom., King William's Chett 8, No. 7.] 

(arch 31. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting the letter of 
WhitehaiL 1 Feb. last (calendared in the last volume, p. 567) which ordered the 
assessment and levying of the 30,0001., directing him for the better 
securing to the Earl of Orrery the 9,O0Oi. granted him by the letters 
of 3 June last, to give effectual orders to all persons concerned in 
levying the said 30,000/. to pay in the same at the end of every 
8 months to the receivers appomted by the Act of Explanation, who 
are forthwith to pay the same into the receipt of the Exchequer, 
and also to give orders that all such moneys be paid from time to 
time to the said Earl or his assigns till he or they be fully satisfied 
the said sum of 9,0001. \S.P. Dom., Swtet Office, Vol 9, 
p. 808.3 



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1675. 
Mftrch, 

Deal 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



LiBts aent by James Neale to Williamson of King's and 
merchant ships in the Downs, the wind, &c. 



_yol. 369. 
No. 


D.to. 


Kl»,v 


Outniud 

Bound. 


Jnvsrd 
Bound. 


Wind. 


Bonutrb. 


Ill 


March 1 


8 


3 





N.W. 




112 


„ 2 


8 


10 





E. 




118 


„ 8 


3 


10 





N.W. 




114 


., 4 


3 





4 


N.W. 




115 


,. 5 


2 


2 





E. 




116 


„ 7 


4 


2 





N.E. 




117 


„ 8 


2 


2 





N.E. 




118 


„ 9 


3 


2 





N.E. 




119 


„ 10 


2 


8 





N.E. 




120 


„ 11 


8 


8 





N.E. 




121 


„ 12 


3 


5 





E. 




122 


„ 18 


3 


7 





E. 




128 


„ 14 


3 


2 





S.E. 




124 


„ 15 


3 


2 





E. 




126 


„ 16 


3 


2 





N.E. 




126 


„ 19 


3 


2 





E. 




127 


„ 20 


3 


2 





E. 




128 


., 21 


3 


2 





N.E. 




129 


., 22 


3 


2 





N.E. 




180 


„ 28 


3 


e 





N.W. 




181 
182 
138 
184 
185 


., 24 
„ 26 
„ 26 
„ 27 
„ 28 


8 
3 
2 
2 
2 


7 
8 
26 
27 
81 




4 

2 


S.W." 

W. 

W. 

S.W. 

N.W. 


/Several Other 
J ships home- 
j ward bound 
'stopped not. 


186 


„ 29 


2 


32 


18 


S.W. 




187 


„ 80 


2 


29 


5 


S.W. 




188 


„ 81 


2 


29 





S.W. 





April I. Edward Cranfield to 'Williamson. This morning I arrived in the 

'^ ^T^T^' ^""^^t ^'^^ finding all our ships in a seafaring posture, when an 

in the Downi. g^g^gjiy ^\jxi presents, I hope you will send to Mr. Peapes (Pepys) 

that Simon Orton be forthwith commanded down, if he goes the 

voyage, and that copies of the sailing orders be sent me. 

[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, -V... 139.] 

April 1. Certificate by Sir William Peake that Peter Bart, of St. Botolph 
Aldgate, mariner, took the oaths of allegiance and supremacy before 
him that day. (ibUi. Xo. 140.] 

April 1. Samuel Hodgkin to Williamson. These two or three days 

SunderUnd. several light and laden colliers have passed by this. Lord Lumley 

with several gentlemen has been here to view this harbour in order 

' MUdated 27 tSazah, but the poatmvk i« 25 Bfarab. 



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to niAke it deeper at the entrance and Bater for veBsels of draught. 
What the design may produce time will demonstrate. Wind and 
weather varions. IS.l'. Dorn., Car. II. 369, No. 141.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. No news. Wind very various yester- 
day, this morning N.W. (^Ibiil. Xo. 142.] 

Hugh Balesbury to Williamson. Wind W.S.W. No news. 
[Ibid. No. 143.] 



April 1 
Trnro. 



April 1. 
April 1. 

April 1. 
WUtehkll. 



Wbiteluai. 

April 1. 
WbiUbaU. 

April 2. 

Huwioh. 



No news. Wind W. {^Ibid. 



Hugh Acland to Williamson. 
No. 144.] 

Xhomas Holden to James Hickes. Last Sunday put to sea the 
Wetrotne, of Hull, and with her the Post, of Amsterdam, a great 
Dutch vessel with wines from Cadiz. Wind N.W. This vessel put 
back here again Monday, and reports that in bis sight there came 
up with this Dutchman two raen-of-war, and they saw them fire 
some guns, so tbey believe they were taken. [Ibid. No. 145.] 

Bill of John Thompson for curtains, &c., amounting to 41. 13s. Gd. 
[Ihi4. No. 146.] 

Careat that nothing pass of the grant of the place of Under- 
housekeeper of Audley £nd witbont notice to the Earl of SafFolk. 
IS. P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 8.] 

The King to the Privy Council of Scotland, We have received 
yours of 12 March enclosing a petition presented to you by 18 
of the outed advocates, concluding with a submission to our justice 
and clemency, with three separate petitions from three other 
advocates. The enclosed petition has been presented to us here, 
signed by Sir George Lockhart, Sir John Cunningham, George 
Bannerman and Hugh Wallace for themselves and others of the 
onted advocates, also submitting to our justice and goodness. We 
authorize and require you to continue the process gainst them 
for signing the address lately presented by them to the first Council 
day in June, when we will signify our further pleasure. In the 
meantime we authorize and require you to take off as to those that 
submitted, and the three who petitioned separately, and Thomas 
Lermont who petitioned before, the restraint on them from going 
to Edinburgh, but the advocates mentioned in the petition 
presented here, who have not yet signed it, if they refuse to do so, 
shall not have the benefit of the admission to Edinburgh. 
[S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 3, p. 226.] 

Warrant for a letter of remission pardoning James Eliot in 
Jedburgh Forest who has been sentenced to death for stealing two 
sheep. [DocquH. Ibul. p. 228.] 

Memorials of protection to William Dykes, sometime of Johnstoun, 
for two, and to James Wood for three years. [Ibid. p. 229.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. I received your commands this 
evening, and understanding at about 11 that one of the packet- 
boats was coming in, I weut to inform myself of what you desired, 
and received this account from two gentlemen that were at the 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Hague last Tuesday. The Prince of Orange was out of danger of 
the Bmallpox by the report of all, and bad none to attend him during 
his sickness but only his Eicallency Temple, his lady and sister, 
with the Duchess of Simmern, without so much as a Dutch page. 
This they tell me confidently and it certainly was reported to them 
at the Hague. Your orders being pressing, I thought it most of 
all to answer my obligation to send this by express. [S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 147.] 

April 2. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Plymouth. Here is advice that 3 or 4 days since, three French men-of-war 

being in Torbay, a Dutch merchant ship of 16 guns came in there. 

To escape the men-of-war she ran into a dry piet there, after which 

the French sent in their boats and fetched her off. [Ibid. No. 148.] 

Enclosed, 

The said lixt. [Ibid. No. 148 1.] 

April 2. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Having considered in Council 
whitehau. yoQf letter of 23 Jan. to Secretary Coventry representing some diffi- 
culties in complying with the directions formerly sent for renewing 
the charters of corporations, whereby you were required to take a 
surrender of all old charters before granting any new ones, and to 
reasaume the benefit of fines, issues and amercements granted to 
divers corporations by former charters, we hereby direct that, as 
it appears that the corporations are unwilling to surrender their old 
charters because they contain several testimonies of the loyalty 
and services of their predecessors, and that they apprehend such a 
surrender may be attended with lawsuits and other inconvenienciea, 
you and the Council, where you find any privilege or franchise 
heretofore granted unreasonable, and unfit to be continued, oblige 
such corporations by an instrument under their common seal to 
surrender and release only such privileges, which surrender or 
resignation is to be enrolled in Chancery and to be mentioned in 
the new charter to be granted for the confirmation of their 
remaining privileges, and concerning the reassuming of the benefit 
of fines, &e., though we much desired the former directions might 
have been pursued, yet as the City of Cork and a few other trading 
towns in Ireland would thereby lose the whole income of their 
corporation, we leave that to the judgment and discretion of you 
and the Council to allow or disallow that privilege to such towns as 
you think fit, and we further authorize you and the Council to 
grant to such corporations whose trade has considerably increased 
since their old charters, as the corporation of Belfast, such new and 
additional privileges as you shall judge most advantageous to their 
trade, and in all other particulars our pleasure is that you observe 
and pursue the directions heretofore sent of 17 Aug., 1670, 16 Aug., 
1671, and 26 Sept., 1673. [IJ page. S.I'. Dom., Sufnet Office, 
Vol. 9, p. 304.] 

April 2. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Durecting that in renewing 

wbiiehiJi. the charter of Kinsale a proviso should be inserted in favour 

of Robert Southwell, confirming the indenture of 24 April, 1668, 

by which a grant was made to him in fee-farm at the rent therein 

mentioned of a certain parcel of land known as the Common Hill or 



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CHARLES n. 61 

1675. 

Drowmderrig, on which he has erected a large plantation of 
houses, wharves and quays to the improvement of the harbour, the 
eoDveuiency of trade and the augmentation of the inhabitants. 
[IJ page. S.P. Dom., Sitinet Office, Vol. 9, p. 306.] 

April 8. Certificate by Sir John Frederick that Martin Bruer took the 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. {S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 369, No. 149.] 

April 3. Walter, Lord Aston, to Williamson. If yon shall please in 
EiaU. near memory of Lady Anderson, my near relation and most true friend, 
to read this, and, as far aa it is reasonable, to procure his Majesty 
to grant what I humbly beg, — but, if I desire any thing not fitting, 
on your advising me so, I shall acknowledge as an equal favour 
year denying it as your procuring it. By Jerome, Earl of Portland, 
I was first known to Lord Chancellor Clarendon. After his going 
away, on many occasions I had the honour by you to be introduced 
to Lord Arlin^n, both of whom I found my very obliging patrons, 
and so much oiy friends as to pardon my indiscretions and 
impertinences. Will your Honour now do the like, for I have not 
the vanity that I can by any service deserve the least of your 
favours ? 

The judges, according to his Majesty's late orders, pressed their 
instructions so effectually that they have not, I believe, left any one 
man unindicted, nay, it falling into a grand jury's hands, and many 
of them, I have too many reasons to believe, not faithful subjects to 
his Majesty or his father, nor cordial to monarchy nor to the Church 
of England, they, having taken advantage of the word " Suspected 
Papiste," have presented some that have been absent from England 
six months and are so still, and they have likewise indicted me, 
though some eminent justices, my neighbours, assured them I was 
no such man, nor had they any sufficient ground to suspect me, and 
I was not by any one on oath or otherwise presented to be such, and, 
where others urged in my behalf that, when his Majesty grantod 
the late Indulgence, 1 never declared myself, nor acted nor joined 
with any particular way of worship, I never went to Mass, I never 
was present nor joined in any worship particular to the Church 
of Some, nor never went to nor was present at any conventicle 
or meetings of Presbytorians or Fanatics, or any other particular 
way of worship, but some of them said they had never seen me at 
chnrch, and they were sure I had been colonel in the lato wars and 
a commissioner for the king in his garrison at Lichfield, and 
therefore they might well suspect me to be a Papist, so they have 
made me what I could never find in myself, and for my loyalty to 
my king (though they know well enough I shall clear myself) they 
satisfy their malice to put me to trouble and charges, or at least 
give me an ill name, which they intond to fix on many others, and 
which they express as near treason as they dare venture, for some 
have already made a division between the Church of England men 
and Protestants, calling the cavaliers Church of England men and 
episcopal ordained ministers, but classical ministers and other 
fanatics, Protestants. Lord Conway sent my father this instruc- 
tion, "You will find it happly now urged by some ministers of 
State where you are that the penal statutes, too severe agains^t 



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i DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675 

Roman Recusants, might be abolished. Give this answer ; they 
were made when reason of state required it. It is a bow strung, 
bended and an arrow put into it, but none could shoot but his 
Majesty," The times then required that severity concerning the 
then Papists. Mariana, Bellarmin and others had then written 
wicked pernicious doctrine, exalting the Pope's monarchy and 
lesseiiing kings, but, now these wicked opinions are condemned as 
they ought, burnt inraany places and laid aside by all good men, must 
they now be shot against such that have not only verbatimly abhorred 
thera, but have, by venturing their lives and all they had in the 
late rebellious wars, like good subjects, made manifest to all men 
tlieir actions and professions went together? Must they now be 
shot against them and by such as have taken up the opinions 
and follow the doctrine of Calvin and Knox, who not only rebel- 
lioualy treat every king in tbeir way, but even monarchy itself ? It 
was dangerous and wicked when in the Pope, but much more when 
it is brought home and placed in the multitude. How can any 
prince be safe, or any government steady where these principles 
are too much embraced? Pray God, I may never see tbem 
practised by manj' of these too violent persecutors here, who, where 
they go once to church, go five times to conventicles, are unwilling 
to maintain or countenance their duly ordained ministers, but are 
forward enough to classical ministers or gifted men, nor do they 
renounce the Covenant, or that ever to be condemned opinion and 
practice of taking up arms, let the pretence be never so specious, 
against their lawful king, God'a anointed and his vice-gerent over 
us, whose command solely and no other authority whatsoever is of 
duty 10 be obeyed, nor can I to my satisfaction pay it to anyone 
else, for, whenever his Majesty shall command, I believe God speaks 
to me, when otherwise, it is man. Counsellors are good note-books, 
but the King is God's vice-gerent. My father and I have spent in his 
service and in his father's and grandfather's above 5,000^ a year 
in land, and there is yet due to me of what his late Majesty 
intended my father 7,000/. I have often ventured my life and all that 
was dear to me in expressing my loyalty. I have under his late 
Majesty's hand these words, " Lord Aston, the greatest of my 
misfortunes is that I cannot reward so gallant and loyal a subject 
as you are, as I would and ought." 

All these particulars and many more considered, I, being now 
past 67, beg that his Majesty, rather than that I should be left in 
the hands and power of these men, would give me his licence to 
remove myself and family and to sell my estate to pay a great debt, 
and that I may carry the remainder with me, that I may not in a 
strange land be forced to live on charity. I can bend my knee to 
none on earth but the King, and I have that pride not to bear with 
patience abiding in a country where my family has been eminent 
twenty descents, and bore always places of trust under their kings, 
now to be trample<I on and falsely accused by such as, till their 
fighting against the King and buying the estates of his loyal 
subjects, were not the least known. If his Majesty will grant me 
this request, I will lietween this and Michaelmas dispose of myself 
to depart. If I have desired anything not fitting, or if his 
Majesty will not grant it, if you will honour me with but one line, 



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AprU 3. 
Enrich. 



April 
Wbileb 



it Bhall be obeyed by me with all Bubmiasive obedience to bis 
Majesty. 

Tbe bearer, my kinsman and friend, knows nothing of my suit 
herein, nor any of the contents of this, nor anyone else. [IJ poffc- 
.v./-*. Doni., Car. II. 369, No. 150.] 

tSilas Taylor to Williamson. I ha^'e nothing more since my last 
by express. I know not whether what I did will be exeiiBed, the 
news being received only from strangers though Englishmen. I 
have to add this as a seeming probable deduction. The master of 
tbe packet-boat tells me there is no discourse at the Brill of any 
sort, which may intimate that it is not amiss with the Pi-inc©-, for ill 
news would run wonderfully swift in Holland. The wind is easterly ; 
if it continues so till this time to-morrow, we may very probably 
have another packet-boat, llbitl. No. 151.} 

Richard Watts to Williamson. Your three packets received. Here 
were two ships on the liut bound for Algiers and eo cleared at the 
Custom House, but the masters say they were bound for Barbary, 
so tbe packets for Algiers and Tripoli are in my hands. The master 
would give me no receipt for that for Barbados. The wind being 
fair, I delivered it before witnesses to John Lingham, a Barbados 
merchant, who promises to deliver it safely, but would give no dis- 
charge for it. That and all tbe other ships sailed this noon with a 
fresh gale at N-E. One Capt. Andrews is coming down bound for 
Algiers. I shall send that packet by him when he comes if not 
commanded the contrary, and that for Tripoli as Boon as any ship 
comeB in. [IbUl. No. 162.] 

The Kin g to [the Corporation of Newport, Isle of Wight.] At 
their request appointing Qiles Eyre as their Recorder, according 
to the provisions of their lately granted charter. [.S'./'. Ihm., 
Entry Book U, p. 135.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.E. Tbe Gufnisi-y is at 
Spithead waiting for Lord tnchiqutu, the Adventure 
victualled and will be ready in h ' 
Car. II. 369, Nn. 163.] 

Philip Lanyon to WilliamBon. 
s DO newB. [Hid. No. 164.] 



, short time to sail. [>S./'. Diim., 
I have no list of ships, and there 



April 4. 
PlymoDth. i 

April 6. Robert Brady to Williamson. I think without arrogance that I 
may deserve as much encouragement in the affair wherein I begged 
your favour as some undertakers have had in such things, as being 
more serviceable to his Majesty and more tending to tbe right 
information of the people. I hope my loyalty cannot be 
suspected. The Crown never did nor can receive injury from a 
complete impartial history, written without reflections on persons 
or things. Some brave men and such as have done it and their 
country eminent service have perished by fragments and partial 
story (picked out of mouldy parchments and obscure authors which 
perhaps they never knew of), improved by the artifice of cunning 
abettors of popular envy, malice, fury or mistake. The task is 
great and difficult, yet, if I perform it not to tbe general satisfaction 
"f judicious men, let me be marked as an idle silly undertaker. 



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COMESMO STATE PAPERS. 



Tbe America. 



April 5. 

Bridtington. 



Were I able to accomplisb it myself, I should Dot so far importiime 
you. Your aaaistaDce in this will, I hope, neither leBsen yoor 
honour nor blast your reputation. If you think fit to let me receive 
your commands by the meanest of your servants, he will hear of me 
at Mrs. Brace's, next door to the Crown Inn, Holbom. [S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 155.] 

April 6. Edward Cranfield to Williamson. Last night Cant. Orton came 
to Deal, but the vessel which brought him and his things could get 
no further than Sandwich haven, because the wind took her short. 
I have dispatched a boat to bring his things on board. In the 
meanwhile the ships are unmooring and preparing to sail, therefore 
expect to hear no more from me in this place. [^Ibid. No. 156.] 

T. Aslaby to Williamson. Seventeen small light vessels are at 
anchor in this bay, waiting a fair wind for the northward, the wind 
being now N.N.W. Our conventiclers have their constant meetings 
as formerly. [Ibid. No. 157-] 

April 5. Richard Bower to Williamson. Last week at our sessions a 
Yarmouth. Nonconformist that was formerly convicted for being at the meeting 
and fined 51. appealed, alleging he was not there, but for want of 
his appealing in due time after a distress taken he was forced to pay 
treble costs. They have hitherto performed their promise to our 
bailiffs in forbearing meeting. All their hopes now are in the 
Parliament, from whom to support their faction they promise them- 
selves great matters, now they say there is no trust in princes. 
Here are great endeavours to make Sir Robert Eempe knight for 
this county. Lord Townshend and Sir John Hobart who was here 
making their interest for him, but the people are more inclined to Sir 
Enevett Catlin, saying they will not always be imposed upon. The 
clergy in general are for anybody but Sir R. Eempe, he giving out, 
as it is reported, that he feared none but the drunken clergy. 
llbUl. No. 158.] 

April 5. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Last week came in eight or nine 
^BO'i*™''*- small vessels, a Scotchman from Bordeaux with wines and brandies 
for Amsterdam, one from Ostend belonging to Cork bound home, 
who tells me there are many privateers, but few prizes. Here 
continue the two Dutchmen expecting convoy, and a Frenchman 
bound for the Bank who lost bis company and some time since 
came in. here, and now fears to proceed. {Ibid. Nu. 159.] 

April 5. Memorandum that the Duke of \lbemarle, about the beginning 
of January last, signified to Mr. Secretary that he had moved the 
Eing in behalf of William Hoare for the next prebend of Worcester 
and that the Eing promised the same. [S-F. Dom., Entry Book 45, 
p. 8.] 

April 5. Pass ^ot Mr. Dongan, going to the ambassador at Paris, to 
w^iteh&ii. transport himself to France with two servants and four horses. 
[Home Ojficc, li'arrant Book 1, p. 65.] 

April 6. The information of John White, taken before Secretary William- 
eon. An unknown person, whom he thinks a solicitor, coming to 
see Mr. Withani, a prisoner in the Fleet, about some particular 



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businesfi, and Mr. Witham'B wife and he falling out, he called her 
a whore, whereupon she said he was a pitiful rogue, and that not 
long since his father held up his hand at the bar for picking a 
pocket. The solicitor answered in great passion, " Hang you, you 
Papist dog, I can hang you for the letter I read tother day sent you 
out of the country concerning the great plot designed against the 
Parliament, of which you advertised your cousins and desired them 
to absent themselves." About the same time the informant went to 
Mr. Witham, as he was walking alone in the cellar in the Fleet, and 
repeated what he had heard the solicitor say. Mr. Witham told him 
he knew nothing of it, but, having asked his wife what the letter 
she lately received from his or her mother contained, she said, it 
was to advise her relations not to be present at the Parliament, 
when the plot was intended to be put in execution. The informant 
further says that she afterwards confessed to him and her husband 
that her relations in the country could not rest in their beds till 
they had sent them word. This passed between 9 and 10 last night. 
This morning the informant acquainted his father with it, by whom 
he was brought to Col. Gray to make discovery of it. [S.P. Dom., 
Cai: II. 369, No. 160.] 

April 6, The examination of Henry Witham taken before the same. 
Being asked concerning a letter speaking of an intended plot, he 
answered be saw none such, but that one Bock last night in the 
open hall of the Fleet said he had ^een such a letter written by the 
flxaminant's wife's mother to her, advising her, if her husband bad 
any friends in the Parliament, to give them notice to have a care of 
themselves or something to that purpose. That Rock had seen this 
letter in the examinant's house in Whitecross Street in part of Sir 
Reginald I orster's house and that he was sorry he had not taken it up. 
Kock threatened the esaminant to bring him into trouble about the 
letter. The examinant questioning his wife about the letter, she 
confessed having received several letters, but he could not remember 
that she owned the substance of any of them to be to the said effect, 
and particularly she did not say that her relations in the country 
could not rest in their beds till they had given her this information. 
He knows not where Bock lodges, hut his wife does, and she was 
not in the way when the warrant was served on him. Rock indeed 
said that the examinant's wife's relations in the country could not 
rest in their beds till they had given this notice. [Ibid. No. 161.] 

April 6. Richard Potts to Williamson. No news. Wind N.E. {Ibid. 
Stt-Won. No. 162.] 

April 6. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived, 
tiymonth. [Ibid. No. 163.] Enclosed, 

The gaUi litt. [Ibid. No. 163 1.] 

April 6. Warrant to the Warden of the Fleet from Sir J. Williamson to 
bring before him Mr. Witham, a prisoner there, and his wife. 
Minute. [Home Office, Wairant Hook 1, p. 54.] 

April 6. Warrant to William Smith, messenger, from Sir J. Williamson 
WiiMwlL to taie into custody the wife of Henry Wytham, prisoner in the 
Fleet, and to bring her before him. Minute. [IbitC] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1676. 
April 6. Warrant to the Bame from Sir J. Williamson to search for 
wiiitehftil. [Thomas] Rock and to hring him before him. Minute. [Hotne 
Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 54. J 

April 6. Thomas Burrowea to AVilliamBon. This morning Capt. London in 
Kiuale. th« yonrivh brought in here a Dutch vessel laden with several rich 
goods, which Mr. Fox of this country ran away with, out of what 
place I know not. This Fox killed the master and two men and 
heaved a boy overboard, and he is run away with all his confederates 
before the frigate could come to them in the river of Waterford. 
The prize was a galliot hoy laden at Amsterdam and bound to France. 
Here are two of the French King's ships, as I formerly advised, to 
take in soldiers. The Lord Lieutenant has given orders that none 
be transported, hut the said ships are gone out of command of oar 
fort, and take in men contrary to orders. [S-i*- Ireland, Car. II. 
885, No. 163.] 

April 7. 1'lid esamination of Elizabeth Wytham taken before Secretary 
Williamson. Asked what the letter was, concerning which is this 
question, she acknowledged it. The substance of it was to desire 
her to acquaint her friends in Parliament to have a care of^them- 
selves from the Catholics, as they were numerous in the country. 
She denied her mother mentioned any design or plot that she knew 
of, or any threatenings given out by the Catholics, but what she 
there wrote, she says, was of her own head. She received this letter 
about 9 weeks since, and knows not where it is now, not having 
seen it since. Bock saw Ibis letter two days before she saw it. Rock 
is a soldier in Capt. Eaton's company and formerly lived in George 
Yard, Westminster, by profession a cobbler. Bock's sister lives at 
the Bottle of Hay near Islington. \^.P. Dom., Car, II, 369, 
No. 164.] 

April 7. Colonel T. Blood to Williamson. I send according to your com- 
mand the enclosed petition and the name and circumstances of the 
person for whom a pardon is asked, viz., Capt. Humphrey Spurway, 
late of Tiverton. He was one of the absconded persons I took charge 
of to reduce or disperse, who chose to remove to a remote plantation, 
being persuaded thereto that he might be incapable of endeavouring 
to promote sedition or disturbances to the government. His crimes 
were the same with the common drove of those his Majesty 
pardoned at my coming out of the Tower, and no other. He is 
employed by Nelthrop and other merchants in a remote plantation, 
where he resolves to settle and never to return, but become a loyal 
subject, if he may be delivered from his fears by a pardon. I 
suppose his merchants will engage for htm, if there be any 
occasion. [Ibid. Xo. 165.] 

April 7. Richard Bower to Williamson. I had only time to copy the 
Yumonth. enclosed, before the post was ready to go. [Ibid. No, 166.] 

j^ril 7. The King to [the Cioveruors of the Charter-house.] Directing 

wiiitehaU. them to admit Captain John Marshall to a pensioner's place in 

Sutton's Hospital, upon the first vacancy after those who have 

already obtained letters, he having behaved courageously in the war 

with the Dutch in which he commanded a hreship in the engagement 



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CHABLES II. 57 



1675. 

of May, 167S, aud having in a second engagement received wounda 
whereby he has lost the UBe of his hands, and being 62 yeara of age 
and deatitute. [S.P. Dam., Entry Book 14, y. 1S6.] 

April 7- Commissions to Francla Hawley to be second lieutenaut to 
Capt. Hudson ; to Mr. EUetsoii to be heutenant to Gapt. Trapps, 
and to — Chettwin to be enaign to Capt. Langley. Minutes. 
[6'.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 22.] 

[April ?] John Gedde, William Galte and Samuel Nowell to the King. 
Petition praying a patent for theu: invention of euch commodious 
hives and houses for the improvement of bees as shall free the 
owners from charge and trouble and the bees from the incon- 
veniencies of swarming and many other casualties that attend them. 
A t the foot, 
April 8, Reference thereof to the Attorney -General. On the back, 

Whiuhall. fiig report in favour of the petitionera. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 

369, No. 167.] 

Another copy of the above reference. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 46, p. 20.] 

April 8. Dr. John Wallis to WilUamaon. I have conferred with the Vice- . 
Oiiord. Chancellor and others concerning what was lately intimated, but 
find none of them of opinion for taking a new charter in the present 
case, fearing it may be of very ill consequence to waive the 
validity of King Charles' charter, which on many other accounts 
we are concerned to maintain. Both Universities had in 1664 
jointly asserted their right on their present charters and the 
proviso for salving their privileges, and satisfied the then Com- 
missioners of the Duke of York concerning the justness of their 
pretentions, and did not expect now after ten years their rights 
should be invaded by actually setting up a tavern amongst us, 
without 80 much as hearing us. It is expressly contrary to the 
• opinion of the then Attorney -General (Sir P. North) of 24 Apnl, 1674, 

to the Lord Treasurer, viz., that the University should then first 
be heard before tlie tatem should be set up, and we are very 
confident it was neither his Majesty's nor the Lord Treasurer's 
pleasure to give us this trouble, but fear it proceeded from 
somebody else that was more desirous of doing the University ill 
offices than of promoting his Majesty's service, that so much haste 
was used as first to set it up and dispute it afterwards, whereby we 
are obhged to make our legal defence, which, bad we been first 
heard, might have been prevented. However, we hope we shall 
not incur blame in the just defence of those rights which the 
prudence of princes hitherto has thought absolutely necessary to 
the discipline and good government of the University. The vintner 
himself, I am assured, has long since signified to the Commissioners 
that he is willing to relinquish his licence, if he may have his 
bonds delivered up to him, and those of the Commissioners I have 
spoken with seem not averse from it, and I hope the Lord Treasurer, 
by what was said at the last hearing, is satisfied of the justice of 
our cause, so I do not see there is any necessity of giving us further 
trouble. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, \'o. 168.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
April 8. 



April 8. 
Torba.7. 



April 8, 



Sir Jonathan Trelawney to Williamson. Thanking him for his 
letter. My corporation of Looe joins me in presenting our bumble 
thanks, and assures you that, in case of a new election, they will be 
ready to serve you and beg the continuance of your favour. As 
soon as I have delivered the keys of government to my son I 
intend to wait on you, if the session continues, otherwise I can 
better serve you here than there. [S.i*. Dmn., Car. II. 86fl, 
No. 169.] 

[Edward Cranfield] to Williamson. As soon as Mr. Orton 
amved at the Downs we set sail about 8 last Tuesday night, wind 
N.N.E. and N.E. and N. At 5 on Thursday afternoon, being on a 
leeward tide, wo were forced to cast anchor here, the wind coming 
6.W. and by S. Our ships are in good condition and we shall 
make the best of our way, as soon as wind and weather permit. 
[Ibid. No. 170.] 

Capt. Thomas Langley to Williamson. This came by the master 
of the packet-boat that arrived just now, but was a little wet when 
it came to my hand. The Prince of Orange, I am informed, is well 
recovered. There is little news at this port, only the ship that was 
taken up at sea laden with Scotch coal ant] a ship of Flushing 
bound for Surinam who lost his convoy, \_lbid. No. 171.] 

April 8. Silas Taylor to Williamson. News of the Prince of Orange as in 
iwSp.m. the last letter. [Ibid. No. 172.] 
Harwich. ^ -■ 

April 7 & 8. Richard Watts to Williamson. Yours of the 5th received this 
D™i- morning. The master that denied to give under his hand was 
Farre, a Scot, bound for Barbados, and so on a trading voyage. He 
had a flyboat of about 80 tone. But the vessel that carried it was 
a pink, the Adventure, bound to Barbados only ; the master was 
on board and the ship away, only staying for a merchant, John 
Lingham, an inhabitant of that island, who was then going on 
board. I delivered it before two sufficient witnesses, ai^d he 
immediately went on board and the ship sailed. 

Farre, the master that denied giving a receipt, was never here 
before, and is supposed to be a counter skipper, that is a master in 
England and his Majesty's islands and a mate at sea, so we know 
not his owners, where he belongs to, or who his freighters are. 
The owners and freighters we rarely know. I had not time to go to 
more than him that refused, and him that carried, for the wind 
was fair, and in two hours all was under sail. Commanders are 
always unwilUng to give receipts for packets. I desire to know if 
I shall send them without receipts, if I can get none. 

Postscript. 8 April .^Yesterday, while I was writing, the 
Kathaiine of London came into the Downs. The commander told 
me he had no time to speak with. me, for he was very full of busi- 
ness, for he was to stay but two hours, and he had several accounts 
to make up. Then I desired Mr. John Ashley, the supercargo, to 
take the packet for Algiers. He said he was not bound to Algiers, 
but to Malta, on purpose, because he would not take the packet. I 
hear they also go to Leghorn, from which your packet to Tripoli 
might be easily sent. The captain's wife, the ship's chirurgeon, and 



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April 8 
Dover. 



April 8. 

PoiUmonUi. 



April 8 



several others say Algiers is the first port they touch at. Hobson 
and Fenner of London, merchants, are his employers, and John 
Andrews commander. If Andrews had time to speak to me, he 
would carry it, for I know him well. The Algiers and Tripoli 
packets I have here. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 869, No. 173.] 

Francis Bastinck to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
departures of mails. By a vessel from Ostend we hear that the 
Swedes taken by the Duke of Brandenburg's commisBions and 
carried into Zealand are all condemned as good prizes. The wind 
continues N.E. [Ibid. No. 174.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Sir Richard Booth is come to 
coQunand the Adreature and to carry for Tangier the Governor, 
Lord Inchiquin. The Guei-neey rides at Spithead, which likewise 
attends the said lord in his passage. {Ibid. No. 176.] 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind southerly. [Ibid. 
No. 176.] 

The Duke of Monmouth to M. de Louvois. I believed I ought 
not to trouble you further on the subject of M. Staniers, but, having 
received his Majesty's orders, I only thought of obeying them, 
when the Major himself came to England to represent to his 
Majesty his grief at seeing himself removed from his employment 
after so many years' service in France, and that being turned out of 
his post affected not only his honour but his fortune, since he had 
never learned any employment but that of a soldier, so that the King 
had compassion on him and ordered me to write to you in his 
favour, that, if he had not committed any unpardonable fault, and 
it was still possible to make use of him, you would kindly let me 
know if his Majesty would not allow me to send him back to the 
regiment as lieut.-colonel, putting a colonel over him and some one 
else to be major in his place. M. Lockhart has sent me the state of 
the half-pay, but there must be some mistake iii it, for it has been 
made only according to the review of the regiment on their going 
into winter quarters, when they amounted to only 1,400 men, 
instead of which it appears to me that the reckoning ought to be 
made according to the reviews of the campaign, without which the 
officers would lose what has been furrtisheil tfl the soldiers who are 
dead or have been killed in the service. 

M. Lanier makes me hope my regiment of horse will re-establish 
itself, if yon will have the kindness to assist them a little in their 
claims, as I beg you to do, [Freiu'k. H.P. Dom., Eittii/ Book 41, 
p. 28.] 

Grant of a baronetcy of England to Sir Richard Tulip of 
Amsterdam, and to the heirs male of his body. Minute. [Home 
Ogice, Warrant Book 1, p. 56.] 

The Duke of Lauderdale to the Provost, Dean of Guild, and 
Bulies of St Andrews. Expressing bis Majesty's satisfaction at 
their disclaimer of the concurrence of their Commissioner to the 
Convention of Burrowes at Edinburgh last August in the insolent 
letter to his Majesty, and adding that, on the dutiful expressions of 



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Domestic state papers. 



April 9. 

Plymoulh. 



April ! 



their loyalty and zeal for his aervice, there does not remain with 
him any bad impression of them. {S.P. .Scotland, Warrant 
Book 3, j>. 229.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Eneloaing particulars of a ship 
ai-rived. Sir Bernard de Gomme, his Majesty's engineer, is come 
from London in reference to the fortifications here since Monday 
last. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369. No. 177.] Endoxed, 
The said particulars. [lUd. No. 177 1.] 

Warrant for the royal assent to the election of Dr. William 
Lloyd, chaplain to the King, to the bishopric of Llandaff, in place 
of Dr. Francis Davies. [S-P. Dom., Entry Book 27, /. 65.] 

April 9. Patent for 14 years to John Gedde, William Galte, and Samuel 
wbitehall. Nowell of their new invention of such commodious hives for the 
improvemeut of beea, as shall free the owners from charge and 
trouble, and the bees from the ineonveoiencies of swarming and 
many other casualties that attend them. [Home Office, M'arrant 
Book I, p. 55.] 

Aj)ril 9. Pardon to Capt. Humphrey Spurway, late of Tiverton, of all 
Wbitohaii. treasons and felonies and ofall indictments, penalties, Ac, by reason 
thereof. Minute. \lhid.^ 

April 9. Licence to Richard Walmesley with his wife and two daughters 
and their ser^'ants and 901. in money to travel for bis health, with 
the clause of not resorting to any Popish convent or frequenting the 
company of Jesuits, &e. Minute, \preccdents 1,/. 58.] 

April 10, Silas Taylor to Williamson. Yesterday proving very clear, though 
HarBiob. the wind varied between E. and S., several light ships sailed and 
we discovered a great fleet of light colliers at sea bound North. 

I intended to have sent the enclosed on Thursday with the 
Dutch mail, but was prevented by the over officious haste of some 
here. 

A small smack came in here to-day. The master and vessel are 
said to be English, but the captain French with a French com- 
mission, who has hired her. Here is also a Flushing ship bound 
for Surinam on whose motion this smack is said to wait, but by 
what I heaj may wait till he wants bread, for the Flushinger is 
resolved not to stir with hazard. Wind westerly. \S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 869, No. 178.] 



April 10. 
April 10. 



Francis Baatinck to Williamson. About the arrivals and 
departures of mails. [Ibid. No. 179.] 

Commission for Mr. Jephson to be ensign to Capt. Buller, in case 
FitzMaurice, his lieutenant, were dead, as was believed. Minute. 
[S.P.Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 22.] 

April 10. The Duke of Monmouth to the Lord Lieutenant. I wrote to you 
not long since in behalf of Mr. Fielding, on his information that a 
lieutenant's place was vacant by Mr. Monck's absence in Holland. 
But, having since seen Mr. Monck here, I understand that he is 
absent by your leave, and upon your pass, and that he never so 
slighted his employment as to give the occasion to such a report, 



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CHARLES II. 61 



1675. 

which I think myaelf obliged to acquaint you with, as well to pre- 
vent an injury I might have done to a gentleman through a Burpriae, 
aB to let you know how little deairous I am that any should obtain 
their ends by misinformations and false suggestions. [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Rook 41, p. ^Q.} 

April 10. Certificate for Capt. Hudson's 12 horses to pass custom free at 
Calais, and another that they were a present to Sir W. Lockhart. 
Minutes. [Ibul. p. 27.] 

April II. The examination of Thomas Rock, a soldier in Captain Eaton's 
company, taken before Secretary Williamson. Asked about the 

letter to Mrs. Wytham, he says he saw such a letter, but did not 
know whether it came from her father or mother. At the close were 
words to this effect : — Pray speak to your husband that he shall 
speak to his cousins belonging to the Parliament to have a care of 
the Papists, for they owe them a grudge, because they have not 
their liberty. He saw this letter about the beginning of March at 
Wytham's lodgings at Sir Reginald Foster's in Whitecross Street. 
{S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 869, No. 180.] 

April 11. Dr. Randall Sanderson to Williamson. Apologizing for his 

WsThiii. delay in testifying his obligations for kindnesses, and informing him 

that he is sending him two flitches weighing with the sack IVilbB., 

carriage paid, by the Andover carrier to the Saracen's Head, 

Snowhill. [Ibid. No. 181.] 

April 12. Edward Bodfaam to Williamson. Yesterday there being a 
Lynn, private meeting of about 40 of the Presbyterian gang, they were 
discovered by the curate and some officers of St. Margaret's parish 
here. On their discovery some escaped, but enough were taken 
notice of to make satisfaction for the rest. They will be prosecuted 
according to law. 

To-day came hither Mr. Robert Coke of Holkham, being met 
two miles out of the town by above 200 freemen. He is like to 
carry the burgess-ship of this place from Alderman Taylor. To-day 
two small Danish vessels arrived from Norway in 14 days. They 
do not fear any rupture with the Swede, hoping to hold a good 
correspondence with all others. [Ibid. No. 182.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. One of our packet-boats coming in 
about noon to-day I was informed by the master that the Prince 
was at church yesterday sennight, and that he is in perfect health. 
llbid. No. 183.J 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind W. [Ibid. 
No. 184.] 

April 12. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Shipping news. Wind N. 
"'■"''-''" [iHd. No. 185.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 8th there put in here a 
small Dutch vessel in 4 days from Flushing, bound for the Groyne. 
The common report there is that there will be speedily a general 
peace. The 11th came the Hester ol Neath from Rochelle, laden 
with salt and wine. She has been a month at sea, and met several 



April 12 

Uanriuh, 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



timea four OBtend capers, which have taken from them Beven half- 
hogBheads of wine and one of hrandy, with all the master'B and 
men's clothes, bo that they have not wherewith to shift themBelves. 
Our small vesselB in the west are afraid to erosB the seaB, for, if 
they meet with any of them, they Iobc more than they can get by 
their voyage. This ship and others say they have showed their 
seahrief, yet to no pui-poee ; they have no respect to it. [S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 186.] 

Thomas Holden to James HickeB. Giving the same news as the 
last. [Ibid. No. 187.] 

Warrant for a privy seal granting to William Noyea 1001. le«ed 
by the sheriff of Middlesex on several houses in Covent Garden, 
belonging to John Higden, who was outlawed on a plea of debt due 
to the said Noyes, and his lands seized into the King's hands. 
[S.P. Dom., Enti-y Book 26,/. 193.] 

The Duke of Monmouth to Capt. Ramsay at Toul. I have received 
yours of the 18th [n.s.] by Mr. Laws with the account of the 
Major's charge, whereby it appears he is yet accountable for 8,000 
livres, which he says he has disbursed in the following particulars, 
which I enclose, that you may examine whether this be his sufficient 
discharge, or else give me an account of what further remains to 
be done in this particular. I expected that the Major at his coming 
over should have brought with him the whole account of the 
regiment, that I might have known its condition, and he tells me 
he had given order to Quarter -Master Wood for preparing it, which 
he had not yet sent to him. I can't but look on it as a great 
neglect that it should not be done in all this time, and I expect it 
to be sent over by the first opportunity, for the regiment will suffer 
by the delay, the half-pay being to be stopped till I have seen the 
accounts. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 81.] 

The Duke of Monmouth to M. de Louvois. I have just leatnt 
from Mr. Lanier, who came to England a little while ago, how 
much obliged I am to you in the name of the regiment of horse, 
for having removed them from Metz to give them better quarters. 
They only ask to remain there some time longer, without which 
they would be obliged to go on the campaign before they have 
provided themselves with horses and other necessarieB. French, 
llbid.] 

Sir J, Williamson to Lord Aston, I take it for a most particular 
honour that you still give me a place in your memory and kindness 
and beseech you to believe I will in all occasions endeavour to 
deserve it as I ought, but in anything much rather than what yon 
are pleased to put me upon in your letter of the 3rd. I would be 
very sorry to see any of your Lordship's loyal and honourable 
principles take resolutions of leaving us. I am sure you have 
experience and temper enough to digest all those little checks that 
may be met with from neighbours. I have discoursed the matter as 
far as I can with Mr Jeffe, the hearer. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, 
p. 33.] 



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1675. 
April 18. The speeches of the King and the Lord Keeper to both Houses of 
Parliament. (Both printed in Lordg' Journals, i'ol. XII., p. 653.) 
[Printed. Two copies oj 24 pages each. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, 
Nob. 188, 189.] 

April 13. A mannscript copy of the above King's Speech [Ihid. No. 190.] 

April 13- Copies of the King's messages to the House of Commons during 
June 9. the session, all of which are printed in Commons' JournaU, Vol. IX., 
pp. 314, 316, 317, 319, 321. 323, 325, 826, 828, 332, 366, 867. 
(ibid. No. 191.} 

April 13, Four protests of Peers. (All printed in liords' JournaU, Vol. 
21, 27, 29. XII., pp. 666, 664, 669, 671.) [Ibid-. No. 192.] 

April 13. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day. 
{The substance fully appears from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., pp. 
314-316.) [Ibid. No. 193.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. The Dutch ship and the French 
privateer, of which I gave you an account, are at last parted. The 
Frenchmen belonging to the privateer last Saturday evening 
manned a pinnace with intention to cut the Dutchman's cables and 
BO cause her to drive to sea, but Capt. Dumerre, their commander, 
rowed after them, and threatened, if they attempted any molestation 
to any in hia Majesty's harbour here, be would straight row away to 
the fort, and engage the governor against them, so that, what by their 
captain and the readiness they perceived the Dutch were in to 
receive them they desisted. But several of both vessels meeting one 
another on shore last Sunday evening the Dutch afi^onted the 
French with their old accustomed freedom, viz., of their scurrilous 
tongues, BO high, that some were jealous the French would have 
sou^t satisfaction for it in the port. However, nothing was done, 
the French sailing away yesterday morning, but the Dutchman is 
here Btill. The wind is and has been for the most part northerly 
and blows fresh. [Ibid. No. 194.] 



April 18. 
UMwieh. 



April 13. H»gh Salesbury to Williamson. The Adrenture and Ouemsey 
FoitMDoath. (jjg ijQ^ij ^(j spithead ready to sail, waiting only for Lord Inchiquin's 
coming from London to carry him to Tangier. [Ibid. No. 195.] 

April 13. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
No news since my last, only some French men-of-war chased a 
Dutch ship ashore in Torbay. [Ibid. No. 196.] Enclosed, 
The said list. [Ibid. No. 196i.] 

April 13. The Duke of Monmouth to the Lord Lieutenant. On my request 
Whitehall, jq ygy^ yg^ ^gj.Q pleasfld to coutrlve the means that Mr. William 
Sarsfield might be restored to his father's estate, and that Sir 
TheophiluB Jones should accept a compensation instead, and there- 
upon I expected that he should have settled that estate on his wife 
and children, according to his offer to me here, for whom I was 
desirous to procure that advantage. But, I am since informed, he 
was no sooner put into possession of part of the said estate, but 
that he forgot his agreement, and has taken up considerable sums 
on the said part and passed a fine for the same. I cannot but think 



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D0WE8TIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 



myself unfairly dealt with in this manner of proceeding, and there- 
fore, if there be no remedy for what is past, I should he very 
willing to prevent what further prejudice he may bring to those 
personB, whom he is doubly obliged to provide for. For this reason, 
1 desire, that, if Mr. Barsiield be not already possessed of the whole 
estate, a stop may be put to investing him in any more of it, till 
I shall be satisfied by him as to the performance of those conditions, 
which he voluntarily obliged himself to, and which were the only 
motives that induced me to appear in his behalf. 

Poatgeripi. — Since finishing my letter, the news is brought me of 
Mr. Sarsfield's death, therefore I recommend to you the interest of 
his children. [S.P. Dorn., Entry Book il,p. 27.] 

[April?] "A libel counterfeiting a speech of the King's." I told you 
last meeting that winter is the fittest time for business (nee Lords' 
Journtdg XII., p. 649), and I thought so, till the Lord Treasurer 
assured me spring was the fittest season for sallets and subsidies. 
I hope therefore this April will not prove so unnatural as not to 
afford liberty of both. Do not fear to make me too rich, for I promise 
whatever you give me I will always take care to want, lor which 
you may rely on the word of a King. I can bear my own straits 
with patience, but the Lord Treasurer protests the revenue, as it 
stands, is too little for us both, for one of us must pinch, if you do 
not help us. We are under great incumbrances, for, besides my 
W. in private, my reformadoes lie heavily upon me. I have a pretty 
good estate, I confess, but I have a great charge upon it. The Lord 
Treasurer can tell yon that all the moneys designed for this sum- 
mer's guard must be applied to next year's cradleing and swaddling 
clouts. What shall we do then for ships? That's your business, not 
mine. I know by experience I can live without them, I did so 
10 years abroad, and was never in better health in my life, but how 
well you can live without them you best know. I leave it to your- 
selves to judge, and do not intend to insist on it. Another thing 
I press more earnestly is this : it seems a good part of my revenue 
will cease in two or three years, except you continue it. Pray why 
did you give me so much, except you had resolved'to go on ? The 
nation hates you already for having given me so much, and I will 
hate you now, if you do not give me more, so your interest obliges 
you t{) stick to me, or you will not have a friend left in England. 
If you continue the revenue as desired, I shall be enabled to per- 
form those great things for your religion and liberty which I have 
had long in my thoughts, but cannot effect them without this 
establishrnent, therefore look to it. If you do not make me rich 
enough to undo you, it shall lie at your door. I can say with a safe 
conscience I have done my best, and shall leave the rest to my 
successors, but the best way to gain your good opinion is to acquaint 
you with what I have done to deserve it out of my royal care for 
your religion and property. For the first my late proclamation is a 
true picture of my mind. He that cannot as in a glass see my zsal 
tor the Church of England deserves no further satisfaction. Some 
perhaps may say, how comes this sudden change ? I reply, I 
was ever used to it, but to convince you further, first I tell you so, 
and you know I never broke my word ; secondly, ray Lord Treasurer 



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CHARLES TT. 



tells you so, and you know he never told a lie ; thirdly. Lord 
Lauderdale will undertake for me, and I should be luth by any act 
of mine he should forfeit the credit he has with you. I have further 
instances of my zeal, if you desire them ; for example, I have 
converted all my natural sons from Popery, and it was my own 
work, and a3 much peculiar to me as the getting of them. It would 
do your heart good to hear how pretty little George can read his 
Psalter. They are fine children, and so like me in their under- 
standing. To please you I have given Lord Lauderdale a pension 
of 4,00(W. a year, not so much as I thought he wante^J it, as that I 
knew you would take it kindly. I have made Carwell a duchess, 
and married her sister to Lord Pembroke, and at my brother's 
request have sent Lord Inchiquin to aettle the Protestant religion 
at Tangier, and at the first word of the Duchess of Portsmouth have 
preferred Dr. Brideoke to he Bishop of Chichester, and have made 
Crew Bishop of Durham. I do not know what factious men would 
have, but I am sure none of my predecessors ever did any thing like 
me to gain the good will of his subjects. So much for religion, now 
for yonr property. My behaviour to the Bankers for a public 
instance, and the proceeding about Mr. Hide and Mr. Lutton for a 
private one, are such convincing evidences, it would be needless to 
say more of it. By the Lord Treasurer's advice I have made a 
considerable retrenchment of my expenses in candles and charcoal, 
and intend not to stop here, but will with your help look into the 
late embezzlement of my kitchen stuff, of which . upon my conscience, 
neither the Lord Treasurer nor Lord Lauderdale are guilty, but, if 

fou find them dabbling in that business, I leave them to you, for 
would have the world know I am not a man to he cheated. I 
would have you believe of me as you have found me, and solemnly 
promise that whatever you give me shall be managed with the same 
conduct, thriftiness, sincerity and prudence that I have ever practised 
since my happy restoration. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 869, Ao. 197.] 

April 18-16. Quotations from law-books relating to the bill for the augmenta- 
tion of vicarages, the debate about members for Durham, the 
appointment of a Committee to review bills depending the last 
session, the appointment of a Committee on the laws relating to 
Highways, Sir John Prettyman's case, the bill for erecting a Court 
of Conscience, the exactions of the officers of the Aulnage and 
Hundred Courts, all in the House of Commons, and the bill for the 
Trial of Peers introduced into the House of Lords. [Ibid. So. 198.] 

April 14. Journal of the proceedings in Che House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 316, except 
that it appears that the Parliament rolls therein mentioned as being 
tendered to the House were about their continuing their meetings 
during the time that any petitions of the people are depending. 
[Ibid. No. 199.] 

April 14. John Beading to Williamson. About 6 on Monday night the 

'Do^'" Calais packet-boat arrived with the mail and passengers. Lord 

Howard, Sir Theodore Dewes and several other gentlemen came. 

This morning the Calais packet-boat went to sea with the mail and 

a few passengers, none of note, wind N.W. This morning a vessel 



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fifi DOMESTIC RTATE PAPERS. 

1675. 

from London, with powder and shot, bound for France, run ashore 
on the rocks in the road. The men are all saved, but the veasel 
sank. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, A'o. 200.] 

April 14. Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. No news. Wind fresh at north- 
Weymoath. west. [Ibid. No. 201.] 

April 14. Warrant to Sir John Howell, the Recorder, and the Sheriffs of 

wiiitehBlt. London and Middlesex, to reprieve Edward Toll, condemned to 

death at the Old Bailey for setting fire to hia master's bouse, he 

bepng under 14 years of age, and ha^-ing been instigated by a 

servant maid. ys.P. Dom,, Entn/ Book 28,/. 128.] 

April 14. Michael Boyle, Arehbisbop of DubUn nnd Lord Chancellor, to 
IhibliD. Williamson. Though I am not able to reproach myself with 
neglect of any duty either to the King or to this country, yet I am 
advised it would be prudent to engage some particular person to 
attend at London, lest in these busy and circumventing times some- 
thing might be stirred up to my prejudice, whereof I might not 
receive timely advertisement. I have thereupon prevailed on the 
bearer, Mr. Muschamp, a relation of my own, to spend some time 
during the sitting of the Parliament, and humbly recommend him 
to your notice, and beseech yon to allow him the honour of 
waiting on you sometimes. Thus you may see how your generous 
humour and very great civilities increase your troubles. [S.P. 
Ireland, Car. II. 895, A'o. 164.] 

April 14. The Privy Council in England to [Michael Boyle, Archbishop of 
Whitebnii. Dublin and Lord Chancello^ . To-day the petition of Dame Charity, 
the relict of Sir Maurice Eustace, late Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 
Iwing read to his Majesty in Council, which complained that she is 
debarred by a judgment in the Court of Chanceiy in Ireland of the 
lienefit of a general custom of that kingdom, and particularly of 
a custom of the (.'ity of Dublin, whereof her husband was a 
freeman, whereby she ie to enjoy to her own use the full moiety of 
her deceased husband's i>ersonal estate, after payment of his funeral 
expenseR and debts, notwithstanding the benefit thereof, on a full 
hearing between the petitioner and the executors of her said 
husband, was allowed her in the Chancery of the Court of Exchequer 
in Ireland, all which fully appears in her petition, whereof a copy is 
enclosed, and prayed that, ui regard the said matters are of great 
consequence relating to a general custom of the said city and 
kingdom, she might be admitted to a rehearing before your Grace in 
Chancery, assisted with the judges, his Majesty has granted her 
request, which by his command we hereby signify to you, and also 
require you with all convenient speed to rehear the said cause, 
calling to your assistance tbe judges of both Benches and the 
Barons of the Exchequer not concerned in the cause, and with their 
advice finally to settle and determine the same according to right, 
and it is his further pleasure that, till the said cause be reheard, all 
further proceedings on the former decree be stayed. [Cojn/, Ibid. 
Xo. 1550 

April 15, Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commttng' jDumalx, Vol. IX., p. 817, except 



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CHARLES TI. 



April 15. 

Wkllingford 



April 15. 

Bridlington. 



April 15 

Htuiridi. 



the reason given by the Marshnl for not delivering up the body of 
Sir .T. Prettyman, viz., that he knew not who Bbould be his security, 
that after the fleasionB he should return to prison. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 869, ^'o, 202.] 

Charles Bertie to Williamson. Entreating him to use hie 
interest with Dr. Busby that Henry Steed, one of the King's 
Scholars of Westminster, may he elected for Oxford by the Dean of 
Christ Church the next election. {Ibid. No. 203.] 

T. Aslaby to Williamson. Last Tuesday loosed out of this 20 
light colliers and stood northwards, wind E.S.E. It is now N.N.E., 
and very good weather. \Ibid. No. 204.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. A little past noon to-day, after I had 
written the enclosed, one of our packet-boats came in. I had by it 
a letter dated 2i) April giving this account : that Rheinberg was 
three weeks since again taken by the French ; that there is slender 
preparation against the French in Holland either by sea or land. 
\Vhat issue this summer's work may produce God knows, yet some 
here believe the French King intends to make peace with this state 
on very easy terms, but he concludes, that he is of another opinion. 
[Ibid.' No. 205.] 

April 15. James Welsh to Williamson. Yesterday the Cathcmie yacht 
went hence for Dieppe, carrying over the Hon. Henry Sidney, the 
Earl of Leicester's son. [Ibid. No. 206.] 

April 16. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. The Adrenttire and (Juetiisey are 
PortaiDDDtb. at Spithead, ready to sail when the Earl of Inchiquin comes. 
[Ibid. No. 207.] 

April 16. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Last Friday, I am informed, an 
PendeDoi*. unhappy accident happened at Penzance. A small vessel from 
Bristol put in there. All the men went ashore, leaving only a boy 
on board. There was hot lime, pitch and tar in her. It took fire, 
by what accident none knows. The boy was saved in a boat, but 
the ship burnt to a coal. Since Monday some few small vessels 
are come in. One from France laden with salt and wine met with 
a privateer, which took from him all his wine and beat him and his 
men severely. One from New England, that touched at Barbados 
to repair some disasters, says all things are quiet and ^ell in those 
parts. Other shipping news. [Ibid. No. 208.] 

April 16. Thomas Holden to Williamson. Yesterday came in the Desire, 
Palmoutb. of Southampton, from Cork, homeward-bound. They report all 
things in those parts to be quiet and thriring. The John's Adim- 
ture, of London, also came in in 9 weeks from Barbados. They 
report that the last crop has been very plentiful and good, and that 
but few ships are there, so that the islanders think there is some 
stop of ships in England. [^Ibid. No. 209.] 

Pass for the Sieur de Montargis to transport to France 20 horses 
sent from his Majesty to several persons there. [Home O^e, 



April 
WhiU 



Warrant Book 1, p. I 



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1075. 
April 16. 



AprU 16, 
17, 19, 20. 

April 16. 



April 16. 

Plfmoulb, 



April 16. 
April 17. 

April 17. 

April 17. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPETiS. 



Journal of the proceedings in the House of Gommons that day, 
which fully appear from Cojnmmi» Journals, Vol. IX., p. 317. 
IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 210.] 

Quotations from law-books relating to several bills before the 
House of Commons on those days. [Ibid. No. 211.] 

James Hickea to Williamson. As yet nothing hath visibly 
appeared for Mr. John Holford in Taunton. {Ibid. No. 312.] 

Richard Potts to Williamson. No news. Wind easterly, 
[Ibid. No. 213.] 

Richard Wattu to Williamson. These violent N.E. winds for the 
last six or seven days give us no foreign news. For domestic, the 
old rebellious party persist with their private meetings, notwith* 
standing his Majesty's late declarations to the contrary. 'Tis 
believed and hoped by the cavaldry that Parliament wUl sit a 
considerable time and revive Acts against Recusants in general. 
Some dispute is beginning between the two parties at Canterbury 
about the choice of the late Mayor there. The Royal party say the 
choice is not legal, the fanatic are of the other opinion. 
llbid. No. 214.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Another arrived to-day whose name I have not got yet. The 
Master's name is Perymau of this place, who left B'lushing last 
Wednesday. The day l)efore news came there that the French army 
was come within six mites of Middelburg at a place where 
there was a very narrow arm of the sea, the French being on 
the other side the water. This alarm occasioned the drums to be 
beaten all over the country to raise forces to stop the French. 
There was also a general report nil over the United Provinces that 
the Prince of Orange was poisoned, on which there was a meeting 
at the Hague by the Commonalty, who would not be satisfied till 
the Prince showed himself to them out of a window. Two of the 
lords were banged for plotting against him, [Ibid. No. 215.] 
Kiirhsed, 

The mill lint. [Ihi<l. .\o. 216 i.j 

Warrant for the restitution of the temporalities of the bishopric 
of LlandafF to William, the present bishop. [S.P. Dom., Eiitrj/ 
Book 27, /. 65.] 

Pass for 10 horses for the Due de Luxembourg as a present to 
Sir W. Lockhart. [S.P. Dom., Entn/ Book 41, p. 28.] 

Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commont' Jom-nalg, Vol. IX., p. 318. 
[S.P. D<ym., Car. II. 369, No. 216.] 

Certificate by Sir William Peake that Witte Lambert took the 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. [Ibid. 
No. 217.] 

The Mayor and Jurats of Hastings to Williamson. By letters 
from Mr, Samuel Otes we understand that his son, Titus, ie expected 



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to attend and make good his late informatiou against Oapt. William 
Parker, senior, exhibited to us and enclosed to you in our late 
letters, before the Privj- Council next Wednesday. But, because he 
is bound to give eridence on an indictment against William Parker, 
junior, son of the above, for an unnatural oETence, whose trial is 
unavoidably to be at the gaol delivery at this town next Thursday, 
which we are all necessarily to attend, we pray that another day 
of attendance may be appointed for the said Titus Otes and others 
concerned in the said information. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, 
Xo. 218.] 

April 17. Silas Taylor to Williamson. No packet-lx>at has arrived since 
Hsmoh. my i^t_ Qj^ Thursday evening the Navy yacht came in from 
Yarmouth. The captain says some of his men were infonued 
there that the people belonging to the derelict fly-boat here got 
ashore in their boat somewhere thereaI>out. Among them were 
several passengers, who, getting into the boat, told the rest on board, 
that, if they would not come off with them, they would not return 
to fetch them off, so it is reported they all went off together. The 
wind continues N.E. Yesterday morning came in a Flushinger 
with a Brandenburg commission against the 8wedes, as it is 
reported, but has got no purchase yet. [Ibui. Xo. 219.] 

[1675 ?] Mr. Benson's case with Sir John Eeresby and Mr. Longe. Sir 
[April 17?] John alleges there are but 9 votes in Aldborough and that he bad 
5. Mr. Benson says there are 25 and he has 15, but, admitting 
there are hut 9, yet ^Ir. Benson shows he has 6 of them and excepts 
against every one of Sir John's votes, and shows that none of them 
had a right to vote for him. It is tme two of those are ancient 
messuages, but the persons that voted for them had no title to 
them. One other of the 9 voted for Mr. Longe. 

As to Mr. Longe, Mr. Benson says he had one of the 9 and 4 of 
the 25, and that the rest of Mr. Longe's are copyholders, cottagers, 
and new purchasers of chantrj' lands, who never voted before. 
llbid. No. 220.] 

[April 17 ?] Note by John Ramsden, sheriff of Yorkshire, that the execution 

of this writ is shown by an indenture certified by Peter Foster, 

bailiff of the within named borough. Latin. With note, that Mr. 

Benson is returned only by Foster's indenture. {See Commons' 

^g,^g Joumah, Vol IX., p. 318.) [Ibid. No. 221.] 

[April 17.] Bill continuing for 5 years longer a former Act giving liberty to 
bay and export leather and skins tanned and dressed. (See 
Commont' JowrmU, Vol IX., p. 318.) [/fctd. No. 222.] 

April 17. Warrant to Gilbert, Archbishop of Canterbury, to grant a 
Whitehall, diapensation to Dr. William Lloyd, Bishop elect of Llandaff, to 

hold in commendam Cadington Minor prebend, belonging to St. 

Paol's, London, and the rectory of St. Andrew's, diocese of Llandaff. 

{S.P. Dom., Entry Book i7,j. 65.] 

A|nil 17. The Eing to the Master and Fellows of Sidney Sussex College. 

Wbitab^ Directing fliat Richard Eeynolds, M.A., Fellow of the College, 

employed by the King as schoolmastor at Tangier, should, as long 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



as he continues in that service, remain a Fellow and enjoy all the 
profits and other advantages of bis Fellowship as if he were resident, 
and dispensing iu his favour with auy statute to the contrary. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 47, p. 6.] 

April 17. Order on the petition of Abraham Jaggard for making the ship, 
now (;alled the Join) and ^lani, taken in the last Pulch war Iiy 
virtue of letters of marque granted by the High Admiral of Scotland, 
and adjudged lawful prize by the Admiralty Court there, and bought 
by the [letitioner, a free Khip. \_Precedentx 1, f. 59.] 

April 17. Similar orders tor the ships Young Einpemr, now called the John, 
of Newcastle, and the i'oung T'lbias, now called the L>e»ire, of 
Yarmouth, the last on the petition of John Dare, gf Yarmouth. 
Minutes, \_lbid.'] 

April 18. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.E. The Adventure and 
Portsmouth. Guermey continue at Spithead, waiting for Lord Inchiquin. 
[_S.P. Dom.. Car. 11. 369, So. 223.1 

April 18. Commissions to Sir William Colster to be ensign to Major 
Utaniere, to Thomas Merryman to be first lieutenant to Captain 
Bamsay, and to Francis Carol to be second lieutenant to Captain 
Burke. Minutes. \S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 29.] 

April 18. Grant to Thomas Povey, as one of the Masters of Bequests, of a 

WhitebttU. pension of lOOf. per annum for his life, to commence from Lady Day 

last. Minute. [Home Ofice, Wan-ant Book l,p. 61.] 

April 19. Journal of the procedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' .Journals, \\>L IX., p. 318. 
[5.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, .V->. 224.] 

April 19. Henry Bellingham to Williamson. Bequestiug him to write to 
Sir T. Chicheley that be may have 34^. 12s. Sd. out of the nest 
moneys due to Joseph Buckmaster, master carman to the Ordnance 
Office, as he has a bond under his hand for the same, and his 
necessity is such that he expects every day to be cast into prison. 
[Ibid. \o. 225.] 

April 19. W, Kingsley to Williamson. My former acquaintance with you 
Ciraterlurj. at Oxford emboldens me to acquaint you with some very unhand- 
some passages between our Mayor and Mr. Barrett, a young green- 
headed lawyer, against my worthy friend Serjeant Hardres, one of 
the burgesses for Canterbury. To declare to you the several affronts 
to a gentleman of an ancient eminent family and one learned in 
the laws, besides M.P,, is not in truth to be imagined. I 
implore your assistance to my good friend, and real resentment of 
this high abuse to a gentleman who so little deserves it. IZbid. 
No. 226.] 

April 19 John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
Dover. departures of the packet-boats and mails and other vessels, [/bid. 

No. 227.] 



Hugh Acland to WUliamaon. 

[Ihid. No. 228.] 



Wind S.E. No other news. 



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CHARLES n. 71 

1675. "'' ~ 

April 19, Fraucis Bellott to Willitimson. Shipping news. Wind ia and 
Pendennii. has long Continued E. [.S'.P. Dom., Car. II. 869, So. 2*29.] 

[April 19.] Bill for the Trial of Peers as amended in Committee. {See Lorda' 
Joimtah, Vol. XII., p. 662.) (Printed in The Niittlt Report of the 
Historical MSS. Vommisgio,,, Part II., />. 50.) [Ibid. Xn. 230.] 

April 19. Warrant to John Dawson, meaeenger, to take into custody Sir 
Robert Peyton and bring him before the King in Council to answer 
what ahall \ie objected gainst him. Minute. [S.P. Horn., Entry 
Book 28, p. 129.] 

April 19. yir J. Williamson to the CommiBsioners of the Customs. By 
Whitehall, his Majesty's commancU transmitting to them translations of three 
memorials presented to him by the Dutch Ambassador, that they 
may inform themselves how the several matters of fact stand, and 
give their opinion accordingly, one of which being like to concern 
the farmers of the French tonnage, they are to put it in a way that 
the parties interested in the farm may know the case, and say what 
they have to say upon it. \S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 34.] 

A{iril 19. Warrant to John Wickbam, messenger, to take into custody and 
Whitehall, bring before the Council William Carslake tor spreading false and 
seditious news. Minute, {_IIomi' 0^-e, Warrant Book 1, p. 56.] 

.\pril 20. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 319. 
[Tti-o copies. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, Nos. 231, 232.] 

April 20. Dr. Richard Sterne, Archbishop of York, to WiUiamson. This 
time twelvemonth, after a full year's controversy between Dr. Neile 
and me concerning his admission to the Deanery of Bipon (whether 
it should be by the King's immediate mandate to the CHiapter there, 
as Dr. Neile had been, following the error of Dr. Wilkins, or by 
his Majesty's presentation to the Archbishop, as both Jure commnni 
and by the fundamental charter of that church it ought to be, and 
by the practice in the time of King James and King Charles I. it 
had been), it was at last determined that it should be the latter 
way, as I desired, and so, though Dr. Neile had been actually 
admitted on the King's immediate mandate, yet he was orderetl to 
go over all the seals again and to be presented to me as Archbishop 
of York, and to be anew instituted and installed, whereby it wuh 
settled for the future, Dr- Neile died last week, and, as I hear, Dr. 
Tulty is designed as his successor. My request is, that, lest there 
may be any new trouble about it, you would set it right at the 
beginning, that it may pass by way of presentation, as it did and 
ought to do. [Ibid. No. 238.] 

April 20. Dr. J. Fell to Williamson. I shall take care that the Latin MS. 

C mention be speedily returned. At present, it being in the 
ds of a gentleman who is in Kent, I cannot come at it, but I 
hope two or three weeks will create no inconvenience. Next week 
I hope for an opportunity of attending on you, when I shall give 
you an account of the commands you have laid upon me, and 
expect your more particular in the concern you formerly mentioned. 
llbid. Xo. 284.] 



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DOMESTIC KTATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
April 20. 



April 20. 

Tbr 'iatriitrij, 
Pljiiioulh 



Charles Gaudy to Williamson. Beseeching leave to acquaint 
him, that, when the King was last at Newmarket, lie promised the 
writer his letter for the recommendation of this gentleman, Ur. 
Secomb's, son, to the Charterhouse, and gave his permission to be 
reminded of it by Williamson, and assuring bim he is a person who 
deserves the favour extremely, and wants the advantage, and is 
every way fit for bim to assist. [S.P. Dom-, tfor. //■ 369, 
No. 235.] 

Sir Palmes Fairbome to Williamson. The 16th I embarked at 
Portsmouth, and yesterday afternoon arrived here. There being 
little wind, and what there was at west, we came to an anchor. Just 
now, being 9 a.m., the winil is come N.E., so we are getting under 
sail as fast as we can, not doubting we shall have a very quick 
passage to Tangier. I am extremely sensible of the many favours I 
received from you since my being in England, and beg you will 
honour me still with your good opinion. The memorial I presented 
you of my knighthood to be put in the newsbook was not done, as 
you ordered, the Thursday before I left London. If it was not done 
since, I beseech you to order it to be so. llbid. No. 236.] 

Ricliard Potts to Williamson. Last Saturday arrived here two 
vessels of this place from Rotterdam. The master of one, the 
Mirehaut's Adventure, says that on the Ist going tor Rotterdam 9 
leagues eastward of Yarmouth Roads a small caper of 8 guns with 
French colours came up with them, and took from them butter and 
other goods above the value of 10?., notwithstanding their aeabrief 
was showed them. The wind continues N.E. [Ibid. A'o, 237-] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.E. The Gupmscy sailed 
Sunday afternoon in their voyage to Tangier, and with her went Sir 
P. Fairbome. The Adrentiire attends the Earl of Inchiquin and is 
ready to sail when he comes. [Ibid. Xo. 238.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
The (ruenisey with the victuallers to-day set sail for Tangier with 
a fair wind. [Ibid. No. 239.] Eucloted, 
The said lut. [Ibid. No. 289 1.] 

Warrant to the Recorder and the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex 
to reprieve William Spencer, prisoner in Newgate, convicted at the 
Old Bailey ae accessory to a burglary committed in the lodgings of 
Robert, Earl of Manchester, within Whitehall Palace. Minute. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 28,/. 129.] 

^ril 20. Sir J. Williamson to the Lord Mayor. Recommending to him by 
Whitehall, the King's command for the freedom of the city the bearer, Jaques 
Caroii, a French hatter, a great master in that trade, who comes 
with design to settle it here to a degree that never yet has been 
done, especially that of Caudebecs, and whom the King has ordered 
to be made a denizen. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 35.] 

April 21. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fullv appear from Commntix' Journals, Vol. IX., }>. 320, 
[S.V. Iiuiii, Car. II. 369, No. 240-] 



April 20. 



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CHARLES II. 78 

1675. 
April 21. Edward Craufield to Williamuon. We Biiiled on the 12th from 
The Ammra. TorBfty,wind N.N.W., and now wfl are in the latitude 89" 45', where, 
meeting with some ships bound for the Channel, I thought it my 
duty to give you an account where we are. The wind coming up 
last night at N.E. we hope will carry us in a few days to the 
Maderae. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 241.] 

April 21. T. Aslaby to Williamson. The Quakers and other Dissenters 
Bridlington, m^et frequently in great numbers. Seven or eight light colliers 

are at anchor in this bay waiting a fair wind to the northward. It 

is now N.N.E. [lUd. Xo. 242.J 

April 21. Edward Bodham to Williamson. This l>eing the day for electing 
Ljnn. a burgess, we have elected Mr. Robert Coke of Hotkham. He had 
291 votes ; his competitor, Alderman Simon Taylor, but 205. [Ibitl. 
Xo. 243.] 

April 21. Richard Watts to WilUamson. Those high winds between N. 
^*™'- and E. keep the outward-bound ships up the River and admit none 
to come up the Channel. I received the Weekly Letter last Friday, 
which has been viewed by several gentlemen and others. They 
much rejoice at his Majesty's good thoughts of his Parliament, and 
opinion of establishing the Protestant Religion. I have your 
- packets for Algiers and Trii)oli. No bhip wince that of the super- 
cargo who refiAed to take them Ims come in. 1 have twice before 
written of them, but have no command to send them up or keep 
them till opportunity presents. [Ibid. Xi>. 244.] 

April 21. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
^«r. departures of the packet-boats and mails. [Ztirf. Xo. 245.] 

.\prii 21. Warrant for the presentation of Stephen Sowton, M.A., to the 
Whitehall, rectory of Orsett, Essex- [S./'. Dim. , Entry Book 27, f. 66.] 

April 21. Secretary Coventry to the Bishop of Chester. Senduig a coi>y 
\\liitc)iaU. oi Mr. Ogden's second petition for a mandanuu for a fellowship 

in Manchester College and desiring his answer thereupon. 

[Ibul. f. 183.] 

April 21. Licence to Edward Yilliers, after reciting a grant to him of the 
keepership of the mansion house at Richmond and of the Little Park 
there, and of the keepership of the game there, to keep a pack of 
beagles to hunt within the said manor, with a prohibition of all 
persons from hunting in the said manor without the King's licence. 
\Pr€cecUHtsl,f. 59.] 

April 22. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 321, \S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 369, .Vo. 246.] 

April 22, Quotations from law-books and other authorities relating to several 
26, May 2. bills before the House of Commons on those days. Under 2 May, 
on the general bill for natoralization, is quoted " Antoninus Pivs 
mitltis peregrinia jus Romance civitatia dedit ; " and the Doke of 
Savoy's project in 1627. To bring into Piedmont commerce and to 
shun the necessity of sending intu foreign paits for commodities 
that may be easily brought to his ports, and which come by way oi 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEBS. 



^ril 22. 
[April 22.] 

[April 22.] 

April 22. 



MarseiUee, Genoa and Leghorn, the Duke has reBolved in his citdes 
and ports utterly to take away all customs and imposts, and to grant 
ample and perpetual liberty to all nations as well for trade as 
habitation, utterly abolishing a law called la legge Ubena, and 
establishing all manner of necessary and wholesome laws for the 
execution of speedy justice and for ordering good and valuable 
moneys and whatsoever else shall be thought necessary and con- 
venient. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 869, So. 247.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. Yesterday many hght colliers came 
in here, the wind blowing a brisk gale at N.E., but this morning it 
being got westward of north they are hastening out again. No 
packet-boat has arrived since my last. [^ilid. No. 248.] 

Hugh Halesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. The Adrenture 
continues at Spithead tarrying for the Earl of Inchiquin. llbid. 
Xo. 249.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The Blessing of Barbados came 
in here in seven weeks from thence with sugars for London. They 
speak of the good crop there, and that several vessels came out 
with him and the Phvenix frigate, which they say came from 
Guinea, and that she had taken two Dutch ships there before the 
peace. It is supposed the rest of the fleet are got up as high as 
Plymouth, wind N.E. The Hope of Newcastle and about 20 more 
came in here from Kochelle, most of them laden with salt. They . 
say the French fleet for the Bank is gone to sea with a good 
convoy. The 2l3t came in here the Content of Falmouth in five 
days from Rotterdam, which says a great fleet is fitting out there 
for Greenland with a good convoy, and that, a little before they 
came away, three ships put to sea for the East Indies, and that they 
expected next year 20 sail from there. It was reported that a Bran- 
denburger had brought in to some part of Holland a Swedes prize, 
and that the King of England had sent over two physicians to the 
Prince of Orange, and that he was recovered and had been abroad. 

A great Dutch ship from St. Tubus (St. Ubes) that lay here 
several weeks for convoy bad orders last post to put to sea and go 
about Ireland and Scotland, and accordingly put to sea on Tuesday, 
wind E. Some vessels that came in the day before said there were 
two French men-of-war off the Lizard, one of 35 and the other of 
28 guns, so it will be hard for her to escape. I wish I might have 
the Kings speech sent me. [Ihid. No. 250.] 

Thomas Holden to Jameh Hickes. Giving the same news as the 
last. [Ibid. No. 251.] 

Order that a careat may be entered in the name of Itobert Bertie, 
Secretary to the Customs, that nothing pass relating to his office 
without notice to him. [Ibid. Xo. 252!] 

Bill to prevent any members of the House of CommonB from 
taking upon them any public office. (See Commont' JournaU, 
Vol. IX., p. 821.) [Ibid. No. 25S.] 

Careat that nothing pass relating to the place of Secretary of the 
Customs, without notice to Robert Bertie, the present Secretary. 
IS.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 9.] 



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1676. 
April 23. 



[April 23.] 
April 23. 



Ai>ril 23. 



April 28. 

Pljmoath. 



CHARLES 11. 



Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 666, aiid Commons' 
Journals, i'ul. IX., p. 322. [S.P. Doin., Car. II. 869, Nog. 
254, 255.] 

Address of the House of Commons against the Duke of Lauderdale. 
(Printed in Commons' -lountals, Vol. /A"., p. 322.) [Ihid. Xo. 256.] 

John Gould to Williamson. My work with your Honour is to 
put in a good word for Mr. Carslake. The poor man may have 
8howe<l his weakness ; bis love to what he esteems desirable may 
have prompted him to more than was fit, but I conclude there was 
not tlie least deiiign of evil. But that I was fettered with business, 

I should this morning have been a petitioner to his Majesty in his 
behalf. I pray let what kindness can be, be afforded the poor man, 
who is unable to bear the burden of the charge. I am the more 
earnest, because he was a constant and painful preacher in the city 
all the time of the plague, when scarce any remained to engage 
in 80 necessary and then hazardous a work. [IbUI. Xo. 267.] 

Dr. Thomas TuUy to Williamson. Your letter found me here 
this morning, where the cold uncertain weather will oblige me to 
stay all this night. I propose to wait on you next week with the 
payment of my thankful respects. I fear Monday night will be 
the soonest I can reach Oxford from here, where my crazy body 
will require a day's rest, and then, as fast as I can crawl, for 
London. I have also sent my humblest thanks to my Lord of 
Durham. [Ibid. Xo. 258.] 

Daniel Fleming to Williamson. To receive for a poor present 
two such kind letters as you have sent me, one writ the 13th, 
a very throng day for a man of your figure, is an extraordinary 
obligation. That day was one of much business to you and of very 
much sorrow to me, for then it pleased God to call my dearly 
beloved wife out of this miserable world and to leave me and 

I I hopeful children to bemoan such an extraordinary loss. 

We have had here a late unhappy dispute among the magistrates 
about taking away the Quarter Sessions from Kendal, where they 
have been held a long time to the great advantage of this county. 
Sir P. Musgrave is engaged against us, for whom we all have a very 
great kindness and honour, whose interest, we know, is very great. 
But, if he shall make any application to you about this, I doubt not 
you'll keep one ear open, till you shall hear what may be said in 
behalf of the inhabitants in the barony of Kendal. We only desire 
to continue things as they have been a long time, which we are very 
confident will be much more advantageous to the King and country 
than a change will prove. I will forbear giving you any further 
trouble, (ill you give me leave to do it, and then you shall have a 
true account of this affair, and we abali beg your aBsistance therein- 
llbid. No. 259-] 

Richard Potts to Williamson. No news. Wind N.E. [Ibid. 
No. 260.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
The BUssing of this place that left Rotterdam last Sunday can eay 



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7(! DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1676. 

nothing of the French being near Middelburg, or of a plot gainst 
the Prince of Orange, bo I conceive the report I had from the maBter 
of a ship from Flushing was a mistake. {S.l'. Dom., Car. II. 369, 
iVo. 261.] Enclosed, 

The mid list. [Ibid. No. 261 1.] 

April 23. Secretary Coventry to the Lord Treasurer. Sending by the King's 
command a letter from Sir Richard Figott, to whom the King made 
a promise that there should he no more proceeding against him in 
the Exchequer, till he and his partners have been heard. The King 
wishes that a stop is to be put to any extents issuing till the farmers 
are heard. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 26,/. 194.] 

April 23. Congr d'elirx to the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln to choose a bishop 
in place of Dr. William Fuller, deceased, and letter recommending 
Dr. Thomas Barlow, Provost of Queen's College, and Margaret 
Professor of Divinity, Oxford. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 27. /. 183.] 

M>rii 23. Licence to WilUam Legge, cornet to the Earl of Oxford's own 
Whitehall, troop in his regiment, to be absent for 12 months, and to be mus- 
tered as cornet witli his two men during his absence. Minute. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 44, p. 13.] 

April 23. Grant to John Griffith and Charles Coling, eon of Richard Goling, 

whitfliiJI. successively, and to the survivor of them of the clerkship of the 

Billets in the Court of the Marches of Wales for their lives and for 

the life of the survivor. Minute. lUoiiie Office, Warrant Book 1, 

p. 57.] 

April 28. Thomas Burrowes to Williamson. On Wednesday evening came 
Kiimie. jq jijg ji^gg qj Belfast from France with salt and brandy. Her 
master says that two more of his town came out with him, and that 
they met a Flushing caper, which took from him a barrel of 
brandy, from one of the others half a hogshead of brandy, and from 
the third a hogshead and a puncheon of brandy and beat the 
master very much. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. SSfi, A'o. 156.] 

April 24. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Joamaii, Vol. IX., p. 323, except 
that a bill to revive and make perpetual an Act for avoiding 
nnneceseary suits and delays was read and ordered to be read 
again. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 262.] 

April 24. Scheme of a method to be employed for the fishing trade to be 
established under- 3 conuoissioners, 4 treasurers, ana 16 under- 
officers, 40 busses of 70 tons each to be built, and a stock of 40,0001. 
to be provided ; with estimate of the charge and profits, showing that 
31,4631. would be gained the first year. Noted by iViUiam»on, as 
given him by the King to keep that day. [Ibid. No. 268.] 

[April 24.] Objections by the King gainst setting up the fishing trade, that 
we have not experienced seamen and fishermen enoogh ; that the 
Hollanders living more cheaply and knowing the markets will 
undersell us, and their merchants may sell at a loss to discourage 



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CHARLES II. 77 

1675. 

us ; and that the laziness of English seamen will spoil the under- 
taking ; with answers thereto ; the laziness is to he checked by 
allowing the fishermen a proportion of the fish eanght. [^S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 369, No. 264.] 

[April24.] Memorandum of advantages to be derived from the fishing trade, 
viz., setting poor people to work ; saving 300,000/, spent yearly in 
the purchase of fish from the Hollanders ; advantage of traffic with 
the fish ; increase of shipping, and making good pilots. [Ibid. 
No. 265.] 

jUiril 24. Silas Taylor to Williamson. After sending away mine last 
Harvieh. Thursday, I had this account of the double commissioned Dutch 
privateer, that had a Dutch and a Brandenburg commission. It is 
here reported that he declared he would have one of those Swede 
vessels that were at anchor in Hollesley Bay under the convoy of 
the Pearl, and a caper with a French commission plying hereabouts 
he threatened him also, yet kept at anchor near Landguard Fort. 
The French caper came in here and passed by him last Wednesday 
□ight, and about 1 on Thursday morning boards the Dutchman, 
secures their watch of four men on deck, and all the rest where 
they were in the hold, cuts their cable, and steals her away with 
them to sea, and all this without so much as a musket or pistol 
fired. 

The latter part of this I had yesterday confirmed by one of the 
four Dutchmen that were on the watch, who says, they, not mistrust- 
ing anything when the caper was laying them aboard, with their 
hands endeavoured to thrust the caper off, when presently they 
were entered by 40 men and secured. The French caper had two 
small guns, and the Dutch two also, and two or four pederas 
mounted, well armed and victualled, and a Dutch chaplain on 
board to pray for a blessing on their honest endeavours. 

Yesterday very many light colliers, not liking the weather, came 
in here. The wind blows very stiffly at east. [/?'»/. No. 266.] 

.\pril 24. Richard Watts to Williamson. Yesterday afternoon in the storm 
^^^' came out of Ostend a galliot hoy of about 60 tons bound for Ireland. 
Last niglit she ran fast on the north part of the Goodwin, and 
suddenly broke to pieces. Though it blew a whole storm, God 
gave the men a fine slatch of weather, and they all got into their 
boat, and came before the wind and arrived here to-day. It blows 
a gale at N.E., variable. [Ibid. No. 267.] 

April 24. James Welsh to Williamson. The Ostend capers are veiy busy on 
*r«- our coast and commit several outrages amongst our merchant vessels, 
and particularly last Tuesday not far from Dungeness an Ostend 
caper came up to a small fisher-boat of this town, who were shooting 
their nets to catch mackerel, and, though our men, when thev saw 
her come towards them, declared themselves to be English fisher- 
men, the; poured into this small open boat a volley of small shot, 
and shot one of the men through the arm and broke the bone, so 
that it is much questioned whether he will escape or not. Our 
Mayor and jurats have given an account of it to Secretary 
Coventry and I thought it my duty to give you this also, that, if 
you thuik fit, you may acquaint his Majesty and Council, in order 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



to preveut further mischief. Our poor eeaman hopes he might 
have Batisfftction for this injury from the Captain, if he could know 
his name, which he could not learn, nor could they make any 
further discovery of the ship, but by her having 1'2 guns, and that 
they confessed themselves Ostenders. 

Postscript. — I am since informed she has 14 guns and that the 
captain's name is Philip Mastricke. [S.P. Dimi., Car. II. 369, 
So. 268.] 

April 24. T. B, to : . That business that you might expect some 

account of. The friends met not, as was promised, wherefore you 
may expect what may be of consequence from particular friends. 
There is much news talked of, but 'tis dangerous to write, some say, 
for letters are opened at the post houses, and some are questioned 
already for writmg, they say. 'Tis doubted it will go bard with 
Dissenting friends, maiiy fear, others hope it will go well in the 
end. There are high differences, some say, amongst them. Some 
say they will give and do what may be desired, others think they 
will not. 'Tis said some speak notable high in many cases, 
which 'tis like you know, but there are some, as I may think, 
considerable things not convenient to write, which, if you think lit 
to appoint the time and place where,' I shall see you, but, if I may 
offer the place, I should think that very convenient where you 
formerly were. 

Postscript. — If you will have what is hinted written, and direct a 
way how it may come to your own hands, it shall be done as well 
as I can, although some of it has many long circurastanees in it, 
and other things more fit to speak than write as I suppose. 

Whether, if it be directed to Mr. John Holford, Ta[u]n[ton] 
Dean, it may come safe to you. 

The business did not succeed. {^Ibid. Xo. 269.] 

.Vpril 24. Sir J. Williamson to Dr. Thomas Tully. Last week I informed 
whitobati. you of Dr. Neile'a death, and that we were proceetling to perfect 
your grant notwithstanding the opposition designed by some. By 
this time you will probably have heard of another change of a more 
considerable rank. It is the death of the liishop of Lincoln and the 
gi'ant of that dignity to Dr. Barlow. What 1 have now to l>(>speal; 
vou in is your gooilwill that Tim. Halton, as Senior Fellow Iiosi<leiil 
in the College, and as my friend, may succeed in the I'rovostship. I 
hope, as it is but a justice to him, so it may not be to the disprofit 
of the College, AVhat I mainly endeavour in this and all other 
incidents of this kind, is, that they may 1>g unanimous in what they 
do, and therefore 1 beg yon to join your influence in the society to 
unite them in this mind, I was not sure but that you yourself 
might have some thoughts of desiring it for yourself, which made 
me more solicitous to bespeak your friendship early in it, and what 
I do is with the privity and good liking of Mr. Provost, who has 
promised to write to you himself. He will acquaint you what we 
are further endeavouring for you on the vacancy of the Margaret 
Lecture. [S.P. Ihm., Entry Book 43, p. 85.] 

April 24. Sir J. Williamson to Dr. Yates. Requesting his and his House's 
Wbitehaii. interest in favour of Dr. Tully, upon the vacancy of the Margaret 



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CHABLER II. 7fl 

1676. 

Professor's chair by Dr. Barlow's promotion to the Bishopric of 
Lincoln. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, ji. 36.] 

April 24. Sir J. WilliamBon to Dr. Fell. I am endeavouring to secure the 
WbHahalL CoU^e for Tim. Halton, and as a little compensation to Dr. Tally, 
who might reasonably have an eye to it, I would be vetr glad to 
compass the Margaret Lecture for him. I beseech, if it may 
reasonably be, to engage you and your interest for him, and by 
your means Dr. Yates, which two Houses, I am told, will infallibly 
secure the thing to him. [Ihid. p. 87.] 

April 24. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of William, Earl 
whiteball. of Inchiquin, praying that the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland may be 
directed to cause letters patent to be passed of the castle, town and 
lands of Eillnecurra, BaUyamsarry, Strahansgh and Mulcosograu, 
in the barony of Barrymore, co. Cork. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 
p. 21.] 

April 25. Lewis Herault declares that John Guepin has said several years 
since the restoration that England had reason to be sorry for 
Cromwell, because be was a great zealot tor the laws of God ; that, 
if the English were wise, thej' should free themselves from the 
families of Stuarts, and that he hoped they should do it. Guepin 
added that the ser^'ice practised in the chapel at Whitehall 
differed a little or not at all from the Mass, in a word that it was 
the Mass copied. Herault declares besides that he heard it but this 
week, and that, if the company of elders and deacons of the French 
Church, London, had been more in number last Wednesday, he 
should then have declared it to them, and that he intimated to 
them he had something to declare. \S.P. l>om., Car. II. 869, 
No. 270.] 

April 25. Samuel Hodgkin to Williamson. To-day arrived two vessels 
Susderluii). f,.ojn Amsterdftm, who say they came out of the Texel last Friday, 
. and fell in with two Dunkirk privateers, but, the sea being high, 
they could not lay them on board, but before that they had 
plundered a small vessel of Stockton. Several light and loaden 
colliers are passing by, but the grand coal fleet is not in sight. 
[Ibiil. .V«. 271.] 

April 25. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
Dover. departures of the packet-boats and mails, {^ibiil. .Vo. 272.] 

April 26. Warrant to release on bail William Spencer, convicted of being 
accessory before [the fact] in robbing the Earl of Manchester's 
lodgings, and to insert him in the next general pardon for poor 
convicts of Newgate without the clause of transportation. Minute. 
[S.P. Dom., Ellin, Book 28,/. 134.] 

^ril 26. Commission to Rowland Morgan to be captain of a company 
wbitehatl. whereof Capt. John Howard was captain in the Holland regiment. 
Minute. [S.P. Dom-, Entry Book 44, p, 12.] 

A^ril 25. Warrant to Sir R. Holmes, Governor of the Isle of Wight, to 
whiiehfcH. ajay and detain all vessels belonging to Hamburg that now are in 



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80 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

H(75. ~ ~~ 

nr dliall hereafter come into any i>oi-t or i-oad within his govemxaent, 
till the King's further pleasure lie signified. {Home Office, Warrant 
Book 1, p. 57.] 

April 26. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 324. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, So. 1.] 

[April26.] Charge of impeachment against the Earl of Danby. (Printed in 
Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 324.) [Ibid. No- 2.J 

April 26. The Earl of Anglesey to WilliamBon. Elecommending the bearer, 
Drnry Lane, who was formerly in his service, where he behaved decently, and 
was since in Lord Arlington's office for about 12 months under Mr. 
Richards, where, the Earl is informed, he discharged himself with 
good approbation. French he has naturally, being born in Guernsey, 
and he has very well acquired Latin and English. His request 
is to be clerk under Mr. Brisbane, one of Williamson's secretaries. 
[Ibid. iVo. 3.] 

April 26. Hugh Acland to Williamson. Apologizing for not writing last 
Traro. post, having a great cold. Wind N. N.E. {Ibid. Xo. 4.] 

April 26. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Last week came in here at least 
Pendennia. 40 sail, most of them from France with wine, brandy and salt- 
On Thursday came in a Dutch caper with two small French prizes 
with red wines. On Saturday came in a vessel from Virginia with 
tobacco for Holland, but stops for advice from her owners. The 
wind has long continued E. and N.E. {Ibid. Xo. 5-] 

April 26. Thomas Holden to James Hickes. The 2Srd above 26 merchant- 
Falmouth, men from France and other places homeward-bound put to sea 
from this, but the next day, the wind coming easterly, some of the 
sternmost which put back here say that the rest put in for Plymouth. 
The 24th came in here the Looking-Olass of Flushing, a small 
Dutch caper, with two small prizes, both laden with small wines. 
The night before they came in, they met a French ship that put 
out of this and hailed her, but they having a man on board that 
spoke Enghsh he said she belonged to London, and so escaped. 
The Friends' Adventure of Dover also came in in 14 days from 
Bordeaux. About 28 sail came out with them, which, they believe, 
are put into Scilly. They say that the disorders in that city 
were very great, the i'rehideTit und several others were killed and 
some of the Parli*meiit men's houses were pulled down, and it 
had grown higher, if the Governor had not gone about the city, and 
said, as the common people said, Vive le Hoy sans Gabelle, for who- 
ever would not say so they killed. The King of France is drawing 
20,000 men against the city, who refused to let the King's forces 
come into the citadel, but they broke in by night, and so have got 
possession of it. The King, it is said, will make the ringleaders 
examples. The tax was very grievous, for they were to pay 
5 sous for every bushel of corn they baked, and so for every 
new hat and coat and other clothes they should have to wear, and 
there was a patent granted to one man that all the tobacco of the 
growth of that country should be sold for 20 sous a lb. and all that 



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should be brought in for 40. It ia suppoBed that, if Touloufle, a 
Parliament city near by, do not oppose this tax as well as Bordeaux, 
that city will receive much damage. By a vessel that came iu 
here from Rochelle, I am advised that, l>efore they came away, two 
Dutch ships loaden with Frenchmen came into Gbarleboyes Boad, 
' for the DuDch having taken all the plantations the French had in 
the East Indies gave them these two ships to bring them home. 
The B[a<-k Cock of London came in here in 5 weeks from Virginia 
with tobacco, bound home. They have had a very bad crop there 
this year, and tobacco will be very bad and scarce. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 370, -Yo. 6.] 

April 26. Thomas Holden to Williamson. Giving the same news as the 
F^l°»<rth. lB8t. [Ibid. Xo. 7.] 

April 26. Warrant to Sir John Robinson, Lieutenant of the Tower, to 

Whitehall, release Col. Francis Lovelace, hia prisoner, he giving securil^ of 

500/. to surrender when required, he having fallen dangerously ill 

of dropsy and being in great want of necessaries. [iS'.P. Dom., 

Entry Book 28,/. 180.] 

^ril 26. Commissions to Francis Williamson to be lieutenant and John 
whitflball. Richardson to he ensign to Capt. Morgan in the Holland regiment. 
Minutes. [S.P. Dom., Entri) Book 44, p. 12.1 

April 26. Commissions to David Legros to be lieutenant and Henry 
Whit«h»u. Wharton to be ensign to Capt. Huitaon in the Earl of Craven's 
regiment of Guards. Minutes. [lbid.'\ 

.\pril 27. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commonx' Jnitmale, Vol. IX,, p. 326. 
[S.I'. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xo. 8.] 

[April ?] John Draper, of Bristol, merchant, to the King. Petition stating 
that 17 Nov. last there were laden at Stockholm on the Mary of 
Malmo, belonging to the Crown of Sweden, 46 lasts of pitch and 
tar, 'iSii) rings of brass wire and 24 barrels of steel hound for Bristol, 
on the account of, and consigned to the petitioner, which ship was 
frozen up and could not go to sea till lately, and on her voyage was 
taken by a Zealand easier aud brought up by him to Terveer by 
virtue of a commission from the Duke of Brandenburg, and pray- 
ing, as the said goods are still detained and some of them have been 
already rifled, and as the petitioner laded them long ago before any 
intimation of a war between Sweden aud Brandenburg, that his 
Majesty would interpose with the States General and the Duke of 
Brandenburg for the speedy restitution of the said goods, some of 
them being very perishable. [Ihid. Xo. 9.] Annexed, 

April 'Z7. Affidai-it hif the said John Draper, echoing the statementg in the 

petition', lliid. Xo. 9l.] 

April 27. Examination of Alexandre Vieuar, minister of the Gospel, living 
at present in London, concerning Jean Guepin, taken before 
Williamson. In 1666 I was staying at Amsterdam, where during 
September, October, and November, Guepin slept in the same room 
with me. He often conversed about the affairs of England, and told 



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nOifESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



me, when we were aloue, that England had reason to regret Oliver 
Cromwell, that his government was better than the present, that 
he was a great zealot for the law of God and that he maintained the 
pure religion. As for the King, that he could not do without 
bishops or common prayers, and that he bad brought back all those 
things which displeased the English. I asked him what the 
common prayers were. He replied, if you were at Westminster or 
the King's chapel you would believe yourself among the Papists. 
It is a complete copy of the Mass, but, if the English are wise, they 
will get rid of the Stuart family, and I believe they will do so in 
time. That man then went to Hamburg, and I stayed three years 
at Amsterdam, and then returned to France and stayed there till I 
came over to London, where I met Guepin, and having told this 
scandalous conversation to Dr. Herault, he advised me and gave me 
means to make my deolaration pubUc. [French. S.P. Doiii., 
Car., JL 870, No. 10.] 

April 27- Dr. J. Fell to Williamson. It is a privilege our people take here 
to bestow all bishoprics before the King disposes of them, and they, 
having on the first news of the vacancy of Lincoln made the 
Provost the successor, went on in the same method to bestow 
his places, and on Sunday night one of the most popular 
Bachelors in Divinity that we have in town came to me, signifying 
his concern in behalf of the Master of Pembroke, and on Monday 
several others of other housee'made the same application. I told 
them ail that it was very indecent to begin a canvas before a place 
was actually void and probably a considerable time would pass 
before there would he a vacancy. Besides they should consider that 
Dr. TuUy might justly pretend to the place, and, if he did, would 
not fail' of being assisted by his friends, so that their appearing 
might be a great unkindness to Dr. Hall, who does not apj>ear as a 
candidate, nor probably would have his name brought in question, 
and besides would make a competition and disturbance in the 
University, wherefore I desired them to forbear. This was all I 
thought proper to say ; I shall speedily see how far my counsel 
is taken and give you an account when I come up. [Ibid. 
No. 11.] 

April 27. Dr. Thomas Tullie to Williamson. I am hut just returned here, 

^ r'u""*' where I had the best hienrei-enn 1 could desire, your most obliging 

" ' letter, and the news of our friend's preferment. Your commands 

in reference to the College shall have the utmost and heartiest 

observance I can pay them. I hope there will l>e no disturbance. 

Pray give my service to Dr. Halton, if with you. I hope to wait on 

you on Friday at farthest. \Ihid. A"i. 12.] 

April 27. yilas Taylor to Williamson. Last Sunday afternoon one of our 
Hanriob. packet-boats arrived, which came from the Brill the day before. 
The master says another came from thence with a mail last 
Wednesday, but we hear nothing of him and have fears for him, 
because he was in the worst of the weather. Yesterday the wind 
was southerly, and a great Heet of light colliers sailed hence. The 
Pearl and the Swedish ships under her convoy are still in the 
Boiling Grounds, the wind to-day being again in the East. 



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CHARLES II. 



April 27. 
Ptjmoath. 



April 
Whiui 



Poatacrijtt. — After sending thia to tlie poBt-house, the misBiDg 
packet-boat arrived. I sent for this ngaia to let you know the 
Wednesday mail was landed at Queenborough on Friday, and all 
in safety. By a letter he brought me, there is little, escept the 
forwardness of the French, and of a proclamation now expired 
forbidding the fishing, &c-, for Greenland, but now they are 
putting out in great abundance, besides 14 East Indiamen in 
readiness, 7 from Amsterdam, 5 from Rotterdam, and 2 from 
Zealand. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. IS.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.E. The Adienttirc 
continues at Spithead waiting for the Earl of Inchiquin. The 
Wiveiihoe fireehip is ordered here to be fitted for the Btraits. 
[Ibid. No. 14.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
The Dutch caper put ashore to-day here all bis Frenchmen without 
the approbation of the Deputy Qovernor of the Royal Citadel and 
without giving them any money for their subsistence here before 
they eould get passage for France, or for travelling to get passage 
elsewhere. 

Pogtseript. — The Deputy Governor made the captain of the caper 
take on board again all the Frenchmen he put ashore, llbid. 
No. 16.] EneUtted, 

T)ie said list. [Ibid. No. 16i.] 

Reference of the petition of Sir William Petty and Robert 
Marshall about the quit-rents of Kerry to the Lord Treasurer, to 
consider thereof and of the several reports from the Chief Governors 
and Privy Council of Ireland, and petitions transmitted from them 
concerning this matter and what has been done already thereon, and 
what the petitioners have further to allege, and to make his report on 
the whole with his opinion, and particularly on the within-mentioned 
petition of 4 July, 1678, and what expedient may be used concerning 
the seizure complained of. [S.!'. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 21.] 

Grant to Anne, Countess Marischal, for her life of several lodgings 
built upon the wail of St. James' Park nest the Horse Guards, 
which at her own charges she has fitted and beautified. With 
memorandum that this was the renewal of a warrant granted in 
Lord Arlington's time. [Ilome Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 68.] 

Warrant for a grant to Charles, son of Sir Charles Cottrell, master 
of the ceremonies, of the office of master of the ceremonies for his 
life in reversion after his oaid father, with the fee of 200Z. per annum, 
and for a grant of the expenses he shall incur in journeys with 
ambassadors and the like, with a proviso for cessor of the former 
grant to him of the office of Assistant to the Master of the Ceremonies 
on his succeeding to the said office. [3 pages. Precedents 1, 
/• 61.1 

Thomas Barrowea to Williamson. Shipping news. [S.P. Ireland, 
Car, U. 336, Xo. 167.] 



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84 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS, 



April 
whit. 



1675. 
April 28. Journal of the proceedings in the House o( Commons that day, 
which fully appear from ComrrMm' Journala, Vol. IX,, p. 926. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 370, No. 16.] 

April 28. Johu Keiuling to Williameon. Concerning the arrivals and 

D'ytei. departures of packet-boats and mails. Last night a yacht went for 

Dieppe canjing over Sir John Arundel. [Ibid- No. 17.] 

April 28. Caveat that nothing pass concerning the grant of a prebend of 
Worcester till notice be given to Lord Windsor. {S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 45, p. 9.] 

April 28. Warrant for a grant to Arthur Ross, late parson of Glasgow, 
Whitshaii. of t^Q Tjiehopric of Argyle with all the benefices, lands, lordships, 
&c., thereto belonging. [Docqtiet. S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 8, 
p. 230.] 

^ril 28. Warrant for a mandate to Alexander, Archbishop of Glasgow, to 
Whitehall, consecrate and instal Arthur, now Bishop of Argyle. [Ibid. p. 232.] 

Warrant for the presentation of William Annand, a minister of 
Edinburgh, to the Deanery of Edinburgh. [Docquet. SJ'. Scotland, 
Warrant Book 3, p. 238.] 

Warrant for a gift to John Yeatch, younger, of Dawick, of the 
escheat of the goods of Sir Michael Nasmyth of Posso, and likewise 
of the escheat of the life-rent of the same. [Docquet. Ibid.'\ 

Memorials of protection in the ordinary form to Lord Banff for 
three years and to Archibald Campbell of Fearsie for two years. 
llbid. p. 234.] 

Bequest by the Duke of Monmouth for an exchange to be made 
between Mr. Mauleverer, ensign to Capt. Godfrey's company, and 
Mr. Wheeler, ensign to Prince Rupert's company at Windsor, and 
that they may have commissions accordingly. [S.P. Dom.. 
Car. II. 370, No. 18.] 

Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lurdx' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 670, and CommoiiH 
Joumah, Vol. IX., p. 326. [Ibul. No. 19.] 

Dr. Thomas Yates to Williamson. Yours of the 24th came when 
I was abroad, else you had had a more speedy account. I shall 
with all cheerfulness and faithfuhiess obey your commands, and, 
though as yet neither Dr. Tully nor any other appear for the 
Margaret Professor's place, yet I have recommended it to divers of 
ours, and hope they will not forget that great honour and kindness 
you did to this place in sheltering it from the attempts lately made 
on their freedom in elections, but render you all returns in their 
power. [Ibid. No. 20.] 

Thomas Musgrave to Williamson. I can neither sufficiently 
admire your goodness nor express my obligations to you. In retain- 
ing or resigning my jirebend at Carlisle, I shall be wholly guided 



[Before 
April 29.] 



April S 



April 29. 

BruenoM 
College. 



April 29. 
Edaall 

(EdM Bull). 



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CHARLES 11. 



April 29. 

Haririah. 



by yonr inetracfcions. I should not bare preBumed to have imposed 
this trouble on you, but that your great kindness, especially in 
effecting my promotion to Durham, commands me to acknowledge 
it. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 21.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. By one of our packet-boats which 
arrived this morning with Lord Clare in her, we are told that the 
Duke of Brandenburg is at the Hague, whither resort great numbers 
of people from all parts of the United Provinces, Yesterday 
was very stormy ; the wind continues easterly and blows very freeh. 
I have since waited on Lord Clare, who speaks of a small retinue 
the Duke of Brandenburg has with him at the Hague. [Ibid. 
No. 22.] 

April 29. Hugh Saiesbury to Williamson. Wind N.E. The Adventure, 
Portamonth. Sir R. Rooth commander, is at Spithead waiting for the Earl of 
Inchiquin. [Ibid. No. 23.] 

April 29. Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 27th several vessels bound 
Falmouth, eastward put to sea, but the wind came out that night at S.E. and 
blew a great storm, so that, unless they got into Plymouth or else- 
where, they may he in some danger. The small Dutch caper I wrote 
about last post put to sea, and came in again yesterday in the storm. 
She has left the prizes in a merchant's hands here. The 26th 
came in here the Mar;/ of London in six weeks from the James 
River in Virginia. They report that all sorts of provisions are very 
dear there, and tobacco very scarce. They were in much distress 
for victuals when they came into port. They speak of four vessels 
cast away there in a storm or hurricane, and that there are several 
vessels in the Channel, so, if this wind holds at East, we shall have 
many of them here. Some are come in already from France. 
[Ibid. No. 24.] 

April 29. Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the same news as the 
Pahnooth. iftgt. iibid. No. 26.] 

April 29. Warrant to Sir Edward Griffin to pay lOOi. to Andrew Cokaine, 
whitahaU. yeoman rider to the King, for charges in physicking the King's 
horses at Newmarket. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 26,/. 194.] 

April 29. Commission to James Wheeler to be ensign of Captaui Godfrey's 
company of foot in the regiment of Guards under Colonel Russell. 
Minute. {S.P. Dom., Entry Book 29, p. 129.] 

April 29. Sir J. Williamson to Sir Thomas Flayer. Recommendmg the 
miteball. bearer, Jaques Caron, with particulars about him as in his former 
letter calendared ante, p. 72. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 38.] 

April 29. The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. Ob the submission 
wbitohkU. Bgnt na by yon of most of the subscrivers of that strange address 
and the other submiasion we transmitted to you, by our letter of the 
1st instant we authorized you to continue the process against them 
till the first Council day in June, and now, being informed that 
those named in the last submission who were not here have also 
submitted, we authorize you todischarge the said process immediately, 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



that all the subscrivers of the said address may be in the same con- 
dition as when they signed and presented it, and it in still our - 
pleasure that the restraint trom coming to Edinburgh be taken off 
both as to the subscrivers and the others mentioned in our said 
letter, and that the same favour be allowed to Jamea Hunter and 
the others mentioned in your letter of the 8th. [S.P. firotland, 
Warrant Book 3, p. 234.] 

April 30. Establishment of an allowance of 500^ a year to the Governor of 
Wbitehttii. the Isle of Wight for his pay and entertainment to begin 26 March last, 
when the former allowance expired. Sign Manual. Countersigned, 
"Danby; J. Williamson." [S.P. Dom., Car. IL 370, A'o. 26.] 

April 30. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day, which 
fully appear trom Lords' Joumah, Vnl. XII., p. 673. [^Two copies. 
Ibid. Nos. 27, 28.] 

April 80. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 327. 
[ifciJ. So. 29.] 

April 90. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Pljmonth. [/tirf. .vo. 30.1 Enclosed, 

The said list. {lUd. No. 30 1-] 

[April 80,] Abstract of the bill for explanation of an Act to prevent dangers 
from Popish Recusants (the Test Act), as amended in Committee, 
which is printed in The Xinth Report of the Historical MSS. Com- 
mission, Part II., p. 50. [Ibid. No. 31.] 

[April 30.] Reasons against the Act for erecting a Court of Conscience [bX 
Westminster] t that it takes away trial by Jury ; destroys the inferior 
courts as Courts Baron &c. ; compels persons of quality to submit 
for small debts to a company of shopkeepers ; the King's servants 
are put under its jurisdiction without hberty to sue in the Court of 
the Household; it will be impossible to recover debts from the 
persons appointed Commissioners during their tenure of office, nor 
will they be able to recover debts due to them. Unlearned men 
cannot be supposed to be competent to decide the legal questions 
that may arise, and there may he equal difficulty in a cause of 40«, 
as in one of 40/. ; but there is no appeal. Allowing the parties to 
give evidence themselves will cause frequent perjuries, &c. {See 
Commons' Journals, Vol IX., p. 327.) [Ibiii. No. 32.] 

April 30. Secretary Coventry to Mr. Percival, Deputy Governor of Deal 
wbitehoU. Castle. Is displeased at his attempts to abuse him by his complaints 
of Hancock, who, he pretended, had enclosed a piece of ground to 
the prejudice of Deal Castle, whereon an order in Council was 
made, though he knew that Sir John Berry, the Governor, had 
given the poor man leave to do what he did. He advises him to let 
Hancock remain without molestation, till he hear what the King 
and Council further order. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 14, p. 137.] 

April 30. Commission to Francis Mauleverer to be ensign of the company 
of foot nnder Prince Rupert in Windsor Castle. Minute. [S.P. 
Dom., Entry Book 29, p. 129.] 



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GHABLES II. 



1676. 

April 80. 



Commission to Christopher Baunistre to be marsbttl m ihe 
Horse Guards regiment and troops of horse that shall be in Uie 
King's pay and entertainment in the i"oom of Richard Ltewellin. 
Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry Bwk 44, p. 18.] 

April 80. Grant of the office of Master of the King's Hawks to the Earl of 
Whitehall. Rochester and 'William Chiffineh during life, on the surrender of 

Sir Allen Apsley and Sir Peter Apsley. Minute. {Hnme Offixe, 

Warrant Book 1, p. 56.] 

April. [Walter, Lord Aston] to Williamson, My most humble thanks 

for your letter of the IStli. I shall not fail to give you a speedy 
account of anything worthy of your knowledge. You have so many 
worthy persons of our country sitting n-ith you, and my near 
neighbour, .Walter Chetwynd, now newly elected for Stafford, so 
faithful a subject, and so gallant, knowing and obliging a person, 
that you cannot but be most perfectly informed of all thmgs of this 
country. The now general discourse in all companies here is upon 
a letter that is conceived writ from the Earl of Shaftesbury to the 
Earl of Carhsle. Every part is much descanned upon, but most 
conclude that the Parliament will be speedily dissolved and a new 
one called, and to that end some, who believe that the Papists in 
this country have a great interest in many of the electors, are 
endeavouring to persuade that it is not the Protestant party, but 
the Episcopal Prelatical party which have now a great influence in 
the present House of Commons, whicli at this time is the cause of 
puttuig the penal KtatiiteM rigorously in execution against them, but 
on a new election iHjrBons would be certainly chosen of a disposition, 
if not for a full toleration, yet at least so qualihed that they would 
have no just cause to complain. Others have lately conceived that 
in regard this country, where his Majesty was preserved (and that 
Whitgrave and the Pendrells who were so eminent loyal in his 
preservation are now prosecuted for being Papists) is more severely 
prosecuted than any other in this circuit, [they] should [unite] in 
a petition to the House of Commons not only of themselves, but 
joined with all the Papists of England. Where I meet with this 
discourse I cry it down all I can, for I would have no grace or 
mercy expected from any but his Majesty. You will pardon me 
for daring to send my judgment, which is this. If Parliaments be of 
absolute necessity for the good of this nation, the less while they 
continue, surely the securer, but it is evident that, if this be dis- 
solved, that the Presbyterian interest and the Fanatics will carry it 
in most countries. You have advised me so well in your last which 
I will endeavour to follow, and I am now confident that in what 
upon any exigency I shall be driven to, 1 shall find you my friend 
in what is reasonable and just. If you command me anything, 
either my cousin Jeffes will send it me, or if it be put into 
[Stafford] bag it comes safe to me, I living within two miles of the 
town. [Signature torn off, and day of month and name$ of places 
erated. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 870, No. 88.] 

[April ?] Henry Oldenburg to the Kinp;. Petition for a patent for 14 years 
for making and disposing of watches as invented by Mous. Christian 



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DOMF.HTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Hujgens, useful to find the longitudes both by sea and land, which 
invention has been traneferred b; Huygens to the petitioner for hie 
Majesty's dominions. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xo. 34.] 

April. Warrant for a patent to Oldenburg as prayed in the above 

WhitohaU, petition. [Draft. IbUl. No. 85.] 

April. Warrant tor a grant to William Bridgeman of an annuity of 400/. 

Whitehall, per annum to continue for 7 years. [Dra/l. Ibid. Xo. Sfil] 

[April ?J Reasons proposed to Parliament for making a free trade tor 
tanned leather in the Bill now committed (21 April) for continuance 
of the Act for transporting leather. 

The reason of the law that hindered a free trade was to prevent 
transportation, which now being made lawful, the law itself should 
no longer be a restraint on trade. Transportation, which since the 
late Act has been found very beneficiaJ, cannot be so effectually 
encouraged as it ought unless the transporter may sell at home 
what be finds unfit tor transportation, or what by any sudden 
emergency may become unsafe to venture at sea. By a free trade 
the price at remote fairs and markets will be generally advanced, 
so as to bear proportion with Leadenhall market, and Leadenhall 
will be kept to equal and indifi'erent rates and the leather trade be 
balanced throughout the realm. By keeping a restraint on buying 
and selling leather, the tanners about London will monopolize the 
whole trade therein, and it has been the prudence of all Parliaments 
to prevent monopolies as destructive to trade. 

A retailer of leather, as well as one of cloth and other commodities 
is necessary, especially for supplying the poorer traders and artificers, 
by furnishing them with leather curried and dressed and proper 
for their use, who otherwise could not provide for supplies to last till 
the return of the market, and the week's time that must be spent 
in currying after the market day before it be fit for use, nor can their 
stock hold out for providing by wholesale the variety of colours leather 
is now put into, and must be had to suit Lheir customers and main- 
tain their trade. All the mischiefs and inconveniencies that can be 
opposed to the free trade of leather are sufBciently provided against 
by the searching and sealing of leather already provided for by 
law in all markets and corporations. fPrtnted paper. Ibid. 
No. 37.] 

"The Voice of the Nation or an humble Address to the High and 
Honourable Court of ParUament for their just severity to repress 
the growing boldness of Atheism and prophaneness in the land." 
Thanking them tor their core firmly to estabUsh the Protestant 
religion m England and to strengthen the English monarchy 
against the pretended title and unwearied attempts of the Papal 
tyranny. A greater danger calls on them to stop the growing disease 
of domineering atheism and both actual and doctrinal blasphemy. 
Wliile they take core men may continue Protestants, it is asked 
openly, if they must be Christians. The grounds of Christianity 
are boldh battered witli uiireauonable reasons and the highest 



[April ?] 
Ijtnidon. 



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CHARLES II. 



acori). In effect it is the ol<t PopiBh plot, for, when the 
principles of Popery wil) not take, the emissEineB of Rome into 
England instil those of Atheism, aw, the zeal of religion being taken 
away, tbey may then work their politic interest. (Quotations from 
Dr. Wilkins, the late Bishop of Chester, in favour of punishing 
Atheism severely.) Several excellent books and powerful pithy 
sermons have been written against Atheism, but they have hitherto 
ODly made Atheists more proud and insulting. Since tbey are 
not to be confuted but by authority, that confutation is craved of 
Parliament, which their wisdom shall think most fit. Printed for 
Henry Brume. 

With MS. notes that it is impossible this transgression should be 
healed, whilst the public theatres are suffered to be the schools of 
blasphemy, debauchery and buffoonery, to disparage serious religion, 
all solid virtues, lawful marriage, sobriety and true-heartedness to 
our country. 

On the back is an anonymous letter. — Here you may behold what 
a seasonable opportunity of vindicating the glory of God's name 
was put into the hands of the band of pen [sioners] , but some 
were busy selling God, their souls and their country for private and 
filthy lucre. The names of those manifestly guilty should be 
publicly recorded, and also those who voted the confiscation of the 
whole kingdom, and that cottagers, who have no voice in 
elections, should pay 2s. yearly for a stone not worth M., when the 
chimney villains call it a hearth. Some of these watch when the 
poor cottagers ai'e absent, and then carry away their bedding and 
pots for their own lucre. Those also should be named who made 
the horrible decrees against Quakers and countenanced the country 
Justices to superadd such un-heardof cruelties to those horrible 
statutes as may be seen in Will. Penn's Cry for Jwitice, and in his 
Continued Cry. In his England's True Interest you may see the 
Great Charter has been furiously violated. Tis possible the 
R[ight] R[everend] Predates] countenanced those statutes 
according to their usual zeal, but Penn proves clearly that neither 
King nor Parliament nor magistrate nor minister have a divine 
right to determine what is heresy or what is schism. J. Milton has 
said more for it in two elegant sheets of true religion, heresy and 
schism than all the pr [elates] can refute in 7 years, and you may 
tell them ' 'Ex ore tuo te condemnc^o by referring them to Dr. Jeremy 
Taylor's Liberty of J'ropheeying." 

The rooting out of Papacy is too hard a task without God's 
extraordinary assistance. I think I can say more than any one living 
how Papacy has been fostered in England, Scotland and Ireland, 
ever since Queen Elizabeth's decease, and before it by King James by 
his contracts with the Pope, Spain and the Grand Duke ol Tuscany 
to assist him to the Crown when Queen Elizabeth refused to declare 
him heir, and he made good his promise, e.g. by bis dissolution of 
parliament in 1621 and his justification of it, where you may see what 
he meant by his imperial crown and prerogative. There you have 
enough JU8 divinum in all conscience, and you may see more to the 
same effect in The Kinp'a Cabinet Opened, paper 8, p. 7, the true 
copy testified by our ladies' grandfather, E. P. Esq. Much I could 



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90 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. ~ " — — 

add, but I must not approach too near those heels, which may kick 
out my teeth. Now is the critical time. Either we shall by Grod's 
asEistance subdue the Papacy or that, will ruin ua. They have 
hundreds of thousands of priests and Jesuits to assault us boldly 
from head to foot. You do well in publishing your votes and 
resolves, that such as resent may send in their objections before 
they pass into laws. I pray God to prosper you in all those great 
affairs to which you are called by God and this kingdom. [5.P. 
Don>., Car. II. 370, No. 38.] 

[April?] Major Henry Staniers to the King. Petition, stating that the 
petitioner has been dismissed after three years' faithful service in 
the Duke of Monmouth's foot regiment at M. de Louvois' desire for 
demanding the rights and conditions of the said regiment and 
praying for payment of the three years' arrears of an allowance 
granted for his former services and for some consideration for the 
loss of his employment. [J&iW. No. 89.] 

[April?] Bonnybanke Ghyles to Williamson. Being reduced to indigence 
by the losses his friends sustained by their loyalty to his late 
Majesty, begging a gi-ant of all such arrears of tenths of the clergy 
as are now in arrear or shall be returned in arrear in May, 1675, by 
the respective bishops, who by Act of Parliament are collectors of 
those tenths which are payable yearly at Christmas, and who the 
following May return into the Exchequer the non-solventB in their 
respective dioceses, on which returns process has been from time to 
time issued to le^r the same, most of them that are of worth 
having been levied, and the rest being of small value. [Ibid, 
No. 40.] 

I April ?] Address by the Quakers to the King and Parliament, who are now 
sitting. Showing that the Act for swearing allegiance and denying 
the Pope's supremacy was made against Popish Recusants, and 
those who are swearers and could swear in other cases, neither • 
of which they are ; quoting texts against taking oaths, which 
is the only cause they dare not take an oath in any case, although 
they thus suffer imprisonment, some for 10, some for 12 years, some 
even dying in prison, so that any who bear them malice can cast 
them into prison merely by tendering the oath ; pleading their 
inoffensive and honest behaviour for almost 15 years, and urging 
that no penalty should be inflicted for religion and conscience, 
adding that something further is intended to be presented to them. 
Signed on behalf of the said people by James Park, John Grove 
and EIHb Hooker. [Printed. Ibid. No. 41.] 

I April ?] Request of Sir Andrew Dick to the House of Commons, in con- 
sideration of his deplorable condition, to appoint a committee to 
state his just debt. His late father, Sir William Dick, lent large 
sums, amounting to 37,OO0i. towards the levy of an army in Scotland 
for Ireland, and towards sea service against Ireland on public 
security, but received only 5,600/. back, and a weekly allowance of 
51; which was stopped on the restoration ; and 2,0001. allotted him 



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CHARLES II, 91 

1675. 

in iieu thereof from excise arrears by the Parliament of 1660 was 
taken up by the King, so that the family and many hundreds of 
widows and orphans with wliose estates Ihh late father was entruBted 
are in great distress. [PrmU-d. ,S./*. Doiii., Car. 11. S70, AVj. 42.] 

[April?] An Act for the better and more speedy conviction of Iloman 
CatholicB and the levying the forfeitures incurred thereon. Any 
person born a subject who shall officiate as a Popish priest in 
England, or Bhall have done so abroad, unless reconciled after bis 
return to the Church of England, shall suffer as in cases of high 

treason. The Constables and Churchwarden b after the day of 

, 1675, twice a year shall make presentment of all persons 

aged 16 and upwards residing in their parishes or having estat-es 
there, suspected to lie Popish Recusants who have forebome to come 
to ehurch for a montli before such presentment, or have said Mass 
or willingly heard Mass, such presentment to be delivered to 
the Grand Jury at the next Quarter Sessions, which shall be 
sufdcient evidence for indicting such Kecusantf for his absence 
from church or saying or hearing Mass. After indictment 
proclamation shall be made for the persons indicted to appear 
at the next Quarter Sessions, and, if they do not ap|^>ear, or if 
they refuse to subscribe the declaration in the Act, on such 
default the defaulter shall be deemed a Popish Recusant convict, 
and be proceeded against accordingly. The forfeitures from 
Popish Recusants are to be applied in the purchase of rectories, 
impropriations, tithes or other real estate for the augmentation of 
poor vicarages and other cures in the county where the forfeiture 
shall be levied, regard being had in the first place to such poor 
vicars, who, or their parishioners, shall be instrumental in 
convicting Popish Recusants and discovering their estates. Every 
Popish Recusant indicted or convicted who shall render himself at 
the nest Quarter Sessions or before his estate shall be seized, and 
take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy and subscribe the 
declaration, shall be free from all penalties in this Act or in any other 
on account of recusancy. Noted, as brought in during the session 
begun 13 Feb. (sic), l(»74-5. (S<r Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., 
p. 320.) {Ibid. Xo. 43.] 

[April ?] [The Duke of Monmouth] to [Sir W, Lockhart.] I was very 
much concerned at the news of your indisposition, and therefore 
no less pleased with the hopes we have of your recovery- The 
King has commanded me to write to you to press the Italian 
playerB to hasten their journey, and for their better undertaking it 
Bir Stephen Fox will remit you by this post iOOl. and a yacht shall 
be ready at their time in any convenient port they desire to embark 
at. On their arrival here a place will be aseigned them. [S.P. 
Doin., Entry Book 41, p. 80.] 

[April?] Articles to be observed by the Duke of Monmouth's regiment of 
foot. 

1. That none blaspheme the Name of God, swear, or be drank, 
upon pain of being punished according to the Articles of War. 



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12 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. — _ 

2. That no officer or Boldter shall quit his poet on the march, nor 
go out of the camp or other quarter above a mile, nor absent him- 
self from his guard night or day, the oflBeer on pain of cashiering, 
and the soldier of arbitrary punishment. 

3. That no officer give his soldier more or less pay than ie 
ordered, or omit giving it at the times appointed. 

4- That any sergeant that gives disrespective words to his 
superior ofScer, or any inferior officer or private to his sergeant or 
corporal be punished according to the Articles of "War, 

5. That all sentinels quitting their post or found sleeping on it 
be punished with death. 

6. That no soldier wrong his landlord or other inhabitant in 
quarters on march, on pain of being punished according to his 
crime. 

7. That no soldier stir off his guard nor out of his rank on a 
march without his commander's leave, on pain of death. 

8. That all officers that promote any quarrel or give opprobrious 
words or strike shall be cashiered. 

9. That all officers be present in the head of their companies 
at all drawings out and coming into quarters, and that they 
retire not till they have seen their arms set up in their proper 
places. 

10. That no soldier shall sell or buy arms or clothes delivered 
to him by his officer on pain of death. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, 
p. 8-2.] 

[April ?] Instructions from the Duke of Monmouth for Col. Scott, colonel- 
lieutenant of the Royal English regiment. 

1. You are to repair with all speed to the regiment to take care 
of it, and see that it march into the field as befits the service. 

2. You are to place the officers I have appointed in the place of 
those dead or rt^moved, according to the certificates I have given 
them for such vacancies. 

S. You may fill up whatever vacancies shall happen among the 
subalterns after your arrival, provided I approve of them, but no 
one is to be confirmed till he has received my approbation under 
my hand and seal. But in case any captain's place shall be 
void, I reserve to myself the power to nominate and appoint a 
successor. 

4. The companies of Col. Churchill's regiment that shall be 
incorporated into my regiment are to have the youngest place, except 
Lieut^Colonel Howard's which is to march next after your own, and 
they are to take place among themselves according to the seniority 
they had in their own regiment, and yon are todispose of the supernu- 
meraries remaining above the said companies amongst my regiment 
as you think fit. 

5. If any dispute arise between any of the subalterns concerning 
their right to command, as that a younger officer of an elder 
company sliould pretend to command an elder officer of a younger 
company, I hereby authorize vou to terminate all such disputes 
by an exchange, \lbid. ;/. 38.1 



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CHARLES II. 99 

1675. 

April. Lists sent b^ James Neale to Willinmson of King's and 

'™- merchant ships in the Downs, the wind, &c. 



[May ?] 



MsTl. 

StMtton, 



Vol. 370. 
No. 


D.t«. 
April 1 


2 


Outward 

BODDd. 


Inward 
BouDd. 


Wind. 


Bamarlu. 


44 


36 





s.w. 




45 
40 
47 


., 2 
„ 3 

.. 4 


2 
2 
2 


33 
•2 
3 






s.w. 

N.E. 
N.E. 


(The whole fleet 
t sailed to-day. 


48 


„ 6 


1 


a 





N.E. 




49 


., 7 





1 





N.E. 




50 


„ 8 











N.E. 




51 


„ 10 








3 


S.W. 




52 


„ 11 





3 


1 


W. 




53 


„ 12 










X.E. 




54 


„ 13 










N.E. 




55 


„ 14 










N.E. 




56 


„ 15 










E. 




57 


„ 16 










E. 




5» 


„ 18 


1 








N.E. 




59 


„ 19 




1 





N.E. 




60 


„ 20 










N.E. 




61 


., 21 










N.E. 




62 


,. 22 




4 





S.W. 




68 


„ 23 










N.E. 




64 


., 24 










E. 




65 


„ 25 










N.E. 




66 


„ 27 










E. 




67 


„ 23 




3 





S.E. 




6B 


,. 29 




2 





N.E. 





Chiu-len du Bousseiin, Knight of the Holy Empire, to the King. 
Petition, stating that one ean fabricate coaches i\ith two wheels, 
drawn by one horse laden with four persons ot an extraordinary 
lightness, which cannot overturn, though the horse falls down, and 
that some may be made with one wheel, which will pass where a 
horse can, and turn with so great a swiftness thai a body being in 
shall shoot a pistol as well aB if he was on horseback, and that an 
invention may be given to facilitate the moving of all sorts of 
wheels, and l>esideB a great many things ean be given which will 
lie of no less service than ornament, and offering to come over to 
England to show bis Majesty the experience of it, if he shall be 
granted a patent for his said inventions. At the side, 

Reference thereof to the Attorney-General, On the back, 

HitrepoH in farour of granting a patent aa prai/ed. 7 June. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, A'o. «9.] 

Richard Potts to Williamson. Last Wednesday a pink of 
Bridlington, laden with rye from the East, ran ashore coming into 
the Tees. She was overset and all the com was wet and damaged, 
but the master and all his company were saved in their boat, and 
they are in hopes of saving the vessel. The wind continues 
northerly. [Jbid. Ao. 70.] 



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T>OArP,STTO STATE PAPEPS. 



May 1- Silas Taylor to Williamson. No news since my last. Yeaterday 

^'^i"''' and to-day have proved calmer than of late. We have many ships 

here. Wind N.N.W. [.S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xo. 71.] 

May 1. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 

*'"''*'■ departures of the mails and packet-boats. [Ihiil. .Vo. 72-] 



May 1. 
Wejniooth. 



Mayl. 



Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. Last Wednesday a small 
vessel of our town left Cherbourg and arrived here nest day. The 
French there talk as it they feai'ed a war with iis, grounded, I 
suppose, on the Parliament's late address for recalling our soldiers 
out of the French service. Yeslerday oame into our road a 
Yarmouth vessel, which left Charente some weeks since. Some of 
her company say that 20 men-of-war were fitting out there, 
supposed for the Straits. They met off Brest three French 
men-of-war cruising. [Ibid. Xo. 73.] 

Anthony Tborold to Williamson. Yesterday arrived here the 
Elizabeth and Little Mary from St. Maio, by contrary winds above 
a week in their passage, most of it at Guernsey. The masters say 
that island is well, and that the occasion of the rising of the people 
at Nantes, Kennes, St. Malo, and rannv other places in Brittany 
was the great duty on and monopolizing of tobacco and other 
commodities, t-obaeco from 9 or 10 snh to SO per lb. These duties 
are at present dispensed with for quieting the people. They con- 
tinue to raise what forces they can in that country, and some new 
levies are still going for the campaign. These continued N.E. winds 
keep back several of our ships we expect from several other French 
ports, libid. So. 74.] 

The Bristol Narrative, or a Just Account of the imprisonment 
and death of John Thompson, a conventicling preacher there, given 
on oath that day by Thomas Hobson, keeper of the gaol of Newgate 
there. 10 Feb., 1674 [-5] , Mr, Thompson on the Act for restraining 
of NoneonforuiialH from coming into cities and corix>rations was 
committed to prison for 6 months. The day after his commitment 
the keeper offered him iiberty to walk on the leads and take the air, 
which he willingly embraced, and he walked there afterwards as 
often as be pleased, not being denied the society of any that 
came to visit him, 13ut within three days after his commitment 
he was sick in his stomach, and took a vomit, and the afternoon of 
the day he took it he complained that he was very sick and had a 
great pain in his hea<i, which distemper continued and increased 
violently till his death, on 5 March. 

The first four days of his commitment he ha<l the privatest 
chamber in the house, being no part of the common prison, but of 
the apartments of the keeper and bis family, and l>eing the best 
room then void, and had bis wife's company till the 15th, when 
Mr. Hardcastle and Mr. Weeks were committed for the same 
offence ; when they and Mr. Thompson requested the keeper to 
spare them the largest, fairest and most pleasant chamber in ttie 
prison, which was accordingly done, and they continued there, till, 
Mr. Thompson's sickness increasing, the others de8ire<l to have 
another chamber. On Mr. Thompson's death an inquest was held 



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CHARLES II. ilB 

1675. 

by one of the coroners. During all his impriBonmeDt he was 
accotnmodated with alt sorts of the best provisions and wines, and 
was attended by three physicians, all of whom agreed he died of a 
violent malignant fever, and he was decently interred in Christian 
burial. Mr. Andrew Gifford was committed about ten days after 
Wr. Thompson for the same oflfence. 

Whereas it is reported that these gentlemen were put into a 
dungeon and denied necessary pro\'i8ionH, and constrained to suck 
liquor through a tobacco pipe, and that this and such like barbarous 
usage was through the IJishop of Bristol's order, the keeper utterly 
denies that any such usage ever was, nor was there any order from 
his lordship or any other for that purpose, . but on the contrary 
the impiisonment of Mr. Thompson was, and that of the other 
three is, managed with so much Christian tenderness that they 
were admitted to partake of all the kindnesses their friends heaped 
upon them, which consisted in daily entertaining them with all 
sorts of the best provisions and wines. 

With affidavit of the truth of the narrative, and with a preface that 
the Bishop of Bristol had permitted it to be publishe<l to undeceive 
those who have abused by the notoriously false reports concerning 
Thompson's imprisonment and de^th. For, whereas it has been 
commonly affirmed that be was hy the Bishop's procuring thrown 
into a filthy dungeon, where the stench of the place and of a jakes 
near it, with the want of meat and drink and other necessaries had 
partly poisoned, partly starved him to death, and that his friends 
were forbidden to minister to him what he needed, the contrary is 
most true, he having the fairest lodgings in prison, being never 
unaccompanied by visitors, and scarcely having intermission from 
eating and drinking, till he had by a surfeit, whereof he died, made 
himself incapable of those pleasures to which he had been 
accustomed. London. Printed by William Godbid, Licensed by 
Thomas Torakvns, 1 June, Lamlieth. [S.I', hum.. Car. II. 
('a»ri:] 

ilay [I ?3 Hir William Wentworths ease relating to the election at Thirsk, 
18 Feb., 1672[-»]. He had 30 votes and Mr. Wharton but 15. 
The bailiff declared Sir William chosen, and adjourned the Court. 
Mr. Wharton's 15 electors then Nvent to an alehouse and signed an 
indenture with five others incapable of voting. Mr. Wharton, 
without undue practices, could not have had above two voten. Mr. 
Wharton alleges that 5 of Sir William's electors were proved at the 
election to be cottages, and seven more were found not to have 
votes, but at the election none were challenged to be cottages, nor 
was exception taken to any but three, all of whom had their votes 
allowed at four former elections. Tuesday the 4th is the day of 
hearing. (See Commons' Journals, ]'()!. IX., p. 262.) [S.P. Vom., 
Car. II. 370, No. 76.] 

May 1. Commission to Augustine Sheldon to be cornet to the Duke of 

Monmouth. Minute. [■S./-*. Dom., Kntn/ Book 41, p. 36.] 

May 2. Sir Leoline Jenkins to Williamson. On behalf of the bearer, 

Mr, Morgan, a kinsman to the member of that name, and a great 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPKES. 



May 2. 

Portamouth. 



May 2. 

Pljmoatb. 



safferei' for the King, requesting a line to Dr. Busby that his child 
may be chosen into a King's scholar's place at WestminBter School. 
[S.P. Dovi., Car. II. 370, No. 7t5.] 

Bichard Watts to Williamson. We suppose the wind is turning, 
and will bring the ships down from Gravesend, I desire to know 
in what ships or bound to what places in the Straits (if none to 
Algiers or Tripoli) I shall send your packets for the consuls at 
those places. After a long and great drought the earth has been 
refreshed with comfortable showers, llbid. Xo. 77-] 

Hugh Salesbury to AVilliamson. Wind N.E. Yesterday the Earl 
of Inchiquin sailed with the Adrenttin;. The wind has been favour- 
able ever since, so he may expect a good passage. [^Ibid. No. 76.] 

William Hurt to Williamson. This week the easterly wind has 
brought over here several vessels from Morlaix and in one of them 
bound for Southampton is come M. de Carwar (Keroualle), father of 
the Duchess of Portsmouth and Countess of Pembroke, to visit his 
daughters, intending first for Wilton House, as I am informed, but 
whether he will go hence by land or stay for a fair wind I think he 
is not yet resolved. [ZW</. No. 79.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. I have no list of ships, it being 
Sabbath. [/6id. A'o. 80.] 



May. T. B. to . I gave you a little account of something 

M 2 "^ 2. concerning your business not long since, which I hope you received, 
though I have no answer. What occurs this term more about it of 
any consequence you shall be sure to have, but as yet I have little 
of any great concern except many high contests amongst several 
parties concerned, and it proceeds as yet no further than 
words, of which also you may know. As to news, here are 
strange discourses about many persons and things as about 
atest itwasco[n]trived 

2 t 8 B t, and where 4tw2Bc5 tr463d and by whom and 
what is like to be the issues of it. Some talk much of new- 
lampoons 

1 2 9 p 5 5 8 B. If any of them come to my hand, as I am pro- 
mised some, I may send them to you. Some murmur much, 
others doubt, but others hope well in the main, that all will 
be indifferent well, considering the present state of the world. 
Alderman Love a Pari [lament] man 
21d3r928L56 8, 2P2rl 92 8, tells a friend 

Court party 
that 'tie probable they will in the end do what the C56rt p2rt0 
desires, but here is much doubting amongst our dissenting friends 

Liberty 
what will be done about L 4 b 3 r t ^ when that comes in question. 
I hope to see you the first opportunity I can, and, if in anything 
you will farther instruct me wherein I may do you any service 
this term, you shall find me your diligent and faithful friend. 



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Mr 
Postaeript. — If I may direct anything as you advised to 9 r 
John Holford of Tanten Deane 
4578 751f5rd 5f T28t38 d 328 e, and it may come 
very well to your hand, let me know, or, if you would speak with me, 
let me know when and where, or if you have any very real friend by 
whom I may send to you. Some friends tell me that person, with 
whom some friends should have met about some coQcems as you 
troble MrSecritary 

know, has been in t r 5 b I 8 of late by 9 r S3cr4t2ri^ 
Coventry 

C 6 6 3 8 t r * about several things. (S.P. Dom., Car. IT. 870, 
No. 81.] 

[May ?] . The Mayor and Burgesses of Pontefract to the King. Petition 
for a confirmation of their liberties and privileges with grants of 
the additional privileges mentioned in the paper annexed. At the 

jtXit, 

May 3. Reference thereof to the Attorney-General. On the back, 

Whiwhall. fj^ report in farmir of grantinff the prayer of the petition. 

8 Mai/. [Ibid. ,V<>. 82.] Annexed, 

The Priiilegen desired to be inserted in the Charter. 

1. Tivonetr fairs. 

2. Power to take statutes. 

3. To attach <ioodt as veil as hndy in the town by the 
Sergeants at Mace, or to take bail bonds to answer the 
debt or plaint as is used hy the sheriff of Yorkshire. 

4. John IHckson, town clerk or clerk of the Peace, to con- 
tinve for life. [/iirf. Xo. 82i.] 

Another cow of the above reference. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 46, p. 227] 

May 3. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 

appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 674, and Commont' 
Jninnah, Vol. IX., p. 328. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 870, .V«.88.] 

Mny 3. Certificate by Sir William Peake that Peter Lembrack took the 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. [Ibid. 
Xu. 84.] 

May 3. T. Aslaby to Williamson. Twenty light ships are in the bay 

Bridlingtnii. expecting a fair wind for the northward. It is now much N., and 
has been bo for several days. The master of a vessel from Norway 
informs us that the King of Denmark presses all the seamen they 
can light on for his men-of-war, and that the Hollanders send over 
a great many seamen to man their ships. [Ibid. Xo. 85.] 

May 3. Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind E. [Ibid. 

Tn.ro. Xo. 86.] 

May 3. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Last Monday went out 27 or 28 

sail homeward-bound, the wind being N.W. There have since 
come in, the wind coming easterly, about 50, many from France, 
and two Virginia ships laden with tobacco. Several this morning 



13409 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



tried to get out, the wind being N., but it presently clapped to the 
east, BO the; can do no good oat. Last Wednesday came in the 
caper again to look after her two small French prizes. Wind E. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 870, No. 87.] 
May 8. Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 28tli was east away near 
FaimouUi. thg Qq\] liock, about 3 leagues eastward of this, a small vessel of 
Emdeu from Bordeaux with wine and brandy. All the men were 
saved and some of the goods, but the ship was lost. The 
Bontu! venture of Topsham from Virginia came in here. They 
report that all provision is very scarce there, and that a multitude 
of squirrels comes down from the woods and eats up and destroys 
their com and potatoes and their trees and other provisions, and 
that they have had a bad crop there this year. They have had also 
a very bad winter, which has destroyed most of their cattle. The 
Prince of Poole from Cadiz with oils for London came in here with 
four or five more from Port-o-port with oils and sugars for London. 
They report that about 18 or 20 men-of-war are coming out of 
Sallee, which will much infest these coasts. [//»«/. S'o. 887] 

May 3. Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the same news as the 
FoimoLth. laat. [Ihid. No. 89.] 

May 3. On the petition of Sir Edward Mansell praying that his grant of the 

Whitehall, offices of Chamberlain and Chancellor of South Wales and Steward 
of the Courts there may he renewed to him for the lives of his 
sons, Edward and Thomas, instead of the Earl of Manchester and 
Arthur, whose names were used in the former one for trust only, 
recommendation to the Lord Treasurer to give order for passing such 
a grant as is desired. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 22.] 

May 4. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 676, and Commons' 
Journah, Vol. IX., p. 329. [7'«'o enpien of Hie proceedings in the 
Lords', a. I'. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xos. 90, 91.] 

May 4- Account of the proceedings in both Houses concerning the 
June 9. differences between them with regard to the cases of Shirley r. Fagg, 
Stoughlon V. Onslow and Crispe r. Dalmahoy, all of which fully 
appear from the JoiirnaU of the two Houses. Prefixed is an 
account of the proceedings in the House of Commons on 14 April. 
[20 pages. Ibid. No. 927] 

May 4, Bobert Wharton's case ordered to be heard 4 May at the Com* 

mittee of Elections. The right of election is in the persons seised 
in fee of ancient burgage houses in Thirsk, who elect by prescrip- 
tion, not charter, two burgesses to parliament. Mr. Wharton was 
chosen burgess by 20 of the persons so seised, against the fitles of 
S of whom to their houses Sir William Wentworth took exceptions, 
which were cleared. Sir William was chosen by 11 that had the 
right of election and by 12 more who pretended the right but had 
none. The borough bailiff, being a Popish Becusant, was very 
partial, and allowed all Sir William's voices and returned him as 
chosen by 23. Five of Sir William's voices are only owners of 
cottages which they bought six days before the election, the former 
owners of which never voted, the other 7 have not titles to vote, as 



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College, 
Oiford 
(Qaeen'aJ 



waa proved at the election, and will be proved again at the hearing 
of the cause. Endorted, " Mr. Wharton's case, May 4, 1675. 
[Printed paper. S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 370, Xo. 93.] 

May 4. John Skalton to Williamson. That you should so far euspend 
your great thoughts as to take nolice of Queen's College, shows you 
imitate the great Creator's vrisdom and goodwill, who, after He 
had built, took as great care to have His world well managed and 
ordered, and left not the meanest of His creatures without 
protection. 'Tis our great happiness we should so unanimously 
pitch on the same person for our governor in whose fortunes you 
write you have an interest. If we bad the art of divining your 
inclinations, we should assuredly always thus anticipate your 
commands. I am confident I speak the sentiments of every man 
here, I do my own most unfeignedly without the least design, for I 
am kio well acquainted with your goodness to be afraid of your 
greatness or to have any fatal apprehensions of your power. 
[Ibid. No. 94.] 



May 4. 



PlTiDonth 



[IfiTS? 
Before 
May 6?] 



Silas Taylor to Williamson. This morning arrived one of oar 
packet-boats which left the Brill last Sunday, but I could not hear 
of any news they brought. Yesterday we had a great number of 
ships here, most of them light, and the weather being fair and the 
wind coming somewhat west of north, where it continues to-day, 
caused most of them to sail towards evening, but now about noon, it 
blowing very fresh, many are hastening in again. [Ibid. A'o. 95.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. Yesterday the 
wind came to the north-weHt, and there sailed at least 100 ships, 
small and great, which had been here and at the Isle of Wight, wind- 
Iwund. The Earl of Inchiquin had a fair wind to reach Cork, 
where he was to take in his lady. [Ibid. Xo. 96.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. In Capt. Lanyon's absence inform- 
ing him that no ships are arrived, and that there is nothing worth 
his notice there. Misdated "4 April," but endorsed "4 May." 
[Ibid. No. 97.] 

Case of John Sayer, John Billingsley, Thomas Blagrave, Richard 
Kinaey and Thomas Dyos. By an Act of 20 Car. II. 310,000i. was 
given to the King, which was to be raised on wines, &c., vended and 
retailed between 24 June, 1668, and 24 June, 1670, and the Act was 
not to continue in force any longer; the 10,000^ was appointed for 
the charges of levying the money. For security of lenders, a 
register was appointed, and all orders signed for repayment were 
to be entered, and paid in course to the lenders, and the money was 
not to be converted to any other use. The persons above named, 
together with Deremer, since deceased, Wadlow, Hargrave and 
Henderson agreed with the King to lend the whole 800,000^, 
18 Aug., 1668, and the King assigned to them the benefit of the 
said Act, and appointed the Commissioners for putting the Act in 
execution to pay the money to be levied to them, to their own use, 
The first 5 named persona and Deremer, 20 Nov., 1669, sold their 
orders for repayment to Wadlow, and divested themselves of all 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



iutereBt and benefit in the said Act. On iU June, 1670, another 
Act waB granted for a ne^v imposition on winea and for raising a 
further sum for payment of such orders as were registered and not 
satisfied by the money raised ou the hrst Act ; the King, without 
the privity of the 6 persons ahoVe named, appointed Commissioners 
to put the Act in execution, and the Treasury Commissioners 
by their ^rarrant appointed payment of the money to be levied by 
the latter Act to Wadlow, Hargrave and Henderson, which order 
was afterwards revoked, 24 Dec, 1670, and the money ordered to be 
paid into the Exchequer ; but in the meantime 52,700f. had been 
paid to the 3 last named persons. The Attorney-General filed a bill 
against all the parties for an account of the moneys raised upon the 
two Acts. Sayer, Billingsley, Blagrave, Kinsey, Dyos and Deremer 
answered and confessed themselves accountable jointly with 
Wadlow, Hargrave and Henderson for the money raised by the 
first Act, because the King appointed the moneys to be levied to be 
paid to them jointly, but not for the 62,700/. levied on the second 
and paid to Wadlow, Hargrave, and Henderson without their 
privity, nor had they had any interest therein ; yet they are decreed 
to account jointly with them for the whole money. Upon a petition 
to the King and Council it was referred to the Lord Chancellor and 
the Lord Treasurer and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, to consider 
what was fit to be done for the petitioners' relief, and that the said 
decree should he put in execution against Wadlow, but that no 
further proceedings should be taken against the others until the 
Lords had made their report and further order should be given. 
Thej have used their utmost endeavours to get the same beard by 
the Referees but without effect, and, as the money supposed to be 
due upon the said decree has been granted away by a privy seal, 
Sayer, Billingsley, Blagrave, Kinsey, and Dyos (Deremer being dead) 
are violently prosecuted, attachments have been awarded against 
them, and they and their families are threatened with inevitable ruin. 
They therefore pray that their case may be heard by his Majesty in 
Council, and that all proceeilings may be stayed in the meanlinie. 
(See Priry Council Itegistei; Vd. XI., p. 411, vnder 5 Ma;/, 1676.) 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, A'o. 98.] 

May 6. Journal of proceedings in the House of Lords that day. The 

House, being resolved into a Committee to consider heads for a bill 
for the better securing the Protestant religion, agreed that the 
disarming of Popish Recusants be one head. Then entering into 
debate of the next head proposed, viz:, that no Romish priest 
attend the Queen but such as are foreigners, and such now attend* 
ing her as are otherwise may be removed, and that, after the death 
or removal of such other servants as at present attend her, none be 
admitted in their rooms but such as are Protestants or foreigners, 
after some time spent in debate thereof, by reason of a message 
from the House of Commons concerning the privilege of Sir John 
Eagg, who is defendant to an appeal depending here, which took up 
the rest of the day, ordered that the House he in a Committee 
again upon heads on Saturday morning, llbid. No. ^S."] 

May 6, Journal of proceedings in the House of Commons that day, which 
fully appear from Commons' JoumaU, Vol. IX., p. 880. [Ibid. A'o. 100.") 



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CHARLES If. 



1675. 
May 5. 



[Before 
May G.] 



Warrant from the Duke of Monmouth to Gol. Scott and in his 
absence to the Ueut. -colonel or major with five captains to hold 
courts-martial for the trial of offenders whether officers or private 
soldiers of the Duke's foot regiment in the French service, with full 
power to punish all crimes and misdemeanours according to the 
discipline of war, and, the case requiring, to give sentence of death 
against any officer or soldier and to see the same immediately 
executed. [S-P. Dom., Enti-y Book 41, p, 85.] 

Reference to the Attorney-General of the petition of William 
and John Cooke and John Hoskins and the annexed paper praying 
for a pardon for forgery, subornation and perjury. [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Book 46, }>. 22/1 

Presentation of Jolm Hinton, M.A., to the rectory of Newbury, 
Berkshire. Minute. [S.l'. D-m., Kntnj Book 47, }>. G.] 

Grant to Philip, Earl of Pemhioke and Montgomery, to be Lord 
Lieutenant of Wiltshire. Minute. [^Ilome Ojfice, \t'aiTaiit Book 1, 
p. 58.] 

.\ particular deduction of the ease of William Eyre, concerning 
his right to the half barony of iShelelah (Sbillelagb) and castle of 
Camow, CO. Wicklow, now in the posBession of William, Earl of 
Strafford, presented to the King and both Houses of Parliament. 

Calcot Chambre sold a very considerable estate in Oxfordshire, 
and with the purchase money bought the half barony of Shelelah 
and castle of Camow, containing about 60,000 acres, and 18 Aug., 
1629, made a lease thereof to James and Nathaniel Fiennes and 
John Crew for 200 years from his death, in trust for payment of hia 
debts and legacies, and subject thereto to such uses as he should 
by deed or will appoint, and in default thereof to the use of his 
own right heirs. 

The said Chambre died, having by his will given all his lands to 
his son, Calcot Chambre, and likewise all his goods and chattels, 
and appointed him sole executor. After his decease the said 
trustees by virtue of the said lease possessed themselves of the 
premises, and agreed to lease them to Sandford, a son-in-law of 
Calcot Chambre, senior, one of the principal creditors and l^atees, 
for 3 years, for payment of the debts and legacies, be allowing 
young Chambre 300/. a year for his maintenance. 

But the late Earl ol Strafford, then Lord Deputy, having even 
in the life time of Ciilcot Chambre, the elder, attempted to render 
the said estate forfeited as plantation lands, caused another 
inquisition to be taken, endeavouring to represent it as forfeited by 
making the said 200 years' lease, but the title and estate being 
clear, and it not being in the King's disposal to grant any cvstodinm 
and no forfeiture being made, great endeavours were made to the 
three clerks of Sir Philip Percival, then Registrar of the Court of 
Wards, if they would alter the demicle of the last mentioned 
inquisition, who informed their master, Sir Philip, who strictly 
commanded alt his said clerks not to attempt such things or he 
would turn them out of their places. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEliS. 



A plot was Iftid to get the estate by another way into the hands 
of the Earl's creatures and agents without paying any valuable 
consideration. Chambre, the younger, coming to Dublin with his 
wife to live in England with his father-in-law tilt the said three 
years were expired, was persuaded by the Earl's agents to use 
means to get Sandford out of the estate, and to arrest hiiu for 
7,000/. he was to account for in his father's time when he managed 
the estate, but the next morning Chambre himself was made 
prisoner for the mourning for his father's funeral, and Sandford, 
on posting to Dublin to pay the debt, was told, if he went to him, he 
would be arrested for 7,00W., on which he went and took counsel 
with the Earl, who advised him instead of releasing his brother to 
clap another arrest on him for 1,000/. pretendedly due to Sandford, 
and Chambre and Sandford being thus set at variance, the Earl 
caused Sir P. Percival and others to propose they might have a 
lease of the estate for 22 years for the use of the Countess of 
Carlisle, paying 4,000/. fine and 500/. per annum and the third 
penny profit of the wood, and the said agents persuaded Chambre to 
petition the Earl that the lease to Sandford might not go but the 
lease proffered by Sir Philip might be perfected, that he might receive 
the 4,000/. to pay the debts and legacies and get out of prison. 

This petition the Earl transmitted to the late King and Council, 
seeming to commiserate Chambre's condition and desiring their 
order to compel the trustees to consent, they living in England. 
The trustees were summoned before the Council, who alleged they 
were making a much more advantageous lease to Sandford, on 
which the King and Council ordered, 17 Jan., 1637[-8], that the 
business should be wholly remitted to the Earl of Strafford to 
perfect the lease to the Countess of Carlisle (which was in truth for 
himself) or to make any better bargain tor the petitioner. 

Chambre then petitioned the 'Earl and the Council that the lease 
propounded by Percival might not be made good, for he could have 
a much better bargain, his brother-in-law. Lord Brahazon, ofiTering 
a much larger rent and fine, but the Earl refused this offer, con- 
trary to the King'a orders, and caused the lease to Percival to he 
perfected by a special order on the terms first oflfered by him, nor 
were the fine, rent, or thurd penny of the profit of the woods ever 
paid, or, if any of the 4,000i. was paid, it was after Chambre's death 
and to whom the Earl and his agents pleased. 

Sandford being thus turned out and the Earl's agents put in 
possession, Chambre was still detained a prisoner, and ]^>etitioned the 
Earl that the 4,000/. fine might be paid, that he might pay his debts 
and get out of prison. On this the Earl caused an agent to tell him 
that the 4,000/. fine would not pay his debts and to persuade him 
to sell the reversion for 13,200/. (Account of how by Chambre being 
kept a prisoner and ill treated be and bis wife were induced to sell 
the reversion.) A fine was next day elapt up and a deed of 2 Nov., 
1638, sealed by Chambre for the reversion only to Joshua 
Carpenter, Henry Wentworth and others, intended, though not 
expressed, for the use of the Earl in fee simple, for 13,200/., 
mentioned therein as the consideration, though the estate was then 
worth above 120,000/., but of even that money only 500/. was ever 
paid which was to one Chambre of Minmore for relinquishing all 



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his preteneioD to the premiBee- Thie deed and fine, which were 
obtained not only by duress but directly contrary to the King's 
order, being esecuted, Chambre was released but died a few days 
alterwardB, the end of Nov., 1638, leaving two cliildren, a son that 
died soon after, and a daughter. 

The said Chambre, 17 Aug., 1638, made his will, bequeathing all 
bis landB to his wife for 12 years, and in remainder one moiety to 
her for her life, the other moiety to his heirs male, and for want of 
an heir male to his uncte, Chambre of Minmore, in tail male, and 
bequeathing 2,000i. to his daughter and making his wife sole 
executrix and giving her all his goods and chattels, whereby she 
became entitled to the lease of 200 years and the 13,200;. agreed 
to be given for the reversion. Whatever was given to Chambre of 
Minmore by will or otherwise was sold by him a year after 
Cbambre's death to his relict, so that the Minmore family have no 
pretence of any right to it. 

Chambre, the younger, thus dying without signing any deed to 
lead the uses of the said fine, and his will being concealed, the Earl's 
agents set up a nuncupative will supposed to be made by bim, and 
made Mary, his relict, prove the same, and also a lease and release 
of 3 Nov., 1638, supposed to be made by the said Chambre only, of 
all the premises and a deed of uses or covenants of the same date 
between Carpenter and others, the Earl's trustees, of the one part, 
and the said Chambre, Squire Lester, his father-in-law. Job Ward 
that afterwards married his relict, and the said Chambre of 
Minmore, pretended trustees for him, of the other part, whereby 
the said Carpenter, &c., covenanted to lay out 13,200/. in land to 
be conveyed to the said trustees for Chambre for several uses 
therein mentioned, hut both these deeds were false and batched 
after Cbambre's death. 

The nuncupative will and these deeds being thus admitted and 
Ward having married Mary Chambre, and they desiring the Earl 
that the 13,'200/. might be laid out in land for Calcot, the infant 
son of Calcot Chambre, the younger, the Earl making Ward his 
favourite, caused the infant to petition that the trustees, Fiennes 
and Crew, might give up their trust in the said lease of 200 years, 
who, induced by the supposititious deeds and a decree in Chancery 
founded thereon, were prevailed on to sell the lease to persons for 
the use of Carpenter, &c., but on condition that the said 13,200/. 
should be paid or laid out in purchasing land of inheritance 
according to the said articles, which was never performed. The 
late Earl indeed pretended to purchase a place called l^nalagha or 
Knockhrea, which was no real inheritance, being a lease for years. 

In 1640 Chambre's real will was discovered and proved and the 
nuncupative will set aside, on which the Earl being at a stand, he, 
having about Trinity term, 1637, caused a case called the case of 
tenures on defective titles to he made, comprised the premises therein 
and about 1640 obtained an Act of the Irish Parliament, as is pre- 
tended, whereby the said half barony were vested in his Majesty or 
any he should grant them to as plantation lands and defective titles, 
whereon he obtained letters patent under the Great Seal of Ireland 
granting the premises to personbiin trust for his son, now Earl of 
Strafford, who has since renewed the said letters patent, aud thereby 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



and by the said Act )ie holds possessioD, whereas the premises were 
not plantfttiou lauds, nor was the old Mr. Chambre's title in any way 
defective nor were they ever forfeited or sequestred to the CrowTi. 

In 1647 the suppliant Eyre married the said Mary, formerly relict of 
the said Chambre, the younger, and therefore ought to have enjoyed 
the premises for the remauider of the said 200 years, and accordingly 
most of the said writings came into his hands and also the said 
lease, but he was deprived of them by deceit and subtilty and 
many of them came into the hands of the now Earl and his 
agents. 

Eyre being a close prisoner in Warwick Castle in 1649, Judge 
Advocate Whaley, formerly Mrs. Eyre's servant in Ireland, per- 
suaded her to make Col. James Temple her daughter's guardian, 
lest Cromwell, on account of her husband, should sequester the 
estate, and she accordingly trusted Temple with most of the said 
writings concerning the estate, which be refused to deliver when 
requested to do so by Eyre and his wife in 1650, and inveigled the 
daughter to marry his youngest son, Alexander. 

Eyre in the latter part of 1650 entered on his estate in right of 
liis wife, and the then Council put him in possession thereof and he 
held it for several years, but, lie being made a prisoner again by 
Cromwell for many years, the Earl of Strafford and Col, Temple 
and his son Alexander and his wife commenced many suits to oust 
him from the premises of which he was in possession and used the 
said writings which Temple IukI unduly deprived him of, and 
redelivered the lease of 200 years to the now Lord Crew, one of the 
trustees, who has acknowledged that he has it and is ready to 
deliver it to whom a Court shall command. 

The first suit was on behalf of the Countess of Carlisle for the 
said lease of 22 years, though she had not paid a penny rent nor 
any profit of the woods, so that it was long since void. 

In 1657 all the suits came to a hearing and Chancellor Steele 
judged that the reversion might belong to the Earl of Strafford 
because of the fine, though surreptitiously obtained, but the Court was 
of opinion that the lease of 200 years belonged to Eyre in right of his 
wife and therefore dismissed the said Earl and Countess with all 
their suits and seemed resolved to continue Eyre in possession in 
right of his wife. 

The Earl's agent then produced the said Act for strengthening 
defective titles, among which the estate of Shelalah was foisted in 
untruly as aforesaid, on which the Chancellor deferred his judgment 
till next term, expecting the cross bill of Eyre and his wife would 
then come to a hearing. 

Before the next term the Earl and his agents put in a plea to the 
said cross bill waiving all pretence of titles, and challenged the 
said estate merely by the said Act, and letters patents thereon 
granted 28 Sept., 1641, to George Carr and others for the use of 
the now Earl of Strafford. Eyre being a prisoner, and his 
counsel neglecting to argue the said plea or to brin^ that cause 
to a hearing, the Chancellor pronounced his decree m the other 
cause wherein the Earl's agents were plaintiffs, and gave away 
Eyre's possession, not on any other title the Earl had, but merely 
by that pretended Act, declaring it was chiefly to be considered 



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CHARLES 11. 105 

lfi75. 

whether it be a defective title or not, and therefore gave the Earl 
irossession only till lie was outed by due course of law or furllier 
order of the Court, and blamed Eyre's counsel for not bringing his 
cross bill together to a hearing, (tnd told them there was speaking 
of a will and inquisition proving the estate was no defective title, 
and that he believed there were such things but they were not 
judicially before him, and he therefore advised Eyre to appeal to a 
Parliament, which would undoubtedly do him right, which he, being 
of an inferior Court, had not power to do, 

(Account of how Eyre was kept a prisoner till the fall of Richard 
Cromwell and again after the restoration was kept in close prison 
tor above 10 years on unfounded charges of treason.) 

When released lie made his bumble address for the recovery of 
liiri just rights in the said estate, wrongfully, as he conceives and 
is advised, withheld from him, tliese continued troubles (he fears 
purjwsely contiivetl) being the only cause he did not do so sooner. 

While in prison tor pretended contempt of court under that 
inevitable necessity. Chancellor Eustace granted an injunction and 
turned his wife and family out of the estate of Iteiielaghs too, and 
they have ever since been kept out of it, wliich was preteuded to 
be purchased with the money to be given for the reversion cf 
Shelelah. Mrs. Eyre fainted for want in the streets of Dublin, 
and died two hours after, crying that her daughter Temple had 
broken her heart, for she and her husband enjoy all the Earl or 
his ancestors gave for Shelalah (except the 500f. to Cbambre of 
Minmore), though the whole of the 13,2001. belonged to Eyre in 
right of his wife as a chattel, and the judges declared that what- 
ever purchase money they paid to any but Eyre they paid in their 
own wrong, which caused the now Earl to take a bond from Temple 
to keep him harmless from Eyre, for Mrs. Chambre's daughter had 
a distinct portion of 2,0001. by her father's will, though now they 
would make her heir of all they have left the family. 

(Arguments to prove from the premises that both the inheritance 
and the lease of the said estate were vested in Eyre's wife.) 

Uy an affidavit made by a person of credit, who was present on 
the scaffold at the death of the late Earl of Strafford, it appears 
that the detention of the said estate is contrary to his lordship's 
resolutions, the deponent making oath that be heard the Earl a 
short time before his death command Sir George Weiitworth to 
charge his son upon his blessing not to claim any right to the 
estate of Charabre (by name) in Wicklow, Bourke's estate in 
Connaught or any other estates in Ireland but what he had legally 
and justly purchased for his money on valuable considerations, 
and that he should disclaim any right or title to the same. 

In consideration of all which the ruinated suppliant humbly 
makes his address to his Majesty and the most High Court of 
Parliament to relieve him by the restitution of his just rights so 
long wrongfully detained from him, ll'rinted iiaper. 81 jtoffcg. 
S.P. Ireland, Car. II. S35, Xo. 158.] 

[Before "The ease of William Eyre concerning his estate in Ireland, 

May 6.] trulv 8tat«d and humbly presented to the King's most excellent 

Majesty and both Houses of Parliament." {Paper similar to the 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



last and in great part agreeing verbatim with it.) Endorsed, 
" 1675, Mr. Eyre's case." [Printed. 16 pof/es. S.P. Ireland, 
Car. II. 3S5, .V(.. 159.] 

"A Brief of the Case of WQliam Eyre," being a 8ummai-y of the 
May 6.} contents of the lust two palters. (For these three documents sre 
Lordt' ■loimiah. Vol. XII., j>. (i81, p. 689 and p. 708, under 6, 11 
and 28 May, the first entry heiug that William Eyre ap[)eared at 
the l»ar and owned " The Case of Williiim Eyres" complained of 
hy the Earl of Straflord and said tliat he would justify the contents 
thereof, the second being a reference to the Committee of Privileges 
of the examination of the matter of calumny in the said case com- 
plained of as a scandalous paper by the Earl of Strafford, and the 
third being a reference to the same Committee of the reflections in 
the said case on trustees, whereof Lord Crew was one ; and also 
tJte Xinth Hejyort of tfte Hiatorkal MUS. Coiiimisgion, Part II., 
p. 68.) [Printed. Ibid. Xo. 160.] 

May 6. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lords' JoiimaU, Vol. XII., p. 680, and Commons' 
Jiiuntals, Vol. IX.,}). 331. [Tico copies <^ the Commons' proceedings. 
S.P. Doin., Car. II. 370, Xos. 101, 102.] 

May 6. Patent appointing Wilham Jennison town-cierk of Newcastle-on- 

Tyne, given under tlie common seal of the town, [Latin, Copy. 
Ibid. Xo. lOS.] 

May 6. Elizabeth Vyner to Williamson. My son presumed to present 
you with the enclosed letter written in French, how fit for your 
perusal I know not, but I hope you will escuse the defects of his 
youth, and retain your kind resolution of giving him an employ- 
ment under you. [Ibid. Xo. 104.] Enclosed, 

Thomas Vyner to WiUiamson. Asking jmrdon for not having 
n-ritten to him, but as yet he does not know French enough to 
ejpress his civilities. Has begged his mother to assure htm 
always that he desires to be able to scrre him and to preserve 
hiH favour. Saitmiir, .ipril 2/0. [Freiich. Ibul. Xo. lOii.'] 

May 6. Silas Taylor to Williamson. The Pearl with the Swedish ships 
Humicli under her convoy sailed this morning and so are a great number 
of light ships bound N., the wind being W., which has also cleared 
our harbour of all the ships that have taken shelter here for above 
six weeks, by reason the wind has continued so long in the East. 
[Ibid. Xo. 105.] 

May 6. Richard Watts to Williamson. This afternoon arrived the 
De»i. PktenLt from Guinea and Barbados, in which voyage the captain - 
and many of her company died. His Majesty about eight days 
ago made the lieutenant captain, and his commission lying ready 
for him here was delivered him two hours before he anchored. 
Yesterday afternoon the wind came westerly. The I'ha-mj- reports 
that 100 merchant ships are coming up the Channel for the Downs. 
The packets for Algiers and Tripoli are yet in my hands. I desire 
orders in what Straits ships to put them, or if I shnll send then 
up. Wind W., not a topsail gale. [Ibid. Xo. 106.] 



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1675. 
May 6. 



May 6. 

Portstuoutb. 



May (i. 
May 7. 



Charles ii. 



John Iteading to Williamson. About 4 yesterday morning a 
)>Hcket-boat went to sea with the mail that came from London 
Tuesday night, and some few passengers for Calais. We hear 
this morning that the Nieuport packet is arrived in the Downs with 
the mail and passengers, notwithstanding the wind and weather 
were very good for them to come into the harbour, but the design 
of those packet-boat masters is to spite the clerk of the passage all 
they can, and to smuggle prohibited goods in the Downs or at St. 
Margaret Stairs three miles beyond Dover Castle. [S.I'. Dom., 
Car. II. 870, So. 107.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. No news. \_Ibid. 
Si>. 108.] 

Thomas HoHen to James Hickes. The 8rd and 4tb put out 
hence a fleet of merchantmen of about 20 sail that had been wind- 
bound. Wind N.W. The 5th came in here the Proaperout of 
Falmouth from Vannes for Stockton with rye. They speak much 
of the late disorders there about the taxes, and say that there is 
another tax coming, that all merchants, peasants, and others, that 
cannot make out that they are gentlemen, shall pay a rate called the 
Grand Fifth, besides the great rates on all the poor people. They 
generally talk very high, and some of the better sort, that they 
should have such taxes brought upon them in Britannj', which has 
been free in so many King's reigns. Several have been killed at 
Kennes, their bead Parliament city, about these taxes, llbiil, 
X<>. 109.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. Giving the same news as the 
last. [Ihid. No. 110.] 

Pass to Baron Hartsfeldt for transporting two geldings to 
Hamburg. [Precedents l,f. 65.] 

Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day. Sir J. 
Fagg being at the door and called in desired longer time to answer 
the petition, which was granted him till Wednesday next. Kichard 
Vincon, servant to the DuchesB of Cleveland, being arrested and 
complaint made thereof, it is referred to the Committee of Privileges 
to examine what has been done in the case of privilege of Parliament 
allowed to noble women and widows of peers and to report the same 
to the House. The House then resolved into a Grand Committee 
on the hill for the Test. On deltate it was resolved that there shall 
be both a declaration and an oath distinct in this bill, but the 
declaration only subscribed to, and the oath only sworn to. The 
beginning of the declaration, viz., I, A.B., do declare that it is not 
lawful upon any pretence whatsoever to take up arms against the 
King, was presently agreed to, and the second sentence, viz., 
and that I abhor that traitorous position of taking arms by bis 
authority against his person, aftet' a long debate was agreed to by 
the Question. The House being resumed and report made that some 
progress had been made, they appointed to be on this bill in a 
Committee again next Monday and so adjourned till to-morrow. 
(See the yiiith Report of the HUlorical MSS. Commission, Part II., 
p. 61.) [77(rec copies icith tome sWfht lUj/erenres. S.P. l>om.,Car.II, 
870, Xos. 111-118.] 



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08 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. 
May 7. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commone that day, 

which fuUv appear by (.'umiiiong' Jimriiah, Vol. IX., p. 331. [IVo 
a.jm-g. S.l>. Ihii,., Car. II. 370, Sos. 114, 115.] 

May 7. The King's answer to the address coueeming the Duke of 

Whitehall. Lauderdale. {Printed in Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 332.) 
iTwo I'opies. /W(/. A'os. 116, 117.] 

Draft thereof in Williamson's hand with an alternative clause to 
follow the words " General Pardon," not inserted in the message aa 
sent, viz., "And, if any man may be questioned for offences committed 
before the last Act of General Pardon, by the same reason offences 
committed before the former Act of Oblivion may also he brought 
into question, which his Majesty would be most unwilling to give 
his subjects any just occasion to apprehend." {_Ihi(t. No. 118.] 

Another copy of the above answer. \_Hoinc Office, Warrant 
Book I, p. 59.] 

May 7. Anthony Isaacson to Williamson. We have a very backward 

NewcMtle. spring and a great drought occasioned by the pinching N.E. winds, 

which also keei) all trade from us. Yesterday, after ten days' 

sickness mostly of a lethargy, died here Mr. John Clark, burgess for 

Cockermouth. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, S». 119.] 

May 7- A. tioodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 

Plynionth. Uhid. So. 120.] Endoml, 

The said list. [Ibid. Xo. 120 1.] 

May 7. Commission to Cornet Langston to be comet to Capt. Hill. 

Minute. [S.I\ I.hm., Entry Hook 41, p- 29.] 

May 7. Caveat in favour of Sir John Nicholas that no grant pass for a 

market lo be kept at Cataricke, Yorkshire, without notice to him. 
{p.p. }>om.. Entry Book 45, p. 9.] 

May 7. Reference of the petition of Capt. Thomas Corbin, Surveyor- 

WbitohitU. General of the King's Woods beyond Trent, representing that his 
salary of 50^ per annum has been stopped since 1672, to the Lord 
Treasurer, that he may give such orders for settling and paying the 
said salary and the arrears thereof as he shall think ht, or otherwise 
report what may be done for the petitioner's gratification. \S.l'. 
Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 23.] 

Maj' 7. Pass for embarking and transporting to Prance or elsewhere 

Wbitobsli. beyond the seas 12 horses for the use of the Chevalier de Vendosme. 
[Home Ofice, Warrant Book \, p. 59.] 

May 7. Warrant to the Earl of Winchilsea to be Lord Lieutenant of 
Somerset during the minority of the Duke of Somerset. \ Precedents 
1, / 66.] 

[May 7.] Request of Lady Wentworth on behalf of her daughter Henrietta, 
grandchild of the late Earl of Cleveland, daughter and heir of 
Thomas, Lord Wentworth, and of Lady Lovelace, the only daughter 
of the said Earl, and her son, Lord Lovelace, that the House of 



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Commons will not pnes the bill presented by Lady Poole for selling 
the said Earl'e estate, for payment of a pretended debt, which she 
never claimed by IftW. [I'riitted jiaper. ^.P. Dom., Car.il.&lO, 
Xo. 121.] 

[May 7.] Statement of the ease of tlie said Henrietta Maria, Lady Went- 
worth, showing that the late Earl of Cleveland and Lord Wentworth, 
his son, made many efforts to clear otf their debts, and that an Act 
was passed by which the Barons of the Exchequer were authorized 
for seven years in a summary way to state accounts between the 
said Earl and his creditors, which being done the trustees named 
ill the Act were to sell land to pay the debts mentioned therein, 
in which the pretended debt of 6,000/. {to Lady Poole and Dorothy 
and Lucy Withypoole) is not named ; that another Act was passed 
giving further powers to which a proviso touching the said pre- 
tended debt was added without the Earl's knowledge, but there was 
so mucli difficulty in proceeding thereon that nothing was done by 
virtue of the Acts, and that since the Earl's death Lady Wentworth 
on her daughter's behalf has done much, by purchasing in mort- 
gages, to redeem the property. During all this time neither Lady 
Poole nor Dorothy nor Lucy Withyi)oole ever appUed for or demanded 
the said pretended debt till about a month ago by Mr. Powell. Lady 
Wentworth and her daughter will waive her privilege and submit 
to be proceeded against by law. Khe hopes, therefore, that no 
unusual remedy will be provided for Lady Poole or any other 
creditor of the Earl, ll'rinfed paper. Ibid. Xo. 122.] 

[May 7.] Answer by Lady Wentworth, in behalf of herself and her infant 
daughter, and of the Dowager Lady Lovelace and Lord Lovelace, 
her son, to the paper delivered at the door of the House of 
Commons by Lady Poole, accusing the House of Peers or the family 
of the Earl of Cleveland of obliterating her name out of the Act 
presented for payment of the Enrl of Cleveland's debts when it 
came to the royal assent, &c., and controverting her other state- 
ments. IPrinted jiapei: Ibid. Xo. 12a.] 

[Msy 7.] Reply to the above answer, declaring the first Act passed tor the 
Earl of'^CIevelond was not for the advantage of his general creditors, 
but only of those who petitioned ; that Lady Poole's name was 
obUterated therefrom ; that the Earl owned it kindness in her to 
accept 6,0001. when above 30,0001. was due; that application has 
often been made for the money ; with a request for a further enlarge- 
ment of the time granted by the two former Acts for settling the 
estate. (For all these papers see Commow*' Journals, Vol. IX., 
pp. 881, 382.) [Printed paper. Ibid. No. 124.] 

May 8. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day, 
which partly appear by Lorrfs'J^oHrnfl/g, Co/. XII.,p, 681. It odds: — 
The House went into a Grand Committee to consider of the heads 
for securing the Protestant religion, and agreed on the following 
head, viz., that no Romish priest attend her Majesty but such as 
are foreigners except Mr. Huddleslon, and that after her present 
Majesty's death no servants may be admitted to attend any future 
Queen out such as are Protestants or foreigners, which after being 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



reported to the Houub, tliey appointed to be in a Committee again 
next Tuesday. [Four copies. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No». 125- 

128.] 

May 8. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear by Commons' Jounials, Vol. IX., }>. 333. {I'lro 
copies. Ibid. Xos. 129, 130.] 

May 8. The King's answer to the address for recailing his subjects from 

Whitebsll. the French service. (Printed in Commons' Jmu-nah, i'ol. IX., 
p. 833.) [Ibid. Xo. 131 ; and Pirccdnits, 1,/. 69.] 

May 8. Richard Gleadow to Williamson. Last Thursday the wind 

Hull. presenting westerly, which for a long time had been easterly and 
northerly, set a great fleet from hence to sea, some for Eastland, 
two great flyboats for Greenland, and some for Holland. The 
Endeavour of Hull sailed last week for Holland, but was forced 
back into the Humber by contrary winds, and coming at night near 
the number's mouth had run on a new sand lately grown there, 
and undoubtedly miscarried, had the master not had the benefit of 
two new lighthouses lately erected on the Spurn, by which means 
he came in safe. {_S.l'. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xo. 132.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. To-day the Soldafe, commonly 
called the Queen's frigate, arrived in the Downs, but stayed not, 
the wind being very fair between S. and 8.E. [Ibid. Xo. 133.] 

Secretary Coventry to Mr, Percival, Deputy Governor of Deal 
Castle. Signifying the King's pleasure that he make his appearance 
before the King and Council on 12 May, and adding that, as he will 
see him so soon, be will not reply to bis letter of the 5th instant. 
[.S./'. Dom., Eniry Book U, p. 137.] 

May 8. The King to [the Warden, i&c., of Manchester Collegiate Church]. 

WhitohBll. jjg had required them by his letter of 2 Nov., 1670, to admit George 
Ogden, M.A., to the next vacant fellowship; but he finds another 
has been admitted by virtue of a letter obtained from him some 
time after. He therefore requires them to elect and admit Ogden 
on the next vacancy. {_S.P. Dom., Entry Book 27, p. 66-] 

May 8. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of William Denny, 
rector of East Harling, Norfolk, who being sued for non-residence 
and condemned in 80/. fine, prays for the King's moiety. [S.P. 
Dom., Eniry Book 46, p. 22.] 

May 8. Warrants to the Lord Keejwr to affix the Great Seal to the 

Whiieiiaii. ratifications of even date of an article agreed between the King and 
the States General for the prevention of differences between the 
English and Dutch East India Companies, and tor composing 
amicably any that may arise, and of a declaration that the ninth 
article of the treaty concluded with the States General i% Feb., 
167S-4, was fulfilled without any further proceedings thereon. 
Minutes. [Ilome Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 62.] 

May 8. Warrant for a grant to Horatio Moore ot the place of Master of 
WbiicbsU. the Tennis Courts at Whitehall, Hampton Court and elsewhere for 



May 8. 



May 8. 



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May 9. 
Plfininith. 



May 9. 



May 9. 

VVb<t<!h>ll, 



May 9. 



his life, iu reversion after Tbomtis Cooke, the present Master, with the 
fees of Sd. per dUm granted to John Webb by King James, and 120/. 
j>er annum granted by the late King when Prince of Wales, and with 
all other advantages thereto belonging. [Prccedcnls 1,/. 68.] 

Hugh MorrelJ to Williamson. My humble deeire is only that my 
petition may be read, and not so as to have your Honour appear 
more for me than as a member of the Council. My relation now 
also nt the Board presents my addresses of this nature to his 
Grace of Canterbury, the Lord Treasurer, Lord Holies, and Sir 
Edward Salter; in whose hand are my petition and accounts of 
state, whereby to have some conclusion. To be in a suffering 
condition, I and mine, at the age of 82 should move the hearts of 
those in place and power. [.S'.R Dum., Car. II. 370, No. 134.} 

John Reading to Williamson. Concerning arrivals and 
departures of the mails and packet-boats. [liUl. No. 136.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W. No news. [Ibid. 
Xo. 136.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Yesterday came in a Dutch East 
India ship of about 8 or 900 tons, outward bound, which is yet in 
harbour to be supplied with a mainmast which she lost in a late 
storm. There is a report that her captain said they saw a vessel 
somewhat off Scilly of about 150 or 170 tons lying in the sea with 
her keel upward. [Ibid. No. 137.] 

Warrant for a privy seal for making an instalment to Peter, 
Bishop of Ely, on his own security alone, of his first-fruits, to be 
paid in four years by four equal shares, with a proviso, in case the 
Bishop should die or he removed from the bishopric within four 
years, for discharging him or his representatives from any parts not 
then due, inasmuch the first-fruits, amounting to 2,134(. 18«. 5d., 
reduced by deduction of the tenth to 1,921/. 8«. l^d., are higher than 
those of any other bishopric except Winchester. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Hook 27,/. 67.'] 

Warrant to insert Thomas Wright, condemned at the Cambridge- 
shire Assizes for burglary, but reprieved, in the next general pardon, 
without the proviso for transportation, he being only 16 years of 
age. IS.P. Dom., Entrjf Book 28,/. 131.] 

Commission to Sir Jonathan Atkins, Oovemor of the Island of 
Barbados and [others] to try Colonel Philip Warner, accused of 
the murder of Thomas Warner, esq., Deputy Governor of the Island 
of Dominico, first having made him drunk with the whole of his 
company to the number of sixty or seventy persons. (Calendared 
in S.P. Col., America, ,C-c., 1674-6, p. 228.) [Ibid. f. 132.] 

Caveat that nothing pass concerning a Fellow's place in Man- 
chester College till notice be given to Secretary Coventry, the first 
vacant one being promised to George Ogden. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 45, J). 9.] 



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112 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1676. ' """■ ^ 

May 9. Warrant to the Duke of Uiinoude to 8wear Henry BuUieley iuto 

Whitvluii. the place of Master of the Household in reversion after Sir Herbert 
Price. Minute. {Hume Offke, IfatrantBook 1, p. 60.] 

May 9. Secretary Coventry to the Attorney-General. Signifying the 

Whitehall King's pleasure that he prepare a proclamation strictly forbidding 

the King's subjects from going to serve in foreign parts as soldiers, 

and bring it to the Conncil next Wednesday. [I'rervdnile 1, 

/■• 66.] 

May 9. Warrant for a grant to John Harris, his heirs and assigns, of the 

WhiiehAll. ofiGce of Chafewax in Chancery with the fee of 2Jrf. i>er diem, and an 
annuity of 8(iO/. for providing the necessary wax, for the li\'eH of 
his sons John and Thomas, in reversion after Stephen Chase, the 
father, and Stephen Chase, his son, who are in possession of the 
said office for their hves and the life of the sun^ivor. [2J patfee. 
Ibid. f. 70.] 

May 10. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day. The 
House being in Committee, the second part of the declaration in 
the bill for the Test was read, viz.. Or against those that ai^e com- 
missioned by him in pursuance of such commission, and after 
some time spent in debate it was agreed to be thus worded : — 
Or against those that are commissioned by him according to law 
in time of rebellion or war, acting in pursuance of such commissions: 
The Declaration being rtnished it was proposed that the oath might 
run. thus: — I, A.B., swear that 1 will not endeavour to subvert 
the Protestant religion now established in the Church of England, 
noF to subvert the government either in Church or State. The 
further consideration thereof was adjourned till Wednesday 
morning. 

The bill to prevent frauds and perjuries reported and ordered to 
be engrossed. 

The Test as now agreed on : — I, A.B., do declare that it is 
not lawful on any pretence whatever to take arms against the 
King, and that I do abhor that traitorous position of taking arms 
by his authority against his person or against those that are 
commissioned by him according to law in time of rebellion or war, 
acting in pursuance of such commissions, and also take the oath 
following. (SfC the SintU lieport of the Histoiieal MSS. Comiimgiort, 
Part II., }>p. 51, 52.) [S.P. Dow., Car. II. 870, No. 138.] 

May 10. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Cummims' Journals, i'ol, I\., p, 834, 
except that it is added that the Committee on the consideration of 
his Majesty's answer concerning the recall of his subjects from the 
French service came to no resolve, [7'mo copies. Ibid. Nog. 139, 
140.] 

May 10. Request by Secretary Coventry that a caveat may be entered in 

v\ hitehJl. Secretary Williamson's office that no grant of the Cursitor Baron's 

place be passed or offered for the King's signature to the prejudice 

of Mr. Justice Crawley, to whom his Majesty has promised it, when 

void, llbid. No. 1411] 



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CHARLES 11. ns 

1675. 
May 10. T. Aalaby to Williamson. Last night anchored in this bay above 
BndliDgtoD. too light ships for Newcastle and Sunderland, and this morning 

they loosed and are standing away to the North, the wind being 

W.S.W. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 142.] 

May T. B, to . I have writ twice to you since I saw you, since 

9 2 ^ 10. this term began, wherein I gave you all the account of the particu- 
lars of your business that I was capable of, and have endeavoured 
faithfully and diligently to serve you. As to news here, there are 
many strange discourses. Some say there is a sermon about some 
things said to be preached before the H[ouse] of Co[mmons]. The 
text 1 Cor. vi, pan of the 19th and 20th verses. 'Tis in manuscript, 
but as yet not come to my hands. Some talk much of many of 
them after the manner of the text. Much there is said about the 
Test Lathe rdal 

T 3 8 t and about L[ord] L2t73rd21 and many other things. 
I was to see you several times, but could not have opportunity, but 
as to your business (in the main) you shall find me your real friend. 
I entreat you to send me word whether you had this and two others 
not long before. [Jfctrf. No. 143.] 

May 10. Additional instructions from the Duke of Monmouth to Col. 
WhiteluJl. Scott. 

1. You shall enjoin the officers in England to repair to their 
respective commands, and, if any ofQeer neglect to join the 
regiment within a month after this date, he shall be cashiered, unless 
be be excusable by sickness or absent upon pass, and I hereby give 
you power to place others in the room of those that fail of their 
duty. 

2. I hereby give you power to fill up whatever lieutenants' or 
ensigns' places shall fall vacant after your arrival at the regiment, 
with the persons you think most deserving, anything in my former 
instructions to the contrary notwithstanding, but in the vacancies 
of my captains you are to accept my nomination of the person to 
succeed. [S.2'. Dom., Entry Booh 41, p. 34.] 

May 10. Caveat that no pardon pass to Mr. Banister for kilhng Mr, 
Slaughter till Sir Thomas Slaughter has notice. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 45, p. 9.] 

May 10. Confirmation of all the charters of the borough of Fontefract, with 
Whiubkll. the additions mentioned in the paper annexed, being those 

calendared ante, p. 97. Minute. [Home Ofiice, Warrant Book 1, 

p. GO.] 

May. Warrant for the above grant and confirmation. Draft, [S.P. 

Whtteh.!!. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 144.] Annexed, 

PriviXeget to he imerted in the new charter, being tkoie 
calendared ante, p. 97. [Ibid. No. 144 1.] 

May 10. Warrant to the Treasurer of the Chamber to pay Nicholas 
Whitehall Staggins, Master of the Music, 100/. a year, to commence from 

Midsummer 1673, without account, for such uses as the King shall 

direct. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 61.] 



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DOireSTlC STATE PAPERS. 



1676. 
May 10. 



The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. Renewing the 
command to them in his letter of 16 July, 1674, not to BufFer any 
men to be levied in or transported from Scotland into any foreign 
service without his special- licence. [S-P. Scotland, ll'arrant 
Book 3, p. 236.] 

May 10. Susanna Durham to Williamson. The great kindness my 
Dulititi. husband, Major James Durham, and I had from my near kinsman. 
Sir E. Nicholas, and by your assistance at hiB desire in 1660 and 1661. 
viz., his Majesty's letter of 17 Sept., 1660, to Lord Robartes, then 
intended Lord Deputy, for a foot company to my husband, but, that 
Lord not then coming over, that letter proved ineffectual, all 
troops and companies being then soon disposed of, and afterwards 
that of 22 June, 1661, for him to be muster-master general of all 
the trained bands, &c., in Munster and Connaught, which, meeting 
with some opposition here, my husband waived, and was at the 
charges of a patent for the first company that should fall, but being 
wearied out accepted a lieutenant's place which he held till 1672, 
when his company with many others was disbanded ; yet the Lord 
Lieutenant ordered him with two privates out of each company in 
Leinster and Ulster to take charge of the island of Innis Boffin and 
the tort there ; the like favour was not granted to any that were 
disbanded. And, because he was not a commissioned officer, and 
so not payable by the establishment, he was paid out of the 
concordatuim till Nov. last, when his Excellency ordered an entire 
company to repair thither, and the commanded men under him to 
repair to their respective companies. I therefore as a relation humbly 
request you to prevent my coming over to trouble you by procuring 
his Majesty's letter on my husband's behalf for a foot company, 
and that you will effectually recommend it to Secretary Harbord, 
who is now there. If necessary, you may find several certificates 
&c., annexed to petitions, when we had those letters. If you see 
Lord Henry O'Brien, under whom my husband had command, I 
doubt not ol his assistance. {S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 335, No. 161.] 

May 11. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day, which 
appear from iMrds' Journals, Viil. XII., p. 687, except as follows ; — 
The House being in a Committee, the next head, concerning the 
eldest sons of peers of the Romish religion to be bred up in the 
Protestant religion during their fathers' lives, is read and postponed. 
Then the next head, viz., to take care of the education of such 
children in the Protestant religion, whose fathers are dead and were 
of the Romish religion, is read and agreed to. [Three copiet, 
S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xos. 146-147.] 

May 11. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 334. [Two 
copies. Ibid. Xos. 148, 149.] 



No news. Wind S.W. [Ibid. 



Richard Potts to Williamson. 
Xo. 150.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. About 6 this morning came in one 
of our packet-boats, by which I received this account, the verity 



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whereof I dare not engage for. The King of Sweden has declared 
vr&T against the Hollanders, which makes no small discontent 
among them, yet others there encourage themselves with their 
confidence that the King of Denmark will declare against Sweden, 
and thereby divert his army from coming towards them. The 
Elector of Brandenburg left the Hague last Wednesday, and it was 
said the Prince of Orange intended to set out last Saturday 
towards Brabant. Dissension amongst the English officers in the 
Dutch service increases very much, articling and impeaching one 
another, so that the States have had more trouble with them, as it 
is said they themselves complain, than with all their land forces 
besides. One belonging to my Lord Ambassador Temple coming 
over also in this packet-boat reported also, as I am informed, that 
Ave or six English soldiers in the Dutch service were by a council 
of war condemned to be shot to death, but my Lord Ambassador 

froeured the execution to be deferred, the Prince being absent. 
S.P. !).,»,., Car. II. 370, So. 151.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson, I have delivered your packets for 
the consuls of Algiers and Tripoli to Capt. John Temple, commander 
of the Dartmouth frigate, bound for Leghorn the first wind. Little 
wind at S.W, [Ihid. Xo. 152,] 



Wind W, No news, [Ibid. 



May 11. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. 

Portamonlb. A'o. 153.] 

May 11. A, Goodyeare to Williamson. But one ship arrived since my 
FlTiQoiith. last, the Prosperous of Weymouth from Briack (St. Brieue) in France, 
with rye for Plymouth, [IbUl. No. 154-] 

May 11. Warrant for a pardon to Thomas, son of Thomas Lewis, who 

Whitehall, iiaa gone to settle in Jamaica, for killing William Aston, another 

young passenger, in a duel, when the ship touched at Barbados, 

for which he is condemned but reprieved till the King's pleasure be 

known. {S.P. Dom., Enirt/ Booh 28, /. 183.] 

May 11. Sir J. Williamson to Dr. Smith. Besides my ancient obligations 
Whiieball. to the House of Northumberland, who have in many occasions 
couut«nanced me and my relations, I am so particularly a servant 
to Mr. Gee, a person principally employed in the affairs of that 
family, that I owe him all the little interest I have in my friends 
to serve him. He has now the interest and recommendation of 
that family to the vacant burgess-ship of Cockermouth, and I must 
beg your assistance to him, as far as it properly comes in vour way. 
[«.P. Dom., Eiiirij Book 43, p. 88.] 

May 11. On the petition of Thomas Fisher, reference to the Justices of 

Whitehall. Cumberland, where he was born and has since lived, to inquire into 

his merit and to find out a way to settle some small pension on him 

proportionable to his wants and to what the county can bear. 

IS.P. Dom., E»lr>/ Book 46, p. 24.] 

May 11. The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. After reciting that 

WhiteWl. the Duke and Duchess of Buccleugh and Monmouth have sustained 

great prejudice and devastation in their estate in the south of 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



May 12. 



Scotland by the depauperation of their tenants by reason of the 
great and extraordinary storm last year, whereby the greater part 
of the cattle belonging to them was lost, so that a very considerable 
part of that estate remains yet waste and anpossessed, and little or 
no rent can be expected till the respective rooms be anew stocked 
with cattle, in regard the same for the most part consist of grazing 
and store rooms, and that the Duke and Duchess had applied for 
licence to import from Ireland horses not exceeding 200, and 
nolt, consisting of oxen, cows and stirks not exceeding 4,800, to be 
divided amongst the respective tenants and rooms of the said lands, 
authorizing them to grant such a licence as is desired, provided 
that the Duke give account from time to time of the goods so 
imported, and find sufficient caution that none of the said cattle be 
sold or transported into England or be applied for any other use 
but stocking the said lands, the licence to be for one year and no 
longer. [SJ paget. S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 3, p. 237.] 

The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury and Exchequer 
in Scotland. Directing that the signature in favour of John 
Drummond, of Lundie, for changing the lands therein-mentioned 
from simple ward to taxt ward be passed, and that the taxt duties 
to be inserted in the blanks of the said signature be filled up 
according to the retoured duties of the said lands. {_Ibid. p. 239.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. After reciting the clause in 
the Act of Explanation whereby SO.OOOi. was granted in lieu of the 
lapsed moneys, and, after payment of 3,000/. thereout to Richard 
Stratford, of London, the residue, 27,000^,, was to be paid to such 
persons and to such uses as the said lapsed moneys or the lands to 
be set out in satisfaction of the same were or ought to have been 
granted in pursuance of his Majesty's letters of 10, 11 or 12 Feb., 
1662[-8], and that by the said letter of 11 Feb. one-third share of the 
said lapsed moneys and of the lands, &c., to be set out in satisfaction 
thereof, to be divided into throe equal parts, was granted to Sir 
Edward Nicholas, late Secretary of State, and to Sir William Morice 
and Sir Henry Bennet, now Earl of Arlington, then the Secretaries of 
State, and that the said Earl, Sir John Nicholas, heir of the said 
Sir Edward, and the said Sir W. Morice have represented that no 
lands were ever set out in pursuance of the said letter in satisfaction 
of the said lapsed moneys, nor can be now set out in consequence 
of the above recited clause, and that the said 80,000/. has never been 
assessed on the lauds liable thereto, having regard to several 
directions given for the speedy assessintr and raising of the said 
80,000/., warrant for payment to the said Earl of Arlington, Sir 
John Nicholas and Sir William Morice of the said 9,000/. out of the 
first moneys levied of the said 30,000/. immediately after the 9,000{. 
already directed to be paid out of the said fund to the Earl of 
Orrery. [3^ p(^e$. S.P. Dom., Signet Ogke, Vol. 9, p. 808.] 

Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day. 
They sat till 9 at night in a Grand Committee about the bill for the 
Test, and at last agreed it should be thus : — I, A.B., do swear that 
I will not endeavour to alter the Protestant religion, as it is now by 
law established in the Church of England. 



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CHABLE8 II. 



1675. 
Ha; 12. 
May 12. 



[1675?] 
[May?T 



1675. 
Ma; 12. 



They sent down a bill for the prevention of frauds and perjurieB. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xo. 155.] 

JoDrnal of tlie proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 935. 
[Ibid. No. 156.] 

Certificaie of the ofiGcers of the Swan that two French men-of-war 
whom they fell in with near Saleombe that day refused to strike 
the flag to them, though told that it was the duty of all shipa 
to do BO in those seas, saying they had no orders to strike to any 
ship whatsoever, and when shot at, tacked about and got away. 
[Ibid. No. 157.] 

Arguments against the reasonableneBS of the demand made by 
Mr. Griffin, minister of the Hamburg Company at Hamburg, for 
permission to remove to the Secretary's house. The former minister, 
Mr. Elborough, was only allowed to live in the Secretary's house, 
because it happened to be empty, the then Secretary having a dwelling 
of his own there, and, when Mr. Elborough left in 1666, the Court 
ordered their present Secretary to remove into it. Mr. GriE&n, not 
liking the house usually occupied by the minister, hired another, and 
the Company were civil enough to pay the rent, but they hope not to 
be interfered with in the disposal of their houses. {^Ibid. No. 158.] 

Sir J. Williamson to Mr. Griffin. I should have returned you 
early my thanks for your letter, had I not reserved myself for the 
opportunity of this hand. I have begged Sir W. Swan to assure 
you of my very hearty service on all occasions, and particularly in 
that of your house, which I intend to take the first occasion to 
speak with Sir Richard Ford about. I am sorry to find things are 
not in some better order in your Company on that side. I am sure 
that, as on the one hand, I shall ever be most ready to serve the 
Company in all its concerns, so far as it is my part, I will 
endeavour to mind them of what is theirs, and to bring things to 
order and rule, and I hope Sir W. Swan will contribute to it what 
depends on him. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 48, p. 39.] 

Caveat, that no grant pass of any fine of 500/. imposed on Giles 
Bland in Virginia for some quarrel with the Secretary of the 
Council there. {S.P. Horn., Entry Book 45, p. 10.] 

wi/^'^H* Approbation by the King of the election of Thomas Crumpe, 
Whitehall, barrister, to be town-clerk of Ludlow, in the place of Thomas Jones, 
deceased. {^Precedents 1, ''. 67.] 

May 18. Sir Leoline Jenkins to [Williamson]. Has delayed the two 
reports enclosed, becauBe, bdth cases being of a very nice speculation, 
he wished to have exact information from the officers in Dover and 
Torbay. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 159.] Annexed, 

Report on th^ cote of the Postilion of Cadiz, a Dutch ship laden 
with Spanish wines, which being at anchor in Torbay, wot 
there captured by French men-of-war within musket shot of the 
shore, in spite oj a signal of the King's protection, and her 



May 12. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



rcsliliitUm itas refnecd when demanded by the Deputy rice- 
Admiral. Thi* is a violation of that iierurit)f and pwtertion 
ithitli by till- lair oj' iiationx all jiarties in war uui/lit to snj^vr 
vaeii other to rnjoy in the Kinif'e portK ; reparation is viost 
justly due to hi« Majesty, n-hieli eanuot be reputed j'idl and 
satisfactory nnless the ship and ynods be restored, or their full 
equivalent ivith damaijes. The affront to authority must _/i ret 
be exjnated and then the loss to tite imrty violated be fully made 
up. 12 May. {_S.P. Dom., Car. 11. S70, So. 169i.] 

Holy l>i'. Thomas TuJlie to Willinmson. Expressing his sense o! hie 

Thursday, obligations to him, siugliug out from the rest of his noble kindnesses, 
[May 13.] that which made Williamson unkind (he had almost »aid unnatural) 
to himself. [Ibid. So. 160] 

May 13. Silas Taylor to Williamson. The wind has been easterly these 

Harwich, two days, by which we hourly expected the return of one of our 

packet-boats, but it has not come, so we are destitute of news. 

\ibid. So. iiii.] 

May is. John Beading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and depar- 

DoTtr. ture of packet-boats and mails. The Nieuport boat has again 

landed the mail and passengers in the Dowiis, though they had 

very good weather to bring them into this harbour. [Ibid. So. 162.] 

May 13. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. Tuesday morning 

Porumoutb. o£E the Isle of Wight many great guns were heard to go off disorderly, 

and some broadsides. They left off about 10. We suppose either 

some Ostend or Dutch man-of-war met with a French man-of-war. 

\_[bid. So. 163.] 

May 18. Hugh Acland to Williamson. Has been prevented from writing 
Truro. lately by a violent distemper he has had. Wind N.W. \Ibid. 

50. 164.] 

May 14. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lords' Journals, t'ol. Xll., }>. 691, and Conmotu' 
Jountals, y'ol. IX., p. 336. [i'Vmr copies of the former and two of 
the latter. Ibid. Sos. 165-170.] 

May 14. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. 'Tis reported here by one Ailia, 

PijmoDth. master of a small vessel, that 3 or 4 leagues off he met with two 

French men-of-war, who Hred at him, boarded him, and took away . 

51. in money, and pillaged t^vo packets of cloth. The Swan 
frigate met these same men-of-war (as is supposed) who refused, 
when he bade them strike, unless he would first do the same, 
whereupon he fired at them and chased them, but they being too 
nimble escaped. Enclosed is a list of ships arrived since my last. 
[Hid. So. 171.] Knelosed, 

Probably the >iaid list. (The date is lorn off.) [Ibid. So. 171 1.] 

May 14. The King to the Commissioners tor rebuilding St. Paul's Cathedral. 

Whitohall. Being informed that a portion of the imiKtsition laid upon coals, 
which by Act of Parliament is set apart for rebuilding St. Paul's, 
amounts to a considerable sum, enough to begin the work, and with 



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CHARLES 11. 



May 14. 

Whitehall. 



the materials and assistances which may be expected will put a new 
quire in great forwardness, and having out of divers designs presented 
chosen one, "very artificial, proper, and useful" which is so ordered, 
that it may be built in parts; signifying his royal approbation of 
the said design and requiring them to proceed forthwith according 
to that design, beginning with the East end or quire. [S.P. Doin., 
Entry Book %l,f. 68.] 

Instalment of the first fruits of the Bishopric of Chichester, 
amounting to 609/. 7s. l^iV., to Ralph Brideoke, D.D., elected and 
confirmed Bishop of that see, to be paid in four years by equal 
portions, the first to be made at Lady Day next. Minute. \S.P. 
Dom., Entry Book 47, p. 7.] 

May 14. Thomas Burrowes to Williamson. I have had no news the last 

Kinnle. three or four posts. To-night came in the Mary of Weymouth from 

Virginia, homeward bound. \_S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 385, No. 162.] 

May 14. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Transmitting a copy of the 
Whitehall, petition of Capt. William Hamilton and James Hamilton, his son, 
setting forth that the first petitioner served the late King faithfully 
in the troubles in Ireland and was frequently imprisoned by the 
late usurpers, and praying that the lands of the two towns of Bally- 
dargans and other lands and the Lough called Innice Lough Cullen 
in CO. Down belonging to him be created into a manor to be called 
the manor of Hamilton's Hill, and that the lands of Tollymore and 
other lands in the said county, belonging to the petitioner James, be 
created into a manor to be called the manor of Tollymore, and for a 
grant of two fairs yearly in the premises, and directing that, if he 
finds the two manors may be created without prejudice to the 
King's service or to other men's interest, to give orders for creating 
the same accordingly and for holding the two fairs. Subjoined is a 
copy of the petition. [IJ page. S.P- Dom., Signet Office Vol. 9, 
,. 311.] 

May 16. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day, which 
fully appear from Lordv' Jminiah, Vol. XII., p. 693, except as 
follows : — Then being in a Committee upon beads for the bill for 
securing the Protestant religion, this head was read, that core be 
taken against the perverters and perverted from the Protestant 
religion, as it is now established in the Church of England, and 
agreed that as to the perverters the law may stand as it is, but the 
rigour of it to be taken off, if they abjure the realm, that there he 
an addition of pecuniary penalties put on the perverted, and that 
without reference to former laws, and a sub-committee to specify 
the penalties. Agreed also, that provision may be made for such 
poor Roman Catholics as will become Protestants, and that a stock 
may be erected and maintained for buying in impropriations for the 
better maintenance of worthy ministers in great towns. [Three 
copUt. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, Xos. 172-174.] 



May IS. 



Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 387. [7'wo 
copies. Ibid. Xos. 176, 176.] 



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DOMESTIC! STATE PAPERS. 



1676. 
May 15. 

Luclgate. 



AV. Middelton to Williamson. Praying him to excuse his impor- 
tunity, for his great and urgent necessity forces him to it. The 
Prince has promised to do anything in hiB power for him, if his 
Honour would go to him. [S.P. Ihm., Car. 11. 370, JS'o. 177.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. This morning came in one of our 
paeket-boata by whom I received this account. The Prince of 
Orange is encamped not far from Charleroi, which troubles the 
Hollanders, saying they pay such sore taxes for the main- 
tenance of an army, who are like to spend it all in the Spanish 
dominions. The Swedish war, it's said, goes on, but 'tis not yet 
certainly known how the Dane stands affected, but he is generally 
believed' to be most inclinable to that state, who seem not much to 
matter his making himself a party against the Swede, so that he 
would continue neutral, and witli his ships serve them with corn. 
From the Brill they say there were, 22 May N.S., five men-of-war 
going out to secure their homeward-hound East India men, 3 from 
Amsterdam, one from Zealand, and Brackell in the Zecdandia, a 
ship of 44 guns from the Maes. They complain trading is very dead 
there, the little that is kept up is for the most part by the English. 
{Ilnd. No. 178.] 

Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. This morning came in two 
boats, one from Guernsey, the other from Jersey. In the latter 
came Sir T. Morgan's secretary, who tells us Sir Thomas' second 
sou died this day fortnight being about 22. [Ibid. No. 179.] 

Dispensation to William Payne, High Sheriff of Hampshire, to 
live out of his county, [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 42, p. 15.] 

Caveat at the desire of Secretary Coventry that no grant pass of 
the Cursitor Baron's place in the Exchequer to the prejudice of Mr. 
Justice Crawley, to whom the King has promised it on the first 
vacancy. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 10.] 

May 16. John Malet to Williamson. Entreating his favour on behalf of 
William Carslake, who is very sick, and at great charge to the 
messenger, to whom he was committed, and who is very sorry for 
his offence, that, if possible, he might be discharged that afternoon, 
his grief and sickness rendering him very likely to die. \_S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 370, No. 180.] 

May 16. Richard Watts to Williamson. Last Friday arrived here in one 
**'■ of his Majesty's yachts young Taflaletta from London. He went 
to-day OQ board the Swallom, and is now weighing anchor and 
ready to sail for Tangier. Yesterday he was on shore and rode 
through Deal two or three times. Our sailors tell me the 
captain of the yacht demanded money of him, at which he was 
much discontented. Your Algiers and Tripoli packets I sent by 
Capt. Temple. A very lofty gale at N.E., with some welcome rain. 
\Jhid. No. 181.] 

May 16. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Witid E.N.E- Last night came 
"to Spithead the Dartmouth, Capt. Trevanion, bound for the guard 



May IB. 

Wejnionth 



May 15. 



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of Ireland, and in company a ship from the Thames with great 
masts for his MaieBty'a ships here. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 870, 
No. 182.] 

May 16. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. No news. In his last was a list of 
PlyuKmih. the ships there. [Ibid. No. 183.] 

[May?] 16. J. B. to. . About the 10th (see ante, p. 118) I sent ^ou an 

account of some things about your business this term, and directed 
it, as you desired, to Mr. John Holford, and sent it by the post. I 
desire you to send me word whether you received it, or whether 
anything may come that way safely to you, and, if it may, I can 
the more frequently send. 

Postscript. — There is some strange and dangerons discourse about 
some things relating to your business, of which I shall make a more 
full inquiry after the circumstances to the utmost of my abihty, 
and come and give you a full account ont, as soon as possible. 
[Ibid. No. 184.] 

May 17. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lords' Joumah, Vol. XII., p. 694, and Commons' 
Journals, Vol. IX., p. 339. [Three copies of the forvter and tuo of 
the latter. Ibid. Noa. 185-18971 

May 17. Dr, J. Fell to Williamson. The bearer, Mr. Wood, who has spent 
much time and pains in the service of the University is informed 
that Mr. Riley, the under-keeper of the records of the Tower, is in a 
languishing condition and not likely to survive. The employment 
suits Mr. Wood's way of study and inclination, bo he would think 
himself competently provided for, if he might succeed thereto. He 
earnestly desires your patronage, to wluch on account of the 
University I take confidence to recommend him. [Ibid. No. 190'] 

May 17. Richard Watts to Williamson. Last post I acquainted you that 
'*'*'" the royal Moor, TafiFaletta, was then ready to sail, but they 
anchored again, and about 4 this morning the Swallow weighed 
and sailed for Algiers, the wind N.E., more than a topsail gale. 
Last week a French man-of-war boarded and took a ship belonging 
to and bound for Belfast near Carrickfergus, in which were four or 
five Deal men, and some Irish, but all were imprisoned in France. 
God has given us comfortable showers after a great drought, 
iuaomuch that at many places near this, though the ground was 
ploughed to sow barley, it was so hard they durst not commit their 
seed to it, because the harrows could not break the clods. Some 
say the Belfast ship was a Loonedroger, and not a right Irishman. 
More than a topsail gale, wind N.E. [Ibid. No. 191.] 

Mav 17. Francis Bellott to WiHiamson. Saturday morning, the wind 
Pendennii. being high E., and yesterday came in here 70 or 80 sail, all from 
France, and some others. They met off this on Friday a French 
man-of-war, which hailed most of them, and fired on some to come 
under his lee, and would have made them pay for the shot, but they 
refused and so parted. He fired under Dutch colours. Many 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPER8. 



more are now before this place, which miiBt come in, it the wind 
continiien due E. They talk of much murmuringa ami commotions 
in many parts of France. [S.P. Ih.m., Car. 11. 370, .V-). '"■'"^ 



. 19-2.] 



May 17. Thomas Holclen to WilliamBon. The 14th and 15th about 60 
FotmoDth. merchantmen, all English, from Bordeaux and Rochelle came in 
here. Those from Bordeaux report that the people there and in 
other places thereabouts are not satished with the great taxes that 
king is laying upon them, contrary to their privileges. Those from 
Rochelle and St. Martin's say that at Rochefort and Brest several 
men-of-war are fitting to joui with the Swedes. In this bay this 
fleet met a French man-of-war of 3(J guns. She was seen with Dutch 
colours from the laud, and Bome say that she shot under them, but, 
true it is, she shot at several English and made them come by the 
lee, and come on board, and would make them confess what ehips 
were hound for Holland, or else they must pay 6fl. for the shot. 
The Vnilji, of Weymouth, that came from St. Martin's, met a caper 
off Ushant, who told him that he and two more capers of small force 
being together were chased by three Turks men-of-war, as they 
believed, for they were black ships and had no galleries. A small 
vessel from Cadiz says 15 more came out in his company with the 
lines frigate. They report that there is war with Tripoli and that 
several Sallee men-of-war are abroad on that coast. \_Ibid. No. 193.] 

May 17. The King to the Master and Fellows of Emmanuel College, 
Whitehall. Cambridge. Granting a dispensation from the statute which 
requires that only one [lerson from any particular county should be 
fellow at the same time, in favour of Joshua Ratcliffe, senior B.A., 
and scholar of their house, in case they find him on examination 
worthy of a fellowship. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 27, /. 69.] 

May 17. Secretary Coventry to the Attorney-General. Signifying his 
Whitehall. Majesty's pleasure that he prepare a proclamation commanding the 
immediate return of all the King's subjects who have gone into the 
French service since the peace with the States General, and further 
that none other of his subjects go hereafter into the said service. 
[Precedents I,/. 69.] 

[Before Case of Sir Henry Thompson. At the York election 10 Nov., 
May 18.] 1678, Sir Henry had above 1,100 votes on a fair poll, and these 
were the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, Common Council, and citizens 
of the best quality, and he might have had many more who were 
ready to poll, but he spared them the trouble as needless. He was 
elected, and singly returned by the sheriffs, by virtue whereof he 
bits in the House. 

Sir John Hewley had not 000 votes, many whereof were no 
freemen and were challenged for undue polling, and, of those that 
had the right of election, not above 32 were of that consideration 
as to be OBseBsed to the poor rate and most of the rest were 
apprentices and youthe under 20 and soldiers hired to take their 
freedom two or three days before the election and to vote for him. 

Notwithstanding, Sir John has petitioned against Sir Henry's 
election, and the cause is to he heard before the Committee of 
Privileges, 18 May, 1675. [Printed. S.l'. Dom., Car. II. 370, 
yo. 194.] 



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1675. 
May 18. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 

appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XIL, p. 696, and Comntons' 
Journals, Vol. IX.. p. 340. iTkree copies of the latter. S.F. Dorn. 
Car. II. 870, Xos. 195-197.] 

May 18. Williaiii Griffith to Williamson. Bepreseiiting that the Quare 
Impedit having been brought last term against the Bishop of 
London in defence of hia Majesty's right of presentation to the 
rectory of Orsett, Essex, and Mr. Sowton's presentation, to whom 
his Majesty has granted it, being stopped at the Signet Office by 
virtue of the careat there entered by liis Honour on Mr. Latham's 
behalf, if the said presentation pass not the Privy Seal to-morrow, 
it cannot afterwards till 2 June (there being not another seal till 
then) and, the next term beginning on the 4th, it is very doubtful 
whether there may be a Great Seal between, and, if a iwn disturbavit 
be next term pleaded on the Bishop's side in regard no presentee 
from tlie King hau been yet olfered him, his Majesty's title in all 
probability is like to suffer very much, and submitting to his judg- 
ment the taking off of the careat, that so the presentation may go 
forward at the Privy Seal to-morrow. [/Wrf. Xo. 198.] 

May 18. The Earl of Carlisle to Williamson, I formerly moved the King 
on belialf of a Mr. Tm-ner tor a prebend ot Worcester, and two or 
three days ago reminded him of it, who remembered his promise, 
and ordered me to give you notice of it, to prevent any other and to 
secure the prebend for Mr. Turner on the first vacancy, [/did. 
Xo. 199.] 

May 18. Richard Potts to Williamson. Last Sunday arrived here two 
stooWon. vessels laden with corn from the East. Wind N.B. [Ibid. No. 
200.] 

May 18. Silas Taylor to Williamson. By one of oui- packet-boats which 
Hnririob. arrived here last Sunday, we are informed that the Prince of Orange 
set forth towards his army the Sunday before, and was to meet 
them about Bergen-op- Zoom. 

On Siuiday a strong easterly wind drove back one of our packet- 
boats, which had sailed hence the night before, but they sailed 
again yester morning. The weather is fair, but the wuid still in 
the same corner. [Ibid. Xo. 201.] 

May 18. Thomas Langley to Williamson. I am now taking the examination 
Usrwioh. of two masters, one of Bremen, and another of Frederickstatt in 
Holstein, which were both plundered near Albrouh (? Aldeburgh), 
and lie ot Bremen, is, as the master reports, plundered to the value 
of 2,000i. of merchants' goods, besides the goods of the ship. 
The vessel that plundered them is, as they report, an English buUt 
i^mack and manned with most English, but they think some few 
are Flemings and two or three French, and, after the privateer had 
taken them at sea, he carried the Bremener into Albrouh Haven 
and there plundered him in the River. The privateer had not one 
gun and was of about 30 tons. The master knows not the captain's 
name that took him, but says he met some of his goods on horse- 
back in Suffolk as he came hither. [Ibid. Xo. 202.] 



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1676. 
May 18. 

Portnuoath. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Hugh Salesbnry to Williamson. Wind W. In my last I advised 
that the Dartmnuth frigate was come to Spithead, but it is the 
Sjiragg frigate put in here for a boat, having lost theirs in foul 
weather. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 370, A'o. 203.] 



May 18. 

Pljmouth. 



A. Goodyeare to Williamson. 
[Ibid. Xo. 204.] Enclosed, 

The said list. [Ibid. A'>. 20' 



Enclosing list of ships arrived. 

■•] 

May 18. Commissions for George Combley to be lieutenant, and 

Sheldon to be ensign in the Lieut.-Governor, Capt. William 
Sheldon's, company of foot in the Isle of Guernsey. Minutes. 
[S.P. Dom., Entty Book 29, p. 181.] 

May 18. The Duke of Monmouth to . M. Lockhart having 

Whitobhll. informed me that he has placed in your hands 14,546 Unres 15 sols of 
the King's money to be paid to my order, I beg you to send me bills 
of exchange here in England for 3,502 /irres which I wish to be paid 
to the officers of my regiment to whom the same is due, and to keep 
the rest till further order. [FrencK S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, 
p. 35-3 



May 18. 



May 18. 
WU&luU. 



[Before 
Ma 



Caveat that nothing pass of the grant of a prebend's place in 
Westminster till the Duke of Ormonde have notice, the King having 
promised the same to his Grace's chaplain. Dr. William Asheton. 
IS.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 10.] 

On the petition of Anthony Gylby, praying a grant in reversion to 
him and his heirs of a piece of waste ground called the Surekle in 
the Humber, whereof he has already a lease for 81 years, recom- 
mendation to the Lord Treasurer for passing such a grant thereof 
imder such rents or other tenure as his Lordship shall think fit. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 24.] 

The case between Col. Robert Werden and William Williams 
ray 19?] concerning the Chester election. Mr. Williams engaged, if chosen, 
to discharge a debt of 401. the city owed to the King, and also 
promised to lend the corporation 500i, for 7 years gratis and to 
spend his estate amongst them, and, having prevailed with the 
mayor and sheriffs to promise him their votes, he caused some 
hundreds of the freemen's oath to be printed and dispersed about 
the city, by which he pretended and asserted as law that all freemen 
were obliged to give their votes as the Mayor did, threatening, as he 
was Recorder, to procure that all that should vote against him should 
be disfranchised, and menacing all the handicraft freemen that, if 
they voted for Col. Werden, he would make foreign workmen free of 
the city, adding that whoever voted against hira should be loaded with 
taxes, &a., without any relief while he was Recorder. 

Mr. Williams, finding by the first day's polling that he was much 
short of Colonel Werden prevailed with the sheriffs to adjourn the 
poll for three days together, employing the interval in making 
several freemen who had promised him their voices, though capaci- 
tated neither by age nor time, and refusing the freedom to others 
who were every way capable, apprehending they would vote for Col. 
Werden. 



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CHARLES n. 126 

1675. 

After three days' polling, proclamation being duly made and no 
more voices appearing, tlie sheriffs, who had both voted against 
Col. Werden, numbered the poll, and finding (!ol. Warden had 
50 voices more than Mr. Williams declared themselves satisfied that 
he was duly chosen, and accordingly an indenture was drawn for 
returning him and signed and sealed by Sheriff Manwareing, but 
refused by Sheriff Critchley on no ground but that he said he had 
promised not to seal it, but he was abundantly satisfied that Col. 
Werden was fairly elected. 

Mr, Williams now pretends that the inhabitants not free of the 
city have no voices, but that the right of election is only in the 
freemen, and he, having 17 freemen more than Col. Werden, alleges 
he is legally elected, and ought to be returned. 

It is answered, that 12 of Mr. Williams' number were polled for 
freemen, being not so, and 14 of them were made free after the 
election began, being incapable of it ; and, supposing he had the 
greater number of freemen, yet the usage of the place, which must 
expound the right of election, has been always in the inhabitants as 
well as the freemen; the last burgesses were so chosen, and all 
elections in the memory of man have been by the scot and lot 
inhabitants and freemen promiscuously, and were never questioned 
till Mr. Williams found himself reduced to the necessity of making it 
a question. {See Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., pp. 342, 346.) [S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 206.] 

May 19. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which 
fully appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 698, and 
Commons' JoumaU, Vol. IX., p. 841. [Three copies oj the 
proceedings in the Lords and two of those in the Commons. Ibid. 
Nos. 206-210.] 

May 19. Order in Council on the petition of George Baron and others, laders, 
Wbit«luU. and Abraham and Francis Jaggard, owners, of the John and Sarah, 
which set forth that the said ship on her voyage from Bilboa to Ham- 
burg was seized 4 Oct. last by a French privateer and carried into 
Rochelle, merely for want of a seabrief, though she was English built, 
wore an English flag and was navigated by Englishmen ; that, not- 
withstanding the said ship and goods wholly belong to the petitioners, 
the CoQDcil of State at Paris have proceeded in the condemnation 
of the said ship and goods on grounds altogether slight and illegal, 
and have imprisoned the master and a passenger in the common 
gaol, and threaten to try them for their lives as criminals ; 
and prayed that the said ship and goods be restored and the 
master and passenger released ; that Secretary Williamson 
prepare a letter for his Majesty's signature recommending the 
petitioners' case to Sir W, Lockhart, Ambassador in France, that 
he may demand restitution of the said ship and goods and the 
enlargement of the said master and passenger. {_Ibid. No. 211.] 

May 19. Order in Council on the petition of William Strangh, citizen and 

WbitduU. merchant of London, which set forth that, whereas he had attached 

and arrested at Amsterdam goods to the value of 1,6002. in part of 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



a debt of 4,700^ due from Alexander Waddal, a declared and 
fugitive bankrupt of Sweden, and whereas in further pursuit of him 
the petitioner went from London to Copenhagen in 1673, where he 
was informed the said Waddal coloured more goods under Danish 
names and pretensions to defraud his creditors, the petitioner was 
by a malicious combination of his bankrupt debtor and some Danish 
subjects imprisoned oloselj" and barbarously on pretence of a trans- 
port of the said money and goods to them, though made (if at all, 
yet illegally) S'months after the arrest granted by the judicatory of 
Amsterdam in the petitioner's behalf, a very unjust sentence being 
passed against him in order to force him to relinquish his arrest of 
Waddal's goods at Amsterdam, and prayed his Majesty's letter to 
the King of Denmark for the rehearing of his case : that Secretary 
Williamson prepare a letter (or the King's signature recommending 
the petitioner's case as prayed. IS.P. Dimi., Car. II. 370, No. 212.] 

May 19. Order in Council on the petition of Robert Yate, Thomas Earle, 
Whitehall, and Robert Henley, merchants of Bristol, for relief, as, notwith- 
standing his Majesty's many gracious letters and applications to 
the Admiralty of Zealand, they can obtain no satisfaction for the 
violent seizure and detention of their ship, the St. Joseph, that 
Secretary Williamson forthwith prepare for the King's signature a 
very effectual letter to Sir William Temple, requiring him to press 
the States General to do the petitioners speedy justice, and that 
their appeal may be lieard with the exclusion of the former judges, 
being interested and parties. [Ibid. No. 213.] 

May 19. Edward Bodham to Williamson. We are here in a healthy 
Lynn. condition and all in i)eace and quiet in these parts. [//>trf. 
-Vo. 214.] 

May 19. Anthony Thorold to Williamson. Yesterday arrived here the 
Lyme. j^/,,, of this place from Morlaix, which came thence two days ago 
with two others not yet come in. The master tells me that, the 
day before he came out, the drums were beaten about town, declar- 
ing the King's edict of 20 sols per lb. on tobacco, to be paid by all 
but soldiers, and that the Ostend and other privateers have taken 
many of their coasting ships, but he did not hear of any fleet of 
war setting out. They continue to raise what forces they can to 
send to the King's army. {_Ihid. Xo. 215,] 

May 19. Proclamation commanding the immediate return of all subjects 

Wbiiehaii. who have gone into the ser^'ice of the French king as soldiers since 

the late treaty of peace with the States General, and forbidding all 

subjects to enter the said service in future, [^Priiited. S.P. Dom., 

Prorlaiiiati'iiis 3, p. 335.1 

May 20. Journal of proceedings in the House of Lords that day, which 
fully appear from Lttrds' Journals, Vol XII., p. 700, [Three 
copies. S.I'. Ihm., Car. II. 870, Xos. 216-218.] 

May 20. Journal of proceedings in the House of Commons that day, which 
fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 842. [Ibid. 
Xo. 219.] 



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I(i75. 
[May?] 



May 20. 



CHARLES II. 



Capt. Gilbert Thomns to the King. Petition, stating that bis 
Majesty, '29 ISept., 1660, appointed the petitioner Provost-Marshal 
of the City ot Westminster and co. Middlesex, granting him the 
salary, &c., formerly belonging to any such officer, and that he 
has been very diligent and faithful in the discharge of that trust, 
and that, whereas his predecessors had 200f. per annum allowed 
them and theii- four men, he has received no salary nor allowance 
tor the expensive dlBcharge of this duty, that he has ever been a 
-sufferer since the setting up of the standard at Nottingham, and, 
after the surrender of Oxford in 1646 was forced for a bare 
subsistence to tra;'el into foreign parts, and there obtained tlie 
knowledge ol a secret to make out of the nseleas dust or powder of 
indigo, stone blue, Hat indigo, and powder blue such as is made in 
Holland, very useful and necessary for the cleansing of linen 
clothes, and praying for an order to the Lord Lieutenant of the said 
city and county to settle the petitioner in his salary as formerly, 
and for a grant of a patent to him for making stone blue, flat 
indigo and powder blue for the term of years usual in such cases. 
At the foot, 

Ite/erence thereof to the Attontey-Oeiteral. At the side. 
His report in favour of granting the patent as prayed, 28 May. 
IS.l'. Doni., Car. II. 870, .V<i. 220.] 



Another copy of the above reference. 
Book 46, p. 25.] 



IS.I'. Dom., Entry 



Silas Taylor to Williamson. The weather fair, wind northerly 
No packet-boat has arrived suiee my last. {_S.P. Dom. Car. II. 
370, No. 221.] 

John Beading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
departure ot mails and packet-boats. {_Ibid. .Vo. 222.] 



May 20. 

Portnoonth. 



Wind S.W. No news. {_lbid. 



Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. 
,Vo. 223.] 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind E.S.E. [Ibid. 
\o. 224.] 

Thomas Holdeu to Williamson. There came here yesterday six 
Dutchmen, which belonged to a galliot, the ll'ineberii, of Norden in 
West Friesland with wines and brandy from Bordeaux for Amster- 
dam. They say that the day before they were chased within two 
leagues of the Lizard by a Turks man-of-war of about 12 guns. 
They left the ship and came away in their boat, leaving only the 
skipper and one man on board. The man-of-war shot several guns 
at the boat, hut they all got safe ashore. They told the skipper 
tliat, if it was a French man-of-war, he should raise the flag and 
tower it again three times, and they would come on board again, 
which he did not, which makes them conclude them to be Turks ; 
nay, they affirm they were so near that they saw their turberts, 
besides Uiey say, if they were French, they were a free ship. By a 
vessel from Bristol I am advised that another vessel in her company 
spoke with them, and that they were two Algiers men-of-war, and 
that they had this galliot with them. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



May 20. 

Whitehall. 



Ms; 20. 



May 20. 
Wbilelull. 



Giving the same news as the 



But the Elizabeth of Yarmouth and the Ann of London, vhich 
came yesterday from Bordeaux, report them to be French men-of- 
war of 12 and 24 guns, and that they spoke with them and told 
them they had taken a galhot with nolmdy on board but the skipper 
and one man, so that on the whole I believe them rather to be 
French men-of-war than Turks. 

It is reported here that the Parliament were forced to put their 
handu on their swords in the House, and this should come from 
some Parliament men. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 225.} 

Thomas Holden to James Hickes. 
last, llbid. No. 226.] 

Warrant to Sir John Howell, Recorder, and the Sheriffs of 
London and Middlesex, to insert ApoUouia Scroope, convicted at the 
gaol delivery for Middlesex for stealing goods of Nicholas Bradey, 
to the value of 10/., but reprieved before judgment, into the next 
general pardon for poor Newgate convicts, without the proviso for 
transportation, and meanwhile to release her on bail, till her pardon 
can be pleaded. [S.P. Dom., Enti-y Book 28,/. 185.] 

Commission for Humphrey Creswick to he lieutenant to Captain 
John Strode's company in the regiment of Guards under Colonel 
John Russell. {S.P. Dom., Entry Book 29, p. ISO.] 

Certificate by the Duke of Monmouth that so many companies of 
Col. Churehill'a regiment are to be incorporated into his own as 
they can make up hundreds, beginning with Col. Howard's and so 
descending in order, except that Captain Churchill is to be in the 
place of Capt. Teut (Tuite), who is to have the first company vacant. 
\S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 36.] 

Declaration by the Duke of Monmouth that, as Col. Churchill's 
regiment is to be incorporated into his, he would have the officers 
thereof, who after the reform continue to serve in his regiment, 
placed in the first vacancies happening there, according to the order 
and quality of their respective commands. [Ibid.'] 

Commission to Richard Fitzpatrick to be ensign to Capt. BuUer 
in place of Mr. Buller. Minute. [Ibid.'] 

The Duke of Monmouth to Col. Scott. Capt. Trapps, having 
been more unfortunate in his recruits notwithstanding his endeavours 
than the rest of the ofScers, I was willing to prevent his being 
reformed, and therefore would have Capt. Graham's company broken 
up, and the soldiers thereof given to Capt. Trapps towards com- 
pleting his number, and Mr. Laws, ensign to Capt. Qrabam, is to be 
ensign to Capt. Trapps, and , if his youngest lieutenant, Mr. Musgrave, 
contmue there, you will place him in the first vacancy of a lieu- 
tenant. [Ibid. p. 37.] 

The Duke of Monmouth to Col. Scott. Sir Samuel Clarke has 
spoken to me in behalf of Mr. Owen, first lieutenant of his company, 
that he may be continued as your capt. -lieutenant, which is his 
right, and, I suppose, you intended he should be so at bis coming 



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over. However, I waa willing to gratify Sir Samuel by granting 
him my letter to etrengtbeu his just pretenBiou. [S.P. Dcm., Entry 
Book 41, p. 37.] 

May 20. Reference to the Lord Lieutenant of the petition of Callaghan, 

Wbit«lull. Earl of Clancarty, praying an order for a respite of levying Bome 

quit-rents, till hia Majesty, having been informed of the truth of his 

allegations mentioned in hia petition, shall signify hia further 

pleasure. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 25.] 

May 20. Beference to the Lord Lieutenant of the petition of Callaghan, 
Earl of Clancarty, praying a ctistodiam of certain lands. [/6td.] 

May 20. Warrant for a patent to William Fanshaw, Gabriel Cox, and 
Rebecca Croxton for their invention of working point laces after the 
manner of point de Veuine and point d'Espagne for 14 yeara. 
[Precedents 1,/. 71.] 

(May ?j Chriatopher Garleton to the King. Petition stating that in June, 

1674, a general pardon waa granted to the petitioner for all crimes 

and offences (except treason and murder) whereof he was indicted 

or found guilty at the then last assizes for Fermanagh preceding 

the time of the pardon which were in March, and that it was Sept., 

1674, before the pardon paeaed the Seal, and the last assizes 

mentioned in the pardon were in August, 1674, which makes the 

pardon void, it naming only the last aaaizea, the indictment being 

removed into the King's Bench in Dublin in Aug., 1674, and the 

petitioner outlawed thereon, and praying that the said pardon may 

be amended and better worded for all crimes and ofTencea (except 

murder and treason) committed by the petitioner at any time before 

the grant of the said pardon, and also that the worda of outlawry 

may be inserted in it. At the side. 

May 20. Reference thereof to the Attorney-General. On the back, 

Wbitehail, /fig report infarour of granting a pardon to the petitioner of all 

■ crimes and offences {except treason and murder) committed 

heforel May, 1674. 22 May. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 336, 

No. 163.] 

Another copy of the above reference. \_S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 
p. 25.] 

May 21. Journal of proceedings in the House of Lords that day, which 
fully appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 702, except as 
follows : — In a Committee for the Teat, agreed that the oath abould 
go in this manner, I, A.B., do swear that I will not endeavour to 
alter the Protestant religion now by law established in the Church 
of England, nor the Government of this kingdom, either in Church 
or State, aa it is by law established, and I do take this oath accord- 
ing to the meaning of this Act, and the proviso contained in the 
same. {Two copies. S.P. Dom., Car II. 370, Xos. 227-228.] 

May 21. Journal of proceedinga in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journal; Vol. IX., p. 343. 
[Ibid. No. 229.] 



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ISO 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPBES. 



1675. 
May 21, A. Goodyeare to WilliamsoD. 
Plymouth. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 23 
The said lUt. [Ibid. No. 23 



Enclosing list of ships arrived. 

I.] Enclosed, 

II-] 



May 21. Samue! Rhodes, being indicted at the now quarter sessions at the 
Old Bailey for the murder of John White, hia former servant, and 
the only evidence against him being that he gave White a blow on 
his ear several months before he died, and what evidence was taken 
from White's declaration, and several persons having witnessed at 
the trial that be died a natural death, and that it was so found by 
the coroner's inquest, order for respite of any sentence that should 
he passed on him, till the King's further pleasure be known. 
Minute. [S.P. Dom., Eniry Book 28,/. 134.] 

May 21, Ca^-cat, that nothing pass concerning the grant of Sir Edward 
Stradling's estate till Secretary Williamson be acquainted with it. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 10.] 

May 21. Warrant from the King, as King and as Prince and Steward of 
Whitehall, Scotland, for a commission appointing the persons therein named 
or any iive or more of them to be auditors of the accounts of the 
Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland and all other receivers, 
cashkeepers and collectors of his rents as well property, custom, 
excise, and casualities pertaining to him as the principality of the 
said kingdom from the time of the last fitted account in August, 
1671, to 12 May, 1674, when the present commission of the 
Treasury commenced. \Orer 2 pages. S.P. Scotland, Warrant 
Book 3, p. 240.] 

May 21. Warrant for a gift to John, Earl of Athole, as Lord Privy Seal, of 
Whitehall, a yearly pension of 4001. sterling in consideration of his having 

resigned the place of Justice General with the yearly pension of 

2001. sterling, llbid. p. 243.J 

May 21. Warrant for a letter constituting Alexander, Earl of Morray, 
Whitehall. Justice General of Scotland, \_Ibid. p. 244.] 

May 21. Warrant for the gift to Alexander, Earl of Morray, as Justice 
Whitehall. General of a pension of 200/. sterling }>'''' aiimnii. [Ibid. p. 246.] 

May 21. The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. Directing them to 
Whitehall, admit and receive John, Earl of Erroll, Lord Constable of Scotland, 
into the Privy Council. [Ibid. p. 247,] 

May 21. The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland. 

Whitehall. Whereas by your letter of 12 March to the Duke of Lauderdtde yon 
represented that, when you termed the rents of Orkney and Zetland 
to George Scott, it was done by roup, and that, that ferm being now 
ended and most of the rents consisting of victual, butter and oil, and 
being not casual, except in the prices which are uncertain, if they 
should be again fermed by roup, divers persons will in emulation 
make offers and it may thereby fall into the hands of such as have 
neither prudence to manage the same nor are qualified to discharge 
the offices that attend it, by which our vassals and tenants there 
may be exposed to the discretion of such unqualified persons both 



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as to the levying of those rents and the admioiBtration of juBtice to 
them, and that these conBideratione had induced you to think of a 
fit person with whom you might treat, and that you did not find 
any so fit to treat with therein as Capt. Andrew Dick, and that, 
having conferred with him on the whole matter and calculated the 
prices of the whole butter, victual and oil at the usual rates, you 
find that rent comes short of 86,000 ineiks per annvm, which he is 
willing to pay yearly of tack duty and to accept of a tack thereon 
for 6 years, to be paid without any abatement except in such a case 
of plague or war as may render the rents there ineffectual, we are 
satisfied therewitli and authorise you to enter in tack with the said 
captain on the terms already mentioned, and we have signed the 
commission sent up from you tor the said captain to be steward and 

t'usticiar of Orkney and Zetland, which is to be delivered to him on 
lis gi^^ng good security for the payment of the tack duty. 

We likewise authorize you to discharge the magistrates of 
Edinburgh of the duty on the lead imported by them for their 
waterworks, amounting to about 120i. sterling. [2 pages. S.P. 
.Scotland, Warrant Book 3, p. 248.] 

May 21. Warrant for a letter constituting Capt. Andrew Dick and his 
WhiteluiU, deputes Steward of the Stewardry of Orkney and Zetland and 
justiciar within the whole bounds and islands thereof while he 
shall be tacksman of Orkney and Zetland. [^Ilid. p. 250.] 

May 21. Memorials of protection in the ordinary form to David 
Whitehall, Edmeinston of Cardin and to John Ker, one of the Life Guard of 
Horse, for two years respectively. [Ibid. p. 262.] 

May 22. Silas Taylor to Williamson. It was not till this morning that 
H»"'i"''- one of our packet-boats returned, but she brought no news. The 

wind these two days has been between northerly and easterly. 

Weather very fair. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 370, No. 231.] 

May 22. James Houseman to Williamson. I find by a letter from a friend 
IKiver. there is a charge of 11 or 12 articles exhibited against me before 
his Majesty and Council, and my friend's opinion is, it may by my 
enemies be carried to the Parliament. The heads are : — Neglect in 
sending over the maik, suffering the packet-boats to carry over 
prohibited goods, carrying over wool and smuggling goods. All I 
have to say for answer at present is that I am not guilty of any one 
thing mentioned above, nor of any unjust acting, to my knowledge, 
tending to the breach of any trust imposed in me. I beg that, if 
any charge be against me, I may be sent for by letter, not bj 
messenger, for I know the worst of my enemies cannot prove any 
such guilt upon me. There are four seamen and officers, one of 
whom goes constantly in every boat sent by the Commissioners of 
the Customs to prevent the boats from carrying prohibited or 
unlawful goods, and myself and all the other officers use all our 
endeavours to prevent those practices. [Ibid. No. 232.] 

May 22. Note, that the King has been pleased to promise Sir Francis Leeke 
the advantage of a hoy supposed to belong to a pirate, and seized 
near Gravesend 19 May. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 4S, p. 10.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
May 22. 



May 23. 

PI; mouth. 



May 24. 

Wejmoutb. 



May 24. 
May 24. 
May 24. 



Note, that the Lord Privy Seal signified to Mr. Secretary that 
the King had promised the first living in his gift to Mr. Gaches. 
l^.P. Horn., Entry Book 45, p. 10.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and departure 
of the mails and packet-boats. About midnight last Friday the Calais 
paeket-boat brought over Sir Thomas Long[u]eville, Mr. Butler and 
Mr. BanckB. [S.P. J>om., Car. II. 870, No. 233.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. This morning came in here 12 or 
14 Dutch merchantmen from the Straits homeward bound. ' [Ibid. 
No. 234.] 

Edmund Custis to Williamson. I had thought to have tarried 
your leisure, when the House might have been adjourned, but the 
revenues and the whole nation are so much concerned in the 
abusive increase of bo many Dutch ships with English seabriefs 
without being naturalized that I have thought the enclosed fit for 
your immediate perusal. [Ibid. No. 235.] Prohahly enclosed, 

The paper calendared at the end of 1673 in S.P. Doin., 1673-6, 
2>. 76. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 888, No. 114.] 

Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. A vessel of London from St. 
Martin's came yesterday into our road, having been 16 days in his 
passage. The master reports that last Sunday fortnight he met an 
Ostend man-of-war off Brest, who told him he had a little before 
been chased by three Algerine men-of-war not far from there. 
IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 236.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The Slst came in here the 
George of London from Malaga with wines and fruit for London. 
They have had easterly winds ever since they came out, so that 
they have been eight weeks. They met about 14 days before they 
came in a French man-of-war, which had taken the Giant of 
Amsterdam with salt from St. Tubus bound for the Hague. She 
went out of this harbour about a month since. She was taken at 
Roc[k]all, about Hitlund (Shetland), for she had orders to go about 
Ireland. This French man-of-war put some of the men on board 
this ship, which are come in here. She brings no news from the 
Straits. The fieet of merchantmen here, being about 30 sail 
homeward bound, is now putting to sea, wind S.8.W. [Ibid. 
No. 287.] 

Royal assent to the election of Thomas Barlow, D.D., to be 
Bishop of Lincoln in the room of Dr. W'illiam Fuller, deceased. 
Minute. [S.P. D<m., Entry Book 27, /. 69.} 

Warrant for a pardon to Samuel Bhodes for the manslaughter of 
his former servant, John AMiite, with restitution of lands and goods. 
[S.P. Dom., Entnj Book 28,/. 184.] 

Blank commission to Capt. Nichols for the first company of foot. 
Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 36.] 

The Duke of Monmouth to Sir Francis Leeke. I have received 
your letter by Capt. Barbour with an account of some men thfkt 



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chaeles a. 



Mays 
SWcktoi 



Mnj 26. 

Plymonlb, 



were taken transporting themselves beyond the seas. The order I 
received from his Majesty in tlioae cases was, that all so taken 
should be dismissed where they were in custody to save the trouble 
and charge of bringing them up to town, in pursuance of which 
you may release them. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 38.] 

Richard Potts to Williamson. Last Saturday two more vessels 
arrived here with corn from the East. Wind S.W. IS.P. Dam., 
Car. II. 370, Xo. 238.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. Yesterday the wind veered from 
N.E. to S.W., where it is at present. No packet-boat has arrived 
since my last. Many ships bound easterly and northerly are sailed 
out of this port, and more have passed by us. [fii'rf. .Yo. 239.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson, Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Several Straits ships, of which the Turkey merchant was one, are 
passed up. {_Ibi4. Xo. 240.] Enclosed, 
The said lUt. [Ibid. Xo. 240 1.] 

Capt. Arthur Herbert to . Giving an account of his meeting 

six French ships off Dungeness, at first under Dutch and English 
colours, which when shot at put up French colours, but kept their 
topsails up. When shot at they returned the fire, and their 
Admiral answered it was the King of France's ship and did not 
strike. They outsailed the Cambridge, which was no match for 
them. [Cop;/. Ibid. No. 157.] 

Warrant to Sir John Howell, Recorder of London, to insert 
Henry Hayse, sentenced at the Old Bailey to transportation for 
the manslaughter of John Batty, into the next general pardon for 
poor Newgate convicts, without the clause for transportation, he 
having been a soldier in the King's regiment of Guards and fallen 
accidentally into this calamity. [i'.P. Doin., Entry Book 28, /. 135.] 

Warrant for a grant to Charles, Lord Grey of Rolleston, and his 
heirs, of three fairs at Winterliouriie St. Martin's, Dorset, on the 
second Thursdays in February, May and August, it having been 
found by an inquisition taken at Cranborne, Dorset, that such fairs 
will be no damage to the Crown or to others. {^Precedents 1, /. 72.] 

Journal of the proceedmgs in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 708, and Commons' 
Journals, Vol. IX., p. 345; one copy of the Lords' and two of the 
Commons'. [S.P. Jhm., Car. II. 870, Xos. 241-243.] 

May 2fi. Richard Bower to Williamson. This afternoon eame into this road 
" "' a States man-of-war of 24 guns with a great Dutch hoy in his com- 
pany. He came out of the "Texel last Sunday evening with four hoys 
in bis company loaden with piece goods tor London. About 4 last 
Monday afternoon three French men-of-war of 24, 18, and 14 guns, 
with a ketch came up with them. The richest hoy, which is now 
here, the Dutch man-of-war got in tow, the other three shifted for 
themselves, after whom two of the three men-of-war gave chase. 
Then suddenly there fell a thick fog so that they could not see one 



May 26. 



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184 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. '~ 

another, so that the Dutch man-of-war with the hoy in a tow 
steered over for this coast, where both are now at anchor in this 
road. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 244.] 

May 26. Richard Watta to Williamson. This morning arrived the 
Dsfti. CambrUlije from the Straits, Coining up the Channel she met with 
P™- three French men-of-war, who not striking, she shot at them, but 
was answered with many guns, neither did they at all strike. 
With the Cambridge came in above 20 stout merchantmen from the 
Straits, and also the Portsmouth ketch, both of which brought 
home on merchants' account a great quantity of pieces of eight. 
We have lately had many refreshing showers. The smallpox has 
been, and is very brief and mortal in and near Deal, Dover and 
West Kent. Little wind at S.W. llbid. No. 245.] 

Extract of the passage about striking from the above letter. 
llbU. No. 246.] 

May 26. Anthony Thorold to Williamson. The 24th arrived the Diligence 
LjiuB. of Fascadaway in New England in ten weeks from Virginia with 
tobacco, and having cleai-ed according to Act of Parliament went 
for Amsterdam. The master tells me many of the ships there, 
failing of their lading, are put upon trading to New England and 
elsewhere, till the next crop, which this year very much failed by 
reason of the great drought. Their corn also failed and their pro- 
vision of hogs, &c., so that their condition is much worse than it 
has been for many years. 

By some coasters arrived to-day and others I find three Algier 
men-of-war are in the Channel, two of them of upwards of SO guns, 
and have taken both upon the French and Dutch as appears by 
their slaves, but they are very civil to our English they have met 
with. The master of the Anne of this place, arriving last night 
from Guernsey, reports that a Sallee man-of-war also had been seen 
in these seas, and a French man-of-war of 30 guns he met made 
inquiry thereafter, llbid. No. 247.] 

May 26. On the petition of Sir John Maney, Major lloch, Capt. Thomas 
Whitehall. Bates, and Lieut. Edward Pickin, tour indigent officers, praying an 
order for their admission into the lottery, signification of his 
Majesty's pleasure to the trustees of the above mentioned lottery 
that the petitioners be admitted into the same to receive their 
respective proportions according to their several qualifications. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 26.] 

May 27. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day which fully 
appear from Lords' Jounialg, Vol. XII., p. 705, and Comntona' 
Jounials, ]'ul. IX., p. 345. [Two eopiet, to one ofu-hick in prefixed a 
journal of the proceedings in tiie House of Lords on the 26(/i. S.P. 
'Dom., Car. II. 370, Nos. 248, 249.] 

May 27. Separate Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that 
day, to which is also prefixed a journal of the proceedings there on 
the 26th. llbid. No. 250.] 



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CHABLIiS 11. 



1675. 
May 27. 

GuirdbaU. 



May 27. 

Bridlingtun. 



Sir ThomchB Player to Williamson. Gartifying that he has 
received of Mr. Jacobson and Mr. Leemkuell by the appoiDtment 
of the Senate of Hamburg, 8,750/., which makes up the complete 
Bum of 35,000i. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, No. 251.] 

T. Aslaby to WilUamson. Three ships from Norway are 
come into this port and one in the road for Lynn with deals, 
the master of which tells us that a Holland caper was on board 
them, but did them no prejudice, only took some firewood from 
them, but the same caper dealt otherwise with a vessel of Whitby 
for not striking so soou aa the caper would have him. He shot 
several shots at the English ship, and commanded the master on 
board, and caused him to pay 6«, Bd. for every shot he shot at him, 
and, because the master told him he ought not to strike to any 
ship in those seas except his own King's frigates, the captain beat 
him and abused him basely. Five or six ships are at anchor in 
this road. Wind E.N.E. [Ibid. No. 262.] 

May 27. Silas Taylor to Williamson. Yesterday the wind being easterly 
Binrich. brought into view a good fleet of laden colliers for the River, and 
in ihe afternoon one of our packet-boats, hut with it no news. 
In the evening the wind began to bluster with rain and mists, 
BO that it hindered the packet-boat which should have gone for 
Holland. At noon arrived in a short space, being before the wind, 
another packet-boat, and in her Mr. Paine and Mr. Dale, but they 
bring no news but that the Prince is still at Duffell, encamped 
betwixt two castles. {_Ihid. No. 253.] 

May 27. Richard Watts to Williamson. Repetition of the news in his 
IW. last letter. After post time came in about 20 more merchantmen. 
One reports that off Hythe a French man-of-war yesterday after- 
noon chased a loonedroger on shore near or against that town, and, 
though he was nigh the town, shot about 40 bullets at the loone- 
droger, a good many whereof must needs fall into the town. This 
report I received last night from the commander of the Eluaheth of 
London, who, as he sailed along, saw the matter. Loonedrogers are 
Dutch ships consigned to Dutch merchants and Dutchmen part, 
the master and two or three more only English. 

Yesterday afternoon the Portsmouth ketch sailed for the Thames. 
She and the Camhmlgr. brought home much plate. Wind W. and 
by S., not a topsail gale. Seasonable showery weather. [Ibid. 
No. 254.] 

May 27. John Reading to Williamson. At 6 last Tuesday morning came 
DoTer. into this harbour a packet-boat from Calais, and landed the mail and 
a few passengers, none of any note. The packet men report that 
they were told there has been a mutiny in the French army between 
a party of French and Lord Douglas' regiment about their quarters, 
and that a great deal of mischief is done on both sides. About 9 
Tuesday night went to sea a packet-boat for Calais with the mail 
and some passengers, none of any quality. Yesterday an Ostend 
privateer cnased ashore between Hythe and Folkestone a great 
vessel. Her lading is said to be oil, oranges and lemons. About 10 
Tuesday night went to sea the packet-boat for Nieuport with the 
mail and a few passengers, none of any note. [Ibid. No. 255.] 



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1675. 

May 27. 

Truro. 



May 27. 

May 27- 
May 28. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPEBS. 



Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind westerly. [S.P. 
Dom., Car. 11. 370, No. 266.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 24th there came into 
Helford the Providence of that place from Eochelie, which met 
with a Spanish caper of 4 guna belonging to the Groyne, which 
took from them to the value of 500 licres. The 25th came in here 
the Maria Jems Anna, an Ostond caper. They say they have been 
this six weeks at sea and met with no purchase, and that she and 
another caper of 4 guns were chased by a French man-of-war, but 
they steered several courses. This one hardly escaped. What is 
become of the other he knows not, they making after her. 
Yesterday evening came in the Sainud of Dover for Bordeaux, 
which aays three leagues off this harbour they met with a ketch 
from the Groyne laden with fruit for London, who told them that 
the day before off Scilly they spoke witli an Argier man-of-war of 
30 guns. The Wineberg o! Norden, of which I wrote to you 
formerly, whose men rowed ashore about the Lizard and came 
here, and reported they were chased by a Turks man-of-war, 
and so left the ship and came ashore, is now in Mount's Bay, sent 
in by a French man-of-war, with the master and a Jew, a passenger 
on board. Seamen are gone from this to bring her about for this 
harbour. [Ibid. No. 257.] 

Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the same news as the 

last, llbid. No. 258.] 

Presentation of Thomas Hockin to the prebend of Hayder alias 
Hayther in Lincoln Cathedral. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 27,/. 69.'] 

Dispensation to Sir Robert Dukinfield, High Sheriff o! Cheshire, to 
go to London or elsewhere out of his county. IPreeedenU 1, /. 72.] 

Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day. An 
Act for the better government of free watermen on the Thames and 
for the increase of their number was read a second time and 
committed. The House was in a Committee on the bill for the 
Test, and considered the manner of administering the oath and 
taking the subscriptions of the declaration. The House agreed 
that the Lord Chancellor or Lord Keeper should issue out 
commissions to such as he shall think fit, inhabiting within the 
limits of the said respective commissions, to tender the said 
declaration and take the said oath, and make returns thereof to the 
quai'ter sessions in each county, and that the commissioners that 
sliall tender it to the Peers in Parliament shall be six peers or 
more, and that the members of the Commons' House shall have the 
same tendered them by the Lord Steward or his deputies, and that 
all that shall hereafter come into any employment ecclesiastical, 
civil, or military, or be a privy councillor or Justice shall have the 
said oath and declaration tendered him by the same persons who 
tender such other oaths to such persons on such occasions, 
I'Diree copiet. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, Nog. 259-261.] 



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1675. 

May 28. 



[May?] 



LMay?] 



Journal of the proceedinga in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 846. 
[2'h-o copies. S.P. Dotn., Car. II. 370, Nos. 262, 263.] 

John BoBcavell to the King. Petition for a pass for himself and his 
wif« and children to Bilbao, where most of his friends and relations 
inhabit, he having served as a lieutenant in Col. Tillard'a regiment 
at the rendition of Oxford, where he was a great sufferer, and 
having also served in the late war against the Dutch, but now 
with his wife and live small children being reduced to a perishing 
condition, because he is now out of all employment. \Iind, 
-Vo.264.] 

Charles Ward to the King. Petition for a pass to Bordeaux, 
where he has friends and relations, he having served as ensign of 
a foot company in Col. Tillard's regiment before the rendition of 
Oxford, where he was a great sufferer, and having since served his 
Majesty in Lord Musgrave's (JMulgrave's) regiment, but, having 
now been long out of employment, being reduced with his wife and 
children to a starving condition. [Ihul. So. 265.] 

May 28. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Pljmwah. libui. Xo. 266.] Enclosed, 

The said list. {Ibid. No. 266 1.] 

May 28. Passes for John Boseavell and Charles Ward with their respective 
whitehHii. wives and families to pass to Bilbao and Bordeaux respectively. 
[Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 62.] 

May 28. Pardon to Christopher Carleton of Tellimarghen (Tullymargy) 

WhitebftU. parish of Devenish, Fermanagh, of all crimes and offences (except 

treason or murder) committed by him in Ireland before 1 May, 1674, 

and of all sentences, penalties and forfeitures by reason of the 

premises. Minute. {^Ibid. p. 68,] 

Draft thereof. \_S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 335, No. 164.] 

May 28. Grant to Thomas Elyott, Groom of the Bedchamber, and John 

Whiwh.lL Nevill, eldest son of John Nevill of Billingbear, Berks, of the office 

of Master of the Buckliounda in reversion after John Gary during 

their natural lives successively. Minute, [lloine Office, Warrant 

Book 1, p. 63.] 

May 29. Sir John Berry to Williamson. On behalf of his good friend and 
London. kinsman Josias Calmady, desiring he would stand his friend to 
keep him from being High Sheriff of Devon, because he is both 
Bcorbutical and hydropsical, and has been subject to these distem- 
pers a long time, to which may be added his corpulency and 
unfitness to travel, especially as he lives about 40 miles from Exon, 
where the assizes are usually held. Ui.P. Dom., Car. II. 870, 
.Vt>. 267.] 

May 29. Francis Grigg to Williamson. I shall ever esteem it a particular 
^mS^ mark of your favour that you permit me to make my addresses to 
Cunbruigif. y"- ^ ^°* unacquainted with the way of desiring prefermeots 



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DOKESTiC SfATfi PAPfiRS. 



before they are actaally void, and shall therefore most willingly 
depend upon Providence, not doubting of the sincerity of your 
intentions. I should think myself happy could I obtain a benefice, 
a prebend, or a chaplain's place for the present. My great desire 
to settle in the world has made me, I fear, too importunate. [8.P. 
Doin.. Car. II. S70, No. 268.] 

May 29. Dr. Thomas Barlow to Williamson. This comes to bring my 
Oiford. hearty thanks for your continued kindness to your college and me. 
That I did not this sooner was no want of a just sense of my 
obligations, but of ability to eiprese it. Beneficia tua iiidigne asdmat, 
qui de rahlfndo coi/itat is as true in my mouth as his who first spoke 
it. God has placed you in a station above any requital of mine. 
Your kindness is like to create you more trouble, tor having done 
much for me already that gives me confidence to desire more. My 
confirmation, consecration, fees, first fruits, &c., will cost me 
2,000/. or 1,500/. before I shall receive a penny from the biehopric. 
I was never in debt, yet, I suppose, you and my best friends believe 
that I was never bo much before hand, so that borrow I must, and, 
to enable me to repay honestly, I mean to stay here, as others do 
in the like case, till a little after Lady Day nest. My college and 
Margaret Lecture I can keep without any dispensation, and perform 
the duties of both till then, the sinecure and archdeaconry I cannot. 
My Lord of Winton and some other friends told me they would 
speak to his Majesty that I might keep them in vnnintendam as long 
as I pleased. I neither have nor will desire any of them to do me 
that favour, but refer the whole business to your goodness and 
prudence. If I might have the benefit of my sinecure for two 
years, as you kindly proffered me, and the archdeaconry for one, I 
shall he abundantly satisfied, for so I shall have something to live 
on till the revenue of the bishopric come in, otherwise I must go 
deeply in debt to Lincoln, [/twi. .Y». 269.] 

May 29. Edward Hornsby to Williamson. I have received a letter 
Cariiiie. concerning my son. I hope ere this you have received a letter 
from Dean Smith. I gave him a full description of my ability, so 
in my brother Thomas' letter he mentions you wished him to write 
to see what I would bestow on my son to put him to a trade. I 
have a great deal of children more, and we have hard times here, 
however I shall do as much for him as I can, but I hope you will 
be pleased to order some care to be taken of him. I hope you 
will find him very diligent in any way you please to command him, 
and we solely leave him to your disposal. [Ibid. Si>. 270.] 

May 29. John BuUacke, Mayor, to Williamson, The 24th there went 
DuTer. out of this harbour the Richard, a small merchant vessel of Loudon, 
with only three men on the deck, but his hold full of men, the 
hatches shut over them, so that it was not known to the officers at 
the water side that he had any more than those on deck. He went 
after an Oatender's prize that went out of our harbour just before 
him, and has taken her and carried her into Calais. His men were 
Enghsh and French, inhabitants of this town. One of them 
returned by the packet-boat last night, so I sent a warrant to the 
constable this morning to apprehend him, but he esca^ied, so I 
entreat your Honour's directions. {Ibid. So. 27L] 



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1676. 
May 29. Thomas Jenisoa, Mayor, and six others to Williamson. We 
NswoMtle. received notice last post that we are to certify under tha town's 
seal the surrender of Robert Marlay, our late town-clerk and the 
election of William Jennison in his room, and we accordingly 
enclose the same, desiring your assistance in speedily obtaining 
his Majesty's instrument of approbation. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, 
Art. 272.] Enclosed, 

Ccrtijicate bi/ the savte persons of the said surrender and election. 

llbid. No. 27'2 i.] 
Surrender by Marlay of the office of town-clerl; and election o/ 
Jenison thereto, 5 ami 6 May. [Copies. Ibid. Nos. 
272 11., m.] 

[May.] Note by John Rusbworth that William Jennison was chosen 
town-clerk of Newcastle, 6 May instant, that his Majesty has signi- 
fied to Sir J. Williamson his approbation of the said Jennison, and 
that something in writing is to be drawn up lor his Majesty's 
approbation to be signified. [Ibid. No. 273.] 

[May'?]29, Commission tor John Downing to be ensign to Capt. Berkeley's 
company in Col. Russell's regiment of Guards. Mmute. [S.P. 
Dom., Entry Book 29, p. 131.] 

May 29. The Duke of Monmouth to Col. Scott. Capt. Nichols will give you 
Wbii«hall. this letter, to whom I have given a blank commission for the first 
company vacant in my regiment, which I intended for Capt. Teut 
(Tuite), but the Duke of York has ordered it otherwise, therefore 
Capt. Teut must expect the second vacancy. There is a Lieut. Cole 
in Col. Churchill's regiment, who was formerly my page, and, his 
company being now like to be reformed, I would have him for his 
further improvement to continue in the army. Therefore I desire 
you would place him in the first vacant lieutenantcy in my regiment. 
[6'.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, p. 38.] 

May 29. Approbation by the King of the election of William Jennison to 
be town-clerk of Newcastle on Tyne. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, 
p. 64.] 

May 29. The Duke of Lauderdale to the Lord President of the Session. 

WhitehaU, Informing him that bis Majesty had granted Lord Craigie licence to 
stay at Bath during June for his health, who had parted thither from 
London the 17th intending to have stayed tbere not above a fort- 
night and to have returned to Edinburgh about the beginning of 
June, but who now finds that he can receive no great benefit irom 
the waters in so short time. [S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 3, 
p. 252.] 

May 29. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant for a patent for 14 

Whitahitit. years in Ireland to Sir Philip Lloyd, Richard Hunt, and John 

Odacio Formica tor their new invention of manufacturing a 

E articular sort of crystalline glasses, resembling rock crystal, which 
as never been exercised by any in that kingdom. [S.P. Dom., 
Signet OJice, Vol 9, p. 818.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 

May 80. T. B. to . I am here ready to speak with you. This 

hearer can call me to you. {S.l\ Doin., Car. II. 370, No. 274.] 

May 30. Dr. Daniel ]>anvers to Williamson. There is a small hospital here 
Morthnmpton. in the disposal of our very good friend, the Bishop of Lincoln elect, 
whose acquaintance I was once honoured with and perhaps it may 
not be quite worn out still, but I need such a potent remembrancer 
as yourself to move him in my behalf for the reveraion after the 
present incumbent, Dr. Wake, who, if you will believe there is any 
such thing as iic/w/w Medici, I heartily pray, long may live, and I 
think I can wait as long as any one for dead men's shoes. I cannot 
but think you want not better friends or more deserving persons 
to confer your favours on, yet perhaps there cannot be designed a 
litter person than one constantly resident on the place and rightly 
()ualitied by his profession for such a crazy employment, and I 
think such an one was intended by the founder, and, if the poor 
themselves had votes, they would make such an election. [Ihid. 
Xo. 275.] 

May 30. Richard Watts to Williamson. There are now in the Downs but 
Dwi, not yet at anchor above 60 Dutch merchant ships, convoyed by 4 
men-of-war, homeward bound. Not a topsail gale at East. [/buf. 
Xo. 276.] 

May 30. A. Ooodyeare to Williamson. In my last I sent a list of the ships 
Piymoutii. now here, since when I can learn of no alteration. [Ihiil. Xo. 277.] 

May 31 Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords those days, which 

and Junel. fully appear from lAnds' Jouniah, Vol. XII., jtp. 709-712, except as 
follows under 31 May : — The House then went into Committee on 
the bill for the Test and agreed that where any person subscribes the 
declaration and takes the oath he shall have a certificate thereof 
which shall be evidence in any Court of Record, and that a clause 
l>e worded to this effect, and that all persons, who on 1 Sept. next 
shall be in such office or employment, and all members of either 
House of Parliament, who shall wilfully neglect or refuse to make 
the said declaration and take the said oath, shall on conviction be 
disabled from bearing any such beneficial office or employment, 
other than that of the peerage, till he conform herein, and shall 
forfeit 500/. to the Crown, provided that no member of either 
House shall be obliged to subscribe the said declaration or take 
the said oath more than once in each Parliament. [Tivo copifs. 
Ibid. Xos. 278, 279.] 

May 81. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Comiiwna' JouiitaJs, Vol. IX., p. 347. {Ibid. 
No. 280.] 

May 31. Richard Watts to Williamson, Last post I acqu^nted you of the 
^*»^- arrival of alwve 50 Dutch merchantmen and their convoy. After- 
wards three of them ran aground on the Goodwin. Two got off 
and one from St. Toby's (St. Ilbes) laden with salt was stranded, 
some rigging, anchors, cables and the like only being saved. She 
was a dy-boat of about 300 tons. 



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CHARLES 11. 



10 before noon. Just now arrived the Berkeley Castle from 
Bantam. Our seamen who went to assist the Dutch stranded ship 

B&y that the Dutch men-of-war's men were very savage to them, 
endeavouring to cut and stab several of them. iS.P. Dom., Car. II. 
370, No. 281.] 

John Beadingto WDIiamson. Concerning the airival and departure 
of the mails and packet-boats. About noon yesterday two Holland 
ships were cast away on the Goodwin Sands, they and some other 
Dutch ships being chased by the French privateers coming from 
the West. Two or three of them they took in the chase and carried 
them away. [Ibid. A'o. 282.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 28th came in here the Trial 
of London and the Gift of Poole, both from Maryland, with tobacco 
for Londou. Both speak of the want of provision generally in 
that country by reason of a very hard winter, which destroyed their 
corn, and their hogs and cattle dying, tobacco likewise being very 
scarce, so that these ships could have taken in more. They came 
out about 6 weeks past with two great Londoners, one called the 
Baltimore, and were separated three or four days after they came 
out, and met all together the day before they came in o£F the 
Lizard. These two put in here for fresh water and provisions, the 
others passed along in sight of this harbour. These two put to 
sea again yesterday morning, wind N.W. Yesterday come in here 
the Amity of this harbour from Lisbon. By contrary winds she 
put into Kinsale, whence she came last Tuesday, and says four 
great Virginia men put in there, bound for England, ouly they stay 
to refresh themselves with fresh water and provisions. \_Ihiil. 
No. 283.] 

Thomas Holden to James Hiekes. Giving the same news as the 
last. [Ibid: No. 284.] 

On the Lord Keeper's report on the reference of Viscount 
Powerscourt's petition, which was as follows: — 1 conceive the 
petitioner's case to be very hard, and, if letters patent were granted 
as desired, he would be able by virtue of your Majesty's ancient right, 
which IB not bound by the Act of Settlement, to recover the lands 
in question, notwithstanding any proceedings or decrees in Ireland. 
But because it is of ill example to open a way for impeaching 
decrees by discovery of ancient titles in the Crown, I dare not 
advise your Majesty to gratify the petitioner by granting new letters 
patent, though his case be hard and accompanied with great 
circumstances of equity. But, if your Majesty shall direct the Lord 
Lieutenant to issue out a commission to inquire the value of the 
lands in question, and, that being found, to grant to the petitioner 
80 many forfeited and undisiiosed of lands as may be equivalent to 
the value of the lands decreed away, and to the mesne profits thereof, 
for which the petitioner is hahle, this may be a proper relief, so 
always that the petitioner beat the charges of finding out such lands 
and defending your Majesty's title thereto, and also of purchasing 
deficiencies to place thereon, if necessary : reference of the said 
petition and report to the Lord Treasurer. \S.P. D&in., Entry 
Book 46, p. 26.] 



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142 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. " 

May 31. Patent for 14 years to Capt. Gilbert Thomas of a new invention 
Whitehall, for making out of useless dust or powder of indigo, stone blue, flat 
indigo, and powder blue, such as is made in Holland. \JImi\e 
Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 62.] 

May. William Booth to Williamson. Requesting him to speak to Capt. 

Legge on liis l;ehalf concerning a ketch wliicli he knows of that is 
going to Tangier, of which he haa spoken to the Duke of York 
already. [S.P. Dom., Car. IT. 370, Xo. '285.] 

May. Address to the House of Commons. lienowned Patriots, I address 

myself to your Honours for I am confident you are the patrons of 
the common cause of the Protestants and are haters and enemies 
of the tyranny, superstition and abomination of the Pope and the 
Court of Borne. The necessity of all sorts of Protestants is come 
to the utmost extremity. The King has given up his life, his under- 
standing, and conscience into the disposal of whores and ladies of 
pleasure, who do with him what they will. This verysame infelicity 
and disaster hangs also over the heads of the Netherlands, among 
whom is a Prince, who is ruled by women and ungodly counsellors, 
committing wickednesses, and carried on by a spirit of ambition 
confederates with your King to bring all things under his arbitra- 
ment, treading the laws and the States under his feet even as your 
King does, so they are both tyrants. This kind of violence grows 
apace, and shall at last bring both the English and Dutch nations 
to be slaves, in case the Parliament and the States do not set them- 
selves against the same. The Popish faction get the upper hand 
in both these Princes' courts ; therefore must there be a vigorous 
proceeding in the contrary, or else the Protestant interest will be 
wholly lost. We present this case to the wise examination and 
scrutiny of the House, beseeching them seriously to reflect here- 
upon, and so with joint force and counsel between them and the 
States to proceed with common help and assistance, that this great 
and otherwise unavoidable destruction may be withstood in its 
beginning, ere it get the mastery. This serves only for a prepara- 
tion to alfairs of a greater weight hereafter to follow. No name 
at present subscribed for very considerable reasons. [Tiro copirs, 
addresned regpi-clire\y to Sir Thomas Lee and Sir Hugh Bethell, the 
fi»-mer endorsed hy WilliamtQn"!^!^, May. Libel." Ibid. Nog. 
286, 287.] 

May. Payne Fisher to Williamson. Taking the short interval of your 

The Fleet, leisure from public affairs I have made bold to thrust a sample of 

this second impression so much meliorated and augmented beyond 

the first that it retains little thereof, unless some few material 

passages and what in the end relates to Queen's College. 

I had long ago exposed it to the public, had my most noble friend, 
Mr. Wolrych of Shropshire, arrived sooner in town, the only remota 
which retarded the impression being that lies angvata domi, so 
essential to poets and prisoners. 

I have designed a sufficient number for transportation (the 
cincture of so small an island being too narrow for so capacious a 
theme), and others to the Universities, especially to your own 
college, and one in metal aa to the coal to be conserved in that 



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CHARLES II. 143 

1676. 

college library. I have not printed above 733 books this bout, 
reserving a general impression of this poem to be printed at Paris 
and mingled amongst the rest of my poems purported in the very 
last page of this book, as soon as I can get out of this close prison, 
for furtherance of which I intend to print my Carmen ad Clerum 
entitled Deus et Rex, Hex et Ejiiscnpiin, on that fair union betwixt 
the Crown and Mitre as it 3tan<l8 in the first line of this last leaf 
candidate for the press, and at the end shall add 21 funeral epi- 
grams on some great persons occasionally written by me, 

I have no ways to bring myself out of prison but by putting this 
poem Ad Cleniin into the press, and daily expect to be capacitated 
with a small sum to defray the charges of paper and printing. 

I humbly beg your pardon for my ambitious boldness in desiring 
this to be known to this whole kingdom and the lettered part of the 
remoter world, how much I am your most obediently devoted 
servant. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 370, iVo. 288.] 

[May ?] Statement by Thomas Dickenson, Warden, that Fitzpaine Fisher 

was committed to the Fleet 1 July, 1673, for a debt of 71. and 50«. 
damages, that by reason of his great poverty and often sickness he 
has paid neither his commitment fee of dl. 6». 8(1. nor his chamber 
rent since his commitment, which is more than is due to his creditor, 
who will not remit one penny. There is only expected of him, if dis- 
charged, 50^. due to the minister and clerk of the Fleet and under- 
officera there. {Ibid. No. 289.] 

[May, D.P. to [Williamson ?] . I had nothing to say to your Honour 

after the till now ; that you may assure his Majesty that Don Pedro 

27th.] [Ronquillo] brought no moneys with him, but 1,000/., which I am 
to receive to-day, and that for his own subsistence, till more is 
remitted, so there is none to bestow or to corrupt. The Dutch 
Ambassador was with him yesterday for three hours. I heard 
them sometimes when they spoke loud, being in the next room, to 
differ in opinion, and one reproach the conduct of the other's 
master, and Don Pedro's delay in coming. By some odd words 
of theirs I could hear, and of Don Pedro's asking me after the 
conference was ended, what a man excluded of the benefit of the 
law ^vaB, and by other men's talk that come to see him, they wish 
the House of Commons would outlaw all that would not oliey the 
proclamation (of 19 May, 1675) and serve the French King hereafter, 
and also to make another address for calling home the forces before 
the late treaty of peace under the same penalty, and he told me, he 
wished he had been here two months ago. Several that come 
to see him ofFer to bring bim some acquainted with this or 
that Parliament man. He said in my hearing he desired 
it not, alleging that yet he knows not where he is, that he 
must look about him first. Some assure him that the City 
will petition against the excessive profits of the French by the 
English commerce, and charged me to go into the City to my 
acquaintances to know the certainty of it. Many are come to bim 
to-day to give him joy of a fight of some French ships with one 
of his Majesty's men-of-war for not striking. All this seems to 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



make him wish a conclusion of the debate about the Oatend ahips, 
which will be entered on thia afternoon. Of that, and all 
other baainess that ahall come to my knowledge, I shall not 
fail to give notice to your Honour. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, 
Xo. 290!] 

[May.] "Heads of several bills brought in to the Commons' House 

during their session begun 13 February {gk, it should be April), 
lf>74-5, viz.. Bill to prevent frauda and perjuries ; Bill for b«tter 
aasurance of such aa claim under ancieat Fines and Keeoveries ; 
Act explaioing an Act tor preventing dangers from Popish 
Becusants; Bill for the better trial of Peers; Bill to prevent 
members of the Houae of Commons taking any public offices ; Act 
for preventing the illegal exaction of money; Bill for relief of 
priaoners detained for criminal matters ; Act to avoid unnecessary 
suits ; Bill for appropriating the tonnage dutiea to the use of the 
Navy; Bill to prevent illegal imprisonments; Bill to prevent 
(mistake Jar permit) the exportation of leather. (Sea Commona' 
Journals for May, passim.) [Ibid. No. 291.] 

[May?] The case of the poor prisoners humbly remonstrated to the 
Parliament. The care of Parliament shown by the gracious Act of 
22 and 23 Car. H., and the bill prepared last sessions to supply the 
deilciencies thereof has revived a belief in them that Parliament 
will consider their grievances, especially as the motives for the said 
Act are rather enlarged than contracted, and the numbers of poor 
diatresaed prisoners exceedingly increased especially in the prisons 
in and about London, some of which are ao full that 50 persons or 
more have been and are shut up together in one room in which 20 
could hardly be conveniently disposed, to the great annoyance of 
each other and of the whole prison, and, it ia much to be feared to 
the corrupting of the air, and conaeqnently the causing of such 
contagious diseases as may isaue in a public calamity. 

To enumerate all the grievances and oppressions that the poorest 
sort of prisoners suffer by the mereilesa tyranny of many of their 
creditors and the barbarous insulting deportment of gaolers and 
their creatures would be too prolix, and vary from the design of this 
paper, which is only brieHy to state their incapacity to make any 
satisfaction to their creditors, for the case of sucn only is here 
stated as arc so extremely impoverished, some through national 
calamities, and others by misfortunes not to be withstood or tore- 
seen, and reduced to such a helpless condition as render them fit 
objects tor relief, whereof at least 40,000 may bo in various 
capacities very serviceable to his Majesty, themselves, and 
friends. 

The verity of these assertions will be easily manifested to a 
conunittee appointed to inspect it, to whom many other things 
necessary to be discovered and regulated touching prisoners and 
prisons will be made known. 

'Tis hoped no other arguments need be used, to quicken Parlia- 
ment to an early, serious and effectual consideration of the premises. 
(See Commons' JournaU, Vol. IX., pp. 381, 885, 836, 341, 347.) 
IPrinted paper. Ibid. No. 292.] 



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1676. 
piay ?] Reasons offered to Pftrliament by drapers, mercers, haberdashers, 
grocers, hosiers and other trading housekeepers of the great decay 
of their trades. 

A sort of people called pedlars, hawkers and petty chapmen 
cmitrary to law carry about, dispose and sell in all the cities, 
tuM'ns, villages and hamlets very great quantities of goods belonging 
to the said trades to the ruin of the said tradesmen, and the great 
inconvenience *nd danger of the whole nation, with arguments to 
support the above propositions. {^Printed paper. S.P. Dom., 
Car. n. 370. iVo. 293.] 

[May?] Answer offered to Parliament to the above pretended reasons 
against pedlars, &c., setting forth the benefit they are to the 
people. Though many of them are of the other nation of Scotland, 
it ought not to be complained of, they being also the same King's 
subjects. Statutes agamst pedlars, &c., were only meant to apply 
to such as misdemean themselves by begging, idleness, &c., and 
until shortly before the late troubles the justices were empowered 
to license honest and industrious pedlars, &e. (For both these 

fapers see Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., pp. 328, 382, 335.) 
Printed paper. Ibid. No. 294.] 

[May ?] Exceptions to the bill against levying money ; that it may take 
away the King's tolls, fines of alienations, both primer and post fines, 
and fines in courts of justice ; that it takes away the power to try 
cases of duties or impositions, since no doubtful point can be tried 
without hazarding the life of the officer concerned, who, if he makes 
any mistake, is attainted of high treason ; that the clause making 
it treasonable to levy any money on the subject for the King, save 
by Act of Parliament, will disable all judges from imposing fines, 
as the fines go to the King, &c. It will give the like occasion of 
complaint as did 21 Bich, II., that no man shall know how to 
behave himself. (See Comttwns' Joumals, Vol. IX., p. 324.) [Ibid. 
No. 296.] 

[May?] Suggested proviso in the Act [for levying money] that it 
may still be lawful to the King to receive the usual duty or 
composition of 12d. the chaldron for sea and pit coal. [Ibid. 
No. 296.] 

May. Warrant, after reciting a grant dated 20 J^une, 1660, to Samuel 

whiieball. Mearne, of the office of Bookbinder to the King, and a warrrant of 
10 June last for swearing the said Mearne into the office of Stationer 
in Ordinary, which was accordingly done, and a petition from him 
praying a surrender of the said grants, and a new grant to him and 
his son, Charles, for a grant of the offices of Bookbinder, Bookseller 
and Stationer to the Kmg, to the said Samuel and Charles Mearne 
for their lives and the life of the survivor. [4 pages. Precedents 1, 
f.GS] 



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16 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1«75. 

May. Lists sent b^ Jauieii Neale to Williamaon of King's luid 

Deai. merchant shipw in the IJo^ns, the wind, &e. 



June 1. 

Slooktoii. 



Vol. 870. 


Date. 


King'B. 


Outward 
Bound. 


iQwald 
Bound. 


Wind, 


RomarkB. 


No. 


297 
298 
299 
300 
301 


May 2 
., 3 

.- 4 
„ 6 

„ 7 


1 

2 
1 
2 
8 


4 
8 

1 
1 
1 



8 

2 
4 
4 


N.E. 

N.E. 

N.E. 

S.S.W. 

B.E. 


Two outward 
bound gone 
through and 
stopped not. 


802 


., 8 


4 


2 


6 


B.E. 




803 


„ 10 


4 


6 


2 


E. 




304 


„ 11 


4 


3 


3 


S. 




305 


„ 13 


3 


1 


3 


E. 




806 


„ 14 


8 


2 





S. 




807 


„ 16 


3 


2 


1 


N.E. 




808 


„ 16 


4 


1 





N.E. 




309 


.. 17 


8 


2 





N.E. 




810 


„ 18 


3 


1 


2 


S.W. 




311 


„ 19 


8 


4 





B. 




312 


„ 20 


3 


5 





B.E. 




318 


„ 21 


3 








N.E. 




814 


„ 22 


8 


1 





N.E. 




815 
316 
817 
318 
819 


„ 28 
„ 26 
„ 26 
„ 27 
„ 28 


8 
3 
4 
4 
4 



1 
4 
10 
2 




13 
4 
6 


B. 

S.W. 

S.W. 

W. 

N.E. 


With some others 
that went through 
the Downs not 
spoken with. 


820 


„ 29 


4 


2 





N.E. 




321 


„ 80 


3 


2 


1 


E. 




822 


., 31 


1 


2 


5 


E. 





Journal of the proce«dmgs rn the Honse of Lords that day, 
which fully appear from Lords' Jmirnals, Vol. XII., p. 712. [&'.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 871, No. 1.] 

Journal of the proeeedingB in the House of Gonuoons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' JoumaU, Vol. IX., p. 848. 
[Two copies. Ibid. Nos. % 8.] 

Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords those days, 
which fully appear from Lords' Jonmala, Vol. XII., }tp, 712-717. 
[Two copies. Iliid. Nos. 4, 6.] 

Richard Potts to Williamson. 
Wind N.E. [Ibid. No. 6.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. Last Sundiiy passed hy a fleet of 
laden colliers towards the Biver. Yesterdny towards evening out 
of our packet-boats arrived, bringing many passengers but no news. 
They came from the Brill Sunday morning, the wind being mostly 
easterly. Last night we had a great deal of rain and all this morn- 
ing tbs wind has been uncertain. Now it is southerly. 



A long wished for shower to-day. 



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CHABLICS n. 14T 

1675. 

Tbie mouth 1^-111 coudade an balf-jrear's acoooot in obedience to 
your eommaii<ls last December, ordering the registeriog the times 
of the arrivftle and departures of our packet-boata, which, with the 
account of bis Mivjesty's subjectH deserting foreign services and 
passing over in them, shall be ready when eithei" .your leisure or 
pleftBure ahall command them. IS.I'. Dnm.. Car. 11. 971, No. 7.] 

.Time I. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Sending hst of ships arrived. 
Pljiuouth. llhid. So. 8.] Encloml, 

Tlie said lUl. [Ibid. Xo. 8 i.] 

June 1. Caveat that nothing pass without notice to Sir Gilbert Talbot 

concerning Mr. Fit^erald of Ratroan obtaining a writ of error 
against Sir Edward Sutton. {S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 11.] 

June 1. Reference of the petition of Hellen Wolsley, Col. Pretty, Col. 

wiiitehftl]. Hone, Major Lorimer, Capt. Bell and other Joyal indigent officers 
to whom bis Majesty latdy gave a patent for all lott«ies, except 
the Boyal Oak Lottery, for 13 years, praying an order to the Groom 
Porter and the Master of the Bevels to desist from the exercise or 
erecting of any lotteries, to the Lord Keeper to examine bow the 
matter of right stands between the petitioners and the Master of 
the Bevels and between them and the Groom Porter, and to report 
the same with his opinion thereon. {S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 
p. 27.] 

June 2 & 3. Joamal of the proceedings in the House of Lords those days, 
which fully appear from Lords' JounuUs, Vol. XII, pp. 717-719. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 871, Nos. 9, 10.] 

June 2. Joamal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commont' JoumaU, Vol. IX., p. 860. 
llbid. No. 11.] 

June 2. Certificate by William Wood aad Josiah Ricroft ihat Bobwt 
Guthery, late of Dundee, but now of London, mariner, had taken 
before them that day the oaths of allegiance and supremacy. 
llbid. No.U.] 

June 2. Sir J. Barckman Leyenbergh to [Williamson] . I was sorry (o 
tMukm. hear to-day, at Whitehall, that you were not well and had taken 
physic. I trouble you with these lines, since my lord Ambassador 
told me you had not seen the King, my master's, letter to the 
States General of 5 Dec. last. I may be mistaken in thinking I 
imparted it to you as soon as it came to my hands, bat I am sure 
we spoke of it, when I sent you the printed mraaonals of M. 
Ehrensteen, where the said letter was joined at the end of his 
memorials. And, whereas I have since had them translated and 
printed for my own and some friends' satisfaotion, I send herewith 
some exemplars thereof. [Ibid. No. 18.] 

June 2. The Earl of Pembroke to Williamaon. Requesting him to obtain 
the King's approbation of the persons therein namad to ^be deputy- 
lieutenants for Wiltshire. (The names are the some as those 
approved, ]>o$t, p. 161, with the addition of Sir Edward Baynton, 
K.B., and Sir John Coventry, K.B.) {Ibid. No. 14.] 



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1675. 
June 'i. 

Oxford. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Dr. John Waliis to WilHamson. We uiideratood to-nigbt bj a 
letter from Mr, Everard that our business is but just where it was. 
The CommiKsiouers now pretend that, the suit being in Stirfs 
name, they cannot diBmisB it without order from him, that they 
bear nothing from him to that purpose, though it is pretended that 
they have sent to him, that, when he signiiiea his consent and will 
relinquish his licence he shall have his bonds delivered up, but 
before it cannot be done. The Vice-Chancellor thereupon sent for 
Stirt, while I was present, to know whether he had sent any such 
order. He says, he heard nothing from them at all of any such 
thing, that he never knew the suit was in his name, nor ever gave 
order for it. For his own part he never would have contended with 
the University at all, and would relinquish his licence with 
all his heart, if he might have his bonds. He had long since 
desired of them to have given over Lady Day last, but they (at 
least Mr. Downs, one of them) told him that they could not, nor 
would not deliver up his bonds, but, if be would give over, they 
would yet have the forfeiture of the Iwnds of him or his sureties, 
and that the Lord Trejisiirer would spend 1,000/., but that he would 
maintain him in it. ] le now tells us that he will write to them 
to-morrow, that he is viilling the suit be dismiBHed, and will deliver 
up his licence if he mny have his bonds, and will cast himself on 
the mercy of the University, and says he has formerly bo written to 
them. Yon see our delays, and it is now so far gone, Tuesday next 
being our day of hearing; in the Exchequer, that, if we know not by 
Friday night any certainty, some of us must be at London on 
Saturday, to prepare agninet Tuesday morning. 

Potticript. — After sending this Stirt tells me he will be with you 
to-morrow himself, and bring or send you this letter. [S.P. Dom,, 
Car. 11. 371, No. 16.] 

Samuel Hodgkin to Williamson. To-day the coal owners and 
fitters of this river have begun to mend this harbour, by taking 
away a shoal called the Ktell, which seems to be very feasible, and 
will make a very good harbour. A considerable fleet of loaden 
colliers is now off this. Our vessels from Holland and Flanders 
complain much of the incivility of the Dunkirk and Ostend capers. 
[Ibid. No. 16.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. Yesterday the French Heet, being 
two stout ships, two small ships and three sloops, plied to windward 
towards the Dutch Heet, being four men-of-war and about 50 
merchantmen homeward-bound at the Back or East part of the 
Goodwin. But, when the French saw the Dutch resolved to fight 
them, they tacked to the Eastward and let them go by. They now 
appear again at the Back of the Goodwin, sailing southerly. Wind 
S.W.,not a topsail gale, llbid. No. 17.] 

The King to the Dean and Chapter of Exeter. Recommending 
John Geely, M.A., prebendary of that cathedral, a person of piety, 
wisdom, and learning, for the next vacant place of canon 
residentiary. [S.P. Dam., Entry Book 27,/. 70.] 

Another copy thereof. {S.P. Dom., Car. II. 871, No. 18.] 



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1675. 

June 8. Journal of the proceedingB in the House of CommonB that day, 
which fully appear from Cammong' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 852. 
[Two copies. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, Nos. 19, 20."] 

June 3. Heads offered on behalf of the House of Lords at the conference 
concerning the House of Commons attaching Serjeant Peck and 
others, Crispe's counsel. (Printed in Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., 
p. 718.) [Ilnd. No. 21.] 

June 3. B. di Barbore to WilH&mEon. I believed that being Turk in 
ordinary the King's servant in the capacity of superintendent for 
regulating the manufactures of this kingdom, this would have 
served me for protection, of which I never believed I stood in need. 
By the malice of a woman I have been arrested and sent to 
Newgate, no regard being paid to my protection, and no request (as 
the order is) having been presented to the Lord Chamberlain. 
The business I had with that woman's husband related to accounts, 
wherein I have paid several letters of exchange and bought goods 
on bis account. I beg you to intercede for me nith the Lord 
Chamberlain that I may come out of this by his authority, since be 
is my master after the King, and, if you find it good, that I write 
to the King. I commit my business to your prudence, and to the 
friendship you have promised me. [French. Ibid. No. 22.] 

June 8. Dr. J. Fell to Williamson. Your great kindness for this place 
will, I know, render you not displeased with the account of what 
baa passed here in the reception of the young Prince of Neuburg, 
who came to us late Tuesday night very unexpected. However, 
Mr. Vice-Chancellor, myself and Dr. Marshall attended on him 
to bid him welcome, and tender him the respects of the 
University. Yesterday morning the Vice-Chancellor being detained 
by the necessity of beginning the term, myself and Dr. Marshall 
attended the Prince, and, having provided four coaches for the 
reception of his Highness and servants, brought him first to 
Christ Church where my young men gave him a volley of poetical 
shot, and the canons, noblemen, gentlemen and students of all 
conditions made a solemn appearance. Having paid his Higliness 
what respect we could and showed him our public buildings, 
we conducted him to St. John's. From thence we passed 
through the grove, having ordered the coaches to go about, aud 
visited Wadham, then New College, then we showed him your 
buildings, afterwards Magdalen College and the Physic Garden and 
Merton College. By this time it grew to be noon, and it was time to 
wail on the Prince to his lodgings. After dinner we attended him 
to visit the University, and, having signified that they were met 
in Convocation to receive him, and present his Highness and such 
of his train as he thought Q.t, to a degree, he accepted the proposal 
as to his own person, but declined it as to any one else. Whether 
he did so in point of greatness, or npon intimation that one of his 
dependants had made some indecent proposals under his pretence 
to bring in unfit men to share that respect of ours I know not, 
but we obeyed his pleasure, and, having while the Convocation 
was gather^ together and settled, showed his Highness the fabric 
of the Schools, the Library and curiosities there, we conducted 



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150 DOMEBTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. 

him 8(d«mnl7 into the Convocation Hodbb, where Dr. Bonrchier, 
the ProfesBOF, with & short and elegant speech presented him to 
the degree of Doctor ot Laws. He being seated m a seat raised 
on purpose and handsomely adorned for him, Mr. Vice-Chancellor 
in a like elegant oration created him, after which the Fro-Orator, 
Mr. Wiatt of our House, with great dexterity addressed him 
him in the name of the University. From hence the whole 
University attended him to the Theatre, where also a peculiar seat 
was raised, and here we gave him a treat of music. Afterward his 
Highness viewed the Printing offices (which he had never seen, as 
it happened, before), the roof and other particularities, which done, 
we attended him homeward, and in the way showed him All Souls* 
College. This morning Mr. Vioe-Chanceflor, myself and others 
have taken our leaves, and presented his Highness with the History 
and Cuts of the University in two volumes fairly bound. The whole 
performance went with order and solemnity, and, so far as we can 
disoern, has given satisfaction. [3 pages. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, 
No. 23.] 

Jtine 8. Dr. John Wallis to Williamson. I suppose, before this comes, 
Oztwd, you will have received mine of last night, which I directed Stirt, 
the vintner, about whom our contest has been, to deliver to you 
himself. Yoa will, I presume, as well by this as the former 
carriages, perceive that there is a design by delays and charge- 
able attendances to weary out ourselves and our friends from 
pursuing this business, which yet we are so deeply concerned to 
bring to a gooti issue, as absolutely necessary for preserving the 
good disciplme of this place. You know very well that my Lord 
Treaburer, before we came out of town, declared himself satistied, 
and promised the Duke of Ormonde and yourself, as he had before 
done to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, that the suit in the 
Exchequer should be presently dismissed, and the Attorney -General 
and divers of the Commissioners had done the like. You and Mr. 
Everard by your direction have since solicited it, and it is now 
pretended that, the suit being in Stirt's name, they cannot dismiss 
it but by hia direction, to whom having written about it, they have 

{-et received no answer. (Stirt's version of the affair as in Wallis" 
ast lettercalendaredanfe,^^. 148.) I doubt that, things being puto£F 
thus long, I must be in London by Saturday nigbt, that I may have 
at least a day to prepare against Tuesday morning, unless by 
to-night's post we have somewhat of certainty from Mr. Everard to 
the contrary. I think it not improper you stay Stirt in town till 
Tuesday be over, that he may say as much in Court, if thei-e be 
occasion, as he promised to say to you. I write this, le&t, when Stirt 
comes to the Commissioners, they may persuade him not to 
deliver you my letter. [Ibid. No. 24.] 

June 3. James Welsh to Williamson. A vessel arrived here to-duy from 

It7«. Dieppe, bringing news of a battle lately fought betwixt the Germans 

and the French, wherein the French are said to have lost 10,000 
men. llbid. No. 26.] 

Jane 8. Warrant to Serjeant James Beck to search for and take inU> 

custody Thomas Felton, Groom of the Bedchamber, and carry him 



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GHABLES n. 



161 



to the Tower, for sending a cballenge to a peer ; and also Henry 
Bulkeley for carrying the same. Minute. [5.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 28, /. 186.] 
Jane 3. Warrant to the Lieutenant of the Tower to receive the above two 
gentlemen into his custody and keep them safely till further order. 
Minute. [Ibid.] 

June 8. The Duke of Monmouth to Matthew Robinson, at Newmarket. 

Wbttah^L The King, hearing of your indisposition, has dispatched the bearer, 
M. Porcade, one of his own chirurgeons, to endeavour your recovery, 
which I wish he may effect. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 41, j). 98.] 

June 3. The Duke of Monmouth to Col. Scott. Major Kirke having 
Whitehall, earnest business on his father's death that will require his stay here 

longer than he intended, I have dispensed with his absence, and, 

that the regiment might not aufFer in it, I have ordered Capt. 

Ramsay to CKecute the place of major, till Mr. Eirke'a return. 

[Bid. p. 39.] 
June 3. The Duke of Monmouth to Capt. Ramsay. Empowering him to 
Whitehall, discharge the duties of major durmg Major Kirke's absence. [T&u^.] 

June 8. The Duke of Monmouth to the Bishop of St. Asaph. Becom- 

Whiieh&ii. mending to him the bearer, Mr. Jones, one from his diocese, wbo 

has served these two years as chaplain to his regiment in France, 

and requesting him to bestow on him the first vacant living in his 

disposal that shall be fit for him. [Ibid.'] 

June 3. Warrant, after reciting a grant dated 28 March, 1674, to John 

Whitehall. Ogilby, of the place of Gosmographer, and his petition for the 
acceptance of a surrender thereof and for a new grant thereof 
to himself and his kinsman, Willfam Morgan, for a grant of the 
said office to the said Ogilby and Morgan and the survivor of them 
during pleasure, the said Ogilby sarrendering the said recited grant. 
[Precedent 1,/. 77.] 

June 4. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day, which 
fully appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 720. [Two copies. 
S.P. Dom., Car. II. 871. Nos. 26, 27.] 
June 4&5. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 
which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., pp. 852-354. 
[Ibid. yo. 28.] 

June 4. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 

Plymonth. [Ibid. No. 29.1 EiKlosed, 

The said list. [Ibid. No. 29 1.] 

June 4. Extract from a letter from the captain of the Garland describing 

how a French privateer off Dungeness refused to strike, though 
fired at continually for two hours, pretending he took them for 
Dutch ships. [S.I'. Dom., Car. II. 870, No. 157.] 

June 4. Statement by Louis Cayroze, merchant, of London, giving 

London. particulars of his goods taken by the Ostenders on board the 

Barbara Maria, the Hope, the Charitij, the Jamrs and the Mary 

of Dover, all neutral vessels, and adding that he has given all 

necessary proofs at Ostend and Brussels, where he has appealed, 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEES. 



but the only justice be has received is tbftC oE complaining of the 
exorbitant costs he has been chari^ed with, and that no way 
remains to him, but such as his Majesty shall prescribe, and 
imploring his assistance. Endorsed, " 5 June, 1675, from M. Le 
Pin for M. Cayroze." [French. S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 80.] 

[June ?] Statement of Mr. Cayroze'a case. The ships Barbara and Main/, 

Charity, Hope and Bunch of Grapes belong to Swedes, Danes, and 
Hamburgers, and on their return from France, where they were 
laden, were taken by the Spaniards, and carried into Ostend. Mr. 
Cayroze is concerned for several goods in them, which belong to 
himself. His friends at Ostend write that, though they have duly 
claimed his goods in the Admiialty Court there, yet, for want of 
speedy justice and the ill-usage they suffer, being mostly wines and 
brandy, they are like to be utterly spoiled. He prays the King's 
letter to the Governor of Flanders, desiring him to command the 
Admiralty Court to administer speedy justice to him according to 
the law of Admiralty and the treaties between the two Crowns, and 
to restore such goods forthwith as he shall prove to belong to him. 
Endorsed, "State of Mr, Cayroze'a case. Sir W. Godolphin." 
llbid. No. 31.] 

June 4. Thomas Burrowes to Williamson. Shipping news. {S.P. Ireland, 

KiDMl*. Car. II. 336, No. 166.] 

Jane 5. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day, which 
fully appear from Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 725. [Two copies. 
S.P. Dom., Car. II. 370, Nos. 32, 88.] 

June 6. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commons that day, 

which fully appear from Commons' Journals, Vol. IX., p. 354. 
[Ibid. No. 34.] 

June 6 & 7. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Commoua those days, 
which fully appear from Commons' Jovrnals, Vol. IX., pp. 854, 
356. [Ibid. No. 35.] 

June 6. Dr. John Wallis to Williamaon. Mr. Everard's letter came to 
Oxford. hand yesterday, time enough to prevent my journey to London, 
understanding thereby that the hearing for Tueaday next is put off 
till the Tuesday following. 'Tie strange that, when every body 
profess themselves satisfied in what we pretend to be our right, 
we should meet with nothing but delays, in a business whicb 
might be so soon dispatched, either by adjudging our right, 
or at least by dismissing the cause. I doubt the putting it off 
from Tuesday to Tuesday is but in order to the putting off for this 
term, which la but abort, and then they will think themselvea quit 
of UB at least till Michaelmas Term. I cannot think it is my 
Lord Treasurer's design to use ua thua, but aomebody elae's, whose 
busineaa it ia to abuae both him and us. I ahould think that, if 
the Lord Chief Baron were acquainted how the Lord Treasurer 

ftrofesaea himself satisfied and the Attorney-General alao, and how 
ittle it is the King's pleasure we ahould have this trouble given us, 
he would without fuither trouble dismisa the suggestion, especially 
since he has already declared, that, if in our charter we have not 



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only af&rmative, l)ut also negative words [that none but we, &c.] , 
as we have very fully, the right is then clearly ours by the proviso 
in the late Act. But I am not to prescribe you methods, but only 
implore your assistance. 

PogUcript. — 1 do not tinderstand what that discourae is of Mr. 
Warcup, with which he tells Mr. Everard that he thinks we are 
satisfied, nor does Mr. Viee-Chancellor. But, it he mean the over- 
ture of obtaining a new grant for us to license a greater number, 
and thereon found a revenue, <tc., it is wholly contrary to our 
desires. For, though the University be not so rich, but that a new 
accession to our revenue would be welcome, yet it is not our design 
to advance a revenue by licensing more taverns, but to pursue our 
discipline by restraining the number, and that neither others nor 
even ourselves should have a power to license more. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 371, .Vc 36.] 

June 6. Silas Taylor to Williamson. The wind keeping southerly luid 

^•f^"'"- westerly, the packet-boat which came from the Brill last Wednesday 
did not arrive here till about noon to-day. The master informs me 
that last Monday off Dunkirk or Calais, five or six French men-of- 
war encountered the Dutch Smyrna fieet of about 40 sail, but 
under the convoy of about 5 men-of-war. The French fought them, 
bat, as it reported in Holland, without any success. Several or 
most of the Dutch fleet are gone into the Tesel and to their other 
porta. 

A French privateer of 10 guna that for some time had plied 
betwixt this coast and Holland was this week also, as I understand 
him, encountered by a Dutch man-of-war, and after a brisk fight 
tor half-a-day, and several on both sides slain, was mastered and 
carried into Holland, [tbid. No. 37.] 

[June 5.] The King's answer to the Lorda' Address tor removing Sir John 
BobiuBon from the lieutenancy of the Tower. (Printed in Lords' 
Joumala, Vol XII., p. 725.) (ihid. No. 38.] 

June 6. Warrant for Henry Bnlkeley'a release from the Tower on his 

paying the usual fees. Minute. {S.P. Dom., Entry Booi 29,/. 136.] 

June 5. The Duke of Monmouth to Major Kirke. Vs he has allowed 

Wfaii«hfta Mr. Sarsfield the pay of a capt. -lieutenant reformed for his pains 
in soliciting the business of the regiment at Paris, requiring him 
to take care that the said allowance be paid him out of the pay of 
those reformed officers who are allowed to the regiment, and like- 
wise ordering that the profits out of the extat-major, after deducting 
the pay %t the several oflScers concerned, be equtJly divided between 
the colonel- lieu ten ant, lieut. -colonel and major aa likewise all other 
advantages to be made upon the musters by the absence or death 
of officers. [S.P. Dom. , Entry Book 41, p. 40.] 

June 5. The King's Speech to the Houses of Parliament. (Printed in 
Lordi' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 726.) [Precedents 1, /'. 75.] 

June 7. Journal of the proceedings in the House of Lords that day, 
which ftiUy appear from Lords' JmimaU, Vol. XII., p. 726. \Tico 
copies. S.P. Dom., Car. U. 371, Nos. 39, 40.J 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
June 7. 



Journal of the proceedings ia the Houae of Comraona that day, 
which fully appear from Commong' Journals, VcA,. IX., p. 355. 
[S,P. Dom., Car. II. 871, No. 41.] 

BJehard Gleadow to Williamson. Last week arrived here two 
ships from Virginia, laden with tobacco. Both bring news of a 
great dearth there this winter both by want of corn as also by the 
death of almost all their cattle and hogs, so that the shipe there 
may be much straitened tor provision. Three others also arrived. 
The masters of all these ships report that the lighthouses lately 
built on the Spurn at Humber mouth did them much good, and are 
of very great and necessary use for avoiding the danger of the 
great sand lately cast up there, of which many ships have formerly 
perished, [/tid. No. 42.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
departure of packet-boats and mails. On Friday a small French 
man-of-war, who would not strike to one of his Majesty's ships, 
was forced to run into this harbour, and is here stayed for bis 
contempt. [^Ibid. No. 43.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W.N.W. No news. 
[Ibid. No. 44.] 



Hugh Acland to Williamson. 

No. 45.] 



June 7. 



No news. Wind N.W. [Ibid. 



June 7. 

Pendennia. 



Francis Bellott to Williamson. The wind having been at N. or 
W. there are very few ships in the port. [Ibid. No. 46.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 8rd came in here the Hope 
of Amsterdam for Bochelle, which reports that last Tuesday off the 
Ness she saw the Dutch fleet with their convoy standing very close 
together so that they could not tell their niuuber, and five French 
men-of-war, which, it seems, had some skirmish the day before 
with them, for they heard several guns, but the French gave way 
to the Dutch, and that one of their ships was on fire betwixt both 
fleets, but how it came on fire they cannot tell, unless the French 
put it on fire themselves, that it should not fail into the hands of 
the Dutch. There also came in the Bachelor of London, bound for 
Newfoundland and so tor the Straits. They spoke with the 
Cambridge, and, though the report was here that they had 80 men 
lulled, they say there was none. Other shipping news. [Ibid. 
No. 47.] 

John Man to Williamson. By a small vessel of Scilly we are 
informed that about 17 leagues off the Land's End he met with two 
Turks men-ol-war of betwixt 40 and 50 guns apiece, who sent their 
boat on board, and finding him to be English told him they were 
straitened for provisions, having met with no prizes, and that they 
must borrow some of him. They would pay him one time or other. 
They took his compass, some beef and pork, &c., and dismissed 
him very civilly. He says they were more civil to him than the 
Ostenders were the last voyage, for they cut his anchors from hia 
bow and ueed him very discourteously. 



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We are informed by Anthony Cole, master and part owner, as he 
alleges, of the Hopejid of London bound for Dundalk with wheat, 
^at 24 May he lost his ship not far from his intended port, and 
all his men but himself and one other. [S.P. Dom.. Car, 11. 871, 

No. 48.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant, after reciting a 
grant dated 29 Aug., 1671, to Edward Vernon of the town and 
village of Clontarf, and the lands of HoUybrook and the island of 
CloQtarf, CO. Dublin, and of all the messuages and hereditamentfi 
lying within the limits of the said town, village, lands and island, 
for the creation of the premises into a manor by the name of the 
manor of Clontarf, with power to the said Edward Vernon to set 
apart 300 acres or less for the demesne lands of the said manor, and 
to alien in fee or for lives any part of the premises to be holden as 
of the said manor, notwithstanding the statute of QuiaEinptores, in 
free and common socage or by suit of court or otherwise, and to 
hold a Court Leet and view of frank pledge and a Court Baron and 
to impark 800 acres or more or less for deer and other beasts of 
venery with a grant of all waifs, strays, &c., and with power to the 
said Edward Vernon to hold a Court of Record within the said 
manor to have cognizance of pleas for any sum not exceeding 'iOs., 
with a grant to him of all customs, anchorages, flockages, heriote, 
tolbuts, fens, brooks, water weirs, fishings, quays, creeks, sands, 
seashores, wreckit;' gulfs, pools and other immunities and franchises 
formerly belonging to the said lands and islands, with power to the 
said Edward Vernon to hold two yearly fairs at the town of Clontarf 



at the rent for the said fairs of \0». per annum. [Orer ^ pages. 
S.P. Dom., Sifjnet Office, Vol. 9, p. 814.] 

June 8. Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which 

fully appear by Lords' Journals, Vol. XII., p. 727, and Commons' 
Journals, Vol. IX., p. 366, with an account of the proceedings of the 
House of Commons the previous afternoon, which fully ax>pear by 
Commons' Journals, uU supra. [Two copies. S.P. Dom., Car. II, 
371, Nos. 49, 50.] 

June 8. Silas Taylor to WilUamBou. We have here a report, though the 

ECtrwioh. Dutch do not acknowledge any loss, that two of their Smyrna fleet 
miscarried, one sunk by a French man-of-war and another run 
aground on the Goodwin Sands, and there, as some say, set on hre. 
It is farther said that the French fought them a whole day, but 
the particulars we have not yet received. The wind blows fresh 
northerly ; no packet-boat since my lust has arrived from Holland. 
[Ibid. iVo. 51.] 

Jane 8. Hugh Salesbury to Wilhamson. Wind W.N.W. The Monmouth 

Portsmonth yacht was yesterday paid, which was the only occasion of their 
tarrying here and not proceeding to their station on the coast of 
Ireland. llbUl. No. 52.] 

Jane 8. a. (ioodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Pljnwuth. y^^l Yy_ 63 J Knehsed, 

Tlie said list, llbid. Xo. 58 1.] 



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166 

1675. 
Tuesday, 
June 8. 
10 pm. 
WbiteUIL 

June 8. 

10 p.m. 

Whiteball. 

June 8. 

10 p.m. 
Whitehall. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Sir J. WilliamBon to tbe Lord Great Chamberlain. Signifying 
his Majesty's pleasure that be give notice to the Lords to be in 
their robes to-morrow at the House, his Majes^ having something 
to say to them. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 39.] 

Sir J, Williamson to Lord Falconbridge (Faueonberg), Giving him 
notice of his Majesty's intention as in the last letter, that the Band 
of Pensioners may be ready to attend. [Ibid. p. 40.] 

Sir J. Williamson to tbe Master of the Jewel House. Giving him 
notice of his Majesty's intention as in the last two letters, that he 
may have the Crown and Robes ready at 10 o'clock. [Jfcirf.] 

Sir J. Williamson to the Governor of the East India Company. 
In execution of the last article of the Treaty Marine of 1 Dec., 1674, 
by his Majesty's commands transmitting him tbe enclosed authentic 
copy of the said treaty, that it may in all things be punctually 
observed by the Company. [Ibid. p. 41.] 

Commission to Prince Rupert to be Lord Lieutenant of Surrey. 
Minute. [S.P. Dom., Kntry Book 44, p. 18.] 

Appointment of John Bolt, the elder, of Winchfield, and Thomas 
Terry, of Cleworth, to be agistors within the Forest of Windsor. 
[Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 65.] 

Warrant for a grant to Robert Thornton ut the office of Provost 
Marshal of Jamaica in reversion after Sir Thomas Lynch, [f rece> 
denU 1,/. 78.] 

Passport for Elias Payne, master of tbe Unity, of London, and 
tor his said ship. [Ibid. f. 79.] 

William Harbord to [William Bridgeman] . My Lord Lieutenant 
has commanded me to acquaint Mr. Secretary Williamson that the 
Earl of Tyrone, being a peer and privy councillor of Ireland, 
Governor of tbe county and city of Waterford, and captain of a 
foot company, is lately gone for England without licence from tbe 
Lord Lieutenant, which his Excellency apprehends not only to be 
a disrespect to his Majesty, whom he represents, but that such 
practices will breed a contempt in the officers of the army to their 
General, and he desires that no licence may pass from his Majesty 
to dispense with his absence. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 336, No. 166.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant, after reciting that 
there having lately happened a difference between tbe Commissioners 
of the Treasury in Ireland and the Duke of Ormonde about the 
payment of 5,0001. per annum payable by virtue of a contract 
between the King and tbe said Duke, Application was made to tbe 
Lord Lieatenant, who, conceiving himself restrained by an Order 
in Council in England of 14 Jan., 1673[-4] from determining the 
matter, transmitted the proceedings to the Earl of Danby and 
Secretary Coventry, and gave orders that 2,50W., the present money 
in question, should be detained in the hands of the Farmers of the 
Irish revenue till 18 June instant, that the King's pleasure might 
be known, and a reference of the Duke's petition to the Earl of 
Danby and his report dated 7 June that tbe difference in question. 



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relating only to an account, ought properly to be heard and deter- 
mined by the Lord Lieutenant, whom his Majesty may empower to 
proceed therein, notwithstanding the said Order in Council : con- 
firming the said rejwrt and authorizing the Lord Lieutenant to 
proceed to determining the said difference, notwithstanding the 
said Order in Council, and in the meantime to give order for 
continuing the said sum in the hands of the said farmers, till the 
said difference be settled. [S./*. Dom., Sitjnet Office, Vi>l. 9, 
J.. 317.] 

Journal of the proceedings in both Houses that day, which fully 
appear from Lurdt' ./•mritals. Vol. XII., p. 729, and Commong' 
Journals, Vol. IX., p. 357- [S.i'. Dom., Car. II. 371, So. 54.] 

The King's Speech to the Parliament. {Printed in Idtrds' 
Journals, Vol. Xll., p. 729.) [7'ifo MSS. and 4 printed ropies. 
Ibid. Nos. 55-60.] 

Order in Council on the petition of Richard Wescomba, Nicholas 
Warren and George Torriano showing that the Anna and Margaret 
with her lading valued at 13,0001. having been wrongfully taken in 
time of peace by a Hollander, on the petitioners' application his 
Majesty from time to time and especially during the intended treaty 
in Holland and at Cologne ordered hia ambassadors to insist tor pay- 
ment of the same, which could not he obtained for the general stop 
of proceedings there, bnt, another treaty having been afterwards 
renewed by the Spanish ambassador here, the petitioners' case was 
also referred to him in order to procure satisfaction, which, after the 
peace was concluded, he undertook to do, but he returned to Spain 
before bringing the business to an issue, and praying his Majesty 
to recommend their condition to the succeeding Spanish ministers 
here and to the present Dutch ambassadors and to direct his 
ambassador in Holland, that they may continue to interpose for a 
speedy dispatch and relief therein : that Secretary Williamson 
effectually recommend the petitioners' case as well to the ambassa- 
dor at the Hague as to the Spanish and Dutch ministers here. 
Itbid. No. 61.] 

Order in Council for naturalizing the Greenland Adventure and 
the Hope, of Hull, purchased in foreign parts and fitted out 
for that voyage at the expense of near 6,000/. by the Greenland 
merchants of Hull, on the petition of the same. [/fcid. Xo. 62.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. Some gentlemen from Holland 
report that General Montecuculi has engaged Monsr. Turenne, and 
that the French King and the Prince of Orange are within 20 miles 
of each other, every day expecting an engagement. 

This mackerel time they have caught so many that in the Isle of 
Thanet 50 very new out of the boats were sold for id. last week, the 
winds blowing fresh and against them so that they could not go for 
London. Within those eight days we have had much rain, corn of 
all Borta much prospering, and that like to be good which was 
almost scorched. Wind fresh at N.E. llbid. No. 63.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Goaceming the arrival and 
departure of the mails and pscket<boats. [Ibid. No. 64.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
June yJ. 



Newsletteir. The Lower House has veutnred to arrest the King's 
General Advocate and three others who pleaded an appellation l)eforfi 
the Upper House, mid, tlie officers of the Upper House having 
delivered them, they were sent to the Tower. Next moriiiiif; the 
Speaker of the Commons saw the four advocates with many lord^ at 
Whitehall, had them seized and sent to the Tower, and received tlie 
thanks of the House. The Lords addressed the King and ohtained 
an order for the release of the advocates, hut the Lieutenant of 
the Tower said he would not do it without the command of the 
Commons. Mr, Felton, Groom of the Bedchamber, is also sent 
to the Tower. [S.P. iJom., Car. II. 371, No. 65.] 

June y. Caveat on behalf of Sir Edward Carteret and Mr. Mittou that 
no grant pass of the estate of Jonathan Frost, late a pawnbroker, 
now prisoner in the Marshalsea, who is to be tried for clipping, 
[_S.P, Dom., Entry Book 4^, p. 11.] 

June 10. Edward Bigby to Williamson. Having been twice at your lodging 
Qray'i Inn. to-day about the business I formerly mentioned and finding you 
either not at leisure or not at home, I make bold to trouble you with 
this by the bearer (who is the person who stays in town only to 
know whether a pardon may be obtained or not) to beg you to let 
me know where the gentleman lives whom you have engaged to beg 
the pardon, and what his name is and whether he has made any 
progress, and how soon a Jiat may be obtained, for I hear his 
Majesty intends for Windsor in a day or two, and, if it be not done 
before, I shall in a great measure despair of its ever being done. 
I humbly entreat you to acquaint me, if any thing is, or is likely 
to be done, and how soon it may be expecte<l, if at all. [5.P. Dom., 
Car. 11. 371, No. 66.] 

June 10. Silas Taylor to Williamson. By the packet-boat arrived here 
HsrwiEh. last Tuesday afternoon we were informed that the Hollanders say 
the rencontre was betwixt 4 men-of-war and about 80 of the Holland 
St. Uball fleet (and not their Smyrna fleet), with 6 or 6 French 
men-of-war, who fell on them in a tog and took two of their fleet 
and they miss a third, but, when the mist cleared up, they say they 
beat the French, who fled before them. They further report that 
last Sunday they heard very many guns, and were told by a 
vessel they met at sea, that those French men-of-war and some 
Dutch men-of-war had met, and were in flght, but the certainty of 
it we have not received. 

For several days many laden colliers for the river have passed 
by. 

This morning another packet-boat came in, by whom we are 
informed that the war against the Swedes was proclaimed last 
Tuesday at the Brill, and four days before at Amsterdam. They 
brought over, as is reported, a Polonian envoy, who is gone for 
London. [Ibid. No. 67.] 

June 10. Thomas Langley to Sir Capel Lucken or Thomas King, burgesses 

HOT»inh. £or Harwich. This town in general is oppressed by Dutchmen that 

lie always begging about the streets and to me in particular for 

e and victual in the packet-boats, which I am not able to do, 



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CHAIU^ES II. 



June 10. 

Wfaitebal'l. 



I pray yon therefore to speak to the I>utch Ambaesader to provide 
for his countrymen, for I have writ very often, but can get no 
satisfaction from him, I having carried and victualled several 
hundreds myself, besides the charge our town is at. 

War was proclaimed last Tuesday at Rotterdam between the 
Dutch and the Swedes. IS.P. Dom., Car. 11. 371, No. 68.] 

Thomas Holden to Wilhamson. The Mattia and Miltior of Cork 
came in here, which came lately from Dunkirk, and reports that the 
French Ring is drawing out of that and all other garrisons what 
forces they can spare to reinforce his army in Flanders, and that 
there are about 40 capers belonging to that place. The Oiven and 
Darid of London has taken in about i6 hogsheads of tin in bars, 
and is put to sea again to-day for Leghorn or Smyrna, wind N. 
Last Monday passed before this the St. Daiid with several 
merchantmen imder his convoy from Barbados, and it is supposed 
they put into Plymouth the day after, the wind being N.E. tlbid. 
No. 69.] 

Thomas Holden to James Hickes. Giving the same newe as the 
last. [Ibid. No. 70.] 

Warrant for Mr. Feltou's release from the Tower, on his paying 
the usual fees. Minute. [S./>. Dom., Entry Book 28, f. 136.] 

Sir J. Williamson to Mr. Jolliffe. Having been for many years a 
witness of the great zeal and diligence with which poor Mr. Harris 
served the interests of the Merchant Adventurers' Company, recom- 
mending Mr. Kynvin, his son-in-law, for the employment lie had 
under the Company. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 43, p. 41.] 

Sir J. Williamson to the Mayor of Dover. I have received both 
yours of yesterday concerning the Ostend privateer there, that had 
committed the insolence upon the French shallop apon the Stade 
before Folkestone, and having communicated them to his Majesty I 
am commanded to signify his pleasure that, notwithstanding what 
yon say in your last letter of Uie privateer's having given satisfac- 
tion for the damage and restored the shallop and goods, you con- 
tinue to make stay of the said privateer to answer the insolence and 
offence committed against his Majesty in the violation of his port, 
in which further order will be forttiwith taken. \S.P. Dom. Entry 
Book 43, p. 42.] 

Beference to the Lord Keeper of the petition of Sir Francis 
Wyndham and Thomas Wyndham, which showed that Dr. Nicholas 
Love of Winchester made his last will 8 Sept., 1630, being then 
possessed of a lease of the manor of Crundall for 99 years, it 
Nicholas, Robert, and Barnaby, his sons, shonld so long live, that 
the said Nicholas, the son, being convicted and attainted of the 
murder of his late Majesty, all the lands were forfeited to his 
Majesty, that by an indenture of 18 Jan., 1661 [-2], the said lands 
were let by Lord Berkeley and others, the trustees of his Royal 
Hi^ness, that Barnaby, Robert and Edward, sons of the said Dr. 
Love, colluded, that a citation was taken out of the eccleeiastdcal Court 
ol WintoQ in the name of the said Barnaby calling bhe said Robert 



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160 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1676. 

and Edward to appear in that court, where sentence being pasBed 
against tlie petitioners in their absence, they appealed to the Court 
of Arches, where a definitive aeatenco was given in their behalf 
9 May, 1673, that the said Barnaby pretending he was wronged by 
that judgment last June obtained a Commission of Appeal to Sir 
Timothy Baldwin and others, that the petitioners made it appear 
that Dr. Love's will, having stood proved for near -10 years, after the 
probate was made 80 Sept., 1630, ought not now to be called in 
question, and that the judgment in the Court of Arches in July 
1673, for the dismission of the petitioners was just and right, that 
notwithstanding Sir Timothy and the rest, Dr. Exton and Dr. 
Trumbull, two of the Judges Delegate, dissenting, reversed the 
said judgment of the Court of Arches, and therefore desired a 
Commission ol Review. [S.P. l.hm., Entry Book 46, ji. 28,] 

June 10. Licence to the High Sheiiff of Gloucestershire, who has been 
whitehkii. very sick, to come to London to consult physicians. [Precedents 1, 
/■ 78.] 

June 10. Proclamation by the Lord Lieutenant and Council. After reciting 
^h '^"hl'"'' ''^*'' ^'^^''^ disloyal persons, commonly called Tories, have of late very 
DaWin!^ much infested several counties and have committed divers robberies, 
burglaries and murders whereunto they have been encouraged by 
protections of late having been too frequently granted to some of 
them by persons having or pretending authority from the Lord 
Lieutenant, and also because the persons who have harboured the 
said Tories have not been so strictly inquired after, prosecuted and 
punished as they ought to have been, declaring that no person shall 
after the 24th instant grant any protections to any robbers or Tories, 
and that any protections granted to them after that date shall be of 
no force, with a proviso that any protections duly granted before 
that date shall continue in force for the period they were granted for, 
and that, if any persons so protected shall in respect of any ser\ice3 
done by them expect to have their protections continued or to be 
pardoned, they are to make timely applications to the Lord Lieu- 
tenant, and strictly reqiuring the sheriffs of the counties, wherein 
any snch Tories are or shall be, to raise the power of their respective 
counties, as there shall be occasion, for apprehending and bringing to 
justice all such robbers and Tories, the justices to assist the sheriffs 
therein, and to cause examinations to be forthwith taken concerning 
such murders, robberies and stealths, in their respective counties, 
that the persons who shall appear guilty thereof may be indicted 
and outlawed if they do not render themselves, and also to enquire 
strictly after all relievers or harlmurers of such robbers or Tories or 
such as shall refuse to assist in following or apprehending them, and 
to cause such persons to be bound over to the next assizes to be 
prosecuted. [Sy^es. S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 309,j>. 411.] 

June 11. Richard Potts to Williamson. Shipping news. [S.P. Dom., 
Stockton. Cat: 11. 371, No. 71.] 

June 11. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived 
PlyiDontb. [Ibid. No. 72.] Enclosed, 

The taid list. [Ibid. No. 72 1,] 



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CHARLES 11. 



1675. 
ixvae 12. 

Haiwioh. 



Jan6 12. 

Weymontb. 

June 12. 



June 12. 
WhitehoU. 



Silas Taylor to WillianiBon. Since my last no packet-boat hae 
arrived. Wind N.W. and weather very calm. I humbly desire 
your commands eoncerniug the account I have kept of the packet- 
boats, and of the soldiers brought over in them, who have deserted 
foreign sei-vice. Both these I have kept as well as I could, and 
thought not fit to send them you or discontinue them without order. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 73.] 

Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. No news. {_Ibid. No. 74.] 

, Approbation by the King of John, Lord Coleraine, Sir Robert 
Howard, Sir Richard Grubham How, Sir George Grubham How, 
Sir Walter Emley, Sir Seymour Pyle, Sir James Long, Sir 
Edward Hungerford, K,B., Sir Henry Coker, Sir John Emley, 
Sir Thomas Mompesson, Richard Lewis of Edington, Thomas 
,Thynne, Alexander Thistlethwayte, George Bond, William Dnckett, 
and Joseph Stockman to be deputy lieutenants of Wiltshire. [S.P. 
Dom., Entry Book 44, p. 14.] 

Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Sir Edmund 
Wyndham, Knight Marshal, praying a privy seal for payment to 
him of 416/. in lien of lodgings oat of Court, since the time he was 
Knight Marshal, being 8 years, and that for the future he may 
either have lodgings assigned him or 52/. per anntim continued to 
him for the same. IS. P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 29.] 

Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Richard 
Champion, keeper of his Majesty's privy lodgings, praying a further 
allowance for his messuage in East Greenwich, called the Rose and 
Crown tavern, conveyed to his Majesty and lying near his palace 
there, whereby he was 300/, loser, [Ibid. p. 30.] 

Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Thomas Duppa, 
Gentleman Usher, praying that he may be paid a debt of 305/,, 
transferred to him by Sir John Ayton out of the Treasurer of the 
Chamlier's office for divers services done, out of the arrears of the 
tenths of the diocese of London. [//>t(/.] 

On the petition of Edward Halsall, one of his Majesty's querries 
in ordinary, praying a gift of what money he can recover of the 
sutlers provided for the regiments of Blackheath, to every three of 
whom 120/. was advanced by his Majesty to be repaid to his Majesty 
by bond, his Majesty, being disposed to gratify the petitioner, refers 
and recommends it to the Lord Treasurer to report what his Majesty 
may fitly do in it for the petitioner's gratification, [/tuf,] 

Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of the Justices 
of Northamptonshire at their last Epiphany Sessions, praying a 
grant of the site of the Castle of Northampton, consisting of 8 acres, 
and of the stones and materials towards building a new house for 
the sessions. [Ibid. p. 31.] 

The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. Having bo often 
and BO clearly declared our pleasure to you concerning the disorders 
that appeared in that our kingdom these 12 months past, and 



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162 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1676. ^ ___— 

finding that by your diligence before the last vacance that factious 
humour was in some measure quieted, we hoped we should not have 
been so soon troubled with such offences. Yet now we are informed 
that more effects of that seditious spirit break out afresh, and 
particularly that a party of our forces has been deforced by a riotoas 
and tumultuous a8sembly near the bouse of Cardross, where one 
King was rescued from our soldiers, whom Lord Cardross so highly 
owned before as his domestic servant. We specially recommended 
the trial of the former disorder concerning that King, and, if that 
matter had been thoroughly examined and duly punished, it is 
probable we should not have met with such an insolence in that 
place again. 

We are also informed that in other places, especially in Teviotdale 
and East Lothian, many numerous and disorderly communions 
have been kept by indulged ministers, and that in Ayr there has 
been lately a meeting of indulged and outed ministers, who have 
issued orders for keeping fasts and other illegal injunctions, as if 
they had been a judicature. 

Therefore we require you to examine thoroughly those and all 
other disorders of this kind. We doubt not you will find out those 
who encourage such practices, and, that you may more solemnly 
apply fitting remedies, it is our pleasure that you particularly 
summon all those of the Privy Council who are within fourscore 
miles of Edhiburgh, to attend hy a short day, there to remain during 
this session, and we require you to give us particular information who 
does not come and whom you shall find negligent or remiss in our 
service after they come, that we may apply suitable remedies, for 
we will not endure remissness in what so much concerns the 
reputation of our government. In the meantime you are to go on 
vigorously and to give us frequent accounts. You shall also enquire 
after the spreaders of false news, hy which such disorders are 
encouraged and our authority disparaged. [Nearly 2 pa(ies. S.P. 
Scotland, Warrant Book 3, p. 253.] 

June 12. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant for a grant of a 
Whiwhall, baronetcy of Ireland to Robert Heading, and the heirs male of 
his body, with remainder to the issue male of his daughter, 
Elizabeth Reading, with a discharge to him of all services and 
payments to be performed or made on account of the said dignity 
being conferred on him. [5.P. Dom., Signet Office, Vol. 9, 
p. 820.] 

June 19. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
Dowr. departure of the mails and packet-boats. [S.l'. Dom., Car. II. 371, 

No. 75.] 

June 13. Warrant to the Earl of Arlington, Lord Chamberlain, for awear- 
Whiiehaii. ing Mary, the wife of William Young, into the place of Seamstress 

and Laundress to the King, in reversion after Chiffinch, who 

now enjoys the same. [Precedents l,f. 80.J 

June 14. Hugh Morrell to Williamson. Having been informed by a 

Qaraon Hnii. gentleman lately come from London, that his Honour had given 

diroctions in several places there for summoning up several clothiers 



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from the counties to attend hiB Majesty in reference to clothing and 
the regulating of English manafactUres of all kinds, which now, 
wanting the same, are so false and deceitfully made that the nation 
and its manufactures are now in no esteem compared with what they 
have been, and wool is now fallen from its usual price, 12rf. per lb. 
or more, to 4, 5 and 6(/., proposing the estabhshment of a Committee 
for Trade in London consistiDg of 31 of the ablest bred merchants 
of London, of each company one or two, but no Lords, being beneath 
their dignity and out of their element. To this committee all the 
corporations in England relating to clothing, or mines of tin, coals, 
iron, &c., or manufactures of old or new draperies might weekly or 
monthly make their addresses tor directions or instructions or 
represent rules for government, to be confirmed by his Majesty and 
the Privy Council relating to the true making of English manufac- 
tures, which this committee is to consult on and then report to his 
Majesty and the Privy Council with their grounds for his Majesty's 
confirmation, so that this committee would be properly his Majesty's 
subordinate council for all the counties to prepare and perfect their 
addresses for his Majesty and the Council, to free them from the 
laborious and intricate mysteries of clothing and commerce, and 
hinder the clothiers spending their time and money by often coming 
up to London. Were this committee established, several things of 
intricate nature of trade, commerce, sea afTairs and the like might 
be referred to them, as his Majesty's father and the Privy Council 
did to the committee the writer (who is now 82) procured. [S.P. 
Dom., Car. 7/. 371, iVo. 76.] 

June 14. T. Aslaby to Williamson. 34 light colliers are now loosing out of 
Bridlington, this bay with a fair wind, being S.8E. The master of a vessel from 
Norway informs us, that, when he came from thence, it was reported 
that war was proclaimed betwixt Sweden and Denmark. Yesterday 
here was a great meeting of Quakers, and other Nonconformists 
have their constant meetings as formerly, \_lbid. No. 77.] 

June 14. Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. The Hope of this port came 
W^mouUi. ia^ which left St. Malo last Wednesday. The master and 
passengers report that three days before their coming away the 
difference at Rennes was not composed, A merchant, a i)assenger, 
reports that 13 of the officers for collecting the new duty on tobacco 
had been burnt by the townsmen of Rennes, but on speaking with 
the master and others I cannot find any truth in this report. 
Other shipping news, llbid. No. 78.] 



Williamson. Shipping news. Wind N. 



Francis Bellott to 
[Ibid. No. 79.] 

The King to the Dean and Chapter of Winchester. 
Recommending Richard Stanesby for the office of bailiff of Martin 
Hill fair near Winchester, with the profits of the same, at the yearly 
rent of 101., as held by his late father, Richard Stanesby, and 
by his late brother, James Stanesby. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 27, 
/■ 70.] 



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1675. 
June 14. 

Whiteliall. 



[June?] 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Secretary Coventry to the Attorney-General. Signifying his 
Majesty's pleasure that he prepare a proclamation according to the 
enclosed heads to be ready lor his consideration nest Council day. 
iPrecedents 1, /. 80.] Enchted, 

The said heath, being those oftlie proclamation calendared post, 
p. 168 [Ibid.'} 

Thomas Neale to the King. Petition for a patent for 14 years 
for his invention of a pump serviceable for draining minea and 
other uses of that nature, which forces and draws water with one 
and the same stroke. At the fool, 

Reference thereof to the Attoi-ney-Generai, and his report in 
faronr of the jietitioner'a request. 22 June. \_S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 871, No. 80.] Annexed, 
Diagram of the pump in question. {_Ihid. No. 80 i.] 



Another copy of the above reference. 
p. 31.] 



^.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 



[.Tune?] Henry Jermyn to the King. Petition for a grant of a certain 

old way from Cheveley to Newmarket, that he may enclose the 
same, be laying out a new way on bis own ground and at his own 
charges in the manner directed by the inquisition therein men- 
tioned. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 81.] 

Jane 15. Silas Taylor to Williamson. Towards evening last Sunday one 
Harwich. o£ qu^ packet-hoats arrived with very little news. I saw in a 
letter from Holland, that the French forces hegan to retreat, but it 
was believed to be only a French trick, as the writer words it. 
There was also a confirmation that the States bad declared war 
against the Swedes. The wind has been these three days and still 
is northerly. [Ihid. No. 82.] 

June 15. A, Goodyeare to Williamson. The Bristol, Sir John Berry com- 
pijniouth. mander, departed hence for Newfoundland this afternoon. I 
enclose the list of ships arrived. {Ibid. No. 83.] Enclosed, 
The said list. {Ibid. No. 88 iT] 

June 15. Order by the Duke of Monmouth that, whereas there has been an 
Whitehall, ancient order in the garrison of Hull against listing or entertaining 
any soldier in any of the companies known to be married, which of 
late has not been observed as it ought by reason of the removal of 
companies from and to the said garrison, and whereas there are two 
companies, the Governor's and the Deputy Governor's, constantly 
residing in the said garrison, which are not subject to be removed 
as the others are, the respective officers of the said companies do 
not in future list or entertain any man as a soldier that shall be 
married, snd, if any soldier of the said companies marry after being 
listed, he shall for that reason forthwith he disbanded, but this does 
not include the soldiers already married before the date of this order, 
who are hereby dispensed with to continue in the said companies, 
provided they otherwise do their duties. [S.P. Dom., Entrti Book 
41, p. 40.} 



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CHARLES II. 



1675. 
June 15. Reference to the Attoiney-General of the petition of several 
Whitehnll. geDtlemen and citizens using the exercise of Archery about the City 
of London and the suburbs, about certain fields, wherein they 
always had right to shoot, eneloeed by sundry personB, and praying 
a commission under the Great Seal for the enquiring and reforming 
thereof. [6'.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 31.] 

June 15. Warrants for the naturalization of the Greenland Adi-cntvre and 
WhitehftU. the IIo2)e, flyboats of about 800 tons burden bought by the Green- 
land merchants of Hull and furnished out for that voyage. Minutes. 
IHome Office, Warrant Book 1, j). 65.] 

June 16. Licence to Henry Jermyn to stop up for the enlargement of his 
WhitehiJl. park at Cheveley, Cambridgeshire, part of a road from Chevetey to 
Newmarket from the south-east corner of the said park to another 
corner thereof called Warriner's Corner, he making at his own 
charges and in hie own ground a substituted way. Minute. {_Ibid. 
p. 66.] 

June 15. IrVarraiit for a letter conntilutin;^ Sir Thomas Wallace of Craigie, 
Whitehall, ^j^^. q[ ^i^ Senators of the College of Justice, Justice Clerk in place 

of Sir William Lockhart of Lee, deceased. [S.jP. Scotland, Watrant 

Book 3, p. 255.] 

June 15. Warrant for a letter granting to the said Sir Thomas Wallace a 
Wbitehsll. yearly pension of 400/. sterling during his continuance in office. 
llhid. p. 257.] 

June 15. The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury and Exchequer 
WhitehftU. jjj Scotland. Being very sensible of the fidelity and integrity of 
Sir Adam Blair, lately one of the receivers of the revenue in 
Scotland, and particularly of his readiness to improve his own 
private credit for bringing money into our Exchequer when we 
were in Scotland, when our own revenues came in but very slowly, 
and being thereby obliged to take care that his zeal for us in such a 
troublesome time may not prejudice him in his private fortune, we 
hereby authorize and require you to cause those formerly commis- 
sionate for auditing such accounts to proceed with all possible 
diligence to audit the said Sir Adam's accounts, charge and discharge, 
and to state the balance thereof without any delay on pretence that 
Sir William Lockhart of Carstaires, whose father was one of the 
receivers of the said revenues, has not made his accounts, and if, 
on stating the said Sir Adam's accounts, it shall be found he is 
super -expended, we hereby authorize and require you to take a 
speedy and effectual course for his repayment, \lbid. p. 258-] 

June Henry Sandys to Williamson. At your last return from Holland 

[before the you expressed a kindness to me for my father's sake. Now, being 
16th.] in necessity and wanting bread, I beg your kind assistance, begging 
you to let the King know my condition is so had that without his 
gracious favour I must finish in a gaol. I once had an employment, 
a colour in the regiment of Foot Guards, which I served in almost 
seven years after two engagements at sea. Then I had the honour 
to dance at Court, which expense was so great that, having Col. 
BuBsell's ill-will, I was forced to sell my command to pay my 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



June 16. 

Anotholme. 



JuDe 16. 



debts, which I had never run into but for dancing at Court. When 
I sold ray employment, I resolved to go with Sir Jonathan Atkins 
to Barbados, but I was otherwise advieed by them who now eligbt 
me most, and, since there is not any hope of my father's return, I 
beg his Majeisty will not let me starve, who am now very near it. 
Had I behaved to the disgrace of the employment I served in or 
the disparagement of my family, I had deserved it, but, since 1 
have done neither, I fling myself at your feet to implore his 
Majesty's favour and sudden relief. [S.P. horn., Car. II. 371, 
No. 84.] 

Henry Sandys to Williamson. My friend gave me an account of 
the letter I sent you, which I beg you will pai-don me for. My 
condition is so bad that, unless I have your good counsel and 
assistance, I must not expect any thing. Some, that pretend to be 
my friends, leave me in the utmost extremity. The Duke of 
Monmouth has been several times acquainted with my condition, 
who promised to do something tor me. I beg you will remind him 
of my condition, who does not think it so bad as it is, and, if it be 
best, as in my apprehension it is, I beg you to desire him to send 
me to the French army. My father, I hope, will return you thanks. 
I will send my friend to wait on you when you command. 
[IbUl. No. 85.] 

Edward Homsby to 'Williamson. About a month ago I wrote 
you two lines concerning my son, which, I hope, you received. I 
bad some notice that you would have him to some trade, and what 
you do with him I sliall humbly condescend to, for I have a great 
many more children, and we have very hard times, and what I am 
able to do for my son shall not be undone, but I hope you will take 
it into consideration and do something for me and my child, and I 
hope what you do tor ua the Lord will repay you, for we are never 
able to do it for what you have done already. I would have written 
to you when my son came up, but there were some that hindered 
me. [IhU. No. 86.] 

Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. There is a strong report, 
which is probably true, that Col. Bingham, the high sheriff of our 
county ia dead. Mr. Audley Grey, that stood on the prick with 
him is also dead. The third person is one Sydenham. Mr. John 
Klitchell of Kingston, Col. Bingham's son-in-law, is a fit person to 
serve out the year, if his Majesty please. [Ibid. No. 87.] 



Hugh Acland to Williamson. 
No. 88.] 



No news. Wind S.W. [Ibid. 



Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 13th came in to Helford 
the Content of Falmouth with salt from St. Martin's, which saya 
that two days after they came out they met a Biscay caper of 10 
guns, which very much abused the master aud men by putting 
burning matches betwixt their fingers and gave the master several 
hundred blows, although they had their sea-brief with them, to 
make tbem confess they belonged to the French, and took from 
them what small things they had on board, and oil their clothes 



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CHARLES 11. 



and some of the ahip's provision. Thia base ustige makes our 
smftll vessels afraid to go to sea. The 14th six great ships passed 
Eastward before thia harbour, wind N.W., which, it is supposed, 
may be Eaat India or Straits ships. The proroguing the Parhament, 
and no public Acts passing give cause of various talking here. 
[S.P. Dum., Car. II. 371, No. 89.] 

June 16. Privy Seal for payment of 300/. to Richard Bulstrode for his 
equipage in going to the campaign. Minute. [S.P. Horn., Entry 
Book 26, /. 196.] 

June 16. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of the Lord Mayor 
WhitebBtl. miJ Aldermen of London, praying the remission of an arrear of 
1,159/. 17s. "Ad. of the laat IB months' assessment in addition to the 
800/. jJiT month remitted in the laat Lord Treasurer's time, in regard 
of many houses therein uninhabited and tofts of ground unbuilt &c. 
{S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, ^i. 32.] 

June 16. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Edward 
Christian praying payment of 200/., part of an arrear due from his 
Majesty to .John Crofts, who was indebted to the petitioner's father- 
in-law. [Iliid.^ 

June 16. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Lewis Morgan, 
Whiuhall. gon of John Morgan, late one of the Yeomen of the Guard, deceased, 
praying sunh an estate as shall please his Majesty in the three little 
outhouses at Royston that belonged to Royston House, now in the 
possession of Edward Sutton, Philip Bright, and Elizabeth Salla- 
way, which are of the yearly value of 10 or 12/. {_Ibid. p. 33.] 

Jane 16. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Sir Richard 
Whitehall. Browne, clerk of the Privy Council, about his arrears as Resident 
from his late and present Majesty at Paris from 1641. [i/iw/.] 

June 16. The King to the Bishop of Salisbury. Recommending Joseph 

Whitehall. Barker, M.A., domestic chaplain to the Speaker, for the next 

vacant prebend in that church. [S.P. Dom., E/tti-y Book 47, ]>■ 7.] 

June 16. The King to the Dean and Chapter of Wells. Recommending 
whiiefatii. Joseph Barker, named in the last entry, for the next vacant place 

of residentiary in that church, in which he already holds a prebend. 

ITbid. p. 8.] 

Drafts of the last two documents in Williamson's hand. [^S.P, 
Dom., Car. 11. 371, Nos. 90, 91.] 

Jane 16. Presentation of Dr. Timothy Halton to the Archdeaconry of 
Oxford, void by the promotion ot Dr. Barlow to the Bishopric ol 
Lincoln, and in the King's gittpro har vice. Minute. [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Book 47, p. 8.] 

June 16. Secretary Coventry to — House, Mayor of Reading. His 

Whitehall. Majesty, being informed by Sir William Armorer, J.P. for Berkshire, 

that you pretend to have an order or warrant for remitting fnios 

imposed at the assizes on persous offending against the Act against 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Coiiveuticlee attested under my band, hae commanded me to 
require you forthwith to send me an authentic copy of such 
order or warrant as you pretend to have. {_Precedents 1,/. 81.] 

June 17, Proclamation forbidding subjects to give assistance to any of the 
VMiitfhBll. King of Spain's subjects now in rebellion against him. Complaint 
liaving been made to us by Don Pedro Bonquillo, envoy extraor- 
dinary from the said King that several merchants and other 
subjects have carried provisions and given assistance to those of 
Messina, now in rebellion against the said King, contrary to the 
treaty of 1667 between us and the said King, we expressly command 
all our subjects to forl>ear giving any assistance to those of Messina 
or any other of the said King's subjects in rebellion against him. 
[Piinted. S.P. Dom., Proclamations 3, p. 336.] 

June 17. The Duke of Lauderdale to the President of the Session. 

wiiitchsii. Informing them that his Majesty desires them to dispense with 
the absence of Sir John Lockhart, one of the Senators, during the 
session, as he is obliged to go to London and perhaps to Paris to 
look after the concerns of his brother, the ambassador, who is lately 
deceased. [S.P. Scotland, l\ arrant Book 3, j), 259.] 

June 18. Certiiieate by Sir George Waterman that Augustin Hanson on 
that day took before him the oaths of allegiance and supremacy. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, ^'o. 92.] 

June 18. The Earl of Bridgwater to Williamson. Gequesting that he 
might receive his Majesty's licence for making Sir Thomas Main- 
waring and Nathaniel Booth deputy lieutenants for Cheshire 
dispatched in due form. [/iiii. No. 93.] 

June 18. Richard Potts to Williamson. 

Stootlon. ,Vo. 94.] 

June 18. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 

I'ljinouth. \lbid. No. 95.] Enclosed, 

The said list. [Ibid. No. 96 1.] 



No news. Wind 8.W. [Ibid. 



Warrant for a grant to Sir Edward Carteret, first gentleman 
usher daily waiter, of the estate of Jonathan Frost, forfeited by his 
conviction for clipping and coining. [S.P. Jhm., Entry Book 26, 
/. 195.] 

Sir J. Williamson to Sir Francis Chaplin. In favour of 
Simon Seaman, son to his Majesty's interpreter of the Turkish and 
Eastern languages, whose suit is to be Clerk to our Company. 
Though as a poor member of it I could not allow him to ask for his 
Majesty's letter, I most willingly grant him mine, and beg you to 
second my request to the rest of our brethren Clothworkers. I beg 
you to speak to my brother Robinson, Gauden, Sir W. Peake, my 
brother Burkin, Beekford, &e. {S.P. Dtrin., Entry Book 43, p. 42.] 

Approbation by the King of Sir Thomas Mainwaring and 
Nathaniel Booth to be deputy lieutenants of Cheshire. [S.P, 
Dom., F.ntn/ Book 44, /i. 14.] 



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CHARLES 11. 



1675. 
June 18. 



[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 871, 



The King to the Sub-Warden and Pellowa of New College, 
Oxford. Aa he understands the wardenship of the College is void 
by the death of Dr. Woodward, and tliat they are now choosing a 
euccessor, leaving them entirely tree in the election, and declaring 
that certain letters granted some years in favour of Richard 
Rowlandson, M.A., one of the Fellows, containing the King's 
recommendation of him in general for such suitable preferment from 
the College as his loyalty and good affection to the King and the 
Church might entitle him to, are not to be applied to this case or 
used for influencing the present election. [^S.P. Dom., Entry Hook 
47, p. 9.] 

Draft thereof in Williamson's band. 
No. 96.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant, Warrant after reciting a 
reference to the Committee for Iiish Affairs of the petition of 
Edmond Nugent and their report, which was that his father, Col. 
Robert Nugent, faithfully sei-ved in the late wars of Ireland under 
the Duke of Ormonde, till that kingdimi was overrun by the 
usurper, under whom he suffered great afQiction and imprisonment 
for tus loyalty, and was divested of his ancient estate and forced into 
Connaught, where he was constrained to take lands, that a con- 
siderable part of the said lands has been restored to several persons 
by the Acts of Settlement and Explanation and no reprisal set out 
to the petitioner for the same, that the petitioner was postponed 
from a hearing of his innoceney for this sole account, though then 
a minor, that the said Col. Robert Nugent was to have been restored 
to all his estate by the Act of Settlement, but never received any 
henelit thereof, and that the lands therein described in the barony 
of Burren, Clare, and in the barony of Gallon, Mayo, are all that 
remain to the petitioner of the said transplanted lands in Connaught, 
and that the lands therein described in the half barony of Fore, 
Weatmeath, were part of the said Robert Nugent's ancient estate, 
to which he was to have been restored by the Act of Settlement, and 
are now in the petitioner's possession, or are undisposed of by the 
Commissioners of the late Court of Claims, and that the said report 
had been approved in Council, authorizing and requiring him to 
cause a grant to be passed to the said Edmond Nugent and his heirs 
of all the King's right, title and interest in the lands particularly 
mentioned in the said report, under the services and quit-rents 
reserved thereon by the Acts of Settlement and Explanation- 
[^ pages. S.P. Dom., Signet Office, Vol. 9,p. 818.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant for swearing and 
admitting Sir William Gore to be a Privy Councillor in Ireland. 
[Ibid. p. 320.] 

Warrant to the Attorney-General to prepare a grant to James, 
Earl of Northampton, of the office of Constable of the Tower to be 
held during pleasure. Siffn manual- ComttersUjned, " 3. William- 
son." [S.P. Dom., Car. JI. 371, No. 97.] 

Draft thereof. [Ibid. So. 98.] 

Minnte thereof, lllonie OJfice, Warrant Book 1, p. 67.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Anthony Thorold to Williamson. The 17th arrived the Windsor 
from St. Miilo and Guernsey, and the Prosperous from Morlaix. 
The inaBt«rB of both Bay there are {;reat insurrections and risings 
in several other places in that province as well as at Bennes, standing 
out against the late edicts imposing a great duty on tobacco and 
many other things. The Due de Chauhies, going amongst them 
with his Lieut.-tiovemor to appease them, has received a slight 
hurt in his face, and the other mortally wounded. The Marquis 
Guabryau with some others and some English merchants went 
from Morlaix to Brest, where the Duke now is, to visit him upon 
it. This vessel about mid Channel fell in with a Beet of al>out 
12 Dutch men-of-war making westward, but they would give no 
information, but ordered them to get out of their fleet. The great 
trading place of St. Malo and Morlaix is now but little commerce, 
and our ships, which so frequently visit them, now have but httle 
encouragement to go there. The islands of Guernsey and Jersey 
are well. iS.V. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 99.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant, after reciting that 
the report of the Committee for Irish Affairs on the petition of the 
Trustees for man^ng the security of the '49 ofBcers bad been 
approved in Council the 16tb instant, for observing the instructions 
following in the future management of that interest : — First, he is 
to cause the grant intended to Col. Cary Dillon in pursoance of the 
letters of 21 Sept., 1673, and 2 March, 1G74, and H June, 1674, to 
be stopped for the many iDconvenieucies that appear in the same ; 
next, he is to take care, that in the distribution of what is or shall 
be discovered to appertain to that security, no '49 officer have any 
more than the 4«. Id. in the pound already received, till those that 
are deficient receive as much ; nest, that whoever is deficient of the 
said 4a. Id. in the pound, and shall discover wherewith he may be 
satisfied to that proportion, his discovery to be applied thereunto, 
but all persons concerned to have equal liberty of discovery in all 
places and at all times ; and lastly, that whatever surplus remaiaa, 
after any discoverer is so satisfied, is to go into the common stock 
in order to a general distribution. {S.P. Dom., Signet Office, 
Vol. 9, p. 321.] 

William Harris to Edmund Naden at the Bed Lion in Ilolbom. 
I have received your lett«r, and none of us can make a discovery 
of any man in that case, unless we must do them wrong, and also 
concerning ourselves we are nothing guilty, but there is a sort of 
idle persons that, if a man will not please them with what they 
would have, either money or victuals, will swear anything for 5jf., 
and will invent anything that they know will hold to ruin any 
honest man, for they can hurt no one in any other case, because 
they are people of no credit, but, if they should swear as they have 
not, the country knowing their condition, we hope it will take no 
effect, for the God of heaven knows it is wrong if they do. This is 
lo desire you, if it may be done on the terms you writ, to dispatch 
it, otherwise to repair home with all speed. You have writ thrice 
as to a discovery and, if you write a nuudred times, it la all one, 



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for we know nothing in that case, and bo satisFy youreelf and those 
you treat with. We desire you to make haste home, if the husiness 
will not be done. [S.P. Voiii., Car. II. 371, No. 100.] 

June 20. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and departure 
Do'er, of packet-boats and mails. Last night went to sea a packet-boat 
for Nieuport with the mail and some few passengers, among them 
Lord Castlehaven. [Ibid. No. 101.] 

June 20. Secretary Coventry to the Attorney-General. This petition being 
WhiwhaJl. presented this afternoon to his Majesty, he has commanded me to 
send it you to consider what lawful way the Lord Mayor may be 
redeemed from this affitir, and that you wait on his Majesty in 
person to-morrow morning to deliver your opinion. With note 
that the petition was from the Lord Mayor praying his Majesty to 
interpose his authority to keep him from appearing at the King's 
Bench Bar, he being very ill and the honour of the City concerned. 
[Precedents 1,/. 61.] 

June 20. Robert Leigh to [Williamson.] Recommending the bearer, Mr. 
Dublin. St. George, King at Arms for Ireland. [A'.P. Ireland, Car. II. 
335, No. 167.] 

[June ?] Goodwin Whart<m to the King. Petition praying for patents for 

14 years for his new inventions for buoying up ships sunk in the 

sea, and for landing goods from or tor putting them on board ships. 

.it one side, 

June 21. Reference thereof to the Attorney or Solicitor-General. At the 

WhitehaU. other side, 

Report by Francis Winnington, Solicitor-General, in favitir oj 
granting the prayer of the petition. 3 July. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 371, No. 102.] 



[June?] Another copy of the above reference. 
46, p. 33.] 



[S.P. Dom., Entry Hook 



Margaret Williamson to her brother [-in-law] Williamson. By a 
letter from cousin Williamson I perceive you order to be paid to 
Dean Smith the moneys due from the quarry and the 1001. legacy 
left you by my dear husband. I have already paid Mr. Dean what 
is received about the quarry, and should willingly obey your com- 
mands to pay iu the 1002., if my abilities were answerable to my 
desires. I confess it's your undoubted right, and the effect of your 
great kindness to forbear me so long. But I have met with many 
troubles and disappointments in the manage of that concern, which 
I could not have grappled with but by the unwearied advice and 
assistance of some very kind friends. They can suflBciently witness 
that many considerable debts due to my husband have proved 
desperate by the insolvency of debtors or insufficiency of evidence 
to prove them, and what he was owing is much advanced beyond 
what I expected, not only as to his accounts iu the Exchequer, 
but in the county also, several claiming considerable sums 
whom I eoQclnded debtors to him. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 871, 
No. 108.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
June 21. 
Windecr. 



Dr. Gregory HaBcard to Williflmson. I have received the Lord 
Chamberlain's Iett«F to wait for the Dean of Carlisle this next 
month. I am fully assured this kindness comes from you, and 
shall the more industriously fit myself for this atteodance that I 
may not forfeit that character you bestow on me. Dr. Child pre- 
sents bis most humble service and has sent to my house an harp- 
sichord against your coming. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 104.J 

June 21. T, Aslaby to Williamson. Near 200 light colliers are now at 
BridiingioD. anchor in the bay expecting a fair wind, it being much northerly. 
llbid. No. 105.J 

June 21. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Last Friday came in a small 
rendonnis, vessel from Brest, who tells us, that there are in Brittany often 
insurrections among them, opposing and wounding the Commis- 
sioners for Excise and other impositions. He says likewise, 7 or 8 
Algier men-of-war are in the Channel, and that an Ostender of 16 
guns had much to do to escape them. There are a few small 
vessels in the harbour and the great Dutch vessel that has been 
here this six months continues here still, expecting a convoy. 
Wind northerly. [Ibid. No. 106.] 

June 21. ■ Warrant for a pardon to William Maskll of York, goldsmith, 
Whitehall, for clipping and coining, he having acknowledged his crime, 

discovered several confederates and given security to prosecute 

them. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 28,/. 137.] 

June 21. Caveat entered at the Signet Office at the desire of the Master, 
Wardens and Assistants of the Trinity House that no grant pass for 
the incorporating of Lightermen and Ballastmen till notice be given 
to Mr. Secretary. {S.P. Dom., Eniry Book 45, p. 11.] 

[June?] Request that the above caveat may be entered. {S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. S71, No. 107.] 

[June ?] John Sumpter, prisoner in the gaol for Berkshire, to the King. 
Petition, stating that he was convicted at the last summer assizes 
for highway robbery, but reprieved, and, it being his first ofFence, 
praying that he may be allowed to serve on any of his Majesty's 
frigates, as he faithfully did in the late Dutch wars. At the side, 
June 22. liefereiice thereof tn the Judge of Assite that sat on the petitioner. 

WhiUhaU. 'llbui. X„. 108.] Annexed, 

Report hy Sir Kduard Thvrland that Sumpter 11:09 convicted for 
the highway robbery 0/ Andrew Piatt and taking from him 41. in 
money, and had judgment, btit, it being alleged it teas his first 
offence, and he being able bodied to sene in the plantations 
beyond the seas and desirous to do sti, the judge reprieved him, 
and bis Majesty commanded a respite till hi* further pleasvrs 
he knoirn, and submitting to his Mqjesty's consideration whether 
he be an object for a free jiardon or for one with the nsiial 
clause of transportation'. 2 Nor., 1676. [Ibid. No. IO81.] 

June 22. Silas Taylor to Williamson. About 11 last Saturday night one of 

Harwich, gyf packet-boats arrived. The master and passengers report that 

Limburg was taken by the French, and that the Prince of Orange 

having joined the Duke of Lorraine's and the Liinenberg forces, was 



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pressing on to engage the French, which the; declined. This was 
the general discourse in Holland, when they came thence last 
Thursday. The wind is northerly. The packet-boat which should 
have left the Brill last Saturday ia not yet arrived here. {!:>.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 871, No. 109.] 

June 22. Richard Watts to Williamson. To-day his Majesty's new ship. 
Deal. the Harwich, arrived in the Downs. The report here is that his 
Majesty will honour our parts with his royal person this week. 
[Ibid. No. 110.] 

June 22. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. No ships have arrived since I sent 
Plyniouih. the last Ust. {lUd. No. 111.] 

June 22. Warrant to Sir T. Chicheley. " Whereas, in order to the finding 
Whiteball out of the longitudos of places for perfecting navigation and 
astronomy, we have resolved to huild a small observatory within 
our park at Oreenwich upon the highest ground at or near the 
place where the Castle stood, with lodging rooms for our 
astronomical observator and assistant, our wiB and pleasure is that 
according to such plot and design as shall be given you by . . . 
Sir Christopher Wren ... of the place and site of the said 
observatory, you cause the same to be fenced in, built and finished 
with all convenient speed," the materials and workmen to be paid 
for by the Treasurer of the Ordnance out of the moneys coming to 
his hands for old and decayed powder sold by tbe order of 1 Jan. 
last, provided that the whole sum to be expended shall not exceed 
SOOl. IS.P. Dom., Entry Book 44, p. 15.] 

June 22. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Ellen, Lady 
Whitehall. KJnsalo, mother and administratrix of Patrick, Lord Courey, Baron 
of Kinsale, deceased, praying an order for payment to her of 387/. 
(on a pension of 1501-, paid to his ancestors by his Majesty's 
progenitors, from his predecessor's death, but by reason of the said 
Patrick's patent two years and three months after his father's 
death not paid him during that time) out of the Irish revenue, 
after the end of Lord Ranelagh's undertaking at Christmas, 1676. 
IS. P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 34.] 

June 22. Warrant to the Lord Keeper for a bill constituting Edward Grey, 
Sir William Roberts, Sir Thomas Daniell, Edward Progers, George 
Weld, Richard Kirby, Edmund Wareupp, Philip Bulstrode, Cornwall 
Bradshaw, John Harris, Samuel Maidwell, Francis Weaver, and 
Philip Burton, Commissioners for licensing Hackney Coaches. 
Minute. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 67.] 

Two drafts thereof, in one of which Henry Eillegrew is 
substituted for Weld. IS.P. Dom., Cor. II. 371, Nos. 112, 113.] 

[June?] Note that Mr. Killegrew desires that Sir W. Roberts, E. Wareupp, 
Cornewall Bradshaw, and John Harris may be put in the room of 
Ambrose Scudamore, Emery Hill, Anthony Gawdy, Edward 
Brooke, Edward Woodward, John Hoskins, Symond Smith, and 
Henry Feck, or in the room of which fonr of Uiem Mr. Secretary 
pleases, so as the number do not exceed 21. [Hnd. No. 114.] 



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174 DOMESTIC STATE PAPEES. 

1676. ' 

[June?] LiBtB of the personB to be left oat being those mentioned in the 
last entry witli the a<]dition of George Wehl ; of those that were to 
supply the detects of the old commission and make the number 21, 
viz., Edward Grey, Sir Reginald Forster, Sir Richard Mauleverer, 
Sir Thomaa Daniel), Sir William BowIcb, Sir Thomas Gery, Sir 
John Kirke, Edward Progera, William Erskin, John Mitton, Henry 
Progecs, and Richard Kirby ; and of the persons in the warrant Mr. 
Killegrew gave Mr. Secretary, being those in the last entry but two 
with the omission of Wehl and the addition of Henry Killegrew and 
Henry Progers. [S.P. Dim., Cai. 11. 371, Xo. 115.] 

June 22. Passes for six and for three soldiers belonging to the Army in 
Ireland to go to Waterford and to Dublin resi>ectively. [Home 
Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 67.] 

[June?] John Combes, mercer, of London, to the King. Petition, stating 

that the petitioner was robbed last February of goods to the value 

ofabout 80/., that John Ashmore and Richard Short were condemned 

at the last gaol delivery of Newgate, and have confessed themselves 

instruments of the fact, and that they sold the goods to Anne 

Ivery and John Collyer, brokers, for 3/. 10»., against whom the 

petitioner can have no remedy at law, unless by the evidence of the 

said Ashmore and Short, and therefore praying that they may be 

inserted in the next free pardon for poor convicts in Newgate. At 

the foot, 

June 23. liefercnce ihercoj to the Itcvorder oj London. On the bofk, 

Whitehall. /^,g rejntrt, that Combes uas robbed of the said goods and that 

Ashmore and Short were conricted as accessories or otherwise 

to l>e transported, irho remaininif in prison made some discovery 

to the petitioner that the goods irere disjyosed of by them to 

bmhers, against whom the petitioner can hate no remedy at law 

except by their testimony, uhich cannot be allowed ofwitltout a 

jiardon, and, if they be pardoned in order to transportation, 

and ajierwards be transjiorted before the petitvmer can hare a 

trial ai/ainst the brokers, he will be irifhont any remedy, and 

therefore he hnmhly conceives it fit, tliat Ashmore and Short be 

jmt in the pardon for transjiorlatiim, but be kept in prison till a 

trial can be had against the brokers, that use may be made oj 

their testimony at the trial, arul that, if they shaU make an 

effectual proof to connct the brokers, they may then he put into 

the next pardon for eonrirts in Newgate without transportation, 

because he is jealous that these delinquents may possibly delude 

tlie petitioner on pretence oJ their discovery, and, iiaring 

obtained a free pardon, afterwards wUl be left to their liberty to 

make good the accusation against the bivkers, or may perhaps be 

bribed by them to the contrary. 26 June. [S.P, Dom., 

Car. II. 371, No. 116.] 

Another copy of the above reference. \S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 
p. 84.] 

[June?] Christian and Elizabeth Hayes, daughters of Col. Patrick Hayes, 
to the King. Petition, stating that the petitioners had been hindered 
from obtaining the benefit of the order in Council of 19 Dec, 1673, 



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CHARLES 11. 



(calendared ia S.P. Dom., 1673-1675, p. 63), concerning the debt 
due to them by the Senate of Hamburg, by reason of Secretary 
Coventry's being changed from the Northern Province, also by Sir 
W. Swan, the Resident at Hamburg, having been long in England, 
and having hut lately gone thither ; that they, having since hiB 
departure applied to Secretary WilliamBoii for him to execute the 
said order, he showed them a copy of the King's letter of rs Jily> 
1661 (calendared tibtsif/iru), which was obtained by Vincent Garmers, 
Syndic to the said Senate, who is very nearly related to the 
person who first detained the petitioners' estate, one clause whereof 
relates to the petitioners, which letter, they apprehend, was 
obtained by surprise upon hia Majesty, he having since very 
often heard their case and ordered it to be examined, to all which 
references the Hamburg Resident was summoned, and the said 
letter was never objected against the petitioners, and praying that 
his Majesty would grant them letters of reprisals, or would direct 
Secretary Williamson to write effectually, whereby the petitioners 
after so long s time may be satisfied their debt of 46,000 fix doUara, 
and their interest, costs, and damages. {S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, 
No. 117.] 

Jime 23. Order in Council on the above petition that a copy thereof be 
Whiiehkll. ggjit to Secretary Williamson, who is to instruct Sir W. Swan to 

make interest for the petitioners' satisfaction with the Senate of 

Hamburg, llbid. A'w. 118.] 

[June?] George Porter to the King. Petition for a lease for 40 years of 
the herbage and pannage of Meracough Park in the county and 
Duchy of Lancaster, with the lodge and cow pasture and moss 
thereto adjoining with the right of turbary therein mentioned, in 
reversion on the expiration of a lease made by the late King to 
Elizabeth Howard, a maid of honour to the late Queen, by virtue 
whereof Edward Tildt^Iey is in occupation of the premises, upon 
the same rents and services as are contained in the existing lease. 
At the side, 

June 23. Reference thereof to the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

Whitehall. [/tw. No. 119.] 

Another copy of the above reference. [^'-P. Dom., Entry Book 4G, 
p. 36.] 

June 23. Order in Council after reciting the order of 9 June, which directed 
Whitehdi. Secretary Williamson to make instance in behalf of Richard 
Wescombe and others (calendared ante, p. 157), that, upon what 
had been that day said touching the Treaty of Breda and the 
ratification thereof, the said order be superseded. {S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. S71, No. 120.] 

June 28. Hugh Morrell to the King. Consideration of his gracious speech 

***"''"'f^'"' *** ^^^ Parliament at their adjournment till October next, wherein 

""porvX'"''' ^^ ^*^ given them free liberty to petition him for redress, brings 

or rather enforces him, now in his old age past 82, humbly in 

this manner to make his addresses to his Sacred Majesty. He 

is enforced to make use of a near relation to present his petition 



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I7fi DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. 

to bis Majesty and the Honourable Board relating to his property, 
which is known to his Grace of Canterbury, Lord Holies, Secretary 
Williamson and others, but to that date he has been so unhappy 
as not to procure it to be read at the Board in bis Majesty's 
presence, which his Majesty's gracious speech encourages him that 
he will now obtain. AftiT the abore date is added, "but reserved 
by means of your Majesty's absence in your progress to this 9 Aug., 
and further retained to this 20 Sept." [S.I'. Dom., Car. II. 371, 
No. 121.] 

June 23, Col. John Russell to W. Bridgeman. Requesting him to prepare 
a commission for the bearer, Richard Pope, to be ensign to Capt. 
Richardson's company in the regiment of Foot Guards. \^Ibid. 
No. 122.] 

June 23. William Middleton to Williamson. I am confident your generous 
disposition will attribute my troubling you so frequently to my 
necessities occasioned by my former sufferings and my present long 
imprisonment, having now continued 18 months in durance. His 
Majesty has lately sent me word, that, if I can hnd out anything, 
I shall have his gracious favour. Now, Mr, White being dead, 
the Keeper's place of Ludgate is vacant, and the Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen and Common Council have the disposal thereof. The 
Clerk of the Peace told me that the Common Council will not 
allow such public offices to be sold, to avoid nil occasion of oppres- 
sion, and believes his Majesty's letter may easily prevail for it. I 
therefore humbly beseech you to take your opportunity to move his 
Majesty in my behalf. I am capable of the place, being a freeman, 
and I believe the chief in the House will incline to it. llbid. No. 
123. J 

June 23. Sir J. Williamson to Thomas Smith. Requesting his goodwill in 
whit«bBll. £avour of Mr. Bo [w]les for the Fellowship lately void by the death of 
Mr. Reekes. He is particularly recommended by the Duke of 
Ormonde as the son of a very loyal family and related to several 
considerable persons in his country. " It is all our care to keep off 
mandammes from the Universities, and that, we hope, may beget us 
some little interest in your kindness, when we find ourselves thus 
engaged to interpose our private recommendations." [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Book 43, p. 43.] 

June 23, Caveat that no pardon pass for Henry Slaughter of Lancashire 
for the death of Peter Slaughter, till notice be given to Mrs, Anne 
Banister in Little Suffolk Street, at a varnisber's bouse. [&'./'. 
Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 11.] 

June 23. Recommendation to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of the 
Wbiiehall. Preachers in Lancashire, praying a pension of 200i. per annum and 
the arrears thereof formerly allowed to such preachers as should 
be appointed by the Bishop of Chester to officiate in an itinerant 
way in the many chapels, otherwise not sufficiently provided for, and 
of the certificate of the members, deputy lieutenants, and justices of 
the said county. \_S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 34.] 



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CHARLES II. 177 

1675. '" 

June 28. Privy aesl for payment of 88,00(M. without account to Baptista 
Whitahall May, keeper of the Privy Purse, for the use of the same. [^Hoine 
OgKe, Warrant Book 1, 2>- 68.] 

June 28. Order ia Council, that the affidavits of John and Thomas Le 
Whitehall. Hongues (Houques) sworn before the magistrates of Guernsey 
(calendared in S.P. Dmn., 1678-1675, p. 336), be delivered to Secre- 
tary Wilhamson, who is to speak with the Dutch Ambassador 
thereupon in order to obtain satiafaction for the wrong they 
sofTered from the Dutch caper. [S.P. Channel Islandt 9, A'o. 80.] 

June 24. Silas Taylor to Williamson, The paeket-boat we expected to 
Harwioh. have come from the Brill last Saturday was, after coming out of 
the Maes, stopped by a caper, who, pretending a Brandenburg 
conuniasion, plundered all the Dutch passengers and took from 
them about 60 gtiiUlera, but meddled not either with French or 
English. The master landed his mail and passengers somewhere 
about Margate last Monday, and arrived here Tuesday evening. 
The wind all yesterday was easterly, hut to-day is more northerly. 
[S.P. D<m., Car, II. 371, .Vo. 124.] 

June 24. Warrant for a Privy Seal for a grant to Robert Williamson of 
WestDiioater. Lincoln's Inn of the offices of one of the clerks of the Privy Seal 
and of clerk of the Council of the Court of Requests for his life, so 
soon as the same shall become void by the death or other 
determinatioQ of the interests of the four clerks in possession and 
three others in reversion or any four of them. \lMin. On 
parchment. S.P. Dom., Car. II. Case F, No. 67.] 

June. Docquet thereof. {Docquets, Vol. 25, No. 362.] 

June 24. On the petition of Henry Brouncker desiring that a lease he has 
WbitehftU. of a house &e. at Sheen may be renewed and made up to 99 years, 
recommendation to the Lord Treasurer to give order for passing 
such a grant as is desired. {S.P. Dom., Entri/ Book 46, p. 86.] 

June 24. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Robert 
Whitehall. ThomhiU, praying a warrant to Dr. Lloyd in such manner as was 

before to Sir Walter Walker about prosecuting for prizes &c. in the 

Court of Admiralty. [/6irf.] 

June 24. The King to Ralph Montagu, Master of the Great Wardrobe. 

Wadninater. Warrant for the dehvery to the Bishop of Durham, Clerk of the 

Closet, of Uie following for the service of the King's Closet, viz., two 

Eialls of cloth of gold of two breadths apiece, and 5 yards apiece in 
ength, lined with fustian and fringed with gold and silk, and 
sewed with silk for the Communion Tables, two long and one short 
cushions of the like cloth of gold for the King's own seat, fringed 
and tasselled with gold, and sewed with silk, one dozen of small 
cushions of crimson velvet, both sides alike, to kneel on, one 
traverse of crimson taffeta containing 10 breadths and 5 yards deep, 
with lyors of thread, ribbons of silk and copper rings to it and 
sewed with silk, one demy carpet and two small carpets of Turkey 
work for the King's own seat, 12 yards of green doth to lay between 
12409 * U 



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178 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1676. — — 

three pair of fronts, every front containiag two yards, 16 ells of fine 
diaper for 4 cloths for the Communion, 20 ells ol fine Holland for 
4 cloths more for the Communion Table, 13 ells of fine diaper for 
two Communion towels, four surplices of fine Holland gathered, one 
bare hide of ox leather, two standards bound with iron with locks and 
keys to thera, two trussing coffers and one other coffer, two great 
and two leaser Bibles for the King's own use, bound accordingly, 
one dozen of service books, and two other service books bound 
accordingly, 2,000 hooka, a great fire shovel, a pair of tongs, one 
perfuming pan, two great hammers and two brusnes. [S.P. Dom., 
Suinet Office, Vol. 9, p. 322.] 

June 24. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrants for swearing and 
Whitehall, admitting Murrogh, Viscount Blessington, and Col. Randolph 
Clayton to be Privy Councillors in Ireland, llbid. pp. 323, S26.] 

June 24. The King to Ralph Montagu, Master of the Great Wardrobe. 
Wesimitiater. Warrant for the delivery to Thomas Haynes, Serjeant of the vestry, 
for the use of the Chapel Royal, of the following, viz., 4 surplices of 
fine Holland cloth gathered in the collar, two for the Dean and two 
for the Sab- Dean, 64 surplices of fine Holland cloth for the gentle- 
men of the said Chapel, 12 for the musicians and 36 of the like 
fine Holland cloth for the children of the said Chapel, 20 ells of 
fine diaper for four cloths for the Communion Table, 9 ells of fine 
Holland for two cloths for the Communion Table in the body of 
the Chapel, 20 ells of the like Holland cloth for 6 towels for the 
Communion, 7 ells of broad canvas and 4 yards of green cloth, 3 
Bibles of the great volume, 4 Communion books and 34 Psalter 
books, one Turkey demy carpet to lay before the Communion Table, 
and one other lesser Turkey carpet to lay on the Altar, one gross 
of points of silk for the copes, 3 standards, whereof one is for the 
song books of the said Chapel, being two sets more than formerly, 
2 bare hides of ox leather, 3,000 tenter hooks, 3 hammers, one fire 
shovel, and one pair of tongs, three block jacks, S gispins, 2 brushes, 
one perfuming pan of iron, 6 hour glasses, and one pair of iron 
andirons. [Ibitl. p. 823.] 

[Before Several Spanish Merchants to the King. Petition for an order 
June 25?] for hearing Sir M. Wescombe, consul at Cadiz, concerning the 
petition presented by them against him last November, with which 
Secretary Coventry was desired to acquaint him, he having now 
come over, and that the petitioners may be given notice thereof.' 
(See last volume of the calendar, p. 429.) [S.P. Don,., Car. II. 371, 
No. 126.] 

June 25. Sir John Robinson to Williamson. I have been much indisposed 
The Tower, those two days, yet yesterday and this afternoon was at Whitehall, 
but could not find you. I kissed his Majesty's hand, from whom j 
bad a promise by the Lord Keeper that I should not suffer. After 
that I waited on the Attorney-General, who told me he had not 
spoken with his Majesty alx>ut me, nor could he do anything, till he 
had a warrant directed to him. I intend to ride abroad to-morrow 
morning, which, I hope, may do me much good as to my health, and 
^all attend the Lord Keeper and the Attorney-General, and shall 



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June 25. 
F)7moDth. 



submit to bis Majesty's pleasure, be it what it will, with a sedate mind. 
Let me beg 70U to add to all your kindnesses, that, if his Majesty 
signs any warrant before hia going away, you would remit me a 
copy of it. Tbe Attorney-General has been so kind aB to promise 
to do nothing tilt he give me notice of it. I shall acquaint you with 
his and the Lord Keeper's mind when I have it, and beg your 
advice. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 126.] 

James Hiekes to Williamson. The colonel thinks that sendingyou 
down the labels is now rather trouble than any service, you having 
had them so long for inspection, by which he has been and is 
incapable of observing any defects, which daily he took notice of, if 
any, and by the following post wrote to the transgressors for 
redress, so he thinks it convenient to keep them, and ease you of 
that trouble, and use his own endeavours to keep affairs in as quick 
and current dispatch as he can. This ho has signified to me to be 
made known to you, which, in his opinion, you will be pleased with ; 
otherwise you will signify your further pleasure. 

I hope you wUl honour Sir Gilbert Talbot and Bobert Paton at 
dinner on Monday at Drapers' Hall with the society of the honest 
Archers, of which they are the present stewards, llbid. No. 1'27.] 

Anthony Isaacson to Williamson. Last Monday was tbe election 
of knights at Durham for that bishopric, the writ being sent down 
before the prorogation. The competitors were three. Sir James 
Clavering, Col. John Tempest and Mr, Vane, son of the late Sir 
Henry. They came to the poll, which continued from Monday 
morning to Wednesday night, and then, contrary to tbe 
expectation of most of the gentry, it was Sir J. Clavering's (and 
that country's) misfortune to have the fewest votes. 

The N.E. wind is still so predominant that few ships come in or 
out. [Ibid. No. 128.] 

Richard Fotts to Williamson. Last Monday at Durham b^an 
the election for that county, which continued till 9 Wednesday 
night. Sir J. Clavering, Col. Tempest, and Squire Vane were voted 
for. The first had 735 votes, the second 1,034, and tbe last 854, 
whereon Sir Gilbert Gerard, the high sheriff, declared Col. Tempest 
and Squire Vane to be fairly and freely elected knights of the 
shire to the great joy and satisfaction of the people in general. 

Wind now S.W. {Ibid. No. 129.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. ISO.] Enclosed, 

The said list. [Ibid. No. 180 1.] 

Warrant to the High Sheriff of Surrey to reprieve during pleasure 
Jonathan Frost, convicted and sentenced to death at Southwark for 
clipping and coining. [S.P. Dim., Entry Book 28, /. 136,] 

Sir J. Williamson to the Master and Wardens of the Cloth- 
workers' Company. In favour of Mr. Seaman, as to whom see his 
letter of the 18th calendared ante, p. 168. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 
43, p. 44.] 



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IX>MESTIC STATE PAPEES. 



1675. 
Jane 25. 
Wbitelwll. 



Sir J. WUliamBon to Sir Francis Leake. Signifying his 
Majesty's pleaeure that be, or in his absence the Lieut. -Governor, 
cause the late English, Scotch, and Irish seamen taken Berving on 
board a certain Dutch man-of-war to be delivered on board such of 
his Majeaty's ships or other veaael, as he shall direct by Mr. Pepys, 
having first caused their examinations to be taken before the 
Mayor of Gravesend, or some other justice, of the true state of the 
case, where they were taken by the Dutch, how used, how and on 
what terms dismissed from their imprisonment, and also what 

SiBsed here in the Biver in their being taken from on board the 
atchman, the said examinations to be returned hither as soon as 
taken. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 48, p. 44.] 

Commission to Richard Pope to be ensign to Capt. Bichardson in 
Col. BuBsell's regiment of Guards. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 44, p. 16.] 

Passes for Geoffrey Palmer with his two servants to go to 
France, and for Catherine Todeske with her daughter and family 
to go to Dieppe. iHome Office, Wanant Book 1, p. 68.] 

Thomas Burrowes to Williamson. I have had nothing to trouble 
you with this long time. The Robert of this place came in yesterday 
from France with salt. He says he made all the haste he could, 
for they were afraid of an embargo on all English ships. Last 
night came in & small ketch from Southampton with tobacco pipe 
clay. IS.P. Ireland, Car. II. 335, No. 168.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Continuing our former 
resolution of holding a Parliament in Ireland, as soon as the 
requisite preparations can be made, we desire that, immediately 
after the receipt of these letters, you, by and with the advice of 
the Privy Council there, prepare and transmit under the Great Seal 
in due form some few bills, which you by the like advice shall judge 
most acceptable and beneficial for our people, and may on our 
passing and retransmitting the same give a ground for holding a 
parliament there without loss of time, and, after making such 
transmission, you are to prepare such other bills, as you shall by 
the like advice find expedient relating to the revenue there or 
otherwise, as we shall likewise do here for your better guidance, but, 
if you shall conceive it more for our service that you attend us 
personally with such heads and materials of bills as shall be judged 
proper, and that you may be at our considering thereof before any 
bills be tranamitteil, we leave you free to attend us as soon as you 
think fit, leaving directions with the Lord Justices in your absence 
to attend the work of preparing such further bills as shall be thought 
[S.P. Dom., Sitjnet Office, Vol 9, p. 324.] 



The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant for him to repair to 
the King's presence that he and the Council may advise with him 
at large and receive information touching the affairs of Ireland, and 
directing him to appoint the Archbishop of Dublin and Sir Arthur 
Forbes to be Lord Justices during his absence. [Ibid. p. 325.] 



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1675. 

June 26. The King to tbe Lord Lieutenant. Warrant for a grant to Robert 
WhitBhttll. Leigh of the lands eomprieed in the former letter of 5 Dec, 1674, 
calendared in the last volume, p. ii'.>, and in similar terms thereto, 
except that where in the former "a deficiency of 200f., satisfiable to 
him" 13 mentioned, here it is " an allowable deficiency warrant- 
able by the rules of the Acts of Settlement and Explanation." 
[Ocei- 2 pofies. S.P. Doni., Signet O^ce, Vol. 9, p. 327.] 

June 26. John Monsou to AViUiamaon. Apologizing for not having waited 
on him since bis return to England, for he hae almost lost the use 
of his limbs, being forced to this way of address to desire an addition 
to his former favoura by returning the papers left in his hands by 
Lord Arlington's direction some years ago, by which the writer 
claimed a reparation from his Majesty according to his own and his 
father's promises, for, though they were mislaid before his going as 
Ambassador, Lord Ogle assures the writer from Lord Arlington, 
that they are now in Williamson's possession. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 911, No. 131.] 

June 26. James Welsh to Williamson. The Ostenders continue their former 
^J"- irregularities, for on the 24th a vessel from hence to Dieppe met an 
Ostender on the French coast, which not only took the passengers' 
money but stripped them of their clothes, though several of them 
were Englishmen. Yesterday went hence two ships of Boston in 
New England laden with Virginia tobacco for Amsterdam. [Ihid. 
No. 132.] 

June 26. Certificate by Edmund Boldero, Master of Jesus College, Cam- 
bridge, Vice- Chancellor, John Carr, Deputy Professor of Medicine, 
and Henry Paman, that Thomas Novell, now of Little East Cheap, 
London, was formerly a member of Jesus College and resident there 
■ several years, that he is a practitioner in ph j'sic publicly licensed by 

the Vice- Chancel lor and Senate, and that his great imperfection of 
speech renders him incapable tbe exercises required by the statutes 
for the degree of M.D., and that they judge him otherwise very 
sufiiciently qualified and meriting, .it the foot, 

Stalement hi; the Duke ofMonmotith that he tkiiilcB it fit Mr, Norel 
should he relieicd ut his demand by his Majesty's letter, if Mr. 
Secretaiy pleoM- to procure it in his behalf. 26 July. Windsor, 
llbid. No. 133.] 

June 26. Commission to Herbert Price to be ensign to Capt. Downing's 
company in Col. Russell's regiment of Guards. Minute. [S.P. 
I>om., Entry Book 44, p. 16,] 

June 26, Wai-rant from 8ir J. A\'illianison to Roger L'Estrange, Surveyor 

Whitehall, of the Press, to search tor and seize the copies of a profane and 

scandalous pamphlet entitled Tlie Quaker and his Maid, and to seize 

and bring before him the author, printer, or publisher thereof. 

iHonie OfHer, Warrant Book 1, p. 68.] 

June 26. Su: William Domville to Sir Gilbert Talbot. Thanking bim for 
bis kind remembrance of him. — As to the queries you demand 
my advice in, I received them but yesterday, and on so short a 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



time can only offer my present conceptioiiB. I conceive they are 
not pertinent to the matter in question touching the King'B 
power to dispose of the remaining part of the '49 men's security 
yet undiscovered and undisposed of, for, as to the clause in the Act 
of Settlement to which they refer, it is true that certain persons 
were appointed by the Dukes of Albemarle and Ormonde pursuant 
thereto, who were authorized by the Act to set and let the said 
security for the best advantage of the '49 officers. Their authority 
is derived from the Act, the nomination of the persons to exercise 
it was from the said Dukes, and the extent of their authority went 
no further than to set and let for the best advantage. If you refer 
to clause 9 of the said Act you will there find all the branches of 
the, '49 security enumerated, viz., 1, All the forfeited lands and 
hereditaments undisposed of in Wicklow, Longford, Leitrim and 
Donegal, and in Connaught and Clare lying within one mile of the 
Shannon and the sea, called the mile line ; 2, Out of all the forfeited 
houses in the several walled towns and corporations, and lands 
thereunto belonging ; 8, Out of the benefit arising from the 
redemption of mortgages, statutes staple and judgments ; 4, Out 
of one year's rent payable by the officers and soldiers put in the 
Act. 

These were the four main branches of the aeeurity set apart for 
the satisfaction of the '49 officers originally by the Declaration and 
the Act of Settlement. There was indeed afterwards lOO.OOOi. given 
them by the Act of Explanation, but those branches set apart by 
the Declaration and the Act of Settlement were the chief, the other 
being only a sum in gross, which had reference to some part of the 
first branches, viz., the year's rent payable by the soldiers and 
officers of Cromwell's army, who had been satisfied by him long 
before, when these were left without any satisfaction. 

Now, as to the four branches, the two first were of forfeited lands 
in the four counties and in Connaught and Clare, and the forfeited 
houses in towns and corporations, and the authority given by the 
Act to the persons nominated by the Dukes was principally and 
solely exercised about these two first branches which referred to the 
lands and houses, and, till those two branches were equally disposed 
and divided amongst them by the Commissioners of Claims about 
1666, they set and let them from year to year under certain yearly 
rents, which were disposed of by them for the best advantage of the 
parties concerned. But as to the other two branches, these were 
things which could not come under their regulation to set and let, 
for they lay, as they do at this day for the most part, concealed and 
undiscovered to them. I therefore conceive it matters not whether 
one or more of those trustees being dead or alive the rest may 
execute, for the subject matter on which they were employed is 
wholly disposed of by the Commissioners of Claims and there is not 
a foot of land in the four counties nor in Connaught nor Clare that 
they could dispose of but is already divided amongst lihem, and so 
likewise of their houses in towns corporate there remains none to 
set or let. Therefore I answer to this as to the second query, to 
what purpose should any new trustees be appointed on that clause 
of the Act with a power only to set or let, when nothing is left 
wherein they may execute that trust ? and that reason may answer 



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CHARLES n. 188 



1676. 

your third query. But as to the fourth I conceive that the power 
of the trusteea formerly appointed ia at an end for want of a subject 
matter to work upon, and that there is no use to be made of any 
such trustees as have been formerly appointed, for their employ- 
ment was only to set and let those visible branches of that security, 
and thereof little or nothing is now extant. But, as to what remains 
of the third branch consisting of mortgages &c., I conceive that his 
Majesty mtty, when any person interested in that security as a '49 
officer or as assignee to such shall make discovery of any mortgages, 
statutes staple or judgments unsatisfied, grant to such person in 
satisfaction of his '49 arrears such part of that branch as maysatisfy 
his debt, and such grant is good within the scope and intent of both 
Acts, and there will be no need of any new trustees to be appointed, 
for nothing is left for such persons to be employed in if appointed, 
and nature and reason never made anything in vain. [2 payes. 
S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 335, No. 169.] 

June 27. Edward Rigby to Williamson. I was the end of last week twice at 
Graj'a Inn. yoar lodgings to take my leave, but, missing my intention, I make 
bold to give you this trouble, only to beg you to satisfy the bearer, 
whether the pardon will be granted for his friends, as desired, or 
not, in regard they cannot discover any person to be guilty of the 
fact, which they would be pardoned for, for he is quite tired of 
expectation and does not perceive any great likelihood, unless you 
will give him an assurance thereof, and then he will be encouraged 
to stay to see the same effected ; otherwise he will speedily return 
to the country, and leave them to defend themselves by their 
innocence gainst their malicious enemies. Therefore I earnestly 
entreat you to resolve him what he may expect. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 371, No. 134.] 

June 27. Major Nathaniel Darell to Williamson. The King anchored last 
siieemsBB. night, as near as we can guess, about the Oaze Edge, and at 6 this 

morning set sail towards the Downs with the wind W.N.W. and a 

very favourable gale. [Ibid. No. 186.] 

June 27. Henry Savile to Williamson. This is by his Majesty's command 

lp.ni. to convey the enclosed to you, which you are to deliver, and to let 

Gr^'und y" know that his Majesty is now in the Downs under sail, making 

the best of his way, the wind W. and by N., a pretty fresh gale. 

[Ibid. No. 136.] 

Sunday. Capt. Richard Haddock to Williamson. About noon yesterday 

June 27. the King came to Gravesend with his Royal Highness, the Duke of 

3p^. Monmouth and several lords and gentlemen, and went on board the 

Yacht in^the Greyhound, and immediately weighed anchor and sailed with the 

Dowiu. attendance of his little squadron, viz., the Greyhound, Sovdadog and 

iMrk frigates, the Anne, Portaninnth, Neic and Old Kathcrine, 

Richmond, Navy and Kitchen yachts. The wind came round the 

compass before night with some rain and about 10 we anchored 

betwixt the Cant and Oaze Edge buoy. 

This morning, wind W.N.W., at 4 his Majesty fired a gun, and 
by 5 we all came to sail, and drove and sailed to the Red Sand 
buoy, where we lay by for water to put through the Narrow, and by 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 

9 got over the Flats, and at noon up with the North Foreland. We 
are now patting through the Powne, the frigates that lay here, viz. : 
the fiaruick, Yarmouth, Portsmouth, Garland, Speedtcell, i'onnij 
Spragg, and the Ilolniea and Anne and Clnistopher, fireships, going 
along with us. The King, whom I waited on even now, is resolved 
to pi; away towards Portsmouth, and this ebb I doubt not we shall 
get the Ness at least, the wind W. by N. You will excuse haste, the 
King making all the sail he can away. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, 
No. 137.] 

June 27. Richard Watts to Williamson. About noon to-day the King 

1 P"?' came about the Foreland in the Greyhound. About 1, about 100 of 

our greatest boats full of men went to present our obedience te 

him, which he was pleased to accept of. He is now gone out of the 

Greyhunnd to the Harwich. Little wind at N.W. [Ibid. No. 188.] 

June 27. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
Dover. departure of packet-boats and mails. Yesterday at half-past one 
went to sea the Prince of Neuburg in one of his Majesty's yachts 
for Dieppe. [Ibid. No. 139.] 

June 28. Certificate by Sir William Feake that John Stenechest took the 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. [Ibid. 
No. 140.] 

June 28. An. Dimcan to WilUamson. Enclosed are copies of the letters 
Brosd street, from the Government of Tangier to the Lords Commissioners 
LoDdon. fpj, Tangier and to the Ambassador at Madrid, by both which you 
will see the complaints of the said place represent Sir Martin 
Wescombe a different person from what was represented to his 
Majesty and the Honourable Board the other day by my Lord 
Ambassador Godolpbin in his letter to Secretary Coventry, by 
which you may judge the rest of Sir Martin's actions, and that it is 
not without just cause so many honest, quiet-spirited men of 
business appear against him. [lUd. No. 141.] 

June 26. Chrietepber Sanderson to Williamson. I question not you have 
EgleAoD. heard of Mr. Thomas Vane's being chosen a Knight of the Shire 
for the Bishopric, the election being finished on Wednesday night 
the 23rd, and his brother, Mr. Christopher Vane, who was his proxy, 
came to Raby Castle in great triumph the Thursday night, where 
his brother was lying in the smallpox, and died Friday morning. 
Col. Tempest was the other knight, who had 1,046 votes, Mr. Vane 
857, and Sir James Clavering 737. All the sectaries in the whole 
county were generally for Mr. Vane, and it did not a little cause 
them to prick up then: ears, but a little foresight might have pre- 
vented and discouraged him from standing or these people from being 
so brisk in electing him, which was by keeping him out of the com- 
mission of the peace, which he got into last year. Sir Robert Eden 
and Mr. William Bellasis, junior, were the only two persons in the 
county that stickled for him, and few or no gentlemen besides them- 
selves, but most of his party within the lordship of Raby and Barnard 
Castle, who have, many of them, houses about iOs.per annum and farm 
land under the Vanes ; and, if they were put out of the commission 



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CHABLES 11. 



of the peace for this, they deserved it, and it would be a good pre- 
cedent to deter others from doing the Uke. "lis said Mr. Vane's 
brother will put in at the new election for himself, but, if he be 
kept out of the commission of the peace (which 'tis probable he wilt 
first endeavour to be in), I believe he will acquiesce, for I am con- 
fident, if Mr. Vane had been kept out of it, he would never have 
attempted it, for you would [? think it] strange, as I am told, how 
the Fanatics continually resorted to him, after be was once made a 
Justice, for it encouraged them. I have no more to add, hoping 
you will make private use of it. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 142.] 

June 28. T. Aslaby to Williamson. The great fleet of light colliers that 
Hndlingtua anchored in this bay loosed and stood northward, and we judge are 
got to their loading ports. Several light vessels have passed by 
since. The Quakers and Nonconformists meet constantly in great 
numbers, and it is to be feared their meeting tends more to faction 
and rebellion than real zeal of religion, godliness and obedience. 
[Ibid. No. 143.] 

June 28. Henry Savile to Williamson. I wrote to you yesterday by bis 

Sd-iq. Majesty's command, and now by the same authority send you the 

Grevbound, endosed. He has been beaten back by foul weather to lie here at 

in the Dovm. anchor at present, having this morning almost weathered Dungenesa. 

He is resolved to stay here till the wind prove fairer, which is 

suddenly hoped, it being now S.E. \^Ibid. No. 144.] 



June 28. Bichard Watts to Williamson. (Recapitulation of his last letter.) 
^iLj' ^ ^(^ve been examining the number of boats, and 'tis said there 
were about tour score, but every boat had his jack and ensign, and 
flags were hung up in Deal town, all which his Majesty was 
graciously pleased to take notice of. His Majesty passed Dover 
road, but by contrary high winds was constrained to stand the 
other way and to-day, a little before noon, came again, and is now 
at anchor in the small Downs to the northward of Deal about four 
miles, and about the same distance from Bamsgate Pier. There 
runs a short scurvy sea. The wind has been and is at S.S.E. more 
than a topsail gale, bat, tiod be thanked, without danger. At 
coming of the ebb we hope for less wind and a smoother sea. 
[Ibid. No. 146.] 

Jnne 28. Morgan Lod^e to WilUamson. Giving an account of the King's 
J***!- movements similar to the last. [Ibid. No. 146.} 

June 28. Anthony Thorold to Williamson. Within these two days arrived 
Lyme. the Thomas and Mart/ and John in 24 hours from Morlaix, and the 
Samud and Joan in 5 days from Croisic. By the masters, Ac, we 
have certain advice that notwithstanding the discrying and 
nul[l]ing the late tax on tobacco, &c., the mutineers are still up in 
many places in Brittany, specially in the county of Cornwall at 
Landumy (Landemeau), Chantillien, Lesneven and other places, 
dHnanding ease upon the imposition on sellers of wine, &c., by 
retail and other duties to be taken off from them, being a free 
province. The English merchants and others, on news of their 
coming towards them, carried much of their drapery and other 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



June 28. 
June 28. 



goods down Morlaix river and put them ou ships for security. This 
makes a whole stop of our trade, which was very dead before. The 
two from Croisic came out with about 20 sail, most bound for 
Ireland. Since the two Algier men-of-war being in the channel 
and taking an Ostend man-of-war they have not been so troublesome 
to our ships. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 371, Xo. 147.] 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind N. [IbUl. ,Vo. 

148.] 

Francis Bellott to Wilhamson. Here was a small French sloop 
which report of hve French men-of-war cruising, and last Thursday 
arrived here from Surinam the George of Galway, laden with sugar 
bound for the Downs. Other shipping news. [Ibid. No. 149.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. Last week came in here the St. 
Jacob, a small French caper. It is said she came from Plymouth. 
She stopped here but one day and then went for Helford, and so 
kept along by the shore to the westward. She is supposed to be 
sent into our harbour for intelligence. The 2Dth came in here the 
Si George of Middelburg in 8 weeks from Surinam laden with sugar 
homeward bound. They say eight more would be ready loaden and 
come away a few days after them, and yet they could not clear the 
last crop. They left that place in a very peaceful and thriving 
condition. In the Channel, a day before they came in, they spoke 
with a ship sent to meet our East Indiamen, which told them that 
some few hours before they saw seven French men-of-war, so they 
advised thorn to put into the next harbour, which they did, the 
wind being fair for them at N.W. Many passengers are on board, 
and it is said they will take out their goods here, except they can 
have a convoy, which they cannot stay long for, having so many on 
board. 

All the news here is that the King or the Duke of "York will be at 
Pendennis Castle within this month. [Ibid. No. 150.] 

Thomas Holden to James Hiekes. Giving the same news as the 
last with the addition that the English at Surinam and the Dutch 
^ree very well. [Ibid. No. 151.] 

Inland advices received that day, being extracts from letters all 
previously calendared. [Ibid. No. 152.] 

Caveat on behalf of Mr. GrenvUle that nothing pass concerning 
the grant of the manor of Chertsey, Surrey. [CancelUd. S.P. 
Dom,., Entry Book 45, p. 12.] 

John Banekes to Wilhamson. Sending the enclosed just received 
from Sir W. Swann. The Hamburgers are in great fear of the 
Danes' army as that they may have a design on the town in this 
conjuncture. They have sent two senators to the King at Gluck- 
stadt, to see if they can make up the business. lu the meantime 
they have ordered the raising of 1,000 horse and 1,000 foot, and 
caused the trees to be cut down before one of the city gates. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 153.] 



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CHARLES 11. 



1675. 
June 29. 

College, 
Oxford. 



ThomaB Smith to Williamson. Herewith by my brother's hands 
I present you with a small discourse published here, not only 
because it ia mine and therefore justly due to you, to whom I owe 
so much, but because 1 know such pacific writings are very agree- 
able to your great care and zeal for the peace of Christendom, 
which is so unhappily disturbed by such herce and hot disputes 
about religion. 'Tis but an essay of a greater work, which 1 shall 
prosecute or not as I shall be advised by a most learned bishop to 
whom I send it. I am now concerned about writing an account of 
the present state of the Greek Church, which I have long designed 
but was hindered by my other studies from pursuing, and shall 
with your leave preUx to it your name, whom all scholars look upon 
as the great patron of learning, and to whom I especially owe the 
opportunity of travelling into the Levant and of making those 
observations. It has been often in my thoughts to make some 
proposals to you about his Majesty's library at St. James', but this 
looking like too great a presumption, I forbear till I have kissed 
your bands at Whitehall and know your pleasure in it. 

Mr. Bo [w] les' friends could not take a more effectual course to pro- 
cure my vote in order to hie being Fellow than by procuring your 
letter, and therefore I think it highly concerns me to inform you 
briefly of the true state of things aa they refer to his particular concern. 
A Mr. Rogers, an M.A. and much Mr. Bo[w]les' senior, a person highly 
accomplished, is his competitor, to whom the greater part of the 
Society is inclinable out of a just respect to his learning, behaviour, 
and seniority. He is also very necirly related to Secretary Coventry, 
being his father's cousin german, who has appeared very early 
in his behalf. Though this last consideration does no way sway 
with me, who more value your favour and good opinion than any 
person's whatsoever, yet I thought it my duty to acquaint you with 
it. The Society, I am confident, have that great regard to your 
recommendation, that, it they were not pre-engaged, Sir Bo [w] les 
might receive ^reat benefit by it, at least I myself (whose single vote 
now can do turn [no] good) would use the little interest I have 
with some friends in the College to serve him. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. 11. 371, No. 154.] 

Richard Fotts to Williamson. Since my last concerning the 
election for Durham, death has made void the election of Squire 
Vane, who died of the smallpox the day month he was married. 
Wind N. imd. No. 155.] 

Silas Taylor to WilUamson. I committed a mistake last Satur- 
day writing that the packet-boat which came from the Brill last 
Wednesday was not then arrived, for, she coming in very late on 
Friday, the master came not to me. Last night arrived another, 
which came from the Brill Sunday evening, having stayed there 
not above two hours. They bring no news. 

The Sapphire, a fifth-rate frigate built here, was this noon very 
well launched. The weather has been very dark and blustering 
with a S.E. wind yesterday. To-day it continues blowing and 
rainy, wind northerly. [Ibid. No. 15fi.] 



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1675. 
June 29. 

Deal. 



June 29 



June 29. 
Ports monUi. 



June 29. 

FljIQOUtb. 



V DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



6. St. Michel to Williamaon. I had last night the honour from 
hia Majesty's commandH to bring hia packet directed to you ashore, 
at which time he was riding at anchor in the Downs, being forced 
back again by ill-weather and contrary winds, and being then 
[not] able to budge for the extreme etormy weather, the wind 
continuing contrary at South, and now, though the weather still 
continues so stormy that it is not possible any boat can come 
ashore from on board his Majesty, though you might have had 
further advice, I thought it my duty to acquaint you that, the 
wind being come about fair to the N.E., his Majesty at three this 
morning proceeded on his voyage, and I hope, if the wind 
continues, he may be at Portsmouth to-night or to-morrow 
morning. [.V.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 157.] 

Eiohard Watts to Williamson. Giving the same news as the 
last. [Ibid. No. 168.] 

Morgan Lodge to Williamson. G-iving the same news as the 
last two. [Ihid. No. 159.] 

John Reading to Williamson, This morning his Majesty passed 
by for Portsmouth, between 5 and 6, the wind fresh at N.E. 
A bad accident has happened to the harbour. The sluice being let 
run, passing by a new turn-water, which was made lately to turn 
beach out of the haven's mouth, the force of the water undermined 
the foundation of the north head about 30 feet in length, which 
breach not being sufficiently repaired, the overseers of the work 
caused an old vessel laden with 40 tons of beach to be laid at the 
breach, to prevent, as they thought, the further annoyance of the 
head, but the vessel sinking with her stern down in a hole against 
the breach laid the hull so athwart the channel thxit now no 
vessels can pass iu or out of the harbour. [Hiid. No. 160.] 

H [oger] M [anley] to Isaac Dorislaus, at the Post Office. Though 
we expect the King hourly, yet he is not in sight nor have we any 
certainty of his motion. The ship will be launched at 11, the tide 
(ulmitting of no further delay, and then the post pwcts. 'Tis now 
but 8, but, by reason of our drawing into the field, I write this by 
anticipation. [Ibid. No. 161.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. 162.] Enclosed, 

The said list. [Ibid. No. 162 1.] 

On the petition of John Jackson of Shap, Westmorland, yeoman, 
praying a pension or some relief from the King, in regard of the 
loss of his son in his service, and his own sufferings and lamentable 
condition, recommendation to the Justices of Westmorland to 
provide some annual pension or allowance for the petitioner's 
relief. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 36.] 

The King to the Lord President and the remanent Senators of 
the College of Justice. We have perused your letter to us of the 
17th instant with that of the same date to our Secretary. On 
12 December last we declaied that none of those advocates who 



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CHARLES 11. 189 

1675. " 

deaerted their station and ehoold sot betwist that time and 28 Jan. 
last apply to you for their re-entry should ever be re-admitted to that 
function at any time. You now inform ub that Sir George McKenzie 
and many other debarred advocates gave in petitions to you before 
the day prefixed, which were not satisfactory, and for that cause 
were not transmitted to us ; but by this letter you tell us that Sir 
George has by his late petition explained his former in very ample 
terms, which petition you have transmitted and with which we are 
very well satisfied. Therefore we authorize and require you to 
admit him to the full exercise of his function as advocate, and we 
hope he will be so exemplary in his duty for the future as may 
render him capable of our further favour. We also authorize you 
to restore bis brother, Colin McKenzie, whose petition we find very 
satisfactory. As to the rest of the outed advocates we authorize 
you to admit such as shall petition in the very terms Sir George or 
his brother have done and no others, provided always the number 
of those re-admitted do not exceed that of those who remained firm 
in their duty. This you are to do without transmitting petitions 
to us, for we will cut o£E all frivolous expectations of applying to us, 
without giving full satisfaction to you. And, as we have fully 
trusted you with the re-admission of others, so we expect you will 
be careful not to admit such as you judge to have been main 
sticklers here or in Scotland in this faction or libellers of our 
authority in your station, and that you take sufficient assurances 
from all the re-admitted advocates that they shall not hereafter 
meddle in any public matters without the true limits of their 
employment as advocates, and lastly that none of them discourt^e 
those who remained steadfastly in their duty. We are confident you 
will pursue faithfully what we here recommend to you, and you are 
to take special care that no petition be admitted after this session, 
and we give you authority to set a shorter day if you think fit, but 
we will not admit of further delay after next month. [2 pages. 
S.P. Scotland; Warrant Book 8, p. 260.] 

June 30. Adam de Gardonnel to Williamson. I send a letter for you from 
SoathamptoQ. Capt. Balegh of Jersey, that came enclosed in mine, which, 
instead of being left here, was carried to London, and so sent back 
by the post. Mr. Richbell came back lately from London, who 
obliged me by employing himself in preferring a son of mine with 
yon, and told me you were inclinable to it, but desired first to see 
him. I intend very shortly to wait on you with him, and wish he 
may find favour with you. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. B71, Xo. 1GB.} 
Enclosed, 

Qeorge Ralegh to Williamson. This afternoon arrived here 
a boat from St. Malo, by which tve icere informed from 
one of our justices who is there, that ttimidts are again broken 
out at Beiines and other places, so tJiat Duke Chaulnes and 
others of the chiefest are forced fin' the present to abscond. 
When anything else shall happen here worth your knowledge I 
shall not fail to acquaint you with it. 10 June. Jersey. 
IS.P. Channel Islands 9, No. 80.] 

June 30, S. Pepys to Williamson. I reached this yesterday noon, at which 
PortamonUi. tinjg the ng^ ghip was very happily launched, but wiliout any 



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190 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. '~~^ ~~ 

tidings of his Majesty till about the same hour to-day, when his 
Royal HighnesB came in with the Anne yacht, from whom I have 
underBtood his Majesty's proceedings from the Downa to have been 
08 follows : — 

He passed the Downs early on Sunday afternoon, wind at W.N.W., 
was thwart the South Foreland at 8, it being then high water, and 
with the ebb turned down to a little short of Hyttie, where he 
anchored at 9 at night. 

On Monday morning, between 3 and 4, he set sail, the wind at 
H. turning to the westward within 4 miles of the Ness point. 
About 7 the same morning he bore up for the Downs again, and 
came in there about 11 and rode there all the following night. 

On Tuesday morning at 3, wind at E.N.E. he weighed, and, lying 
an hour driving till the frigates could get under sail, at 4 passed 
the South Foreland, and at 7 was thwart the Ness, then steering 
W.S.W. was before 11 off Beachy, when steering W. by S. and 
W.S.W. they at 4 in the afternoon saw the Isle of Wight, it bear- 
ing N.W. distant between 3 and 4 leagues, wind at N. At past 12 
that night the Duke came to anchor in Sandown Bay, the King 
then plying to windward between 2 and 3 leagues short without 
DuDoze. 

This morning at 6 the King was under sail about S.E. from the 
Anne and about 7 came to anchor when the Anne weighed, the 
wind then at N. by W. and came in hither between 11 and 12, in 
company with the Portsmouth yacht. 

His Majesty and the frigates who attend him came not in sight 
of this place while we had day, but our expectations are to see 
them in the morning. 

As to any further particulars I have only to tell you that the 
Harwich carries the bell from the whole fleet, great and small, and 
that, in case his Majesty comes not in by the morning, his lioyal 
Highness purposes to go out again towards him to the great 
discomfort of our landmen, who have had enough of the sea for 
this bout. \N.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, Ao. 164.] 

Wednesday, Sir John Werden to Williamson. I received immediately on our 
June 30. landing here a cover from you with a letter which the Duke had 

Pottamooth, presently, and the news-books, which I shall show him as soon as 
he has time to pemse them. 

We had a very tedious voyage, especially to myself who am used 
to be very sick, but, supposing you have beard how unhappily we 
were forced to bear up for the Downs on Monday night (when the 
Speaker with his yacht left us and returned to London), I shall only 
tell you what has passed since. On Tuesday morning his Majesty 
and all of us set sail out of the Downs, with a wind very favourable, 
but BO violent that, putting abroad much sail, and when we had 
passed Beachy the weather proving very thick, perhaps too our 
compasses being disordered with the violence of the sea, we so far out- 
ran or mistook our course that late at night we foimd ourselves to the 
westward of the end of the Isle of Wight, and then we fell to ply to 
windward in very stormy and dark weather andthnslost company and 
sight of his Majesty in the Orei/hoiirid. His Royal Highness about 
one this mommg anchored in Sandown Bay, outside St. Helen's 



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Point. When day cleared up, we aaw the King at least three 
leagues to leeward of us, and, finding be lay still when the tide 
came fair for him to turn it up to windward, we concluded he meant 
to go ashore about Freshwater Bay, rather than be at the trouble 
to contend any longer against the winds, whereupon we weighed at 
seven this morning, and, the Anne being a very bad seaboat, we got 
hither at two this afternoon without any further news of the King. 
The Duke of Monmouth came in at the same time with us, but he 
had been plying first all night without ever anchoring. Sir Eobert 
and Sir John Holmes are both gone to the Isle of Wight, the first 
to receive the King, the latter to give us notice, as soon as the King 
is landed, by fires or smokes from the tops of the hills. I do not 
yet hear of any news or any signs made, it being now near 6. 
The Speaker is come to us overland from London. All the officers 
of the Navy and Ordnance are here, and we have been to see the 
new ship, the Royal James, built by Mr. Deane and by all 
acknowledged to be the most complete piece his Majesty has m all 
his navy. When you deliver the enclosed to the Duchess, please 
let any of your footmen leave the other for my wife. IS.P. Doni,, 
Car. II. 371, No. 165.] 

June 80. Capt, G. Legge to [Williamson] . Giving the same news as in 
3 pm the last two letters. \lbuL No. 166.] 

June 80. Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. No news. Sending an 
Weymouth, enclosure from Lyme. [ifcw/. No. 167.] Encloged, 

to Mr. Osborne. We have two vesneh just note comey run 

aiiay from Morlaix and two more stay there, then reahipping 
all our drapery tic, for the mutineers {eiintra}!/ to the story in 
our neics) heing 20,000 irerc come within two leagues of it, 
and summoned the town immediately to join u-ith them. 
Whether they did so they hnow not, for their departure was 
hasty. No tonnage money paid. For any creature that looks 
like a Philistine, down he goes, for one of the maltotiers of 
Morlaix being rencontred was demanded, if he would be of the 
people's sitJe. He answered. No, and so one knocked out his 
brains with the butt end of a musket, saying. Then thon shalt be 
of no side. The mutineers being come to the above parish, 
beeause the priests had taken away the clappers of the bells, 
immediately hanged four of them,, all they could light on. 
Every nobleman that refuses to join with them they burn or 
rase his house immediately. This goes under cm-er. 28 June. 
Lyme. [Signature cut off'. Ibid. No. 167 1.] 

June. Lists of the deputy lieutenants and justices of the peace (l)esideB 

privy councillors, peers and judges) for Middlesex. [Ibid. Nos. 
168, 169.] 

[June ?] Additional establishment for Hurst Castle of one master gunner 
and three other gunners, the former at 2«. a day and each of the 
latter at Is. a day, amounting to 911. 5s. per annum, to commence 
from 1 July, 1675, Sir T. Chicheley hanng represented that there 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



are near 30 guas mounted there, and that it is requisite such 
gunners be established there. Sign-Maniial. Coimtergigaed, 
"Danby, J. Williamaon." [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 871, No. 1700 

[Juiie?] Warrant for a grant to Charles, Lord Gerard, of the office of 
whiiehair. keeper of the palace lately belonging to York Place, and by an 
Act of Parliament made parcel of the royal palace at Westminster, 
void by the death of George Kirke. [Draft. Ibid. No. 171.] 



June. 



[Jnne ?] 
Whitehall. 



Philip Kirke to Williamson. Requesting that, if he has any 
warrant to be signed by his Majesty for Lord Gerard to be house- 
keeper of Whitehall, there might be a stop thereto till his own 
concern be heard, llbid. No. 172.] 

Warrant for a grant of the office of Under-housekeeper or Keeper 
of the Lower Rooms of Whitehall and the gardens and lodgings 
belonging to the said Lower Rooms to Philip Kirke for his life. 
{^Precedentg 1,/. 76.] 

Lists sent by James Neale to Williamson of King's and 
merchant ships in the Downs, the wind, &c. 



Vol. 371. 
No. 


Date. 


Kloj'.. 


Ootwmrd 
fionna. 


Boimd. 


Wind. 


Benurks 


178 


June 1 


1 


3 


6 


s.w. 




174 


„ 2 


1 


9 


7 


s.w. 




176 


„ 3 


1 


9 


4 


s.w. ; 




176 


., 4 


2 


11 


1 


s.w. ' 




177 


., 5 


2 


10 





s.w. 




178 


., 6 


7 


3 


1 


s. 




179 


„ 7 


7 


1 


3 


S.E. 




180 


„ 8 


7 


1 





E. i 




181 


., 9 


7 


1 





N.E. 1 




183 


„ 10 


7 


1 





N.E. : 




183 


„ 11 


6 


■ 





N.E. 1 




184 


,. 12 


5 





3 


N. 




185 


„ 13 


6 








N.E. 




186 


., 14 


5 








N. ! 




187 


., 16 


6 





3 


N.E. ■ 




188 


,. 17 


6 


10 


2 


N.W. 




189 


., 18 


6 


10 


5 


W. 




190 


„ 19 


6 


12 





N.W. ; 




191 


.. 20 


6 


6 


1 


N.W. ■ 




192 


.. 21 


6 


2 





N.W. , 




193 


„ 22 


7 








N.W. 


Two copies, 


194 
195 
196 
197 


„ 23 


8 





1 


E. 


one addressed 
to Secretary 


,. 24 


8 





1 


E. 


WilliamsoD 


., 26 


7 








E. 


and one to 
Secretary 














Coventry. 



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CHAKLES H. 





Lists Bent by James Neale to WilliamsOD — cont. 


Tol. 871. 


^ 


m,,: 


OutWkrd 

BODDd. 


lomd. *'"'• 


Benuu-ka. 




^ 






1 


/Tfais evening 
hja MajeBty 
8Biled through 










1 










1 


the Downs 












and never 










, 


anchor ed. 












only went 


198 


June 27 




S 


1 W. 

1 [ 
1 

1 1 


from the Yar- 
mouth to the 
Harwich, 
where he 
sailed from 
hence with all 
the rest of the 
men-of-war. 

His Majesty 
to-day bore 
up in the 
Downs with 


199 


,. 28 : 


i 


6 


2 ! S.S.W. ' 

j 

I 1 


all the ships of 
war with him 
by reason of 
bad weather, 
and are now 
^t anchor. 




i 


1 






1 


This morning 




j 


1 








his Majesty 




j 


1 








sailed out of 






1 






i 


the Downs 














about 8, the 


200 


„ 29 

1 




1 





1 N.E. ■ 

i 


wind being 
fair, a fresh 
gale, and is 
supposed to 
be by this 
time at Ports- 


201 

1 


„ SO 

1 





8 


' N.E. 

1 


mouth. 



Silas Taylor to Williamson. The weather has been very bad 
ever since oar lannching the Sapphire. Teeterdfty was a very blow- 
ing day ; the wiDd continues high and northerly. One of our 
packet-boats is just come in. They say the French privateers and 
oaperi make tool work with the Dutch fisher-boats and suffer them 
not to fish. They have no news from the camp but that their 
soldiers are very unruly. [S.P. Dom., Cnr. II. S71. Nn. 202.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEK8. 



1675. 
July 1. 



Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N. About 2 yesterday 
roiTBiDouiD. arrived his Royal Highness in a yacht, and that morning saw his 
Majesty at sea and left him off the Isle of Wight. The wmd being 
at N. and blowing hard, he could not get in, but to-day is less wind. 
I suppose, if not gone to Plymouth, they may be here by noon. 
About 8 this morning his Royal Highness went to sea to find his 
Majesty. Tuesday the great ship was launched, and named the 
lini/al James, a brave stout ship, as any the King has. The Duke 
of Monmouth came here with his Royal Highness, but is gone to 
sea this morning to accompany him. {_S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, 
No. 203.] 

July 1. Muster taken that day of the Duke of Monmouth's company in 

garrison at Hull and also of the train of artillery there. [On parch- 
ment. S.P. Dom., Car. II. Case F., .Yo. 68.] 

July 1. Sir J. Williamson to Dr. Bathurst. I am too sensible of the fatal 

Whiubali. mischief to the University from remiss government, ever to be a 
solicitor for anything that should lead to it, yet could not well deny 
the suit of so many worthy gentlemen as are interested in the Royal 
Oak Lottery. They have your Chancellor's recommendation to you 
for leave to exercise their lottery during the time of the Act, alter 
which I consider it but a compliment to me that they ask mine. 
What I am specially to be a suitor for is, that the tune may be 
allowed them as long as well the matter will bear. [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Book 43, ;i. 45.] 

July 2. Sir William Temple to Sir L. Jenkins. I have been twice at 
your house to acknowledge the favour of your visit. This morning 
the bearer, Samuel Gellibrand, a stationer in your neighbourhood 
and a very honest man, long of my acquaintance, has desired me 
to recommend to you only the justice and serious consideration 
of an affair depending before you, whereby an estate of his 
grandfather's or elder brother's is pretended to be given from Mm 
by a will of his brother's, made, as he says, after he was past any 
condition of making it. Send me Leo ab Aitzema by the bearer. 
\S.P. Dom., Car. 11. S71, No. 204.] 

July 2. John Heading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
Dover. departure of packet-boats and mails. Last Monday night the Lady 
Gray arrived from Calais. [7&i(/. No. 205.] 



July 2. 

Portsmouth. 



Henry Bavile to Williamson. Yesterday at Yarmouth I received 
two packets from you of the 28th and 29th, and this morning at 
my arrival here had your other of the 29th, with the Spanish letter, 
which was before omitted. 

Coming from the Downs on Tuesday with a very fresh gale, the 
wind very fair but the weather hazy, for fear of the shore we outran 
our coarse, and went to leeward of the Isle of Wight. Our mistake 
discovered, we were forced alt that night to beat up to windward in 
very stormy weather, and on Wednesday morning his Majesty came 
to an anchor under Dunnose, and there lay in very rough weather 
till yesterday morning, that he got in his shallop into the island, 
where Sir Robert Holmes met him, and carried him to a good 



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CHARLES II. 



July 2. 

Lata ftt Dight. 
PorUmoaUi. 



rjnlj 1 

fortsmoi 



Jniy 2. 
Pljmouth. 



[1675.] 
July 2. 



dinner at Yarmouth. There bin Royal Htghnees came in the 
afternoon, and after supper they both came hither, arriving at 
one this morning. This Btormy voyage has not at all discouraged 
his Majesty from the sea, and all he can be persuaded to is 
only to change his ship and return in the Haruich, a good third- 
rate frigate, but he will by no means hearken to any proposition of 
returning by land, notwithstanding all manner of conveniences and 
supplications have been proposed to him. He intends to dine to- 
morrow at Titchfield at Mr. Noel's, and from thence go straight on 
board the Hancich, and so make the best of his way to the Thames. 
God send him better weather than he has had, else he will at his 
return have no reason to call this a voyage of pleasure. The 
Katherine yacht is yet missing and in her Lord Hatton, Lord 
Comwallis and Tom Jermyn. She has not been seen since 
Tuesday night, when she shot for help, being at anchor, but we 
suppose it was only for something wrong in her mast and hope 
she may have reached some western port. [_S.P. Dom., Car. II. 871, 
No. 206.] 

Sir John Werden to Williamson. Yesterday morning the Duke 
went out to sea towards the place where we had left the King at 
anchor, but near the Isle of Wight we met some of the King's 
servants in a boat, who told him the King was landed that morning 
in the Isle of Wight, whereon he sailed straight to Yarmouth and 
met the King there, where they were very well received by Sir R. 
Holmes. The King came hi^er at one this morning, has been 
very well treated by our Governor, and much pleased in seeing the 
new ship, the Royal Jamea, as also in seeing one of the yachts, built 
here for the French King at Versailles, drawn on a cradle placed on 
four wheels at least 200 yards to the seaside, where it was lifted up 
with tackle and other engines (though it weighed at least 42 tons) 
and let down gently on the ooze, where the tide came in to it, and 
this afternoon we have seen it sail about with great applause. Since 
dinner the King has seen the garrison exercise, one troop of horse, 
four companies of foot of the Guards and four more of the Duke's 
regiment, which they performed very well, and his Majesty is now 
seeing fireworks prepared on purpose for him. To-morro? the 
Court dine at Mr. Nowell's and after dinner embark again for 
London, llbid No. 207.] 

Capt. Q. Legge to Williamson. His Majesty surprised the 
garrison last night between 12 and 1. He intends to stay here to- 
day, and to dine with Mr. Noell at Titchfield to-morrow and thence 
go on board the Harwich and rettim in her to London, \lbid. 
No. 208.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. 209.] Enclosed, 

The said list [Ibid. No. 209 i.] 

T. B. to . I expected to have heard from you 

about your business, but have not of late. I have several times 
sent to you, and many times endeavoured to speak with you, but 
could not, about your concerns, and yet desire it, for I have some- 
thing of consequence to offer, and I suppose (except words), if 



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JnljS. 

Edlinfton 



DOMESTIC STATE PAI'EBK. 



anything be acted in your affairs, in the sphere I move in, I may 
know of it. There is little news in these parts, but great expecta- 
tions, many doubts, some hopes, and verily some talk, as if it were 
the design of D?ranby?] to amuse ub with uncertain strange reports. 
Some say that o[ur] K[ing] is gone to see his cousin. Some say 
the bishops have or will procure a procl [amation] to suppress all 
meetings of Friends, and that with great seventy. There are some 
notable lines abroad of some Rofman Catb[olicB] for their liberty. 
I am promised one. As soon as I have it, I may send it. Our 
friends seem much to be comforted at (an imaginary) total rout the 
Brandenburgere have given the Swedes, nay, some pretend to give 
so exact an account ont, that they can tell what pounds of powder 
are taken and what money to a urthing, as it were. If it be true, 
'tis considerable, but some say it is not all true, but only some 
small rencontre about a town, that was like to have been surprised. 
Some talk as if the Danes besiege Hamburg. 'Tis also reported 
that Turenne is much straitened in his quarters and cannot get 
from the Imperialists, and that there are insurrections in France, 
and a world of these stories. 

PosUcript. — Pray let me know if you received that directed to 
Mr. John Holford of Ta[u]nton Dean as you aclvised, and, it yon 
did, and will eo receive letters, I may send that way best, if any- 
thing offer of concern in your business. [S.P. l)om.. Car. II. 371, 
No. 210.] 

Two warrants to the Commissioners of the Customs making free 
the Fly'uv) Hart, now called the Friendship, of London, and the Soil 
FUh or Gilded Bnek, now called the Lark, of London, both Scotch 
prizes taken in the late Dutch war. [Precedtntt \,f. 34.] 

Warrant to the Duke of Ormonde. Being informed by Prince 
Bupert that there is no provision of carts and carriages made in 
the late Book of Establishment for him to attend the King in his 
removes and progresses, and that thereby also his former allowance 
of 6 bottles of claret per diem is reduced to 8, which is too small a 
proportion for such a diet, he is to give present order to the officers 
of U16 Board of Greencloth in all the King's removes to allow him 
a coach and two carts, and to augment the 8 bottles to 6 each 
day. [Ibid. /. 89.] 

Sir Thomas Wharton to Williamson. Acquainting him that 
Sir Philip Musgrave was able to ride 03 miles in two days and a 
half to that place, and then to be so little weary as to leave it for 
the pleasure of riding again the next day. [.S.P. Dom., Car. IT. 
371, A'o. 211.] 



July 8. 
Harwieh. 



Silas Taylor to Williamson. 
No. 212.] 



No news. Wind N.W. [Ibid. 



Richard Watts to Williamson. About noon to-day arrivsd the 
Mary of about 250 tons from Surat. The Joshua of about 600 and 
the Falcon of about 300 tons, both, they say, from Bantam, are 
coming about the South Foreland. That from Surat is very richly 
laden, and the other two are not much inferior as the Surat ship says. 
Little wind, variable from N.W. to SJ). [tbid. No. 213.J 



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CHAELES II. 



197 



atttnooa. 



1675. 
July 8. Capt. Sir R. Haddock to Williamson. Describing the King's 
8»iurd»j voyage (rem the Downs to Portsmouth as in the letters previously 
calendared. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 214.] 

8. Pepys to Williamson. His Majesty, having first landed and 
been entertained noon and night by Sir E. Holmes in the Isle of 
Wight on Thursday, spent yesterday at- Portsmouth, with much 
appearance of satisfacttou in his visits on £oat in the morning 
(and particularly from the new ship and the yachts built by 
Commissioner Deane for the King of France) and on shore in the 
afternoon from the Governor. He is this morning going to Titeb- 
field, where he dioea with Mr. Noell, resolving to set out thenee 
homeward by sea again this evening with this, I hope, better choice 
in his passage that he will take it on the Harwich to the Downs, 
where Commissioner Haddock and some others will attend him, 
to the lessening though not wholly removing the apprehensions 
we were lately under from the two great adventures he was 
then running without other security on board him but his own 
seamanship, and poor Clements'. 
' Just as I came to the bottom of the other side, I was called away 
to attend the King to Titchfield, where he has been very hospitably 
treated by Mr. Noell, and, dinner being done, is returned to his 
yachts to be by them transported to Spithead where the Harwich 
and the rest of the frigates expect him, with purpose of making the 
best of his way this evening towards London, the wind blowing at 
W.8.W. very fresh and the weather fair. He has been pleased to 
bestow the honour of knighthood this day on Sir John Tippetts, Sir 
Bichard Haddock, and Sir Anthony Deane, the two former at 
Portsmouth (with Sir [Roger] Manley, the deputy governor there) 
the last at Titchfield. 

Some work the King has set me will keep me at Ports- 
mouth this night, towards which I am going from Titchfield 
in the new French yacht, which (taking in all qualities and its 
little depth of water) seems to outdo anything that ever yet swam. 
Before my sealing this, the King is going on board the Harwich now 
under sail. You will be pleased to dispose of the enclosed from the 
King to Mr. Cheffins (ChifiBnch). [Ibid. No. 215.] 



July 8. 

10 p.lD. 

Saturday 
Pottamoath. 



July 4. 
Ckmt 
Chnrah. 



Gapt. G. Legge to Williamson. I came just now from hie Majesty. 
He is under sail and clear of the island, so, if the wind continue fair, 
you may expect him at Whitehall on Monday. The ill weather in 
his passage hither has made him change the Qreylwund for the 
Haricich, the best man-of-war with him, and, I think, the safest. 
(Accounts of the King's dining at Titchfield and conferring the 
knighthoods mentioned in the last.) \Ibid. No. 216.] 

John Pocock to James Hickes. Giving an account of the King's 
entertainment aad of his departure, as in previous letters. ^Ibid, 
No. 217.] 

Dr. Richard Allestree to Williamson. Expressing his thanks for 
hia frequent favours to him. [^Ibid. No. 218.] 



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198 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. 
July 4. Theo. Bishop to Williamson. Sir Edward Walker has obliged 
Bridgetown, ug very mucb in giving us the opportunity of hearing from you. 
I was in great hopes to have heard when we in Warwickwiire 
might Bee you here, and you know you told me it was resolved hy 
you it should be so. My husband Ib much your aervant. The 
cheese is not forgotten, but till later in the year I cannot famish 
you with that which is good. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 219.] 

July 4. John Beading to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
I>over. departures of packet-boats and mails. [Ibid. No. 220.] 

July 4. [Sir] E [oger^ M [anley] to Isaac Dorislaus at the Post 

Portimouth. Office. Describing the King's arrival at the Isle of Wight and 
Portsmouth aa in previous letters. On Saturday morning having 
first knighted your brother [-in-law] in hia bed-chamber and the two 
commissioners, Tippetts and Haddock, on the walls, he went to dine 
at Titchfield, and coming on board the Harwich near eight he Bet 
sail with his whole fleet towards the Downs, the wind due west, a 
fine gale. Describing the fireworks and the exercise of the 
garrison on Friday. [Ibid. No. 221.] 

July 4. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W. About the King's 
Portamooth. dining at Titchfield, his departure and his conferring knighthoods. 
[Ibid. No. 222.] 

July 4. Robert Leigh to [WilliamBon] . Recommending Mr. Reading, 
Dublin. viho, on the occasion of the Lord Lieutenant's going to England, 
is also going thither. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. dSH, No. 170.] 

July 6. Certificate by Sir Wilham Peake that Passchier Lievet took the 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 371, No. 228.] 

July 6. Nathaniel Heme to Williamson. Hoping he will do him the 
favour to dine with him to-morrow, and asking him to let him 
know the hour and whom he wishes invited to accompany him. If 
not to-morrow. Heme must attend the Bessions all the rest of the 
week. [Ibid. No. 224.] 

July 5. Charles, Lord Gerard, to Williamsou. Requesting hiB favour on 

Chiiwiok. behalf of the bearer, Mr. Moore, who was an old servant to Sir 

Francis Windebank and to Secretary Nicholas at Oxford, and to 

five him a quick dispatch in getting his grant signed by his Majesty. 
Ibid. No. 225.] 

July 3. T. Aslaby to Williamson. Last Friday loosed out of this bay 40 
Bridlington, ijgj^t colUers and stood northward. Here are four ships of this 
place from Norway. The masters report they met with several 
capers at sea, French, Hollanders, and Flemings, few of them 
but took something from them. To-day came in a Dane, and aU 
are delivering their ladings. Since Friday last, abiindance of laden 
ships have passed by southward daily. {Ibid. No. 226.] 

July 5. Richard AVatts to Williamson. About 10 last night hie Majesty 
^^' in the Greyhound with the rest of the fleet came into the Downs 



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from Portsmouth. The greater ships he left in the Downs, he 
going up in the Greyhound, and with him, they say, only the Sotdato 
and two small ships more. The wind was N.W. by N., not a topsail 
gale. Little wind at S.W. [S.P. Don,., Car. II. 371, No. 22771 

John Beading to WilliamBon. Between 7 and 8 yesterday even- 
ing his Majesty passed by this from the westward, having the M'ind 
at S.W. and very good weather. Yesterday afternoon arrived a 
pa«ket-boat from Nieuport. [Ibid. No. 228.] 



Jaly 5. 



July 5. 



July. 

Hauplon 
Conrt. 



No news. Wind N.W. [Ibid. 



July 5. 
PeDdenttii. 



Hugh Acland to Williamson. 
No. 229.] 

Francis Bellott to Williamson. Since my last there is come into 
port the Speedicell from Barbados with sugar, cotton and ginger, and 
one from Hamburg with wax and piece goods for Bilboa, and some 
7 .or 8 small coasters, two from Croisic for Ireland laden with salt 
and some brandy. These say there has been a great insurrection 
in Brittany, and very numerous opposing that King's impositions, 
and that the Governor is much wounded in the tumult by a woman 
on horseback, who shot him with her pistol and cut him with her 
sword, but their King's eoncesBion to their demands appeased that 
bellvam imdtoriiin capitiun. This morning we hailed a vessel from 
London bound tor Ireland with a nobleman's goods. The great 
Dutch vessel that has been this last 7 months here expecting 
convoy is, they pretend, sold to and manned by Englishmen, hound 
the first fair wind for Holland. Wind E. [ftirf. No. 230.] 

Cai-eat that there be granted no royal presentation to William 
Shippen, clerk, for the corroboration of his title to the rectory of 
Presbury, Cheshire, and no mandate to the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury to grant a dispensation to the said Shippen to bold the rectory 
of Kirkheaton, Yorkshire, with the very rich rectory of Sefton, 
Lancashire, without notice to the said Aiehhishop, the Master of 
the Faculties, and Thomas Legh of Adiington, the patron of the 
rectory of Presbury, as the said Shippen has held two rectories for 
four years without any dispensation and has obtained a third, 
contrary to the laws both of the kingdom and the Church. [Latin. 
Ibid. No. 281.] 

Beport by Sir B. Carr on the petition of George Porter, calendared 
ante, p. 175, that the premises mentioned in the petition were granted 
as therein mentioned and now are parcel of her Majesty's jointure, 
that there is a petition pending for the Bame matter preferred by 
Edward Tildesley, who is now in possession thereof, and claims 
under the title of Mistress Elizabeth Lennard, administratris of her 
sister, Mistress Howard, and that, if his Majesty be inclined to 
gratify the petitioner, which can no way prejudice the revenue, he 
conceives it may be done by empowering her Majesty's trustees to 
grant the same. {Ibid. No. 2327] 

Warrant to the trustees of the Queen Consort, after reciting the 
said petition of George Porter and the above report, for a lease of 
the premises petitioned for to the said George Porter for 40 years in 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



reversion after the expicatioQ of the term of 31 years now in being 
granted to Mistress Howard in the manner deBired by the petitioner. 
iDrt^ft. S.P. Dom., Oar. II. 371, No. 233.] 

July 6. The Earl of Arlington to Williamaon. Having appointed a post 
wbiuluU. to go every day to and from Windsor for the convenience of the 
Court during his Majesty's stay there, £ desire you so to order it 
that the mail thence every night may be dispatched at 8 or 9 at 
farthest, so that the letiers may arrive here in time to have the 
convenience of the general office for their further conveyance or 
delivery here, care being already taken that the letters that go daily 
hence shall depart at the same hour as now on the usual post days, 
and, if before or after that precise time you shall have occasion to 
send letters, care shall be taken that horses be provided for 
expresses M'ithout disturbing the prefixed time for the general letter 
office, which cannot happen without great inconvenience to the said 
office and dissatisfaction to all concerned in the punctual going and 
coming of letters at the prefixed times. [Ibid. No. 234.] 

July 6. Certificate by Sir William Peake that Ary Peterson Weymau took 
the oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. [/bid. 
No. 236.] 

July 6. Richard Potts to Williamson. No newa. Wind N. [Ibid. No. 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. The packet-boat which left the 
Brill on Saturday according to custom is not yet arrived. About 
30 or 40 ships (laden colliers we ju<^e them) are passing by tor the 
Thames. It is said betwixt 3 and 400 small and great are laded or 
lading at Newcastle. Wind N.W. [Ibid. No. 237-] 

Wind N.N.W. No news. 



July 6. 
SkwktoD. 

July 6. 

Hanrioh. 



Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. 
[Ibid. No. 238.] 



July 6. 

PI; month. 



July 6. 

Whittlwll. 



A. Goodyeare to Wiliamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. 239.] Enclosed. 

The said list. [Ibid. No. 239 1.] 

Warrant for a pardon to Thomas Dickon and John Towneson, 
late of Water Friston in the West Biding, convicted of burglary 
for breaking into the mansion house of and robbing Samuel 
Sunderland of Harding in the West Riding. [S.P. Dom., EnU-y 
Book2Q,f. 139.] 

Warrant to the Lord Chamberloiu for swearing and admitting 
Henry Guy ae Groom of the Bedchamber in the room of Silas 
Titus. [PrecedenU \,f. 34.] 

Warrant constituting Col. John Bueaell commander-in-chief of 
the forces left in London and Westminster during the King's 
absence to preserve the peace, in which he is to observe such orders 
as " our dearest and most entirely beloved son James, Duke of 
Monmouth " shall give from time to time. [Ibid. j. 95.] 



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1675. 

July 6. Tlie King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warnmt for ihe creation of 

Whitehall. ^ sub[K8na Office in the Court of Chancery in Ireland lor drawing, 

writing, preparing and engrossing all writs of subpcena, with a grant 

of the said office bo Richard Aldworth for his life. [S.P. JJoiii., 

Car. II., Signet Offke, Vol. 9, p. 329.] 

July 6. The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant, after reciting letters 

Whitehall, q( 4 June, 1673, which directed Ihat all moneys recovered out of 
any debts due to the '49 security should be paid to AIdgI Ram of 
Dublin, goldsmith, for the use of the persons concerned in the said 
security, and after payment of such quit-rents as were due thereout 
should he equally disposed of, i;o that the said '49 officers might 
receive the full benefit thereof, and that several persons endeavour 
to divert the said moneys to other particular uses to the prejudice of 
the '49 officers, and thai the debts have been by the trustees of 
the said securitr assigned to the Crown, only that the same might 
be applied to the satisfaction of the uusatialied arrears of the said 
officers, declaring that the said recited letters be in all things 
pursued and observed so far as he shall judge the same expedient, 
and that he take care that none of the said moneys recovered out of 
the said debts be applied to any other uses than to what they were 
by the said letters designed, any other letters that he had received 
from the King to the contrary notwithstanding. \_Ibid. p. 331.] 

[July ?] Thomas Jones to the King. Petition praying for a pardon to 
Henry Firman and his release from his long imprisonment, he 
having been employed by the petitioner for the discovery of frauds 
committed by Bamuel Sewster, purser of the Speedwell, and his 
Majesty, having on a former petition of the petitioner's, reprieved 
him about 18 February last, when found guilty at the Old Bailey 
Sessions for making out a false Navy ticket, and Firman soon 
afterwards made out the said discovery amounting to 500^. or there- 
abouts, notwithstanding which he has lain prisoner in Newgate 
above four months. At the side, 

July 7. R^erence thereof to the Recorder oj London. On the back, 

WbiM«U. jji^ report of the truth of the statements in the petition. 9 

July. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 371, No. 240.] 

Another copy ol the above reference. [S-P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 
p. 37.] 

July -7. Sir Thomas Player to Williamson. This gentleman is the person 

GnUdh*!!^ I spoke to you of yesterday. He has conformed, as you will find 
oertified by the Bishop, and this prosecution against him is most 
malicious. I entreat you to look on his certificates and Sir W. 
Jones' opinion, and to procure for him a nolle prosequi before his 
Majesty goes away. I dare assure you he is a modest, humble, 
learned and loyal person, and one that can and will really serve his 
Majesty. Endorsed, "About Tilsley." [SP. Dom., Car. II. 371, 
Xo. 241.] 

[July ?] John Tilsley to the King. Petition showing that, being possessed 
of the small vicarage of Deane, Lancashire, he ceased to preach 
for some years after the Act of Uniformity, till in 1670 he con- 
formed, and obtained licence to preach from the then Bishop of 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEB8. 



July 7. 

Bridlington. 



July 7. 
Ljnn. 



July 7. 



July 7. 



July 7. 



Cheeter in biB diocese, and by virtue thereof has officiated at Deane 
by permission of the legal vicar thereof, but is eince prosecuted in 
the Countj' Palatine of Lancaster by Eoger Kenyon on the Oxford Act 
for reetraming Nonconformists from inhabiting corporations ; and 
begging a warrant to Sir John Otway, Attorney-General for the 
County Palatine, to enter a nolle prosequi on the said information. 
With legal queries on the above case, and report of Sir William 
Jones that the petitioner should not be restrained nor required to 
take any fresh oath, having done what was required by the Act of 
Uniformity. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 371, No. 242.] 

Another copy of the above petition with a separate copy of th« 
opinion and case, \lbid. Not, 248, 244.] 

T. Aalaby to Williamson. Twelve light colliers are at anchor in 
this bay waiting for a fair wind, it being now much northerly. 
Last Friday and Saturday passed by southward a great fleet of 
laden colliers. [Ibid. No. 245.] 



a quiet and healthful 



Edward Bodham to Williamson. We are ii 
condition in these parts. [Ibid. No. 246.] 

John Beading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
departure of packet-boats and mails. ^Ibid. No. 247-] 

Anthony Thorold to Williamson. The 6th arrived the FeUotc- 
ship of this place from Rotterdam. The master and merchants say 
that, a little before their coming away ten days since, the declaration 
6f war was published against the Swedes, and the drums beat for 
seamen, which came in apace to go aboard a squadron of about 
15 men-of-war fitted at Helvoetsluys, their design no further known 
than to secure their trade. Their discourse there was that the 
French decline battle with the Prince of Orange. Their expecta- 
tions from him are great. [Ibid. No. 248.] 

Caveat on behalf of Sir Herbert Price that nothing pass con- 
cerning the grant of a lead mine lately discovered in lands anciently 
belonging to the Monastery of Coverbam, in Swineside in Coverdale, 
Yorkshire. [S.!'. Dom., Entry Book 45, y. 12.] 

Caveat that no instalment be made for a debt of William Pretty- 
man for first fruits and tenths (and for which Charles Porter and 
Mr. Fenn are bound), till notice be given to the Earl of Arlington 
who has a privy seal for 5,000/. odd hundred pounds to be paid out 
of the moneys due by Mr. Prettyman. [Ibid7\ 

Beference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of John Hall, 
praying a concurrent lease of the bailiwick of Westminster and of 
Neat's Court Farm and Hugh's tenement in the Isle of Sheppey, 
to commence after the expiration of the leases in being and such 
further estate as shall be granted by the Queen's trustees, paying 
her the reserved rent during her liie, and afterwards the rent of 
10(. per anmnn. [S.P. Doin., Entry Book 46, p. 97.] 

The King to the Provost and Fellows of Eton. Becommending 
Stephen Upman, Fellow of King's, who has been for some years 



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July 7. 

WiDdtor 
Outle. 



July 7. 

Wind»or 
Cutis. 
July 7. 
Windtor 
Chttla. 



preceptor to his natural sons, the Earls of Southampton, Euaton, 
and Northumborland, for admittance to the next vacant Fellowship 
at Eton, since, as he is a member of King's College, and therefore 
qualified by their statutes for the same, this favour will be no 
prejudice to the declaration lately made by the King to the said 
College, which he intends shall be punctually observed for the 
future. [S.P. Dom., Eiitri/ Book 47, p. 10.] 

Pass for the Comte G-u stave Lei lie and the Sieur Melchior 
d'Haulteville to transport themselves with their servants, &c., to 
Hamburg. IHome Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 69.] 

Warrant to the Lord Keeper for a bill constituting Commissioners 
for Licensing Hackney Coaches, the Commissioners being the same 
as in the warrant of 22 June, with the omission of Weld, Warcup, 
Philip Bulstrode and Harris, and the addition of William Aerskin, 
Henry Progers, John Mytton, Robert Maddox, Henry Bulstrode and 
Symon Smith. Minute. [Ibid.'] 

Patent to Goodwin Wharton for 14 years of a new invention for 
the buoying up of ships and the more easy landing and lading of 
goods. Minute. \_Ibid. p. 70.] 

Warrant, after reciting the warrant of 11 Jan., 1671, for a 
commission for the erection of a supreme court and criminal 
judicatory for Scotland (calendared in S.P. Dom., 1G71, j). 17), and 
that John, Earl of Athole, had lately resigned his office of Justice 
General, and that Sir William Lockbart, formerly Lord Justice 
Clerk, had lately died, for a new commission constituting AleiEander, 
Earl of Murray, the Justice General, Sir Thomas Wallace of 
Graigie, Lord Justice Clerk, and five other senators of the College 
of Justice to be his Majesty's Commissioners and Criminal Judges 
with the powers conferred by the said recited commission. [3 J pages. 
S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book d,p. 262.] 

The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland. 
Warrant for stating the accounts of the money received by Alex- 
ander, Archbishop of Glasgow, on account of the yearly allowance 
of 300/. sterling from the time of bis demitting his charge to his 
restauration and for causing speedy payment to be made to him of 
the 800/. alleged to be due to him, if they shall find it so. llbid. 
p. 266.] 

Commission to Charles Rosse, writer in Edinburgh, to be clerk 
to the Court Martial of the forces in Scotland, llbid. p. 267.] 

The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland. 
After reciting the warrant to them of 19 February last, concerning 
the pay and allowances of Christopher Irving, surgeon-major, and 
John Jessie, second surgeon of the forces in Scotland, which 
allowances had not yet been made effectual to them, and that the 
said surgeon-major had voluntarily offered to accept 98.'sterling 
per diem in place of the allowances formerly granted to him and 
his mates, and tor a horse to carry the surgeons' chests, and the 
said second surgeon Ss. id. sterling per diem, in lieu of the allow- 
ancoB formerly granted to him and his mate, warrant for payment 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



July 7. 

Windtor 
Cattle. 

July 7. 
CMtk. 

July 7. 

Windsor 

Canle. 



July 7. 

Winibor 
Cwtk. 



July 7. 
Windior 
Cutle. 



July 7. 
The Coimoil 
ChiuDber, 

Dublin. 



July 8. 



to them of the said allowancee rwpectively from the date of their 
several commissions, and warrant for payment to Charles Boese, 
clerk of the Court Martial, of an allowauce of 5t. sterling per diem. 
[Nearly 2 pagei. S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 8, p. 268.] 

Warrant for a gift to John, Earl of Athole, of the escheat and 
life-rent of Sir Robert Marray of Abercamey. [Docqu^t. Ibid, 
p. 270.] 

Warrant for a gift of the bastardrie and last heir of Sebastian 
Aston, burgeiss of Linlithgon, in favour of Robert Uilne, Provost of 
Linlithgow. [^Vocquet. Ibid. p. 271.] 

Warrant for a presentation of Donald McKinnon, student of 
theology, to be minister at the kirk of Utraith and Slaite in the 
Isle of Skye. With note that the presentation of this benefice 
belongs to the Biehop of the Isles, but, that bishopric being now 

vacant, hia Majesty presents. [/Joc^uet. Ibid.} 

Protection to Captain Henry Martin, a native of Scotland, who, 
contrary to the proclamation forbidding subjects to list themselves 
in any foreign service, acted for some time under a French 
commission in a privateer, but who is now sensible of his offence, 
and desires to return to his native country. [Ibid. p. 262.] 

Protections to the Countess of Leven, James Gordon, elder, of 
Hothiemay, John Gordon, younger, of Rothiemay, John Ogilvj', 
elder, of Peile and Thomes Inglish of Mordistown, the first being 
for three and each of the others for two yeais respectively, 
[Ibid. p. 273.] 

Proclamation by Lord Lieutenant and the Council. After reciting 
the Act of 28 Henry VI. made in Ireland for the suppressing, 
taking and killing notorious thieves and robbers, which authorized 
all persons to kill and take all such notorious thieves and all thieves 
found robbing or breaking houses by night or by day, and offered a 
reward to every one killing or taking such thieves of \d. of every 
plough and \d. of every cottage in the barony where the man- 
slaughter is done for every thief, to be levied by the sheriff of the 
coilnty within one month after such manslaughter, who, if negligent, 
is to pay the money himself, charging all good subjects to be 
aiding and assisting to each other in taking and kilUng all such 
notorious thieves as shall be found robbing, spoiling or breaking 
houses by night or day, against the said statute, and commanding 
the sheriffs to make levies of the moneys intended thereby to be 
raised as rewards. [8.1'. Ireland, Car. II. 309, ;». 414.] 

Mary Briant to the King. My desire is so much to see your 
princely Majesty I know not what to do. Pray dkect me and pardon 
my boldness. I came to London on foot last year three weeks before 
Whitsuntide, and came to Whitehall. I asked for Mr. Gilbert Thoni- 
bury, BO a proper man with a pike in his hand said your Majesty 
was at Windsor, and Mr. Thornbury also, so I returned forth of 
London on foot, but I cannot do it again. I have been in London 
three years, one after another, and all in vain. I also desire your 



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CHARLES 11. 



Majesty would grant me something from your hand to dig for 
money that was hid by thieves many years ago, and to empty a 
well which, it was supposed, much was put into, and other hopeful 
places, that none might say me nay. Two pots of money have been 
found near this plot already. Many have desired to try, but dare not 
dig in other men's ground without order. I can tell your Majesty 
things which will not wholly displease you. Fray grant me my 
desire. I live in Bowde, a mile from the DevizeB, and have a brother- 
in-law, Humphrey Hoekell, a brazier, living in the Devizes. If your 
Majesty be pleased that I may hear from you, if directed to my 
brother-in-law's bouse it will be safely delivered to me. I have 
your Majesty's picture in my house. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 372, 
No. 1.] 

July 8. Certificate by Sir W, Peake that Francis vande Kerekhove took 
the oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. With 
attestation at the foot that Kerekhove with his family intends to 
settle in England, llbid. No. 2.} 

July 8. Order by the Committee of Trade that there be a general meeting 
of all the merchants of London trading to Cadiz, Port St. Mary, 
St. Lacar, and Seville at Grocers' Hall next Monday at 3 p.m., who 
are to subscribe two certificates, one containing the names of such of 
them as approve of the allowances agreed by several merchants to 
be made to Sir M. Wescomb as Consul at Cadiz by an instrument 
of 24 Aug., 1671, and the other the names of those who disallow 
(he said agreement, the said certificates to be presented to their 
Lordships next Tuesday, and further that the persons who sub- 
scribed the said instrument or as many of them as are about the 
town be summoned to the meeting. [Ibid. Ne. 3.] 

July 8. Minutes of the Committee of Trade about Sir M. Wescomb and 
the merchants. The due wus 150 r»(a/* plate on every ship, Mr. 
Rumbold testifies sometimes was given a piece of 6, but not of due. 

Two ryals plate on a ducat freight on strangers, and one on the 
nation. He does not demand this as his right. 

A general meeting of the traders to Cadiz, &c., particularly those 
in the list. Sir M. Wescombe to be present, if he pleases. (Vote of 
the meeting to be taken as above.) 

Monday afternoon at 4 the Irish Committee. Lord Ranelagh to 
have notice to be present about Lord Dillon's business. 

The Composition Trade at 4 likewise next Monday, the Commis- 
sioners of the Customs to be present, Mr, Bertie to give them notice 
that they come prepared to give their opinion concerning the 
Composition Trade. 

The Irish Committee to he summoned to attend next Monday at 
8. llbid. No. 4.] 

JuIt 8. Dr. John Wallis to Williamson. I have acquainted the Vic«- 
OifoiA. Chancellor how ready you were to afford ub your kind assistance, 
for which he returns his very hearty thanks. You may remember 
how it was against the hair, both with the Commissioners and some 
others, to have the business so allowed us, and some of them were 
not well pleased that the vintner sided so much with us. I premised 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEB8. 



July 9. 
Fljmoatb. 



July 9. 



bim to do bo, finding we had need enough of it to obviate delays, on 
assurance I would use my endeavour that he should at least have 
some competent time allowed him for selling off his wines, but I find 
on my return some of ns here are more severe than I think proper, 
that would not allow him a day or to sell a drop, but to be gone 
presently. If all of us should be of this mind, I doubt it might be 
of ill consequence, since we are not secure we may not be put to play 
the same game over again. I do not find the Vi'^e-Chancellor him- 
self inclined to so much severity, bo, I presume, we shall go more 
moderate ways. It is thought here that the Bishop of Worcester is 
either dead, or not likely to subsist long, which will give occasion 
of alterations. If that or any other occasion give you opportunity 
of doing a kindness to your servant or my son, I believe his 
Majesty would be very ready to grant, if we knew what to ask. I 
have signified to Dr. Conant by his son your good thoughts as to 
him. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 37'2, A'h. 5.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W. No news. [Ibid. 
No. 6^ 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. By a letter from Morlais of 6 July 
that stile, it's reported that the peasants in that province have taken 
up arms, and kill, bum and destroy all the gentry and all such as 
have been receivers and excisemen, and have but little kindness for 
their clergy. They are come within two leagues of Morlaix, and 
have put them into such a consternation that they know not what 
to do nor how to dispose of themselves, [/fcirf. No. 7.] 

Patent to Thomas Neale for 14 years for an engine or pump 
invented by him for draining mines and other uses of that nature, 
which forces and draws water in one whole entire barrel with one 
and the self same stroke, drawing more water and raising it higher 
with less strength and much more ease than any other hitherto 
invented. Minute. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 74,] 

A Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 8.] Enclosed, 
The said list. [Ibid. No. 8 1.] 

Grant to Henry Bulstrode, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, of 
the King's interest in the estate of John Amys of Borden, Kent, lately 
become feh de »e. Minute. {S.P. Dom., Entry Book 26,/. 195.] 

Warrant to Lord Chief Justice North and Baron Vere Bertie, 
Justices of Assize for the Western Circuit, to forbear sentence in 
case William Yowles of Panborough, Somerset, be found guilty of 
felony and burglary, the King being informed of several circum- 
stances in his favour. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 28, /. 137.] 

The King to the Commissioners for regulating Hackney Coaches. 
Recommending to them Henry Henley, for 15 years coachman to 
the Duke of Ormonde, and requiring them to grant him their 
licence to drive a hackney coach on the first vacancy occurring in 
the number established by law, next after such as have been already 
recommended for licences. [Precedents !,/■ 84,] 



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1675. 
July 10. 



*ttly 10. 

BtaodMert. 



[1675.] 
July 10. 

Lotndou.] 



1676. 
July 10. 



July 10. 

Dnblin. 



Warrant for the appointment of Richard Lloyd, LL.D., the King's 
advocate general for the office of High Admiral, and Samuel 
Francklyn, M.A., the King's procurator general, to proceed, sue, and 
prosecute in the Court of Admiralty, all such as are accountable to 
the King for prize ships, goods, <fce., according to the Act of 14 
Car. II. c. 14, entitled. Directions for the prosecution of persons 
accountable for prize goods, Sir Walter Walker, who had been 
appointed thereto, being dead, and for the Judge of the Court of 
Admiralty proceeding therein forthwith. Draft. With note by the 
Earl ofDanby, that he sees no cause why his Majesty may not give 
such warrant as above-mentioned. [S.P. Dmii., Car. II. 372, No. 9.] 

Sir B. Broughton to Williamson. When I was serviceable at the 
time of the plots, you promised me Lord Arlington's favour and 
yours. Allow me now to be a petitioner to you both. My son is 
B.A. in Trinity and stands for a fellowship in All Souls. The 
major part of that society is for him, as I am informed, by one of 
the Fellows, who doubts not to carry it, if not overcome by a Court 
interest. I beseech you, if an application be made to his Majesty 
for another, to put in for me, and grant me your letter to the 
■Warden, if not engaged already. [Ihui. No. 10.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. About 4 this morning arrived one of 
our packet-boats with many passengers. They bring no considerable 
news ; the nearness of the two armies and the unwillingness 
as they imagine of both to engage is their chiefest discourse. 
Several laden colliers have lately passed by for the Thames. The 
wind has been mostly N.W. these last three or four days. [/iirf. 
No. 11.] 

Sir Christopher Musgrave to Williamson. I am very sorry I could 
not receive your commands to Worcester. His Majesty and his 
Royal Highness having declared their gracious intentions towards 
me, I must receive the effect of them by your favour, and therefore 
request you to move them in it. The length of the march requires 
a summer season, which spends apace. ll(nd. No. 12.] 

Pass for a ship of the Grand Duke of Tuscany armed by him 
for convoying merchant ships to and from Leghorn with the name 
in blank. With note, that two more blank passes of the same tenor 
and date were granted for two other ships. iPrecedents 1,/. 82.] 

Warrant to the Ranger of Enfield Chace, as several deer belonging 
thereto straggle out into the woods and com adjacent, whereby 
divers of them are killed by the country people, requiring him to 
cause such of the said deer as he shall judge not likely to return 
and remain in the said chace to be hunted and killed, to prevent 
then: drawing out others with them and being killed by the peasants. 
llbid. f. 88.] 

Robert Leigh to [Williamson] . On this occasion of the Lord 
Lieutenant's going to England, who sailed about five yesterday 
afternoon, I Siought it my obUgation to remind you that this is 
the time for getting anything in this kingdom, especially if a 
Parliament be called here soon as is given out, for he carries with 



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DOME8TIC STATE PAPERS. 



him, as I guess, a scheme of all the settlement of this kingdom with 
an account of most things in the King's disposal still, with design 
to iidvise his Majesty what course shall be taken in it, as also to the 
renewing of the establishment and settling the revenue either to 
farm or otherwise, so that without doubt good things will be got 
wherever they fall. His two chiefest favourites here go with him, 
Sir Charles Meredith, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Sir John 
Temple, the Solicitor-General, an ingenious worthy gentleman, and 
extremely well versed in the settlement of this kingdom, and well 
worth your acquaintance, if you have a fit opportunity, for none 
could be titter to aerve you m relation to this country, or to put 
you in this juncture on some proper thing in the King's gift. 

Postscript. — Apologizing for troubling him with the letter about 
Mr. Reading. [5.P. Ireland, Car. II. 336, No. 171.] 

July 11, John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
Kover. departure of packet-boats and mails. Passengers from Calais and 
Nieuport talk of a defeat given the Swedes by the Brandenhurgers. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. U. 872, No. 13.] 

July 11. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. The ships from 
Poituuouih. the Downs are come to Spithead, viz., the Norwich, Yarmouth, 

liuhy, and the Ann and Christopher and the Holmes fireships. 

They are taking in provisions, and are then to go to Sir John 

Narbrough. [/6W. No. 14.] 

July 11. Warrant for a grant of the office of Sealer to the Great Seal of 
WindBor. England to Thomas Barron, the younger, tor his life in reversion 
after James Da\'ies. {^Precedents 1,/. 84.] 

[July ?] Benjamin Barron to the King. Petition for the Bangership of 
Whitchott Forest in reversion after Mr, Legge. [S.P. Dom,, 
Car. II. 372, No. 15.] 

July 12. Reference thereof to the Lord Treasurer. [5.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 46, p. 38.] 

July 12. Sir J. Barckman Leyenbergh to Williamson. As Lord Oxen- 
LondoD. stierna, being made Groom of the Stole to the King of Sweden, is 
ordered to make all the haste he can for his return, and, as all other 
passages but that of Gottenberg are dangerous, his request is that 
you will beg the favour of one of his Majesty's yachts for him and 
several other Swedish gentlemen, that they might begin their voyage 
about eight days hence. I spoke to his Majesty about it before his 
going for I'ortsmouth, and had for answer that, after his return, he 
would do it. Therefore I hope your intercession will meet with no 
difficulty. 

We have further news from our army that our loss surpasses not 
2,000 men, and that the Brandenhurgers have had a great deal the 
worser, and that ours were ready to take the field. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 372, No. 16.] 

Jaly 12. J. Stanfard to Williamson. The enclosed to his Majesty, the 
Lord Chamberlain, Lord Ossory and yourself are from his Most 
Serene Highness, my master, and are thanks (or the unlimited 



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oivilit; the Prince of Neaburg received from yon all. I beg you 
will deliver the first and command the addrees of the others. [S.P, 
Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 17.] 

Dr. T. Lamplugh to Williamson. You may have heard before 
this how last Friday morning between 9 and 10, it pleased God to 
pat a period to the pains and patience of our good Bishop, who 
spent the day before in bemoaning himself to his God and sending 
up pioue ejaculations to him. After that he lay speechless for about 
12 hours, and then, without any reluctancy, quietly resigned his soul 
and departed in peace, and I doubt not it was welcomed with Ewge, 
bone sene. The day after I came hither, he called me to his bedside 
and asked after his friends at Court, and made frequent mention of 
bis gracious master, and prayed most heartily for bim and said 
" Nothing laid him so low as the consideration that be had not been 
more serviceable to him," and many other pious expressions con- 
cerning him. By his will he gave all his temporals (after payment 
of debts and funeral expenses) to pious uses, to repair this church, 
to rebuild the Bishop's house, and to the poor of his diocese, both 
clergy and laity. He showed kindness to his friends and relatives, 
but this was done in a deed by itself. This place very much resents 
his death. The Mayor ordered his funeral knell to be rung in every 
parish in the town, and all the rest generally express great sorrow 
for his loss. This day sennight is appointed for the day of his 
interment, which will be done, according to his own direction, in a 
modest and decent manner. [iliW. No. 18.] 

Francis Bellott to Williamson. This week came in a few vessels. 
The wonderful providence of God has been lately manifested on a 
young lad of this port, who was disordered in his brain, and some 
three weeks since got out of his mother's house at 10 at night, and 
got on board a small boat with one oar, the wind being high and 
N.W., and was driven out to sea, and some five days after wm found 
12 leagues off Ram Head by a vessel for Croisic, who carried him 
in there, and last night he was brought in hither by a vessel from 
thence. Wind N.W. [Ibid. No. 19.] 

Jaly 12. Thomas Holdeo to Williamson. Giving a fuller account of the 
Almonth. lad mentioned in the last, whose name was Hugh Rogera. The 
master of the vessel that brought him says there was some disturb- 
ance in Brittany, but that it was appeased again. [Ibid. No. 20.] 

July 12. Warrant from Lord Arlington to Sir Christopher Wren to repair 
a little room in the Greencloth Yard at Whitehall near Sir George 
Carteret's for the use of Mrs, Jones, necessary woman to the 
Queen. [Ibid. No. 21.] 



nly 12. 

BnOHUlit. 



Jaly 12. 
Jnly 12. 



Caveat on behalf of Sir R. Carr for Mr. Barron that nothing pass 
concerning the grant of the place of Ranger of Whitchot Forest till 
notice given to him. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 12,] 

Warrant to Sir John Ottway, Attorney-General of the Connty 
Palatine of Lancaster, to enter a nolle proseqai on an information 



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DOMESTIC 8TATE PAPERS. 



exhibited at the MaucheBter Quarter Sessions against John Tilsley, 
elerk, upon the Oxford Act restraining Nonconformists from 
inhabiting corporations, noth withstanding he has conformed himself 
to the laws, [//ome Office, Warratit Book 1, p. 70.] 

July 18. W. Garr to Williamson. Lady Northumberland, nob being 
personally acquainted with you, has desired me to recommend her 
business to you, of which you will l)e informed by the bearer. On 
my account I know my son is no friend to her family, therefore I 
must beg you to get him to give a speedy dispatch to her request. 
(hi the back, 

Draft by Williamson of the reference to Sir R. Can; calendared 
post, p. 212. [&'./>. Doth., Car. II. 872, No. 22.] 

July 18. Certificate by Bir W. Peake that Creyn Van Doren took the oaths 
of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. [/tiV/. A'o. 2S.] 

July 13. Burton Ooodwin to Francis Boyley. I was in good hopes to 
have had my old shop, but, being taken before I came, I have 
sheltered myself in the Castle, ^here, being once acquainted, I do 
not question I shall have as good a trade as if I were in the town, 
and now I am at a reasonable charge and on the other side at a 
very great one. 

Here is but a thin Court at present, and I am afraid it will not 
mend. Here are no more gentry than just what wait on the King. 
All the reet run out of town. Give my love to Jack Roche. ^Ibid. 
No. 24.] 

July 13. Sir John Frederick to Sir John Nicholas. According to the 
Order in Council, he has held a meeting in Grocers' Hall of all the 
merchants trading for Spain ; most of them subscribed the paper 
disallowing the allowances for Sir Martin Westcomb, but none the 
other approving of them, llbid. No. 25.] Enchaed, 

I. Certificate of approval of the above aUotcancei, at granted 
12 Jidy, 1675 ; icith note that all refused to tubscribe it. 
[Ibid. No. 25 i.] 

II. Certificate of their desire that no more be paid to Wettcomb 
than loo ryalsper vessel and 50 to the rice-consid, and nothing 
on his part be imposed on any floods laden on Enf/Iith ships. 
Numerously signed. [Ibid. No. 25 ii.] 

July 13. Order by the Committee for Trade on the above case, that a report 
be prepared, certifying that Sir Martin, in order to keep on good 
terms with the merchants, will not pretend to any other duty for 
consulage than the 150 ri/als per ship for himself and his vice- 
consul and quits his pretensions to other duties and that he will 
not force ships to receive a guard till his consulage be paid, nor 
require other bills of lading than what the master and merchants 
give in, only he desires security for his 150 dollars, and advising 
a recommendation to the merchants for an increase to his allowance. 
{Ibid. No. 26.] 

Minates of the above order. [Ibid. No. 27.] 

July 13. Silas Taylor to Williamson. One of our packet-boats arrived 
Harwich, yesterday morning, but the master not staying above three hours 



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CHARLES IL 



July IS. 

PIrmouth. 



at the Brill, heard Dot as; newa, except the general (liscoarse of 
the defeat of the Swedes. The wind has been for several days and 
continues about N. and N.E. [S.P. Dmu, Car. IL 372, No. 28.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N. To-day, if the wind 
continueSi the Harwich, Yarmoutk, Ann and Ckrittopher andHolmet, 
with two merchant ships bound for Tangier, will sai\ from Spithesd 
to prosecute their commands. llUd. No. 29.} 

L. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing hat of ships arrived. 
id. No. 30.1 Enclosed, 
The said list. [Ibid. No. SO i.] 

July 13. Warrant tor a congi d'elire to the Dean and Chapter of Worcester 

Windsor. ^ g|gpj ^ bishop to that see, void by the deam of Dr. Walter 

Btandford, and for a letter recommending Dr. James Fieet^tood, 

chaplain in ordinary to the King, and Provost of King's College, 

Cambridge, for Section. {S.P. Dom., Entry Book 27,/. 71.] 

July 18. Warrant for the reprieve of William Bonner, prisoner in Newgate, 
condemned to death for stealing two horses of small value, this being 
his first offence, and he drawn in by bad company. Minute. 
iS.P. Dom., Entry Book 28,/. 140.] 



July 13. 

WindBor 
Caatle. 



Report by Secretary Coventry on the reference to him by Order 
in Council of 25 June last for endeavouring an amicable com- 
position between the Loyal Indigent Officers and the Master of the 
Bevels and Groom Porter. I find the main question is about the 
Indian Game and Twirling Board, which the officers allege to be a 
lottery and consequently granted them by their patents, and they 
also say it was never permitted since their patent but by them. On 
the other side it is averred by the Groom Porter that it is a new 
invention and let since his coming into the office, being only a game 
and DO lottery and by the general clauses of his patent belonging to 
him. I moved a composition and acquainted them with your 
Majesty's express pleasure for their agreeing, but the Groom Porter 
thought the right of his place so much concerned, that he would not 
be persuaded to it, so I refer it to your Majesty's further considera- 
tion. [PreeedenU 1,/. 83.] 

July 14. Memorandum that his Majesty, having that day declared in 
Council that he would not wear any foreign points or laces after his 
return to Whitehall, Ukewise ordered that after Michaelmas next 
none of his subjects wear any such points or laces, and the Lord 
Chamberlain of the Household is not to permit any of his subjects 
wearing such points or laces to appear in his Majesty's presence. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. IL 372, No. 31.J 

Certificate by Sir W. Peake that Cornelius Lamberts took the 
oatiis of allegiance and supremacy before him that day. 
[iWrf. No. 32.] 

Matthew Andertoa to Williamson. Last Monday the Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland landed in this river out of the Noririch, 
accompanied by the Earl of Tyrone, Sir John Temple, Sir William 



July 14. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



July 14. 
Hampton 
Conit. 



July 14. 
HmnptoD 



July 14. 
HuuptOD 



Talbot, Co!. Dillon and divers other personB of qaality. He went 
hence early yesterday' morning, and hopes to be at Windsor on 
Friday or ^atnrday next at furthest to wait on his Majesty. {S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 83.] 

The King to the Master and Fellows of Christ's College, 
Cambridge. Requiring them to elect Thomas Lyntord, M.A., the 
man of most loyalty, piety and learning among the candidates, to 
Dr. Cart's fellowship in that college, which is of King Edward's 
foundation, and is now void, [S.P. Doin., Entry Book 27, f. 183.] 

The King to Sir R. Raiusford and Sir [Timothy] Littleton, Justices 
of Assize for the Northern Circuit. In case Christopher Banietre, 
Edward Ashton and Joseph Worthington of Lancashire, who are 
to be tried before them for the killing of Peter Slater, be found 
guilty, directing them not to give judgment, and on their return to 
give a full account of the whde matter to the King, that so he may 
judge how far the said persons are fit object of his mercy. 
[S.P. Dom., Enti-y Book 42, p. 15.] 

Reference to Sir Robert Carr as to what is of the Duchy of 
Lancaster of the petition of Elizabeth, Gonnteas of Northumberland, 
(the part of her suit which relates to lands immediately depending 
on the Crown having been referred to the Lord Treasurer) for a 
lease of 99 years without fine of the prefixed particulars, reserving 
to the lessees in possession the (nil benefit of their leases and 
paying his Majesty the reserved yearly rent now payable thereout. 
Prefixed is the above particular of lands, &c., in the King's disposal, 
now in lease for about 25 years from 1675 and some in lease for 35 
years in the liberty of the Duchy of Lancaster, viz. : — 

Essex. Manor of Dedham as set for 21 years to I. t. d. 
Humphrey Whitegrove, 10 April, 1667 81 11 5 
^Badlmm Park, &c., set for about per 



Yorkshire. 



Staffordshire. \ 



In Ripon a marl quarry and several 

cottages, and 
lands in Whitby and Kellington as set 

pa- amnnn - . . - 

Manors and parks of Tutbury, Castle 
Hay and Hanbury as set to several 
tenants for about 40 years to come' 
for about j»e»- annvm 



17 5 7 



6 


8 


86 10 





18 S 


a 


11 1.1 


a 


2 10 


a 


2 






^ Agersly and Hanbury Parks and in Holl- 
field some lands and liberty to dig 
plaster, and coal mines in the manor 
of Newcastle, RufChey, Shalton and 
Hanley with perquisites of Courts in 
\ Newcastle, &c. 
Lincolnshire. Marsh lands in Bourne Fens set in 1660 
for 31 years at per annum 
Kent. Lauds called East and West Broomfields 
in lease for 31 years from 4 June, 1663 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 88.] 



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1675. 

July 14. 

Hampton. 
Court. 



July 14. 
Hunplon 
Couil. 



July 14. 
H&inptan 
Canrt. 



July 14. 
HamptDD 
Court. 



Grant to [Benjamin] Baron of the office ol Banger of Wbich- 
wood Forest, in reversion after George Legge. Minute. [Home 
Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 72.] 

The King to the Commiesioiiers of the Treasury in Scotland. 
Warrant for granting discharges of the feu and blench duties of 
the lands belonging to Colin, Earl of Balcarres, for the crop and 
year 1674. [S.P. Scotlaiul, WaiTant Book 3, p. 274.] 

The King to the Commission ere of the Treasury and Exchequer 
in Scotland. Warrant for inserting the taxt duties of the ward, 
non-entry, relief and marriage in the blanks of the signature in 
favour of Sir John Stirling of Keir, which changed the holding of 
his ward lands into taxt ward, according to the retoured duties 
of his said ward lands. [Ibid. p. 275.] 

Warrants for charters of new infeftment to the following persons 
of the following lands, &c. : — 



Sir Charles Bamsay of Bal- 
manie, Baronet, his heirs male 
and assigns wfaatsoever. 



Sir William Beunett of Gru- 
bett, in life rent, and William his 
eldest son, and the heirs of his 
body, with remainder to the said 
Sir William's heirs and asfiigns. 

Bobert Burnett, brother of Sir 
Alexander Burnett, of Leyes, 
deceased, hia heirs and assigns 
whatsoever. 



John Hamilton of Cowbairdie, 
in life rent, and James his eldest 
son, and the heirs of his body, 
with remainder to the said John 
Hamilton's heirs and assigns 
whatsoever. 



Lands and barony of Balmanie 
and half of the town and lands 
of Pitgarvie and other lands, on 
the said Sir C. Bamsay's resigna- 
tion, with a twvodamus and an 
ereckion thereof into the barony 
of Balmanie, and with a change 
of the holding from simple ward 
to taxt ward. 

Lands and barony of Grubett, 
on Sir William Bennett's resigna- 
tion, with a novodavius and with 
a change of the holding from 
simple ward to taxt ward. 

Lands and barony of Glen- 
bervie and the patronage of the 
Kirk of Glenbervie, on the resigna- 
tion of Capt. Robert Douglas of 
Glenbervie, with a noiadamus,&nd 
with a taxation of the marriage, 
when it shall happen, to a certain 
sum to be filled up in the signa- 
ture by the Commissioners of the 
Treasury. 

Town and lands of Cowbairdie, 
on the resignation of the said 
John and James Hamilton, with 
a norodamus and an erection of 
tho said lands into the barony ol 
Cowbardie, and with a change of 
the holding from simple w^ to 
taxt ward. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Gol. James MenzieB of 
Culdaires, with remainder to 
Archibald, bis eldest sou, and 
their respective heirs male and 
of tailie. 



George Clappertoon of 'Wyllie- 
cleugh, his heirs and assigns 
whatsoever. 



Gilbert, eldest son of Gilbert 
Neileon of Craigcaffie by Jean 
Fleeming, deceased, his first 
spouse, and the heirs male of 
his body, with remainders over. 



Thomas Lyall of Easter Gaigy, 
and Joanna Maria Lindsey, bis 
spouse, and the survivor of them 
and the heirs male of his body, 
with remainders over. 



Andrew Flumbar of Midlesteid, 
his heirs and assigns whatso- 
ever. 



Lands of Coldaires and 
Tynnaffs and Auchaime, on their 
own resignations, and half the 
kirklands of the paroch kirk of 
Dull, comprehending the lands 
of Garf and other lands, on the 
resignation of themselves and 
Thomas Menzies of Carf, with a 
confirmation of the infeftment 
of the said Thomas and those of 
Wilham and Alexander Menzies, 
his father and uncle, of the said 
kirklands, and with a novodamua 
and an erection of all the 
said lands into the barony of 
Coldairs. 

Lands and barony of Willie- 
cleugh and mains of Williecleugh 
on the resignation of John Clap- 
pertouQ, minister at Zara, and 
others, with a myrodamus and an 
erection thereof into the barony of 
Williecleugh and a change of the 
holding from simple ward to tast 
ward. 

Lands and barony of Craigcaffie 
in Wigtonshire, and lands of 
Smyrtoun in the Earldom of 
Carrick, Ayrshire, on the 
resignation of Gilbert Neilson, 
the elder, with a reservation of 
his life rent, and with a itorudamits 
and an erection of all the said 
lands into the barony of Craig- 
caffie and with a change of the 
holding from simple ward to 
tait ward. 

Lauds and mains of Mickle 
Dysert in the barony of Dysert, 
Forfarshire, on the resignation 
of Robert Melvill of Dysert, 
with the consent of William, his 
eldest son, and I'utrick Scot of 
Rossie, with a noaidamim and a 
change of the holding from 
simple ward to tast ward. 

Lands of Sharplaw and Lin- 
houses and other lands in the 
parochine of Euname, Roxburgh- 
shire, on the resignation of 
William Crumble of Sharplaw, 
and Barbara Rutherfoord, his 



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CHABLES II. 



David Hunter, younger, of 
BurneBide, his heirB 
whatsoever. 



William Oliphant of Colcuqu- 



spouse, with a norodamu^ and 
a change of the holding from 
simple ward to taxt ward. 

Town and lands of Auehterfor- 
far as well the sunniehalf as the 
shadowhalf thereof, with other 
lands in the parochine of Mony- 
fuith, Forfarshire, with a novo- 
damns and an erection thereof 
into the barony of Auchterforfar, 
and with a change of the holding 
from simple ward to taxt ward. 
The five halves of the west end of 



har, with remainder to David Forgundeny called Chartersiand, 
his son and the heirs male of and two part of the shadowhalf 



his body, with remainders over- 



George Gordon, eldest son of 
Patrick Gordon of Boigs of 
Darley, his heirs male and 
assigns whatsoever, with similar 
gifts in remainder to James and 
John, his second and third 
brothers, with remainders over. 

John Scott of Syntowne, his 
heirs and assigns whatsoever. 



of the oxgate of Piteaitblie and 
other lands, with a n&vodamiia 
and an erection thereof into a 
free barony and with a change 
of the holding from simple ward 
to taxt ward. 

Town and lands of Boigs of 
Darley and other lands in the 
parochine of Auchterless, Aber- 
deenshire, on the resignation of 
the said Patrick Gordon, with a 
noroclamvn and a change of the 
holding from simple ward to 
taxt ward. 

Lands of North Syntowne 
in the barony of Dawick, Rox- 
burghshire, with a noi'odamut 
and a change of the holding 
from simple ward to taxt ward. 
Hugh Fork, sheriff clerk of Lands of Leichland and Over- 
Bentrew, his heirs and assigns Leichland and other lands in the 
whatsoever. parochines of Paisley and Kil- 

barchan, Benfrewshire, on the 
resignation of James Wallace and 
George Bosse, with a novodamus, 
to be holden of his Majesty and 
his successors as the same are 
now become in his hands by 
virtue of the Act of Surrender 
made by the Abbots and Lords 
of erection in favour of his late 
Majesty in 1688, and with a 
change of the holding from 
simple ward to taxt ward. 
[Docqueti. S.P. Scotland. Warrant Book 3, pp. 276-294.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
July 15. 



Certificate by Sir W. Peake that Henry Van Campen took the 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy before him that day, and 
declared that he intends with all convenient speed to bring over 
his family to reside in this nation, lS.P. Vom., Car. II. 372, 
So. 34.] 

July 15. Dr. Lively Moody to [Williamsoiil . If I write seldom, the only 
Cmnbridge. reason is that I understand myself better as well as your great 
affairs than to be importunate. If I write at all, 'tis but to let you 
see that the sense of your many favours shall never depart from 
me. I may be unhappy, but will never be ungratoful. 'Tis some 
satisfaction to me that our Uiiiversitj' looks on me as a metn not 
made to serve my own ends but those of the public, were I in some 
better capacity, and, therefore, were it in their power, I should not 
stick long at mark, but I have many friends, though not one angel 
to throw me into the pool but yourself. 'Tis you only that can 
utir those waters, which when you do, you shall find legs and arms 
and all I am ready to serve the interests of our Church, [/ti*/. 
No. 35.] 

July 16. T, Aslaby to Williamson. To-day sailed out of this bay 40 light 
Bridlington. colHers, the wind E.N.E. A great many laden ships have passed 
by to the southward all this week. [^IhUl. No. 36.] 

July 15. Silas Taylor to Williamson. Several ships laden and light pass 
Hiufwioh. by UB daily. The wind continues easterly. [Ibid. No. 37.] 

July 15. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind S.W. Yesterday mom- 

Foiumouth iiig sailed the Haniich and Yarmouth and the rest of the ships to 

be added to Sir John Narborough against the Tripolieses. \lhUl. 

No. 38.] 

July 15. Thomas Holden to Williamson- The 12th came in a Newcastle 
Falmontli. vessel in seven days from Amsterdam bound for Bordeaux:. The 
master says there were ItS men-of-war of from 50 to 80 guns ready 
to put to sea, and that live great ones came out with him as far as 
Beachy, and that there was a report that the two armies were 
engaged. The 13th came in the Constant Manj in 10 days from 
Croisic. Off Ushant she met with five Flushing men-oi-war of 
from 24 to 30 guns, which had taken a French man-of-war of 30 
guns and another great ship of 8 or 400 tons, laden with timber 
lor the King's ukc, bound for Brest. The 14th came in the 
Jaiiicg of Peiiryn in four days from Morlaix, which confirms the 
news of the rel)ellion there, and says they are in three armies, 
10,000 ill an army, and that they have the best in the country to 
head and encourage them. They have hanged several in the high- 
ways and have sent to Morlaix that they shall hang all that collect 
to yahdle, or, if they escape, will pull down their houses. The 
merchants arc shipping their goods on vessels to send them down 
under the castle for security, for they know not how soon they may 
come there. [/Wf/, No. 39.] 

July 15. Warrant to Lord Chief Justice North and Vere Bertie, Justices of 
WindNtr. Assize for the Weateni Circuit, to forbear to execute the penalty of 



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CHARLES II. 



the law on James Rew ol Ashbrittle, Somfireet, ii found guilty of a 
theft, his wife Alice having been as acceasory indicted for the same 
fact and acquitted. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 28, /. 188.] 

July Id. Caveat that no grant pass of a King's waiter's place in the port 
of London. With memorandum that this car fat was entered at the 
desire of Sir John Uuneombe and Sir John Shaw, and that notice 
be given to Mr. James Bairboue of Maiden Lane, Covent Garden. 
{S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 12.] 

July 15. The King to the Master and Fellows of Christ's College. Grant- 

WiodKir. ing a dispensation for non-residence to Henry More, D.D., Fellow 

of the College, who by reason of indisposition of body and for 

other reasons, cannot be resident so constantly as by the strict rules 

and statutes he ought to be. \S.P. Dom., Entry Book 47, p. 11.] 

July 15. Warrant for swearing and admitting Henry, Bishop of Oxford, to 
WindMr. i)e Dean of the Chapel Royal, void by the death of Walter, Bishop 
of Worcester. IPrecedents 1, /. 85.] 

July 15. The Earl of Danby to the Prince of Orange. I should not have 
LosdoD. presumed to trouble your Highness, had not the Lord Ambassador 
Temple given me confidence to believe you will not be offended at 
my tendering the humblest of my duty and service and assuring 
you I should esteem it my greatest happiness, if I could do any- 
thing worthy of your consideration. He will be able to inform you 
at his return not only how earnestly but how affectionately the 
King desires a perfect kindness and confidence betwixt your 
Highness and himself, and I know nothing in this world of which 
I could ever be more ambitious than to be an instrument both in 
the promoting and preserving of it. I find my Lord Ambassador 
S3 perfectly of my mind in all things which tend to yonr service, 
that I have desired him to give you a larger account of my readi- 
ness to obey any commands wherein your Highness may think me 
useful. (Recommending the bearer. Col. Fenwick.) (S.P. Dom., 
King William's Chest 1, No. 6.] 

July 15. The Duke of Lauderdale to the Earl of Linlithgow. In com- 
"»■"■ pliance with your desire I have acquainted his Majesty with the 
question touching command lately risen between the major of the 
Major- General's regiment and the captains of the regiment of 
Guard commanded by yourself, who does not think it reasonable that 
any captain of the latter regiment should comyiand the major of 
the other, but he declares that even the youngest captain of the 
regiment of Guard shall command any captain of the other regi- 
ment. [S.P. Scotland, tf'arrant Book 3, }>. 295.] 

July 16. Richard Potts to Williamson. 
*'"^"- Dom., Car. II. 972, No. 40.] 



No news. Wind westerly. [S.P, 



July 16. James Welsh to Williamson. Sending an account of the charge 

^J*- of the shallop sent out by Williamson's orders in May, 1673, to give 

notice of the enemy's being at sea and to carry packets to the fleet, 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



of which he Jiad formerly given him notice, had he not been pre- 
vented by WilHamsoii's goiug soon afterwards to Cologne. [S.P. 
Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 41.] 

•Taly 16. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Plymouth. [Ibid. No. 42.] Enclosed, 

The said list. [Ibid. No. 42 1.] 

July 16. Warrant for inserting Henry Firman, convicted of having forged 
Windwjr. a Navy ticket, in the next general pardon. Minute. [Home O^ce, 
Warrant Book 1, p. 73.] 

July 16. Warrant to the Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and the 
WiDdn>r. Recorder of London, for inserting in the nest general pardon John 
Ashmore and Richard Short, at the request of John Combes, 
mercer, of London, who by his petition has stated that he was 
robbed last February of goods of considerable value, and that 
Ashmore and Short were convicted as accessories and confessed 
they sold the goods to Anne Ivery and John Collier, against whom 
the petitioner can have no remedy at law, unless by the evidence of 
Ashmore and Short, [iiuf.] 

July 16. Declaration that Lady Diana Veruey, daughter ot William, Earl 
Windsor, of Bedford, lately married to William, Lord Alington, Baron of 
Killard in Ireland, shall enjoy the same place and precedency as is 
and was due to ber as daughter of the said Earl, inasmuch as every 
daughter of an earl, marrying a peer, has but place and precedency 
as the wife of that peer except by a particular dispensation, with 
warrant to James, Earl of Suffolk, Deputy Earl Marshal, to see this 
order observed, and cause this declaration to be registered in the 
College ot Arms. [Ibid. p. 79.] 

July 16. Warrant for a grant to James, Earl of Northampton, of the office 
WiDdsor o( Constable of the Tower, to hold during pleasure, fee 100^ per 
°""''- annw,,. [PrecedcnUi l,f.85.-] 

July 16. The King to the Commissioners for licensing Hackney Coaches. 
windaor. Requiring them to continue Henry Spelman, who has for several 

years behaved well and faithfully as clerk and collector of the 

coaches' rent, in his said place. [Ibid./. 86.] 

July 16. Recommendation to the Commissioners for licensing Hackney 
Coaches of John Crow, coachman to Mr. Savile, lor a licence to 
drive a coach after such as have already obtained letters for such 
licences. [Ibid./. 87.] 

July 16 Thomas Burrowes to Williamson. Two letters containing 
and 20. nothing but shipping news. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 335, Not. 
KiDBftle. 172, 173.] 

July 17. Silas Taylor to Williamson. By one of our packet-boats which 

Harwich, arrived yesterday afternoon we received this account : — That the 

Dutch are fitting out with all diligence 40 men-of-war for the 

Sound, that De Ruyter ia to command them, and that the ship lie 



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July 17. 



Sunday, 
July 18. 



goes iQ himself is ready at HelvQetsluys. Withal they report 
(upse Dutch) that the Prince of Orange is seeking out the French 
army. Wind N.E. [A'.P. Doni., Car. II. 872, No. 48.] 

Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. The assizes for this county 
began last Thursday and ended yesterday, the next day. King, the 
coachman, one of the four supposed robbers of Mr. Matthews, the 
Exeter carrier, of 770/. the day before the last assizes betwixt 
Dorchester and Blandford, was last Wednesday brought from 
London in order to his trial, but found not guilty. One Game of 
Yeovil that struck Mr. Warre, by reason whereof he lay some time 
ill, and after the striking down robbed liim at Babel hill, near 
Yeovil, was condemned to die, and another for horse stealing, the 
latter not like to sufFer. Whether the former shall escape banging 
is a question. The judges went this morning for Eion, where they 
intend to be to-night. [Ibid. No. 44,] 

The Earl of Danby to [Williamson]. 1 have newly received a 
letter from Lord Sunderland, directing me by the King's command 
to let you know it is his pleasure to have a warrant prepared by 
you as soon as may be for creating the Duchess of Portsmouth's son 
Duke of Richmond, by the name of Charles Bichmond, Duke of 
Richmond, and to be in every particular as the last patent for Duke 
of Richmond was, which his lordship says you can procure. If 
Lord Sunderland's letter had arrived before I left town, I had 
acquainted you with these commands myself. I shall let his Majesty 
know what I have done so soon as I reach Windsor, where I intend 
to be to-night. [Ibid. No. 45.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrivals and 
departures of packet-boats and mails. At 8 this morning arrived 
a yacht from Dieppe with Sir Thomas Bond's lady. [Ibid- No. 46.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. It being Sabbath day I have no 
list of ships. Last night came in here the William of this place 
from Virgmia, most of her men sick. Yesterday the Dutch East 
India ship which set a new mainmast here, went out of Catwater 
into the Sound ; she waits for a convoy for the East Indies. [Ibid, 
No. 47-] 

The King to the Dean and Chapter of Wells. Desiring that Edwin 
Sandys, M.A., have the first canon residentiary's place in their 
church, according to the recommendation of 31 Aug., 1674, although 
letters have been unwittingly granted since then in favour of another 
person. [S.P. Ihm., Eittrtf Book 27,/. 71.] 

July 18. Grant of the place of Usher and Crier in the Court of King's 
Bench to Thomas White in reversion after Nathan Smyth for the 
lives of John Baggelley, Thomas Bartlet and William Higford and 
the life of the survivor of them. Minute. [PTecedenta 1, /. 88.] 

July 19. Sir Philip Musgrave to [Wilhamson] . Your favours to me and 

Eden Usli. mine at my last being at London are daily thought on by me. 

After I had spent almost three weeks in crossmg to and fro m my 

journey on visits to some friends, I came here at last, not altogether 



July 18. 
Plfmoutb. 



July 18. 
WindKir. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



July 19. 

Bridlington. 



fuly 1! 



July 19. 

Fendennis. 



as well as when I lett it, for my many days travel, though moat of 
them shorter than when I came up to London, disordered me more, 
but every month's addition to my years I expect to be attended 
with increase of iulirmitiea. On account of his Majesty's service I 
request you will remind him of his puirose to send my son 
Christopher's company to GarliBle. There is need of it, and his 
appearing at the assizes there would be of use to the King and 
country's concern, which I shall ever regard more than my own, 
though I suffer for opposing those not so inclined. My bod Thomaa 
' ia now installed a prehend at Durham, and attends your commanda 
only for the resignation of hia prebend's place at Carlisle, which I 
perceive he may hold without any further qualification, if our 
biahop's delay in making good hia word to you shall require it. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 48.] 

T. Aslaby to Williamson. Last Saturday came into this bay, the 
wind being northerly, about 80 light ships, hut in the evening, the 
wind coming fair, they loosed and stood northwards, and we judge 
are got to their lading ports. This day several light ahipa pasaed 
by aoutbwards. [Ilnd. No. 49.] 

Bichard Watts to Williamson. To-day I received from your 
office a packet for Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbados, 
dated 8 June. Where the mistake lies I know not, or where it baa 
lain these six weeka. I showed them the auperscription at the post 
office. They made it appear it came but last night. The outside 
directed to me bore no date or writing, so I know not well who to 
trouble. There is no Barbados ship in the Downs at present, but 
we expect one from Graveaend this week by whom I shall send it. 
Very little wind at S.W. llbid. No. 60.] 

Hugh Acland to Williamaon. Since my laat I have no news but 
that the Bretons continue their rebellion, as I am informed by a 
vessel arrived this day from Conquett that they are up in several 
places, but without any guide. They do much mischief in destroy- 
ing the gentry. Wind S.W. [Ibid. No. 51.] 

Francis Bcllott to Williamson. Shipping news. Lord Arundel, 
who is at present here, commands me to give you his bumble 
service, and he acquainted me with your noble expressions and 
promises of kindness towards me, for which I humbly return my 
most hearty thanks. [^Ibid. N". 52.] 

Thomaa Holden to Williamson. The 18tb came into Helford the 
.inthoiiy of that place from St. Malo, which says that the mutineers 
are about 10,000 strong about those parts, and that their leaders 
are all in vizards. They have sent into that place that, unless they 
kill those that are tor the gahelle, they will come in upon them. 
They expect to have the same privileges they had in Queen Anne'a 
time. The Parliament at Bennea is removed to a strong garrison 
town near St. Malo. The 16th came in the Kosse of Helford, which 
says they met off Uabant the five Flushing men-of-war, who confirm 
the taking of the French man-of-war and the great ship laden with 



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Giving the same uewB as the 



'°,Ki'i5- 



timber. They have also taken a French Weat Indiaman of 16 guns, 
and have taken and driven ashore a fleet of abont 60 small French- 
men. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 372, No. 53.] 

Thomas Holden to James Hickes. 
the last. [Ibid. No. 54.] 

Warrant for creating Henry, Earl of Euston, Duke ot Grafton. 
Minute. [Pi-eredenl* 1, f. 87.] 

Warrant tor creating Sir William Ducie of Tortworth, Gloneester- 
shire, Baron ot Clones, and Viscount of Downe, in the kingdom of 
Ireland. Minute. (The date is originally written July 19, but the 
Ifl was afterwards cancelled. ) [Ibid. J. 88.] 

The Earl of Ogle to [Williamson] . My father entreats you to 
acquaint his Majesty that within these three years three deputy 
lieutenants are dead, and none has been made since, and that Sir 
Edward Nevile of Grove is very fit for that employment, and he 
humbly desires his Majesty's allowance to make him a deputy 
lieutenant. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 55.] 



No news. Wind westerly, \_lbid. 



July 20. Richard Potts to Williamson. 
«<»«kt«»'- No. 56.] 

July 20. Silas Taylor to Robert Yard, I lately wrote several times to Sir 
Hkrwicb. Joseph, relating to some particular business of my own, but not 
hearmg from him makes me question whether tney ever came 
to bis sight, and to desire your advice how in future, when I have 
private business not relating to correspondency, I shall address my 
direction to him. I have also a kind of a jealousy that I am some- 
times not kindly used betwixt Whitehall and this, and therefore 
beg you to let me know where the miscarriage was of that letter ot 
last Saturday, which should have come from Sir Joseph's office, tor 
I received none. Here is no news, westerly winds having, as we 
suppose, hindered the arrival of our Saturday's packet-boat. The 
Sapphire sailed hence for the River. I presume Sir Joseph is at 
Windsor, and therefore I must direct my letters of buaineaa to him 
there. {Ibid. \». 67.] 

July 20. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind 8.W. Yesterday the 
Fortmnouih. Greyhound came in here, which is to convoy the two French yachts 
built here for that King, they being for to go for Newhaven (Havre). 
[Ihid. No. 58.] 

July 20. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosed is the list ot ships, ae 
Pl^nioaUi. also a relation which Ryder brings from Morlaix. Wednesday came 
to Looe a vessel from St. Malo, which had a very short passage. 
The master reports that there was a great body of peasants in arms 
nigh St. Malo requiring all they met to join with them. They killed 
all who refused, saying they would leave no enemies behind them. 
They sent a message into St. Malo that they should send them out 
eight persons belonging to the Customs ; if tbey refused, they would 



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DOMEHTIC STATE PAPERS. 



fetch them out by force. Their leaders are in vizards. They 
say that the whole province will joia with them. [S.I'. Dom., 
Car. II. 372, No. 59.] Enclosed, 
The saul list, llbid. No. 59 i.] 

Statement by John Ryder, master of the Morlaix Merchant irhirh 
came from Morlaix 14 Jidy, that about 8,000 countrymen icere 
in arms when he came thence, and tluU they had sent a letter 
to the Goiernnr of MorlaLr that, if he did not permit them to 
come into the toirn qnietlif and have the bodies of eight persons 
belonging to the Customs, they would come into the toicn by 
force and arms. The train bands are in arms to opjnise the 
peasants, and planted three great gans in the Townhouse, and 
one gentleman's house, where are 9 great guns planted, andJiUrd 
up old, hogshead butts with earth for their musketeers' safety. 
One oj the French King's ofiieers was hanged to his own door 
with boots and spurs, burning his house to the ground. 18 July. 
Postscript by iMnyon. — The gentleman cj-ecuted uat at his 
country house. [Ibid. No. 59 ii.] 

July 20. Appointment of Bichard Lloyd, Doctor of Laws, Advocate General 
windwr. for the office of High Admiral of England and K.C., and Samuel 
Franklyn, M.A., the King's Procurator General, to sue and prosecute 
in the High Court of Admiralty, according to the Act of 14 Car. II., 
entitled, "Directions for the Prosecution of such as are accountable 
for Prize Goods," all such as are accountable to the Grown for 
prizes, ships, goods, &c,, received by them and still in arrear. Sir 
Walter Walker, who was formerly appointed thereunto, ha\'ing 
since died. [Home Office, Warrant Book 1, p. 74.1 

July 21. Order in Council approving of a draft proclamation by the 

^^P**"* Attorney-General for the better collecting the revenue from Fire 

Hearths and Stoves, and ordering that the same be forthwith pre- 

fared for his Majesty's signature and be printed and published. 
S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 60.] Annexed, 

The said draft. Declaring ttiat the King expects the Farmers 
and Commissioners faithJuUy to collect the said duty and not 
suffer it to be lessened by forbearing to levy it, and strictly 
requiring ali subjects to observe the laws made for establishing 
and colkcting the said duty and to pay the same where by the 
laws it ought to be paid, and not to affront or molest the 
officers by any violent or unlaufid means on. pain of being 
punished u'ith the utJHost severity of the law. {This prwlama- 
tion it not in the collection of printed proclawations.) [Ibid. 
A'o. 60i.] 

July 21. The Earl of Arlington to [Williamson], I thank yon for yours 
Euston Hall. qI yesterday, and beg your pardon that I did not more solemnly 
take my leave of jon the day I left London. The country is as 
much to my content as I could wish, but it has been rendered more 
comfortable by the news I received this evening of the Duke of 
Grafton. The extracts of the advices are a great satis^tion, 
therefore I pray let them be continued, and for the intervals let the 
little boy be sent with Babington. [Ibid. No. 61.] 



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CHARLES II. 228 

1675. 
July 21. Hugh Hodges to [WOliamson], I beg your pardon lor the 
^ D^^™°' *'''™t>le of these lines, being not so well-known to you as I could 
wish, though you may have some remembrance of me, whilst I was 
a member of Queen's College, where I was a pupil of Dr. Lamp* 
lugh. Being last week at the assizes I was informed by the judges 
of our Western Circuit, Lord Chief Justice North, and Baron Bertie, 
that a Mr. Parkins, a collector of the hearth-money in these 
parts, had made an affidavit before them of an abuse that I 
should offer him, in giving him a box on the ear, and of 
some other things that I should do, relating to the hindrance 
of that part of the revenue, and that they believed he intended 
to lodge a complaint against me at the Council Board. On 
examination they found that the injury was done me by Mr. Parkins, 
and on the account they received of me from Lord Digby, Col. 
Strangewayes and several other gentlemen of our county they find 
me quite another person than Mr. Parkins represented me, and 
they have promised me on their return from circuit to give the 
Lord Treasurer a true acoonnt of this matter. The truth of the 
case is this. I, having been informed that he had spoken very 
basely, unbeseemingly, and indeed very scandalously of me, much 
reflecting on me as a Justice, I civilly sent for him, intending only 
to have given him a kind admonition tor it. But, when he came 
before me, he carried himself in such manner, that I told him such 
language and behaviour deserved sureties for his better behaviour. 
On which he claps on his hat, and cocks it, and requires me to 
walk out of the room and fight bim at the sword's end. I then 
pulled off bis hat and required sureties for his good behaviour, and 
told him I would give him till next morning to procure them 
(it being then 9 at night) and committed him to the custody 
of the constables. Next morning he came to me again, and on 
his submission and begging excuse for his ill carriage, affirming 
what he did was in his liquor, I discharged him, and he thanked 
me for my kindness. Of the truth of this I have no less than four 
witnesses who were present all the time he was with me. , Had it 
not been out of the respect I had to the collection of the hearth- 
money, I should not have bo easily passed it by, for, as they are to 
be encouraged in their service, so it will not be taken amiss, if they 
are cheeked when they are insolent. My humble request is that, 
if complaint be made against me, you will be a means that I may 
not be put to the charge and trouble of a pursuivant, for I will 
appear at the least notice, and do me what lawful kindness you 
can, in case they trouble me. The judges on their return will give 
a true report to the Lord Treasurer, and my friend, Col. 
Strangewayes, had likewise written to him, had he not fallen 
suddenly ill last Sunday afternoon in some apoplectic fits, 
whereof he died yesterday afternoon, to whom my readiness to 
serve his Majesty, even in my encouragement of his ofGcers of 
Excise and Hearth-money as well as in all things else, was well 
known. If you command Mr. Brydall to give me a line of the 
receipt of this, he will readily do it. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 872, 
No. 62.] 

July 21. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
fo^BT. departure of the packet-boats and mails, [/did. No. 63.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
July 21. 

WajrmoDtli. 



Jul; 21. 

Weymoath. 



Nathaniel Oebome to WilHamBon. W« hod news this morning ot 
the death of Col. Giles Straiigewayes, lately made one of the Privy 
Council, who died last night at his house at Melbury, and, as we 
hear, suddenly. We have no other news but of small plunderings 
made by a Biscayer on a vessel come hither vesterday from France 
IS.P. Dom., Car. II. S72, No. 64.] 

Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. Since I wrote of Col. Strange- 
wayee' death the Hope of this place came home. The master says 
be came from St. Martin's Road, Tuesday sennight, where he left 
the Portu mouth frigate bound for Lisbon with a French lady or 
duchess, who was to come to Rochelle from Paris. Last Friday to 
the southward of the Fountain Head he met with the French Rear- 
Admiral and five men-of-war with several convoys. Saturday in 
Conquet Road he met with the Deptfoid ketch, which had carried 
home the Duchess of Portsmouth's father and mother, bound for the 
Downs. He heard of no disturbances at Rochelle or thereabouts. 
[Ibid. No. 65.] 

The King to Sir Harbottle Grimston, Master of the Rolls. 
Directing him on the first vacancy of any of the six clerks' places, 
after William or Anthony Hammond or their nominee be received 
and admitted into the vacancy of any of the said places according 
to his letter of 20 Oct. last (calendared in the last volume, p. 380), 
to admit and receive into the said employment Thomas Tufton, or 
such other fit person as he, his executors, administrators, or assigns 
shall nominate. {S.P. Dom., Entnj Book 42, p. 16.1 

Creation of the King's natural son, Charles Lenox, to be Baron of 
Seathrington, Earl of March and Duke of Richmond, co. York, with 
a further grant of the Castle of Richmond in the said county, with 
the fee of 20i. pn- annum for the support of the dignity of an Earl 
and of 40/. for that of the dignity of a Duke. Minute. [Home 
Office, Warrant Book I, p. 76.] 

The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland. 
As recommended in their letter of the 10th instant to the Duke of 
Lauderdale, authorizing them to grant to the tacksmen of the 
• Customs a defalcation of 7,0002. sterling for the first two years, and 

to take the said tack off their hands for the remaining three years, 
that, before their parting, the customs and excise may be again 
put to roup or settled in a commission for collection as they think 
best, and authorizing them to pay what levy money they think 
reasonable to the captains of the ten companies levyed last year 
in Scotland. And, whereas the 5002. sterhng lately advanced by 
them for buildings and repairs in and about Holyrood House is all 
exhausted, and there is a necessity for continuing the work before 
the winter comes on to advance 1,000/. more, approving of their 
former advance and authorizing them to advance the 1,000/. sterling 
as proposed. [S.P. Scotlaml, If'airant Book 3, p. 296.] 

July 21. The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. Warrant for readmit- 

l^op^ ting William Carstaires, late lieutenant to the Laird of Touche'a 

company, who had been cashiered on account of a riot, to his 



July 21. 

HsmptOD 
CoQrt. 



July 21. 
Hampton 
Court. 



July 21. 
HsmptoD 
Court. 



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CHARLES II. 



July 21. 

Court. 



July 21. 



July 21. 
Htinpton 



July 21, 

Court. 



July i 



July 22. 



former employment, upon his submission, bis acknowledgement of 
bis offence, and bis promise not to be guilty of the like crime 
tbereafter. [S.P. Scotlaml, Warrant Book 3, p. 297.] 

Warrant for a charter to Sir Patrick Ogilvy of Boyne, his heirs 
male and assigns whatsoever, of the lands of Ardinboth, Portsoy and 
others in the parochine of Fordyce and barony of Boyne, Banffshire, 
on the resignation of James, Earl of Findlater, with a nm-odaiima 
and a change of the holding from simple ward to taxt ward. 
iDocqvet. IbitJ. p. 298.] 

Warrant for a charter to William Joase of Cnllynort, his heirs 
and assigns whatsoever, of the town and lands of Easter and Wester 
CuUynnorts and other lands in the parochine and sheriffdom of 
Banff on the resignation of James, Earl of Findlater, with a 
noroilamua and an erection of the said lands into the barony of 
CuUymoard and with a change of tbe holding from simple ward to 
taxt ward. [Dncqiiet. Ibid. p. 299.] 

Warrant for a gift to William Steward, one of tbe lifeguard 
of borse, his heirs and assigns whatsoever, of the lands of 
Bardrochwood and other lands in tbe parochine of MonygofE and 
Stewardry of Kirkcudhright, which before pertained to Col. William 
Steward, deceased, or to his daughter and heir of line, Elizabeth 
Steward, deceased, and now pertain to his Majesty by reason of 
recognition. [Docqiut. Ibid. p. 300.] 

Memorials of protection in tbe ordinary form to William Gray of 
Haystowne and to his sons William, Michael, and George, and to 
Gideon Wilson, periwig maker in Edinburgh, for two years 
respectively. [Ibul pp. 301, 302.] 

The Countess of Northumberland to Williamson. Understanding 
by Mr. Thomell that he has delivered bis Majesty's command 
obtained by your favour to Sir R. Carr in my concern, to which he 
promised to give me answer last Monday, but failed to do so, I now 
desire your assistance in procuring his speedy dispatch, because tbe 
Lord Treasurer will otherwise be gone to the Bath before any end 
can be put to this business. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 66.] 

Sir William Temple to [Williamson]. I have just received your 
letter commanding my attendance once more upon his Majesty, 
which I shall not fail of, God willing, this evening. At my return 
from Windsor I shall attend your further commands at London. 
[Ibid. No. 67.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. Last Tuesday evening arrived one 
of our packet-boats, bringing many passengers but little news. I 
saw a letter from Holland giving an account of the rudeness of the 
Hollanders' army in Spanish territories, and of their want of 
necessaries. The hoors shun their camp, fly and quit their own 
houses, leaving them destitute of provisions ; on the other side the 
soldiers plunder all they can lay hands on, and the very ornaments 
oE tbe churches which they pawn to their sutlers. They have 
received hut 40 Ktirem a man since they first marched into tbe field. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Then they were accounted about 45,000, horse and foot, but are 
considerably diminished since by sickness and want. The Spaniards 
are much disgusted at their outrages, &e. Wind westerly. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 37ii, No. 68.] 

July 22. James Welsh to Williamson. Sending an account of the service 
%"- of the shallop under the Master's hand, and leaving to hia 
consideration what he thinks fit to allow, which, if he does as 
formerly, it comes to 6t. \^lbid. No. 69.] 



July 22. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind S.W. No news. 
Fartimouth. fff,^ TO.^ 



[Ibid. 



July 22. 

Falmouth. 



Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 19th came in here the 
Sampion of London in 8 weeks from Barbados, hound for Holland. 
They came out with but one ship more, bound tor Bristol. After 
they came into the Soundings they were chased by a man-of-war of 
about 20 guns, which came so near that they made their colours to 
be Turks, but, they having in their company two more ships that 
came from Bordeaux of some force, they did not adventure upon 
them, though they made as if they would, but they still dogged 
them till they came within Scilly. They left but few ships at 
Barbados and much goods, which makes freight very dear. 

The 21st came in here the Elizabeth of this port from Port Louis, 
which says, after she put out of this harbour about 16 days past for 
Bochelle, they met the five Flushing men-of-war, which forced 
them to take on board 100 men they had taken out of the man-of- 
war they had taken and the timber ship to which she was convoy. 
After the Frenchmen were on board, instead of going to Bochelle, 
they forced them to carry them to Port Louis, and so the vessel 
was forced to take in salt in a small place near it. They say that 
the Governor of Brittany is in that town, where be fled for security, 
for fear of the mutineers, which, they say, are reported there to be 
above 40,000, but not in one body, but they are ready armed on all 
occasions. They tell the country gentlemen that they suppose 
they have had no hand in the gabelle, that, if they will stay in their 
houses with their families they will do them no hurt, but, if they 
offerto go into any garrison town, they will destroy them and their 
families and burn their houses. They do not lay the blame on the 
King for breaking their privileges, but lay it on the nobility and 
gentry of their country, which makes them so severe against them. 
They say they are willing to give the King a supply, but they will 
not be brought under slavery as the Normans are, to be compelled 
to it by breach of their ancient custom to be free of all taxes. 
They that appear to be their heads are in vizards. They heard 
that the Dutchmen bad taken another French man-of-war of 16 
guns. [Ibid. No. 71.] 



Giving the same news as the 



Thomas Holden to James Hickes. 
last. [Ibid. No. 72.] 

The King to [the Master and Fellows of] Christ's College, 
Cambridge. Requiring them to comply with a letter sent two years 
ago for Thomas Montagu, nearly related to Robert, Earl of Man- 
chester, to have their next vacant fellowship, although it proves to 



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be Dr. Carr's fetlowship, for which he unwittingly granted letters on 
the 14th iDstant in favour of ThomaB Lynford, M.A. [S.P. Doin., 
Entry Book 27, /. 184.] 

July 22. Caveat on behalf of Mr. Oudart that nothing pass concerning the 
grant of Seawood forest, Lancashire. [S-P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 
p. 13.] 

July 22. The King to the Lords Justices of Ireland. AVarrant, after reciting 
Windsor. that William Prigg and Samuel Hale have represented that they are 
seiaed in fee of part of the town of New Stapleton, alias Skibbereen, 
and of lands thereto adjoining, and have besought a grant of two 
markets weekly and two fairs yearly on the feasts of St. Peter 
and St. Andrew, for issuing a writ of Ad quod damnum, and, if on 
return of the inquisition taken by virtue thereof it shall appear 
that such a grant will not he any damage to the Crown or to others 
or to the neighbouring fairs or markets, for a grant of the fairs and 
markets desired. {S.P. Dom., Signet Office, Vol. 9,p. 882.] 



July 23. 



Daniel Fleming to WilliamBon. You are so kind to me that 
many take notice of it, which, as it is much for my honour, ao it is 
for your trouble. The bearer, Lady Groslaud, has a petition to 
his Majesty, and since the death of Sir Jordan, her late husband, 
her friends are grown so few that she is forced to make her applica- 
tions to me. What her desires are I know not, but, she being my 
near kinswoman, I make bold to desire your favour in her behalf. 
In acting for widows and also widowers, I doubt not you'll engage 
heaven to be on your side, which to effect ia, I think, no ill policy for 
courtiers as well as countrymen. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 872, No. 73.] 

July 28. Kichard Potts to Williamson. No news. Wind easterly. [Ibid, 
StMktoD. iVo. 74.] 

July 28. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Pljinouth. [/dij. ^r^^ 75,] Enclosed, 

The taid list. [Ibid. No. 75 1.] 

July 23, Warrant to Lord Chief Justice North and Vere Bertie, Justices of 
Windsor. Assize for the Western Circuit, to forbear to give sentence against 
Alice, wife of James Rew, of Ashbrittle, Somerset, in case she be 
found guilty as accessory to a theft, she having been already 
acquitted of a similar charge. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 28, 
f. 188.] 

Report by the Lord Treasurer on the petition of Sir John 
Bobinson, Lieutenantof the Tower, which set forth that 8,719i. lGs.9d. 
was due to him in the Exchequer registered to be paid in course 
on the money arising by the sale of fee-farm rents with interest at 
the i&ie oi 61. per cent. 2>er annum, which he prayed to be satisfied 
by being admitted to the purchase of bo many of such rents as might 
amount to his debt, that by a report dated 10 Oct. last by Mr. 
Auditor Philips be finds the said principal and interest to the 9th of 
that month amount to 4,451^. Ids. Id., that the same debt being of 
the same nature with the general debt, the payment of which has by 
his Majesty's directions been postponed, before the writer had the 
honour to serve in his present station, and considering the present 



July 23. 

Wsllingford 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



coDdition of the revenue and the great diffieoItteB aff&irs lie under, 
in so much that it is not to be hoped that anything can be drawn 
from the treasure beyond the present application of it to the current 
expense, he cannot think this a season to consider the payment of 
any of those debts, till the revenue be in n better posture for it, and 
further acquainting his Majesty that there is since grown due to 
the said Sir John on nine quarterly bills till last midsummer 
8,655^ 18«. 2d., for the satisfaction whereof or of such part thereof as 
his Majesty shall think fit, on the signification of his Majesty's 
pleasure the writer will uBe bis endeavpurs in the best manner the 
state of the revenue will admit of, either by the purchase of fee- 
farm rents or such other way as may best suit with the conveni- 
ency of the service. [^S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, j). 41.] At the 
end, 

On the abore report, rccoininendation back to the Lord Treasurer 
to consider of some fit way for the satisfaction of the latter 
part of the debt as there stated. 9 Aiig. Windsor. [Ibid, 
p. 43.] 

July 23. Notes in Williamson's hand about Ireland. As to Nominees. 
The Lord Lieutenant proposes: — 1. A true estimate to be made of 
all the lands set them out in any country by the Act and the values 
respectively. 2. Of what every man now in fact has, that is, the 
value of it, that it may be known what anyone has since, and either 
have it taken from them or own it as the King's gift, and secondly, 
that those that are defective may be made up. 

N.B. They all press to have those very lands set out to them by 
the Act. The difficulty of which is, that several Adventurers are 
decreed into Nominees' lands, and, though it be decreed with a 
reserve of the Nominees' right, yet that was to be evicted within a 
certain time, which now being elapsed, query, if by a trial at law 
the Nominees can evict the Adventurers, so as to leave the Adven- 
turers to reprizals. Lord Keeper's opinion :— 1. That the decrees 
to Adventurers are indeed conditional, but that condition was but 
for that time while reprizals could be executed by the Commission 
directed by the Act. That time being now expired, those decrees 
are absolutely irrevocable. 2. That of all that remains in the 
King's hands to the uses of the Act, it is enough that the King 
disposes them to any one satisfiable by the Acts, though not just 
tliat very one and in that order directed by the Act. Who shall 
question the King ? 

As to the Nominees. 1. All accounted that all have, 42,000 acres 
will be wanting in the whole, reckoning that each is to have what 
he bad if less than 2,000 acres, and none to have more than 2,000. 
2. They insist to have in specie the very houses and lands set 
out to them. As to this says the Lord Lieutenant, try a cause 
in the King's Bench against an Adventurer possessed of such 
lands, &c. 

Some of the Nominees have more than the Act allots them, and 
yet possibly have not the very houses and lands assigned them by 
the Act. 

42,000 acres are deficient, &c. 44,000 acres are possessed hy 
several particular persons more than their proportions. [S.l', 
Ireland, Car. II. 335, ^'o. 174.] 



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1676. 
July 24. 

July il. 



July 26. 



July 25. 
Paitwuoiitb. 



James Welsh to WilliamBon. Informing him that he had 
ordered the bearer, John Buries, to wait on him to receive such 
moneys as he should allow to the seamen. [S-P. Dom., Car. II. 
372, No. 76.] 

Warrant for restitution of the temporalities of the bishopric ol 
Lincoln to Thomas, the present Bishop. \S.I'. Dom., Entry Book 
27,/. 74.] 

Warrant for making an instalment to Thomas, Bishop of Lincoln, 
of his first fruits, to be paid in 4 years by four equal portions. 

llbUl. f. 75.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. Between 1 and 2 this afternoon 
arrived from East India the lioijal Marhant, Lancaster and VhiniU. 
No boat has vet come from them. A topsail gale at S.W. [H.V. 
Dom., Car. it 372, No. 77.] 

Morgan Lodge to Williamson. These two or three days the wind 
has been at W. and S.W, and blew very hard, which has brought in 
about 20 or 30 merchantmen. Some are gone up the river and others 
going over for the other side. Last night came in a gentleman 
from France, who affirms that Marshal de Turenne with another 
great person of quality was accidentally killed by a great shot from 
the Imperialist camp, as they were viewing it, and that Marshal de 
Crequi is made general in his room, and M. de Bellefond in the 
room of de Crequi, llbid. No. 78.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N,W. The lii-serre of 
London from AJepo (?Alesio) with oils stopped here, and the com- 
mander told me that the French with about 100 sail of all sorts of 
shipping were at Messina, and had supplied the place with all 
necessary provisions, which he saw. They met with five Argereenea 
that had surprised a Dutch East India ship of about 7 or 800 tons, 
homeward bound. Two of the men-of-war stood their course for 
Argeere, the rest came up with the Keserre, by which the captain 
came to the knowledge of tliat action, and it seems that two French 
men-of-war off the Western Isles had for some time engaged the 
Dutch West India ship, and could do no good on her, and they, 
meeting the said Argereenes, acquainted them with that ship and 
the course they steered.' This happened about 3 weeks past, tlbid. 
No. 79.] 

Sir Christopher Musgrave to Williamson. I came here on 
Saturday from Worcestershire, where you were daily remembered 
by Col, Sandys, Sir Francis Eussell and several other gentlemen. 
Yesterday I sent to Windsor to present my duty to you, but heard 
you had not been there for a fortnight, which gives me appre- 
hensions you are indisposed. Sir Richard presents you with bis 
humble service, I shall continue with him till Thursday unless 
you order the contrary. I perceive my father has lately troubled 
you with a letter and is desirous I should be in the country. 
[iim/. No. 80.] 



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1675. 

Jnlj 26. 
SouthnmptoD . 



July 26. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Robert Bichbell to Williamson. Recommending his Iriend, 
Mr. Adam de Cardonnel, vho is going to wait on him with his 
Bon, on whose behalf he had formerly Bome discourse with bis 
Honour. [S.P. Dom., Car. 11. 372, No. 81.] 

Edward Bodham to Williamson. On Saturday arrived here a 
ship of this town in 10 days from Norway. He tells us of a fleet 
of 300 Hollanders inider good convoy arrived in several ports in 
that country. Last Friday he met off Humber a Spanish man-of- 
war of 36 guns, which liad retaken from a Frenchman a Hollander 
of 300 tonw, that was light bound for Norway. The Spanish 
man-of-war, notwithstanding our ship came up and struck, shot at 
him and caused to pay 6s. BU., but otherwise used him very civilly. 
To-day are arrived about 10 ships from Norway, two English, the 
rest Danes. They met on the coast of Norway several French 

frivateers awaiting the coming out jsf the Hollanders from thence. 
Ibid. No. 82.] 

Richard Watts to WilUamson. The 19th I acquainted you that I 
received that day the packet for Sir Jonathan Atkins dated 8 June. 
Not having had a command to return it, I delivered it to-day to 
Captain Terry of London, bound to Barbados. There are about 
40 or 60 outward-bound ships in the Downs, most of them to the 
Straits. 

Last night's list gave you a better account of the three East 
Indiamen than I could, for my letter was wrote two leagues before 
they came to anchor. Last night it blew very hard from N.W., but 
now little wind at N.W. [Ibid. No. 83.] 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. No pilchards have been taken ou 
this coast this year, but a vessel from Ireland met with great 

quantities of tbem on that coast. [Ibid. No. 84.] 

Francis Bellott to Williamson. Shipping news. Those from 
France give us no account of affairs there but that the King is 
returned to Paris, and that Rochelle was drawing out forces to 
prevent, if they could, further tumults and outrages in Brittany. 
[Ibid. No. 85.J 

The King to [the Dean and Chapter of Wiuchesterl. Dr. George 
Beaumont, prebendary residentiary, has begged a dispensation, on 
account of his great age and infirmities, from his residence and 
ecclesiastical duties, which is granted accordingly ; and also 
permission to remove to a milder air, as that where he now lives is, 
through its sharpness, prejudicial to his health. He is still to be 
allowed the whole benefits of his prebend, provided he causes his 
course of preaching to be sufficiently supplied. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 2.7,/. l^} 

Grant to the Corporals of the Yeomen of the Guard for the time 
being of the same fees of honour and homage on all degrees, titles, 
honours, dignities and homages as were formerly granted by 
letters patent to the gentlemen ushers daily waiters amongst 
other of the King's servants. Minute. [Hoine Office, IVarrant 
Book 1, p. 77-] 



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1676. 

July 26. Froclamatioii b; the Lords JusticeB and Council. Directing that 

'rh *"'* ^^^ laws made for keeping the coins of the realm within the same be 
DdM^' ^"'y observed, and that no person convey out of the realm any 
moneys whatever current within it nor any plate, bullion, gold or 
silver, without the licence of the Lords Justices and Council, 
except 60 much as shall be necessary for his roasonable expenses, and 
charging the searchers and other officers to be vigilant in the 
execution of the said laws. [S.P. Ireland, Car. II. 309, p. 417.] 

July 27. Richard Potts to Williamson. The weather has been rainy the 
atockton. last 3 or 4 days. Wind southerly. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 86.] 

July 27. Silas Taylor to Williamson. One of our packet-boats arriving 
Hanrioh. to-day brought no news. The wind is westerly and the weather 
has been for several days stormy and rainy. [Ibid, No. 87.] 

July 27. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind S-W. The Cleveland 

Porttaootb. yacht with the Greyhound are appointed convoys to the two yachts 
built here by Sir Anthony Deane for the French King, and they 
will sail the first opportunity of wind and weather. [Ibid. No. 88,] 

July 27. A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Sending list of ships arrived. 

Plymouth, ^jud. No. 89.] Enclosed, 

The said lUt. [Ibid. No. 89i.] 

July 27. The Kin^ to the Fellowa of Queen's College, Cambridge. 
Wiudwr. Becommendmg Henry James, B.D., chaplain in ordinary to the 
King, and Fellow of that college, to be President of the college, 
void by the death of Dr. William Wells, and requiring them forthwith 
to call a meeting of the Fellows, and admit him. [S.P. Dom., 
Entry Book 21, f. 185.] 

July 27. Caveat that no grant pass of the Deanery of Rochester without 
acquainting Sir T. Chicheley, his Majesty having promised it when 
void to Dr. John Castilian. Cancelled. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 
46, p. 13.] 

July 27. Notes in Williamson's hand about Ireland. Quit-rents to be 
reduced in Kerry, &c. Reduced column, &c. — i.e. where lands were 
barren, there the real number of acres were passed and reckoned 
as fewer than they were, for example 10 acres shall pass and be 
reckoned but as 6 or 8, and the column in which these last sums 
were placed was called the Reduced Column, the other of the true 
number, the Extreme Column. 

The retrenchment of J'^ of Adventures &c. by the Act. N.B. — That 
the retrenchment was appoiuted not to be of Y^ of the value, but of 
the acres and lands themselves in specie, so as men chose to keep the 
g'"*' which were good, and left the J'^ out of the worst, &c., which 
drew great inconveniency with it. That is best, a great many 
possessors are able to pay their quit-rents, &c. 

BulesofBetrenchment. 1. Onlyofsuchandsuch baronies. 2. None 
at all of land worth \1d. per acre. 3. The reduced column to be 
taken in reckoning acres. 4. One-half to be taken per acre, &c. 

As to arrears of quit-rents. N.B. — Generally all over Ireland 
the lands pay one with another, J"' or ^"^ or between i"" and 
^^^ of the yearly value, taking all in a lump. 

Civil Survey, i.e. a survey and account at what rents all the 
lands were set in 1641. This was taken in the settlement of 
Ireland in order to the laying on. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



The Lord Lieutenant and Council having a power by the Act to 
moderate quit-rents have resolved in March, '66, to reduce quit- 
rents to a quarter of the value of the several lands according to the 
valuations they themselves had before them in the Exchequer upon 
record, which were made by certain commisBionerB being members 
of the Council in order to the year's value, &c. [S.P. Ireland, 
Car. II. 335, Xo. 176.] 

[July ?] John Boucket to the King. Petition for a reward for his services, 
having been employed by Lord Arlington ever since the beginning 
of the two last wars against the Dutch in Holland, to give constant 
weekly intelligence of their shipping, which he has done at great 
risk of bis life. [_S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 90.] Enclosed, 

Certijkate hy Jerome Xipho, that Botickel ua« employed hi/ Ijord 
Arlington as aforesaid, and that all the lime he iiasat Antwerp 
on the Kind's affairs, Bonckel wrote to him weekli/, firing 
notice of all that passed in Holland. — 28 Julif, 1675, London. 
lIbid.No.90i.'} 

July 28. Richard Watts to Williamson. This noon arrived the East India 
^**'- ship, the Ijoncaster, from the Coast. Not a topsail gale at S.W. 
[Ibid. No. 91.] 

July 28. John Beading to Williamson. Concerningthearrivalanddeparture 
Oo"*- of packet-boats and mails. [Ibid. No. 92.] 

July 26, Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. Since Col. Strangewayes' 
Wejmouth. cteath the only persons that at present stand to succeed him are 
Lord Digby and his brother-in-law, Sir Nathaniel Naper, and it is 
questioned whether the latter will not in the end desist, and be for my 
Lord, which time must evidence. Squire Freke, of Shroughton, and 
Bquire Browne, of Frampton, upon whom some men's eyes were 
on that account, declare against it, so does Squire Harvey, who acts 
for my Lord. II Mr. Moore of Haychurch would set up, it is 
supposed he would bid very fair for it, but there is not a word of 
his intention to meddle in it. We have no news from Brittany, but 
what Lyme affords us, which I doubt, not you have had communi- 
cated from thence. [Ibid. No. 93.] 

July 28. Anthony Thorold to Williamson. In these three days arrived 
Ljme. here the Judith, Samuel, and Sara of this place in a week from 
Croisic. The masters and others say, though quiet there, the 
disturbances still continue in that province and the seditious more 
numerous, 40,000 some say, a persou of quality amongst them of 
the house of Rohan. The Duo de Chaulnes, Governor of Brittany, 
is gone to the castle at Port Louis, the rebellious highly threatening 
his death, lookiug on him to be a great instrument of their new 
burthens and taxes. We are full of discourse of a battle, and 
Marshal Turenne overthrown. The Iluth airiving from Guernsey 
in two days says that island is well, but the Ostenders and 
Biseayers take much upon the French. The rising of the common 
people at Morlaix quietud by the Governor's promising them a 
grant of their demands. [Ibid. No. 94,] 



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July 28. 

Iluppton 
Court. 



July 28. 
llumpLim 
Court. 



CHARLES II. 288 

1676. 

July 28. Approbation of Sir Edward Neville of Grove, Notts,, to be a 
^S'u'rt" <**?"*? lieutenant of that county. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 44, p. 16.J 



On the petition of Lord Banelagh and partners praying abate- 
ments for several remittals and overpaymeats according to the 
contract made on their undertaking, reference thereof to the Lord 
Keeper, the Lord Treasurer and the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 40.] 

The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. We have received 
your letter of the 15th and seen another of the same date to the 
I)uke of Lauderdale, giving a full account of the course you have 
ordered to be taken in pursuance of our letter of 12 June, where- 
with we are very well pleased, not doubting you will take care that 
our commands and your orders thereupon be punctually obeyed. As 
the Act of Parliament against Conventicles passed 18 Aug., 167 [0] , 
and that against separation of the 20th of that month were 
passed only for three years, unless we thought fit to continue them, 
and as a subsequent Act of 4 Sept., 1673, continued the said Acts 
tor three years after the expiring of the first three, and as we find 
it necessary the said Acts should be further continued ay and while 
we declare our further pleasure thereanent, we authorize and require 
you to prorogate them for three years further and to issue a 
proclamation for that effect. And, that your good orders may be 
put in esecutiou, we authorize and require you to empower a 
Committee of the Council to meet frequently in time of vacancy 
aud to adjourn from time to time in order to take care that none of 
your orders be neglected. [S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 3, 
p. 302.] 

Memorials of protection in the ordinary form to David and John 
Somerwell for two years respectively. [Ihid. p. 304.] 

Charles, Lord Gerard of Brandon, to Williamson. Not long since 
a murder was committed on Henry Farmer of Knucking (Knoekin), 
Salop, by David Owens on an arrest made by him, who is since 
lied, and the jury on an indictment have found the hill, so his 
estate in lands of the value of 10/. j>er annum is forfeited to his 
Majesty. My earnest request is that you will present the enclosed 
petition to his Majesty on behalf of the hearer Edward Owens, my 
servaut, uncle to the person in question and nest heir to his estate. 

With note by William Chiffinch that he showed the King this 
letter, and that he bade him let Williamson know he grants this 
petition. [S.P. Dom., Car. IL 372, A'o. 95.] 



July 28. 
Humptoii 
Court. 



July 29. 

CnatJetoim. 
lile of Mnn. 



Account by the officers spiritual and temporal of the isle, having 
convened themselves by the direction of Dr. Isaac Barrow, late 
Bishop of the Isle and now of St. Asaph's, to proportion the 100(. 
per annum, being a denary from his Majesty on the zealous solicita- 
tions of his Lordship and others for the advance of the small means 
of the clergy of the Isle and the schools. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEBS. 



£ 

The sum granted is 100 

There is allotted to sis petty schools in the 
most convenient places in the isle accord- 
ing to the Bishop's direction - - • 18 







So remains • - - 82 

Which is the sum distributed among the clergy of the 14 cures in 
the isle, the other three, viz., the archdeaconry and two parsonages 
having already each a competence, and the said 14 to be now of 
one and the like equal proportion, after consideration of the value of 
their ancient rates to the nearest computation we could inform 
ourselves of. (Then follows a schedule giving the names of the 
14 parishes, the ancient valuations and the augmentationa of each, 
raising each to the value of 171. apiece.) 

With a note showing that the rectory of Kirk Malew is computed 
to be a far greater sum than the 111. set down, during the life of the 
present incumbent, and giving the reasons thereof. The names of 
the six schools allowed sT. apiece are the petty schools at Castletown, 
Douglas, Bamsey, Kirk Andrew, Kirk Bryde and Ballaugh. Signed 
by seven persons. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 872, No. 96.] 

July 29. T. Aslaby to Williamson. Yesterday and to-day above 300 laden 

BridijngtoD. ships are passed by to the southward from Newcastle and 

Sunderland, many of them great vessels. I have nothing more to 

intimate but what is no news, the frequent meeting of conventiclers. 

ilbid. No. 97.] 

July 2i>, Bichard Bower to Williamson. The winds having for some time 
Yarmoatb. continued southerly, it's believed that the shipping belonging to the 
coal trade are, very few excepted, at Newcastle and Sunderland, 
which are now coming up, about 200 of them being already past 
this road and come into this haven. Our Nonconformists now 
meet in public and in as great numbers as when they were 
indulged, and it is asserted by some that his Majesty intends his 
Protestant subjects should not herein be disturbed. {Ibid. No. 98.] 

July 29. Silas Taylor to Williamson. I have no news, the packet-boat 
Harwich, which leaves the Brill on Wednesdays not yet arriving. The letter 
from your office I expected here last night is again miscarried. 
llbid. No. 99.] 

July 29. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Yesterday sailed hence the two 
PorUiaoaUt. uew yachts built by Sir A. Deane. They had for convoy to New- 
haven (Havre) the GreyJioujid and the Cleceland yacht. {Ibid. 
No. 100.] 

July 29. Secretary Coventry to the Mayor of Bristol. One Domingo de 
Wind»or. VerdiolcB, a Spaniard, master of the Stars of Spain, has presented a 
petition to her {sic] Majesty complaining that being bound for Ireland 
and forced by ill weather to put into Bristol he is debarred from 
Belhng his commodity, which being perishable is like to turn to his 
great loss. His Majesty therefore desires you to inquire, and, if he 
has done nothing contrary to law, and there be no just ground for 
denying him the liberty of putting off his goods, that you take care 



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CHARLES II. 235 

1675. 

he be not causelessly dieturbed, but may be admitted to trade as 
otber Spanish subjects may do, but, if there appear anything to the 
contrary you are to give me an account thereof. {^Precedents 1, 
f. 89.] 

July 29. Notes in Williamson's hand about Ireland. Quit-rents — Lord 
Dillon's case. N.E. His quit-renta were reduced by the Exchequer 
from l,500i. pey annum to about 70(M., &c. Lord Dillon is in 
poBseseion of lands by decree of the Court of Claims. But Lord Dillon 
is Buspected to enjoy several landa more than were his in 1641. 

N.E, It has bapiMsned that several persona have been decreed 
by the Court of Claims to lands that are thereby adjudged to 
have been theirs in 1641, which indeed afterwards on trtaln in 
the Exchequer are judged not to have been theirs in 1641. Since, 
notwithstanding (?) of such judgment in the Exchequer, it has 
happened the said persona begged off the quit-rents of whatever 
estatea they were decreed to, so as some of those lands coming to 
be evicted, some persons were found to have the quit-rents of landa 
even out of their possession; as Lord Dillon and several others. 

N.B. The Lord Lieutenant and Conncil's valuation is not an 
exact valuation. It waa in order to the reprisal of [)er8onB, quality 
for quality and value for value, and not in order to the true (?) and 
half the value. The first valuation was general all over England 
(sic) and very gross (?) and uncertain. The second was but of 
certain lands, i.e. according to their value in 1659 in order to the 
quit-rents, which were to begin in 1660. These supposed exact, at 
least high enough, but whatever it fell short of 3(X),(XKW., thedefect 
was to be supplied by a tax on the whole kingdom. By the second 
valuation 147(. per annum paid but HI. and yet 20,000 acres paid 
but 40s., Ac, so unequal is that survey. 

A plowlaud commonly 1,500 or 2,0(H) acres. Unprofitable or 
barren taken so as to be reduced in the quit-rents and set down to be 
by the Council and Lord Lieutenant, &c., to be such as by the Civil 
Survey were not worth four times the value of the quit-rents, &c. 

N.B, The quit-rents were valued by the farmers at 63,000i., but 
is entered in the summing up 75,000/. 

The case of quit-rents is, 1. To moderate and reduce them for the 
future, 2. To proceed as to the arrears, 1 , The two years before 
the present farm, which are Lord Banelagh's by his grant. 2. The 
arrears accrued during the present farm, which is of 7 years and 
accrues to the farmers. 

Lord Clare's quit-rents are now 8 or 9001. per annum and in arrear 
for 9 or 10 yeai's, &c. He would be glad t« submit to 4001., if he 
could get it moderated to that, 

30 July. — The Farmers called in as to their arrears of quit-renta. 

1. Those upon which any respites were made by the King's order. 

2. The rest on which no respite was made, 

N.B. 1, The Farmers have a covenant to detain at the end of 
their farm whatever sums by them pretended to have been 
advanced &c. ; 2, a power to levy all their arrears without saying 
for how long the power is to be left in their hands, qiind nota, 
whereas Lord Ranelagh has but two years in bis covenants. 

Clancarty, Dillon, Ac, persons in arrear to the farmers. [S.P, 
Ireland, Car. 11. 335, No. 176.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
July 30. 



.lulj 30. 

PI]'iuoulb. 



.luly 30. 
W>DdBjr 



July 31. 

W indror 



Lord li&ttou to WilliaoiEion. BeconimeDding the son of Mr. de 
Cardonnel of Southampton with whom he has been long acquainted 
and whose father he has known for many years. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 372, So. 101.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Hid. AVj. 102.] Kndosed, 

The said list. [Ibitl. Nu. 102 1.] 

Game warrant to Philip, Earl of Pemhroke and Montgomery, to 
preserve the game ^vithin 10 miles of Wilton. Minute. IHome 
Offia; iVanant Book l,p. 77.] 

Secretary Coventry to S. Pepys. I enclose a clause in a letter of 
Mr. Parry's, that, I think, concerns our navigation much, desiring 
you to present it to the Lords of the Admiralty, and that they will 
certify his Majesty what they think should be done in order to 
Justify the captain, whose name I know not, but, if his commission 
he for that ship, you will easily find it out. He ia to blame, if being 
hut a merchantman, he pretends a commission, (which, if any, I 
conceive, must be some old one), and, if a man-of-war, he is not 
much less faulty to own lading merchants' goods so publicly. I 
intend to be in London the beginning of next week. In the mean- 
time neglect no time in knowing the Lords' resolution upon it. 
[Precedenu 1,/. 90.] 

Secretary Coventry to Stephen Lynch, consul at Ostend. Being 
informed by the consul at Ostend that there are several weavers 
and other handicraftsmen desirous of transporting themselves to 
England, his Majesty desires you to give orders to the masters of 
the packet-boats to give passage to such of them as shall bring 
passes from Mr. Lynch or bis Majesty's minister at Brussels, and 
are desirous to come and inhabit here in England. [Ibtd.^ 

Warrant for a grant of the oEBce of King's Counsel to Serjeant 
Pemberton. [Ibid. f. 91.] 

Warrant for a grant of the office of Clerk of the Court of Common 
Pleas at Port Boyal, Jamaica, to Ilarbottle Wiugfield for his life. 

ilbid.] 

Anthony Isaacson to James Hickes. I cannot tell how the market 
may encourage colliers, but we have cleared this month for the 
coast above 800 sail. About !jOO went out this week, more had 
gone, hut it blows extreme hard to-day, wind W. [S.l'. Dom., Car. II. 
372, No. 103.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson, The packet-boat which should have 
left the Brill last Wednesday is not yet arrived, the wind being 
mostly westerly, and at present blowing a mere fret. The news- 
letter from your office miscarried again last night. \_Ibid. No. 104.] 

His Majesty's instructions to the Archbishop of St. Andrews to 
Ih: communicated to the Archbishop of Glasgow and the rest of the 



1. You arc to signify iifter your return our satisfaction with your 
account of their diligence in observing our laws anent the Chmrch and 



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particularly with their procedure at their last meeting at St. 
Andrews in July, 1674, and you are to assure them of our royal 
countenance, protection and enconragement in the discbarge of 
their offices, and that we shall heartily recommend them to the 
special care of all our ministers of state for that effect, as they 
tender the interest of religion, the peace of the Church and 
kingdom and the eBtablishment of our Government. 

2. You are also to signify to them that we are well satisfied 
with the rules and constitutions for discipline signed by them at that 
meeting and presented by you to us, and you shall recommend 
them to take care to have these rules consented to by their 
presbyters in their diocesan synods or otherwise, as you and the 
Archbishop of Glasgow with the advice of the other bishops shall 
judge most convenient, that you may thereafter offer them to us, 
that our royal assent and authority may l)e interposed for their 
being observed in our Church of Scotland. 

3. You are to use your utmost endeavours for suppressing Poperj- 
and Separation and to recommend to the bishops that in their 
visitations they tak« particular notice of Papists and Separatists, 
that they may be proceeded against as the laws provide, and 
specially they are to notice those, who without lawful authority 
presume to keep meetings of ministers or to ordain any to the 
ministry or to take trial of expectants or licence any to preach, that 
they be proceeded against to the highest censures of the Church, 
as we have ordered the Privy Council to punish and censure all 
such ns thus violate order, and endeavour to propagate schism. 

4. Yon are also efFectually to recommend to the bishops to take 
special care that none be permitted to teach in schools or colleges, 
or to be chaplains in families or tutors or governors to the children 
of noblemen or gentlemen, bnt such as they shall find cause to 
be licentiate according to the Acts of Parliament and Council 
thereanent provided. 

5. You are to intimate our pleasure that the bishops keep their 
residence within their respective dioceses, excepting such as you 
and the Archbishop of Glasgow respectively shall dispense with, to 
be employed in our service or the public affairs of the Church, the 
names of the non-residenb bishops to be delivered to us by the 
Archbishop of the province that we may signify our pleasure 
concerning the same, and we authorize the Archbishop of Glasgow 
to dispense with the Bishop of Argyle's residence in that diocese, he 
always being obliged to perform the duties of his episcopal office 
therein, and to allow him to continue in the office of parson of 
Glasgow, as he did before he was promoted to the bishopric, for 
which he is also warranted to receive the emoluments belonging to 
the said parsonage till further order. 

6. They are to take order for maintaining the poor of each parish 
according to the laws and former practice, and for that end they are 
carefully to call for the mortifications and dotations made to 
hospitals or for other pious uses for the reUet of the poor in their 
diocese, and see they be not embezzled but employed according to 
the intentions of the benefactors and the foundations of the 
hospitals and are to represent what they find amiss to us by the 
Archbishop of the province. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



7. Whereas Archibald Taraer, John Robertson, Andrew Cant, late 
minister in Edinburgh, and John Hamilton, late minister in Lei th, are 
removed from their ministry for their midutiful demeanour towards 
their bishop and their mutinous and insolent petitioning for a 
National Synod, and have made several appUcations to be restored, 
declaring their unfeigned grief for their offence, we remit them to you 
and the Archbishop of Glasgow and the Bishop of Edinburgh that, on 
their repentance and acknowledgement of their offence and engage- 
ment for their future dutiful beliaviour signified by you to us, they 
may be employed and settled in the esercise of the ministry where 
you shall find convenient, and that you require the other bishops 
carefully to notice and condignly to censure all presbyters who 
behave contemptuously or undutifully to their ordinaries, and who 
shall either in their sermons or prayers or other discourses reflect 
on our laws and public proceedings, or shall in Church meetings or 
elsewhere attempt anything relating to the general concerns of the 
whole National Church, by petitioning or otherwise, without the 
consent of their ordinaries. 

8. For preserving the revenues of the bishoprics entire, all 
tlie bishops are required to give in true and just rentals of their 
sees with the superiorities of lands and patronages of churches 
and the commissariots that belong to them to the Archbishop of 
the province, who is required to insert the said rentals into his 
arch-episcopal registers. 

9. Having granted the revenue of the Bishopric of the Isles for 
some bygone years to the use of St. Leonard's College, and having 
notice that those to whom the care of uplifting the same was com- 
mitted have yet done nothing effectually, we authorize you to 
commission such persons as you shall judge fit to uplift the same, 
they finding sufficient security that it may be employed according 
to our meaning expressed in the gift. 

10. It is our pleasure that, when there shall be occasion for 
public fasting and humiliation in any diocese, on the desire of the 
bishop or bishops to their respective metropolitans, the Archbishop 
finding cause shall represent the same to the Privy Council, who are 
to interpose our royal authority for setting apart such a day as the 
Archbishop shall propose, and to command the observation of the same. 

11. Howbeit bishops do not censure ministers without the advice 
and consent of presbyters as is by law provided, yet being informed 
that of late some irregular motions have been made in synods and 
elsewhere, derogating from the authority of the bishops, and 
acclaiming a right and power in presbyters which is not allowed 
by law, particularly that at the late synod of Edinburgh some 
presbyters questioned and dissented from the proceedings of the 
Bishop in censuring some factious ministers, which was done 
according to taw and approven by us: You are to signify to the 
Bishop of Edinburgh our pleasure that he proceed to censure the 
leaders in these dangerous motions with suspension for such a time 
as he shall judge necessary, and, in case they persist in owning or 
abetting these divisive and scandalous motions, to depose them from 
the ministry. You are also to intimate to the other bishops our 
pleasure that they carefully advert to such undutiful presbyters and 
censure accordingly the makers and abettors of such factious 
motions. [4^ pages. S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book S, p. 804.] 



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w^H '^^^ ^°^ ^'* ^^^ *"*' Archbiabopa and aome of the Bishops of 

'J^^' Scotland. Whereas the Privy Council transmitted to us a petition 
of August, 1674, from James, Bishop ot Dunblane, without offering 
anything to our consideration of his ease, wiiieb is of ecclesiastical 
cognition, which we did not think fit to answer or to have its 
contents examined here, and the said Bishop having come to 
London presented another petition to us 16 June, that he maj be 
allowed to clear himself as to the things informed against him, and 
in the meantime may be restored to the exercise of his episcopal 
function in the diocese of Dunblane, from which we had by our 
letter of 16 July, 1674, commanded his translation to that of the 
Isles, and consequently forbidden his residence in any part of the 
diocese of Glasgow or meddling in the affairs of the Church except 
in the diocese of the Isles, unless he be thereunto orderly called, 
and seeing he thus insists that he may be allowed to clear himself 
as to any offence charged on him in our letter of 16 July, 1674, to 
the Archbishop of Bt, Andrews, taking notice of the factious 
deportment of some of the clergy in the motion and eontrivaneea 
for a national synod without the consent of their ordinaries, and 
being resolved that this business be not taken into consideration 
here, but that the examination of the case and carriage of the said 
Bishop be referred to competent persons trusted with the government 
of that Church, we by virtue of our supremacy over all persons 
and over all causes ecclesiastical give commission and authority to 
the Archbishops of St. Andrews, and the Bishops of Edinburgh, 
Galloway, Aberdeen, Caithness, Brechin and Argyle, or any 
five of them, one of the Archbishops being always of the 
quonim, to cite before them the said Bishop at their first 
meeting to be held in Edinburgh in September, and to examine 
his case as represented in his petition, and his abetting 
that dangerous and divisive motion for a national synod, against 
the consent of his superiors and the bishops ot that Church, with 
power also to examine his carriage at the meeting of the Bishops at 
St. Andrews in July, 1674, and the secession he made from it, which 
gave great scandal and offence, and likewise how he has since 
behaved injuriously towards his metropolitan, the Archbishop of 
St. Andrews, by traducing him on several occasions, and lately by 
an abusive insolent letter of 7 June to him, endeavouring to bespatter 
his reputation and the dignity of his office, and, having heard the 
Bishop as to all these particulars and after examination thereof, 
for which, it necessary, they are also empowered to examine 
witnesses and take informations, we require them to report to us 
before 1 Dec. next. [jS.P. Scotland, Warrant Book S, p. 309.] 

July 31. Warrant for a new gift of 500/. sterling per annum to be employed 
A^n^r at the appointment of the Archbishops of St. Andrews and Glasgow 
for defraying the necessary charges which his Majesty's service in 
the matter of the Church may require and for payment of the fees 
of the procurators, solicitors and others who are or may be employed 
for the affairs ot the Church, a former gift above ten years ago of the 
like sum for similar purposes having for eight years past been 
rendered wholly useless as to the purposes therein expressed. [Ihid. 



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MO 
1675. 
July 31. 

M'indgor 
Caatle. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



July 31. 

WimUor 
Caftlc. 



July 31. 

WinHnor 
Ci»tl». 



July 31. 

W indeor 
Castlp. 



July 31. 

Windsor 
CasttF. 



Warrant for a discharge to the Archbishop of St. AiidrewB of the 
arrears of the proportion of the taxation granted by the Convention 
of Estates in 1667 for the archbishopric of St. Andrews, being about 
3,100 merke, Scots money. [Docqjiet. S.P. Scotland, Wmn-ant 
Book 3, p. 314.] 

Warrants for gifts of the office of chaplain in ordinary to his 
Majesty in Scotland to James Nairne, minister at the Weemes, and 
Dr. Andrew Bruce, Archdeacon of St. Andrews, respectively, fee 20/. 
sterling per anitiim. [The second is a doequet. Ihid. pp. 314, 816.] 

Warrant for a grant to the Magistrates and Council of St. Andrews 
for 7 years of authority to raise 4rf. Scots for every pint of ale and 
beer brewed and sold and 2«. Scots for every pint of wine, aqua 
vitffi or strong waters sold within the said city, because the said city 
is under great debts on the occasion of their great losses and 
sufferings in the time of the late mihappy troubles, whereby they 
were necessitated to borrow a considerable sum still due out 
of the bos and stock of the poor of that city, and also because 
the pier and harbour there have been much damnified by 
several great storms, so that the recovery of their trade so much 
already decayed thereby cannot be expected, till the same be 
repaired, the proceeds to he employed first in repayment of the said 
debt and next in repairing the pier and cleansing the harbour. 
[/tirf.p. 316.] 

Warrant for a letter not only confirming his former gift of the 
office of Sheriff principal of Ross-shire, to Kenneth, Earl of Seaforth, 
but also granting the said office to the said Earl for his life and 
after his decease to his eldest son Kenneth, Lord Mackenzie of 
Kintail, for his life. \_Ibid. p. 319.] 

Warrant for a discharge in favour of Kenneth, Earl of Seaforth, 
of the feu duty of the Lewis, extending to 3,000 merks yearly, not 
only of all years preceding 1660, for which 1,000^ sterling was paid 
by him to the Earl of Crawford, but also of all years as yet not 
compted for till 1674 inclusive. [Docqitet. Ibid. p. 321,] 

The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. Warrant for 
admitting John, Lord Elphingstoune and Sir Andrew Ramsey of 
Abbotshall, into the Privy Council in the ordinary manner. [Jbid. 
p. 322.] 

Susanna Durham to Williamson. I have received your letter 
and render hearty thanks for your willingness to help my husband. 
It is impossible to benefit by first finding out the employment here 
and then giving you notice thereof, for it is no sooner vacant but 
supplied. Therefore my humble request is, that, if convenient, you 
would procure his Majesty's letter for the first company that falls 
here to my husband with such advantageous words therein as you 
shall think fit (several having letters to this effect) and that you 
would effectually recommend him to the Lord Lieutenant who is 
now at Court and who knows him. He professes a great deal of 
friendship to my husband and often promises some employment, 
but many others attending, who make stronger interests with the 
secretaries, makes my husband fare the worse, though his Excellency 



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and Lord Justice Forbes have great kindness for hiiu. I am per- 
suaded your word will be very sigiiifieant to his Excellency and 
Secretary Harbord in his behalf. I wholly rely on you and my 
kinsman, Sir John Nicholas, to get ray husband provided for, [S.7*. 
Ireland, Car. II. 335, No. 177.] 
July. A, Brett to Witliamaon. In heroic lines begging his aid, without 

which he is undone. [S.V. Dont., Car. II. 372, No. 105.] 
[July.] John Gold and John JoUiffe, merchants, to the King, Petition, 

showing that his Majesty has been often informed of the great 
decay of the English trade in the dominions of the Emperor of 
Russia, occasioned principally by his taking away the English 
privileges and banishing all the English from Moscow, and confin- 
ing them to that non-habitable port of Archangel, and that, he 
having made profession of great friendship to his Majesty, there is 
now an opportunity in some measure to renew a trade and settle- 
ment in those dominions, the contract for caviare to the quantity 
of 400 butts being shortly to expire, and, if his Majesty pleases by 
his letter to that Emperor to mediate that it may be renewed to the 
English, it might give occasion in part to revive the English 
settlement and trade there, and give employment to two great ships 
yearly to transport the said caviare from thence to the Straits, and 
praying letters to the Emperor of Russia that on the renewing of 
the contract the petitioners may be treated with in the first place. 
llbid. No. 106.] Annexed, 

Draft of the jiropoited letter from the King to the Emperor of 
liiitsia, requesting him to let the Kinfi's subjects hare the 
refusal of the fann of cariare. [/Wrf. No. 106 1.] 
July. John JollifTe to WiUiamson. I waited on you last week with a 

petition with some directions for drawing the Moscow letter, at 
least the sense of what was fit to he inserted. I hoped before this 
to have seen you at the Exchange, as you intimated, but, not seeing 
you there, I waited on you to-day to give account how near 
departing tlie ships were, which are the only fitting convenience 
for the letter or the person that carries it, who are by charter party 
obliged to depart from Graveeend by Saturday or Monday at farthest, 
80 that now, if you have not blanks, or a certainty of his Majesty's 
coming to town to-morrow or Friday, it would be necessary to send 
expressly to-night, the charge whereof I will willingly consider. 
The bearer, Mr. Lenten, whom we employ to treat about this affair, 
can give you an account of anything necessary. [Ilnd. No. 107.] 

I July?] Specimens of penmanship in different styles in English, French 
and Latin addressed to Williamson by Peter de Cardonnel, aged 17. 
(See ante, pp. 230, 236.) [Ibid. A'«. 108.] 
July. Creation of Charles, Earl of Southampton, to be Baron of 

Newbury, Earl of Chichester, and Duke of Southampton. Minute. 
[Precedents 1, p. 88-] 

[July?] Notes in Williamson's hand. Ireland.^ — Nominees were 54. 
Each of them claim yet 2,000 acres a piece, which are detained 
from them by Adventurers and Soldiers, &c. They propose 4 
expedients — That they who are possessed of their lands ; 
1. Reprisals out of lands in the King's hands. 2. Out of 
12402 Q 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



July. 
DmI. 



concealed landa, and they to have letters patents, &c., for what 
the; can discover. 8. Moderation of rents upon cvttodiumt 
granted them, to bring them to quit-rents, &c. Query, what these 
rents amount to? by that means to knowwhat this will cost the King. 

Flanders Trade. — 2 per cent, convoy (?) J per cent. Huysgelt. 
5 per cent by Charles V. 

Composition Trade. — This year more dobeting (?) io the Custom 
House than ever, i.e. there have this year been greater quantities 
of foreign goods to be transported out again than ever, &c., i.«. our 
navigation is inHnitely grown, &c. Shipping from Gottenberg, 
Stockholm, &c., where never any English shipping navigated. 
Now none but English shipping comes. 

800,000/. freight yearly paid to foreigners till this last war ; now 
we get half as mucn. 

Ostend. — Ships manned (?) this day only with briefs in hopes of 
some good trade, &c., i.c. their navigation sank wholly. 

Our Composition trade set up at Dover, 1632, Ac, gave rise to 
the Dutch trade in clothing, &e., i.e. by the means of our Composi- 
tion trade Spanish wool was not landed here, but was conveyed 
to Holland directly. [5.P. Dom., Car. II. S66, p. 21.] 

Lists sent by James Neale to Williamson of King's and merchant 
ships io the Downa, the wind, &c- 



Vol. S72. 






Outward 


Imnrd 






No. 


D.to. 


KlojV 


BooDd. 


Bound. 




Wind. 

N. 


Bemukg. 


109 J 


uly 1 





2 




110 


, 2 











N.W. 




111 


, 3 





4 


7 


8.E. 




112 


, 4 





4 


3 


S.W. 




118 


. 5 


7 


10 


1 


S.W. 




111 


, 6 


5 


6 


2 


N.E. 




115 


, 7 


5 


3 





N.E. 




116 


. 9 


1 


1 


2 


N.E. 




117 


. 11 





1 





E. 




118 


, 12 





1 





N.E. 




119 


, 18 





2 





S.W. 




120 


, 14 





4 





S.W. 




121 


, 15 





4 





N.E. 




122 


, 16 





3 





S.E. 




123 


, 17 


1 


5 


1 


N.W. 




124 


, 18 





6 


1 


S.W. 




125 


, 19 


1 


4 


1 


S.W. 




126 


, 20 


3 


4 


2 


S.W. 




127 


, 21 


3 


6 


3 


S.W. 




128 


, 22 


3 


6 


4 


S.W. 




129 


, 23 


4 


8 


7 


S.W. 




litO 


. 24 


4 


8 


6 


S.W. 




131 


. 25 


4 


9 


7 


N.W. 




132 


, 20 


4 


4 


3 


N.W. 




133 


, 27 


4 


7 


1 


W. 




134 


■ 28 


4 


11 


2 


W. 




135 


, 29 


4 


11 


1 


S.W. 




136 


, 30 


5 


5 





S. 





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1676. 

Aug. 1. 



[Aug?] 



Aug. 2. 



CHARLES II. 243 

Bichard Wfttta to Williamson. Repeating what he had stated 
in former letters abont the packet received 19 July. — Yesterday I 
received two packets from you and delivered them both to Capt. 
Terry, being also for Sir Jouathnn Atkins, and only he bound 
thither and wind-bound here about three weeks. 

The common report is that the day M. Turenne was killed the 
Confederate army engaged the French and next day did the like 
and gained a great conquest over them, but this comes from 
Holland, but these 14 days I have not had a letter or Gazette 
from Whitehall; the blame, I am certain, is not in our post-office. 

I know, though I write to Mr. Secretary Williamson, such things 
come not to his view. I beseech that he who has the perusal hereof 
would answer Mr. Secretary's favour to me, that I may not be 
troublesome to him himself. 

Little wind at S.W. {S.P. D>m., Car. II. 372, No. 137.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and depar- 
ture of packet-boats and mails. [Ihid. No. 188.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.W. No news. [Ibid. 
No. 189.] 

John Stokes to the Right Worshipful Mr. Mayor. On account of 
his great weakness and present necessity entreating him to pay 
him or grant him an order for the 13>. id. which he promised 
to pay him for Capt. Layfield. At the foot, 

Order by Jo. Barker and WiUiam Palmer to Mr. Basnet to pay 
Slokeg 13«. 4rf. [Ibid. No. 140.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. To-dty the 11 Swedes which 
have been so long in the Downs went for London. Rainy weather. 
Little wind at W. [/fcid. No. 141.] 

Hngh Acland to Williamson. Our pilchard men are in great 
hopes of a good year of fishing at last, there being a greater show 
of them now on this coast, and in several places small quantities 
taken. Wind N.W. [Ibid. No. 142.] 

Francis Bellott to Williamson. Shipping news. Wind W.N.W. 
[Ibid. No. 148.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 30th came in here the 
Eliz<Aeth of Dover for the Terceiras with several other small vessels 
for Ireland and Wales, and also the Five lUngs of Middelburg in 
three weeks from the Terceiras, laden with wines homeward-bound. 
She has been out of Holland these six months trading there from 
island to island, so that she is very foul and has several leaks, ao 
that the men were almost tired out to keep her clear, and were 
forced to ran her aground as soon as she came in. It is said they 
intend to sell her here, if not, she must stay here some time to 
clean and mend her leaks. She met no ships at sea nor can she 
speak of anv Turks men-of-war about those islands, but all things 
there have been and are very peaceable. 

Last week in several places in this country have been taken about 
1,000 hogsheads of pilchards, which are the first quantity taken for 
this year, and there is good likelihood of more being taken next 
spring-tide. [Ibid. No. 144.] 



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244 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. 
Aug. 2. The King to the Vice-Provost and Fellows of King's College, 
Windior. Cambridge. Nominating Thomas Page, a principal member of their 
society, and loyal and well deserving, for the office of their provost, 
likely to become void by the promotion of Dr. James Fleetwood to 
the bishopric of Worcester, and requiring them to choose the said 
Page and to present him tor admission to the Bishop of Lincoln, 
their Visitor, immediately after the determination of Dr. Fleetwood's 
interest, adding that he will give orders for conferring upon him a 
doctor's degree in utmque jure, for the better qualifying him 
hereunto. [A'.P. Dom., Entry Book 27, f. 185a.] 

[Aug. ?] The King to the Vice-Chancellor and Senate of the University of 

Cambridge. Directing them to admit Thomas P^e, on whom he 
has conferred the Provostship of King's immediately after the 
determination of Dr. Fleetwood's interest, to the degree of LL.D. 
[Ibid. f. 186.) 

Aug. 2. Sir J. Williamson to the Clerk of the Signet. By Lord Rochester's 

WbiMhall. desire, desiring that no pardon pass to John Crockson for killing a 

bailiff, till notice be given him, [_S.P. Dom., Entry Book 45, p. 13.] 



Richard Potts to Williamson. No news. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. S72, No. 146.] 



Aug. 3. 
Fl jmonth . 



Wind westerly. 



Aug. 4. 



Silas Taylor to Williamson. Several days about the end of last 
week passed by this for the Thames a great laden fleet. We judged 
them most colliers. Last Sunday towards evening arrived one of 
our packet-boats with several passengers, but they coming away 
early last Thursday brought little fresh news. They have in the 
Dutch Gazette the death of Marshal Turenne, but with it they talk 
of little less than the total rout of the Frencb army by the 
Imperial. 

The weather has been very bad for several days, the wind 
betwixt N. and W. It is said it has done much hurt to fruit and 
com. To-day is calmer. Wind westerly. [Ibid. Xo. 196.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson, Wind W. No news. {Ibid. 
No. 147.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
{Ibid. No. 148.] Endoned, 

The mid list. [Ibid. No. 148 1.] 

The King to the Vica-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 
to be communicated to the Senate. Directing that the degree of 
M.D, be conferred on Thomas Novell of Little Eastcheap, prac- 
titioner in physic, formerly a member of Jesus College and resident 
there for several years, and publicly licensed by the University to 
practise, who, labouring under a great imperfection of speech, 
cannot perform the exercises required by the statutes for that 
degree, and that of B.D. on John Ardrey, a member of the 
University, in whose favour the like instance has been made. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 47, ;>. 12.] 

Order in Council on the petition of John Underdowne, which 
showed thill about three months ago a vessel was cast away on the 



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Court, 



Goodwin Sands, wherein were some bags of wool, which being 
seized and condemned for liis Majesty's use, part thereof was 
bought by the petitioner, who sold them again to some Dutchmen 
on condition of deUvering them on bhipboard which the petitioner 
did, but, the vessel being seized by a French eaper, the Dutchmen 
refused to pay for the wool, threatening to ruin him and take his 
life, and prayed a pardon for transporting the wool, that a pardon 
be prepared to the petitioner. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, A'o. 149.] 

Aug. 4. Order in Council on the petition of Simon Francia of London, " 
Hampton merchant, which set forth that last September were laden on the 
Mary of Dover seven bales of goods, which were consigned to Dover 
and thence to Bordeaux on the petitioner's account, that the said 
ship was carried into Ostend by a privateer, where the petitioner 
has made his claim according to law, but that he can receive no 
fruit thereby, because Diego Deza, advocate fiscal of the Admiralty 
Court there and principal owner of the said privateer, is now in 
England, on pretence of making out some colour for detaining the 
said ship and goods, and which prayed for relief, forasmuch as the 
said goods bona Jide belong to the petitioner and are in the actual 
possession of the said Deza, who by law, as the petitioner is 
advised, is liable to make satisfaction for the same; referring 
the petitioner's case to Sir L. Jenkins, who is to report thereon 
with all convenient speed, [Ibid. A'o. 150.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. Yesterday afternoon arrived in the 
Downs four Dutch men-of-war, and two of their East India ships 
outward bound, forced In by contrary winds. 

'Tis confidently reported that the Confederates of Brittany have 
to head them one Malotto, formerly Lieut.-General to the Prince 
of Conde, and Col. Ludlow, and the latter heads rebels in England. 
'Tis also strongly reported that they have taken Brest. Little 
wind at S.W. At least 60 outward-bound ships in the Downs. 
[Ibid. No. 151.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and depar- 
ture of packet-boats and mails. There is a report by one from 
Dunkirk that yesterday a very great force of Dutch and Spaniards 
was within two miles of Calais, and 'tis fe^ed that place will be 
besieged. The truth we eipect by the packet-boats, which are not 
yet arrived, [/tirf. No. 152.] 

Anthony Thorold to Williamson, The 1st arrived the Jane of 
this place in 24 hours from Morlaix. That place keeps a very good 
guard to keep out the insurgents on any approach they may 
make, and expects some force from the King to quell those dis- 
orders, but they are not so numerous nor formidable as has been 
reported, nor are headed by any considerable persons. There is 
no Dutch fleet on the French coast. 

Since the death of Col. Strangewayes last Monday fortnight the 
parties intending to stand for knight of the shire to succeed him are 
already getting voices. They are said to be Lord Digby, Mr. 
Fulford, Mr. Harvey, and Mr. More. Sir John Strode espouses the 
interest of the first, and the Earl of Shaftesbury that of the last, 
who is the greatest upholder of illegal meetings of any in this 
county. [Ibid. Xo. 153.] 



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1675. 
Aug. 4. 
Hampton 

CODlt. 

Aug. 4. 
HaiupUm 



Aug. 4. 
UauptoD 



Aug. 4. 

nuupton 
Conrt. 

Aog. 5. 
BridlingtoD- 



Aug. 6. 
Wobiirn 
AbUj. 



Aug. 6. 
Pljnonth. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

Wftrrant to Sir Edward Qriffin to pay 201. to the gentlemen of 
the Chapel Koyal in lieu of 3 deer granted to them by custom yearly. 
IS.P. Dom., Entry Book 26,/. 196.] 

Warrant to the Recorder of London to insert Margaret Eager, 
convicted at the gaol delivery for Surrey for felony, but reprieved 
in order to transportation, into the nest Circuit Pardon, she 
bearing a good character in the parish where she has always lived, 
and this being her first offence. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 28, /. 140.] 

Warrant lor a privy seal granting to the Duke of Monmouth the 
King's half of certain forfeitureit reserved to him by the charter 
of 3 April, 1661, to the East India Company, whereof no part has 
yet been answered to the King. [Precedents 1,/. 92,] 

Warrant for a grant of a yearly pension of 50/. sterling under the 
Privy Seal of Scotland to Gilbert Browne, sometime of Bagby, during 
his life. {Docqnct. S.P. Scotland, U'airant Book 3, p. 825.] 

T. Aslaby to Williamson. Several ships pass daily southwards. 
Wind E.N.E. With note at foot to Mr. Ball requesting him to convey 
to Capt. Thornton at the Paper Office a letter directed to him by 
Aslaby. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 154.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. The Dutch men-of-war and East 
India ships, which I informed you in my last were forced into the 
Downs by contrary winds, are now ready to sail, the wind coming 
suddenly to the north-east. Most of the others are sailing, in all 
about 50. [Ibid. .\o. 155.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W. No news. [Ibid. 
No. 156.] 

Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind westerly. [Ibid. 
No. 157.] 

Warrant for payment to Bernard GreuviUe, Groom of the Bed- 
chamber, who is being sent as Envoy Extraordinary to the Duchess 
of Savoy, of 500/. out of a Privy Seal dormant for lO.OOW. [S.P. 
Dom., Entry Book 26,/. 196.] 

Royal assent to the election of Dr. James Fleetwood to be Bishop 
of Worcester. Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 2,7, j. 73.] 

Reference to the Attorney -General of the petition, of Theodorus 
Lattenhower, M.D., a Hollander, for a patent for certain engines 
for raising water in greater quantity, &c. [S.P. Dom., Entry Hook 
46, p. 43.] 

The Earl of Bedford to Williamson. Expressing his most hearty 
thanks for the very eicaet account received from him that week by 
the post of all the several passages that have fallen out of late 
between the Im[>erial army and thefreQoh. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 
372, No. 158.] 

A. Goodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
[Ibid. No. 159.] Enchied, 

The taUl lUt. [Ibid. No. 159 1.] 



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1675. 

Ang. 6. 



Aug. 6. 



Aug. 7. 

Bridlington 



Aug. 7. 

PljmoDth ■ 



Aug. 7. 

Wiodwr 
Castle. 



The King to the Bailiffs and Common Council of Ludlow. 
Approving of the election of Sir Job Charleton, Chief Justice of 
Chester, to be Recorder of Ludlow in the place of Sir Timothy 
Littleton, a Baron of the Exchequer, resigned. [PrecedeitU 1, 
f. 92.] 

Thomas Burrowes to Williamson. The Mary of Youghal came 
in here yesterday from Rochelle laden with salt, and a small vessel 
of Jersey to lade leather. The seamen that murdered the Dutch- 
men off the coast of France were hanged to-day at Cork. [S.P. 
Ireland, Car. II. 335, No. 178.] 

T. Afilahy to Williamson. Yesterday anchored in this bay 12 
■ light colliers, the wind being N., and to-day they are loosed and 
stood northward, the wind being E.S.E. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, 
No. 160.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. At noon yesterday arrived one of 
our packet-boats. They bring no news, except some Duteh flams, 
that two English regiments in the French service have deserted it. 

The newsletter from your office miscarried last night again. I 
believe the failure is not there, but would be found elsewhere if 
searched into. The wind has been for several days mostly 
southerly. [Ihid. No. 161.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. The LarAr anchored in St. Helens 
Road on Thursday and sailed on Friday for Tangier. The Pearl is 
at Spithend, having been cruising in the Channel, and after taking 
some few stores wanted will proceed on the same design. Sir 
Anthony Deane will sail to-day on the Cleveland for Havre. [Ibid. 
No. 162.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. I have no list of ships. A vessel 
from Morlaix reports that at his coming away last week there was 
a report that four men declared to the peasants in arms, that, if 
they would lay them down, they should have a general pardon and 
should pay no more taxes, which they complained of, and that on 
this declaration the peasants laid down their arms. [Ibid. No. 
163.] 

The King to the Lord Provost, Bailies and Town Council of 
Edinburgh. After reciting the letters of 24 Sept. and 16 Feb. last 
(calendared in the last volume, p. 367 and p. 591), whereby a stop 
was put to the election of magistrates for Edinburgh and the 
existing ones were continued in their places, removing the foresaid 
stop on the election of magistrates, and commanding them the day 
after the sight thereof to convene the whole Council and to elect out 
of the lists already made the Lord Provosit, Bailies, Dean of Guild 
and Treasurer, who are to hold office till the next election to be at 
the ordinary time mentioned in their set, viz., the next Tuesday 
after Michaelmas. [S.P. Scotland, Warrant Book 8, p. 323.] 

The Eing to the Archbishop of St. Andrews and Glasgow or either 
of them. Warrant for taking off the confinements of Archibald 
Turner, John Robertson, Andrew Cant, late ministers at Edinburgh, 
and John Hamilton, late minister at Leith, who were formerly 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPESS. 



removed from their ministry in those places and confined to several 
other places for their uiidutiful behaviour towards their bishop, and 
their mutinous petitioning for & national synod without the consent 
of their ordinary, and for granting them liberty to repair to Edin- 
burgh or eleewhere, where they may wait on the Archbishops and 
the Bishop of Edinburgh in order to their giving such satisfaction 
and making such due acknowledgements as are mentioned in the 
King's late instructions. IS.P. Scotland, Warrant Book S,p. 824.] 

The King to the Lord Lieutenant. Warrant, after reciting that 
Sir Philip Percivale, by the petition of his guardian, Katherine, 
Lady Percivale, hod represented that his grandfather. Sir Philip 
Percivale, was long before the rebellion quietly seised of several 
towns and lands therein mentioned in co. Cork, which he held by 
way of mortgage, and paid for the same upwards of 8,0001. sterling, 
that the said lands were never seized nor sequestered, but, as soon 
as the tury of the rebellion was over, the petitioner's father. Sir 
John Percivale, entered into quiet possession thereof, that by a 
clause in the Act of Settlement passed several years afterwards 
the right of redemption of all mortgages was vested in the 
Crown " in trust for the '49 officers, that the petitioner had the 
pre-emption of the said right adjudged to him by the Commissioners 
of Claims and paid for the same but 150/., it being found by them 
on a valuation that the said towns and lands did not, nor would 
they on a 21 years' lease, yield near the interest of the original 
money, yet that by some extensive words of the Act of Settlement 
all this ancient estate is subject to a new quit-rent of near 90/. a 
year, as if the petitioner had enjoyed it as an Adventurer or 
Soldier, and therefore prayed a discharge of the same, and that 
only such a moderate quit-rent might be reserved as might bear 
proportion to the 1501. paid as aforesaid, and a reference thereof to 
the Committee for Irish Affairs, and that it appearing that the only 
advantage the petitioner had by the said Act consisted in the 
pre-emption of his mortgages that were not then worth more than 
150i., in consideration thereof and of the good services of the 
petitioner's grandfather and father to the Crown, authorizing and 
requiring him to cause letters patent to be passed remitting to the 
petitioner and his heirs the said new quit-rent of 90/- except the 
sum of 10/. a year and no more, unless the said lands paid any 
rents to the Crown before the Acts of Settlement and Explanation, 
which rents together with what they stand charged with to any 
other person are to be excepted out of this grant, with a proviso 
that the said new quit-rent of 90/. per annum or thereabouts and 
the arrears thereof be paid into the Exchequer till Christmas next 
without any abatement. [Oier 2 iMigee. S.P. Dom., Signet Office, 
Vol. 9, p. 388.] 

John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and depar- 
ture of packet-boats and mails. Some passengers on the packet-boats 
from Calais and Nieuport which arrived Friday afternoon report 
there has been an engagement lately between the French and 

Genimns but say nothing of which had the l>est. [S.P. Dom. 
Car. U. '61-1, X<.. 164.] 



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CHARLES n. 



1675. 
Aog. 8. Pardon to Capt. George Brimicane, sentenced to death by the 
Windsor. Court of King's Bench, Jamuica, tor murder. (Calendared in 

S.P. Col. America ,C<:., 1675-76, p. 268.) [S.P. Dom., Entry 

Book '28, /. 141.] 

[Aug. ?] William Walcot to the King. Petition for a patent tor 14 years 

of his invention of making not only water corrupted fit for use, but 

also the sea water fresh, clear and wholesome in large quantities. 

At the side, 

Aog. ft. Reference thereof to the Attornei/ or Solicitor General. On the 

WwdaoT. back. 

Report of Francis Winnington, SoUcitor-General, in faroiir oj 
granting the patent. 23 August. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, 
No. 165.] 

Another copy of the above reference. [S.P. Dom,, Entry Book, 
46, p. 48.] 



Aug. 9. 
Wallingfoid 



Aug. 9. 

Aswerbf, 



Charles Bertie to Williamson. The King lately bestowed on 
the bearer, Mr. Moore, a reversion on the tour waiters in the port 
ol Bristol, and accordingly he passed his patent but by mistake has 
named one Messenger in it, who, though it did not then appear, has 
surrendered to one Seward. It is evident his Majesty and the Lord 
Treasurer designed him the full benefit of it, which he cannot enjoy 
unless the alteration be made in the bill in the King's presence, 
which favour I request on his behalf. [Ibid. No. 166,] Annexed, 
Note tltat in the bill James Setiard is to be ingerted in the room 
of Robert Messenger. [Ibid. No. 166 1.] 

Sir Robert Carr to Williamson. I am afraid the old proverb 
should prove true, out of sight, &c., for, since the discarding of my 
kinsman, I neither hear from you nor of you. It has caused a great 
scarcity of news in these i)art8. To-day Sir John Newton and I 
dined with Mr. Justice Ellis, when you were heartily remembered. 
On Saturday night Hartop aud Walden came hither to advise about 
making up the breaches, tor the post before I came hither my 
mother had sent down to lock up all her goods, supposing to lay 
me, as I intended to lay them with drinking your health, in the 
straw. [Iljid. So. 167.] 

Edward, Bishop of Carlisle, to Williamson. I espected to have 
seen Mr. Ardrey in my way, staying at Appleby part ot three days, 
or that he would have coma hither, or at least nave written before 
this, that I might have known how he thinks to proceed about the 
prebend, and I wonder that he who used to he very solicitous formerly 
should not stir in his own concern now, I suppose you acquainted 
him with what was concluded. I ara ready when called on to do 
my part. Mr. Archdeacon indeed gave me a visit here since I came, 
but seemed desirous to hold his prebend here for some time. I owe 
60 great respect to that family that I shall be unwilling to deny any 
ot their just desires. But in this I suppose you have gained his 
resignation or a promise of his cession ; when that is declared to 
me, I shall willingly perform my promise, and value myself the 
more for having any opportunity to serve a person so well deserving 
of the Church and of this diocese as yourself. I was obliged to the 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Aug. 9. 

Aldeburg^. 



bearer of the letter (of which I told you) from the D[tike] of 
M[onmouth] to give him notice before I should confer auy prebend, 
which though I have done, 1 think to bis satiBfaction, having told 
him of a resignation, yet it may be best to diapatch this buEiness 
to prevent further application. [S.P. Dim., Car. II. 372, No. 168.] 

Ralph Rabett to Williamson. No news. [Ibid. \o. 169.] 



No news. Wind N.W. [Ibid. 



- Hugh Acland to Williamson. 

No. 170.] 

Francis Bellott to Williamson. Last week came in two or three 
small vessels. (News of the capture of a French prize as in the 
neit.) The Dutch vessel from the Terceiras and that from 
Burinam continue here, expecting a convoy. [^Ibitl. No. 171.] 

Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 6th came in here the Fox, 
a small Ostend caper of 3 guns. Five or six days before they and 
another small caper being consorts spied a French ship off Cshant, 
but the other being cleaner and a better sailer got up first with her, 
and found her to be a foul ship and fired three guns into her, and 
a volley of small shot. The Frenchman answered with five guns 
and killed two of the caper's men and hurt three or four more. At 
last they made her to be a ship from the Bank with fish, tihe had 
5 guns and 22 men. This made the caper adventure again, and so 
they fired in all their guns and boarded her with all his men, and 
carried her, having killed 7 of the French and hurt 5 or 6 more. 
This caper could not come up with her, but he has put some of his 
men on board, as well as the other, and they thought she would put 
in here, but she did not, bo they suppose she is gone home. This 
one has taken two small prizes and sent tbem home. She has 
washed and tallowed here and put to sea again to-day. [Ibid. No. 
172.] 

Secretary Coventry to Williamson. His Majesty received the 
account you sent him from the Lord Mayor of the 9th, and at the 
same time what Lord Craven and Sir John Robinson sent me. On 
the whole he approves of all they had done hitherto, but will give 
no order till he bears further from those Lords of the Council there, 
nor does be by any thing yet passed conceive it necessary to send 
any more guards. If this should again break out, he would have 
the Lords of the Council meet and give such directions as the 
present affair may require, and timely notice here if any consider- 
able accident shall arrive. You will acquaint the Lord Keeper, ihe 
Lord Privy Seal and the rest of the Council with this. [Ibid. 
No. 173.] 

Adrian Scroope to Williamson. My Lord of Lincoln promises me 
what lies in his power and advises me to make what other friends I 
can. To you therefore I make my addresses. There are two 
Fellowships of \l\ Souls now vacant, which will not be disposed of 
till almost Michaelmas. I am very ambitious of being a member 
of that society, and know not how to accomplish my designs, unless 
through your intercession with his Majesty and the Archbishop of 



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CHARLES U. 



Aug. 10. 

Trinitj 



Canterbury for their letter to the Warden, and that soon, lest 
others make friends to them before, tor these places go, not by 
merit but by favour. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. ll'L] 

The Master, Wardens, &e., of the Trinity House to [the Committee 

for Trade.] They have considered Sir John Clayton's proposals for 

S lighthouses with an inclination to promote them if desirable, but 

find they will be not only useless but prejudicial, and think his 

reply drawn up by hands little conversant with such matters. 

However, they have, according to the order of the said Committee 

of 12 Dec, 1674, considered the papers transmitted therewith, and 

frequently heard what 8ir John has to offer and have transmitted 

his proposals to the several Trinity Houses of England, who all 

disapprove, and the fact that the whole scheme is based on papers 

to be printed to direct seamen in the use of these lights shows that a 

new navigation is to be instituted for the benefit of the lights and 

not the lights calculated for the benefit of navigation. Noted, as read 

to the Committee for Trade 4 Aug., 167ti. [Ibid. No. 175.] Annexed, 

I. Furtlier obsercations hy the sane on the several lighthouses 

projected bn Sir John Clayton at Flamboroagh Head, Cromer 

or Fontness (Foulness I), St. Nicholas Gatt, and B'em Island. 

[IbUl. No. 175 I.] 

u. The Masters, dc, of the Trinity House, Deptjord Strand, to 

the several Trinity Houses of England. lieqiiiring them to 

deliver freely and impartially their opinion on Sir John 

Clayton's proposals for erecting four lights on the north coast oj 

England, and the answers to soine objectiotis against tliem. 

1 Feb., 1676. Copy. [Ibid. No. 176 ii.] 

III. The Trinity House, Dover, to t)ie Trinity House, Deptford. 
They think the said lights cvould be unuseful and dangerous, 
because ships might be lost by mistaking the lights. 10 Feb., 
1676, Dorer. Copy. [Ibid. No. 176 in.] 

IV, The Trinity House, Newcastle, to the same. They think the 
lights altogether unnecessary, and that they wotUd discourage 
the coal trade by lying so heary on it. 8 Feb., 1675. Copy, 
[Ibid. No. 175 rv.] 

v. The Trinity Hmise, Kingston on Hull, to the same. Tliey 
think all lovers of navigation will oppose Sir John Clayton's 
eruleavours for lighthouses ; they would discourage shipbuilders 
and merchants by lessening their profits ; they will be hurtjul 
and not nsefid unless directed by printed papers which cannot 
be infallible, and they wouUl tend to the injury of navigation. 
18 Feb., 1676. Copy. [Ibid. No. 176 v.] 

Richard Fotts to Williamson. The only news is the good and 
pleasant harvest weather. Wind westerly. [Ibid. No. 176.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. No packet-boat has arrived since my 
last, 80 we have no news. [Ibid. No. 177.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. About the 7tb I told you that we 
heard two days together the great guns playing, which was thought 
to be some fight in Flanders, but a vessel from Ustend arrived in the 
Downs yesterday told us that the cause of them was that the Dutch 
fleet of war with the merchantmen bound for the Straits saluted 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Oatend, and the return ot thanks and nest day's rejoicing for the 
victory the confederate army obtained against the French, which, 
they report, was to the loss of 15,000 by the French. Wind S.W. 
IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 178.] 

Aug. 10. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind N.N.W. Yesterday sailed 
Portnnoiitb. the Cleveland yacht for Havre with Sir Anthony Deane and Mr. 
Hewers, who will be there this forenoon as the wind has been. 
{Ibid. No. 179.] 

Aug. 10. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 

Plymouth. The masters of those from Brittany report that there were in a 
body 30,000 peasants in arms with cannon, well disciplined and 
armed, besides several other bodies, and that the Governor of 
Brittany4iad secured himself in Port Louis. A ship of London for 
Virginia arrived here this evening. [Ibitl. No. 180.] Enclosed, 
The ^aUl list, llbid. No. 180 i.] 

Aug. 10. Careat that no approbation pass for any new Becorder of 
Abingdon without notice to Thomas Holt, the present Becorder, at 
Reading. [S.P. Do,n., Entry Book 45, p. 13.] 

Aug. 10. Reference to the Lord Treasurer of the petition of Sir Francis 
WindBur. Clarke of London for payment of 938/. lis. 8J. due to him for half- 
subsidy and Argier duty for foreign goods exported, &c., since the 
King's return, interest, principal and solicitation put together. 
[S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, p. 40.] 

Aug. 10. Pardon to John Underdowne for transporting wool, with 
Winder, restitution of lands and goods. {_IIome Office, Warrant Book 1, 
y. 77.] 

Aug. 10. Secretary Coventry to the Lord Mayor of London. I have 
Wimlflor. acquainted his Majesty with your letter of the 9th, who is very 
well satisfied with your care and fidelity in suppressing so 
unreasonable a riot, and desires you to continue both. W^e hope 
here the heat of it is over, and you will have all assistance 
from Lord Craven as likewise from the militia, and, if necessary, 
you may likewise apply to the Lord Keeper, the Lord Privy Seal 
and Secretary WilUamson, who will call a Council and advise of 
any further orders needful, and, on notice to his Majesty, he will 
take all courses proper for the evil, if it shall increase, but he 
supposes that continuing what you have done will show those 
people their folly. In the meantime I cannot but repeat how much 
he is pleased with your discretion and care hitherto in this affair. 
[Precedents 1,/. 93.] 

Aug. 10. K. M. to Sir Francis RadclifTe. I hope mine of the 2nd came safe 
to you. We are since filled with reports from foreign parts. Every 
day offers variety of occurrences. The newest thing is the defeat 
of M. de Cr6qui. He advanced with about 12,000 horse, foot and 
dragoons to raise the siege of Treves. Ou his advance the Duke of 
Lorraine with the Liinenburg troops drew out, and engaged the 
French, who were totally routed after a very bloody engagement 
for some hours, their cannon and baggfige taken and de Crdqui 
slain. Here is also confirmation of the death of Turenne and his 



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CHARLES II. 268 

1675. 

army with more circamstances, which some will not believe, though 
they are filled, with great consternation, admitting that they believe 
that Turenne's army is spoiled, &c. It's said the French in the 
engagement lost at least 10,000 or 12,000 men, above 50 principal 
officers, their general and lieu t. -general slain, their major-general 
a prisoner, several standards and many colours, baggage and great 
part of their artillery taken, besides what they blew up at their 
decamping. The full issue is not yet known. Brittaneers increase 
by these losses. Some begin to talk as if the Prince de Cond^ would 
[?8eize] Brittany and set up for himself. The Fr[ench King is 
much] amused at these things ; the death of [Turenne made him] 
almost ont of his wits; he [threw] himself upon his bed and was in 
great astonishment, and some here are greatly perplexed, if not 
distressed. 

The weavers of London seem to be encouraged also against the 
French, for to-day a great company of them fell upon the French 
weavers, broke all their materials, and defaced several of their 
houses, and greatly disturbed the City and Governors, who were 
all up to appease the matter, but it's done. I like not the 
beginning, I dread the issue of such attempts. May our Governors 
be wise and encourage our natives more than foreigners. 
Some new honours are lately conferred, the French Madam's son 
made Duke of Richmond and Lenox, Cleveland's, Duke of Grafton. 
I wish you may take true measures of things, which have a quite 
other face, than some few days since. Some begin to be very confi- 
dent of their interest, and, for ought is seen, not without ground. 
Things will be sudden and many will be surprised, that look not 
to their watch. The bridegoom will find many without the wedding 
garment. You apprehend me. He that would have favour from 
the King must make the King's favourites his friends or his cause 
will have ill success. I dare not without your leave speak my 
mind, which is more for your sake than mine, for I fear ne'er a 
Frenchman in the world. We are above them, and they will 
tumble under our feet, maugre all vain confidence. 

The Germans are still in pursuit of the French. The Governor 
of Treves also is killed, who, going on a high wall to view, it fell 
down and buried him in the rubbish, so he himseli was lost before 
the town. {Torn. Admiralti/, Greenwich Hospital 1, No. 4.] 

Wednesday, Anthony Thorold to Williamson. Yesterday arrived the Elizabeth 
Aug. 11. from St. Malo and the Mary Anne from Morlaix, which places are 
Ljnw. very quiet, but in other parts of the province the disturbances 
continue and they threaten the gentry to burn their houses and 
other mischiefs to their persons, if they take not their parts. The 
latter met Ostend privateers both out and home, but they did him 
no damage though laden with horses when outward bound. 

This morning arrived the Joan from Croisic and the Concord 
from Barbados. We hear by the first that several of the Bine 
Caps, for BO the mutineers are known, were brought to Port Louis, 
where the Due de Chaulnes, Governor of Brittany, is, but it is 
supposed no execution will be done on them till the meeting of the 
States at Dinham ( ? Dinant) the 25th prox., where the King intends 
to be also, if the great losses he has lately had in his armies hinder 
not. By the latter from Barbados in 6 weeks we hear that they had 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Aug. 11. 



Aug. 11. 

Put 2 p m. 
WbiMWI. 



Wednesday, 
Aug. 11. 



Aug. 11. 

The CouDoil 
CtutDibcr, 
Whitehsll. 



JQst tben discovered a design of the native negroes and other slaves of 
an intended massacre of their commanders, o^mers, &c., which had 
been carried on with greater secrecy and cunning than ever any 
in that kind, even to the time of the intended execution. Good 
plenty of sugar there, but few ships. Five sail of London intended 
to sail in a week after. Those that rose up and killed their 
commander, Capt. Swanly, were executed before their coming away 
after a trial at the assizes. The Joan last Monday met with two 
Dutch men-of-war and three fire-ships sailing southwards, 6 leagues 
off the Start. Their design they would not discover. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 872, No. 181.] 

Dispensation to Gabriel Quadring, ^I.A., Fellow of Magdalene 
College, Cambridge, to depart the realm and travel beyond seas 
so long as shall be permitted by the statutes of the college, without 
prejudice to his fellowship or otherwise. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 27, p. 187.] 

Warrant to Sir Thomas Chieheley for delivering 100 barrels of 
powder tor the use of Jamaica, the vessel in which a supply was 
lately sent having been wrecked. (Calendared in S.P. Col., 
Avieiica, &c., 1675-6, p. 269.) [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 29, j). 182.] 
Sir J. Williamson to the Lord Mayor, I was ever of your 
opinion that this matter was not handled as it ought. I am going 
to the Lord Keeper and the Lord Privy Seal to Kensington to bring 
them to town with me to be at the Council Chamber at 5. We 
shall desire to know how things stand from your Lordship. At the 
same time I give notice of this to Sir J. Robinson. I find it 
spreads extremely, not only as to place, but as to matter of the 
disorder. They talk ot falling upon other trades, in which they 
pretend grievances. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 48, p. 46.] 

Sir J. Williamson to Sir John Robinson. To the same effect as 
the last, and desiring him to let the Lords of the Council hear from 
him what passes, and, when he has read the enclosed, to speed it 
away by a careful messenger to Sir W. Hickes. [Ibid. p. 57.] 
Eiicloaed, 

Sir J. WiUiamton to Sir W. Hickes. The disorder that has 
been on foot these tico days a}nong the weavtrt is tpreading 
itself towards yow parts. I hope you will take early care to 
suppress it, as it shall attempt to break out jcitkin your juris- 
diction, by seizinff halj-a-dozen of the ringleaders, icitlt the best 
proofs you can get of their acting in it. The Lords of the 
CouncU will be in the King's absence attending generally here in 
town, to ivhom you will therefore give from time to time an 
account of how this matter moees. \Ibid.'\ 
Sir J. Williamson to Secretary Coventry. Having received yours 
of last night about 11 this morning, and finding by all accounts 
that the disorder of the weavers grew hourly greater, as you will 
see by the enclosed, I presumed to warn a meeting of the 
Council for 5 this evening, and sent notice to the Lord Mayor and 
Sir J. Robinson to give the Council an account of what had passed, 
and in what state the matter is. Accordingly they attended, and 
it appeared plainly that hitherto there has not been that vigorous 



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CHABLES II. 



care and activity in the civil magistratcB, nor even in the militia of 
the Hamlets and Southwark that there ought to have been. I hope 
they have been so well scowled (sic) tor their, neghgence by the 
Lord Keeper, that we shall find the effects of it to-morrow. In the 
meantime the Lords have thought it bat necessary to issue a 
proclamation for dissipating these riotous assemblies, which is now 
printing, to be published to-morrow morning early. The Duke of 
Monmouth being here, I hope things will be a little better ordered 
than hitherto. There is a party sent particularly to Stratford near 
Bow, where we are told the rioters are got together to the number 
of 2,000. The thing is in itself, as far as we can see, but a foolish 
thing, without any design or foundation more than the interest 
these common weavers have to suppress, if they could, the use of 
this engine. But it is unluckily spread into ao many parts, that it 
looks scandalously to the government that it is not suppressed. 
The Council have appointed to sit again to-morrow morning, after 
which you shall know what has passed since this. [S.P. Dom. 
Entry Btwk 4S, p. 48.] 

Aug. 11. Caveat on behalf of Col. Vernon, the Duke of Ormonde, H. 

Wbiteh&ti. Seymour and others, that no grant pass of the manor or 
demesnes of Tutbury, Castlehay Park, and others, co. Stafford, 
till notice be given to Sir J. WilliamBon. [S.P. Dom., Entry 
Book 45, p. 13.J 

Aug. 11. Proclamation for the immediate dispersion of the riotous 
Whitehall, assemblies of weavers in and about London, under pain of their 

being proceeded against as traitors. [S.P. Dom., Proclamationa 3, 

p. 867.] 

Aug. 11. The King to the Lords Justices of Ireland. Warrant for a grant 

Windior of a baronetcy to Bobert Beading in terms similar to that of 

12 June, calendared ante, p. 162, but omitting the remainder to hia 

daughter and her issue. [S.P. Dom., Signet Office, Vol. 9, p. 883 ; 

and S.P. Dom., Enti-y Book 21, p. 170.] 

Aog. 12. William Webb and Bartholomew Fillingham to Col, John 
Lamplugh of Lamplugh. Aa an arrear is still due from him on his 
whole account for the 18 months' assessment, which should have 
been paid and the account passed long since, desiring him to take 
some speedy care therein, for it cannot be much longer retarded 
without prejudice to himself. [5.P. Dom., Car. II. 872. ^'o. 182.] 

Aug. 12. T. Aslaby to Williamson. Upwards of 60 light colliers are now 

BridiiDgtoD. at anchor in this bay, and yesterdw' passed by southward betwixt 

30 and 40 laden ones. Wind N.N.E. {Ibid. No. 188.] 

Aug. 12. Silas Taylor to Williamson. This morning one of the packet- 
^""''=''- boats came in, and we are toid of a fight, wherein they say the 
French had the worst, which I believe was that of M. Crequt'e. Two 
Brandenburg men-of-war are at the Brill. The master tells me the 
sea is very full of capers. The wind has been lately most westerly. 
At present it is N.W. Before I had sealed this, came this 
and the Gazette which I here present, \lbid. No. 184.] 



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256 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1B75. 
Aug. 12. Hugh Salesbury to WilliamBon. Wind W. Last Tuesday 
Pornraouth. anchored Iwtween this and the lele of Wight two Dutch privateers, 
one formerly the Merlin galley taken from ub, the other a small 
frigate. They had been nine months cruising in the West Indies, 
and bad much wealth aboard in goods and money and refused to 
sell anything. After taking in some fresh provisions they sailed 
for Holland the same night, fearing that, if it were noised abroad 
that they were arrived, French men-of-war would look out for them. 
The commanders reported that they had been at Jamaica, and all 
things were in a good condition there. They had taken four 
French prizes, sunk and burned three, and preserved the fourth to 
bring the men home. That ship they lost in a storm. Some of 
their own and some Frenchmen were on board. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. 11. 872, A'o. 185.] 

Aug. 12. Hugh Acland to Williamson. I have received none of yours this 
Trii«, fortnight, the occasion I know not, having continued my 
correspondence. Wind W. [Ihid. No. 186.] 

Aug. 12. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Shipping news, some of it the 
p^ndennii. game as in the next. One from St. Malo arrived this morning 

tells us the French king has 6,000 men on their march for Brittany, 

where the discontented party are very numerous but in no body. 

Their prejudice is altogether against the maltotiers, as they call 

them. Wind N.W. [IM<i. No. 187.] 

Aug. 12. Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 10th came in here two 
Faimoath. Dutch men-of-war, iheZerick Zee of 26 and the Brownfiahoi 6 guns, 
come to convoy a vessel from Surinam that has lain here about two 
months. It is about 8 days since they came out. They report that 
sis men-of-war came out after them, having under their convoy two 
East Indiamen and several other merchantmen bound for the 
Straits, and they believe they may be at this time about the Lizard. 
The men-of-war and merchantman are put to sea to-day, wind 
W.N.W. 

Yesterday came in two French merchantmen from Martinico, St. 
Chrietopher's, &c., both of Havre, homeward-bound. It is about six 
weeks since they came from thence. They had for convoy a French 
man-of-war of 60 guns, which kept them company till sis days 
before they came in here. They lost her in foul weather, but they 
all concluded that, if they should be separated, they should make 
for this harbour, where they were to stop till they should all come 
together, so they expect her here every hour. [itnd. No. 188.] 

Aug, 12. For the corroboration of the title of Dr. John Bradford, chaplain 
Windsor, jn Ordinary to the King, to the rectory of Sefton, Laneashire, 

warrant for the presentation of him to the said rectory, [S.P. 

Dom., Entry Book 27, /. 73.] 

Aug. 12. Sir J. Williamson to Secretary Coventry. Last night I gave you an 
w'h'^tuil accotinl' ot what had then passed in the matter of the disorder, and by 
an express of this morning you will have received from the Duke o( 
Monmouth the accounts given of the last night's passages by the 
parties sent out. Since that, things have continued very quiet, save 
that even here in Westminster a rabble of near a hundred got 



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CHARLES II. 257 

1676. — ^- 

together, and burnt one of those engines. Five or six of the actors 
in it were met with by some of the Guards and upon examination 
stand committed by the Council- Though the thing appears to 
have been first begun perfectly out of malice to that engine, and the 
way of working by it, yet the remissness of all sorts of inferior 
officers has been everywhere so infinitely great, that, had not the 
Couneil took it up iis they did, nobody knows where the disorder 
might have ended. Indeed it's a shame to see the negligence and 
folly of some, in whose care the matter more particularly was. We 
have appointed to meet again to-morrow morning, as well to enquire 
more thoroughly into the miscarriages past, as to prevent the 
further spreading of the ill for the future. I enclose a printed copy 
of the proclamation which has been this day published in the City, 
and in Middlesex, Essex, Surrey and Kent, that is, upon the places 
in those several liberties where the disorders have been committed. 
[.S'.y. D<mi., Entrii Hook 43, p. 49.] 

Aug. 13, Sir J. Williamson to the King. I have taken leave to give your 
^'"r^"^" Majesty an account these last three days through Secretary Coventry 
Whitehall, of that part of our business here which is particularly incumbent 
on me, without presuming to trouble your Majesty with it yourself, 
and leaving your Majesty to the Duke of Monmouth's letters for 
what relates to that part of it. This whole day things have been very 
quiet everywhere, as far as we can hear, save that one information 
told us one knot of the weavers had got down to Greenwich in 
search of a frame or two there. Your Majesty will see in the 
enclosed extract the heads of what has passed of any moment at the 
Council. 

The Dutch letters are arrived, but without anything material. 

Those of Flanders may be here to-morrow, though the wind be 

westerly. That from Gand is from the B[aron] de V[iej feigned as 

if written to Don Pedro Ronqnillo, which is a way of address we 

agreed on as one of the safest against all accidents on the other 

side. [S.P. Diim., Car. II. 372, .V<>. 189.] Enchged, 

Aug.ll-13. I'lvcfcdings of the Councii for sappreMuig the tinnults of the 

^h ^*hL'""' IVearere. lUh. A proclamation ordered for the sup]>reg$ion 

Wbttehftll. ^f '^'*' Orders to the Duke of Monmouth and the Earls of 

Northampton and Cracen to have the forces in readiness to 

march about and disperse the tuintilt and, iu case of resistance, 

to proceed irith them at enemieB to his Majesty and the Govern' 

ment. Order to the Lord Mayor, Shenffs and Aldermen to 

march irith their train bands and militia into the Hamlets, 

Southicaik and eUewhere, for the sujipression of this tumult 

and seizing the offenders. 

Major Thomas Beckford and [Hickard^ Humplvyes, a sergeant 

in Sir Thomas Byde's company belonging to the miiitia of the 

Hamlets, ivere sent for in custody of a messenger, for refusing 

to assist in the suppression of the rabble. 

\2tk. Forenoon. The said major and sergeant were committed 

to the Gatehouse for forbearing to assist the ciiil magistrate 

and refnaing to obey the directions sent by the sheriffs for 

appeaaiuq the tnmidt. 



12402 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



12lk. Afternoon. John Hunt, NeJiemiah Pope and — Hooper, 
weavers in Cabbage Lane, Westminster, sent for in custody oj 
a messenger for being present at the burning of Pemberton's 
loom, and in a riotous mannei- disturbing the peace, and Hunt 
and Pope were committed to the Gatehouse. 
Isaac Dandy and seren others sent for in custody for being of 

the number of the tumultuous rabble. 
John Manon, a wearer, sent for in custody for encouraging the 
^■ablde in Swan Fields to persist in their tumultuous actings to 
the disturbance of his Majesty's }>eace and government. 
Peter Collins, sent for in custody for eneouraging the rabble in 

their tumultuous actings, committed to Xeugate. 
iVilliam Empson, a nearer in St. Anne's Lane, Westminster, 
sent for in cuatinlyfor being one of the rioters and encouraging 
the rabble in their tumultuous proceedings. Oeorge Knight, his 
serrant, in custody with him- 
Captain CusdeU, a captain of the militia, living at Hogsden, sent 
for in custody for refusing to appease the rabble, when they 
broke down WUliam Crotch's house in a tumultuous manner. 
John Cvrtis, a soldier, for inriting some wearers to burn an 
engine, brought in custody, e^-amined, and committed to the 
Guard. 
Also James Belloon and fire others, seized by the Guards, brought 
and examined and to be discharged as their masters ivere 
taken. 
Letter to the Recorder to appear at 9 to-morrow with the Justices 
of Middlesex and the Constables of the sereral wards where the 
tumults were made. 
Order to send Sir J. Robiitson the narratire oj Sheriff Herne and 
the extract of the depositions against him for countenancing the 
weavers in their proceedings and to attend with his answer at 
9 to-morrow. 
13(&. The Recorded' icith the Justices of London and Westminster 
appearing were sharply admonished for their remissness and 
commanded to observe several directions touching the suppressiou 
of the disorder, seizing the offenders, sending all examinations 
to Air. Attorney for the better preparing a commission of Oyer 
and Terminer _/(>?■ tlieir speedy trial, and that each of them send 
to the Board an account of all that has happened in their 
precincts from the beginning. 
The like order sent to Sir W. Boreman on his adi-ice that great 
disturbance had been given by the like rabble at Oreenuich, to 
disperse the proclamations and intimate the directions given to 
the deputy lieutenants and justices thereabouts where tite 
mischief was likest to spread. 
Capt. CusdeU of Hogsden sent to the Gatehouse jor neglect of his 
duty. His ensign and sergeant sent Jor, Jor Utting one of the 
rabble committed to them escape. 
Hooker, Empson and Knight brought in custody, and examined 

and dismissed tilljurther order. 
Cannon and Layton ordered to be taken into custody for words 
touching theframing a declaration, and other words of adhering 
to Sir John Robinson. 



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John Mason, a weaver and Fijik Monarchy man, hrotight in 
ciutodyjor some desperate words to be further proved against 
him to-morrow. 

Captain Holden ordered to apprehend one of his soldiers who 
owned to have had his share of IQl.for abetting this tumult. 

The Ijord Mayor, Sheriffs and Aldermen attend, representing all 
u:m quiet, hit are ronndly admonished to greater care and 
eircumapection. 

Sir J. Robinson attended, but praying time till to-morrow to make 
his dejence, the Ijtrds, after some serious debate touching his 
heharionr in this matter, granted him his desires herein, and 
aa he is allowed to bring hia witnesses with him, so Sir Nathaniel 
Heme, the sheriff, and such othera as hare testified against 
him are summoned at the same time to attend. 2} jww/cs. 
[S.i: Dom., Car. II. 372, No. 189 i.] 

Aug. 13. Warrant lor swearing Gervas Price to be Gentleman ot the Bows 
Windfloi. in reversion after Lodowick Carlile, who is very dangerously sick 
without hope ot recovery, Price having by the King's special 
appointment performed the duty of Gentleman ef the Bows with 
constant diligence and attendance, hut without any benefit, for above 
20 years past, and having long been promised the said office when 
it should become void. [I'recedenis l,J. 94.] 

Aug. 13. Secretary Coventry to Williamson. I am your debtor for two of 
Windsor, the nth and 12th. The latter I received this morning. I hope 
the prudence of the Council will continue as successful as it has 
begun. 1 cannot but lament with you the reflections that will arise 
to the Government that a fantastical humour amongst one particular 
sort of workmen in London Hhould continue a riot three days 
together without arras and the military power at last obliged to 
assist, whilst I ha<l thought the ordinary guards of the City, if well 
intentioned, might have prevented the rising, at least the continuing 
of an insurrection so irrationally grounded and so impoliticly 
designed. You will find by mine to the Lord Keei^er the King's 
opinion as to the punishment of the offenders, viz., that it ought to 
be legal, quick and severe, at least to some of them, for, if they 
find safety when suppressed, what will they not hope when victorious? 
and what greater encouragement can there be to rebellion, than to 
have all the hopes imaginable if they thrive, and all the security 
in the world if they miscarry? I shall be very glad that your 
work this day may give 3'ou a true light into the reasons of the 
rising on their side, and the neglect of ours. [S.i'. Dom., 
Car. II. 372, No. 190.] 

Aug. 13. A. Qoodyeare to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
PljnDonth. [/fcirf. No. 191.] Enclosed, 

The said Uat. [IbUI. No. 191 1.] 

Aug. 14. Sir J. Barckman Leyenbergh to [Williamson]. The Commis- 
London sioners [of the Customs] answered this morning that it was not 
in their power to gritnt us the freedom to unload a part of the salt 
of the Swedish ships to be transported by others without the King's 
order, I have hereupon resolved to send an express to my Lord 
Ambassador that he may endeavour to get his Majesty's order for 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



your Honour to direct them, which I hope to receive to-morrow, 
80 that you may grant iis your letter to the CommissionerB Monday 
morning. [N.P. lUm., Car. II. 372, A'o. Ift2.] 

Aug. 14. H. Thynne to [Williamson]. Immediately on my nrrival I 
Windsor, acquainted Mr. Secretary with the commandn you intrusted me 
with this morning and, an warmly as I could, represented Sir John 
Robiuson's innocent intentions in this late unhappy affair, though 
I could not find much to say in excuse of his folly. I likewise laid 
)>efore him the greal inconveniences as to the public that would 
attend his total removal from his lieutenancy, all which Mr, Secre- 
tary immediately represented to his Majesty, who seems to be very 
far from the thoughts of removing him, and by what can yet l>e 
conjectured will not easily be prevailed with to do it. The bills 
you sent Mr. Secretary to get the King's hand to are not yet signed, 
he not having any opportunity of presenting them, but to-morrow 
he doubts not to get them with several others of his own signed 
and sent to your office. [/fciV/. .Yo. 193.] 

Aug. 14. Silas Taj'lor to Williamson. About noon to-day arrived one of 
Hsrwiob. our packet-boats from the Brill. They bring strange news, if trne, 
viz., that the French have quitted Maestricht, and by a letter I saw 
that the Prince of Orange has joined the Imperial forces about 
Trier, which they besiege, that the I'rench forces give ground in 
most places, that Admiral de Ruyter lies before Dunkirk with his 
fleet, that tour Brandenburg men-of-war with 600 soldiers are lying 
near the Brill, which are not to break up their instructions till they 
come out at sea. They talk also of there behig great hopes of 
peace betwixt France and the Hollander apart. A westerly wind 
and ill harvest weather. [/biW, Xo. 194.] 

Aug. 14. Sir J. Williamson to Secretary Coventry. By command of the 

Whitohnii. Council transmitting to him their enclosed order in the case of Sir 

John Robinson with the several papers relating to it, that he may 

present it on their part to his Majestv for his iileasnre upon the 

matter. [S.P. Dom., Enlnj Booh 48, ]>. .'iO.] 

Sir J, Williamson to the King. Rnclusing the Holland letters, 
adding that his Majesty will have received from Secretary Coventry 
in what state the business of the late disorder of the weavers was 
yesterday left by the Council, and that since all continues .very 
quiet and well. [.S'./'. hom.. Car. II. 1J72, X,>. 195.] 

Secretary Coventry to Williamson. I thank you for yours of the 
14th with the enclosed transactions in the Council. I presented 
them all to his Majesty and gave him a short account of the most 
material points, as I conceived, of the examination, but I do not 
know whether he has as yet leisure to peruse them so strictly as to 
come to a particular conclusion on each particular, but lo the 
general he is very well satisfied that the sheriff has acted vigorously 
and resolutely in his service, and that Sir .John Robinson has been 
to blame in complying too much with the rabble and too little with 
the sheriff, but yet he believes that whosoever commands by his 
commission in the Tower is to command the militia there and in 
the Hamlets by a power distinct from the sheriff's, but the sheriff 



Aug. 15. 

2p.a>. 
Whitehall. 



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has done bo well in general that hie Majesty woald not Intisen the 
commendation he deserves by sth'ring any further questions, and 
though, as I told you before, he agrees with the Council that Sir 
John hae been in the wrong as to several particulars in the 
management of this business, yet his submission has been so 
humble and hearty, that his Majesty seems very unwilling to blast 
all his past services for some miscftrriages in this particular 
occasion, which his Majesty imputes no way to an intention of 
disserving him, but to his wrong judging the way of serving him, 
so that, by what I can guess, there being no positive declaration of 
his pleasure as yet, Sir John's past services and present submission 
will prevail with his Majesty not to be severe against him. I return 
your three hills signed. His Majesty has commanded me to wTite 
his thanks to the sheriff, us I shall do this post. {S.P. Dom., 
Car. 11. 372, .V... 19«.] 

Aug. 15, Richard Watts to Williamson. Yesterday it blew hard and 

^^^- rained, but all last night it blew a storm, yet, notwithstanding there 

were at least BO ships great and small, no dam^e is done and no 

ships broke loose. The wind is yet very high at N.N.W. [IbUL 

-Vo 197.J 

Aug. 15. John Reading to Williamson. Concerning the arrival and 
JioTtT. departure of packet-boats and mails, ^IbU. X<i. 198.] 

Aug. 15, Hugh Saleshury to Williamson. Wind N.N.E. Xo news. [/to/. 
PorUmouth. ^y„_ lygl 

Aug. 15. The King to Sir Robert Carr, Chancellor and to the Attorney of 
WiQdKir. jjjg DucJiy of Lancaster. He demised, 1 April, 1661, to George, 
Earl of Bristol, for 99 years from the previous Lady Day, Lancaster 
Great Park or Ashdown Forest, the Honcur of the Aquila and other 
lands in Sussex, with the offices of steward of the said Honours and 
bailiff of the liberty of the Duchy of Lancaster in the said county, 
with leave to disafforest the said forest and convert the same into 
tillage, at the rent of 200/. a year, and on 22 October, 1678, demised 
the said lands to Sir John Packington, Reginald Graham, and George 
Legg, with the said reserved rent of 200/., for 31 years, at the yearly 
rent of Is., which grant was intended for the advantage of the children 
of Colonel Henry Washington, deceased, for his faithful services to 
the late and present kings, but was ineffectual from non-payment of 
the said rent of 2001. ]>er anitHin, caused by the unfruitfulness of the 
premises, which will not without much expense be reduced to a 
condition of yielding any advantage. Sir Thomas Williams of 
Eltham, Kent, now agrees to pay 1,700/. to the trustees of the said 
children, 1,000/. in satisfaction of other pretences to the premises 
and a yearly rent of 100/. 1». 0<l. He is tlierefore to have the grant 
of the same for ever in fee-farm, at the said rental, [&'./-*, Dom., 
Eiitni Bookm.f. 197.] 

Aug. IS, Warrant for a grant to Richard, Earl of Dorset, and Charles, 

Wiodaor. Karl of Middlesex, of Broyle Park, Sussex, granted in 16til to 

■ George, Earl of Bristol, for 99 years, but forfeited, because the 

said earl has not paid the rent of 100/. a year nor improved the 

same, to hold the same for the Eail of Dorset during his life and 



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2H2 DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 

1675. 

after his decease for the said Earl of Middlesex and his heirs in 

fee-farm under the yearly rent of 40«. [8. P. Dom., Entry Book 26, 
/ 199.] 

Aug. 16. Wanant to Sir Robert Carr, Chancellor and to the Attorney of 
Windsor, the Duchy of Lancaster, to prepare a grant to Richard, Earl of 
Dorset, and after his decease to Charles, Earl of Middlesex, 
gentleman of the Bedchamber, of the rent of 100/. 1». to be paid by 
Sir Thomas Williams, Bai't., as the rent of Ashdown Forest, 
Sussex, in compensation for several advantages belonging to them 
from the said forest, [llid.f. 200.] 

[Aug, 15.] Secretary Coventry to Sir Nathaniel Heme, Sheriff of London. 
Conveying to him the King's thanks for his loyalty, vigilance and 
conduct in suppressing the late riot. \_Prec€ih:nts l,f. 1(5.] 

Aug. 16. The Earl of Orrery to Williamson. I received yesterday a letter 
^.^' dated the i^th from Flushing from William Yorke, the Mayor of 
'* '■ Limerick, telling me that his ship, the New Kxchantie of Limerick, 
coming from Bordeaux for Dunkirk laden with French commodities, 
was taken by a Dunkirk caper, Abraham Alimell captain. He 
carried her into Calais, and threatens to make her a prize. Her 
master is Anthony A'erneer, a freeman of Limerick. 

He desires me to move his Majesty for his letter to the President 
and judges of Calais that are concerned in war affairs to restore his 
ship and goods without putting him to charges and trouble 
needlessly. This Mr. Yorke is an honest man, a great trader, and 
one who chiefly keeps up manufacture and traffic in Limerick, for 
which end he went this summer for Holland, and has bought there 
with his own money six ships and one frigate for Limerick, for 
which he deserves all fitting encouragement. 

The bearer, Mr. Francis Tyssen, an eminent merchant of Loudou, 
will deliver you this letter, the gout disabUng me from waiting on 
you. [S.P. Dom., Car. IL 872, No. 200.] 

Aug. 16. Sir B. Carr to [Williamson] . 1 give you my hearty thanks for 
your letter aud am heartily sorry I was not at the Council to attend 
you. Newton and Walden dined with me yesterday where your 
health was cordially remembered. They are Iodine here again to- 
, day and Hartop is expected, and then 1 suppose we shall send you 
some instructions, suitable to the present state of affairs. Pray 
tell Sir Chrititopher Musgrave I am his humble servant, and we are 
very mindful of him. I believe 1 shall not leave this till Friday, the 
27th. [Ibid. No. 201.] 

Aug. 16. Samuel Hodgkin to Williamson. A vessel of this town the storm 
Sunderland, before this foundered about 10 leagues off the opening of the Tees. 
The men and a passenger saved themselves in their boat, and 
after being in it 30 hours were taken up at the nortli end of the 
Dogger Sand by a Holland fisherman, who put them on board their 
convoy, from whence they were sent hither in a Tonning hoy. News 
is just come of a ffyboat being overset about Hai-ttepool in the storm 
we had yesterday at N.E. and by N. We (ear to hear of more losses. 
The master of the vessel that foundered says he saw two sunk by 
him. One had all lost, and the other's men betook them to their 



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CHARLES II. 



Iwat. The ships that come from France to Flanders complain 
much of the abuses they meet with from the French and Spanish 
privateers. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 872, No. 202.] 

Aug. 16. T. Aslaby to Williamson. The ships I gave an account of in my 
Bridlington, laat we judge are got down to their loading ports. About 80 light 
colliers are now at anchor ia this bay, which anchored yesterday 
and last Saturday, the wind blowing northerly, a violent gale. 
Near 100 sail, we hear, went into Scarborough. We hear not as 
yet of any damage. The wind is yet northerly, but much abated. 
llbid. No. 203.] 

Aug. 16, Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. We have a rumour that 
WayiDouth. Mr, Moore has or will speedily set up for the knight of the shire, 
Lord Digby only now appearing for it. I have sent to the West to 
enquire the truth, but having not the answers timely enough for 
this post, if it prove true, I shall inform you of it the next. Mr, 
James Gould, of Dorchester, a burgess of that town, is very aged 
and siek, and so, as I hear, is Sir Francis Wyndham of Trent, a 
Parliament man for Milborne Port in Somerset, at Bath. I have 
had no newsletter from the office these last two weeks. [7^. 
No. 204.] 

Aug. 16. Hugh Acland to Williamson. No news. Wind N.W. [Ibid. 
Truro. .V((. 205.] 

Aug. 16. Sir J. Williamson to Secretary Coventry, I had yours of yester- 
•l.P"- day, and am extreme glad that business of the Lieutenant of the 
'** Tower is like to have that issue you mention from his Majesty. 

Yet, I assure you, the part I take in it is infinitely more for the 
King's service (which, if I mistake not, is greatly concerned in it for 
many reasons) than for any particular goodwill I bear the poor man. 
I shall ofTer it to you as my opinion as well as my humble prayer, 
that you will continue to fortify the King in his intention of not 
turning him out. Yet, on the other side, it may be very fit to 
punish him in another kind, and to a degree sufficiently for an 
example to others in like occasions hereafter, which may at the same 
time serve to stop the mouths of those that I see among ours^Blves, 
as well as a sort of men in the town [that] had already executed 
the poor man. The truth is, we had much ado to bring some of 
them to hear him speak for himself, as I shall tell you more at 
large hereafter. In the meantime the Lord Keeper, who means to 
be at Court to-morrow night, will, I doubt not, tell you in sum, how 
that and all other parts of our late business have passed and that 
Sir J. Robinson is not the only man to blame in it. [.S'.P. Doin., 
Entry Book 43, p. 50.) 

Aug. 16. Warrant for swearing and admitting the Cond6 Don Francisco du 
Windsor. Mello to be Lord Chamberlain to the Queen. [^I'recedents 1,/. 95. J 

Aug, 16. The King to the Lord Treasurer. Warrant at the desire of the 

Windsor, Baron Sparre, the Swedish Ambassador, to order the Commissioners 

of j>he Customs to permit certain Swedish ships laden with salt for 

Ktockbolm to unlade their cargo on certain English ships going to 

the same place without paying any further custom than would have 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



been demanded i! the Swedish ships had continued tlieir voyaRe 
without unlading, and also to permit the unlading of certain goods 
of the said Ambassador's on board a Swedish galliot he has hiied at 
Rouen now in the Thames on board any English veseel going tor 
Stockholm. iPiecvdentg \,f. 96.] 

Aug. 17. Elizabeth Lennard to Williamson. Mr, Hardwin's importnnity 
London. ^^d my own concerns for want of my money embolden me to give 
you this trouble, because I liave been often to wait on you concern- 
ing the warrant that was mislaid, and the hopes you gave nie in 
looking lor it. My humble request now ia that, if the warrant is 
not yet found, you would get another signed, for the sufferers in 
the long want of their warrant, which prevents them and me of 
our money, are much necessitated. \S.P. Doiit., Car II. 372, A'o. 
206.] 

Aug. 17. Richard Potts to Williamson. These last three or four days 
stooktoD. there has been stormy weather, the wind northerly. Now it is 
at S.W., windy fair weather. [Ibitl. S'<>. 207.] 

Aug. 17. Silas Taylor to Williamson. We had such a storm and tide 
HftTwicb. Jagt Sunday as has not been observed these many years. It has 
done US some damage but not very much. The wind was mostly 
northerly. Yesterday it was more westerly and brought us fair 
weather and the sight of many laden ships passing by for the River. 
We have neither packet-boat nor news since my last. [Ibiil. Xn. 
208.] 

Aug. 17. James Welsh to Williamson. About 1 to-day came hither Mr. 
Kje- Grenville, Col. Churchill and divers other persons of quality, who 
within two hours went hence in the Anne yacht for France, and 
without doubt will arrive at Dieppe by morning. The same time 
went 20 horses for France, convoyed by the (ireiihoitiid. \lhUL 
.Vo. 209.] 

Aug. 17. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W. There rode off St. 

Portmoutb, Helens about 40 Dutch ships outward-bound with 7 men-of-war to 
convey them. The storm on Saturday night put them nil from 
their anchors, and they went back again and left their anchors 
behind. About the same time came in two French men-of-war and 
went by to Cowes, where they now ride. [Ibid. So. 210.] 

Aog. 17. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
PljmoQlb. [ibul, Xo. 211.] EudoSfd, 

The said list. {Ibid., Xa. 211 1.] 

Aug. 17. Warrant to James, Earl of Suffolk, Deputy Earl Marshal, for 
wiDdeor, conferring on the younger sous and daughters of the late Sir Bevil 
Grenville, viz., Bernard, Denys. Elizabeth, wife of Peter Prideaux, 
Bridget, wife of Sir Thomas Higgons, and Johanna, relict of Col. 
Richard Thorahill, the rights, privileges and precedency they would 
have enjoyed, if their father had been created an Earl by the late 
King as he intended, which was prevented by Sir Bevil's being slain 
with great honour at the battle of Lansdown. [Preeedeiita 1, 

/: 97.] 



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CHARLES II. 



1675. 
Aug. 18. 

Tbe Coimoil 
Cbuuber, 
WhileUll. 



Order in Council for the discharge from the Gatehouse of Sergeant 
Richard Humphreys, committed for refusing to assist the Under- 
Sheriff of Middlesex in suppressing the late tumult of the weavers. 
[S.P. Doiii., Car. II. 372, No. 212.] 

Aug, 18. John Cooke to [Williiiinsoii^ . Secretary Coventry, hearing of a 
letter lately come from the Iving of Persia, has commanded me to 
enquire where it is, and, it I can procure it, to send it him. I 
learnt from the East India Company that Mr. Sheriff Heme 
delivered that letter to you in the Council Chamber last Friday. 
If you think fit to let me have it, I shall send it to Mr. Secretary, or 
otherwise please let me know what answer I shall return him. 
[Iliitl. .Yo. -218.] 

Aug. 18. Nathaniel Osborne to Williamson. Van Haen, De Ruyter's Vice- 
Weriiioath. Admiral, in the (innda of 76 gnns, came Monday night into 
Portland Road. He came out with four more men-of-war, but on 
the back of the Isle of Wight they and their merchantmen last 
Saturday lost above 20 anchors and parted. They are to go for 
Plymouth and stay there for De Ruyter in order for Messina, as 
they say. He is yet here. 

Voices are making for Mr. Moore, but I cannot learn he has 
written any letter about it, so I am yet in the dark. [//«(?. Nn. 214] 

Aug. 18. Warrant to the Keeper of the Gatehouse for the discharge of 
Sergeant Humphreys, committed for refusing to assist the I'nder- 
Sheriff of Middlesex in suppressing the late tumult of the weavers. 
Minute. [//«me OJfici; Warrant Book 1, p. 77.] 

The King to Sir John Nisbett of Dirleton, Lord Advocate. 
Warrant to prepare a signature for creating his natural son, 
Charles Lenox, a Duke, Eavl, and Lord of Scotland, by the titles 
of Duke of Lenox, Earl of Darneley, and Lord Terbolton, with 
remainder to the heirs male of his body. [S.P, Scotland, if'arraitt 
Book 3, p. 826.] 

The King to the Commissioners of the Treasury in Scotland. 
Warrants for payment to Alexander, Earl of Morray, and to the Earl 
of Kinghorn of 500/. sterling apiece out of the fine of 1,000/. lately 
imposed by the Privy Council on Lord and Lady Cardrosse. [/&«/. 
p. 327.] 

Warrant for a gift to the Provost, Bailies and Council of 
Aberdeen and their successors tor seven years, towards payment of 
the public debts incurred during the late troubles, of iwwer to exact 
id. Scots for every pint of ale and beer brewed or sold within the 
said burgh and in. Scots for every pint of wine, aqua citie, brandy 
or strong waters vented, tai>ped or sold therein, ilbid. p. 8*28.] 

Memorial of protection in the ordinary foim to Margaret Forbes 
for two years. [Ibul. p. 330.] 

Aug. 19. Silas Taylor to Williamson. Since my last on Tuesday nothing 
Barwiob. has happened here, nor is there any news by reason of the packet- 
boat's not arriving here yet. The weather is fair and the wind 
westerly. [«./*. Vom., Car. II. 372, So. 215.] 



Aug. 18. 
Windsor 
Coatle. 



Aug. 18. 
WitKUor 

Cautle. 



Aug. 1ft. 

Windsor 

Castle. 



Aug. 18. 

WlDdlOT 

CMtle. 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
Ang. 19. 



Hugh Sftiesbury to Williamson. Wind W. At St. Helena 
Road ride aix men-of-war and a tire-Hhip witii about 20 Dutch 
merehanti-ships. The commander-in-chief is Captain Burkhead in 
the Osterweeh; of 60 guns, another is equal to mat, and the rest 
are between 30 and 40. They are part of De Ruyter's fleet, having 
been separated by bad weather. They BUppoae him with the rest 
of their fleet to be put in to some of our western ports. It was 
those that were forced to sea from St. Helens and left some cables 
and anchors behind, which they have since recovered. The 
commanders were ashore here, and were kindly treated by Sir 
Roger Manley, the deputy governor. {_8.P. Dom., Car, II. 872, 
No. 216.] 

.John Pocock to James Hickeu. Giving news of the Dutch fleet, 
as in the last, lllitl. So. 217.J 



Hugh Acland to Williamson. 

-.. 218.] 



No news. Wind N.W. Jbid. 



Truro. .V 

Aug. 20. Richard Potts to Williamson. Lust Wednesday the Bishop of 
Stockton Durham, beiiig the Lord Lieutenant of thiw county palatine, had a 
general muster of all the train-baud forces of this county nigh the 
city of Durham, where there was a very great appearance of all the 
gentry in the county, to the great satisfaction of his lordship, who 
caused all the forces to march orderly into the city, his lordship 
riding at the head of them, accompanied with all his deputy 
Uflutenants. Wind S.W. [Ibid. -Vo. 219.] 

Aug. 20. Edward Rodham to Williamson. Our Mayor, Mr. Thomas Green, 
Ljnn. having after 20 days' sickness of a fever departed this life last 
Monday, this corporation to-day elected Alderman Simon Taylor to 
be mayor till Michaelmas next. [^Ibiil. No. 220.] 

Aug. 20. Richard Watts to Williamson. One of our pilots arrived last 
Deal. night from Ostend says at the beginning of tliis week a French 
party came and flred a village near Ostend, which very much 
alarmed the inhabitants. 

The master of a ship from Barbados reports that the negroes 
there had made an e^reement to rise and cut off all the English, but 
s negro woman, liaving an affection for her master and mistress, 
discovered the plot, and on examination they found it to be true. 
Six of the negroes were burnt and eleven had their heads cut off. 
They were upon further examination when the ship came away 
about 1 July last. 

About 5 June the Advice of London, Capt. Robert Swanly 
late commander, arrived at Barbados. They came directly from 
Ireland with provisions to that island. Swanly was very well 
known to be an over severe commander, given to drink and basely 
to pinch his men, insomuch that they were almost starved. His 
men and he had high words, they on the deck and he in his cabin. 
At last he ran out of his cabin. Two of his men and a passenger, 
a very pretty young man, fell on him, and with what first came to 
hand struck him so that they almost killed him, and then heaved 
him overboard, where he suddenly sank, being so amazed with 
blows. They made shght of it, but about the beginning of July the 



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two seamen were haiifred at Barbados on gibbets and there continued. 
The passenger was also hanged on a gibuet, but was cut down and 
buried. 

The wind continues S,W. 64 outward -bouud ahips great and 
small lie wind-bound in the Downs. After the great fears of over- 
much rain tiod has sent us dry, calm, pleasant harvest weather. 
iS.P. Doin., Car. 11. 372, So. 221.] " 

Aug. 20. Capt. Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships 
Flymuuih. arrived. [Ibd. No. 222.] Enclosed, 
The said lint. [Ibid. No. 222 1.] 

Aug. 20. Warrant making free the Hojm: of Londou, a Scotch prize. 
Windwr. Minute.. [Prevednits I, J. 96.] 

Aug. 21. Silas Taylor to Williamson, The master of one of our packet- 
Hnnriofa. boats arrived tliis morning informs us that a great fleet of Dutch 
herring busses have been fishing towards the North with two men- 
of-war as their convoys, and that two French men-of-war (some say 
both of them less than either of the Dutch) attacked and took them 
both, and might have brought away all their busses, if they had had 
men enow to man them. 

In sight of us all this morning {the wind westerly) are passing by 
a very considerable fleet of laden colliers for the Thames. About 
1 p.m. another of our packet-boats arrived, but brings no news. 
[S.P. Dom., Car. H. 372, No. 228.] 

Aug. 21. Richard Watts to Williamson. Pray let the enclosed be immedi- 
!*•"'■ ately delivered to Mr. Bridgeman. The outward-bound fleet in the 
Downs I ac<juainted you was 64 sail. Three or four came down 
to-day, all lyhig wind-bound. 'Tis reported here that Lower 
Noi'mandy is in arms against their King. Very little wind at 
N.W. [Ibid. No. 224.] 

Aug. 21. J. Hhadwell to [AVilliamson.] In excuse uf my tardy going to 
1>8*1« Tangier I beg leave to tell you that my first promise was not broken 
but prevented by a distemper which fell on me, and disabled me for 
travel, and I cannot but say the yarmoutb, which your courtesy 
designed for me on her second coming about to Portsmouth, did not 
play me fair, which will cost me 60f. I am now at Deal and my 
family are in the (Sainea frigate, now a merchant, which conveys 
me to Cadiz. We wait the first fair wind, and it will be a favour if 
you will order Capt. Harman to call for me there and carry me to 
Tangier. I ask this with the more confidence on the relation and 
known kindness you have for Thetford, which gave me my firet 
being, [/dirf. No. 225.] 

Aug. 21. Michael Boyle, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor, to 

Dabiiu. Williamson. Thanking him for having directed Mr. Yard to 

furnish him with the Weekly/ I)iteUi'.it'in:c, and begging him by his 

commands to make him capable of jwrforming him some service. 

[,S-./'. IrelamI, Car. II. 835, No. 179.J 

Sunday, John Creed to Williamson. Requesting him to attend a sitting 
Aug. 22. of the Lords Commisaiouera for Tangier at 4 to-morrow afternoon. 
[S.P. Don,., Car. II. 872, No. 226.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPEBS. 



1G75. 
Aug. 22. 



D. P. to [Williamson?] I had but last night; my letters from 
Windsor, iii which I had the enclosed news from Poland, which I 
present, there being iJOtneAvhut of concern in it. I should have had 
them sooner, if they had not come under my Lord's cover and been 
kept there two or three days. I question not but you have beard 
he is named a plenipotentiary for the congress of peace with Marquis 
de Manaera, a grandee of Spain, and Mr. Christian of the Council 
of Brabant, which is now at Madrid. Our secretary had been at 
Antwerp and all that he could negotiate in live or six weeks has not 
been above 6,000 n-'>inii, which are not yet come here. 'Tis but a 
poor business and scarce enough to discharge what is due already. 
[S.R Doiii., Car. II. 37*2, .V". 227.] 

Aug. 22. J. Shadwell to Williamson. Your kindness is the Author of my 
The Uaiiua, boldness in begging your remembrance of me in the Irish establish- 
intbeDownB-.^jg^j.^ whereof my Lord of Ormonde promised me to remind you, 
and I am sure the Duke, my royal master, will own me so far as to 
take it kindly from you. After the slip the Yaimimlii gave me, I 
have plied the first opportunity, and I hope it will not be many 
hours ere we sail. It would quicken my arrival at Tangier if Capt. 
Harman might have orders to take me in at Cadiz, which was my 
request to you in mine yesterday. [Ih'ul. Xo. 228.] 

Aug. 22. Hugh Salesbury to Williamson, Wind N. Friday the Clereland 
FortmionUi. yaclit came in here from Newhaven (Havre), where he left the Merlin 
yacht, waiting to bring over the corpse of Lord Lockier (Lockhart), 
which he beard was come to Bouen, before he came away. This 
captain had a gold chain and medal weighing about 20oz. presented 
him, and brings another for Capt. Clements, commander of the 
Oreyhmmi, of the like weight, being for conveying over the two 
French yachts built here by Sir A, Deane. He brmgs word that 
the French give the English great honour for their late service 
against the Imperialists, that by their means they retreated over 
the bridge, but that many were slain in that action, and that they 
are in great fear of DeBuyter"s fleet purposing to land mfen and 
furnish ammunition to the mutineers in Brittany, [/tirf, Xo. 229.] 

Aug. 29. Certificate by Sir W. Peake that Thomas Simon took the oaths of 
allegiance and supremacy before him that day. [Ilnd. Xo. 230.] 

Aug. 28. Sir Philip Musgrave to Sir Christopher Musgrave, Dean's Yard, 

Edcnbal. Westminster. Last Saturday I returned from my week's trouble- 
some attendance at Carlisle on great men. My Lord Marshal was 
very civil to me, and, I have heard, speaks of me at the same rate, 
when I hear him not, and blames somebody much for suffering those 
designs of [Sir] tTJ^eorge] F[letcher] to make rents and divisions 
in the country, which, I supiwse, makes that person pay the like 
outward compliments to me publicly and privately, which I have 
not been wanting to answer, for I easily discover the design, which 
is, to make known to greaf men above, how much he courts a good 
understanding with me, but underhand he is the same as formerly, 
as appears by the success at the Assizes of such matters as I wished 
well to, of which Basse will give you a particular accouBt, and it 
will he apparent to you, that the justice of a business prevails not 



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among ub her<>. Lord Carlisle and I have several times discoursed 
of the disputes betwixt U. F. and me. 1 have spoken freely 
and once he told me he was ill put to it betwixt us, for I 
was jealous of him, and the other was angry it he did not 
assist him in all his designs. Last Saturday his lordship moved 
me E^ain that all disputes might be laid aside. 1 told him I should 
be well content to live in quiet, but I would not meddle in the 
matters betwixt (i. F. and the officers of the Custom-house, for I 
was not concerned in it till his lordship made me a party before 
the Lord Treasurer. Immediately after he took G. F, and me 
aside, and said he wished a better understanding betwixt us. 
I answered, in any concern of my own I would submit it to 
his lordship. The other said nothing to that, but fell upon the 
business of Scotch cattle, and what I said at I'enrith sessions 
at Michaelmas. I told him Mr. Bimson knew what 1 said, for 
he took it in WTiting. My lord ijereeived the discourse grew 
warm, so let the matter fall, and went to the Bench, for this 
discourse was in the low end of the Common Hall, the judge sitting 
and several gentlemen at such a distance, as tliey probably took 
notice the conversation was not agreeable. At my taking leave my 
lord told me he intended me a visit at Edenhal, and, though at 
the Sheriffs house, went to the door with me. I consider G. F.'s 
stones are all heard, and pass for truths, none but myself here and 
you at London averring the truth of passages iu the matters of the 
CuHtom-house. Wherein Basse is most concerned, I thought fit to 
give him a fair occasion to come to Lord Carlisle, that, if 
opportunity be offered, he may aver the untruths that are discoursed 
in the coming over of 10,000 Scotch beasts after 24 Aug. last year, 
his and the officers of the Customs taking bribes tor so doing, and 
that the cattle rescued from Simson and his officers (on which the 
indictment was framed and twice found Ifinoraiinis at Penrith) were 
first seized by Simson's officers. The contrary is sworn and will be 
made good. The occasion 1 take to send Basso to Lord Carlisle is 
with a short letter taking notice of his intended visit to Edenhol and 
inviting him to dinner, for he put this compliment of an intended 
visit so publicly on me, that I can do no less in civility. By this 
long narrative you will see 1 am kept to this hard play of compli- 
menting one that 1 judge no friend, his power here much above 
mine, the instruments he uses here not daring to oppose, all 
cowed, though they see well enough his way, and value not G. F. 
I cannot use tricks, plain dealing must do my business or 1 nmst 
suffer. It is time therefore you hasten on the dispatch of your 
affair, for, till that be done and publicly known, it is vain for me 
to appear in any public aifairs, and I desire you to let Secretary 
Williamson know as much. [«./*. Dim., Car. II. 372, Ko. 281.] 



Aug. 28. Francis Bellott to Williamson. Last week came in here about 
Pendennip. 20 Small vessels. I beg your pardon for informing you of the 

miscarriage of your intelligence, tor Lord Arundel sent for it, 

which I knew not till now. [Ibid. V*'o. 282.] 

Aug. 28. Thomas Holden to Williamson. The 20th came in here the 

Pulmoutb. Rebecca of London from Havre, bound for Kilburry in Ireland. They 

have five or six Irish passengers, who were soldiers iu the French 



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270 
1676. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Bervice, and are returning home. The 21st came in here the 
Thomait and John of London with Halt from Bochelle. They report 
that the mutineers are still up in Brittany and that the French 
King ia sending an army against them. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 372, 
,V(j. 233.] 

John Man to Williamson. If anything worth your knowing 
occurred liere you would hear from me, though I have not had a 
letter of intelligence from the office these two months. By the 
master of a small barque of this place, which came from Port 
Louis last Saturday, we are informed that the reljels in Brittany 
continue in bodies in several partH, and the women only are left 
in many parts to reap and get in their corn, and that the Due de 
Chaulues is at Port Louis with a small party which he has to 
guard his person and house from the rabble, but he expects daily 
a considerable body to endeavour a suppression of the rebels by fair 
means or by force. {Ibitl. \o. 234.] 

Warrant for a bill erecting the office of powder maker, for 
making, repairing and stoveing all gunpowder and refining saltpetre 
with a salary of 6d. a day from the Ordnance Office ; and for a grant 
of the same to William Buckler and his son for their lives and the 
life of the survivor. [S.l'. D<yiit., Entry Book 29, p. 133.] 

The King to Sir Thomas Chicheley, Master General of the 
Ordnance. William Buckler has represented by petition that he 
contracted with the Ordnance Officers for a great quantity of powder, 
saving his Majesty 20,000^ therein in the two last Dutch wars, that 
he spent 5,000/. in works and that in trying to bring the gunpowder 
to greater perfection he had 18 jmwder mills blown up, and prayed 
for some allowance in consideration of his services. The petition 
being referred to Sir Thomas Chicheley, who consulted with the 
principal Ordnance Officers, the report recommended a grant of 
1,500/. from the Treasury of the Ordnance, which he is authorized 
to pay accordingly. [IbUi. ji. 185.] 

Kichard Potts to Williamson- Last Saturday the Merehant'a 
Ijfirc of this place sailed with coals, lead and butter for Amsterdam, 
and next day the Margaret of this place for Botterdam with lead 
and butter. Wind S.W. with good harvest weather. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 372, No. 235.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. No packet-boat has arrived since 
my last, so we have no news. The wind is constantly veering 
betwixt S. and W. [Ibid. Ko. 236.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. About 11 last night the Florentine 
anchored to the westward of the Goodwin in l)etween 3 and 4 
fathoms, but thought himself on the East side. He had not been 
long at anchor when suddenly the water fell from him and he came 
aground, at which they were all amazed and everyone began to 
shift for himself, and at last in two boats they got ashore. The 
ship was spied by our seamen as soon as day gave tight, and suddenly 
about ten hookers (they are our great boats of about 5 tons) went 
towards her, and but two or three dared adventure to come nigb 



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Aug. 21. 

tlfiaontb. 



Aug. 25. 
LillingBtnn 



Lug. 2S 



her. She came from Bergen and was bound tor the Straits, her 
whole loading waa stockfish. 

10 a.m. She has been in a sinking condition these two hours, 
and now her hull is under water, quite lost without hopes of saving 
anything. Her master went off about 9 with help, but, before he 
could come to her, she was under water. They say she belongs to 
Mr. Gould of London and partners. 8he had 14 guns and but 
20 men. The wind was S.W., very fresh, and one of our hookers 
was like to founder by reason of the high seas. 1 1 a.m. Not so much 
as her mast is seen, all sunk right down into the Goodwin sand. 

The ships that went out last Sunday have e^er since rode under 
Dungeness and are now forced in by reason of the contrary high 
winds. It blows very fresh at S.W. [S.I'. Dtm., Car. II. 372, 
.Yo. 287.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind S.W. The whole Dutch 
fleet continues at St. Helens Boad waiting for a fair wind to carry 
them for Plymouth, the port appointed for De Ruyter's whole fleet 
for rendezvous. [^Ilnd, No. 288.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
Yesterday came in here three Dutch men-of-'nar, part of the fleet 
lately at St. Helens. They wait for the remainder of their fleet. 
When they come, they wiU sail with the Dutch East India ship, 
which has lain here so long, \lhid. No. 239.] Endoted, 
The said list, llbid. No. 239 i.] 

Thomas Atterbury to Williamson, Having with your leave seen 
the few acquaintance I have in this country, I found them on the 
one hand commiserating my misfortune and loss both of a good 
master and of the time I since trifled away, and on the other they 
professed themselves sensible of your kindness tome in admitting 
me to live thus long one of your domestics. I told them you had 
told me last Michaelmas I should be not only freely welcome to your 
house, but at liberty to depart when my unkind fortune invited me 
away. On this an offer was made me of going beyond the seas on 
a small account, that I shall trouble you with, when I come to 
London, which I have accepted rather than live longer troublesome 
to you. I have only my poor thanks and my whole self to lay at 
your feet for your succours to me, hoping that the merit and 
memory of my master may, if fortune blows me to Edgland again, 
keep me in your eye and good grace. [Ibid. No. 240.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. The fleet that sailed westward 
last Sunday and was forced in yesterday sailed again this morning. 
About 18 of the biggest merchant ships outward-bound remain in 
the Downs. The wind was this morning northerly. Not a breath 
of wind. 

PostscHpt. — 2 p.m. It being since fair weather several boats 
went off to the ship that sank on the Goodwin to see it they could 
break up her hold when it was low wat«r, because the master said 
there were about 20 or 30 tons of lead in her, some pigs above 
200/tj*., which he took in at the North and carried to Bergen and 
there took in stockfish, wHTch they did, and brought a pretty deal 
ashore, and hope, if this calm weather continue and the wind 
remaiu S.E., to get a good part out. [Ibid. No. 241.] 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
Aug. 2a. 



Aug. 25. 

Wiodior 

Ciiitle. 



Morgan Lodge to Williamson. This being the first day of my 
retuiii home from the service of the East India Company, there is 
little to acquaint you with, (News of the ship lost on the Goodwin 
an in Watts' last two letters.) This morning the wind came about 
again to N.E. so the outward-hound fleet of merchantmen are sailed 
agam. 

I'onlncyipt. — The wind is come about to S.W, and blows hard, 
which has caused the said fleet to bear up again for the Downs. 
[.S'./'. Dom., Car. II. 372, X<>. 242.] 

Warrant for the insertion in the next pardon without the proviso 
for transportation of John Smith of Flamstead, Hertfordshire, 
sentenced to be transported at the Berkshire assizes for stealing 
a horse, he being only in the company of Alexander Grigg, who 
has been executed for the said fact, and also for his release on 
bail in the meantime. [.S'.P. Aw(., Eutri/ Hook 28,/. 142.] 

Warrant for a gift to the Earl of Bath of the estate o([John] Rivett, 
of London, brasier, forfeited by bis having become />/i' </<■ »<•. 
[Pm-MenU 1, /. 98.] 

Warrant to the Governor or Treasurer of the almshouse of 
Ewelme, Oxfordshire, to permit William Durant to continue to 
receive the King's allowance of 20il. a week to the almsmen of the 
said almshouse, which is refused him unless he will reside at 
Ewelme, his habitation being at Burham, Buckinghamshire, foras- 
much as by reason of his great age, he being 103, he is unable to 
remove, [ihid. J'. 99.] 

Pass to the Mfrcmii employed by John Parker and Benjamin 
Steele to transport 16,000 round shot to Tunis, which they are given 
lea^'e to do, with a proviso that they or one of them is to give 
eulhcient security not to transport the said shot except to Tunis. 
[IhuKf. 101.] 

The King to the Privy Council of Scotland. Whereas by our 
letter to the Lord Provosr, &c. of Edinburgh (calendared ante, p. 
2i7), we took off our restraint and allowed them to proceed to an 
election, which we hoped should have reduced all to their former 
good temper, but being now informed that some in the Council 
factiously design to perpetuate their own faction, and have 
scattered reports traducing their magistrate*) and endeavouring to 
possess the people that they had ))etrayed their liberties for their 
obeying our letter in continuing in their offices, we therefore 
authorize and require you to intimate our positive pleasure to the 
magistrates and Town Council that Rol>ert Boird, Dean of Guild, 
James Sutherland, Treasurer, and eight other persons be by them 
discharged from officiating as meml>erB of the Town Council or any 
other trust relating to the town, till our further pleasure be known, 
and that the remaining number, which makes a full qiionim of the 
Council, fill up those vacant places with other sober persons, and 
that they be careful this year in electing such as are loyal, sober, 
and well affected to the govwnment in Church and State, as they 
would wish encouragement from us. We well know what the 
carriage of some of the above-mentioned was at the late convention 



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CHABLES II. 278 

1676. 

of borrowB at Glasgow, and how they have endeavoured lately not 
only to traduce the last magistrates tor obeying ua, but also to 
misrepresent our proceedingB, yet we delay any farther proceeding 
against them, till we see if they will behave quietly and soberly in 
their private stations as burgesses. But, if they continue their 
taction in relation to the next election, we require you to proceed 
against them, for we think ourselves so much concerned in this 
affair, that we will not leave it off till our good town be governed by 
sober and loyal [jersons. You shall appoint some of your number 
to attend and see all this put in execution, requiring the 13 who are 
left on the Council and are a full qvonim thereof to exerce as the 
Council, and that such as are chosen by them attend and serve as 
they will answer the contrary at their peril. [S.P. Scotland, 
Warrant Book 3, p. 331.] 

Aug. 26. Do[rothy Lady] Dacre to Williamson. Last winter you did me 
The Vine, the favour to peruse the writings of my grandchild, Dacres Barrett, 
concerning the difforence between Lord Loftus and him. The Lord 
Lieutenant is now in England, and, if he should now take his 
opportunity to do Lord Loftus a second kindness in moving the 
King for his letter to recommend the Parliament in Ireland to pass 
the estate to Lord Loftus by an act, as Lord Loftus did at his 
Majesty's first coming to England, on which the King being informed 
of my son's right recalled it, the Lord Lieutenant's partial report will 
vanish, which if it come to a full hearing, we do not fear Lord 
Loftus' bare allegations against oiu: proofs. At the hearing before 
the Lord Lieutenant in Ireland, as our petition was read which my 
son's counsel was ready to prove. Lord Loftus' counsel to be 
short said they had granted them all but one, which they very well 
knew my son could not prove, viz., that the Council of State put my 
lord in possession of the disputed estate for the good service he had 
done the Parliament in keeping his castle in Yorkshire against the 
King's forces. My son has his petition to the Council of State, 
but by reason the acts done there are all lost, my humble request 
is, that, if his Majesty should be moved to it, you would give ub 
notice of it, for I am confident the King will not do it but on a 
surprise, he has been so just in all the business. [S.P. Dom., 
Car. II. 873, No. 1.] 

Aug. 26. T. Aslaby to Williamson. Several light and laden ships ply to 
OndTingtoii. and again. We have heard of little damage at sea the late blowing 

weather, but it has shalled much wheat and other grain. [Ibid. 

No. 2.] 

Aug. 26. Silas Taylor to Williamson. Yesterday one of our packet-boats 
Hsrwioh. arrived from the Brill. Ever since last Saturday they have been 
plying of it. They brought no news. Some soldiers of the Duke 
of Monmouth's regiment in the French army, that came over in 
her, being wounded in the retreat of the French army over the 
Rhine and left behind, say that Marshal Tureune was shot in the 
breast, as he was viewing the Imperial army through a perspective 
glass, and that, though that regiment was in the heat of all that 
service, not many of it were slain. Wind W.N.W. {^Ibid. No. 8.J 
12403 S 



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DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



1675. 
Aug. 26. 



Hugh Saleabury to Williamson. Wind W. The Dutch ships 
are still at St. Helens waiting for a fair wind to Plymouth, the 
place appointed for their rendezvous. A vessel arrived from 
Barbados left all there in a thriving condition. The seamen that 
killed their commander, Bwanlej, are carried ashore and condemned 
to be hanged. The master reports that the said captain, putting 
the seamen to short allowance, meeting with a long passage, they 
mutinied, and one of the men struck him with a handspike that he 
fell dovm. Then another struck an iron fid with the handle of it 
into his braiiis. [.S.P. Dom., Var. II. 373, Xo. 4.] 



Hugh Acland to Williamson. 

No. 57} 



No news. Wind N.W. [Ibid. 



Aug. 26. 

Windwr 
Cutlr. 



Caveat that nothing pass to the prejudice of the pretensions of 
Richard Royston and Robert Cleater, assignees of the interest of 
Col. Walter Slingesby, deceased, in the Royal Oak lottery, till they 
be heard. [S.P. Dom., Entry Booh 46, p. 14,] 

[Aug. ?] William Cooke, John Cooke, and John Heskins to the King. 
Petition for pardon for forgery, subornation, and perjury, in regard 
that William Cooke could get no benefit if the will adjudged to be 
forged had been found good, he being to pay in annuities and debts 
the full value of the lands demised to him thereby, and the 
petitioners having never been or reputed persons of evil fame or 
defrauders of people. At the side, 

Aug. 27. Reference thereof to the Attonieu or Solicitor General. On the 

Report hy Sir W. Jonei, Attorney-General, in fai-otir oj granting 
the prayer of the petition, 20 Sept. [S.P. Bom., Car. 11. 373, 

No. 6.] 

Another copy of the above reference. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 46, 

p. 44.] 



Aug. 27. 
Aug. 27. 



Certificate by Sir W. Peake that Henry Baltes, bom at Saardam 
in Holland, took the oath of allegiance and supremacy before him 
that day. IS.P. Dom., Car. II. 873, No. 7.] 



[Sir J. Williamson] to - 



Thanking him for his 



letters of the 14th from Bruges, the 16th from Ghent, and the 
20th, 24th, 26th and SOth, and begging him to continue them with 
the zeal he is known to have for his friends. The Master wishes 
you to make some visits to the army in order to save appearances, 
and also to endeavour to penetrate more particularly into tlie affairs. 
You wilt be credited with 100 or 150 Jacobuses extraordiuarj on 
that head, which I charge myself to remit to you at sight. Only 
remember that your ser^nces are valued, and that people claim to 



deserve them. [Erench. Draft i, 

Richard Potts to Williorasoi 
news. llbiJ. So. 9.] 



Williamson's hand. Ibid. No. 8.] 
High southerly winds. No 



Richard Bower to Williamson. Our Island (Iceland) fieet are all 
arrived, but not half fished. We have daily complaints from our 
ships of the great abuses they receive from the capers in abusing 



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CHARLES II. 



Aug. 27 
IW. 



Aug. 27. 

Fljinoath. 



Aug. 27. 



[Before 
Aug. 29.] 



the masters and compnny itni] taking out goods. The eugine that 
was Borae time since brought from London to deepen this haven is 
almost finished and fit to work, if the partners interested tlierein 
could agree amongst themBelvea. Tliose that covenanted ^^ith the 
town seem willing to stand by their contract, tmt the rest will not 
consent unless they and the town make a new contract, pretending 
they must be losers by the former. I fear tliey are ignorant of the 
number of the partners, and that there are two or three that will lay 
claim to a part, so that, if the town were willing to treat anew, they 
do not know whom to treat with. Our Presbyterians and Indeiwn- 
deots now agree as one, and meet in one place in greater numbers 
than formerly, and as public as if they were indulged, whicli some 
conceive they are, and they themselves nurse them up in this 
ignorance. (fi.P. Dorn., Car. II. 373, Xo. 10.] 

Richard Watts to Williamson. Wednesday and yesterday the 
fleet of merchantmen, that I acquainted you were sailed the third 
time, came in again, and almost 80 sail outward-bound are now at 
anchor in the Downs. Last night two ships arrived from Cadiz. 
They say that three of his Majesty's ships have blocked up Sallee, 
and that all the Bailee men-of-war are in that harbour except three 
small ones, and that they hear not of any English ships taken by 
them. [IhU. N,.. 11.] 

Philip Lanyon to Williamson. Enclosing list of ships arrived. 
ilhi'l. No. 12.] Enclosed, 

The said list. [/tiW. Xn. 12 1.] 

Warrant to Sir Stephen Fox for stopping so much of the pension 
of Col, Thomas Howard of Suffolk as may satisfy the debts incurred 
by him while lieut.-eolonel to the Earl of Mulgrave's regiment to the 
lieutenant and several private soldiers of hfs company, amounting 
to 101/. 17«. 11(/. for moneys received by him for the said company 
and not paid, and to cause the same to be paid to the persons from 
whom it has been detained. [Preri-ileiits 1,/. 100.] 

Warrant to the Warden of the Mint in the Tower, after reciting 
that he has caused to be made and examined two piles of Scotch 
weights, each containing 512o^., whereof 12oz. are of less weight 
than 12o;. English by 4 dwt. 9grs. English, for the delivery of one of 
the said piles to Richard Maitland, one of the generals of the mint 
in Scotland, by bills indented under the hands of the said Warden 
and General to be carried into Scotland by him and to remain with 
the officers of the Mint there, {_lhid.] 

Silas Taylor to Williamson. The packet-boat which should have 
come from the Brill last Wednesday is not yet arrived, the wind 
yesterday and to-day being mostly southerly. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 
373, \n. 13.] 

Invitation to [Williamson] to be present at the consecration of 
the Bishop Elect of Worcester at St. Peter's Church, Broad Street, 
on Sunday, 29 Aug., between 8 and 9 a.m., and afterwards to dine 
with his Lordship at Drapers' Hall. [I'rinted. Ibid. \o. 14,] 



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1675. 
Aug. 29. 



[Before 
Aug. 30.] 



Aug. 30. 



Aug. 30. 



DOMESTIC STATE PAPERS. 



Sir C. Musgrave to [WilliftmBon.] Conceiving you might have 
opportunity of speaking with hie Ikiyal HighnesB before I waited on 
you, my father's command engages me to send you the encloeed. 
I am sorry for the length of it. I wish he were not so dejected, 
though the indirect practices of that great man give too much 
occasion, for in two concerns I had the judge was treated with in 
one, and the jury in the other, the particularB of which are too 
tedious. You see how much my return into the country is desired 
by my father, and it seems the likeliest way of effecting what his 
Highness was pleased to declare in favour of me, but I shall always 
acquiesce in what you please to determine. The widow is still 
here with the richest, &c. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 378, No. 15.] 

Hugh Salesbury to Williamson. Wind W. The Dutch ships 
continue at anchor at St. Helens Road, where they ride very smooth 
with these winds. [Ibid. No, 16.] 



Aug. 29. 
Pljmoath, 

Aug. 29. 
Windsor 
CiutJe. 



Philip Lanyoi 

No. 17.] 



to Williamson. No news i 



i my last. 



Secretary Coventry to the Bishop of London. The King granted 
away the estate of John Ryvett, a braaier of St. Sepulchre's parish, 
lately become /do de se ; but being moved on behalf of his widow 
and the estate being small, he recalls his former grant and gives it 
it to her for her support. The estate is therefore to be reserved 
entire for the widow. [S.P. Dom., Entrff Book 26, /. 201.] 

Notice to [Williamson] to meet the Committee of Correspondence 
at the African House on Monday, 30 Aug., at 9 a.m. iPrinted. 
S.P. Dom., Car. II. 373, No. 18.] 

William Cooke to Williamson. I am forced to become a suitor 
tor a pardon, being convicted of what I never was guilty of. Were 
Thomas Lamplugh in town, of whom I purchased Papcastle and 
Dovenby in Cumberland, I would oblige him to wait on you in my 
behalf, who is able to inform you of my having lived always like 
an honest man. I beseech you to favour me with a dispatch, 
[ittrf. No. 19.] 

James Hickes to Williamson. On Saturday night I received 
yours for Lord O'Brien and one from his lady, and have obeyed 
your commands by enclosing them to an officer in Dublin for their 
care and safe conveyance, and by the post to-morrow shall do it 
more effectually, and advise my Lord thereof that he may transmit 
his letters to such persons back or into any part of Ireland. The 
bad member in the office in TJubhn, as formerly suspected, was one 
James Knight, who died two or three months past. [Ibid. No. 20.] 

Alderman Patience Ward to Williamson. The free access I have 
ever had with your Honour has encouraged this, though, when I 
reflect on my fruitless solicitations in the French treaty of com- 
merce, my heart fails. The present is, like my former, about the 
manufacture of wool, whereto the soil and people here are so 
generally disposed, that the touch of it is esteemed as the apple of 
their eye, and it is accordingly secured by severest laws, and of that 
complaint, fall of rents and decay of trade, this seems to claim 



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1675. 



CHARLES 11. 



precedence, the decay of the woollen tnanufaeture ; this touches the 
landlord, the tenant, the merchant, the mariner, the whole. . 

The treaties with all nations eminently have been for vending the 
same, as that whereby we can maintain any commerce with a saving 
to this kingdom, which nevertheless has been greatly invaded lately 
by our neighbourhood and is in some i)lace8 irrecoverable, obliging 
suitable considerations thereof. But, whilst that is doing, the 
present attempts of Ireland on the several sorts of manufactures 
claimed by prescription and possession as the property aud right of 
the several counties of England is submitted \o consideration, that 
the vieing of one with the other may not ruin both, for that the 
attempt multiplies the groans of England in the further decay of 
their darling manufacture and so forms animosities and hatred 
betwixt the kingdoms, whilst Ireland will as surely be disappointed 
of what it is made to hope, and unawares run into greater poverty. 

The woollen manufactures made in England are thought double 
more than sufficient to supply the whole world we traffic